News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 28 , 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Algorithm Watch, Association for Progressive Communications, EDRi, Privacy International.


NEWS
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Coronavirus Threatens to Disrupt Academia Worldwide
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Academia around the world will suffer the effects of travel bans, closures, and test cancellations imposed by the coronavirus (Covid-19) epidemic for the 2020-2021 academic year and beyond, Joyce Lau and John Ross report at Times Higher Education. However, the crisis offers an opportunity to improve and enhance remote and online learning. At the China Media Project, Da Shiji reports on government secrecy and lockdown in Wuhan, where 11 million people are being held under quarantine. SCMP reports that the death of Li Wenliang, the doctor reprimanded by police for warning about the virus outbreak, has prompted calls within China for free speech rights. At Papers Please, Edward Hasbrouck considers the legal position of quarantine orders within the US. At the Jakarta Post, AFP reports that efforts to contain the outbreak are being disrupted by thousands of coordinated Russia-linked social media accounts that are spreading misinformation and conspiracy theories and sowing distrust of Western responders. Finally, at The Atlantic, Zeynep Tufecki suggests that the reason China was slow to act was not endemic secrecy but "authoritarian blindness"; when people are afraid to speak truth openly, the authorities know less and less.
https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/universities-brace-lasting-impact-coronavirus-outbreak
http://chinamediaproject.org/2020/01/27/dramatic-actions/
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/politics/article/3050086/coronavirus-hundreds-chinese-sign-petition-calling-freedom
https://papersplease.org/wp/2020/01/31/can-quarantine-orders-restrict-travel-and-movement/
https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/02/22/russia-linked-disinformation-campaign-fueling-coronavirus-alarm-us-says.html
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2020/02/coronavirus-and-blindness-authoritarianism/606922/

Swiss Authorities Investigate Crypto AG
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The Swiss government has ordered an inquiry into the global cryptographic communications equipment company Crypto AG following revelations that the company was owned outright for decades by the US CIA and Germany's equivalent, the BND, Julian Borger reports at the Guardian. The company deliberately weakened the encryption products it sells to more than 100 countries to enable the agencies to eavesdrop on both adversaries and allies. The story that Crypto AG's products were designed to enable access for GCHQ and NSA codebreakers was first reported in 1976 by Duncan Campbell in Time Out.
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/feb/11/crypto-ag-cia-bnd-germany-intelligence-report
https://www.duncancampbell.org/PDF/1976-may-time-out-the-eavesdroppers.pdf

Preprint Repositories Struggle to Stay Open
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The platforms that host preprint repositories for emerging economies are struggling to raise enough money to stay in operation, Smrity Mallapaty reports at Nature. In December 2018 Charlottesville VA-based Center for Open Science warned the servers it hosts - such as INA-Rxiv (Indonesia), AraiXiv (Arabic-language), AfricArxiv, and IndiaRxiv, which are all run by volunteers - that beginning in 2020 it would need to charge fees to cover its annual maintenance costs of $230,000. INA-Rxiv, which was set up in 2017, has decided to close and the marine conservation science repository, MarXiv, has stopped accepting submissions.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00363-3

South Africa: Artists Protest US Pressure to Weaken Copyright Reform Bill
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South African artists, authors, and publishers have picketed the US Embassy in Pretoria to protest US pressure on South Africa to weaken the fair use provisions in its copyright reform bill, which has been awaiting President Cyril Ramphosa's signature for nearly a year, Phanuel Shuman reports at SABC News, which also has a video clip about the protests. In an open letter to the president signed by numerous civil society organizations representing more than half a million South Africans, Re-Create calls on the president to sign the bill. Signatories include Right2Know, Wikimedia South Africa, Creative Commons South Africa, and the Association for Progressive Communications. TorrentFreak reports that the International Intellectual Property Alliance, which represents entertainment industry rights holder groups, has recommended placing South Africa on the US Trade Representative's Priority Watch List,.
http://www.sabcnews.com/sabcnews/sa-artists-stage-protest-outside-us-embassy-amid-copyright-amendment-bill-bill/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0Yzt0TmKp4
https://www.re-createza.org/new-blog/2019/8/23/open-letter-to-the-president-of-south-africa
https://torrentfreak.com/u-s-copyright-groups-want-south-africa-to-ensure-that-5g-doesnt-boost-piracy-200217/

EU Considers AI Regulation and Bloc-wide Facial Recognition System
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In publishing its white paper on regulating AI, the EU fails to appreciate risks other than loss of trust hampering its adoption, Nicola Kayser-Bril writes at Algorithm Watch. In a previously-seen draft, the white paper suggested banning real-time facial recognition; the final version concludes there is no need for a ban on "remote biometric identification" but says it should only be used in cases of substantial public interest. At The Intercept, Zach Campbell and Chris Jones find that a leaked report drawn up by the national police forces of ten EU member states, led by Austria, calls for legislation to introduce and interconnect facial recognition databases in every EU member state. The European Commission is paying Deloitte almost €700,000 to consider changes to the Prüm system, which connects DNA, fingerprint, and vehicle registration databases for cross-border searching, and €500,000 to a consortium of public agencies to map the use of facial recognition in criminal investigations in all EU member states. At Forbes, Tom Brewster reports that London's Metropolitan Police is testing live facial recognition\ in locations such as the Oxford Street shopping district despite legal challenges launched by Big Brother Watch and Liberty. At the New York Times, Davey Alba reports that US, public schools are turning on facial recognition with the goal of preventing mass shootings and stopping sexual predators.
https://algorithmwatch.org/en/story/ai-white-paper/
https://theintercept.com/2020/02/21/eu-facial-recognition-database/
https://www.forbes.com/sites/thomasbrewster/2020/02/20/london-police-just-turned-on-facial-recognition-in-one-of-the-worlds-busiest-shopping-districts/
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/06/business/facial-recognition-schools.html

Saudi Arabian Spies Operated Inside Twitter
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A complaint filed by the US FBI alleges that two Saudi Arabian citizens working on Twitter's global media team passed identifying information from thousands of user profiles to the Saudi Arabian government over a period of seven months in 2015, Alex Kantrowitz reports at Buzzfeed News. The case highlights vulnerabilities within US technology companies, which don't plan for the possibility that employees may have close relationships with foreign governments and abuse their access to sensitive data to spy on their behalf. One dissident based in Canada is suing the company for failing to fully disclose the spying; others inside Saudi Arabia are believed to have been arrested and tortured.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/alexkantrowitz/how-saudi-arabia-infiltrated-twitter


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

NGOs at Risk from GDPR Abuse
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In this posting at Responsible Data, Vera Franz summarizes her new report, written with Ben Hayes and Lucy Hannah, highlighting the potential for governments and corporations to use GDPR as a weapon against NGOs. Organizations such as Global Witness and Romania's RISE project have received subject access requests and regulatory demands intended to expose their sources. NGO leaders and funders need to ensure their organizations find the balance between non-compliance and over-compliance.
https://responsibledata.io/2020/02/11/ngos-embrace-gdpr-but-will-it-be-used-against-them/
https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/publications/civil-society-organizations-and-general-data-protection-regulation-compliance

Law Enforcement Targets Cloud Storage for Forensic Analysis
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In this blog posting at EDRi, Privacy International summarizes its new report on mass data collection technology used by law enforcement investigators to forensically analyze data stored in the cloud. Now that phones are increasingly locked down, user data stored on third-party servers is considered the future of mobile forensics, especially as analysis software has begun to include facial and emotion recognition. There is little transparency about cloud extraction technology, and public understanding is limited.
https://edri.org/cloud-extraction-a-deep-dive-on-secret-mass-data-collection-tech/
https://privacyinternational.org/long-read/3300/cloud-extraction-technology-secret-tech-lets-government-agencies-collect-masses-data

OpenAI Succumbs to Commercial Pressures
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In this article at Technology Review, Karen Hao reports that the four-year-old research lab OpenAI has lost touch with its founding aspirations of transparency, openness, and collaboration and instead has become obsessed with maintaining secrecy, protecting its image, and enforcing employee loyalty. In March 2019, OpenAI added a for-profit arm and accepted a $1 billion investment from Microsoft; it followed up by changing its pay structure and releasing the GPT-2 auto-text generator it had previously called too dangerous to release. Hao believes the lab is succumbing to pressure to commercialize and social responsibility is losing out.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/615181/ai-openai-moonshot-elon-musk-sam-altman-greg-brockman-messy-secretive-reality/

US Moves Toward Data Privacy Legislation
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In this article at The Verge, Makena Kelly outlines US Senator Kirsten Gillibrand's (D-NY) proposal for an independent Data Protection Agency whose remit would be to protect consumer data. Under her data protection act, consumers would have the right to file complaints triggering investigations into malpractice, and the agency would work with the technology industry to promote the development of privacy-enhancing technologies. In a video clip, the Washington State House Innovation, Technology, and Economic Development Committee hears testimony regarding the state's in-progress data privacy bill, SB 6281. At Geekwire, Monica Nickelsburg summarizes Washington ACLU's opposition to and Microsoft's support for the bill.
https://www.theverge.com/2020/2/13/21135231/kirsten-gillibrand-facebook-google-data-protection-agency-privacy-big-tech
https://app.leg.wa.gov/billsummary?BillNumber=6281&Year=2019&Initiative=false
https://www.geekwire.com/2019/aclu-washington-state-lawmaker-clash-data-privacy-bill-backed-microsoft/

We Need to Talk About Cloud Neutrality
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In this article at Wired, Holly Wood argues that today the cloud, not the internet, is the essential enabler of the technology economy - and unlike the internet, much of which was publicly financed or subsidized, the cloud is fully owned and operated by a handful of private companies.  Given the potential for abuse, in a world where Netflix hosts its streaming services on Amazon, which is also its competitor, we should be thinking about cloud neutrality, not network neutrality. At the New York Times, David McCabe profiles Sarah Miller's work as leader of the newly-founded American Economic Liberties Project, which is dedicated to pushing for government action on corporate concentration across a wide array of industries including agriculture and medicine as well as technology.
https://www.wired.com/story/we-need-to-talk-about-cloud-neutrality/
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/11/technology/big-tech-antitrust.html

US National Archives Grants Government Agencies Deletion Rights
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In this audio clip at WNYC, Columbia University professor Matthew Connelly raises the alarm about a 2017 agreement under which, despite opposition from both lawmakers and the public, the US National Archives agreed to let Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials delete or destroy documents relating to the sexual abuse and death of undocumented immigrants. The result, exacerbated by ongoing budget cuts, Connelly says here and in a recent New York Times op-ed, is that we may never find out the truth about ICE's policies under the Trump administration. In response, Archivist of the United States David Ferriero called Connelly's claims "misleading" while admitting that the US State Department uses automated algorithms to decide what to delete or destroy. At Alternet, Connelly provides more detail of the deletion practices in in an interview with Amy Goodman.
https://www.wnycstudios.org/podcasts/takeaway/segments/national-archives-deleting-records-about-trumps-ice-policies
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/04/opinion/archives-document-destruction.html
https://www.alternet.org/2020/02/the-national-archives-is-destroying-records-about-victims-of-trumps-ice-policies-a-historian-explains-the-implications/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI@Work
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March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
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March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

ECogS 2020
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March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
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March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
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April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
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April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
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April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
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May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
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May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Thotcon
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May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

Creative Commons Global Summit
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May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
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June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
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June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
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June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
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June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
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June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

CPDP LatAm 2020
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June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

Aspen Ideas Festival
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June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
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July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
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August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
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August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
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August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
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August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
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October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
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October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
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November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 14, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, SPARC, The Engine Room.


