News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 27, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, InternetLab, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

False Claims of US Election Fraud Circulate on Social Media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Disinformation about voter fraud has been repeatedly plugged by influential social media accounts for months, led by US president Donald Trump, Marianna Spring reports at the BBC. "Stop the Steal" groups on Facebook have amassed more than a million members, although several were removed after users posted threats of violence. Experts are concerned that the public's faith in democracy will be eroded as a result. At the New York Times, Sheera Frenkel reports that the independent Transparency.tube report finds that YouTube videos endorsing false claims of widespread election fraud were viewed more than 138 million times in the week of the election. The BBC reports that Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and government and fact-checking organizations will collaborate to stop COVID-19 vaccine misinformation from circulating. Currently, the Centre for Countering Digital Hate says 95% of such material on social media is not removed. At Reuters, Elizabeth Culliford and Katie Paul report that Facebook estimates that ten to 11 of every 10,000 content views during the third quarter of 2020 included hate speech.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/blogs-trending-55009950
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/18/technology/election-misinformation-often-evaded-youtubes-efforts-to-stop-it.html
https://www.bbc.com/news/technology-55005385
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-content/facebook-estimates-hate-speech-seen-in-1-out-of-1000-views-on-its-platform-idUSKBN27Z2R0

Facebook, Google, and Twitter Oppose Pakistani Censorship Law
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Through the Asia Internet Coalition, which represents numerous technology companies, Facebook, Google, and Twitter have threatened to leave Pakistan because they are alarmed by new censorship laws, the Associated Press reports at The Hindustan Times. The laws give the Pakistan Telecommunication Authority the power to remove and block digital content that poses harm, intimidates, or "excites disaffection" toward the government or hurts the integrity, security, and defense of Pakistan in other ways, and allow for fines of up to $3.14 million for failing to block content deemed to be in violation. Social media companies are also required to provide any information or data in unencrypted format to the country's designated investigation agency.
https://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/google-facebook-and-twitter-threaten-to-leave-pakistan-over-new-rules/story-LIBChHJbeR9Vjy2CYJs9dJ.html

UK: Japan-UK Trade Deal Threatens Privacy Standards
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Politics.co.uk, Open Rights Group executive director Jim Killock summarizes the recently announced UK-Japan deal, which commits the UK to accepting lower privacy standards for data transfers and undermines algorithmic transparency and access to source code, and may limit the right to repair. It also makes intermediary liability contingent on copyright enforcement. The government has provided very little detail to either the public or Parliament. At EDRi, ORG goes into more detail about why the deal is likely to make it impossible for the EU to grant the UK an adequacy ruling under the GDPR.
https://www.politics.co.uk/comment-analysis/2020/11/19/uk-japan-deal-dismantles-uk-s-privacy-protections
https://edri.org/our-work/uk-japan-trade-agreement-violates-data-protection-rights/

Japanese Companies and Banks Experiment with Digital Currencies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
More than 30 Japanese firms including brokerages, telecommunications firms, utilities, and retailers, as well as the country's three biggest banks will experiment next year with providing a private digital currency to promote digitization, Leika Kihara reports at Reuters. In addition, the Bank of Japan plans to issue a digital yen.  In a podcast for FinTech Australia, David Birch, author of The Currency Cold War, discusses the future of digital currencies and the battle for global economic power between the US and China.
https://www.reuters.com/article/banking-digital-currencies-japan/japan-inc-to-begin-experiments-issuing-digital-yen-idINKBN27Z0I6
https://tieronepeople.com/2020/08/18/david-birch-currency-cold-war/

Airports Adopt Facial Recognition for Travelers
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In this article at Policy Options, Tamir Israel reports that airports across the world are embedding facial recognition in border crossings and boarding procedures claiming it will increase efficiency, security, and safety even though the technology is error-prone and racially biased. Israel warns that its adoption as proof of identity or nationality is dangerous for refugees and others and threatens human rights. A report from the Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic documents this adoption, warns of the intrusive surveillance it brings, and calls for a reset. At the Guardian, Katy Fallon reports that Tendayi Achiume, the UN's special rapporteur on racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related intolerance, has called for a moratorium on the use of surveillance technologies including AI lie detector tests, iris scans for refugees, and voice imprinting software in asylum applications. At Papers Please, Edward Hasbrouck says the recent US General Administration Office report on the use of facial recognition on travelers fails to address numerous legal and constitutional issues. At the New York Times, Shira Ovide argues that despite its flaws, given the right policies and oversight facial recognition can be a valuable tool for law enforcement.
https://policyoptions.irpp.org/magazines/november-2020/facial-recognition-is-transforming-our-borders-and-we-are-not-prepared/
https://cippic.ca/en/news/facial_recognition_transforming_our_borders
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/nov/11/un-warns-of-impact-of-smart-borders-on-refugees-data-collection-isnt-apolitical
https://papersplease.org/wp/2020/09/03/gao-report-on-dhs-use-of-facial-recognition-on-travelers/
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/11/technology/facial-recognition-software-police.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Privacy Makes Progress in Brazil
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In this blog posting at EFF, Katitza Rodriguez summarizes InternetLab's fifth annual report on telecom privacy and data protection in Brazil. This edition finds that half of its eight featured telecom providers for mobile and broadband services have made significant progress in data protection since 2019, but notes they also signed non-transparent data-sharing agreements with states and municipalities to help them combat the COVID-19 pandemic. In a joint letter, Access Now and Direitos na Rede Coalition express their concern that three of the nominated directors of the Brazilian Data Protection Authority are members of the armed forces; they ask the European Commission, the Council of Europe, and the Global Privacy Assembly to emphasize the importance of an independent DPA when engaging with the Brazilian government on data protection matters.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/11/internetlabs-report-sets-direction-telecom-privacy-brazil
https://www.accessnow.org/joint-letter-dpa-brazil-military/

OpenStreetMap Has Become Critical Infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Joe Morrison discovers that OpenStreetMap, which was founded as a collaborative atlas by a few British graduate students in 2004, is now critical infrastructure for some of the most-used software and the recipient of investment and contributions from Apple, Facebook, Amazon, and Microsoft. Increasing corporate involvement is creating dissent within OSM's diverse and vibrant community; 1.5 million people have contributed to the atlas, which incorporates 4.5 million changes per day.
https://joemorrison.medium.com/openstreetmap-is-having-a-moment-dcc7eef1bb01

Systemic Racism Inside Scientific Funding
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Cell, Kaful Dzirasa examines systemic racism within US scientific funding despite ten years of effort by the National Institutes of Health to address the problem, and argues that the disproportionate impact of COVID-19 on the black community is further proof of the desperate need for equity.
https://www.cell.com/cell/fulltext/S0092-8674(20)31223-X#%20

Privacy Is Hard
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper for the Journal of Consumer Psychology, Alessandro Acquisti, Laura Brandimarte, and George Loewenstein review streams of social science literature to find that although consumers fundamentally care about online privacy it's prohibitively difficult for individuals to protect themselves. Policy intervention, the remaining option, is often blocked by powerful interests that oppose it. In a paper for New Media & Society, Taj Morse and Michael Birnhack study attitudes towards privacy after death and find that users fall into three groups: one whose preferences and actions match; one who fail to act to implement their interest in privacy, extending the "privacy paradox" after death; and a third who wish to share their data posthumously but also fail to act, which the authors dub the "inverted privacy paradox".
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3688497
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3727874

Big Tech Prepares for Different Joe Biden
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a podcast at Bloomberg, Gigi Sohn explains why Silicon Valley expects to see a different Joe Biden from the one who left the vice-presidency four years ago, though she thinks it will be difficult to find remedies for platform power that Republicans and Democrats can agree on. Sohn would prefer the government to create a regulatory agency to oversee the technology companies rather than break them up.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/audio/2020-11-14/big-tech-prepares-for-different-joe-biden-this-time-podcast

Fixing the Internet: Third-Party Doctrine
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In this third episode of EFF's podcast series, "How to Fix the Internet", Danny O'Brien, Cindy Cohn and Jumana Musa discuss the third-party doctrine, which allows government and law enforcement ready access to communications metadata, where contents of messages require a court order. This hole in US privacy law, originally conceived with physical envelopes in mind but broadly repurposed, enables highly invasive traffic analysis. EFF believes a warrant should be required.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/11/podcast-episode-fixing-digital-loophole-fourth-amendment


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


ONLINE EVENTS

TICTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitizing parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The October 29 event considers what forms of mandatory reporting can help achieve public sector accountability.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Cybersecurity Institute
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of with prominent women in security, a discussion of the security problems in online voting, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the use of location data to end the global sanitation crisis, the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include political influence, a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities, and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include Chinese-US relations after the presidential election, and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
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The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include anticipating future pandemics and a discussion of Michael Baxter's new book, Living in the Age of the Jerk. Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/
https://www.meetup.com/London-Futurists/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime (London time) talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, trust, and converting weather into music.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact-tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
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January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference, CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 13, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EFF, Ian Brown, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

US Elects Democrat Joe Biden as 46th President
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Multiple US media outlets have projected that Joe Biden will be the 46th president of the United States, defeating incumbent Donald Trump, Marguerite Reardon reports at CNet. Reardon considers Biden's potential influence on technology policy, including infrastructure, broadband deployment, security, digital divide, intermediary liability, and monopolistic practices. At Substack, Matt Stoller surveys, more specifically, Biden's possible approach to bringing antitrust actions against the companies. At AdWeek, Scott Nover suggests that Biden will push tougher enforcement on antitrust, privacy, misinformation, and China, while resurrecting network neutrality. At Law360, Dani Kass says that Biden's record on intellectual property and recent statements suggest he will protect US IP via trade enforcement and anti-piracy measures and tackle drug pricing (despite his history of favoring Big Pharma).
https://www.cnet.com/news/biden-beats-trump-heres-what-it-means-for-tech/
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/how-would-president-biden-approach
https://www.adweek.com/media/what-to-expect-how-a-biden-administration-would-tackle-tech-policy/
https://www.law360.com/ip/articles/1321697

US Department of Justice Files Antitrust Complaint Against Google
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Justice, joined by 11 states, has issued an antitrust suit against Google, the largest against a technology company since its late-1990s complaint against Microsoft, Brian Fung reports at CNN. The suit alleges that Google pays billions of dollars a year to device and browser manufacturers to be their default search engine, allowing it to own or control roughly 80% of search queries in the US. At The Conversation, Hemant K. Bhargava suggests that the agreement under which Google pays Apple $8 to $12 billion a year to make its search engine the default on iOS is itself potentially illegal behavior - on the part of Apple. At Substack, Matt Stoller calls the case a "carbon copy" of the DoJ's Microsoft complaint and calls it a stunning victory for anti-monopolists. At Netzpolitik, Brussels journalist Alexander Fanta and Ingo Dachwitz publish their study of Google's strategic funding of the media industry. Since 2013, Google has handed €200 million in cash to leading media companies, as well as funding fellowships, media conferences, and journalism research, all while resisting political efforts to force the company to share advertising revenues with the publishing industry. The Free Press Journal reports that the US Federal Trade Commission could follow up with an antitrust suit against Facebook by the end of November that could force the company to unwind past acquisitions of Instagram and WhatsApp. Separately, the EU has sent a statement of objections to Amazon over the use of seller data and has begun a second antitrust investigation into Amazon's possible preferential treatment of its own retail offers and those of marketplace sellers that use the company's fulfillment and delivery services.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/25/technology/apple-google-search-antitrust.html
https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/20/tech/doj-google-antitrust-case/index.html
https://theconversation.com/google-antitrust-case-suggests-apple-should-be-in-the-department-of-justices-crosshairs-too-148691
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/10/antitrust-suit-against-google-watershed-moment-0
https://mattstoller.substack.com/p/the-google-suit-were-all-anti-monopolists
https://twitter.com/FantaAlexx/status/1320626012372242432
https://netzpolitik.org/wp-upload/2020/10/AH103_Google_Executive_Summary_ENG.pdf
https://www.freepressjournal.in/world/antitrust-probe-us-federal-trade-commission-could-sue-facebook-by-november-end-says-report
https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_20_2077

California Legislation Increases Data Protection Rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US state of California has passed Proposition 24, the California Privacy Rights Act, which adds to the 2019 California Consumer Privacy Act, Sara Morrison reports at Vox. The CPRA grants additional rights and closes loopholes in the earlier law, and also makes it harder to weaken legislatively. At CNN, Sara Ashley O'Brien reports that California also passed Proposition 22, which exempts Uber, DoorDash, and Lyft from classifying drivers as employees. Labor and union organizers, who opposed the proposition, are concerned it will lower labor standards across the entire delivery and logistics industry.
https://www.vox.com/2020/11/4/21534746/california-proposition-24-digital-privacy-results
https://www.cnn.com/2020/11/04/tech/california-proposition-22/index.html

Transnational Digital Repression Spreads Across the World
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Saudi Arabia, China, and Rwanda, among others, lead the world in transnational digital repression, Citizen Lab reports, based on an annotated bibliography it has compiled of summarized relevant media reports, technical reports, and academic literature on states' use of digital tools to exert pressure on citizens living abroad to constrain dissident political or social action. Further research is needed to understand how to address this repression once identified, and to understand the impact on targets.
https://citizenlab.ca/2020/11/annotated-bibliography-transnational-digital-repression/

Canadian Internet Regulation Bill Expands Regulation of Speech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Canada's Internet Regulation bill is expected to grant the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission extensive new powers to regulate internet-based video streaming services, including mandating payments to support Canadian content production and discoverability requirements, Michael Geist reports at his blog. Geist, who characterizes the bill as "get money from web giants", argues that all of these proposed reforms are based on fictions but do represent significant new regulation of speech.
https://www.michaelgeist.ca/2020/11/heritage-minister-steven-guilbeaults-get-money-from-web-giants-internet-regulation-bill-an-unauthorized-backgrounder/

