News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending June 28, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, Creative Commons, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

US considers punishing local data storage laws by limiting access to work visas
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US has told India it is considering limiting the number of H-1B visas issued to skilled workers from countries that require foreign companies to store data locally, Neha Dasgupta and Aditya Kalra report at Reuters. Indians currently receive an estimated 70% of these visas; the cap would be set between 10% and 15%. India's data storage laws particularly affect payments companies such as Mastercard and Visa.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-india-exclusive-idUSKCN1TK2LG

Facebook-led consortium announces global digital currency
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Facebook has announced Libra, a digital currency to be governed by a consortium that includes Visa, Mastercard, Paypal, Coinbase, Andreessen Horowitz, Stripe, Uber, Lyft, and Spotify, as well as non-profits Kiva, and Women's World Banking, Frank Chaparro and Aislinn Keely report at The Block. Corporate members pay $10 million to participate. At the New York Times, Matt Stoller finds four problems: the commingling of user and financial data is dangerous for both privacy and security; insiders can selectively exploit data in anti-competitive ways; theft or hacking of Libra could place the entire financial system at risk; and Libra challenges national security and sovereignty. At the Guardian, Alex Hern finds that user activity on Facebook has dropped by almost 20% in the last year. At Pymnts.com, Karen Webster details Libra's system design, and explains why it won't bring financial inclusion for the world's 1.7 billion unbanked people as Facebook claims. Finally, at the Guardian, John Harris argues that Libra risks entrenching Facebook so deeply that governments will never be able to challenge it.
https://www.theblockcrypto.com/2019/06/14/facebooks-cryptocurrency-partners-revealed-we-obtained-the-entire-list-of-inaugural-backers/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/19/opinion/facebook-currency-libra.html
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/20/facebook-usage-collapsed-since-scandal-data-shows
https://www.pymnts.com/facebook/2019/what-the-launch-of-facebooks-libra-means-for-payments/
https://www.theblockcrypto.com/2019/06/18/what-will-it-take-for-facebooks-libra-to-help-the-unbanked-and-gain-traction-in-venezuela/

UK delays age verification system
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The UK has delayed implementing age verification for online pornography as required by the 2017 Digital Economy Act for at least six months because the government failed to notify the EU as required by the Technical Regulations Directive, Jim Watterson and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. The system was due to take effect on July 15. The news broke shortly after the Open Rights Group published a report on the system's implementation, which it says offers consumers little privacy protection and does not help them make informed choices.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/20/uks-porn-age-verification-system-to-be-delayed-indefinitely
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/press/releases/2019/org-report:-bbfc-age-verification-standard-is-pointless,-misleading-and-potentially-dangerous

Yemen: World Food Programme suspends aid to regions refusing biometrics
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The World Food Programme is partially suspending food aid in the Houthi-controlled regions of Yemen because they refuse to accept a biometric registration system the WFP says is essential to controlling food aid and combating fraud, Aaron Martin and Linnet Taylor report at Global Data Justice. The Houthis argue that the biometrics program is part of an intelligence operation and is counter to national security.
https://globaldatajustice.org/2019-06-21-biometrics-WFP/

Canada: copyright review recommends expanding fair dealing
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The 36 recommendations in Canada's five-yearly review of copyright law include expanding fair dealing, retaining internet safe harbor rules, and permitting circumvention of copy protection systems for lawful purposes such as exercising fair dealing rights, Timothy Vollmer reports for Creative Commons. At his blog, Michael Geist reviews the recommendations in detail, noting that the committee declined to recommend EU-style linking rights. At Communia, Paul Keller welcomes Canada's skepticism about the EU's approach to remuneration and online service provider liability.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/06/06/new-canadian-report-offers-balanced-recommendations-for-progressive-copyright-reform/
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/06/the-authoritative-canadian-copyright-review-report-industry-committee/
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/06/13/canadian-copyright-report-lets-wait-see-upload-filters-press-publishers-rights-will-fail/

Stress and low pay plague Facebook content moderators
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Numerous Facebook content moderators working for the company's contractor, Cognizant, break their NDAs to tell The Verge's Casey Newton about their miserable and chaotic working conditions, the low pay, suicides, rapid turnover, and stress of reviewing disturbing content. Facebook, he concludes, needs to make contractors like Cognizant more accountable for their workers' mental health. In her newly-published book, Behind the Screen, Sarah T. Roberts reports on years of work investigating these invisible workers.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/19/18681845/facebook-moderator-interviews-video-trauma-ptsd-cognizant-tampa
https://yalebooks.yale.edu/book/9780300235883/behind-screen


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

How to control artificial intelligence
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In this video clip, Daniel Dennett's lecture argues that artificial general intelligence - synthetic consciousness - is possible, though distant, but human control will be essential for our own safety. In a paper for Artificial Intelligence and Law, Joanna J. Bryson, Mihailis E. Diamantis, and Thomas D. Grant conclude that conferring legal personhood on synthetic entities, which the EU is considering, creates too many difficulties regarding accountability for violations of the rights of humans. In late May, 42 countries adopted the OECD's principles on AI, which include holding organizations and individuals accountable for the systems they develop. In a blog posting, Bryson suggests holding AI accountable by keeping and securing logs; the car industry has been able to achieve this because it was already well-regulated.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhsiFjDoxgk
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10506-017-9214-9
https://www.oecd.org/science/forty-two-countries-adopt-new-oecd-principles-on-artificial-intelligence.htm
https://joanna-bryson.blogspot.com/2019/01/a-smart-bureaucrats-guide-to-ai.html

Expanding video analytics creates army of robot surveillance guards
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In this blog posting, ACLU's Jay Stanley summarizes his new report on the coming army of robot surveillance guards that is being created by sophisticated, high-speed video analytics, already a $3.2 billion industry. Billions of actively watching cameras in dashboards, doorbells, automated stores, when combined, he writes, will represent "an extension of corporate and bureaucratic power".
https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/surveillance-technologies/army-robot-surveillance-guards-coming