NEWS
=====

Privacy International Files Personal Data Complaint Against MI5
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In collaboration with Liberty UK, Privacy International has filed a complaint against the security agency MI5 with the UK's Investigatory Powers Tribunal based on the agency's admission that it was holding personal data in an "ungoverned space", PI reports in a press release. The complaint adds to previous cases in which longstanding and serious failings have emerged regarding MI5's collection and use of personal data.
https://privacyinternational.org/news-analysis/3356/pi-and-liberty-submit-new-legal-challenge-after-mi5-admits-vast-troves-personal


Dutch Court Shuts Down Benefit Fraud Prediction System
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A Dutch court has shut down the government SyRi system, which flagged thousands of immigrants and people in low-income communities as likely to commit benefit fraud, on the basis that it violates European human rights and data protection laws, Tom Simonite reports at Wired. In coming to its decision, the court heard testimony from representatives of the UN Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights, who submitted an influential report on the dangers of the digital welfare state to the UN General Assembly last year. The fact that the ruling cites international human rights laws and norms means the case is likely to be widely influential.
https://www.wired.com/story/europe-limits-government-algorithm-us-not-much/

Facial Recognition App May End Privacy in Public Places
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The little-known and secretive company Clearview AI has built a groundbreaking facial recognition app that can match a single uploaded image to its database of 3 billion public images and provide details of where it appeared, Kashmir Hill reports at the New York Times. The company says more than 600 law enforcement agencies now use its app, potentially ending all privacy in public places. In a follow-up story, Hill and Bariel J.X. Dance report that the company's technology is being used to identify child victims of sexual abuse. At CNet, Alfred Ng reports that the company believes that despite the cease-and-desist letters it's received from Twitter, Facebook, and Google the First Amendment protects its right to scrape these "publicly-available" images. At The Verge, Casey Newton considers 15 years of diminishing privacy by drawing a straight line to Clearview AI from Google Maps.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/18/technology/clearview-privacy-facial-recognition.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/07/business/clearview-facial-recognition-child-sexual-abuse.html
https://www.cnet.com/news/clearview-says-first-amendment-lets-it-scrape-the-internet-lawyers-disagree/
https://www.theverge.com/interface/2020/2/7/21126498/google-maps-birthday-privacy-street-view-germany-clearview-ai

UK: School Data Passed to Betting Companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A Sunday Times investigation found that the UK Department of Education Learning Records Service database had granted access to personal data about more than 28 million British pupils over the age of 14 to betting companies, Jen Persson reports at DefendDigital.Me. The group calls for a full investigation and a system-wide audit given previous complaints about the misuse of children's data. At TES, Amy Gibbons reports that using the information enabled one gambling firm to increase the numbers of young people passing its identity checks by 15%. Recent surveys and reports have found that nearly half of all children between the ages of 11 and 16 have spent money on gambling. In November 2018, the Guardian reported that 55,000 British 11-to-16-year-olds were classed as problem gamblers.
https://defenddigitalme.com/2020/01/comment-on-sunday-times-story-gbg-use-of-national-learner-records/
https://www.tes.com/news/gambling-companies-access-data-28-million-children
https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/nov/21/number-of-problem-gamblers-aged-11-16-rises-to-55000

US: President Considers Mandating Open Access to All Federally Funded Research
----------------------------------------------------------------------
US president Donald Trump is considering issuing an executive order requiring all federally funded research to be immediately accessible to the public for free, Kelsey Brugger and Sean Reilly report at E&E News. At STAT, Robert M. Kaplan reviews the reasons to support the move, although 125 publishers and scientific organizations oppose it. SPARC reports that it has submitted a letter of support, along with numerous other scientists, patient advocates, and publishers.
https://www.eenews.net/stories/1061836761
https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/06/open-science-publishing-and-public-research-support-could-trump-have-it-right/
https://sparcopen.org/our-work/rumored-2020-white-house-open-access-policy/

US: Companies Lobby to Weaken Internet Liability Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
IBM and Disney are among a wide array of companies lobbying to weaken S230 of the 1996 Communications Decency Act, the law that shields online platforms from liability for content posted by their users, David McCabe reports at the New York Times. Also lobbying to weaken the law are Marriott, Hilton, and Hyatt, who want S230 modified so Airbnb and other home-rental services can't use it to block local regulations.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/04/technology/section-230-lobby.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
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On this page at YouTube, CPDP lists video clips of this year's conference sessions, the vast majority of which covered one or more aspects of AI. Among the most notable are panels on data protection in the smart city; the ethics of adtech (organized by the Open Rights Group); AI and migration control (organized by EDRi); adtech and the future of the internet; and algorithmic regulation of transportation.
https://www.youtube.com/user/CPDPConferences/videos

Inside the Billion-Dollar Disinformation Campaign to Re-Elect President Trump
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Atlantic, McKay Coppins describes the billion-dollar disinformation campaign to re-elect US president Donald Trump, which depends on tools and techniques developed by dictators elsewhere. Having created a separate Facebook account and liked a few pro-Trump pages, Coppins is swamped by pro-Trump propaganda videos and winds up doubting every news story of any stripe. Coppins goes on to trace these tactics' history of being used to support Filipino president Rodrigo Duterte and discredit journalists who have criticized Trump. The Economist's annual report on the state of democracy finds that although 2019 scored lowest since assessments began in 2006, there is hope in the form of popular protests. At Al Jazeera, Santiago Zabala argues that digital populism is even more dangerous than the emotional appeals of right- and left-wing populist politicians. Finally, at CNBC, Salvador Rodriguez reports that the new oversight board Facebook is setting up is "filled with loopholes" and its influence over the company's actions will be very limited.
https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2020/03/the-2020-disinformation-war/605530/
https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2020/01/22/global-democracy-has-another-bad-year
https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/beware-digital-populism-200207150123445.html
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/28/facebook-oversight-board-bylaws-leave-company-firmly-in-control.html

New Study Finds Exclusion and Empowerment in Digital Identity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, the Engine Room studies the real-life social and cultural consequences of digital ID systems among marginalized communities in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Thailand. Among the key findings: while digital ID can both empower and increase surveillance of marginalized groups; these systems are growing, partly because one of the United Nations Sustainable Development goals is for everyone to have a legal identity by 2030; context matters; and both the ID itself and the process of obtaining it can be exclusionary.
https://digitalid.theengineroom.org/

The Misinformation Virus
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this BBC radio program, "The Misinformation Virus", Angela Saini investigates how and why pseudoscience continues to spread, no matter how often it's debunked. At Wired, Omer Benjakob reports on Wikipedia's efforts to contain disinformation about the coronavirus. At Patreon, internet pioneer Howard Rheingold, author of Net Smart, republishes an essay for the New School's Public Seminar in which he suggests that solving today's lopsided deception arms race will require legislation to curb the monopoly power of digital megacorporations. At New Humanist, Eleanor Gordon-Smith discusses the importance of emotion and trust in persuading people to change their minds about long-held beliefs. Finally, The Economist reviews Under the Influence, a new book by Cornell professor Robert Frank, who suggests we could harness "behavioral contagion" to support social goals.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/m000c9sm
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/wikipedia-coronavirus
https://www.patreon.com/posts/democracy-is-33747750
https://newhumanist.org.uk/articles/5554/rational-debate-is-broken-heres-how-to-fix-it
https://www.economist.com/open-future/2020/02/07/we-can-harness-peer-pressure-to-uphold-social-values

Price-Fixing Lawsuit Strangled Ebooks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vox, Constance Grady delves into the records of a lawsuit filed by the Department of Justice in 2012 against Apple and five of the then-Big Six publishing houses in order to understand why ebooks are so expensive - and why they still command only 20% of the book market. The DoJ contended that Apple and the publishers were conspiring to fix prices; Apple and the publishers claimed they were merely countering the predatory threat posed by Amazon. Antitrust law professor Christopher Sagers tells Grady that the underlying problem is industry consolidation at all levels; he believes the government should also have sued Amazon.
https://www.vox.com/culture/2019/12/23/20991659/ebook-amazon-kindle-ereader-department-of-justice-publishing-lawsuit-apple-ipad

OECD Oversees Talks on Taxing the Digital Giants
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Politico, Mark Scott and Aaron Lorenzo explain the key issues and proposals for discussion in the late-January international talks on taxing the digital giants. The talks are overseen by the OECD, which has been tasked with finding a compromise between countries who want the companies to pay tax where they earn revenues, such as Austria and Italy, which have already passed digital tax rules targeting US companies, and countries that believe the companies should pay tax where their headquarters are.
https://www.politico.eu/article/oecd-digital-tax-france-us-steve-mnuchin-bruno-le-maire-europe/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

ECogS 2020
----------------------------------------
March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

CPDP LatAm 2020
----------------------------------------
June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 24, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, noyb, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

Uber Threatens to Sue Colombia under Investor-State Dispute Settlement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The controversial provision in international trade treaties for investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) is being invoked for the first time by Uber, which is threatening to sue Colombia for millions of dollars for violating the 2012 United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement, Glyn Moody reports at Techdirt. At CNBC, Lauren Feiner reported in early January that Uber would cease operations in the country after a Colombian court ruled in December that the company broke the county's market rules.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20200114/06505943728/uber-wins-dubious-honor-being-first-big-tech-company-to-bully-small-nation-using-corporate-sovereignty.shtml
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/10/uber-to-end-service-in-colombia-after-regulatory-crackdown.html

Preliminary CJEU Opinion Finds UK, French, and Belgian Data Retention Unlawful
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, Campos Sánchez-Bordona, has written a preliminary opinion finding that British, French, and Belgian laws requiring telephone and internet companies to store and retain data on citizens' phone and internet activity are unlawful, Bill Goodwin reports at Computer Weekly. The British case was referred to the court by the Investigatory Powers Tribunal in response to a challenge filed by Privacy International, which also intervened in the French case. In a backgrounder, PI explains that the opinion is non-binding, though normally followed by the court. The eventual final judgment will be sent back to each state's national court, which must apply the CJEU's ruling.
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252476876/UKs-phone-and-internet-bulk-data-surveillance-unlawful-says-EU-court-opinion
https://privacyinternational.org/news-analysis/3334/advocate-generals-opinion-national-security-mass-retention-regimes-are

Norwegian Consumer Council and noyb File GDPR Complaints against Adtech Companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Norwegian Consumer Council and noyb have collaborated to file three GDPR complaints with the Norwegian Data Protect Authority against Grindr, Twitter, and adtech companies Smaato, OpenX, AdColony, and AT&T's AppNexus, based on the NCC's new report on adtech, Max Schrems reports at noyb. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas summarizes the report, which finds that ten popular mobile apps transmit user data to at least 135 different advertising or profiling companies, often along with location and IP address, and that mobile users have no hope of escaping being profiled in detail. NCC, with the help of cybersecurity company Mnemonic, subjected ten apps to forensic analysis, including Grindr, Tinder, OKCupid, and two fertility trackers. At Engadget, Violet Blue reports that Airbnb's "trait analyzer" algorithm, which scores the company's users by mining the comprehensive dossiers Airbnb assembles about them, penalizes involvement with drugs, alcohol, hate websites or organizations, or sex work; users with low scores are denied service. At Wired, Tom Simonite recounts the first results of the California Consumer Privacy Act (2019), which include exposing data collection by physical retail stores and restaurants.
https://techcrunch.com/2020/01/14/dating-and-fertility-apps-among-those-snitching-to-out-of-control-adtech-report-finds/
https://fil.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/2020-01-14-out-of-control-final-version.pdf
https://noyb.eu/three-gdpr-complaints-filed-against-grindr-twitter-and-the-adtech-companies-smaato-openx-adcolony-and-atts-appnexus/
https://www.engadget.com/2020/01/17/your-online-activity-effectively-social-credit-score-airbnb/
https://www.wired.com/story/stores-must-tell-you-how-theyre-tracking/

Disputes Continue over Sale of .org Registry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A group of internet pioneers led by Esther Dyson, a former chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), has proposed to take over the .org registry as an alternative to the Internet Society's planned sale for $1 billion to newly-formed Ethos Capital, Steve Lohr reports at the New York Times. At EFF, Mitch Stoltz notes that 21,000 people, 660 organizations, and six members of the US Congress have asked ICANN to halt the deal and argues that ICANN should answer many more questions from the community. In two articles at The Register, Kieren McCarthy lays bare the conflicts of interest among those associated with the Ethos deal and reports that ICANN has written to the Internet Society and the registry to halt the sale and demand greater transparency. In a third article, McCarthy examines the 2.3 million-name Colombian .co registry, which has issued tender requirements that actively exclude everyone in the market except the US-based registry operator Afilias.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/07/technology/dot-org-private-equity-battle.html
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/01/icann-needs-ask-more-questions-about-sale-org
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/09/org_preservation/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/14/icann_org_redacted/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/15/colombia_dot_co_afilias/