Open Rights Group Launches Legal Action Against UK Information Commissioner's Office
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and UCL academic Michael Veale have launched a legal action against the UK's Information Commissioner's Office over the latter's decision in September  2020 to close their complaint against the adtech industry practice of real-time bidding, Carly Page reports at Forbes. Veale and ORG executive director Jim Killock brought the original complaint in September 2018; in June 2019 the ICO found the adtech industry to be in breach of data protection law. The ICO said it wanted to avoid placing undue pressure on any industry during the coronavirus crisis.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/carlypage/2020/11/05/uk-privacy-watchdog-faces-legal-action-for-quietly-closing-adtech-gdpr-complaint/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this YouTube page, the Internet Governance Forum has posted videos of the pre-events for this year's meeting. Of particular interest are a session on stalkerware and helping victims of domestic violence, and another on child rights, safety, and lessons from the pandemic led by Baroness Beeban Kidron, whose 5Rights Foundation advocates for children's privacy.
https://www.youtube.com/user/igf/videos
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rc3qQAraKDU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QwcFLbU93fw

Chinese Draft Data Protection Law Follows Lead of GDPR
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at LinkedIn, Gabriela Zanfir-Fortuna summarizes China's draft data protection law. Most of the 13 key points she picks out loosely match provisions in the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, such as the right to access, copy, correct, complete, delete personal information and get explanations. The new law will apply to all companies offering services and products inside China or analyzing the activities of people inside China; fines may be as high as 5% of a company's turnover.
https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/chinas-draft-personal-information-protection-law-13-zanfir-fortuna

The Face of Facebook in India Resigns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Mumbai Mirror, Kunal Purohit discusses the resignation of Facebook India's public policy head, Ankhi Das, after reports linked her to India's ruling BJP party. Purohit chronicles her nine years of acting as the company's chief lobbyist in its biggest global market; she was hired to protect the company from government regulation. However, over time her role grew to include influence over numerous other departments, including content moderation. At Fast Company, Alex Pasternack profiles the work of former Facebook ads team employee James Barnes, who in 2016 worked for the Trump campaign's Project Alamo data operation and in 2020 turned his inside knowledge to building a system to motivate young Democratic-leaning voters to turn out to vote.
https://mumbaimirror.indiatimes.com/others/sunday-read/when-fb-lost-face/articleshow/78973906.cms
https://www.fastcompany.com/90570689/acronym-james-barnes-facebook-2020-campaign-advertising

Five Myths About Misinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, sociologist Brendan Nyhan debunks five myths about misinformation. He finds that filter bubbles are often overstated, that most people have varied information diet, that the "backfire effect" is exaggerated, and that most people can distinguish between truth and distortion. The bigger problem, he concludes, that partisanship undermines accountability.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/five-myths/five-myths-about-misinformation/2020/11/06/b28f2e94-1ec2-11eb-90dd-abd0f7086a91_story.html

Interoperability as a Tool to Boost Competition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Jonathan Todd summarizes Ian Brown's new research paper on interoperability as a tool to give the EU the means to boost competition in digital markets. Requiring the largest platforms to implement interoperability would force them to compete on the merits of their products and services, enable new market entrants to offer real choice, and enable society to benefit from network effects without giving any one provider market power.
https://www.ianbrown.tech/2020/10/01/interoperability-as-a-tool-for-competition-regulation-2/
https://www.openforumeurope.org/publications/ofa-research-paper-interoperability-as-a-tool-for-competition-regulation/

Section 230, Intermediary Liability, and Competition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a posting for Verfassungsblog, cyber rights lawyer Mike Godwin discusses the political and legislative background of intermediary liability, enshrined in Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which is under review in the US Congress. If the goal is competition among content hosting companies, he writes, best not to alter S230, as today's most successful companies are best placed to adapt, while biased content moderation leaves a market opening for a new service.
https://verfassungsblog.de/on-publishers-carriers-and-bookstores/1


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


ONLINE EVENTS

TICTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitizing parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The October 29 event considers what forms of mandatory reporting can help achieve public sector accountability.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Cybersecurity Institute
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of with prominent women in security, a discussion of the security problems in online voting, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the use of location data to end the global sanitation crisis, the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include political influence, a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities, and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include Chinese-US relations after the presidential election, and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include anticipating future pandemics and a discussion of Michael Baxter's new book, Living in the Age of the Jerk. Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/
https://www.meetup.com/London-Futurists/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime (London time) talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, trust, and converting weather into music.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact-tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date in 2021 TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference, CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending October 23, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Access Now, Article 19, Citizen Lab, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, EFF, Fundación Karisma, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, R3D, SPARC, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung.


NEWS
=====

China Publishes Draft Data Protection Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
China has published its draft data protection law, Cao Siqi and Chen Qingqing report at Global Times. Companies in violation could face fines of up to CNY50 million ($7.4 million), or 5% of their previous year's turnover; however legal experts say the law does not provide significant punishment for data breaches. Infrastructure operators and entities that send significant amounts of personal information overseas will require a security assessment from the Chinese authorities.
https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1203363.shtml

Five Eyes Alliance Calls for Encryption Backdoors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Members of the Five Eyes intelligence sharing alliance, along with government representatives for Japan and India, have published a statement calling on technology companies to come up with a solution for providing law enforcement access to end-to-end encrypted communications, Catalin Cimpanu reports at ZDNet. The call for backdoors includes encrypted instant messaging, custom encrypted applications, device encryption, and encryption across integrated platforms. In response, the Global Encryption Coalition, whose members include ACLU, Article 19, Citizen Lab, Derechos Digitales, EFF, Fundación Karisma, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, R3D, and Stiftung Neue Verantwortung, calls the statement "ill-considered".
https://www.zdnet.com/article/five-eyes-governments-india-and-japan-make-new-call-for-encryption-backdoors/
https://www.globalencryption.org/2020/10/cdt-gpd-and-internet-society-reject-time-worn-argument-for-encryption-backdoors/

New Cambridge Analytica Documents Show Electoral Lawbreaking
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Campaign Legal Center has filed a complaint with the US Federal Election Commission that the 2016 campaign to elect Donald Trump broke election rules by coordinating behind the scenes with the Super PAC Make American Number 1, Garance Burke reports at AP. The complaint is based on a new cache of documents obtained from former Cambridge Analytica insider Brittany Kiser. Both the Super PAC and Cambridge Analytica were owned by billionaire Robert Mercer. In a Twitter thread, Carole Cadwalladr, who originally broke the Cambridge Analytica story, ties together details of the case relating to the UK's 2016 EU referendum vote: the documents show that Aggregate IQ, which was contracted by Dominic Cummings for the pro-Leave campaign, was, despite many denials, operating as a single entity with Cambridge Analytica.
https://apnews.com/article/election-2020-donald-trump-political-action-committees-elections-campaigns-42a5705b23bbbc780083f57b071bbcb0
https://twitter.com/carolecadwalla/status/131737980318456627

Sandvine Equipment Used for Internet Censorship in Fifteen Countries
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US private equity-based company Sandvine has sold its network traffic management equipment to governments in Belarus, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Egypt, Eritrea, Jordan, Kuwait, Pakistan, Qatar, Russia, Sudan, Thailand, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan, who have used it to impose politically motivated censorship of the internet, Ryan Gallegher reports at Bloomberg. Sandvine has canceled its end user license agreement with Belarus, calling the country's use of its equipment "a human rights violation", and US Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL) has called on the company to reassess its deals in other countries where its equipment could be used to limit internet freedom.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-10-08/sandvine-s-tools-used-for-web-censoring-in-more-than-a-dozen-nations

Pandemic Fuels Worldwide Digital Repression
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Political leaders worldwide are using the pandemic as a pretext to limit access to information, censor criticism, build new technological systems of social control, and expand surveillance, Adrian Shahbaz and Allie Funk find in the latest Freedom House report. Even before the pandemic, this year had already seen numerous blocks on independent news sites and arrests on dubious charges of spreading misinformation, as well as a trend toward splintering the internet. In a blog posting, Reuters Institute fellow Richard Allan, director of policy in Europe for Facebook between 2009 and 2019, discusses the hard choices that must be made to solve the conflict between data protection laws and the desire for free data flows. The Economist reports that a new study finds a link between the rise of populist parties and incumbents' loss of support, and the rise in mobile internet access since 2010.
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2020/pandemics-digital-shadow
https://regulate.tech/data-your-place-or-mine-28th-sept-2020/
https://www.economist.com/graphic-detail/2020/10/10/faith-in-government-declines-when-mobile-internet-arrives

Facebook Deletes QAnon
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook has announced it will delete all QAnon pages, groups, and Instagram accounts and its Dangerous Organizations Operations team will continue to enforce the policy, Matt Stieb reports at New York Magazine. At Bloomberg, Mark Bergen and Joshua Brustein report that YouTube will follow suit if QAnon or other conspiracy theories target specific people or groups; they are hoping to continue to facilitate news and political commentary on its service while expanding its hate and harassment policies to include conspiracies justifying real world violence. At Rolling Stone, EJ Dickson reported in July that TikTok had begun banning hashtags associated with QAnon. At CNN, Bronte Lord and Richa Naik interview a former QAnon follower who believes a period of depression led him to be taken in. After two years, logical inconsistencies led him to question his beliefs and find the subReddits r/Qult_Headquarters and QAnonCasualties and their communities of support.
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2020/10/facebook-bans-qanon-accounts-across-all-its-platforms.html
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-10-15/youtube-follows-facebook-in-banning-qanon-but-with-caveats
https://edition.cnn.com/2020/10/16/tech/qanon-believer-how-he-got-out/index.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Facebook's Algorithm Changes Deliberately Throttled Left-Wing News Sites
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Wall Street Journal, Deepa Seetharaman and Emily Glazer trace Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg's development into an active political operator. Since 2016, Zuckerberg has focused on making sure Facebook wouldn't be seen as partisan while maintaining relationships with Jared Kushner and others in the Trump administration. In late 2017, when Facebook changed its algorithm to de-emphasize political news and saw an outsize impact on conservatives, Facebook redesigned the algorithms to have greater impact on left-wing sites such as Mother Jones. In 2019, Zuckerberg blocked the local news sites network Courier Newsroom  as a "partisan-backed site". In a Twitter thread, Mother Jones editor-in-chief Clara Jeffery details the impact of these decisions, which have cost the site between $400,000 and $600,000 a year. At Mother Jones, editorial director Ben Dreyfuss details the history of his magazine's relations with Facebook. At Columbia Journalism Review, Emily Bell and Sara Sheridan explain why distinguishing partisan-backed sites from news is so difficult for Google and Facebook. At the New York Times, Davey Alba and Jack Nicas report that the gap left by the closure of an estimated 2,100 local newspapers across the US is being filled by a nationwide operation of 1,300 local sites that publish propaganda ordered up by Republican groups and PR operatives.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/how-mark-zuckerberg-learned-politics-11602853200
https://twitter.com/ClaraJeffery/status/1317191129964556288
https://www.motherjones.com/media/2020/10/now-we-know-facebook-made-changes-to-show-you-less-news-from-mother-jones
https://www.cjr.org/analysis/google-and-facebook-have-a-news-labeling-problem.php
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/18/technology/timpone-local-news-metric-media.html

Vaccine Acceptance Requires Building Trust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Jenny Anderson profiles anthropologist Heidi Larson, founder of the Vaccine Confidence Project. The problem in vaccine hesitancy, Larson says, is not misinformation but a lack of trust. Persuading people to rethink their beliefs requires understanding and answering individuals' real concerns rather than simply telling them facts public health authorities think they need to know.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/10/13/health/coronavirus-vaccine-hesitancy-larson.html

UK NGOs Face Constrained Future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Bond Funding Group, Mike Wright find that only 48% of its 93 UK NGO member respondents are likely to still be in operation in 2022 owing to the combined impact of Brexit, the recession, cuts to official development assistance, and the COVID-19 pandemic. Most expect their income to drop and are implementing cost-cutting measures such as redundancies, pay freezes, recruitment freezes, and furloughs. Small NGOs are particularly vulnerable to closure./
https://www.bond.org.uk/news/2020/10/falling-income-redundancies-and-programme-cuts-can-ngos-survive-the-next-two-years

Institutional Blind Spots Fuel Persistence of Legacy Systems
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Medium, former Dot Everyone director Rachel Coldicutt discusses the institutional blind spots and complexities that lead to dangerously bad decisions such as Public Health England's mistaken reliance on an antiquated Excel spreadsheet to manage positive COVID tests. Legacy technologies and ignored individual employees who know how to run the systems they're embedded in are everywhere because relying on human ingenuity is cheaper than investing in more modern technology. The situation is made worse when those in charge buy quick-fix technology - in the UK government's case, Palantir's Foundry system - without ensuring that the eventual users understand what they're doing. At New York Magazine, Sharon Weinberger studies how Palantir, now on the eve of going public, has marketed itself as superior technology while losing half a billion dollars a year,.
https://medium.com/@rachelcoldicutt/magical-thinking-and-maintenance-61aeeb796043
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/amp/2020/09/inside-palantir-technologies-peter-thiel-alex-karp.html

EU: Placing Human Rights at the Center of the Digital Services Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page, Access Now provides three position papers whose policy recommendations are intended to put users' rights at the center of the EU's in-progress Digital Services Act, an initiative to regulate online digital platforms. Access Now proposes gradually increasing responsibilities for gatekeeper companies, building in redress for people using the platforms, and learning from GDPR to create an effective oversight body. In a blog posting, EDRi executive director Claire Fernandez explains why the legislation is important and outlines EDRi's efforts to push it in the direction of human rights.
https://www.accessnow.org/eu-digital-services-act/
https://edri.org/our-work/digital-services-act-what-we-learned-about-tackling-the-power-of-digital-platforms/

COVID-19 Open Research Dataset Finds Wide Adoption
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, SPARC discusses the free and open COVID-19 Open Research Dataset, which already holds 85,000 scholarly articles related to the virus and continues to grow. Hosted by the Allen Institute for AI and developed in partnership with the National Library of Medicine and others, the dataset enables researchers to use machine learning and AI to identify new approaches to help end the pandemic. The dataset began with 29,000 articles from 50 publishers; as of September, it has been accessed more than 60 million times.
https://sparcopen.org/news/2020/strong-community-response-to-free-scholarly-article-access-to-fight-covid-19/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


ONLINE EVENTS

Open Data Institute Summit
----------------------------------------
November 10, 2020
The annual ODI Summit invites people from across the world to discuss how humanity can harness the power of data in a changing world.
https://theodi.org/event/odi-summit-2020/

TICTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitizing parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The October 29 event considers what forms of mandatory reporting can help achieve public sector accountability.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Cybersecurity Institute
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of with prominent women in security, a discussion of the security problems in online voting, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the use of location data to end the global sanitation crisis, the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include political influence, a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities, and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include Chinese-US relations after the presidential election, and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include anticipating future pandemics and a discussion of Michael Baxter's new book, Living in the Age of the Jerk. Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/
https://www.meetup.com/London-Futurists/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime (London time)  talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, trust, and converting weather into music.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracingcontact-tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date in 2021 TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

MOVED ONLINE Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

MOVED ONLINE WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conferenceconference, CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending October 9, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: IFLA, Wikimedia Foundation.