US: Platform safe harbor under threat
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In this lengthy article at Wired, Christine Biederman tells the story of the Backpage prosecution, which threatens to end the protection from liability for content users post afforded by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act 1996. At The Verge, Adi Robertson interviews Jeff Kosseff about his new book, The Twenty-Six Words that Created the Internet, on the history of S230.
https://www.wired.com/story/inside-backpage-vicious-battle-feds/
https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/21/18700605/section-230-internet-law-twenty-six-words-that-created-the-internet-jeff-kosseff-interview

The global landscape of local news
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In this series of video clips, Index on Censorship and Global Journalist survey the landscape of local news, and finds deserts in the US and Mexico and constraints in India, Poland, and Argentina. British journalists, too, are losing confidence in their ability to hold powerful interests to account. The partners go on to suggest new business models and strategies for dealing with fake news.
https://www.indexoncensorship.org/2019/06/global-journalist-local-news-in-global-decline/

African machine learning community blossoms
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In this article for MIT Technology Review, Karen Hao explores the African machine learning community, which is blossoming despite difficulties such as international travel. IBM Research has offices in Nairobi and Johannesburg; Google has opened a lab in Accra; and ICLR will host its flagship AI research conference in Addis Ababa next year. While the goals of these initiatives are the same as elsewhere - increasing access to health care, improving financial inclusion, enhancing food security, and improving government efficiency - the context provides new problems to explore.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613848/ai-africa-machine-learning-ibm-google/

US House Intelligence Committee hears testimony on deepfakes
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In this livestream from June 13, the US House Intelligence Committee hears testimony on the problem of deepfakes and artificial intelligence. Among those testifying about the future, legal challenges, and impact of deepfakes, University of Maryland professor and advocate Danielle Citron, co-founder of the Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), urges lawmakers to punish both producers and distributors. At the Huffington Post, Jesselyn Cook explores the impact of deepfake porn on the women whose faces are used without permission. CCRI has helped pass laws banning revenge porn in 38 US states. At the Guardian, Oscar Schwartz argues that deepfakes are a power problem, not a technology problem, and says technological solutions will not fix the "deep-seated social problem of truth decay and polarization".
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdLS9MlIWOk
https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/deepfake-porn-heres-what-its-like-to-see-yourself_n_5d0d0faee4b0a3941861fced
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/24/deepfakes-facebook-silicon-valley-responsibility
https://www.cybercivilrights.org/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

PETS 2019
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July 16-20, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
The 19th Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium will bring together privacy experts from around the world to present and discuss recent advances and new perspectives on research in privacy technologies. PETS/PoPETs is the premier venue for novel applied and/or theoretical research into the design, analysis, experimentation, or fielding of privacy-enhancing technologies.
https://petsymposium.org/

DEF CON 27
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August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

SOUPS 2019
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August 11-13, 2019
Santa Clara, California, USA
The 2019 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers on aspects of privacy and security such as innovative functionality and design, field studies, usability evaluations of privacy features, and longitudinal studies.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2019/call-for-papers

Wikimania
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August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Techfestival
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September 5-7, 2019
Copenhagen, Denmark
Techfestival was created to find human answers to technological progress. In its third year, the festival will work across ten tracks to examine the ways technology shapes our societies, from building cities to exercising modern democracy.
https://techfestival.co/

MozFest
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October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "More responsible artificial intelligence".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
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October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
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November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
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November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

IGF Global
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November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
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November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
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January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
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January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
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April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
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April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19,500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending June 14, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Centrum Cyfrowe, Communia, EDRi, EFF, noyb, Open Knowledge Foundation.


NEWS
=====

Poland files legal complaint against the EU Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Poland, which opposed the Copyright Directive the EU passed in March, has filed a complaint against the new rules in the Court of Justice of the European Union, Cory Doctorow reports at BoingBoing. At The Parliament Magazine, Martin Banks reports that former Scottish MEP Catherine Stihler, now chief executive of the Open Knowledge Foundation, welcomes the complaint against "this chilling attack on freedom of expression". In a posting at Communia, Natalia Mileszyck gives further background on the complaint, deplores regrets the political aspect of what should be a non-partisan complaintmatter, and notes that the Centrum Cyfrowe Foundation has filed an FOI request for a copy of the text of the complaint.
https://boingboing.net/2019/05/26/filternet-well.html
https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/articles/news/former-mep-welcomes-polish-complaint-over-new-eu-copyright-directive
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/06/01/copyright-directive-challenged-cjeu-polish-government/

Irish Supreme Court allows Schrems complaint against Facebook to proceed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Irish Supreme Court has refused Facebook's application to block the referral of Max Schrems' case against Facebook to the Court of Justice of the European Union, Schrems reports at noyb. The case began in 2013, when Edward Snowden's revelation that Facebook allows the US government to engage in "mass processing" of Europeans' personal data despite the EU's data protection laws led Max Schrems to bring a complaint to the Irish Data Protection Commissioner. CJEU will hear the case on July 9, and after that the Commissioner will finally have to rule on the original complaint.
https://edri.org/facebook-fails-to-avoid-cjeu-judgment-on-nsa-case/

Czech Republic: Court allows data retention law to stand
----------------------------------------------------------------------
After 14 years, the Czech Constitutional Court has rejected Iuridicum Remedium's proposal to declare the Czech data retention law unconstitutional, IuRe reports at EDRi. The law was enacted as the Czech Republic's national implementation of the EU Data Retention Directive, which the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled invalid in 2014.
https://edri.org/czech-constitutional-court-rejects-complaint-on-data-retention/
https://edri.org/data-retention-eu-commission-inconclusive-about-potential-new-legislation/

Amazon Ring doorbells create police-sponsored private surveillance network
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Amazon's camera-equipped Ring doorbells and Neighbors app are creating widespread private surveillance networks promoted by police departments offering discounts on the devices, Alfred Ng reports at CNet. In some of these deals, police require recipients to turn over footage on request. Ring responds that it does not support such conditions. On Twitter, Access Now's Amie Stepanovich posts the Ring's terms of service, which grant Ring and its licensees a royalty-free perpetual license to all videos the doorbells record. At the Guardian, Erin Durkin reports that 130 Brooklyn residents have filed a formal complaint with the state to block their landlord from installing a facial recognition-operated building access control system, a practice that is quietly spreading. The tenants believe the system is discriminatory and intended to fuel gentrification.
https://www.cnet.com/features/amazons-helping-police-build-a-surveillance-network-with-ring-doorbells/
https://twitter.com/astepanovich/status/1136696387104575488
https://www.theguardian.com/cities/2019/may/29/new-york-facial-recognition-cameras-apartment-complex