UK: Counter-terrorism Police Place Extinction Rebellion on Extremist List
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK's counter-terrorism police listed Extinction Rebellion alongside neo-Nazi groups and a pro-terrorist Islamist group in a guide to extremist ideological threats that should be reported to the authorities via Prevent, a program that requires police officers, government organizations, and teachers to report those who might commit terrorist acts, Vikram Dodd and Jamie Grierson report at the Guardian. At The Times, Fariha Karim reports that the same list also included Greenpeace, PETA, and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. In a follow-up, the Guardian reports that although the police quickly recalled the leaflet, home secretary Priti Patel defended the group's inclusion. At Byline Times, GP Adnan Siddiqui writes he saw in his Prevent training that the program criminalizes dissent; after explaining its inner workings he concludes it should be scrapped.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/jan/10/xr-extinction-rebellion-listed-extremist-ideology-police-prevent-scheme-guidance
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/police-put-greenpeace-on-extremist-list-with-neo-nazis-00zpl7r05
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/13/priti-patel-defends-inclusion-of-extinction-rebellion-on-terror-list
https://bylinetimes.com/2020/01/16/as-a-gp-attending-prevent-training-i-was-surprised-by-extinction-rebellions-extremist-listing-but-not-shocked/

US: Tech Company CEOs Beg for Antitrust Regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a hearing in front of the US House Antitrust Subcommittee in Colorado, CEOs from companies such as Sonos, Tile, Basecamp, and PopSockets begged lawmakers to rein in Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Apple, complaining that the GAFA companies have copied their services' features and penalized them through algorithm changes, Tony Romm reports at the Washington Post. At CNBC, Lauren Feiner adds that the CEOs characterized this behavior as bullying, and noted that they were taking a risk in speaking publicly. At The Atlantic, Alexis C. Madrigal writes that the culture that made Silicon Valley is changing as companies defend their size and dominance by citing China as a bigger evil whose repression could drown out America's free-speech values.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/01/17/companies-burned-by-big-tech-plead-congress-regulate-apple-amazon-facebook-google/
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/17/sonos-popsockets-complain-to-congress-about-big-tech.html
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2020/01/why-silicon-valley-and-big-tech-dont-innovate-anymore/604969/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Democracy, Climate, and the Loss of Shared Truth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Byline Times, CJ Werleman connects Australia's raging bushfires to its leaders' ties to the coal industry, the opaqueness of political funding, and the pervasive influence of the Rupert Murdoch-dominated, climate change denialist press, which has even accused the Bureau of Meteorology of falsifying its temperature data records. At the Sydney Morning Herald, Zoe Samios and Andrew Hornery report that a News Corporation Australia employee has accused the company of  "irresponsible" and "dangerous" coverage of the fires as part of a "misinformation campaign". In a Sydney Morning Herald op-ed, Chris Zappone writes that the bushfires show that shared truth is essential for democracy to function. At the New York Times, Dana Goldstein analyzes the differences between the social studies textbooks used in Texas and California schools; though they credit the same authors, state-specific editions differ in their treatment of issues such as immigration, gun control, religion, and the history of slavery.
https://bylinetimes.com/2020/01/06/australia-can-only-save-itself-if-it-fixes-the-rot-in-its-political-system/
https://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/dangerous-misinformation-news-corp-employee-s-fire-coverage-email-20200110-p53qel.html
https://www.smh.com.au/world/oceania/australia-s-bushfires-show-why-democracy-requires-shared-truths-20200110-p53qf1.html
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/01/12/us/texas-vs-california-history-textbooks.html

How China Built Its Technological Powerhouse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this special report, The Economist's Hal Hodson surveys technology in China, studying state subsidies, legal issues, and sector weaknesses to show how the country has built its capabilities and technological access, and how its capacity for developing new technologies is changing. The report includes articles on IP law in China, the role of state subsidies, and its increasing expertise in microchip design, especially for AI applications. Separately, in a blog posting Andres Guadamuz discusses a Chinese court's ruling that articles generated by artificial intelligence are protected by copyright.
https://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2020/01/02/with-the-states-help-chinese-technology-is-booming
https://www.technollama.co.uk/chinese-court-rules-that-ai-article-has-copyright

Four Lessons from Ten Years of Crowdsourcing Eyewitness Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Correspondent, Esra'a Al Shafei outlines four lessons from ten years of work on Bahrain-based CrowdVoice, a platform to crowdsource eyewitness accounts from protests all over the world. Among them: eyewitness testimony and evidence-based reporting are crucial, and these depend on large networks and anonymity.
https://thecorrespondent.com/227/wisdom-of-the-crowd-four-lessons-from-10-years-of-documenting-social-movements/256407845914-c6d77eb3

Russia Poses Stealthier Threat to US 2020 Presidential Election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Matthew Rosenberg, Nicole Perlroth and David E. Sanger examine the stealthier tactics Russia's intelligence agencies are set to deploy for the 2020 US presidential election. While defenses have improved since 2016, many of the same vulnerabilities remain, and new attackers, such as Iran, have entered the field. Widespread distrust means the fear of an attack could be as dangerous as the reality.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/us/politics/russia-hacking-disinformation-election.html

Brexit Endangers the EU's Unitary Patent Court
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Register, Kieren McCarthy explains the arguments being heard in the German Constitutional Court that could kill the planned European Unitary Patent Court. Very few recognize that the risk is serious, he writes; among other arguments, the complaint contends that the court's legitimacy rests on support from the three compulsory signatories which jointly generate most of Europe's patents - France, Germany, and the UK, which will shortly no longer be an EU member. The UPC was expected to be operational in early 2021.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/16/single_european_patent/

The Inherent Conservatism of Artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the LA Review of Books, Cory Doctorow discusses Molly Sauter's 2007 proposition that AI and machine learning are inherently conservative. Empiricism-washing, he writes, "is the top ideological dirty trick of technocrats everywhere"; he concludes that far more important than what technology does is "who it is doing it for and who it is doing it to".
http://blog.lareviewofbooks.org/provocations/neophobic-conservative-ai-overlords-want-everything-stay


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

ECogS 2020
----------------------------------------
March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/papers-2020.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 10, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The next issue of this digest will be published on the second Thursday of January 2020. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

NEWS
=====

Cambridge Analytica Files Show Worldwide Electoral Manipulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
An anonymous Twitter account, @HindsightFiles, has posted the first tranches of an expected 100,000 files sourced from ex-Cambridge Analytica employee Brittany Kaiser, Carole Cadwalladr reports at the Guardian. The tens of thousands of files so far released provide links to elections in Malaysia, Kenya, and Brazil, and suggest that Cambridge Analytica was working for a political party in Ukraine in 2017. The former head of the UK's MI6 Russian intelligence, Christopher Steele, tells the Guardian the fact that bad actors have not been punished in any country means the prospects for manipulation of the 2020 US presidential election are even worse. At the Washington Post, Ellen Nakashima reports that the US military is exploring options for information warfare tactics to use against Russian officials and oligarchs if they seek to interfere in the 2020 presidential election.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/jan/04/cambridge-analytica-data-leak-global-election-manipulation
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/us-cybercom-contemplates-information-warfare-to-counter-russian-interference-in-the-2020-election/2019/12/25/21bb246e-20e8-11ea-bed5-880264cc91a9_story.html

South Africa: Copyright Bill Attracts Review of US Trade Benefits
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Office of the US Trade Representative will review South Africa's eligibility for Generalized System of Preferences benefits following a petition from the International Intellectual Property Alliance, which opposes the copyright bill that has been awaiting the South African president's signature for eight months, law professors Sean Flynn and Jonathan Band report at InfoJustice. The US trade program gives developing countries extra tariff reductions. Among the Alliance's complaints are a provision for fair use, the right to use excerpts in education, and protections for local creators.
https://theconversation.com/making-sense-of-south-africas-new-copyright-bill-and-us-trade-threats-128418

France: Tax Authorities May Trawl Personal Social Media Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The French Constitutional Court has ruled that customs and tax authorities will be allowed to review individuals' social media profiles, posts, and photographs to look for tax avoidance, the BBC reports. After protests from the data protection regulator CNIL and human rights groups, the court added some limitations: social media content that is password-protected is off-limits, and authorities may only use information individuals divulge about themselves. The BBC also reports that Google will pay France almost €1 billion in back taxes and fines to end a four-year investigation.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-50930094
https://www.bbc.com/news/business-49674544

EU: Enforcement Fails General Data Protection Regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A year and a half after the EU's General Data Protection Regulation came into force, a lack of enforcement and regulators' failure to cooperate across borders on investigations lead critics to doubt that the law will be able to rein in the big technology companies, Nicholas Vinocur reports at Politico. Helen Dixon, the Irish data protection regulator, dissents, saying investigations under a complex, untested law take time. At Reuters, Ricardo Bito reports that Brazil's Ministry of Justice has fined Facebook BRL6.6 million ($1.6 million) for improperly sharing user data with the app "thisisyourdigitallife".
https://www.politico.eu/article/we-have-a-huge-problem-european-regulator-despairs-over-lack-of-enforcement/
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-brazil-fine/brazil-fines-facebook-1-6-million-for-improper-sharing-of-user-data-idUSKBN1YY0VK

Lawsuits Seek to Block California's Gig Economy Employment bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Uber and Postmates are suing the state of California to stop Assembly Bill 5, which provides employment protections to gig-economy workers, from taking effect, Joel Rosenblatt and Ellen Huet report at Bloomberg. The companies argue that the bill is unconstitutional because its list of exemptions - truck drivers, commercial fishermen, travel agents, direct salespeople, and grant writers - is ill-defined and unpredictable. At the Sacramento Bee, Sophia Rollag reports that freelance journalists are suing the state over their inclusion in the bill, which requires publications to class anyone producing more than 35 articles or photos for them as an employee. In December, Vox Media CEO John Ness announced in SBNation that the company would end its contracts with California-based freelancers but encouraged them to apply for newly-created part-time and full-time posts.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-12-31/uber-postmates-sue-california-to-block-landmark-gig-worker-law
https://www.sacbee.com/news/politics-government/capitol-alert/article238479503.html
https://www.sbnation.com/2019/12/16/21024100/thank-you-california

TikTok Issues First Transparency Report
----------------------------------------------------------------------
TikTok's first transparency report shows that the company received 298 legal requests for information from 28 countries, and 26 requests to remove or restrict content from nine countries, Zoe Schiff reports at The Verge. India led the requests for information (107) followed by the US (79); India also led on requests for content blocking (11). No requests came from China, where TikTok is not available despite its ownership by a Chinese company, ByteDance. TikTok took down 85% of content reported for copyright infringement. At Wired, Louise Matsakis notes the report's omissions, such as the potential for China to influence content by shaping moderation rules and the implementation of community guidelines. At NetzPolitik, Markus Reuter and Chris Köver find that TikTok's moderators systematically suppress content by disadvantaging it in search results or keeping it out of the algorithmic feed users see when they log in. At the Guardian, Lily Kuo reports that 17-year-old Feroza Aziz's videos were blocked after she used a make-up tutorial to highlight Beijing's treatment of Muslims in Xinjiang. Finally, at TechCrunch, Josh Constine reports that ByteDance, which also owns the China-only Douyin video apps, has built technology allowing users to create their own deepfakes, though the feature has not (yet) been released.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/12/31/21044876/tiktok-china-transparency-report-bytedance-takedown-requests-zero
https://www.tiktok.com/safety/resources/transparency-report
https://www.wired.com/story/tiktok-first-transparency-report/
https://netzpolitik.org/2019/cheerfulness-and-censorship/#spendenleiste
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/28/tiktok-says-sorry-to-us-teenager-blocked-after-sharing-xinjiang-videos
https://techcrunch.com/2020/01/03/tiktok-deepfakes-face-swap/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