NEWS
=====

US President Donald Trump Is Largest Driver of Online Misinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A Cornell study finds that US president Donald Trump is the single biggest driver of the "infodemic" of misinformation about the coronavirus, Sheryl Gay Stolberg and Noah Weiland report at the New York Times. Most frequently linked to Trump was "miracle cures", including his promotion of anti-malarial drugs and disinfectants as potential treatments. At the Guardian, Dan Sabbagh reports that the UK's chief of defence staff has warned that Russia is spreading disinformation about coronavirus vaccines in order to destabilize countries around the world. At The Verge, Adi Robertson summarizes a working paper led by Yochai Benkler at the Harvard Berkman Klein Center that finds that the traditional media are the main vector in the campaign mounted by Trump and the Republican Party to spread rumors associating mail-in ballots with voter fraud, though social media is an amplifier. At the Anchorage Daily News, Isaac Stanley-Becker reports that a pro-Trump youth group pays teens to post troll farm-like messages claiming that mail-in ballots will lead to electoral fraud, that coronavirus numbers were artificially inflated, and "Don't trust Dr. Fauci". In a video clip for CNN, Donie O'Sullivan finds it impossible to dissuade supporters at a Trump rally from believing the false content they see on their Facebook feeds. Finally, Kris Holt reports at Engadget that a group of 25 experts including Roger McNamee and Carole Cadwalladr has formed the Real Facebook Oversight Board as a real-time response to "counter the spin Facebook is putting out".
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/30/us/politics/trump-coronavirus-misinformation.html
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/sep/30/russia-spreading-lies-about-covid-vaccines-says-uk-military-chief
https://cyber.harvard.edu/publication/2020/Mail-in-Voter-Fraud-Disinformation-2020
https://www.adn.com/nation-world/2020/09/15/pro-trump-youth-group-enlists-teens-in-secretive-campaign-likened-to-a-troll-farm-prompting-rebuke-by-facebook-and-twitter/
https://edition.cnn.com/2020/09/24/tech/trump-supporters-facebook-misinformation/index.html
https://www.engadget.com/facebook-advisory-board-critics-155625348.html

US House Judiciary Committee Democrats Issue Antitrust Report
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a 449-page report, the Democrats on the US House of Representatives Judiciary Committee have laid out a detailed case, compiled over 16 months, that Apple, Amazon, Facebook, and Google have become monopolies whose "gatekeeper power" must be restricted and regulated, Shannon Bond reports at NPR. The report recommends strengthening antitrust laws in order to restore competition in the digital economy. The report, which has not yet been endorsed by any of the committee's Republican members, will be subject a vote when Congress returns post-election.
https://www.npr.org/2020/10/06/920882893/how-are-apple-amazon-facebook-google-monopolies-house-report-counts-the-ways
https://judiciary.house.gov/uploadedfiles/competition_in_digital_markets.pdf

Russian Draft Law Would Criminalize Web Address Cryptographic Protocols
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Russia's Ministry of Digital Development, Communications, and Mass Media (Minkomksvyaz) has published a draft law that would criminalize the use of the cryptographic protocols TLS, ESNI, DNS over HTTPS, and DNS over TLS, all of which encrypt the website addresses users visit, Justin Sherman reports at Slate. The law cites the need to enforce information control laws as justification. At Them, Matt Baume reports that a new report from the Russian LGBT network claims that administrators are forcing Russian teachers to check the personal social networking pages of students aged ten to 17 for violations of the 2013 law banning the spread of information on "non-traditional sexual relationships" to minors.
https://slate.com/technology/2020/09/russia-internet-encryption-protocol-ban.html
https://www.them.us/story/russia-surveilling-students-social-media-lgbtq-activity

Open Access Both Helps and Harms African Scientific Publishing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Open access is both a solution and a problem for African scientific publishing, Juliet Nabyonga-Orem, James Avoka Asaman, Thomas Nyirenda, and Seye Abimbola write at the British Medical Journal. Open access fees are often beyond the financial reach of African scientists, further marginalizing an already under-represented group. In the interests of greater parity, support for fees must be built into research grants, capacity to pay should be considered in designing discounts and waiver policies, and African journals should be archived in frequently searched electronic databases. At Vice, Maddie Bender interviews the authors to add context. An IFLA analysis proposes ten principles for the African Continental free trade agreement to ensure access to information for African development.
https://gh.bmj.com/content/5/9/e003650
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/3az99v/the-high-cost-of-academic-publishing-leaves-africa-behind
https://www.ifla.org/node/93359

China Blocks Wikimedia Foundation from WIPO Observer Status
----------------------------------------------------------------------
China has blocked the Wikimedia Foundation's application for observer status at the World Intellectual Property Organization, the foundation reports on its blog. In a last-minute objection, China claimed Wikimedia's application was incomplete and suggested that the foundation's Taiwan chapter was politically active. The application will be reconsidered at a WIPO meeting in 2021.
https://wikimediafoundation.org/news/2020/09/24/china-blocks-wikimedia-foundations-accreditation/

Facebook Suspends Environmental Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A week after launching an initiative it claimed would counter misinformation about climate science on its platform, Facebook has suspended hundreds of accounts linked to indigenous, climate, social justice, and environmental groups including Greenpeace USA, Climate Hawks Vote, and Rainforest Action Network, Oliver Milman reports at the Guardian. The suspended people and groups were all involved in a May 2019 Facebook event that targeted the US investment firm KKR & Company, which is backing British Columbia's Coastal GasLink pipeline.
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/sep/22/facebook-climate-change-environment-groups-suspended


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Egypt: Data Protection or Data Control?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Access Now, Marwa Fatafta asks whether Egypt's new data protection law, which comes into effect on October 15, offers data protection or data control. While the law offers protections similar to European data protection laws, it has also carved out exemptions for the Central Bank of Egypt and the national security authorities, which have used the 2018 cybercrime law to escalate online censorship. The law also fails to provide for independent oversight, as the board it creates will be appointed by the Minister of ICT and must include representatives of the Ministry of Defence, the Ministry of Internet, and the intelligence services. At Al Jazeera, Fatafta offers examples of how the cybercrime law has been used.
https://www.accessnow.org/egypts-new-data-protection-law-data-protection-or-data-control/
https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2020/9/24/egypts-rising-digital-authoritarianism/

Virtual We Robot
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page, the organizers of this year's We Robot conference have posted  discussions of the papers on robots, law, and policy that made up this year's virtual event. Of particular interest are "Beyond 'In the Loop,'", on designing meaningful human control in hybrid robot-human systems;. tThe panel session on legal liability and accountability, and "People, Packets, and Fairness", which foresees a future of intermediary control over mobility. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman provides an overview of the event.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot/virtual
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2020/09/the_zero_on_the_phone_1.html

Open Sharing of Scientific Research Should Stay
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE, representatives of the Confederation of Open Access Repositories  argue that the rapid publication and sharing of scientific research that COVID-19 has brought should remain permanent after the pandemic ends. We can, they say, shift our resources towards open, community-based infrastructures and services while integrating peer review and evaluation services.
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2020/09/24/covid-19-has-profoundly-changed-the-way-we-conduct-and-share-research-lets-not-return-to-business-as-usual-when-the-pandemic-is-over/

The Hidden Costs of Streaming Music
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this book review at The New Yorker, Alex Ross  surveys the hidden costs of streaming music as outlined in Kyle Devine's recent book, Decomposed: The Political Ecology of Music. In 2010, streaming and downloading music generated 40 million more kilos of greenhouse gas emissions than all music formats combined in 2000. Other overlooked costs include the exploitative labor regimes that produce smartphone and computer components, the drop in royalties for working musicians, the energy demands of servers, and the mass surveillance that powers the streams' advertising and recommendation engines, all part of the "industrial reality" Devine finds behind the internet's seemingly effortless delivery.
https://www.newyorker.com/culture/cultural-comment/the-hidden-costs-of-streaming-music

Data Justice and COVID-19
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip at the Ada Lovelace Institute, Vidushi Marda (Article 19), Karen Yeung (University of Birmingham), and Linnet Taylor (University of Tilburg) introduce the book Data Justice and COVID-19, which is available for free download. The book includes 38 essays from global authors on topics such as pandemic governance, privacy and contact tracing, and reining in humanitarian technology, along with reports from countries on every continent.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/data-justice-and-covid-19-book-launch-with-the-ada-lovelace-institute/
https://ia801905.us.archive.org/23/items/data-justice-and-covid-19/Data_Justice_and_COVID-19.pdf

The Social Dilemma
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at LibrarianShipwreck, Z.M.L. argues that Jeff Orlowski's new Netflix documentary, The Social Dilemma, is just as manipulative as the technology the film's Silicon Valley insiders confess to having created because even the (all-white) critics fail to consider dislodging the status quo. Z.M.L. goes on to list numerous other commentators offering deeper and more diverse perspectives. In a posting at the Technollama blog, Andres Guademuz complains that the film treats the internet as a purely American medium and says it's time to decolonize the internet in the interests of adopting values that matter to the rest of the world.
https://librarianshipwreck.wordpress.com/2020/09/17/flamethrowers-and-fire-extinguishers-a-review-of-the-social-dilemma/
https://www.technollama.co.uk/time-to-decolonise-the-internet


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

TICTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitising parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

OPEN ACCESS WEEK
----------------------------------------
October 19-25, 2020
The theme of this year's Open Access Week is "Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion". Building on our discussions in 2018 ("Designing Equitable Foundations for Open Knowledge") and 2019 ("Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge"), 2020 marks the third consecutive year the theme for International Open Access Week will focus on the urgent need for action on equity and inclusion, underscoring the urgency of continuing to center this work.
http://www.openaccessweek.org/profiles/blogs/2020-theme-announcement-english


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considered the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

CHANGED DATE Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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Our mailing address is:
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© 2020 Open Society Foundations. Some rights reserved. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Your privacy is important to us. View our Privacy Policy: https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/policies/privacy
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending September 25, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Mozilla, Privacy International, Ranking Digital Rights.


NEWS
=====

Trump Administration Bans WeChat and TikTok
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Trump administration has issued new rules barring the Chinese-owned apps WeChat and TikTok from US app stores as of midnight on September 20, Ana Swanson, David McCabe, and Jack Nicas report at the New York Times. From September 20 for WeChat and November 12 for TikTok, American companies are also banned from processing transactions for WeChat or hosting its internet traffic. Lance Whitney reports at Forbes that the ban was postponed on September 19, when Oracle and Walmart promised to buy a 20% stake in TikTok owner ByteDance. At the EFF blog, Nathaniel Sobel outlines the friend-of-the-court brief EFF has filed to support a TikTok employee who argues that US president Donald Trump's executive order infringes the Fifth Amendment rights of TikTok's US-based employees; EFF is urging the court to consider the First Amendment rights of the app's millions of users when evaluating the claims. In a posting at LinkedIn, Mozilla Tech Policy Fellow Frederike Kaltheuner notes the irony of awarding TikTok to Oracle when Oracle, which has become a data broker, was the first company Facebook cut off in response to the Cambridge Analytica scandal, as she found in a 2018 report for Privacy International.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/18/business/trump-tik-tok-wechat-ban.html
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/09/trumps-ban-tiktok-violates-first-amendment-eliminating-unique-platform-political
https://www.linkedin.com/posts/frederike-kaltheuner_oracle-tiktok-activity-6711591350019641344-PM9G

Australian News Licensing Law Threatens Media Diversity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Media diversity, in particular digital-only youth and lifestyle publishers, is likely to be destroyed by Australia's attempt to force Google and Facebook to pay for news, Hal Crawford reports at Nieman Lab. Facebook plans to ban news on its feeds in Australia if the government passes legislation forcing it to negotiate licensing deals with news companies, and the threat leads many to expect that the company will define "news" as broadly as possible, for legal safety. The law's only likely beneficiaries are the largest traditional publishers, Nine and Rupert Murdoch-owned News Corp.
https://www.niemanlab.org/2020/09/digital-only-newsrooms-are-in-the-firing-line-as-australian-news-law-grinds-toward-reality/

Researchers Find ISIS Digital Backup
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Moustafa Ayad, the deputy director of the Institute of Strategic Dialogue, has found a terabyte and a half of ISIS material, including training materials and strategies, which effectively is a digital backup capable of rebooting ISIS, Demos research director Carl Miller reports at Wired. Ayad has gone on to find similar caches for al Qaeda and al Shabaab.
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/isis-digital-backup