Chinese censors erase memories of Tiananmen Square
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vice, David Gilbert documents China's efforts to erase the June 4, 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre from the internet. Inside China, more than 10,000 domains, including Wikipedia, Google, Facebook, and Twitter, and a blacklist of over 300 words keeps all mention of the protests from view. In the lead-up to the 30th anniversary, the Chinese government forced the social media platform Weibo to shut down comments and block international users from logging in. The result is "collective amnesia" and a generation deliberately kept in ignorance of its country's past. The Weiboscope project is documenting how older Chinese citizens mark the anniversary, but many use codes younger people don't understand. Cate Cadell interviews content screening workers at Beijing Bytedance who say that the censorship is largely automated and very accurate, and news is rejected unless it comes from state-controlled media first.
https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/7xge3b/chinese-dissidents-are-running-out-of-ways-to-remember-tiananmen-square
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/06/30-years-tiananmen-square-state-chinese-censorship-and-digital-surveillance
https://theintercept.com/2019/06/07/china-bans-the-intercept-and-other-news-sites-in-censorship-black-friday/

US technology companies oppose Huawei ban
----------------------------------------------------------------------
US technology companies, particularly chip makers, are seeking exceptions from the Trump administration's ban on selling to China's Huawei claiming it will undermine their profits and ability to innovate, Reed Albergotti reports for the Washington Post.  At Quartz, John Detrixhe reviews the ban's other consequences, which are now beginning to surface. Google claims Huawei's likely move to fork Android will damage US national security; Facebook is barring Huawei from pre-installing its apps; and self-driving cars may be delayed because Huawei is the only supplier that as yet can supply reliable 5G equipment. At Nikkei Asian Review, Toyoki Nakanishi suggests that although users can still download these apps, updates will fail because they won't have Android updates . At the Washington Post, Jordan Link details Huawei's deeply embedded position in Africa.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/06/07/huawei-ban-threatens-us-national-security-tech-companies-warn-trump-administration/
https://qz.com/1638782/google-warns-against-cutting-huawei-off-from-its-android-os/
https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/06/10/what-do-we-know-about-huaweis-africa-presence/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Ransomware attack paralyzes Baltimore government systems
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from WNYC, city hall reporter Emily Sullivan and Syracuse University professor Lee W. McKnight discuss the ransomware attack that has denied the city of Baltimore and its residents access to government systems for a month. The city refuses to pay the demanded BTC13 (about $100,000), a responsible decision that will nonetheless is likely cost the city over $10 million and months of downtime . There have been at least 169 such attacks on US state and local governments, including the city of Atlanta, since 2013. Governments are soft targets because overworked staff and budget constraints leave few resources for security, training, or modernizing systems. Baltimore's attack was traced to a two-year-old unpatched vulnerability.
https://www.wnycstudios.org/story/ransomware-attack-leaves-baltimore-locked-out-city-hall	

Privatization, platformization, and domination: the challenges of smart cities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this op-ed at The Globe and Mail, Rutgers law professor Ellen P. Goodman discusses the lessons she and Julia Powles learned from their newly-published study of the Sidewalk Labs development in Toronto. Goodman advises residents of cities with similar projects to keep their eye on the curb: who will gather and govern the data there? Who will be in charge of enforcing the law? Who will collect the penalties for infractions? How those contracts are awarded can make the difference between public space and vendor lock-in. In the paper, they discuss the challenges of privatization, platformization, and domination in more depth.
https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/article-curb-its-enthusiasm-why-sidewalk-labs-fast-moving-plans-for-toronto/
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3390610

Workshop studies the economics of information security
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series of postings at Light Blue Touchpaper, Cambridge security engineer Ross Anderson liveblogs the Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (remotely, because Anderson, along with two prominent cryptographers, was unable to obtain a US visa to attend in person). Among the wide range of topics are AI in military decision making, the lack of incentives for companies to invest in cybersecurity, trust in algorithms, and the behavioral aspects of privacy.
https://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2019/06/05/shb-2019-liveblog/#comments

Uber forges destructive path through society
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at American Affairs, transport expert Hubert Horan reviews the risks to society posed by Uber, which his financial analysis shows is unlikely to ever become sustainably profitable. We all share the damage: Uber uses its (artificial) market power to depress drivers' pay, solves no structural industry problems, and has survived only by burning billions of dollars in subsidies while engaging in "legal disobedience, competitor sabotage, harassment of critical journalists and of people who sued Uber, obstruction of local law enforcement, and intellectual property theft". Crucial to Uber's success is convincing local governments to cede control of the taxi industry from democratically accountable regulators to private investors - a campaign copy-and-pasted from a 1990s Koch brothers-funded effort to deregulate the taxi industry.
https://americanaffairsjournal.org/2019/05/ubers-path-of-destruction/

Academics protest Palantir privacy conference sponsorship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this opinion piece at the Guardian, Marisa Franco summarizes the letter signed by more than 140 academics, including Naomi Klein and Douglas Rushkoff, asking the Privacy Law Scholars conference and the University of California at Berkeley, where the conference was held in late May, to drop Palantir as a sponsor because it helps Immigration and Customs Enforcement separate families and deport immigrants. The letter also calls on the conference co-founders, Chris Hoofnagle and Daniel Solove, to resign from the company's advisory board on privacy and civil liberties. In 2018, DATACTIVE boycotted the Amsterdam Privacy Conference for accepting Palantir's sponsorship.
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/may/31/palantir-berkeley-immigrant-families-apart
https://data-activism.net/2018/09/why-we-wont-be-at-apc-2018/

Tim Berners-Lee seeks to revive communities and networks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Ethan Zuckerman watches Jonathan Zittrain and Tim Berners-Lee discuss the latter's Solid, a new protocol for personal clouds, and Inrupt, the company he's founded to promote it, as positive means to revive the sociotechnical system of networks and communities that Facebook has overwhelmed. Berners-Lee believes Solid stands a chance at widespread adoption because it does not disrupt what's already in place. Zuckerman is also working on methods of creating new communities for small groups and sees Solid as a potential underpinning.
http://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2019/06/06/sir-tim-versus-black-mirror/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