India Leads the World's Democracies in Internet Shutdowns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the BBC, Shadab Nazmi highlights India's world-leading number of internet shutdowns; 2019 through mid-December saw 96 of these, largely in response to protests against India's new citizenship law, which forces Muslims to prove their right to remain in the country. The Internet Shutdown Tracker portal, run by the Software Freedom Law Center, shows that the longest shutdown is in Kashmir - 153 days and continuing. Other notable shutdowns in 2019 included Assam, some districts in West Bengal, and even parts of the capital city, Delhi. At BuzzFeed, Pranav Dixit gives details of the Delhi shutdown, in which police ordered all major carriers to stop all "voice, SMS, and internet" services.
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-india-50819905
https://internetshutdowns.in/
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/pranavdixit/to-prevent-protests-against-an-anti-muslim-law-indias

"Pink Slime" Websites Masquerade as Local News
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A network of hundreds of partisan websites are masquerading as local news outlets and disseminating algorithmically-generated articles and a smaller number of reported stories in order to manipulate US public opinion, the Columbia Journalism Review reports. Media discoveries of about 200 of these sites sparked an investigation by the Tow Center for Digital Journalism at the Columbia Journalism School, which traces the networks back to conservative businessman Brian Timpone, whose company became known in 2012 for low-cost automated generation of stories with faked bylines and quotes (dubbed "pink slime"); the sites are coopting the empty space left by the closure of many genuine local newspapers.
https://www.cjr.org/tow_center_reports/hundreds-of-pink-slime-local-news-outlets-are-distributing-algorithmic-stories-conservative-talking-points.php

Scholars Begin Fightback Against Predatory Publishing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Nature, 43 leading scholars from ten countries take a first step toward combating predatory publishing by agreeing a definition of the term. Among the characteristics they included are: false or misleading information such as fake impact factors; lack of transparency; aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation; and deviation from best editorial and publication practices.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-03759-y

Oncologist Debunks DeepMind's AI Breast Cancer Screening Accuracy Claim
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Twitter thread, Vinay Prasad, an oncologist and associate professor, explains the problems with Google DeepMind's widely-reported claim to have developed a deep neural network that can read mammograms more accurately than radiologists. The goal of cancer screening, Prasad writes, is to find treatable cancers; Google's research measured the AI's detection of biopsy-proven cancers. A proper study will be expensive and require years to conduct.
https://twitter.com/VprasadMDMPH/status/1212840987363442689

Price-Fixing Lawsuit Strangled Ebooks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, MSNBC's Rachel Maddow highlights TheSoul Publishing, a Cyprus-based Russian entertainment company that commands the third-largest audience on YouTube, after Disney and Warner, yet only began its activities in 2015. Many of the videos published on channels such as Bright Side and 5-Minute Crafts are odd, and become counter-factual when they stray into commentary on the US and Russia; they are, however, highly popular money-makers. At Lawfare, Lisa Kaplan provides the background reporting Maddow drew upon; including screenshots from videos that have since being removed. TheSoul is also active on Facebook, where data collection and targeted advertising may be more important motivations.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=klFdOyQq79Y
https://www.lawfareblog.com/biggest-social-media-operation-youve-never-heard-run-out-cyprus-russians

CEOs Urge Companies to Embrace Wider Social Values
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium posting, Ross LaJeunesse, former head of international relations at Google, explains that he left the company after 11 years because he realized that it would never embrace human rights or work to change its bullying workplace culture. At Harvard Business Review, Mara Zepeda and Jennifer Brandel discuss a recent statement issued by leading CEOs that pushes companies to stop focusing on maximizing shareholder returns as their sole corporate purpose. Zepeda and Brandel suggest that startups need alternatives to venture capital funding; new founders should learn from Zebras Unite, a movement made up of companies that prioritize mutualism, shared prosperity, and social good, and believe there should be more public/private collaborations. In a working paper, Stanford Law professsors Mark Lemley and Andrew McCreary suggest ways for the technology industry to replace exit strategies with the goal of building enduring independent companies.
https://medium.com/@rossformaine/i-was-googles-head-of-international-relations-here-s-why-i-left-49313d23065
https://hbr.org/2019/09/we-need-more-startups-that-dont-prioritize-growth-above-all-else
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3506919


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection continues the tradition of  offering the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

ECogS 2020
----------------------------------------
March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/papers-2020.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending December 14, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The next issue of this digest will be published on the second Thursday of January 2020. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EPIC, medConfidential, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

China: Scientists Seek to Predict Facial Structure from DNA Samples
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Chinese scientists, along with others elsewhere, are working on DNA phenotyping, a technique to derive a person's facial image from their DNA, Sui-Lee Wee and Paul Mozur report at the New York Times. Ethics experts fear the technology will be used to justify and intensify racial profiling and other types of discrimination against Uighurs, who are required to submit DNA samples as part of a mandatory health check program. The BBC reports that China also now requires facial scans as a condition of registering for mobile phone service so all internet users can be matched to their real-life identities. At the South China Morning Post, Sarah Dai discovers that in several residential neighborhoods the Chinese government is trialing a face-scanning system in public bins, to oversee a new garbage sorting program, and social housing, to block illegal subletting.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/03/business/china-dna-uighurs-xinjiang.html
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-50587098
https://www.scmp.com/tech/policy/article/3020977/chinas-facial-recognition-mania-now-extends-public-housing-and-trash

Gamer Social Media Offer Abusers Access to Young People
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Games like Minecraft and Fortnite, along with the gamer social media platform Discord, provide pedophiles and abusers with an easy way to dupe young people into sharing sexually explicit photos and videos of themselves, Nellie Bowles and Michael H. Keller report at the New York Times. Some perpetrators groom thousands of victims, while the companies concerned have little incentive to tackle the issue. It's believed that the vast majority of cases are never reported.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/07/us/video-games-child-sex-abuse.html

UK: Election Sees Political Parties Exploit Data and Social Media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group has sent the UK's Conservative, Labour, and Liberal Democrat parties a letter threatening legal action if they do not cease processing the data pertaining to three individuals, Carole Cadwalladr reports at the Guardian. ORG claims that abuse of personal data is a systemic issue in British politics. In two articles at New Statesman, Chris Stokel-Walker analyzes the main UK parties' advertising media choices in the run-up to the December 12 general election: on YouTube the Conservatives seek mass coverage, while on Facebook Labour targets voters and engagement. At BuzzFeed News, Alberto Nardelli reports that for €300 NATO Stratcom bought 3,530 comments, 25,750 likes, 20,000 views, and 5,100 followers across Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram to test their ability to detect potentially malicious activity. The newly-released study finds that after four weeks, 80% of these purchased engagements were still online, and after three weeks 95% of a sampling of fake accounts reported to the companies remained active. In a series on digital campaigning, the Guardian examines the demographics the British parties are targeting and how voters follow the news on their smartphones.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/09/campaigners-threaten-uk-parties-with-legal-action-over-data-processing
https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/media/2019/12/tories-are-spending-big-youtube-ads-here-s-why
https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/election-2019/2019/12/facebook-jeremy-corbyn-getting-all-attention
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/albertonardelli/facebook-twitter-google-manipulation-nato-stratcom
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/series/the-digital-campaign

Journal Publishers Rethink Consent in View of Surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Journal publishers Wiley and Springer Nature will reevaluate papers they have published on ethnic minority groups in China after the Belgian engineering professor Yves Moreau raised concerns in a Nature article, Benedicte Page reports at The Bookseller. As DNA databases and surveillance continue to grow, publishers are putting in place stricter requirements for obtaining consent, to ensure that research papers do not put vulnerable populations at increased risk.
https://www.thebookseller.com/news/publishers-vow-new-checks-china-surveillance-research-1128121

UK Health System Sells Patient Records to Pharmaceutical Companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK Department of Health and Social Care's licensing arm, Clinical Practice Research Datalink, sold millions of NHS patient records to companies such as Merck, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Eli Lilly, Toby Helm reports at the Guardian. The discovery follows the leak of UK-US trade negotiation documents indicating that the "free flow of data" is a top priority for the US. Campaigning organization medConfidential queries whether the transfers were consensual, safe, and transparent. Also at the Guardian, Amy Walker reports that a UK government contract gives Amazon free rein to use NHS health care information to enable Alexa to offer expert health advice to users on systems, causes, and definitions of conditions, and other content, which Amazon may freely share with third parties and use to develop new products and applications. Privacy International, which obtained the contract under an FOI request, finds a lack of transparency and warns that it allows Amazon to use NHS information for advertising and marketing.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/07/nhs-medical-data-sales-american-pharma-lack-transparency
https://privacyinternational.org/long-read/3298/alexa-what-hidden-behind-your-contract-nhs

New South Wales Police Obtain International Warrant for Simon Davies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Australian police have been unable to locate long-time high-profile privacy advocate Simon Davies since issuing, in September 2016, an international arrest warrant listing 18 child sexual and indecent assault offenses relating to four teenage boys between 1981 and 1987, the BBC reports. In a statement, Privacy International, which Davies co-founded and left in 2010, said that during his time at PI neither board nor staff had any knowledge of suspicions against him and the organization did not work with children.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-50714406


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

The Democratic Dilemma in Banning Terrorist Organizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this document, the UK's Independent Terrorism Reviewer, Jonathan Hall, publishes the text of his November 26 talk to the Israel Democracy Institute on the democratic dilemmas inherent in designating terrorist organizations, a legal power in operation in both the UK and Israel. The lack of any system for removing organizations from the terrorism list makes the decision to add them inevitably political. He believes the power should be retained, but that it may be too blunt to deal with evolving threats such as those posed by right-wing extremist groups. The new power to designate "no-go areas" has been picked up by Australia and Denmark, and is being considered in the Netherlands. At the Jerusalem Post, Yonah Jeremy Bob reports more of Hall's remarks and the ensuing discussion.
https://terrorismlegislationreviewer.independent.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/191126-Israel-Talk-.pdf
https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/UK-counter-terror-official-We-can-learn-from-Israel-about-opposing-terror-609107

Opportunities for Education Lurk in EU Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Communia, Teresa Nobre explains the mandatory exception for digital and cross-border education incorporated in Article 5 of the 2019 EU Copyright Directive and suggests how it should be implemented in transposing legislation. Countries have an opportunity to move beyond the law and improve existing exceptions.
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/12/05/implementing-new-eu-exception-digital-cross-border-education/

Don't Be Evil
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this audio clip at Slate, Financial Times assistant editor Rana Foroohar is interviewed about Don't Be Evil, her new book about the big technology companies' betrayal of their founding principles. The book was sparked by discovering that just 10% of companies hold 80% of worldwide corporate wealth because of their data holdings. At the Guardian, John Naughton reviews Foroohar's book and surmises its lesson may be that Big Tech has already become "too big to fail".
https://slate.com/podcasts/live-at-politics-and-prose/2019/12/rana-foroohar-book-dont-be-evil
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/nov/03/dont-be-evil-review-rana-foroohar-tech-giants-too-big-to-fail

Experts Disagree on DNS-over-HTTPS Implementation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, computer scientist Paul Vixie discusses the history of the domain name system (DNS), which he helped implement, and the planned move to route DNS queries over the secure web protocol HTTPS (DoH), which Mozilla, Google, and Cloudflare are proposing to turn on by default. DoH gives users greater security against monitoring and interception, as EFF argues in a letter urging US lawmakers to support it, but, Vixie says, it poses genuine problems for those managing private networks.
https://youtu.be/LYosersEBoM
https://www.eff.org/press/releases/eff-and-partners-urge-us-lawmakers-support-new-doh-protocol-more-secure-internet

South Africa: President Should Enact Copyright Reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Business Day, Andrew Rens and Achal Prabhala argue that the South African president, Cyril Ramaphosa, should sign the long-awaited copyright reform bill without further delay. Until the law comes into force, visually impaired people are blocked from accessing information, musicians struggle to collect the royalties they are owed, media creators lack freedoms granted in other countries, and students struggle to afford textbooks. The country is also awaiting action on agreed changes to patent policy.
https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/opinion/2019-12-05-no-reason-for-president-to-delay-urgently-needed-copyright-law/

Reengineering Social Media for the Public Interest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for the Columbia Journalism Review, Ethan Zuckerman imagines what the web would look like if it were designed to serve the public interest, drawing on the history of radio to suggest alternative models for social media network design. At Buzzfeed, Cameron Wilson profiles the difficulties facing the untrained volunteers who run neighborhood Facebook groups, which function as combined town square, Neighborhood Watch, and emergency information service. At EDRi, observer Homo Digitalis profiles a previously unknown Facebook content moderation center in Athens. At the New York Times, Annalee Newitz sets out in search of ways to back the public sphere at risk from today's social media and finds suggestions for new business models (science fiction writer John Scalzi), "slow media" (Safiya Noble), and algorithm-generated new rules (Janelle Shane's GPT-2). In a Reddit AMA, Jimmy Wales discusses how his new social network WT.Social, which will survive on at-will donations from its users, will handle the thorny questions that other social media have struggled with.
https://www.cjr.org/special_report/building-honest-internet-public-interest.php
https://www.buzzfeed.com/cameronwilson/neighbourhood-facebook-groups-bushfires-defamation-fights
https://edri.org/shedding-light-on-the-facebook-content-moderation-centre-in-athens/
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/30/opinion/social-media-future.html
https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/e52r7u/iama_jimmy_wales_founder_of_wikipedia_now_trying/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection continues the tradition of  offering the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/papers-2020.html

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 29, 2019
====================================================


The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Access Now, Amnesty International, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, Center for Democracy and Technology, Creative Commons, Dejusticia, EFF, EU DisinfoLab, Free Software Foundation, Internet Archive, Public Knowledge, Wikimedia.