CJEU Rules that Zero Tariffs Break Network Neutrality Rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that its network neutrality rules are incompatible with allowing telcos to provide selected "zero tariff" services, Campbell Kwan reports at ZDNet. The case was referred to CJEU by Telenor after a Hungarian court issued two rulings compelling it to end its zero tariff practices.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/eus-highest-court-rules-net-neutrality-is-incompatible-with-zero-tariffs/

EU: Entertainment Industry Campaigns for Upload Restrictions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The entertainment industry has begun a campaign to push the European Commission and member state governments into ignoring the user rights MEPs and civil society fought for in copyright reform, former MEP Julia Reda reports in a Twitter thread. Reda analyzes a letter rights holder organizations IFPI and ACT have sent to Commissioner Breton to find that they are pushing for the most restrictive possible interpretation of Article 17, the "upload filter". EDRi spells out its main demands as member states begin transposing the law. At EFF, Christoph Schmon summarizes the recommendations it has submitted for the guidance European Commission is developing.
https://twitter.com/Senficon/status/1304084452767928326
https://edri.org/our-work/upload-filters-still-no-thanks/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/09/eff-eu-commission-article-17-prioritize-users-rights-let-go-filters

New Hong Kong Law Threatens Academic Freedom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Hong Kong professors and students who continued to speak out after the Chinese Communist Party began attacking academic freedom following the 2014 Occupy Central pro-democracy protests are now being stifled under the city's new national security law, The Economist reports. The Hong Kong government is pushing for a more "patriotic" approach in school classrooms, and there are concerns that government pressure will change the way the councils that govern Hong Kong's universities make decisions about grants, promotions, and tenure.
https://www.economist.com/china/2020/08/23/china-is-killing-academic-freedom-in-hong-kong


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

African Internet Shutdowns Ineffective at Silencing Protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vice, Chris Baraniuk discusses a recent study from Ranking Digital Rights that finds that internet shutdowns in African countries have not proved effective at suppressing protests, instead sometimes leading to surges in clashes and increased violence. While shutdowns may heighten the overall sense of chaos and create fear and uncertainty, technological interventions aren't enough to silence activists.
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/m7jnaa/internet-shutdowns-dont-help-authoritarians-stop-protests

Capitalism Begets Surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this ebook at Medium, Cory Doctorow dissents at length with Shoshanna Zuboff's proposed course of action in her 2019 book, Surveillance Capitalism, and suggests that instead the future requires creating profitable competitors to today's Big Tech. Surveillance doesn't make capitalism "rogue", he writes. Instead, capitalism, unchecked, begets surveillance.
https://onezero.medium.com/how-to-destroy-surveillance-capitalism-8135e6744d59

Ex-Employee Memos Accuse Facebook of Profiting From Hate
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Buzzfeed, Craig Silverman summarizes a 6,600 word memo by former Facebook data scientist Sophie Zhang, who worked on the Facebook Site Integrity fake engagement team and writes, "I have blood on my hands" while documenting numerous cases of state actor abuse, many blatant and on vast scales. Silverman calls the memo "a damning account of Facebook's failures." Zhang turned down a $64,000 severance package to avoid signing a non-disparagement agreement. At Ars Technica, Sam Machkovech notes that Zhang's memo did not include the compounding effect of Facebook's Free Basics and Discover services, whose users may have very limited access to news content outside Facebook. At Gizmodo, Whitney Kimball writes that Zhang's departure follows closely on that of software engineer Ashok Chandwaney, whose scathing letter, published in the Washington Post, called the company "an organization that is profiting off hate in the US and globally". At Vice, David Gilbert describes a politically motivated disinformation campaign orchestrated on Facebook against Ethiopian singer Hachalu Hundessa, an ethnic Oromo, who was assassinated on June 29 while driving through Addis Ababa. The killing set off a wave of violence in both the capital and Oromia that has resulted in hundreds of deaths. Facebook had been warned, but has no full-time employees in the country.
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/craigsilverman/facebook-ignore-political-manipulation-whitstleblower-memo
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/09/sweeping-internal-facebook-memo-i-have-blood-on-my-hands/
https://gizmodo.com/cheers-to-this-facebook-engineer-with-a-blazing-resigna-1844990093
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/xg897a/hate-speech-on-facebook-is-pushing-ethiopia-dangerously-close-to-a-genocide

The Aesthetics and Political Economy of Video Culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In the Institute of Network Cultures' latest Video Vortex Reader, Inside the YouTube Decade, editors Geert Lovink and Andreas Treske present a collection of essays on the aesthetics and political economy of  video culture, including topics such as algorithmic bias, the rise of deepfakes, image theory, and video as online activism. In the last decade, the smartphone has taken over visual culture, while image technology has become politicized.
https://networkcultures.org/blog/publication/video-vortex-reader-iii-inside-the-youtube-decade/

Arizona Court Indicts Uber Safety Driver for Negligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Wired, Aarian Marshall reports that the Rafaela Vasquez, who was in position as the safety driver of a self-driving Uber car that killed a pedestrian in Arizona in 2018, has been indicted for criminal negligence. In an example of what Madeleine Claire Elish called "moral crumple zones" in a paper presented at We Robot in 2016, Uber has not been charged, even though the US National Transportation Safety Board's 2019 report on the crash attributed the blame to many people, including the Uber self-driving executives, who created an "inadequate safety culture".
https://www.wired.com/story/why-not-uber-charged-fatal-self-driving-car-crash/

Origin Story Finds Data Manipulation Roots in 1960s Company
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this review of Jill Lepore's latest book, If Then: How the Simulmatics Corporation Invented the Future, James Gleick traces the roots of the Cambridge Analytica scandal to Simulmatics, a company that secretly worked for John F. Kennedy's winning 1960 presidential campaign. Although it failed and went bankrupt in 1970, the story of Simulmatics' methods serves Lepore as an origin story for today's data hogs and political manipulation.
https://www.nybooks.com/articles/2020/10/08/simulating-democracy/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

TOCTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitising parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

OPEN ACCESS WEEK
----------------------------------------
October 19-25, 2020
The theme of this year's Open Access Week is "Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion". Building on our discussions in 2018 ("Designing Equitable Foundations for Open Knowledge") and 2019 ("Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge"), 2020 marks the third consecutive year the theme for International Open Access Week will focus on the urgent need for action on equity and inclusion, underscoring the urgency of continuing to center this work.
http://www.openaccessweek.org/profiles/blogs/2020-theme-announcement-english


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considered the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

Big Tech and Antitrust Conference
----------------------------------------
October 3, 2020
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Yale Law School's Information Society Project and Thurman Arnold Project co-host a half-day conference to explore the role of antitrust and competition law in shaping the future of the digital economy. The conference will discuss the kinds of harms antitrust law needs to address in the digital age; the relationship between antitrust law and broader concerns such as privacy, innovation, and inequality; and policy recommendations, including changes in the interpretation of antitrust laws and doctrines, enforcement practices, and the institutional organization of agencies. We encourage submissions from all disciplines that contribute to related legal, economic, regulatory, or policy discussions.
https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/yale-law-school-events/big-tech-antitrust-conference

CANCELED Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

CHANGED DATE Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending September 11, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: None.


NEWS
=====

FBI Discovers Fake Russian News Operation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Russian Internet Research Agency, which interfered in the 2016 US election, created the fake left-wing news outlet PeaceData and recruited genuine but unwitting freelance journalists to write stories for it as part of an influence operation, Julia Carrie Wong reports at the Guardian. In a study, the network analysis company Graphika found that the network used AI-generated profile pictures and maintained a presence across Facebook, which found 13 accounts, two pages, and 14,000 followers, LinkedIn, and Twitter, which removed five associated accounts. Between February and August 2020 the site published more than 500 articles in English and 200 in Arabic: some original, many copied from elsewhere. At the Guardian, duped freelancer Jack Delaney describes how he was targeted and used. Underpaid workers, he concludes, are easily exploited.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/sep/01/facebook-russia-internet-research-agency-fake-news
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/sep/04/russia-media-disinformation-fake-news-peacedata

Brazil Passes Data Protection Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
After a long delay, the Brazilian Senate suddenly and unexpectedly passed the General Data Protection Law, which will come into force by September 16, 2020 unless vetoed by Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro, Alonza Martinez reports at Forbes. The new law will apply to all companies who offer goods and services in Brazil, or collect or process the data of Brazilian residents, including companies that have no physical presence in the country.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/alonzomartinez/2020/09/04/brazils-new-data-protection-law-moves-forward-without-warning--employers-race-to-comply/

Amazon Flex Drivers Trick Work Assignment App
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In an attempt to game the app that decides who gets work, Amazon Flex drivers are hanging phones on a tree near the Chicago station where deliveries originate for Amazon and its Whole Foods subsidiary, Spencer Soper reports at Bloomberg. The drivers believe the gambit raises the likelihood of getting an assignment by making their location appear closer; in some cases it masks inability to meet company requirements for contractors. In a Twitter thread, Cory Doctorow says the drivers develop these "folk theories" because they lack good information about how the system actually works, and that despite their official status as "independent contractors" in reality they have no independence. At NPR, Bobby Allyn reports that in August, a California judge ordered Uber and Lyft to consider all their drivers employees under a state law passed in 2019.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-09-01/amazon-drivers-are-hanging-smartphones-in-trees-to-get-more-work
https://twitter.com/doctorow/status/1300878795394617345
https://www.npr.org/2020/08/10/901099643/california-judge-orders-uber-and-lyft-to-consider-all-drivers-employees

UK Information Commissioner Publishes Age-Appropriate Design Code
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK's Age-Appropriate Design Code came into force on September 2, the Information Commissioner's Office announces on its website. Companies have a year to bring their sites and services into compliance with the code's 15 standards, which apply to any site or digital service that is likely to be accessed by a British child. A blog posting at the 5Rights Foundation explains the thinking behind the code and the privacy protection it's supposed to provide to children. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas summarizes the code.
https://ico.org.uk/for-organisations/guide-to-data-protection/key-data-protection-themes/age-appropriate-design-a-code-of-practice-for-online-services/
https://5rightsfoundation.com/our-work/design-of-service/age-appropriate-design-code.html
https://techcrunch.com/2020/01/22/uk-watchdog-sets-out-age-appropriate-design-code-for-online-services-to-keep-kids-privacy-safe/

US Court Rules NSA Bulk Data Collection Program Was Illegal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A US federal appeals court ruled on September 2 that the National Security Agency's now-defunct program of warrantless bulk data collection was against the law, Raphael Satter reports for Reuters. The ruling specifically credited Edward Snowden for exposing the program in 2013.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-nsa-spying-idUSKBN25T3CK

Digital Technologies Enable Belarusian Protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Digital technologies are playing an important enabling role in the protests in Belarus despite the government's having shut down internet and telephone connections, Gregory Asmolov writes at Open Democracy. A key element in these technologies' effectiveness is the way new information made available by these technologies shifts motivations and, even with opposition leaders jailed or exiled, inspires "connective action", in which joint actions are organized without the need for any formal organization or party.
https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/odr/path-to-square-digital-technology-belarus-protest/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

The Algorithmic Colonization of Africa
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at SCRIPTed, Abeba Birhane examines the impact of US corporate algorithmic colonialism across Africa. Western-developed AI is unfit for African problems, focuses on data rather than people's needs, and leaves the continent dependent on Western software and infrastructure rather than helping it develop local products.
https://script-ed.org/article/algorithmic-colonization-of-africa/

Facebook's Indian Bias
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for Time magazine, Billy Perrigo explores the question of whether Facebook has displayed bias in favor of BJP, India's ruling party. The service has been used to spread hate speech and misinformation that have been blamed for helping to incite attacks on minority groups in India. Facebook has commissioned an independent report on its human rights impact in India, but activists believe Facebook is reluctant to police posts by BJP members because it doesn't want to offend the government of its largest market (328 million Indians use Facebook, and 400 million use subsidiary WhatsApp). At Nieman Lab, Laura Hazard Owen asks if Facebook can be trusted to do any better at removing US election misinformation than it has at removing vaccine misinformation. Facebook itself raised the question by saying that in the week leading up to Election Day it will bar political advertising and block posts intended to dissuade people from voting, among other moves.
https://time.com/5883993/india-facebook-hate-speech-bjp/
https://www.niemanlab.org/2020/09/facebook-has-been-terrible-about-removing-vaccine-misinformation-will-it-do-better-with-election-misinformation/

China Proposes New Internet Governance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Journal of Cyber Policy, Stacie Hoffman, Dominique Lazanski, and Emily Taylor consider China's proposals for new technical standards that they believe could fragment the Internet and change today's multistakeholder governance into a multilateral model managed by the International Telecommunications Union. While China calls its new model "decentralized", it would in fact result in top-down centralization. In a 2012 article for New Scientist, when the multistakeholder model was still being formed, Wendy M. Grossman discusses the history of opposition to putting the ITU in charge of the internet.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/23738871.2020.1805482
https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21628946-000-why-the-world-is-arguing-over-who-runs-the-internet/

Violent Technologies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Logic, Sarah T. Hamid explains the work of the Carceral Tech Resistance Network, a coalition of organizers who campaign against the design of and experimentation with technologies by police, prisons, border enforcement, and commercial partnerships, which over decades have made policing deadlier and less accountable. Among the technologies she discusses are predictive policing, CCTV, biometrics, AI, and risk profiling algorithms. The focus on identifying these technologies with surveillance, she argues, undermines CTRN's view of them as a form of violence requiring more profound change than simply making them less intrusive.
https://logicmag.io/care/community-defense-sarah-t-hamid-on-abolishing-carceral-technologies/

Digital Rights and Privacy in Nigeria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper from the Paradigm Initiative, Adeboye Adegoke describes the state of digital rights and privacy in Nigeria, where 126 million people use the internet and the information and communication sector's contribution to GDP (13.8%) surpasses that of oil and gas (8.8%). Adegoke concludes with recommendations to pass the Digital Rights and Freedom Bill, repeal the Cybercrime Act 2015, educate the public on privacy issues, create an independent data protection institution, and enforce the Nigerian Data Protection Regulation.
https://paradigmhq.org/download/digital-rights-and-privacy-in-nigeria/