PETS 2019
----------------------------------------
July 16-20, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
The 19th Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium will bring together privacy experts from around the world to present and discuss recent advances and new perspectives on research in privacy technologies. PETS/PoPETs is the premier venue for novel applied and/or theoretical research into the design, analysis, experimentation, or fielding of privacy-enhancing technologies.
https://petsymposium.org/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

SOUPS 2019
----------------------------------------
August 11-13, 2019
Santa Clara, California, USA
The 2019 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers on aspects of privacy and security such as innovative functionality and design, field studies, usability evaluations of privacy features, and longitudinal studies.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2019/call-for-papers

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending May 24, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Article 19, Bits of Freedom, EDRi, EFF, Epicenter.works, La Quadrature du Net, and Ranking Digital Rights.


NEWS
=====

Facebook bans election-disrupting Israeli company
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook banned an Israeli company that ran a campaign aimed at disrupting and influencing elections in a number of countries and deleted dozens of accounts that were spreading disinformation, the Associated Press reports at the Japan Times. The company linked the campaign to the Tel Aviv-based political consulting and lobbying firm Archimedes. Separately, at Wired Amit Katwala writes that a false rumor of imminent bankruptcy spread via WhatsApp led West London's Tamil community to rush to empty their Metro Bank accounts. In a new report, researchers from the UK's Demos think tank study 39 hostile online information operations and conclude that they use numerous strategies and tactics to selectively amplify mainstream news stories to fit their agenda of exploiting existing cultural and social divisions. Focusing on correcting facts is only a partial solution, and governments should expand their definition of information warfare and be prepared to scale up a response rapidly when needed.
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/05/17/business/facebook-busts-israel-based-fake-news-campaign-disrupt-elections-worldwide/
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/metro-bank-share-price-whats-app-hoax
https://demos.co.uk/project/warring-songs-information-operations-in-the-digital-age/

Coalition asks EU to ban Deep Packet Inspection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A coalition of 46 NGOs, academics, and companies from 16 countries, including EFF, Article 19, Bits of Freedom, and La Quadrature du Net, have sent an open letter to European policy makers and regulators urging them to take action against telecoms companies using Deep Packet Inspection (DPI), EDRi reports. A recent Epicenter.works study to map zero-rating offers in Europe finds 186 telecom services that potentially use DPI to enable them to discriminate between different types of internet traffic despite a ban on the practice.
https://edri.org/ngos-and-academics-warn-against-deep-packet-inspection/
https://epicenter.works/document/1522

Apple faces consumer lawsuit over App Store monopoly
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Supreme Court has ruled that four US iPhone owners are free to sue Apple over the 30% commission it charges developers for sales through its App Store, Kieren McCarthy reports at The Register. Apple argued that the lawsuit is invalid because only app developers should have standing to sue the company over the charges they pay. The Supreme Court's majority opinion held that Apple is using its monopoly on the iOS platform to overcharge customers. The case will now be heard in the district court.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/05/13/apple_supreme_court/

San Francisco bans facial recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
San Francisco is the first city to ban police and other agencies from using facial recognition to identify suspects of crimes both large and small, the New York Times reports. Oakland CA and Boston suburb Somerville MA are considering similar bans, though critics believe it would be better to develop regulations that prohibit abuse but allow cities to reap the benefits of the technology. CNet outlines the workings of Illinois' Biometric Information Privacy Act (2008, amended 2016); the Act bars Sony from selling its Aibo robot dog and means Google turns off facial recognition in its Nest thermostats. At Vox, Sigal Samuel argues that efforts to reduce bias and discrimination in AI-based systems risk harming black, gay, and trans people by making them easier for the surrounding profoundly discriminatory system to identify.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/14/us/facial-recognition-ban-san-francisco.html
https://www.cnet.com/news/what-sonys-robot-dog-teaches-us-about-biometric-data-privacy/
https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/4/19/18412674/ai-bias-facial-recognition-black-gay-transgender

Indonesia leads the world in open access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Indonesia leads the world in open access publishing, with 81% of 2017's 20,000 journal entries available to read online for free, Richard van Noorden reports at Nature. Also high on the list are Colombia, Bangladesh, and Brazil, with more than 60% of research articles freely readable. Despite the EU's Plan S, it trails behind.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01536-5

US: State of Georgia and public records campaigner seek Supreme Court ruling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Long-time campaigner for open access to public information Carl Malamud and his group, public.resource.org, are being accused of "terrorism" for putting the Official Code of Georgia Annotated online, Adam Liptak reports at the New York Times. Both the State of Georgia, which brought the lawsuit and lost in federal appeals court, and Malamud's group are asking the US Supreme Court to rule on whether annotated codes can be copyrighted. Placing state law under the control of legal publishers is a growing trend.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/13/us/politics/georgia-official-code-copyright.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Ghost work
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from Data & Society, Mary L. Gray discusses her new book, Ghost Work, written with with Siddharth Suri, which exposes the invisible human workforce that powers the "AI" in services delivered by Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and Uber. An estimated 8% of Americans have worked at least once as the raters, proofreaders, and engine parts designers Gray includes in the "ghost economy". Among those workers, Gray has found young mothers, early retirees, recent graduates, minorities who can't get the jobs they want, and some for whom the jobs open opportunities.
https://listen.datasociety.net/ghost-work/

Structural disconnects between law and algorithmic decision making
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Humanitarian Law & Policy, Suresh Venkatasubramanian examines the disconnects between how law works and how algorithmic decision making systems work. Algorithmic systems are judged by the outcome, but the fairness of a legal procedure is judged by the process its implementers follow - for example, in deciding whether someone in a war zone should be detained. In a 2017 talk at the Royal Society, Mireille Hildebrandt discussed the difference between law and regulation, and noted that automation lacks the flexibility required for law and turns it into mere administration.
https://blogs.icrc.org/law-and-policy/2019/04/25/structural-disconnects-algorithmic-decision-making-law/
http://downloads.royalsociety.org/events/2017/10/algorithms-society/Hildebrandt.mp3