NEWS
=====

Internet Society Privatizes .org Generic Top-Level Domain Registry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Internet Society has announced it will sell the .org generic top level domain name registry to the private equity firm Ethos Capital, after which Public Interest Registry, the owner of .org since 2003, will discard its non-profit status, Kieren McCarthy reports at The Register. The sale follows the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers decision to lift price caps on .org domains for the next ten years. At The Longest Now, Sam Klein calls the decision a race toward regulatory capture and provides additional background. At its blog, EFF details its six months of efforts to persuade ICANN to remove contract provisions that make it easier for authorities to censor NGOs' websites. A coalition of organizations including EFF, Free Software Foundation, Internet Archive, Creative Commons, Public Knowledge, Wikimedia, and numerous others representing museums, the Scouting movement, volunteers, and non-profits have sent an open letter asking the Internet Society to reconsider. Organizations and individuals may sign on at the Save Dot Org website.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/11/20/org_registry_sale_shambles/
https://blogs.harvard.edu/sj/2019/11/23/a-tale-of-icann-and-regulatory-capture-the-dot-org-heist/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/11/nonprofit-community-stands-together-protect-org
https://www.eff.org/document/coalition-letter-sale-public-interest-registry
https://savedotorg.org/

UK: AI Use Exacerbates Racism and Disempowerment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new algorithmic tool for categorizing prisoners in UK jails risks automating and embedding racism, exacerbating the problems exposed in a 2017 review by the Labour MP David Lammy, Croften Black warns in a new report for the Bureau of Investigative Journalism. At UK Authority, Michael Cross summarizes the objections of UK Supreme Court Justice Lord Philip Sales to digital government depersonalization of public services, which turns individuals into powerless "serfs".
https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2019-11-14/prisoner-risk-algorithm-could-program-in-racism
https://www.ukauthority.com/articles/judge-sounds-serf-warning-on-digital-public-services/

Russian Law Requires Domestic Software on New Devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Under a new law, Russia will ban the sale of an as-yet unpublished list of smartphones, computers, and smart TVs that do not include preinstalled Russian software, the BBC reports. Bill co-author Oleg Nikolayev claims the intention is to show users there are Russian alternatives to Western software; critics fear that the requirement will lead manufacturers to withdraw from the Russian market and that the software will be used to spy on users.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-50507849

INTERPOL Specialist Group Seeks to Ban End-to-End Encryption
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the behest of the US Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 37th meeting of the INTERPOL Specialists Group on Crimes against Children issued a draft resolution banning end-to-end encryption and blaming the technology industry for child exploitation, Sean Gallegher reports at Ars Technica.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/11/think-of-the-children-fbi-sought-interpol-statement-against-end-to-end-crypto/

Fake Local Media Outlets Seek to Spread Indian Influence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A coordinated network of 265 fake local media outlets in more than 65 countries is managed by India's Srivastava Group in order to influence institutions and elected representatives, provide NGOs with press material, and influence public perceptions of Pakistan, EU DisinfoLab reports. The lab will soon publish a full report and welcomes contributions.
https://www.disinfo.eu/2019/11/13/uncovered:-265-coordinated-fake-local-media-outlets-serving-indian-interests/

Big Tech Business Models Depend on Systematic Violation of Human Rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new report from Amnesty International argues that Google's and Facebook's business models fundamentally depend on constant surveillance and systematic violation of human rights, and that while their power has so far kept governments and regulators from holding them accountable, the era of self-regulation is ending,  Christine Fisher reports at Engadget. In another new report, Dejusticia analyzes the privacy policies of 30 companies with data-driven business models active in Colombia to identify practices overlooked by the country's data protection regime. At Slate, Elena Botella examines leaked documents to reveal that Facebook gains $132.80 in revenues per US or Canadian user. At The Correspondent, Jesse Frederik and Maurits Martijn present data showing that we actually do not know whether online advertising works.
https://www.engadget.com/2019/11/21/facebook-google-amnesty-international-human-rights/
https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/pol30/1404/2019/en/
https://www.dejusticia.org/en/publication/accountability-of-google-and-other-data-driven-business-models-data-protection-in-the-digital-age/
https://slate.com/technology/2019/11/facebook-six4three-pikinis-lawsuit-emails-data.html
https://thecorrespondent.com/100/the-new-dot-com-bubble-is-here-its-called-online-advertising/13228924500-22d5fd24


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Proposals Favor Geoblocking Open Access Research
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE, Martin Eve argues that we should resist proposals to use geoblocking to limit access to the countries that were involved in funding research and its publication or to countries that have strong open access policies. Giving in to insularity impedes the benefits of research and compromises the moral argument for open access.
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2019/11/11/if-we-choose-to-align-open-access-to-research-with-geo-political-borders-we-negate-the-moral-value-of-open-access/

Health Care Provider Ascension Hires Google to Manage Patient Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this radio clip and transcript at NPR, Shannon Bond discusses the $2 billion contract under which Google manages clinical data collected by Ascension, a large Catholic health care system that operates hospitals and doctors' offices in 20 US states and Washington, DC. Ascension and Google respond that Google is not allowed to use the data, which is kept encrypted, for advertising or research. The news broke a few days after Reuters reported that Google will acquire Fitbit for $2.1 billion, promising that Fitbit users' health and wellness data will not be used for ads.
https://www.npr.org/2019/11/14/779208282/google-health-data-project-under-scrutiny
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-fitbit-m-a-alphabet-idUSKBN1XB47G

Privacy-Related Organizations Accept Funding from Google and Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg, Daniel R. Stoller investigates Google's and Facebook's donations to think tanks and NGOs that work on privacy issues, and suggests the donations influence these organizations' work with legislators and journalists. The seven organizations listed are: Center for Democracy and Technology, Future of Privacy Forum, Access Now (total donations $208,000), EFF ($30,000), Brookings Institution, Cato Institute, and American Enterprise Institute.
https://news.bloomberglaw.com/privacy-and-data-security/facebook-google-donate-heavily-to-privacy-advocacy-groups

Digital Technologies Threaten Academic Freedom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this forum from International Studies Perspectives, researchers examine various aspects of the impact of online centralization, censorship, and surveillance on scholarship. In order to avert the threats to academic freedom being brought by harassment, exploitation, centralized infrastructure, monitoring via "smart" campuses and classrooms, and anti-terrorism initiatives, it is increasingly essential to improve "digital hygiene".
https://academic.oup.com/isp/advance-article/doi/10.1093/isp/ekz016/5584393

Global Players Fund African Fintech Sector
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz article, Yomi Kazeem surveys the state of the fintech sector in Africa, where 66% of the adult population are unbanked and for whom new companies and technologies offer an opportunity for financial inclusion. In Kenya, financial inclusion has risen to 83% since M-Pesa mobile money launched in 2007. Entrants into these markets include startups backed by American giants PayPal, Visa, Stripe, and Mastercard alongside others backed by Chinese companies and investors. In a Twitter thread, Ruby on Rails creator David Heinemeier Hansson reports that the Apple Card's algorithm assigned him 20 times the credit limit offered to his wife even though they file joint returns, have been married a long time, and live in a community property state. At the New York Times, Yiren Lu explains the workings in China of WeChat's miniprograms, which offer easy access to payment processing for small and medium-sized businesses moving online.
https://qz.com/africa/1751701/everything-you-need-to-know-about-african-fintech/
https://twitter.com/dhh/status/1192540900393705474
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/13/magazine/internet-china-wechat.html

How to Identify AI Snake Oil
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at IEEE Spectrum, Janelle Shane, author of You Look Like a Thing and I Love You, explains to Eliza Strickland that the narrower the problem the AI is asked to solve, the smarter it will seem. At BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes Princeton computer scientist Arvind Narayanan's guide to recognizing AI snake oil. Narayanan divides current AI into three categories: perception (making rapid progress), automating judgment ("imperfect but improving"), and predicting social outcomes ("fundamentally dubious").
https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/robotics/artificial-intelligence/blogger-behind-ai-weirdness-thinks-todays-ai-is-dumb-and-dangerous
https://boingboing.net/2019/11/21/debullshitifying-ai.html

White Nationalists Operate Openly on Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Guardian, Julia Carrie Wong reports on the open operations of white nationalists on Facebook and the company's refusal to take action to stop them. Active groups such as Red Ice TV, now banned from YouTube, and VDare, the Affirmative Right, and American Free Press, as well as two Holocaust denial organizations, have longstanding Facebook pages. Despite critics' objections, Facebook includes Breitbart News on its list of trusted sources of information.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/21/facebook-white-nationalists-ban-vdare-red-ice


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy," and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research ñ to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San JosÈ, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

Twitter Employees Charged with Spying for Saudi Arabia
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Justice has arrested and charged two Twitter employees with spying for Saudi Arabia by accessing the company's information on dissidents who use the platform, Ellen Nakashima and Greg Bensinger report at the Washington Post. The case is significant both because Twitter is Saudi's de facto public space (according to Human Rights Watch researcher Adam Coogle) and because court papers link at least one of the spies to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. At YCombinator's Hacker News, a Twitter employee who worked with one of the arrestees describes the tools they had available and efforts to fix them.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/former-twitter-employees-charged-with-spying-for-saudi-arabia-by-digging-into-the-accounts-of-kingdom-critics/2019/11/06/2e9593da-00a0-11ea-8bab-0fc209e065a8_story.html
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=21470898

WhatsApp Sues NSO Group
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook's WhatsApp subsidiary has launched a lawsuit in a California court against the Israeli cyber-weapons company NSO Group claiming that the company's technology was used to attack more than 1,400 of its users, Stephanie Kurchgaessner, Nick Hopkins, and Oliver Holmes report at the Guardian. At least 100 of those users were democracy activists, journalists, and academics, whom the company warned privately when it discovered the attacks. At Reuters, Christopher Bing and Raphael Satter report that Citizen Lab, which worked with WhatsApp to identify the hacking targets, found that among them were high-profile government and military officials spread across at least 20 countries on five continents.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/01/whatsapp-hack-is-serious-rights-violation-say-alleged-victims
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-cyber-whatsapp-nsogroup/exclusive-whatsapp-hacked-to-spy-on-top-government-officials-at-u-s-allies-sources-idUSKBN1XA27H

India Commissions Facial Recognition Database to Link to Aadhaar
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Indian National Crime Records Bureau has published a 172-page document requesting bids from companies to build what is likely to become one of the world's biggest facial recognition databases, Glyn Moody reports at Privacy News Online. The database would be a single, central resource accessible to police in the country's 29 states and seven union territories. At Reuters, Rina Chandran adds that Indian authorities say the country is severely under-policed, and needs facial recognition technology to compensate. At Comparitech, Paul Bischoff reports that its latest survey of the world's top 100 most-surveilled cities, based on the number of CCTV cameras per 1,000 residents, finds that eight of the top ten are Chinese; the others are London (placed sixth) and Atlanta (tenth). Also high-ranked are the Indian cities of Delhi and Chennai. Comparitech finds little correlation between the number of public CCTV cameras and crime or safety.
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2019/11/beyond-aadhaar-india-wants-to-create-a-giant-centralized-facial-recognition-database/
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-tech-facialrecognition-trfn/mass-surveillance-fears-as-india-readies-facial-recognition-system-idUSKBN1XH0S9
https://www.comparitech.com/vpn-privacy/the-worlds-most-surveilled-cities/