The Dark Money Behind British Politics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, Peter Geoghegan discusses his new book, Democracy on Leave: How Dark Money, Lobbying, and Data Are Destroying British Politics, with Open Democracy editor-in-chief Mary Fitzgerald. He began with a question he was never able to fully answer - why was the Northern Irish Democratic Unionist Party buying pro-Brexit ads in a free local Sunderland newspaper the day before the referendum? His quest led him through a twisty maze of think tanks whose funding sources are influencing British politics behind the scenes.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elo5NJ9Enb0


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

MOVED ONLINE AI for Good
----------------------------------------
September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union, in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

MOVED ONLINE We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Date TBC
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

TOCTec Seminars
----------------------------------------
mySociety is running a series of events between September and November on open data (September 22), digitising parliaments (October 20), and the climate crisis (November, day TBC).
https://tictec.mysociety.org/seminars/2020

OPEN ACCESS WEEK
----------------------------------------
October 19-25, 2020
The theme of this year's Open Access Week is "Open with Purpose: Taking Action to Build Structural Equity and Inclusion". Building on our discussions in 2018 ("Designing Equitable Foundations for Open Knowledge") and 2019 ("Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge"), 2020 marks the third consecutive year the theme for International Open Access Week will focus on the urgent need for action on equity and inclusion, underscoring the urgency of continuing to center this work.
http://www.openaccessweek.org/profiles/blogs/2020-theme-announcement-english


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considered the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online seminars on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law include AI, privacy law, technology law as a vehicle for anti-racism, and a look ahead to the next telecommunications act.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
Singularity University's upcoming events include reimagining primary education and a series of executive programs aimed at various countries.
https://su.org/events/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

Big Tech and Antitrust Conference
----------------------------------------
October 3, 2020
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Yale Law School's Information Society Project and Thurman Arnold Project co-host a half-day conference to explore the role of antitrust and competition law in shaping the future of the digital economy. The conference will discuss the kinds of harms antitrust law needs to address in the digital age; the relationship between antitrust law and broader concerns such as privacy, innovation, and inequality; and policy recommendations, including changes in the interpretation of antitrust laws and doctrines, enforcement practices, and the institutional organization of agencies. We encourage submissions from all disciplines that contribute to related legal, economic, regulatory, or policy discussions.
https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/yale-law-school-events/big-tech-antitrust-conference

CANCELED Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

CHANGED DATE Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending August 21, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Open Access Button, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

Big Four Tech CEOs Testify in US Congress
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On July 29, the US Congress Judiciary Committee heard testimony via video link from the CEOs of Amazon (Jeff Bezos), Apple (Tim Cook), Facebook (Mark Zuckerberg), and Google (Sundar Pichai) as part of its antitrust investigation into online platforms, David McCabe and Cecilia Kang report at the New York Times. Democrats focused on potential antitrust violations and platform power; Republicans claimed the sites are censoring conservative voices. At Stratechery, Ben Thompson complains that the Democrats' questions assumed the monopoly power they should have been trying to prove, and suggests that the Republicans were hinting that laying off limiting conservatives' postings is the only way they'll get help in Washington. In an essay, Benedict Evans argues that instead of breaking up Big Tech it's necessary to look deep inside the companies to create rules and mechanisms to limit their market power; he cites examples from the EU and UK for how to do this.
https://www.nytimes.com/live/2020/07/29/technology/tech-ceos-hearing-testimony
https://judiciary.house.gov/calendar/eventsingle.aspx?EventID=3113
https://stratechery.com/2020/antitrust-politics/
https://www.ben-evans.com/benedictevans/2020/8/10/would-breaking-up-big-tech-work
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/businessreview/2019/08/19/competition-policy-in-the-age-of-digital-platforms-whats-at-stake/

US: Donald Trump Plans TikTok and WeChat Ban
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the end of July, US president Donald Trump said he was ready to order a US ban on the popular Chinese apps TikTok and WeChat unless an American company would buy them, Tom Warren reports at The Verge. A day later, The Verge reported that Microsoft was in talks to buy the company and would decide by September 15, and two weeks later the Guardian reported that Oracle is developing a rival deal. At the Guardian, James Ball, author of the new book The System, calls the proposed ban "generational vandalism", and worries that taking action against a company because of its nationality could be an existential threat to the Internet as we know it. At Lawfare, Citizen Lab founder Ronald Deibert and others discuss the ban in the context of the larger US-China relationship and technology competition. At Stratechery, Ben Thompson favors the ban, saying Americans should worry about Tiktok's algorithm and its potential to spread propaganda. At Axios, Sara Fischer reports that TikTok's new CEO plans to launch a transparency and accountability center in Los Angeles and release the code that drives its content moderation algorithms so experts can observe how its policies are enforced in real time.
https://www.theverge.com/21355465/tiktok-us-china-information-nationalism-online-propaganda
https://www.theverge.com/2020/8/2/21352004/microsoft-tiktok-acquisition-trump-bytedance
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/aug/18/software-firm-oracle-in-talks-to-buy-tiktok-and-challenge-microsoft-bid
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/aug/16/trump-tiktok-ban-china-satire-sarah-cooper
https://www.lawfareblog.com/lawfare-podcast-trump-takes-aim-tiktok-and-wechat
https://stratechery.com/2020/the-tiktok-war/
https://www.axios.com/tiktoks-new-ceo-says-company-will-reveal-how-its-algorithms-work-aff01b6c-8f33-454f-9b4a-7d52292ce501.html

Clearview AI Claims First Amendment Protection to Counter Lawsuits
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The facial recognition start-up Clearview AI, which is fighting multiple lawsuits including one brought by the American Civil Liberties Union in Illinois, where state law forbids the corporate use of residents' faceprints without explicit consent, has hired lawyers known for representing hackers (Tor Ekeland) and defending free speech (Floyd Abrams), Kashmir Hill reports at the New York Times. The company has built a dataset of billions of images scraped from social media sites and sells access to law enforcement. Abrams calls privacy "an extremely important value" but argues that US free speech rights encompass a company's right to create and disseminate information.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/11/technology/clearview-floyd-abrams.html

Mozilla Restructures Its Workforce in Face of Financial Struggles
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Mozilla will cut 250 jobs, about a quarter of its workforce, because the pandemic has significantly lowered its revenue, Jon Brodkin reports at Ars Technica. The vast majority of Mozilla's revenue comes from royalties payable by the search engines Firefox sets as default options - Google in most parts of the world, Yandex in Russia, and Baidu in China. Mozilla has so far struggled to follow through on its plan to develop commercial products and new ways of supporting itself. Shortly after the announcement, Katyanna Quach reports at The Register, Google and Mozilla signed a new three-year agreement estimated to be worth $400 to $450 million.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2020/08/firefox-maker-mozilla-lays-off-250-workers-says-covid-19-lowered-revenue/
https://www.theregister.com/2020/08/14/mozilla_google_search/

China Proposes "New IP" to Redesign the Internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at CNet, Stephen Shankland discusses China's unpopular New IP plan, which would shift control of the development and operation of the internet to the ITU and a top-down design, damaging freedom of expression, and privacy, the opposite of today's multi-stakeholder model. Proponents of New IP hope to cement its status at November's World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly.
https://www.cnet.com/news/china-has-big-ideas-for-the-internet-too-bad-no-one-else-likes-them/

UK Government Forced to Abandon Biased Algorithms
----------------------------------------------------------------------
British immigrant rights advocates have forced the UK's Home Office to drop its StreamingTool algorithm, which assigned high, medium, or low risk scores to immigration applicants, on the basis that it is discriminatory, Todd Feathers reports at Vice. The algorithm's use of data from immigration raids and immigrants' nationality led it to disproportionately fast-track applicants from predominantly white countries while diverting others into a longer, more onerous review process. At the Guardian, Sally Weale and Heather Stewart report that, in a second such reversal, widespread protests forced the UK government to drop a "standardization model" algorithm that predicted university-qualifying A-level exam results after the exams themselves were canceled because of the pandemic. By iIncorporating students' locations and their each school's' historical results, led the algorithm to downgraded nearly 40% of students, generally those from state schools and poorer backgrounds, costing them their promised university places, and raised those from private schools and wealthy backgrounds.
https://www.vice.com/en_uk/article/935gka/uk-immigration-lawyers-fought-a-racist-algorithm-and-won
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2020/aug/17/a-levels-gcse-results-england-based-teacher-assessments-government-u-turn


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Designing AI for the Global South
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this chapter of the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of Ethics of AI, edited by Markus D. Dubber, Frank Pasquale, and Sunit Das, Chinmayi Arun considers the vulnerability of Global South populations to already-documented problems of bias, discrimination, oppression, exclusion and bad design of AI systems and argues that a human rights-centric, inclusive, empowering, context-driven approach is essential. We should be concerned, he writes, about the degree to which the AI industry is willing to experiment on human populations in the name of innovation.
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3403010

Parenting for a Digital Future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, Common Sense senior director of research Michael Robb interviews Sonia Livingston and Alicia Blum-Ross about their new book, Parenting for a Digital Future, which is based on years of extensive research with a diverse group of UK parents. With little precedent or support, today's parents struggle to find rules and values for their children's use of technologies that didn't exist when they were growing up.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3yuN1j1Dd_o

Nicaragua: Natalia Norori Promotes Open Science and Data Sharing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Forbes, Andrew Wight profiles Natalia Norori, a young Nicaraguan activist whose Health Data Sharing Is Caring and Open Access Button projects are, respectively, raising awareness of the lack of representation of vulnerable populations in health care datasets and its impact on global health, and helping people freely access academic research behind paywalls. The present pandemic has pushed already-weakened Latin American health care systems to the verge of collapse, and the lack of data infrastructure, standardized frameworks, and transparency are preventing these countries from truly measuring the impact of disease outbreaks on the hardest-hit populations, who are often invisible in data sets. In an opinion piece at Insider Higher Ed, Janet Napolitano argues that university research should be free to all, citing as an example the widespread sharing that is enabling scientists around the world to respond to the coronavirus pandemic with unprecedented speed.
https://www.forbes.com/sites/andrewwight/2020/07/19/this-nicaraguan-is-showing-how-to-better-share-pandemic-health-data/#17348bd43d44
https://www.insidehighered.com/views/2020/07/31/universities-should-commit-opening-their-research-everyone-opinion

Managing Humanitarian Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the Centre for Humdata summarizes its guidance note on how and whether to design and conduct data impact assessments to support humanitarians in their data management activities, developed in collaboration with the International Committee of the Red Cross, Privacy International, and UN Global Pulse. The note is the fifth in a series of eight guidance notes on data responsibility in humanitarian action.
https://centre.humdata.org/guidance-note-data-impact-assessments/

Research Group Develops Methods for Identifying Misinformation Campaigns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at UPI, Brooks Hayes outlines a new method, developed by a research team led by Princeton University, for identifying foreign misinformation campaigns in real time that the group hopes will help mitigate outside interference in the 2020 US presidential election. The team finds that such campaigns use two main methods: unusual content, which is relatively easy to find, and trolls masquerading as real users, whose patterns of subtle mistakes may give them away. The researchers' model uses machine learning to find these patterns, though they stress that as with any probabilistic model it would make mistakes at the level of specific accounts.
https://www.upi.com/Science_News/2020/07/22/Foreign-misinformation-campaigns-can-be-tracked-in-real-time-research-shows/7261595429365/

Gender Imbalance in Free Culture Movement Mirrors Computing Culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a paper at First Monday, Joseph Reagle finds that the free culture movement's gender balance is at least as skewed as that of the computing culture from which it sprang - even in communities such as Wikipedia and Ubuntu that recognize the need to be welcoming and supportive. After six years of study, he concludes that open communities are especially susceptible to difficult, potentially alienating, people and their values of openness and freedom are often used to justify problematic behavior.
https://firstmonday.org/article/view/4291/3381


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

MOVED ONLINE AI for Good
----------------------------------------
September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union, in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

MOVED ONLINE We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Date TBC
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considered the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online alternative to its annual conference on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law includes live seminars (recorded and available for later playback) on content moderation and the coronavirus (April 15), a series on Chinese law, trade, and intellectual property (beginning April 22 and extending through May), and the right to repair (August 28).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
Ongoing
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
May, 2020
Singularity University has an ongoing series of events. July will see four discussions on the topic of the future of food, agriculture, food supply chains, and nutrition. Past topics have included the future of work and AI.
https://su.org/events/

Transnational Institute
----------------------------------------
TNI's series of weekly COVID Capitalism webinars covers various aspects of transforming democracy, politics, and the economy for a fairer post-COVID world. June events include COVID-19 and incarceration (June 3); big tech, data, and human rights, a joint event with the Just Net Coalition (June 10); borders and migration (June 17); and the broken trade system (June 24).
https://www.tni.org/en/webinars


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

Big Tech and Antitrust Conference
----------------------------------------
October 3, 2020
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Yale Law School's Information Society Project and Thurman Arnold Project co-host a half-day conference to explore the role of antitrust and competition law in shaping the future of the digital economy. The conference will discuss the kinds of harms antitrust law needs to address in the digital age; the relationship between antitrust law and broader concerns such as privacy, innovation, and inequality; and policy recommendations, including changes in the interpretation of antitrust laws and doctrines, enforcement practices, and the institutional organization of agencies. We encourage submissions from all disciplines that contribute to related legal, economic, regulatory, or policy discussions.
https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/yale-law-school-events/big-tech-antitrust-conference

CANCELED Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

POSTPONED International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
New date TBC
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

CHANGED DATE Web Summit
----------------------------------------
December 2-4, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 14-15, 2021
Chicago, Illinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

TILTing Perspectives
----------------------------------------
May 19-21, 2021
Tilburg, the Netherlands
TILTing perspectives 2021 brings together, for the seventh time, researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas, and formulate, discuss, and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation.
https://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual reality, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending July 24, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Black Stripe Foundation, EIFL, Fundación Karisma, noyb.