Delays await in delivering autonomous vehicles and artificial general intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the Australian roboticist Rodney Brooks argues that it will be 30 to 50 years before fully autonomous cars will be a common sight on the public roads - and even longer for artificial general intelligence to be developed, despite Ray Kurzweil's long-running insistence that we will see it by 2029 (and a Singularity by 2030). In a podcast at Harvard Business Review, professor Missy Cummings, director of the Humans and Autonomy Lab at Duke University tells journalist-turned-entrepreneur Azeem Azhar that full, level 5 autonomy for vehicles is a long way off.
https://rodneybrooks.com/agi-has-been-delayed/
https://hbr.org/podcast/2019/05/the-truth-about-autonomy

Free-to-play mobile games closely track users
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vox, Kaitlyn Tiffany investigates the data collection aspects of mobile games. Few people remember, but in 2014 Edward Snowden's leaked documents included the 2009 hit Angry Birds on the list of "leaky" apps the NSA used to access private information. Many people do not realize how significant and revealing game play data can be because they don't think of it as personal, like messaging, or sensitive, like credit card numbers. Yet a free-to-play game like Candy Crush may have as many as ten advertising intermediaries tracking players' every move - and these provide its only source of revenue.
https://www.vox.com/explainers/2019/5/7/18273355/angry-birds-phone-games-data-collection-candy-crush

Microsoft leads 2019 digital rights rankings
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ranking Digital Rights has rated Microsoft as the leader of 2019's index of internet and mobile ecosystem companies with respect to digital rights. Among telecommunications companies Telefónica has improved the most to take the top spot from Vodafone. The report scores 24 companies on 35 indicators of governance, freedom of expression, and privacy. The project concludes that although companies have made meaningful efforts to improve, they have much more to do to respect users' rights and provide transparency.
https://rankingdigitalrights.org/2019/05/15/the-2019-rdr-index-is-now-online/

Considering platform regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this ebook, The Case for the Digital Platform Act, Harold Feld, senior vice president of Public Knowledge, sets out a proposed framework for regulating digital platforms, including competition, content moderation, consumer protections, and law enforcement. He recommends building a toolkit that includes provisions to ensure openness such as data portability, open APIs, interconnection rules, and mandatory fair and reasonable licensing for essential intellectual property; limits on size and vertical integration; and privacy by design. Feld also studies commonly-made proposals such as breaking up Facebook and Google and suggests principles to follow in creating content moderation and consumer protection regimes.
http://www.digitalplatformact.com/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 30-31, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 2-4, 2019
Marseille, France
In 2019, the Electronic Publishing conference will take as an inspirational starting point the concept of bibliodiversity, a term coined by Chilean publishers in the 1990s. The forum will revisit its definition and explore what it means today, five years after the 2014 adoption by 400 publishers from 45 countries of the International Declaration of Independent Publishers to Promote and Strengthen Bibliodiversity Together. This year's conference aims to bring together the inquiring minds of the academic, professional, and publishing industries to explore the ever-evolving nature of knowledge transmission within human societies.
https://elpub2019.sciencesconf.org/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

PETS 2019
----------------------------------------
July 16-20, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
The 19th Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium will bring together privacy experts from around the world to present and discuss recent advances and new perspectives on research in privacy technologies. PETS/PoPETs is the premier venue for novel applied and/or theoretical research into the design, analysis, experimentation, or fielding of privacy-enhancing technologies.
https://petsymposium.org/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

SOUPS 2019
----------------------------------------
August 11-13, 2019
Santa Clara, California, USA
The 2019 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers on aspects of privacy and security such as innovative functionality and design, field studies, usability evaluations of privacy features, and longitudinal studies.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2019/call-for-papers

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an outstanding opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending May 10, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Bits of Freedom, Digital Rights Ireland, Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF, Mozilla, Open Rights Group, and Wikimedia Deutschland.


JOB POSTING
=============

EDRi seeks Head of Policy and interim Executive Director
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a new Head of Policy to provide strategic leadership to the EDRi Policy Team and design policy and advocacy strategies in line with the organization's strategic objectives and in consultation with its member network. EDRi is also looking for an interim Executive Director to cover its current Executive Director's maternity leave (six months from mid-July 2019 to mid-January 2020).
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-a-new-head-of-policy/
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-an-interim-executive-director/


NEWS
=====

Russian law enables internet isolation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Russian president Vladimir Putin has signed into law an "internet sovereignty" bill that mandates internet filtering, calls for the creation of a national domain name system, and requires all internet traffic to be routed over domestic servers, Amrita Khalid reports at Engadget. The goal is to keep Russia online if it is ever disconnected from the wider internet by a cyber attack.
https://www.engadget.com/2019/05/01/putin-signs-russian-internet-isolation-bill/

China finances data center, smart city, and surveillance in Kenya
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Kenya's Konza Technology City project will include a data center, smart city, and surveillance project, all funded with Chinese state-backed discounted concessional loans and built by Huawei, which has also signed an MoU with Pakistan to build a data center on similar terms, Sebastian Moss reports at DCD.  At Bloomberg, Alex Webb argues that Britain's decision to defy US advice and allow the telecoms industry to use Huawei equipment in building 5G networks is an artifact of the country's Brexit-related need not to alienate China as a trading partner. In Ecuador, the New York Times reports, Beijing has spent billions since 2011 to build the country's surveillance system, now copied in 17 other countries including Zimbabwe, UAE, and Uzbekistan.
https://www.datacenterdynamics.com/news/huawei-build-konza-data-center-and-smart-city-kenya-chinese-concessional-loan/
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-04-24/britan-s-embrace-of-huawei-is-really-about-brexit
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/technology/ecuador-surveillance-cameras-police-government.html

NGOs demand improved EU network neutrality rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A large group of NGOs including EDRi, Digital Rights Ireland, Digitale Gesellschaft, Bits of Freedom, Open Rights Group, and Wikimedia Deutschland has written an open letter to the European Commission and the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) to point out omissions in their recent study of the network neutrality rules adopted in 2015. These include new barriers to market entry and a lack of harmonization among national regulators.
https://edri.org/two-years-of-net-neutrality-in-europe-29-ngos-urge-to-guarantee-non-discriminatory-treatment-of-communications/