Data-Driven Policing Leads to Racial Profiling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Data-driven policing is leading to racial profiling, the European Network Against Racism finds in a new report. Authors Eric Kind and Patrick Williams find that new technologies such as mobile fingerprinting scanners, crime analytics, social media monitoring, and mobile phone extraction will disproportionately add to the over-policing of minority communities, even though law enforcement agencies present them as race-neutral, unbiased, and objective. The research was supported by the OSF Information Program and Open Justice Initiative,
https://www.enar-eu.org/Data-driven-policing-is-leading-to-racial-profiling

Internet Archive Helps Expand Wikipedia's Sourcing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new initiative by the Internet Archive is allowing Wikipedia to improve its reliability by providing a two-page preview of books cited as sources, Klint Finley reports at Wired. The Archive's Wayback Machine has scanned 3.8 million books, with more millions waiting, and is digitizing other analog media; also, its InternetArchiveBot tool scans Wikipedia for broken links and adds links to stored copies in the Wayback Machine. In a blog posting, Archive founder Brewster Kahle says books are critical to informing "a generation of digital learners". In a speech to the Indian Young National Academy of Science, longtime activist Carl Malamud outlines his efforts to grant Indian scientists the scientific literature access they need to conduct text and data mining, and calls the ongoing "colonization of knowledge" a "moral travesty".
https://www.wired.com/story/internet-archive-wikipedia-more-reliable/
https://blog.archive.org/2019/10/29/weaving-books-into-the-web-starting-with-wikipedia/
https://public.resource.org/speech.inyas.20191106.pdf (PDF)

Abuse Drives Female Politicians to Resign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Women in early political careers make up a disproportionately large number of the 70-plus British MPs who are standing down in the December 12 general election, Frances Perraudin and Simon Murphy report at the Guardian. Many highlight the abuse, threats, and intimidation that have become part of their daily lives as politicians. At the Washington Post, Meagan Flynn reports that in her resignation speech Congresswoman Katie Hill cited the double standards and "misogynistic culture" that led her to resign after her estranged husband gave her nude images to conservative news sites without her consent.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/oct/31/alarm-over-number-female-mps-stepping-down-after-abuse
https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/10/28/after-resigning-rep-katie-hill-vows-battle-revenge-porn-which-critics-blame-her-downfall/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

EFF Urges Adoption of DNS-over-HTTPS
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this press release, EFF urges the US Congress to support implementing DNS-over-HTTPS (DoH), a protocol for encrypting domain name system (DNS) requests that Mozilla and Google are incorporating into web browsers, in order to embed encryption more deeply into the internet, thereby improving privacy and impeding governments' ability to track and censor people. At Ars Technica, Timothy B. Lee explains why ISPs are largely opposed: DoH will remove some of their control. An Open Rights Group report released in June welcomes encrypted DNS, but argues that turning it on should always be a user choice. In a net.wars posting, Wendy M. Grossman outlines the UK controversy over implementing DoH: ISPs are opposed to DoH because it will increase centralization and disable some of their security techniques, and others because it will break the workarounds used to block access to child abuse images.
https://www.eff.org/press/releases/eff-and-partners-urge-us-lawmakers-support-new-doh-protocol-more-secure-internet
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/09/isps-worry-a-new-chrome-feature-will-stop-them-from-spying-on-you/
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/about/reports/dns-security-getting-it-right
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2019/05/namesakes_1.html

Active Russian Facebook Influence Operation Targets African Countries
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, the Stanford Internet Observatory summarizes its new paper documenting the connections between Yevgeny Prigozhin, best known for running the Internet Research Agency troll farm, and an active Facebook influence operation targeting Libya, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madascar, Mozambique, and Sudan. The operation also leverages public WhatsApp and Telegram groups.
https://cyber.fsi.stanford.edu/io/news/prigozhin-africa

Twitter and Facebook Take Opposite Approaches to Political Advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Julia Carrie Wong discusses Twitter's decision to ban political advertising as the UK's politicians campaign for re-election and the US 2020 presidential race ramps up, raising the pressure on Facebook to do likewise. Separately, Wong reports Facebook's decision to exempt politicians from third-party fact-checking because it "believes in freedom of expression". In a video clip at CNBC, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) pushes Zuckerberg to explain his company's policies on disseminating false information. In a second clip at C-Span, Joyce Beatty (D-OH) probes Facebook's commitment to diversity. At the New Yorker, Sue Halpern discusses the difficulty of regulating narrowcast political ads and calls Mark Zuckerberg's free speech argument a deceptive use of the word "free". At the New York Times, Siva Vaidhyanathan argues we need legislation to force companies to cease using personal data for microtargeting. Based on his six months as head of global elections integrity for Facebook, Yaël Eisenstat argues in the New York Times that because Facebook's profits depend on amplifying lies and selling targeting tools, tinkering with advertising policies won't work. Finally, in an EDRi blog post summarizing UN Special Rapporteur David Kaye's sixth report on information and communication technology, Ella Jakubowska outlines his specific recommendations to help states and Internet companies comply with the fundamental principles of human rights when designing efforts to control online hate speech.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/30/twitter-ban-political-advertising-us-election
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/10/facebook-trump-politics-technology-zuckerberg
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/10/23/aoc-grills-zuckerberg-over-facebook-allowing-lies-in-political-ads.html
https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4824601/user-clip-rep-beatty-questions-zuckerberg-diversity-housing-practices-10-23-19
https://www.newyorker.com/tech/annals-of-technology/the-problem-of-political-advertising-on-social-media
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/02/opinion/facebook-zuckerberg-political-ads.html
https://edri.org/hate-speech-online-lessons-for-protecting-free-expression/

Browser Fingerprinting Trumps Privacy Choices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Geoffrey A. Fowler explains browser fingerprinting, an increasingly-used form of online tracking that is difficult for internet users to avoid, even if they use a VPN or turn on private browsing mode. Sites even exploit the choice to turn on "Do Not Track" to uniquely identify visitors. Fowler identifies 183 popular sites that use fingerprinting, and asks 30 to explain why.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/10/31/think-youre-anonymous-online-third-popular-websites-are-fingerprinting-you/

Child Abuse Victims Suffer as Their Images Continue to Circulate
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Michael H. Keller and Gabriel J.X. Dance discuss the case of two sisters who are haunted by the photos and videos of their childhood abuse, which their father posted online ten years ago and which have been found in over 130 child sexual abuse investigations this year alone. Despite the decade-old existence of PhotoDNA, which fingerprints and identifies abuse images, the response from technology companies remains inconsistent, largely unilateral, reactive, and secretive.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/09/us/internet-child-sex-abuse.html

The Loss of the "Good Internet"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Week, Phillip Maciak laments the death of the "good internet", the 2000s era of blogs, new media, and message boards that gave a generation of good, thoughtful writers a chance to start their careers with fresh approaches. Maciak now begins his class on cultural criticism in the digital age with a week of obituaries for sites like Grantland, Gawker, The Awl, and Television without Pity. A Washington Post editorial notes that for the ninth year in a row Freedom House's annual report finds that internet freedom is decreasing worldwide as mass surveillance and government media manipulation continue to rise.
https://theweek.com/articles/875251/good-internet-history
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-internet-gets-less-free--for-the-ninth-year-in-a-row/2019/11/05/ffe3fca0-ff48-11e9-8bab-0fc209e065a8_story.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending October 25, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Oxford Internet Institute, Ranking Digital Rights.


NEWS
=====

UN Special Rapporteur warns of "digital welfare dystopia"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Philip Alston, warns that the world must act quickly to "avoid stumbling, zombie-like, into a digital welfare dystopia", the United Nations Commission on Human Rights reports. Too often, the altruistic claims made for digitizing government benefits services mask the real intention of slashing welfare benefits, installing surveillance, and generating profits for private companies. One of Alston's examples is the Netherlands, whose System Risk Indication system allows central and local government authorities to feed broad categories of previously siloed data about claimants into an undisclosed model to score the likelihood that they will commit benefit fraud. To date, it has been used exclusively in areas with a high proportion of low-income residents, migrants, and ethnic minorities.
https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25156&LangID=E
https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25152&LangID=E

Automated Systems Place Poor People at Increased Risk
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Campaigners in India are finding that benefit support is being withdrawn from the country's most vulnerable citizens whenever there is a glitch - such as an unrecognized thumbprint or a failure to link to the Aadhaar numbering system - leaving them to die of starvation, Rebecca Ratcliffe reports at the Guardian. The story is part of the "Automating Poverty" project, which explores the consequences of increased computerization and algorithmic scoring in government services across the world. In Bristol, UK, an algorithm tries to assess the likely futures of 11 and 12-year-olds based on comparisons to current adults when they were the same age.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/16/glitch-india-biometric-welfare-system-starvation
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/oct/15/bristol-algorithm-assess-citizens-risk-harm-guide-frontline-staff
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/series/automating-poverty
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/14/automating-poverty-algorithms-punish-poor

Human Rights Index Adds Indicators for Transparency in Advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ranking Digital Rights has published draft indicators for transparency and accountability in targeted advertising policies and practices and algorithmic decision making for inclusion in its index, which assesses corporate threats to rights to privacy and freedom of expression, Nathalie Maréchal reports at the RDR's blog. RDR will follow up with a pilot study and welcomes feedback. RDR is also advertising for consultants to undertake a scoping study to inform funding proposals for its new German affiliate.
https://rankingdigitalrights.org/2019/10/18/newindicators/
https://rankingdigitalrights.org/srdrn/rfp-scoping-study/

Hate Speech Detection Systems Display Racial Bias
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at TechCrunch, Devin Coldeway summarizes a research paper that finds widespread racial bias in the training datasets used to develop hate speech detection systems such as Google's Jigsaw algorithm, which flags black American slang as "toxic". In a blog posting at 20 Minutes Into the Future, Daniel Harvey highlights the pattern of using contractors to give technology companies plausible deniability for unsavory practices. His example: to improve the face unlock feature of its Pixel 4, Google increased the diversity of its facial recognition training dataset by sending contractors to US cities and offered $5 certificates in return for scanning faces. In Atlanta, contractors targeted homeless people and low-income students, often without explaining the purpose of the scans or that they worked for Google.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/08/14/racial-bias-observed-in-hate-speech-detection-algorithm-from-google/
https://www.scribd.com/document/421898931/The-Risk-of-Racial-Bias-in-Hate-Speech-Detection
https://20minutesintothefuture.substack.com/p/google-vs-black-people-scandal-in
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2019/10/google-allegedly-used-homeless-train-pixel-phone/599668/

Russian Hacking Group Masquerades as Iranian Cyber-Espionage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Russian "Turla" hacking group has exploited an Iranian cyber-espionage operation to conduct attacks on government and industry organizations in dozens of countries, primarily in the Middle East but including Britain, Al-Jazeera reports. The practice, known as "fourth party collection", has also been used by US and its Western allies, according to documents released by Edward Snowden. Danny Palmer reports at ZDNet that researchers have found that the sophisticated Russian "Cozy Bear" hacking group, also known as "APT29", which was one of the groups that hacked the Democratic National Committee in the run-up to the 2016 US presidential election, has not, as previously thought, ceased operations but has used four new families of malware to target ministries of foreign affairs in at least three European countries, as well as the US embassy of an EU country in Washington, DC. Both Turla and Cozy Bear are thought to be associated with the Russian intelligence service. At Wired, Andy Greenberg recounts the history of Russian hackers' false flags.
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/hacking-hackers-russian-group-hijacked-iran-spy-operation-191021041816789.html
https://www.zdnet.com/article/cybersecurity-warning-this-sophisticated-russian-hacking-group-is-back-in-action-again/
https://www.wired.com/story/russian-hackers-false-flags-iran-fancy-bear/