NEWS
=====

Hong Kong Begins Imposing Censorship Under New Security Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Hong Kong government is creating web controls to comply with its new security law and has warned that non-compliance could include jail time for company employees, Paul Mozur reports at the New York Times. Many big technology companies have said they would stop complying with requests for user data from the Hong Kong authorities, and TikTok has announced it will withdraw its app entirely. Under the new law, the companies could be fined and have their equipment seized. At CNBC, Arjun Kharpal reports that a number of VPN companies have shut down their Hong Kong servers because of the new law. At Raw Story, Agence-France Presse reports that Hong Kong's government has ordered teachers and school librarians to review and remove books and learning materials that might breach the new law in any of the four categories of subversion, secession, terrorism, and colluding with foreign forces; libraries have already begun the process of removing titles for review.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/07/business/hong-kong-security-law-tech.html
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/07/17/vpn-firms-shut-down-hong-kong-servers-over-security-law-concerns.html
https://www.rawstory.com/2020/07/hong-kong-government-orders-schools-to-remove-books-breaching-new-security-law/


European Court of Justice Strikes Down EU-US Privacy Shield Agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Court of Justice has ruled in favor of Max Schrems and noyb and struck down the Privacy Shield transatlantic data sharing agreement on the grounds that its provisions do not sufficiently protect EU citizens from surveillance in the US, Stuart Lauchlan reports at Diginomica. The court also found that the US side is insufficiently policed; however, it said Standard Contractual Clauses can still be used as a legal basis provided that the receiving country "ensures an adequate level of data protection". In a statement, noyb says the ruling means that the US will have to change its surveillance laws if it wants American companies like Facebook to continue to play a major role in the European market and that the court has strengthened the data protection authorities' obligation to act.
https://diginomica.com/privacy-shield-shattered-once-and-all-stand-more-trouble-between-eu-and-us-over-transatlantic-data
https://noyb.eu/en/cjeu

Open Technology Fund Shift Endangers Internet Tools
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Michael Pack, the new chief executive of the US Agency for Global Media, has fired the top officials and bipartisan board at the agency's Open Technology Fund, Pranshu Verma and Edward Wong report at the New York Times. The fund has been important in developing tools supporting freedom and privacy, such as Signal and Tor, which are used by more than 2 billion people in 60 countries. Critics are concerned that a shift in the fund's focus could set back the fight for internet freedom by decades. Pack's move is being challenged in the courts. Verma and Wong note that the fund is under pressure to fund Ultrasurf, circumvention software favored by US political players who are members of Falun Gong. At Politico, Daniel Lippman reports that the fund is set to cancel its $2 million-a-year contract with Psiphon, a Canadian effort that makes the circumvention software currently used by audiences around the world to access publicly-funded US content without their government's awareness.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/04/us/politics/michael-pack-china-internet.html
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/07/17/encryption-software-dissidents-368424

Facebook Fails Independent Civil Rights Audit
----------------------------------------------------------------------
An independent audit of the state of civil rights on Facebook calls the company's handling of these issues is "too reactive and piecemeal", Rebecca Heilweil and Shirin Ghaffary report at Vox. Among the problems: allowing US president Donald Trump exceptional latitude; valuing free speech above all else; and the persistence of hate speech. In response, in a blog posting, COO Sheryl Sandberg said the company would put more of the audit's proposals into practice but won't make every change it calls for. At Mother Jones, Kevin Drum takes a contrarian view and highlights the audit's positive findings.
https://www.vox.com/recode/2020/7/9/21318896/facebook-civil-rights-audit-hate-speech-failed-zuckerberg-white-nationalism-sheryl-sandberg
https://about.fb.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Civil-Rights-Audit-Final-Report.pdf
https://about.fb.com/news/2020/07/civil-rights-audit-report/
https://www.motherjones.com/kevin-drum/2020/07/how-bad-is-facebooks-civil-rights-record/

Indian Authorities Use New Laws to Keep Protesters in Prison
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Indian authorities are using sedition and antiterrorism laws that criminalize everything from leading rallies to posting political messages on social media to avoid releasing protesters who were arrested earlier this year for demonstrating against India's controversial citizenship law, Sameer Yasir and Kai Schultz report at the New York Times. With the courts closed due to the country's coronavirus restrictions, lawyers can't file bail applications or meet their imprisoned clients privately.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/19/world/asia/india-activists-arrests-riots-coronavirus.html

Google Docs Emerges as a Tool for Social Organizing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Google Docs has emerged as a top tool for those organizing protests and education because it's more accessible, quicker, and more persistent and searchable than any social media site, Tanya Basu reports at MIT Technology Review. Social media is fine for publicizing movements, but is not suited to creating stable resources people can return to over time.
https://www.technologyreview.com/2020/06/06/1002546/google-docs-social-media-resistance/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Copyright Licensing Rules Pose Difficulties for Move to Online Education
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at EIFL, Teresa Hackett discusses the immediate challenge the COVID-19 pandemic is posing for the copyright and licensing framework as education moves online. Among her highlights: the different rules for offline and online teacher, the upcoming expiration of special access publishers granted at the beginning of the pandemic, ebook pricing models, inconsistencies in the scope of education exceptions, and the need for new approaches.
https://www.eifl.net/blogs/covid-lessons-copyright-and-online-learning

Privacy Laws Fail to Address Collective Harm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Q&A, Marietje Schaake and Martin Tisne discuss his new paper, "The Data Delusion: Protection Individuals Isn't Enough When the Harm Is Collective", which argues that the EU's General Data Protection Regulation fails to meet many current regulatory needs and that lack of funding and capacity has hobbled enforcement. Crucially, current laws fail to address collective harm; other cultures such as the indigenous data rights movement, may be a source of innovation in this area.
https://cyber.fsi.stanford.edu/news/data-delusion
https://cyber.fsi.stanford.edu/publication/data-delusion

Ethical and Practical Flaws Plague Immunity Passports
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the Ada Lovelace Institute recounts a recent livestream discussion of immunity passports that weighed up the practical potential against the ethical and human rights issues they bring. There are technical problems, in that scientists still don't know whether and for how long immunity to COVID-19 might last, while Françoise Baylis (Dalhousie University) noted the permanent damage that would come with creating a system for monitoring people; the proponents of these passports are already publicly envisioning their expansion as a broader health certificate.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/the-societal-impacts-of-introducing-a-public-health-identity-system-legal-social-and-ethical-issues/

Smart Cities, Data, and Power
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, the Benchmark Initiative hosts a discussion of smart cities, data, and power featuring experienced urban managers and data users. How, moderator Maria Farrell asks, can we ensure that smart city implementations do not replicate or amplify existing inequalities in society? The need to share data to combat the coronavirus has made this question more urgent.
https://vimeo.com/438848889

US Efforts Derail South African Copyright Reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast, Michael Geist interviews South African documentary filmmaker Ben Cashdan, founder of the Black Stripe Foundation production company, who argues that US efforts to derail South African copyright reform is a racist policy. South Africa has spent a decade trying to update its copyright law in response to concerns from creators, educators, and the visually impaired, only to have the bill derailed after passing the parliament because of the pressure the US has placed on South African president Cyril Ramaphosa not to sign it.
https://www.michaelgeist.ca/2020/07/lawbytes-podcast-episode-59/

Colombia's Pandemic Tools Fail Privacy Analysis
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Fundación Karisma, Stéphane Labarthe and Andrés Velasquez find that the technological tools adopted by the Colombian government to curb the coronavirus do not provide information about the purposes, fail to comply with basic data protection requirements, and recklessly deploy solutions that put the sensitive data relating to hundreds of thousands of users at risk. They conclude by offering recommendations for improvement.
https://web.karisma.org.co/notificaciones-de-exposicion-a-traves-de-publicidad-wtf/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

 PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

HACKERS ON PLANET EARTH
----------------------------------------
July 25-August 2, 2020
New York, NY, USA
As part of reimagining the convention as an online event, HOPE will expand to nine days filled with the normal number of talks. Ticket-buyers will have exclusive access to presenters to ask questions, participate in workshops, and interact with other attendees, and will also receive an exclusive conference T-shirt and badge. HOPE expects that some who would have trouble traveling to the US will now be able to attend. The program is still being finalized. HOPE expects to return as a physical conference in 2021.
https://www.2600.com

RESPONSIBLE DATA SUMMIT
----------------------------------------
July 28-August 18, 2020
In a series of multiple tracks over multiple weeks, the Responsible Data Summit will run a virtual convening space that brings together top thought leaders in the field of AI - innovative technologists, entrepreneurs, policymakers, and advocates. The goal is to tackle the problem of building a responsible data economy.
https://responsibledata.ai/

DEF CON SAFE MODE
----------------------------------------
August 7-9, 2020
DEFCON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://forum.defcon.org/node/232005

Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security
----------------------------------------
August 9-11, 2020
The 16th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will include technical papers, workshops and tutorials, lightning talks, and a poster session.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2020

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups. They've drawn thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/


ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considered the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces. All events are posted on Vimeo soon after they conclude (https://vimeo.com/user40391998/videos).
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Recent events include a session on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
April-May
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
May-June 2020,
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online alternative to its annual conference on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law includes live seminars (recorded and available for later playback) on content moderation and the coronavirus (April 15); a series on Chinese law, trade, and intellectual property (beginning April 22 and extending through May); and the right to repair (August 28).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
Ongoing
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
May, 2020
Singularity University has an ongoing series of events. July will see four discussions on the topic of the future of food, agriculture, food supply chains, and nutrition. Past topics have included the future of work and AI.
https://su.org/events/

Transnational Institute
----------------------------------------
TNI's series of weekly COVID Capitalism webinars covers various aspects of transforming democracy, politics, and the economy for a fairer post-COVID world. June events include COVID-19 and incarceration (June 3); big tech, data, and human rights, a joint event with the Just Net Coalition (June 10); borders and migration (June 17); and the broken trade system (June 24).
https://www.tni.org/en/webinars


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED 86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
September 11-12, 2020
Chicago, Ilinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union, in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

POSTPONED We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Awaiting update
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Big Tech and Antitrust Conference
----------------------------------------
October 3, 2020
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Yale Law School's Information Society Project and Thurman Arnold Project co-host a half-day conference to explore the role of antitrust and competition law in shaping the future of the digital economy. The conference will discuss the kinds of harms antitrust law needs to address in the digital age; the relationship between antitrust law and broader concerns such as privacy, innovation, and inequality; and policy recommendations, including changes in the interpretation of antitrust laws and doctrines, enforcement practices, and the institutional organization of agencies. We encourage submissions from all disciplines that contribute to related legal, economic, regulatory, or policy discussions.
https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/yale-law-school-events/big-tech-antitrust-conference

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 2-5, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual relity, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending July 10, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Access Now, APC, EFF, Internetlab, PIJIP, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

China Imposes New National Security Law on Hong Kong
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Chinese government has imposed a new national security law on Hong Kong that enshrines sweeping powers that critics say will suppress the city's traditional freedoms, Lily Kuo and Verna Yu report at the Guardian. The law, which criminalizes "endangering national security", applies to Hong Kong permanent residents, non-residents, and people outside Hong Kong who violate the law; it awards Hong Kong police powers to intercept communications, conduct covert surveillance, and request information from service providers and overseas political organizations and authorities. At the Guardian, Helen Davidson and Verna Yu report that a day after the law came into force Hong Kong police arrested more than 180 protesters, at least 30 of them for offenses under the new law such as illegal assembly, and pepper-sprayed dozens of observing journalists. The Hong Kong Free Press provides a full English translation of the law.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/30/controversial-hong-kong-national-security-law-comes-into-effect
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/01/hong-kong-activists-call-for-protests-over-security-law-as-city-marks-handover-anniversary
https://hongkongfp.com/2020/07/01/in-full-english-translation-of-the-hong-kong-national-security-law/

South African President Sends Copyright Bill Back to Parliament
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Claiming constitutional concerns, South African president Cyril Ramaphosa returned to Parliament for further consideration for the Copyright Amendment Bill and the Performers' Protection Amendment Bill, Laura Kayali reports at Politico. The bills had been on his desk awaiting his signature for 15 months. The US has openly threatened South Africa with withdrawal of investment if the bills become law; former MEP Julia Reda has obtained dozens of internal European Commission documents that show that behind the scenes the EU has also opposed the legislation. At InfoJustice, Mike Palmedo publishes analyses of Ramaphosa's constitutional arguments from experts such as Sean Flynn (PIJIP), who argue that none of the dozen countries that have enacted similar exceptions have been challenged under international law and question Ramaphosa's timing if his concern really is constitutional issues.
https://www.politico.eu/article/how-washington-and-brussels-pressured-south-africa-to-delay-copyright-reform/amp/
http://infojustice.org/archives/42426

Social Media Platforms Suspend Trump Supporters' Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Citing "hateful content", Twitch has temporarily suspended Donald Trump's campaign account, Reddit deactivated the biggest pro-Trump subreddit, "The_Donald", and YouTube banned several prominent white supremacist accounts, Gilad Edelman reports at Wired. Edelman suggests the timing may be as much due to Trump's drop in the polls as to public protests. At the Guardian, Joan E. Greve adds that despite Trump's May Executive Order seeking to amend the theCommunications Decency Act's S230 liability shield, Snapchat says it will no longer promote Trump's posts on its Discover channel, and Facebook has taken down Trump campaign ads that included a Nazi-associated symbol. The Trump campaign is threfore experimenting with alternative platforms such as Twitter clone Parler that have "no-censorship" policies, but is finding they don't have the same reach. At the New York Times, Kevin Roose suggests the moves represent a step change that will make the unregulated web "more accountable, more self-aware, and less willfully naïve". At The New Yorker, Anna Wiener calls the debate over modifying S230 "outdated", surveys the platforms' efforts to self-regulate and experiment with different moderation strategies and models of platform governance, and considers alternative approaches such as algorithmic transparency or registration as public-benefit corporations.
https://www.wired.com/story/twitch-reddit-hammer-team-trump-social-media/
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2020/jul/05/trump-twitter-social-media-reddit-parler
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/02/technology/goodbye-to-the-wild-wild-web.html
https://www.newyorker.com/news/letter-from-silicon-valley/trump-twitter-facebook-and-the-future-of-online-speech