Sri Lanka blocks social networks after terrorist attacks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A day after the Easter terrorist attacks that killed nearly 300 people, the Sri Lanka government blocked social networks including Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat, and Viber, NetBlocks reports. At the New York Times, Kara Swisher notes that her first reaction to the news - "Good" - shocked her as a long-time freedom of speech advocate. At Gizmodo, Patrick Howell O'Neill points out that this is not a simple story of failing social media; instead, Facebook is so deeply intertwined with Southeast Asian economy, society, and polities that it can't be easily turned off - and it was the only medium available for democratic pushback against the failed October 2018 coup.
https://netblocks.org/reports/social-media-blocked-in-sri-lanka-following-church-and-hotel-bombings-XaAwlQBM
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/22/opinion/sri-lanka-facebook-bombings.html
https://gizmodo.com/why-social-media-going-dark-in-sri-lanka-isnt-as-simple-1834220160

Internet health is under threat
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Openness is under attack, access is still a fundamental challenge for inclusion, investing in web literacy is urgently needed, and too much of the internet is dominated by just eight American and Chinese companies, the Mozilla Foundation reports in the 2019 Internet Health Report. The report asks three questions: how do we demand that AI put human needs above all others; what promising efforts are afoot to remedy targeted advertising and personal data collection; and how can city governments and civil society work together?
https://internethealthreport.org/2019/about/

McGraw-Hill and Cengage announce merger plans
----------------------------------------------------------------------
McGraw-Hill and Cengage, two of the US's three biggest textbook publishers, have announced plans to merge in early 2020, Goldie Blumenstyk reports at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Federal antitrust regulators are expected to scrutinize the plan and may require one or both companies to divest some assets. The loss of competition may result in higher prices for the companies' subscription programs.
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Planned-Merger-of-Cengage-and/246224


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Facebook's role in Brexit - and the threat to democracy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this TED talk, Observer journalist Carole Cadwalladr recounts the results of a year's investigation into Facebook and pleads with the "gods of Silicon Valley" to act to restore democracy in the face of illegal cash spent by hidden figures to spread lies across the internet in the service of social disruption. Saying "we must do better in future" is not enough to restore free and fair elections. At Politico, Mark Scott reports that with the European elections two weeks away Facebook's political transparency tools are being circumvented by political groups in Hungary and Spain, and that the company has yet to announce any successes at preventing digital campaigns that intend to mislead voters. At Wired, Matt Burgess finds that no amount of encryption can change Facebook's fundamental privacy-busting dependence on advertising.
https://www.ted.com/talks/carole_cadwalladr_facebook_s_role_in_brexit_and_the_threat_to_democracy#t-903286
https://www.politico.eu/article/facebook-european-election-war-room-dublin-political-advertising-misinformation-mark-zuckerberg/
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/facebook-redesign-f8-encryption

5G brings new potential for surveillance and insecurity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for The New Yorker, Sue Halpern considers the cyber attacks and surveillance that the totally-connected 5G network may bring us. The vastly increased speed and vastly reduced latency coupled with the spread of the Internet of Things will open many more opportunities for disruption - but carriers are building new services on top of the vulnerable existing infrastructure and rolling them out as fast as they can. The market leader is Huawei, which is subject to a Chinese law requiring companies to cooperate with the country's state intelligence agencies.
https://www.newyorker.com/news/annals-of-communications/the-terrifying-potential-of-the-5g-network

Correcting misperceptions about China's Social Credit
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Logic, Shazeda Ahmed seeks to set the record straight about the Chinese social credit system. Although it is still capable of causing harm and the Chinese government does maintain a sophisticated and pervasive surveillance system, she says social credit is "a broad policy project for encouraging individuals, business, legal institutions, and government to be more trustworthy that uses both incentives and deterrents to guide behavior.  Much criticism, she writes, is Westerners projecting fear of their own governments' surveillance onto Chinese society.
https://logicmag.io/07-the-messy-truth-about-social-credit/

NGOs overlook the needs of refugee men
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bright, Marta Vidal profiles the efforts of several non-profits in Jordan seeking to reverse the way humanitarian NGOs often overlook the needs of refugee men due to gender stereotyping that sees them as less vulnerable than women and children. Many accordingly have less access to humanitarian services, despite the loss of identity and autonomy associated with being unable to work.
https://brightthemag.com/ngos-need-change-how-they-relate-refugee-men-migrant-crisis-human-rights-aid-a4c3927e5e54

Poverty changes privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Mary Madden explores the many ways in which poor people experience privacy differently, from unfair targeting by law enforcement and higher levels of surveillance to cascading and far more damaging consequences of identity fraud or biased recruitment algorithms. The poor are both far more vulnerable and far less able to afford protections. EFF's Spot the Surveillance VR app is intended to help communities identify the spying technologies deployed by police.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/25/opinion/privacy-poverty.html
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/04/its-now-even-easier-spot-surveillance-updates-effs-vr-app

Tesla-obsessed Twitter swarm creates new form of crowd-sourcing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Los Angeles Times, Russ Mitchell documents the crowd-sourced social media research swarm that investigates Tesla via the Twitter hashtag $TslaQ. Singly and collectively, this group of hard-core believers that Tesla is financially unsustainable have flown over parking lots to check the number and age of cars awaiting sale, track Tesla-loaded ships, study customer complaints, and chart the financials Tesla publishes in far more detail than any investment advisor has ever been able to do.
https://www.latimes.com/business/autos/la-fi-hy-tesla-short-sellers-musk-20190408-story.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 2-4, 2019
Marseille, France
In 2019, the Electronic Publishing conference will take as an inspirational starting point the concept of bibliodiversity, a term coined by Chilean publishers in the 1990s. The forum will revisit its definition and explore what it means today, five years after the 2014 adoption by 400 publishers from 45 countries of the International Declaration of Independent Publishers to Promote and Strengthen Bibliodiversity Together. This year's conference aims to bring together the inquiring minds of the academic, professional, and publishing industries to explore the ever-evolving nature of knowledge transmission within human societies.
https://elpub2019.sciencesconf.org/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an outstanding opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 26, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, Simon Fraser University.