FBI Traces Child Sexual Exploiters via Bitcoin Payments
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Justice rescued 23 children in abusive situations in the US, Spain, and the UK, arrested 330 people, and seized 8TB of child sexual exploitation videos by tracing $370,000 in bitcoin payments to the Welcome to Video child sexual exploitation site that it closed down in 2018, Merrit Kennedy reports at NPR. The site was hidden on the Tor network, and, prosecutors said, was one of the first of its kind to monetize child exploitation videos by using bitcoin.
https://www.npr.org/2019/10/16/770628069/one-of-the-worst-forms-of-evil-more-than-330-arrested-in-child-porn-site-bust


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Open Access Continues Growth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting summarizing a new study of open access by Heather Piwowar, Jason Priem, and Richard Orr, Our Research finds that green (especially when made available within a year of publication), gold, and hybrid papers receive more views than their closed or bronze counterparts. In 2019, OA articles received 52% of article views, even though only 31% of articles are available as OA. The researchers estimate that by 2025 those numbers will be 70% and 44%.
https://blog.ourresearch.org/future-of-oa/

The Many Ways in Which AI Contributes to Climate Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Roel Dobbe and Meredith Whittaker from the AI Now Institute explore the connections between AI and climate change. The technology sector is expected to contribute 3-3.6% of global greenhouse emissions by 2020, roughly equivalent to aviation and larger than the world's fifth biggest polluting country, Japan. Little of these energy demands are filled by renewables; in 2018 OpenAI reported that the amount of computation used in the largest AI training runs has been doubling every 3.5 months. In addition, companies like Google, Microsoft, and Google are all pitching AI services to fossil fuel companies to help optimize and accelerate fossil fuel production and extraction.
https://medium.com/@AINowInstitute/ai-and-climate-change-how-theyre-connected-and-what-we-can-do-about-it-6aa8d0f5b32c

US House Committee Considers How to Build a Healthier Internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this recorded livestream, the US House Committee on Energy & Commerce holds a hearing on fostering a healthier internet to protect consumers, with testimony from Reddit co-founder and CEO Steve Huffman, recent MacArthur award winner and anti-revenge pornography campaigner Danielle Citron, EFF legal director Corynne McSherry, UC Berkeley's Henry Farid, Google's head of intellectual property policy, Katherine Oyama, and Gretchen S. Peters, the executive director for the Alliance to Counter Crime Online. Among the topics discussed are deepfakes, revenge porn, and the difficulties of content moderation.
https://energycommerce.house.gov/committee-activity/hearings/hearing-on-fostering-a-healthier-internet-to-protect-consumers

School Surveillance Rises in US and UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Lois Beckett examines the rampant growth of school surveillance in the US, where its adoption is being fueled by free offers and the fear of school shootings, and in the UK, where it's being billed as "de-radicalization". A spokesperson for Gaggle, which supplies one of the US systems, argues that school surveillance prepares children for their adult lives of workplace monitoring. At Wired, Tom Simonite examines the growing use of AI-enhanced facial recognition in schools.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/22/school-student-surveillance-bark-gaggle
https://www.wired.com/story/delicate-ethics-facial-recognition-schools/

Women Form Primary Deepfakes Target
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Giorgio Patrini discusses Deeptrace's work researching the evolving capabilities of and threats posed by deepfakes and synthetic media. The lab's latest work finds that the number of deepfake videos has doubled over the last seven months to 14,678, 96% of them non-consensual deepfake pornography that has attracted 134 million views on the top four websites offering videos targeting female celebrities worldwide. This growth is supported by the increasing commodification of tools and services that enable non-experts to create them, particularly in China and South Korea.
https://deeptracelabs.com/mapping-the-deepfake-landscape/

Tackling Misinformation Requires Collective Action
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report from the Oxford Internet Institute, Phil Howard and Lisa-Maria Neudert make four recommendations for tackling the spread of misinformation: governments should verify campaigners and track expenditure, political parties should be more transparent about data sources, social media platforms should create open archives of ads and report on moderation and takedowns, and civil society should act as external auditors. At openDemocracy, Peter Osborne finds that the UK media from the Daily Mail to the BBC are failing to challenge claims made by prime minister Boris Johnson regarding Brexit or to report corrections when they have been proved untrue. Finally, in a WhatsApp-funded study of WhatsApp lynchings in India find that mainstream media act as an accelerant that gives misinformation added credibility, and ideology and prejudice are bigger factors than ignorance or digital illiteracy.
https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/news/releases/collective-action-needed-now-to-tackle-spread-of-disinformation-in-public-life-finds-new-report/
https://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/93/2019/09/CyberTroop-Report19.pdf
https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opendemocracyuk/british-journalists-have-become-part-of-johnsons-fake-news-machine/
https://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/whatsapp-lynching-fake-news-misinformation-study_in_5da89bc9e4b0b5c9be4b067b


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

Tech Giants, Monopoly Power, and Public Discourse
----------------------------------------
November 14-15, 2019
New York, NY, USA
At this symposium, convened by the Knight First Amendment Institute, leading legal scholars, economists, and technologists will examine the extent and nature of the technology giants' ability to structure, shape, and distort public discourse, and consider whether anti-monopoly tools might usefully be deployed to limit, expose, or counter this power. Speakers include Ellen P. Goodman, Lina Khan, Tim Wu, and Ethan Zuckerman.
https://knightcolumbia.org/content/the-tech-giants-monopoly-power-and-public-discourse

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending October 11, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, Oxford Internet Institute.


NEWS
=====

UK and US sign mutual law enforcement data access agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US attorney general, William Barr, and UK's Home Secretary, Priti Patel, have signed an agreement to allow law enforcement agencies to demand access to certain data directly from the other country's technology companies, bypassing the lengthy and cumbersome inter-government Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty process, Julia Carrie Wong reports at the Guardian. At EFF, Katitza Rodriguez and Camille Fischer argue that the deal will "trample" cross-border privacy safeguards by enabling the countries to bypass each other's legal regime, and note that the enabling legislation is, in the US, the CLOUD Act, and, in the UK, the Investigatory Powers Act and the 2019 Crime (Overseas Production Orders) Act, all of which EFF opposed. Wong also reports that the US, UK, and Australia will pressure Facebook to create a backdoor in its encrypted messaging apps to allow governments direct access to the content of communications.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/03/facebook-surveillance-us-uk-australia-backdoor-encryption
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/10/race-bottom-privacy-protection-us-uk-deal-would-trample-cross-border-privacy

Russia begins installing isolationist internet option
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Alexander Zharov, the head of Russia's federal communications regulator, Roskomnadzor, has confirmed to the press that under the Russian Internet Law (RuNet) president Vladimir Putin signed into law earlier in 2019 equipment is being installed on the networks of the country's major telecom operators that will operate an alternative domain name system and steer traffic away from non-Russian servers, Zak Doffman reports at Forbes. "Combat" testing is expected to begin during the month of October. The "RuNet" network is supposed to be deployed only in cases where the system's integrity, stability, or security is "in danger".
https://www.forbes.com/sites/zakdoffman/2019/09/24/russia-begins-installing-equipment-to-cut-its-access-to-world-wide-web/#639083136574

UK: Police build secret database to combat radicalization
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK's counter-terrorism police have been secretly sharing details of thousands of individuals referred to the government's anti-radicalization Prevent program via the National Police Prevent Case Management database, which is accessible to all police forces in all parts of the UK as well as the Home Office, Jamie Grierson reports at the Guardian. Prevent was intended to be a voluntary program that diverted people from terrorism before they commit a crime; individuals are not informed when they are added to the database. In 2017-2018, 7,318 people were referred to Prevent by public servants such as teachers, police, or doctors; 57% were age 20 or younger, and 2009 were under 16. Only 394 were deemed to need specialist support. Also at the Guardian, Nosheen Iqbal reports that the Prevent program, the Home Office, and the Office for Security and Counter-Terrorism have spent more than £9 million to quietly fund groups that run online platforms, workshops, and events aimed at young Muslims.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/oct/06/counter-terror-police-are-running-secret-prevent-database
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/sep/15/lifestyle-website-for-muslim-teens-is-covertly-funded-by-the-home-office

France: Google declines to pay publishers to link to news stories
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Rather than pay licensing fees to French news organizations, Google will remove the previews accompanying links to news stories unless publishers actively request their inclusion, Timothy B. Lee reports at Ars Technica. In passing its transposition of the copyright directive enacted by the EU earlier this year, France hoped that Google would pay licensing fees. Instead, Google's move is expected to reduce traffic to news sites, exactly as happened when similar legislation was tried in Spain. Google notes that it derives no revenues from linking to news stories. At Politico, Laura Kayali reports that some press publishers have estimated that Facebook's and Google's market power in online advertising costs their sector €250-320 million per year.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/09/despite-new-law-google-refuses-to-pay-to-link-to-french-news-sites/
https://www.politico.eu/article/licensing-agreements-with-press-publishers-france-google/

China: Applicants for mobile phone numbers must pass facial recognition check
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has announced that from December 1 signing up for mobile and data services will require a facial recognition identification test, Jane Li reports at Quartz. MIIT says the requirement, an expansion of the real name registration system China launched in 2013, is part of its efforts to control fraud and safeguard citizens in cyberspace; citizens will also not be allowed to pass their numbers on to others.
https://qz.com/1720832/china-introduces-facial-recognition-step-to-get-new-mobile-number/

Singapore: "Fake news" law comes into effect
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The new Singaporean Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill came into force on October 2, James Griffiths reports at CNN. Individuals may face fines of up to SGD50,000 ($36,000) or up to five years in prison, with those sanctions doubling if the alleged falsehood is posted using a fake or bot-controlled account. Companies may be fined up to SGD1 million ($735,000). Government ministers can decide whether to order takedown or an annotated correction, though they must explain why the alleged misinformation is false. Human Rights Watch Asia expects the law to be abused for political purposes. Other countries that have introduced or are considering similar legislation include Australia, the UK, and Fiji.
https://edition.cnn.com/2019/10/02/asia/singapore-fake-news-internet-censorship-intl-hnk/index.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Wikipedia edit war erupts over Taiwan coverage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the BBC, Demos researcher Carl Miller, author of The Death of the Gods, finds that Wikipedia's coverage of Taiwan has become the forum for an edit war comprising 1,600 edits across 22 politically sensitive entries. Chinese officials and academics, Miller writes, are pursuing a campaign to systematically correct what they believe to be Wikipedia's anti-Chinese biases. The campaign is extending to personal attacks on Wikipedia editors.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-49921173

Faculty value for outreach not reflected in promotion criteria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Erin C. McKiernan, Juan Pablo Alperin, and Lesley A. Schimanski discuss their three years of research to find ways to reform academic review, promotion, and tenure (RPT), as many faculty cite concerns about these types of evaluations as important factors limiting their adoption of open access, open data, and open scholarship practices. Their work finds a mismatch between the language in RPT policy documents and what faculty actually value, such as readership and reach. This research was supported by the Open Society Foundations.
https://sfdora.org/2019/09/30/opportunities-for-review-promotion-and-tenure-reform/

Manipulation of public opinion is a global problem
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this press release, Philip Howard and Samantha Bradshaw of the Oxford Internet Institute summarize their new report taking inventory of the use of algorithms, automation, and big data to shape public life and find that manipulation of public opinion is a global problem that has spread to 70 countries, 45 of them democracies. Seven countries - China, India, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela - are the source of foreign influence operations, while 25 countries work with private companies or communications firms that offer "computational propaganda" as a service. Facebook remains the platform of choice for social media manipulation. At Buzzfeed News, Jeremy Singer-Vine and Kevin Collier find that 1.3 million comments to the US Federal Communications Commission website opposing network neutrality in 2017 were fakes posted by political operatives.
https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/news/releases/use-of-social-media-to-manipulate-public-opinion-now-a-global-problem-says-new-report/
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/jsvine/net-neutrality-fcc-fake-comments-impersonation