India Bans 59 Chinese Apps
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Indian Ministry of Information Technology has banned 59 apps of Chinese origin including TikTok, WeChat, Shareit, and Baidu Map, Rahul Shrivastava reports at India Today. The government, which cited Section 69A of the Information Technology Act read in conjunction with provisions of the Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Blocking of Access of Information by Public) Rules 2009, said the apps were engaged in activities that were prejudicial to the sovereignty, integrity, and defense of India. At Wired, Varsha Bansal reports that the sudden shutdown has broken TikTok's Indian influencer base, leaving 1.2 million creators stranded with no audience and no income.
https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/centre-announces-ban-chinese-apps-privacy-issues-1695265-2020-06-29
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/tiktok-india-ban

Brazilian Senate Passes "Fake News" Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Brazilian Senate has passed the fourth version of a bill that creates a self-regulatory regime for platforms with more than 2 million users to identify and limit the production and spread of online disinformation and defamatory content, Angelica Mari reports at ZDNet. The bill would require companies to ban accounts set up to spread false content, require bots to be clearly marked, and disclose details such as the amount spent and the source of material related to political campaigning. Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro has said he may veto the bill if it passes Congress. At Poynter, Harrison Mantas summarizes criticism and quotes Internetlab director Francisco Brito Cruz, who says the bill was hastily drafted without expert legal and technical input and that the bill's requirement that social media account holders provide an identity document and cellphone number will deprive many low-income Brazilians of access. At EFF, Veridiana Alimonti gives background on the bill and finds that the latest draft will strike down settled privacy and freedom of expression safeguards.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/brazilian-senate-passes-fake-news-bill/
https://www.poynter.org/fact-checking/2020/brazilian-fact-checkers-warn-a-proposed-fake-news-bill-will-do-more-harm-than-good/0
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/06/current-brazils-fake-news-bill-would-dismantle-crucial-rights-online-and-fast

ECOWAS Court Rules Togo Internet Shutdown Was Illegal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now celebrates the ruling by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Community Court of Justice that the Togolese government's action in ordering an internet shutdown during the country's 2017 protests was illegal. Access Now was one of eight organizations - the others included APC, Article 19, the Internet Freedom Foundation, and CIPESA - that filed amici curiae briefs in the lawsuit, which was brought by Amnesty International Togo and Media Defence on behalf of seven Togolese NGOs and a journalist.
https://www.accessnow.org/internet-shutdowns-in-togo-illegal/
https://www.mediadefence.org/sites/default/files/files/Togo%20Press%20Release.pdf


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Facial Recognition Supercharges Police Abuse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Atlantic, Malkia Devich-Cyril discusses the role facial recognition plays in the brutal policing that has sparked the Black Lives Matter movement, for example helping Homeland Security and other police forces identify and arrest BLM protesters. Devich-Cyril says she has warned for a decade that facial recognition and biometrics would be used to "supercharge police abuses of power and worsen racial discrimination", and argues that facial recognition, like earlier forms of scientific racism, creates new threats while reproducing and supersizing racial inequality.
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2020/07/defund-facial-recognition/613771/

The Conversation Shows Potential for New Journalism Business Models
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Columbia Journalism Review, Anya Schiffrin examines the rising success of The Conversation, a non-profit project that pairs experienced journalists and editors with academics to produce freely accessible scholarly articles for a general audience. Since the pandemic began, submissions have tripled in some areas, and global visits have more than doubled. The Conversation's business model varies by region; in some areas it's funded by foundations and in others by universities, the state, and research institutions.
https://www.cjr.org/the_profile/the-conversation-covid-19.php

Pandemic-related Surveillance Could Become Permanent
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Guardian, Oliver Holmes, Justin McCurry, and Michael Safi cite digital experts who warn that the extensive surveillance measures introduced around the world to curb the pandemic are widening and becoming entrenched despite having been enacted as "temporary". Digital tracking is in use in 35 countries and half of the 28 or more countries in which contact tracing apps have been deployed use GPS location data and do not disclose how long users' data is stored. At Privacy International, staff provide analyses of trends from its coronavirus global response tracker.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/18/coronavirus-mass-surveillance-could-be-here-to-stay-tracking
https://privacyinternational.org/examples/tracking-global-response-covid-19

Facebook Faces Advertising Boycott
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Politico, Nancy Scola tells the inside story of the creation of the #StopHateForProfit campaign, which sees numerous advertisers boycotting Facebook because of the company's "repeated failure to meaningfully address the vast proliferation of hate on its platforms". Leading the campaign, which has its roots in post-2016 election outrage, is a coalition of civil rights groups including the Anti-Defamation League, Free Press, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In a statement, the campaign reports that at a meeting with its leaders Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg offered "the same old defense" but no new concrete plans, and provides recommendations. At Newsweek, Jason Murdock reports that Verizon has joined the boycott and collects comments from leading advertisers including Ben & Jerry's and Patagonia; he also notes that Facebook staff members are protesting the company's decision not to remove a post by US president Donald Trump during the Black Lives Matter protests that suggested the authorities could start shooting looters. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr compares Facebook to North Korea because neither the US Congress nor the EU has been able to hold it to account; if the advertiser boycott also fails, she believes it will be a pivotal moment in its existential threat to democracy. At the Columbia Journalism Review, Jacob Silverman surveys journalists on the complexity and frustration of reporting on Facebook, and finds that the company operates with "the secrecy of an intelligence agency and the authority of a state government".
https://www.newsweek.com/facebook-stop-hate-profit-advertising-boycott-full-list-companies-businesses-1513573
https://naacp.org/latest/statement-stop-hate-profit-meeting-facebook/
https://www.politico.com/news/magazine/2020/07/03/activists-advertising-boycott-facebook-348528
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/jul/05/facebook-is-out-of-control-if-it-were-a-country-it-would-be-north-korea
https://www.cjr.org/special_report/reporting-on-facebook.php

Finding What's "Good" in Technosociety
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, the Ada Lovelace Institute presents its panel on "What does 'good' look like in a technosociety?" from COGX 2020, featuring Thomas Hughes, former director of Article 19 and new director of Oversight Board Administration for Facebook, and Safiya Umoja Noble, author of Algorithms of Oppression. Framing the discussion as one of ethics, Noble says, depoliticizes the way platforms are implicated in the real harms of their use as a global amplifier of hate and avoids deeper structural analysis.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/what-does-good-look-like-in-a-technosociety/

How to Oppose the Link Tax
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast episode, Michael Geist interviews former MEP Julia Reda about her experiences working on copyright reform in the EU and the battle over the "link tax" in order to help plan the appropriate response to similar proposals that Canada is expected to put into legislative proposals in the autumn. In countries like France and Germany, which have experimented with such a law, the result was that large publishers gave Google a free license and wasted precious resources on court cases, while smaller publishers were locked out.
https://www.michaelgeist.ca/2020/06/lawbytes-podcast-episode-57/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

HACKERS ON PLANET EARTH
----------------------------------------
July 25-August 2, 2020
New York, NY, USA
As part of reimagining the convention as an online event, HOPE will expand to nine days filled with the normal number of talks. Ticket-buyers will have exclusive access to presenters to ask questions, participate in workshops, and interact with other attendees, and will also receive an exclusive conference T-shirt and badge. HOPE expects that some who would have trouble traveling to the US will now be able to attend. The program is still being finalized. HOPE expects to return as a physical conference in 2021.
https://www.2600.com

RESPONSIBLE DATA SUMMIT
----------------------------------------
July 28-August 18, 2020
In a series of multiple tracks over multiple weeks, the Responsible Data Summit will run a virtual convening space that brings together top thought leaders in the field of AI - innovative technologists, entrepreneurs, policymakers, and advocates. The goal is to tackle the problem of  building a responsible data economy.
https://responsibledata.ai/

DEF CON SAFE MODE
----------------------------------------
August 7-9, 2020
DEFCON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://forum.defcon.org/node/232005

Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security
----------------------------------------
August 9-11, 2020
The 16th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will include technical papers, workshops and tutorials, lightning talks, and a poster session.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2020

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups. They've drawn thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic. The July 8 event considers the impact of rolling out a public health identity system.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Benchmark Initiative
----------------------------------------
The Benchmark Initiative is running regular events on topics such as the safe use of location data in human migration; data, power, and the pandemic; and managing social distancing in public spaces.
https://benchmarkinitiative.com/event

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Coming up toward the end of May are events on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
April-May
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
May-June 2020
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online alternative to its annual conference on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law includes live seminars (recorded and available for later playback) on content moderation and the coronavirus (April 15); a series on Chinese law, trade, and intellectual property (beginning April 22 and extending through May); and the right to repair (August 28).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://londonfuturists.com/forthcoming-meetings/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
Ongoing
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
May, 2020
Singularity University has an ongoing series of events. July will see four discussions on the topic of the future of food, agriculture, food supply chains, and nutrition. Past topics have included the future of work and AI.
https://su.org/events/

Transnational Institute
----------------------------------------
TNI's series of weekly COVID Capitalism webinars covers various aspects of transforming democracy, politics, and the economy for a fairer post-COVID world. June events include COVID-19 and incarceration (June 3); big tech, data, and human rights, a joint event with the Just Net Coalition (June 10); borders and migration (June 17); and the broken trade system (June 24).
https://www.tni.org/en/webinars


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED 86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
September 11-12, 2020
Chicago, Ilinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union, in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

POSTPONED We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Awaiting update
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Big Tech and Antitrust Conference
----------------------------------------
October 3, 2020
New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Yale Law School's Information Society Project and Thurman Arnold Project co-host a half-day conference to explore the role of antitrust and competition law in shaping the future of the digital economy. The conference will discuss the kinds of harms antitrust law needs to address in the digital age; the relationship between antitrust law and broader concerns such as privacy, innovation, and inequality; and policy recommendations, including changes in the interpretation of antitrust laws and doctrines, enforcement practices, and the institutional organization of agencies. We encourage submissions from all disciplines that contribute to related legal, economic, regulatory, or policy discussions.
https://law.yale.edu/yls-today/yale-law-school-events/big-tech-antitrust-conference

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 2-5, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual relity, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending June 26, 2020
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EFF, La Quadrature du Net, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

Manila Court Convicts Maria Ressa under Cyber Libel Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A court in Manila has convicted Maria Ressa, the Philippines' most prominent journalist, and a former colleague at Rappler, the news site she founded in 2012, of cyber libel, Jason Gutierrez and Alexandra Stevenson report at the New York Times. Each was fined $8,000 and could face up to six years in prison. Ressa faces seven more charges, including tax evasion, all of which she has denied. Index on Censorship calls the verdict "part of a campaign to silence dissenting voices in the Philippines". At Rappler, Lian Buan provides legal background and analysis of the verdict. Finally, at YouTube, the Center for Investigative Journalism presents Ressa's talk at last year's summer school, where she described the challenges and successes of founding and running Rappler.
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/journalist-maria-ressa-found-guilty-of-cyber-libel-by-philippines-court/
https://www.indexoncensorship.org/2020/06/english-pen-and-index-on-censorship-condemn-prison-sentence-for-filipino-journalist-maria-ressa/
https://www.rappler.com/nation/263749-verdict-primer-legal-factual-issues-rappler-maria-ressa-cyber-libel-case
https://youtu.be/5ii4v2Fl-lQ

Big Tech Backs Away from Facial Recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a letter to US Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ) and Kamala Harris (D-CA) and US Representatives Karen Bass (D-CA), Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY), and Jerrold Nadler (D-NY), IBM CEO Arvind Krishna announced the company will no longer offer, develop, or research general-purpose facial recognition technology, Jay Peters reports at The Verge. Krishna went on to say that a national dialogue is needed to decide whether and how facial recognition should be employed by law enforcement. Within days, Isobel Asher Hamilton reports at Business Insider, Amazon and Microsoft promised to stop selling facial recognition systems to police, apparently inspired by the George Floyd murder and ensuing Black Lives Matter protests. At Fast Company, Kate Kaye looks at reactions to the ban, and quotes Safiya Noble, author of Algorithms of Oppression, who says the bans don't go far enough; instead what's needed is a wholesale recall of the technology. The Moscow Times reports that facial recognition cameras named "Orwell" will be installed in more than 43,000 Russian schools to ensure children's safety, take attendance, monitor teachers' working hours, and facilitate distance learning.
https://www.theverge.com/2020/6/8/21284683/ibm-no-longer-general-purpose-facial-recognition-analysis-software
https://www.businessinsider.com/amazon-microsoft-ibm-halt-selling-facial-recognition-to-police-2020-6
https://www.fastcompany.com/90516450/ibm-microsoft-and-amazons-face-recognition-bans-dont-go-far-enough
https://www.themoscowtimes.com/2020/06/16/russia-to-install-orwell-facial-recognition-tech-in-every-school-vedomosti-a70585

CJEU Strikes Down Hungary's NGO Foreign Funding Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that Hungary's 2017 Transparency of Organizations Receiving Foreign Funds law, which requires NGOs to register if they receive more than HUF7.2 million (€20,000) in foreign funding or face being shut down, is discriminatory and imposes restrictions contrary to EU rules, Lily Bayer reports at Politico. The law sparked protests in Hungary, and in July 2017 the European Commission began an infringement proceeding on the basis that it interferes with fundamental rights, particularly freedom of association.
https://www.politico.eu/article/hungary-ngo-law-struck-down-eu-top-court/
https://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/voices/european-union-court-rejects-hungarian-ngo-funding-law