JOB POSTING
=============

EDRi seeks Head of Policy and interim Executive Director
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a new Head of Policy to provide strategic leadership to the EDRi Policy Team and design policy and advocacy strategies in line with the organization's strategic objectives and in consultation with its member network. EDRi is also looking for an interim Executive Director to cover its current Executive Director's maternity leave (six months from mid-July 2019 to mid-January 2020).
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-a-new-head-of-policy/
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-an-interim-executive-director/


NEWS
=====

Lawsuit aims to block Toronto "smart city" development
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Canadian Civil Liberties Association is suing federal, provincial, and municipal governments to obtain court orders blocking the Sidewalk Labs and Waterfront Toronto partnership's plan to redevelop a 12-acre site in Toronto as a "smart city", Jordan Pearson reports at Motherboard. CCLA is also asking the court to declare that the three levels of government and Waterfront Toronto violated Canadians' privacy rights in forming the agreement with Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of Alphabet (Google's parent), because Torontonians cannot give consent under the plan to create pervasive surveillance via ubiquitous sensors.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/gy4bgj/canada-is-getting-sued-over-sidewalk-labs-smart-city-in-toronto

EU completes passage of Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The EU Council of Ministers has passed the Copyright Directive 19 votes to six, with three abstentions, EDRi reports. Member states have two years to translate the directive into national law, which will be the last opportunity to modify the link tax and upload filter provisions. At her blog, German MEP Julia Reda points out the successes won by those protesting the worst aspects of the directive.
https://edri.org/eu-member-states-give-green-light-for-copyright-censorship/
https://juliareda.eu/2019/04/not-in-vain/

Facebook's private documents belie its public posture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Thousands of pages of leaked internal documents show that Facebook enhanced or denied access to user data as a business strategy to retain advertising clients and punish potential rivals while outwardly claiming these moves were intended to protect user privacy, Olivia Solon and Cyrus Farivar report at NBC News. At Mother Jones, Pema Levy and Tonya Riley find that the Cambridge Analytica scandal provided an opening for civil society groups to find some success after years of effort to get Facebook to remediate its systemic discrimination. At Wired, Nicholas Thompson and Fred Vogelstein recount the inside story of Facebook's 2018, when it was under siege from all sides.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/social-media/mark-zuckerberg-leveraged-facebook-user-data-fight-rivals-help-friends-n994706
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2019/04/activists-couldnt-get-facebook-to-tackle-its-discrimination-problem-until-the-russia-scandal-hit/
https://www.wired.com/story/facebook-mark-zuckerberg-15-months-of-fresh-hell/

Academia continues to overweight journal impact factors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new survey of North American institutions finds that 40% of research-intensive universities consider journal impact factors when deciding on promotions, Holly Else reports at Nature. The language institutions use wrongly implies that high impact factors are associated with research quality, even though the metric has been widely criticized. The study, led by the neurophysicist Erin McKiernan, was funded by OSF's Information Program through Simon Fraser University.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01151-4

Chinese success spreads desire for internet control
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Fueled by both the widely-publicized problems of Western social media and the success of Chinese technology companies, China's model of the tightly controlled internet is being widely copied across the world, Lulu Yilun Chen and Yoolim Lee report for Bloomberg. Among the countries interested in adopting a similar walled-off model are Vietnam and Thailand. AFP reports at the Japan Times that the Singaporean government's proposals to combat fake news are being called an "assault on free speech" by critics such as the Asia Internet Coalition.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-14/china-wins-allies-for-web-vision-in-ideological-battle-with-u-s
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/04/07/asia-pacific/social-issues-asia-pacific/singapores-fake-news-laws-upset-tech-giants-stoke-censorship-fears/

Australia passes controversial violent content law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Australia's newly-passed Sharing of Abhorrent Violent Material bill creates new offenses for content service providers and hosting services that fail to notify the Australian federal police about or rapidly remove videos depicting "abhorrent violent conduct" such as terrorist acts, murders, torture, or rape, Paul Karp reports at the Guardian. Despite its protections for public-interest journalism, the bill was widely opposed by technology companies, media organizations, and legal experts.
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/apr/04/australia-passes-social-media-law-penalising-platforms-for-violent-content


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

3D scans may help restore Notre Dame
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Open Culture explains that detailed 3D laser scans taken in 2015 by the late Vassar art historian Andrew Tallon will provide one billion points of data to help accurately restore the fire-damaged Notre Dame cathedral. At National Geographic, Rachel Hartigan Shea gives details of how the project was carried out. At the New York Post, Amanda Woods adds that Ubisoft, publisher of the 2014 game "Assassin's Creed Unity" can also help: incorporated into the game's French Revolution setting is a detailed, brick-by-brick 3D model of the cathedral.
http://www.openculture.com/2019/04/how-digital-scans-of-notre-dame-can-help-architects-rebuild-the-burned-cathedral.html
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/06/150622-andrew-tallon-notre-dame-cathedral-laser-scan-art-history-medieval-gothic/
https://nypost.com/2019/04/17/video-game-could-be-key-to-rebuilding-notre-dame/

Wikileaks and the death of internet innocence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Lawfare, Quinta Jurecic re-evaluates Wikileaks in the light of our changing views of the internet during Julian Assange's seven years of sequestration in Ecuador's London embassy. At Politifact, Jon Greenberg finds that the Mueller report attributes to Assange a long-running conspiracy rumor that attributed the source of the Democratic National Committee emails Wikileaks published in 2016 to DNC staffer Seth Rich. The leak's true source was a Russian government hack.
https://www.lawfareblog.com/wikileaks-and-lost-promise-internet
https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/apr/18/mueller-report-aims-squash-wikileaks-seth-rich-con/