CJEU ruling opens door for upload filters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Eleonora Rosati discusses the October 3 ruling from the Court of Justice of the European Union that holds that an intermediary such as Facebook can be ordered to remove, worldwide, content that is identical and equivalent to content that has been found illegal. The case originated in Austria in 2018, when the politician Eva Glawischnig-Piesczek sought an injunction to force Facebook to remove disparaging statements made about her in a user's public comment. EDRi argues that the ruling opens the door for "upload filters" on all online content, damaging freedom of expression. In a blog posting, the legal firm Hunton Andrews Kurth analyzes the CJEU's decision in late September in Google v. CNIL that a country can require that platforms apply the right to dereferencing (the "right to be forgotten") worldwide, but should take into account a number of factors regarding the person, the offense, and the public interest.
https://ipkitten.blogspot.com/2019/10/breaking-cjeu-rules-that-intermediary.html
https://edri.org/cjeu-ruling-could-open-the-door-for-upload-filters/
https://www.huntonprivacyblog.com/2019/09/26/cjeu-rules-right-to-be-forgotten-on-google-limited-to-the-eu-in-landmark-case/

New software license seeks to give developers control
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Wired, Klint Finley discusses Coraline Ada Ehmke's proposed new "Hippocratic license", intended to give open source developers a way of exerting control over how their software is used. Tying the "do no harm" license to existing international human rights standards, she hopes, will reduce the uncertainty inherent in defining "harm". The license still needs to pass a legal review and there are compatibility issues to be solved.
https://www.wired.com/story/open-source-license-requires-users-do-no-harm/

TikTok becomes vector for Chinese foreign policy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Alex Hern finds from leaked documents detailing the moderation guidelines for the video-sharing app TikTok that the app's owner, ByteDance, is using it to advance Chinese foreign policy aims abroad. Among the types of content that are either deleted or marked so only the original poster can see them are criticisms of China's socialist system, controversial topics such as separatism, protests such as Tiananmen Square, and 20 "foreign leaders or sensitive figures". ByteDance says the version the Guardian saw was retired in May and that the current guidelines do not reference specific countries or issues. At FFWD, Chris Stokel-Walker expands on the story to discuss how foreign governments should respond.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/sep/25/revealed-how-tiktok-censors-videos-that-do-not-please-beijing
https://ffwd.medium.com/taiwan-is-restricting-chinese-video-apps-like-tiktok-for-fear-of-disinformation-cc0a46f62af0


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

MozFest
----------------------------------------
October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "Healthy AI".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

Tech Giants, Monopoly Power, and Public Discourse
----------------------------------------
November 14-15, 2019
New York, NY, USA
At this symposium, convened by the Knight First Amendment Institute, leading legal scholars, economists, and technologists will examine the extent and nature of the technology giants' ability to structure, shape, and distort public discourse, and consider whether anti-monopoly tools might usefully be deployed to limit, expose, or counter this power. Speakers include Ellen P. Goodman, Lina Khan, Tim Wu, and Ethan Zuckerman.
https://knightcolumbia.org/content/the-tech-giants-monopoly-power-and-public-discourse

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending September 27, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Amnesty International, Bits of Freedom, Citizen Lab, EDRi, MIT Media Lab, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

Fallout from Epstein scandal continues at MIT
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a contentious September 18 meeting led by president Rafael Reif, MIT faculty debated the institute's acceptance of funding from Jeffrey Epstein, Susan Svriuga reports at the Washington Post. Fifty female faculty members protested MIT's cultural habit of undervaluing women. Held over for later discussion is a proposal to establish a committee to protect academic integrity. On September 12, in a post at Medium MIT, scientist Selam Jie Gano responded to Epstein-related comments sent to a Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) mailing list by angrily calling for the removal of Free Software Foundation founder and MIT visiting professor Richard Stallman. Five days later, Richard Lawler reported at Engadget that Stallman had resigned from both MIT and the Free Software Foundation. At Wired, journalist Virginia Heffernan picks apart the "sausage-fest" intellectual pretensions of the members of Epstein-connected literary agent John Brockman's mostly-male Edge Network, which she joined in 2009 and left in 2016. On September 20, Lisa Song reported at ProPublica that the allegedly non-functional food computer produced by MIT Media Lab's Open Agriculture Initiative is also a polluter that has dumped dangerous levels of nitrogen into local waterways.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/09/19/mit-faculty-responds-epstein-scandal-calling-culture-change-greater-accountability/
https://medium.com/@selamie/remove-richard-stallman-fec6ec210794
https://www.engadget.com/2019/09/17/rms-fsf-mit-epstein/
https://www.wired.com/story/an-end-to-pornography-sophistry-and-panty-raids/
https://www.propublica.org/article/mit-media-lab-kept-regulators-in-the-dark-dumped-chemicals-in-excess-of-legal-limit

Digital lending brings debt and data exploitation to Kenya
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The rising uptake of digital lending across Kenya is profiting from pushing tens of thousands of people into debt and leaving them open to data exploitation exploiting their data, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. Google has begun blocking apps that promote short-term personal loans, which account for four of the ten most popular apps in Kenya. Part of the blame may lie with permissive regulations that exempt digital lenders from the restrictions that apply to banks.
https://qz.com/africa/1712796/mobile-loans-apps-tala-branch-okash-face-scrutiny-in-kenya/

Period-tracking apps send data to Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a new report, Privacy International finds that at least two popular period-tracking apps, Maya and MIA Fem, shared intimate details of their users' sexual health and activity with Facebook and other entities via the Facebook Software Development Kit, Marie C. Baca reports at the Washington Post. The apps began sharing data as soon as they were opened, before users could consent to the privacy policies. The New York Times reports that unsealed Massachusetts court filings show that Facebook has suspended 69,000 apps, many for not cooperating with Facebook's investigation into their behavior; 10,000 were suspended for improperly gathering users' personal information.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/09/10/these-apps-may-have-told-facebook-about-last-time-you-had-sex/

Use of AI tools for surveillance expand across the globe
----------------------------------------------------------------------
According to a new report from the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, at least 75 countries are actively using AI tools such as facial recognition for surveillance, Matt O'Brien reports at AP News. Much of the technology is supplied around the world by Chinese technology companies, led by Huawei and Nikvision, followed by Japan's NEC, and US-based IBM, Palantir, and Cisco. Many of the projects cited in the report, written by Boise State University associate professor Steven Feldstein, are "smart city" systems.
https://apnews.com/d1f77d3dd2684d7e8d7d47cbd192d8dd

Copyright law threatens freedom of public information
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A preliminary ruling from the Court of Justice for the European Union has raised the possibility that public documents could be censored because of copyright law, Diego Naranja reports at EDRi. The case involved the publication of German military reports. The Court stated that copyright as claimed by the German government would only apply if the reports are an intellectual creation, and said it is up to Member States to decide case by case how to apply copyright exceptions and limitations while balancing fundamental EU rights such as freedom of information. Naranja fears that the decision may mean that national parliaments deciding how to implement the "upload filter" provision in the 2019 Copyright Directive may block documents of public relevance from public authorities in order to avoid similar judicial disputes. Also at EDRi, Bits of Freedom argues that the Dutch government should display greater ambition in transposing the Directive to protect the rights of internet users as much as possible.
https://edri.org/cjeu-public-documents-could-be-censored-because-of-copyright/

NSO Group changes policy to respect human rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Following reports from Citizen Lab that NSO Group's software had been used to target political activists in Mexico, UAE, and Saudi Arabia, the Israel-based company has announced it will abide by UN guidelines to prevent rights abuses, Steven Scheer reports for Reuters. Based on the company's history, Amnesty International is skeptical that the company's change of policy will make a difference.
https://uk.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-rights-nso/cyber-spying-firm-nso-to-follow-human-rights-guidelines-idUKKCN1VV11S


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Deepfakes and the threat to democracy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview and TED talk video clip, Boston University professor Danielle Citron discusses Deepfake videos and the threat they pose to the 2020 US presidential election. Writing with Robert Chesney, Citron has proposed legal changes to the role of intermediaries, as well as self-regulation and education. In an essay at the Guardian, William Davies argues that the source of our inability to agree on facts is not filter bubbles but the fact that direct access to data, and the loss of curation or framing makes it harder, not easier, to discern which points matter.
http://www.bu.edu/articles/2019/qa-laws-danielle-citron-warns-that-deepfake-videos-could-undermine-the-2020-election/
https://www.ted.com/talks/danielle_citron_how_deepfakes_undermine_truth_and_threaten_democracy
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/sep/19/why-cant-we-agree-on-whats-true-anymore

Sidewalk Labs Toronto plan threatens democratic governance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Ellen P. Goodman summarizes the first expert review of the master innovation and development plan for a section of the Toronto waterfront published by Sidewalk Labs, a Google sibling, in June. The 15-member multidisciplinary Digital Advisory Strategy Advisory Panel to Waterfront Toronto's preliminary review finds that the plan is insufficiently explicit, fails to explain how it will meet the project's goals, lacks privacy protection and data governance, and gives Sidewalk too great a share of the intellectual property. Goodman notes that her forthcoming paper with Julia Powles shows how the consultation and development process leading to the published plan threatened democratic governance and illustrated the problems with tech-centered urbanism.
https://medium.com/@ellgood/sidewalk-toronto-tech-the-master-plan-6d8f76419945
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3390610

The toxic relationship between us and our smartphones
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Maria Farrell outlines the many ways in which our relationship with our phones and electronic devices is abusive. Today, we love but do not trust our phones. In the future changed financial and political ecosystem she imagines, we could do both.
https://conversationalist.org/2019/09/13/feminism-explains-our-toxic-relationships-with-our-smartphones/

China: Social credit targets businesses first
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Alexandra Stevenson and Paul Mozur outline China's efforts to amass data about companies from public and private sources - government data, court decisions, environmental records, copyright violations, payroll data, political affiliations - and use it to grade businesses and their managers. Low-scoring companies can be banned from borrowing money, and their executives barred from traveling. Although social credit has yet to materialize for individuals on a mass scale, 33 million businesses have been given initial evaluations by the central economic planning agency, and the country hopes to make it a nationwide regulatory tool to keep the business world under party control.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/22/business/china-social-credit-business.html

Economics of Uber don't add up
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this latest in a series of 21 postings analyzing Uber at Naked Capitalism, transport expert Hubert Horan reviews Super Pumped!, Uber's history as told by New York Times reporter Mike Isaac, who has broken many stories about the company. Isaac is readable and factually correct, Horan writes, but fundamentally misunderstands that Uber is not a successful company that was nearly undone by a reckless, boundary-pushing CEO but that of a subsidized, predatory company whose CEO's antics were board-approved and that will never recoup the $20 billion it has lost because it has no power to transform its industry in order to grow into profitability. At The New Republic, Maureen Tkacik studies a different case of managerial disaster: the 20-year-long profound change in managerial focus from safety and problem-solving to financialization that, helped by oblivious regulators and deadly software, led to the Boeing 737 MAX's two crashes earlier this year. The story shows how security and integrity of supply chains will be increasingly crucial in building - and, decades later, debugging - the hybrid cyber-physical systems of the future.
https://www.nakedcapitalism.com/2019/09/hubert-horan-can-uber-ever-deliver-part-twenty-one-mike-isaacs-book-ignores-economics-and-financial-results-and-gets-the-uber-story-almost-entirely-wrong.html

The privacy-invasive ecosystem of smart TV trackers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, a group of Princeton researchers outline their work to understand the tracking system of over-the-top streaming devices such as the Roku, Amazon Fire, and smart TVs. Although online's major trackers, Google and Facebook, are prominent, these channels are also home to lesser-known trackers such as adrise.tv and monarchads.com, and users have no effective countermeasures.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2019/09/18/watching-you-watch-the-tracking-ecosystem-of-over-the-top-tv-streaming-devices/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

MozFest
----------------------------------------
October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "Healthy AI".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

Tech Giants, Monopoly Power, and Public Discourse
----------------------------------------
November 14-15, 2019
New York, NY, USA
At this symposium, convened by the Knight First Amendment Institute, leading legal scholars, economists, and technologists will examine the extent and nature of the technology giants' ability to structure, shape, and distort public discourse, and consider whether anti-monopoly tools might usefully be deployed to limit, expose, or counter this power. Speakers include Ellen P. Goodman, Lina Khan, Tim Wu, and Ethan Zuckerman.
https://knightcolumbia.org/content/the-tech-giants-monopoly-power-and-public-discourse

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

TITCTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
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June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
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June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
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June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
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June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

DEF CON 28
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August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
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August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

86th World Library and Information Congress
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August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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