French Constitutional Council Rejects Hate Speech Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The French Constitutional Council has rejected the law passed in May that requires social media companies and search engines to remove flagged hate speech within 24 hours and flagged terrorist propaganda and child sexual abuse material within one hour or face substantial fines, Romain Dillet reports at TechCrunch. The Council objected that the law would lead to censorship because the technical list of illicit content makes deciding what should and should not be banned difficult, and the short amount of time prohibits asking a court. At Politico, Laura Kayali notes that the European Commission wrote to the French government in November asking it to wait for the Digital Services Act to create an EU-wide standard on policing illegal content online and cited a warning from La Quadrature du Net that the law puts the police in charge of deciding censorship criteria. At EFF, Christoph Schmon calls the French bill "privatized enforcement" and summarizes the amicus brief it filed to support a challenge brought by 60 French senators to the French Supreme Court before the bill's promulgation.
https://techcrunch.com/2020/06/19/french-constitutional-authority-rejects-law-forcing-online-platforms-to-delete-hate-speech-content/
https://www.politico.eu/article/france-gives-final-green-light-to-law-cracking-down-on-hate-speech-online/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/06/eff-files-amicus-brief-top-french-court-bring-down-controversial-avia-bill

University of California and Springer Nature Reach Open Access Agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The University of California system and Springer Nature have reached agreement on an open access deal under which the publisher commits to explore making all articles published by UC corresponding authors free to read on publication, starting in 2022, Jeffrey Brainard reports at Science. The deal gives UC reading access to 1,000 more journals than under its current contract. In a press release, MIT Libraries announce that they have ended negotiations with Elsevier for a new journal contract because Elsevier could not meet the open access principles enshrined in the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts, which has now been endorsed by 100 other institutions. At the New York Times, Roni Caryn Rabin looks at the time and volume pressures the pandemic has placed on medical journals and asks if the peer review process can survive after The Lancet and the New England Journal of Medicine both had to hastily retract papers whose flaws were discovered by journalists rather than scientific reviewers.
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/06/huge-open-access-journal-deal-inked-university-california-and-springer-nature
http://news.mit.edu/2020/guided-by-open-access-principles-mit-ends-elsevier-negotiations-0611
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/14/health/virus-journals.html

EU Opens Two Antitrust Investigations into Apple
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The EU has opened two antitrust investigations into Apple, Katie Collins reports at CNet. One, which covers the App Store, was triggered by Spotify's 2019 complaint about the 30% commission Apple charges on in-app purchases, which claims that Apple is distorting competition in areas where it competes with other app developers. The other, which covers Apple Pay, focuses on the restrictions Apple places on how rival apps and services use the iPhone's near field communications capabilities, which the EU's antitrust commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, argues are particularly important as the pandemic pushes many consumers and retailers to prefer contactless payments. At Engadget, Mariella Moon reports that Basecamp CEO Jason Fried has written an open letter to explain that the App Store's payment policies forcibly insert Apple between companies and their customers by barring companies from accepting payment via any route outside the App Store and on that basis refusing to include Basecamp's "Hey" multi-platform subscription email service. Fried complains the real issue is lack of choice: Apple's policies limit companies' options for offering discounts, refunds, and exemptions.
https://www.cnet.com/news/eu-opens-antitrust-investigations-into-apple-pay-and-the-app-store/
https://www.engadget.com/basecamp-ceo-open-letter-apple-184856268.html



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================    

UK Political Parties Base Profiling on Inaccurate Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, the Open Rights Group studies the data profiling activities of the UK's main political parties, and finds, based on subject access requests that the data is highly inaccurate, that profiling does not work, and that the legal basis under data protection law is questionable. ORG recommends moving to an opt-in basis for profiling, and clarifying the legal basis; it also provides a tool individuals can use to help them understand the data parties have on them. In a Twitter thread, fantasy writer Claire Ryan explains the data corruption consequences for the Trump campaign of a prank in which teens on TikTok registered with fake email addresses and Google phone numbers for hundreds of thousands of tickets to his Tulsa, Oklahoma rally that they had no intention of using.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/campaign/who-do-they-think-you-are/
https://twitter.com/aetherlev/status/1274726592481091587

US Public Health Officials Face Violent Threats
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, Quartz considers the impact of the request by Team Telecom, a committee under the US Department of Justice, that the Federal Communications Commission block approval for the planned Pacific Light Cable Network. The 8,000-mile cable, announced in 2016 as a partnership between Google, Facebook, and others, would be the first direct US-Hong Kong submarine connection and is intended to turn Hong Kong into a global data hub. Team Telecom cited "national security" concerns and threats to US persons' data.
https://qz.com/1870356/google-facebook-internet-cable-caught-in-us-china-tensions/

Coming Attractions: Death or Utopia in the Next Few Decades
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this YouTube clip of a recent Stanford seminar, a group including Silicon Valley journalist John Markoff, Foresight Institute co-founder Carol Dumaine, and Penn State environmental expert Michael Mann, among others, discuss the challenges of the next three decades: the end of Moore's Law, the disrupted global economy, and the existential risk of climate change. The way we view the future is significant, Marjkoff argues, because so many of today's technologies have been inspired by science fiction.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QJLhM-5i9Y4

Pandemic Raises Financial Challenge for Journalism Despite Rising Demand for News
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Nic Newman summarizes this year's digital news report from the Reuters Institute, which finds, based on surveys in the UK, US, Germany, Spain, South Korea, and Argentina, that the pandemic has fueled consumption of news from both traditional and online, but is causing income to crater as advertisers prepare for the inevitable recession. The report examines the growing importance of email newsletters and podcasts in increasing engagement and loyalty and considers the good and bad sides of paywalls, which provide a revenue stream but lock away quality journalism at a time when public access is sorely needed. It also finds that 60% of those surveyed prefer news that has no particular point of view.
http://www.digitalnewsreport.org/survey/2020/overview-key-findings-2020/

Citizen Lab Data Leads to Criminal Hacking-for-Hire Investigation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Nicole Hong, Barry Meier, and Ronen Bergman outline a federal criminal investigation into a hacking-for-hire operation that over many years has targeted the email accounts of government officials, journalists, banks, environmental activists, and other individuals. The investigation is based on information provided by Citizen Lab in a new report that finds that hiring hackers may be a common practice among private investigators. In the case covered by the Times, Citizen Lab has concluded with "high confidence" that the operation was carried out by a company in India that advertises "ethical hacking" services. One man, who ran a private investigations company in Israel, has already been arrested and charged with four criminal counts.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/09/nyregion/exxon-mobil-hackers-greenpeace.html

EU Considers AI's Future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Joanna Bryson, professor of technology and ethics at Berlin's Hertie School, critiques the EU's white paper consultation on AI, which she believes is heading in the right direction. Among her main points, explaining AI is actually easy; humans are always the responsible parties; more data doesn't automatically mean more intelligence; and the EU needs to add program code, architecture documents, and specifications to the list of documents companies are required to be able to produce for inspection. In its latest issue of Technology Quarterly, the Economist outlines the limitations of AI; for both practical and cognitive reasons we need a new breakthrough to make any further progress.
https://joanna-bryson.blogspot.com/2020/06/regulating-ai-as-pervasive-technology.html
https://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2020/06/11/an-understanding-of-ais-limitations-is-starting-to-sink-in

***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

 PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

HACKERS ON PLANET EARTH
----------------------------------------
July 25-August 2, 2020
New York, NY, USA
As part of reimagining the convention as an online event, HOPE will expand to nine days filled with the normal number of talks. Ticket-buyers will have exclusive access to presenters to ask questions, participate in workshops, and interact with other attendees, and will also receive an exclusive conference T-shirt and badge. HOPE expects that some who would have trouble traveling to the US will now be able to attend. The program is still being finalized. HOPE expects to return as a physical conference in 2021.
https://www.2600.com

DEF CON SAFE MODE
----------------------------------------
August 7-9, 2020
DEFCON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://forum.defcon.org/node/232005

Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security
----------------------------------------
August 9-11, 2020
The 16th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will include technical papers, workshops and tutorials, lightning talks, and a poster session.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2020

ONGOING

Ada Lovelace Institute
----------------------------------------
London's Ada Lovelace Institute, founded in 2019 to ensure the ethical use of AI, is running a series of events on the issues surrounding the use of technologies in response to the pandemic.
https://www.adalovelaceinstitute.org/events/

Bace Security
----------------------------------------
Recent webinars sponsored by Bace Security include a "fireside" discussion of voting methods with Rebecca Mercuri, conducted the first security analysis of electronic voting in 2000, and security veteran Peter Neumann, and methods for privacy-protecting digital contact tracing with Arka Bala (ContextGrid) and serial entrepreneur and investor Aman Johan.
https://www.bacesecurity.org/page/2686

Civic Hall
----------------------------------------
New York's Civic Hall has moved a number of events online. Coming up toward the end of May are events on designing stories to expose racial inequities and an interactive discussion of the new book by Sasha Costanza-Chock, Design Justice: Community-Led Practices to Build the Worlds We Need.
https://civichall.org/event-calendar/

Data & Society
----------------------------------------
April-May
Data & Society has moved its weekly Databites and Network Power Hours programs into online interactive formats for the rest of 2020.
Databites: https://datasociety.net/library/design-justice/
Network Power Hours: https://datasociety.net/library/community-and-accessibility-online/

EFF
----------------------------------------
EFF and its local counterparts in the Electronic Frontier Alliance are running numerous events on subjects such as technology education, open source, voting security, and content moderation.
https://www.eff.org/events/list?type=event

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
Future in Review is running a series of online "FiReSide" events. Recent topics include China and the future technology struggle.
https://www.futureinreview.com/fireside/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
----------------------------------------
May-June 2020,
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online alternative to its annual conference on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law includes live seminars (recorded and available for later playback) on content moderation and the coronavirus (April 15); a series on Chinese law, trade, and intellectual property (beginning April 22 and extending through May); and the right to repair (August 28).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/

London Futurists
----------------------------------------
The London Futurists group, led by former Psion and Symbian architect David Wood, is presenting near-weekly speaker-led events focusing on potential radical transformations of humanity and society. Upcoming topics include genetic engineering (May 16). Event recordings are made available soon after meetings conclude.
https://www.meetup.com/London-Futurists/events/past/

Open Data Institute
----------------------------------------
The ODI's Friday lunchtime talks have moved online. These one-hour talks cover topics such as data ethics, social equity, and trust.
https://theodi.org/events/talks/

Open Rights Group
----------------------------------------
Ongoing
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running frequent online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included the launch of ORG's data and democracy report, a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, and the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Public Knowledge
----------------------------------------
Public Knowledge is running public web events on subjects such as algorithmic amplification of hate speech, the survival of local journalism, and how to protect privacy during a pandemic.
https://www.publicknowledge.org/events/

RUSI
----------------------------------------
London's Royal United Services Institute is running frequent online events considering topics relating to international politics, terrorism, financial crime, policing, and warfare, as well as the COVID-19 pandemic and the changes it will bring.
https://rusi.org/event/mapping-pandemic-policing-uk-during-covid-19

Singularity University
----------------------------------------
May, 2020
Singularity University has an ongoing series of events. July will see four discussions on the topic of the future of food, agriculture, food supply chains, and nutrition. Past topics have included the future of work and AI.
https://su.org/events/

Transnational Institute
----------------------------------------
TNI's series of weekly COVID Capitalism webinars covers various aspects of transforming democracy, politics, and the economy for a fairer post-COVID world. June events include COVID-19 and incarceration (June 3); big tech, data, and human rights, a joint event with the Just Net Coalition (June 10); borders and migration (June 17); and the broken trade system (June 24).
https://www.tni.org/en/webinars


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

CANCELED Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen, Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

MOVED ONLINE FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

MOVED ONLINE Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups. They've drawn thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

CANCELED 86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
September 11-12, 2020
Chicago, Ilinois, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union, in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CANCELED EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly

POSTPONED We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Awaiting update
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

Privacy Law Forum
----------------------------------------
October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-forum/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 2-5, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
At a time of great uncertainty for many industries and indeed, the world itself, Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers and heads of state to ask a simple question: Where to next?
https://websummit.com/

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
November 6-9, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
Freedom not Fear is supported by a broad alliance including political parties, professional associations, trade unions, and freedom activists and hopes to join forces with NGOs from all over the world in order to build a strong alliance to oppose the threat increasing surveillance poses to freedom of speech in a digitized world and privacy in the knowledge society.
https://www.freedomnotfear.org/

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

WEIS
----------------------------------------
December 14-15, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 27-29, 2021
Brussels, Belgium
As a world-leading multidisciplinary conference CPDP offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP 2021, "Enforcing Rights in a Changing World", will gather academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry, and civil society from all over the world to offer an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

Privacy Law Scholars 2021
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2021 TBC
Washington, DC, USA
Privacy Law Scholars is a paper workshop intended to improve the quality of legal scholarship in the area of privacy. Participants submit works-in-progress for workshop discussions led by commenters on the papers.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

CPDP LatAm 2021
----------------------------------------
Postponed from June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

DEF CON 29
----------------------------------------
August 5-8, 2021
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
Def Con is one of the oldest and best-attended hacker conferences. Each year it attracts thousands of professional and amateur security researchers.
https://www.defcon.org

Singularity University Global Summit 2021
----------------------------------------
August 23-25, 2021
Los Angeles, California, USA
Global Summit 2021
Singularity University's premier annual gathering brings together 2,000 changemakers for talks on AI, augmented/virtual relity, blockchain, the future of work, impact, investing, robotics and more.
https://su.org/summits/su-global-summit/

World Library and Information Congress 2021
----------------------------------------
August 2021
Rotterdam, Netherlands
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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