The Moral Machine monster
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from We Robot (start at 1:38), philosopher Abby Jacques exposes the monster at the heart of MIT's Moral Machine, which uses an animated version of the trolley problem to elicit a mass public vote on the values that should be embedded in autonomous vehicles. At MIT Technology Review, experts tell Bobbie Johnson and Gideon Lichfield that Google should replace its cratered AI ethics board and this time focus on transparency, embracing antagonism, and engaging marginalized voices.
https://livestream.com/accounts/2263400/WeRobot2019/videos/189954778
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613281/google-cancels-ateac-ai-ethics-council-what-next/

Big Tech centralizes corporate censorship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Wired, Emma Llansó discusses the centralized corporate censorship that platforms like Facebook and YouTube are making public in the wake of the New Zealand Christchurch shooting. Facebook and YouTube, along with Microsoft and Twitter, founded the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism in 2017, which operates a shared database of hashes of files deemed to be "extreme and egregious" terrorist content. The database is available to all participating companies, but lacks accountability and transparency. At the New York Times, Kevin Roose interviews YouTube's chief product officer, Neal Mohan, about the workings of the site's recommendation engine, widely criticized for leading viewers down a "rabbit hole" of increasing extremist videos.
https://www.wired.com/story/platforms-centralized-censorship/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/29/technology/youtube-online-extremism.html

Women's health apps introduce menstrual surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Drew Harwell finds that the intimate data women confide to period- and pregnancy-tracking apps such as Ovia is accessible to their employers under paid arrangements. While the data is anonymized and aggregated, it may still be easy to identify individual women, and employers benefit the most from self-tracking. At the New York Times, Sarah Jeong deplores the insurance industry's increasing surveillance through consumer data.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/04/10/tracking-your-pregnancy-an-app-may-be-more-public-than-you-think/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/10/opinion/insurance-ai.html

Closed Facebook groups change the face of Welsh politics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Tortoise, Xavier Greenwood studies the largely unknown closed social media groups that are changing Welsh politics in the run-up to the UK's May local elections. Where Wales is leading, other parts of the UK are likely to follow; the result in Merthyr has been the rise of independent councilors at the expense of the long-entrenched Labour party. However, what began as a means of opening up Welsh councils to greater scrutiny and accountability is becoming a bubble for circulating misinformation.
https://members.tortoisemedia.com/2019/04/14/private-networks/content.html?sig=qWwFx9NuwDG-J0kIcS8lHblCMalgmKLO70pvKeXlYLY

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 2-4, 2019
Marseille, France
In 2019, the Electronic Publishing conference will take as an inspirational starting point the concept of bibliodiversity, a term coined by Chilean publishers in the 1990s. The forum will revisit its definition and explore what it means today, five years after the 2014 adoption by 400 publishers from 45 countries of the International Declaration of Independent Publishers to Promote and Strengthen Bibliodiversity Together. This year's conference aims to bring together the inquiring minds of the academic, professional, and publishing industries to explore the ever-evolving nature of knowledge transmission within human societies.
https://elpub2019.sciencesconf.org/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an outstanding opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 12, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, mySociety, Open Rights Group, SPARC, Wikimedia.


NEWS
=====

Voting errors aided European Parliament passage of Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A change to the vote order in the European Parliament meant that 13 MEPs who wanted to remove the controversial "link tax" and "upload filter" provisions mistakenly voted against considering amendments to the Copyright Directive, Mike Masnick reports at Techdirt. The motion failed by just five votes; the Directive then passed unchanged. Under European Parliament rules, MEPs may correct such errors, but corrections do not change the outcome. In a blog posting, Communia discusses the "lost opportunity" the Directive represents: it will not balance the interests of rights holders and users, protect human rights, or enable creativity and innovation to flourish. At Wikimedia, Jan Gerlach and Allison Davenport call the outcome "disappointing", but say the Directive contains some positive elements, such as new safeguards for the public domain. At her blog, the MEP Julia Reda (Pirate Party, Germany) says the last chance to stop the Directive will be on April 15, when the Council of Ministers - on this occasion, the Agriculture and Fisheries Council - will vote on it.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190326/15193241877/enough-meps-say-they-mistakenly-voted-articles-11-13-that-vote-should-have-flipped-eu-parliament-says-too-bad.shtml
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/03/26/european-parliament-limits-internet-freedom-in-controversial-copyright-vote/
https://juliareda.eu/2019/04/copyright-final-vote/

UK announces new internet regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK government has published its "online harms" white paper, which proposes to create a duty of care for websites that "allows users to share or discover user-generated content, or interact with each other online", Heather Stewart and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. The proposals would make sites liable for the content users post; the sites and their owners could be fined and senior managers held criminally liable. At the Washington Post, Tony Romm describes the plan as "aggressive", as it targets everything from child exploitation and false news to terrorist activity and extreme violence. At the Guardian,  Alex Hern suggests that the proposals risk creating a "North Korean-style censorship regime". At the Open Rights Group blog, Jim Killock and Amy Shepherd argue that the strategy should take a rights-based approach and that the current plan will introduce widespread prior restraint and may establish a dangerously restrictive new global norm. .
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/social-media-bosses-could-be-liable-for-harmful-content-leaked-uk-plan-reveals
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/04/07/uk-unveils-sweeping-plan-penalize-facebook-google-harmful-online-content/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/08/online-laws-threaten-freedom-of-speech-of-millions-of-britons
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/the-dcms-online-harms-strategy-must-design-in-fundamental-rights


Elsevier's knowledge production dominance extends beyond journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Elsevier's five years of acquiring scholarly reference tools such as Mendeley, SSRN, Pure, and Bepress have made the company dominant in ways that reach far beyond its journals, Lindsay Ellis reports at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Institutions worry that these acquisitions are changing knowledge production and making it harder for professors and institutions to cut ties, SPARC's Heather Joseph tells Ellis. At the Guardian, Jason Schmitt argues that paywalls and contractual non-disclosure agreements are blocking collective discussion of price structures. He urges individual academics to take action, and examines several current plans for changing the status quo.
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Elsevier-s-Presence-on/246048/
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/mar/28/paywalls-block-scientific-progress-research-should-be-open-to-everyone

US: FEMA violates privacy of 2.5 million disaster survivors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) shared with a contractor sensitive information such as personal addresses and banking details pertaining to 2.5 million survivors of US disasters including the 2018 California wildfires and Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria, report Joel Achenbach, William Wan, and Tony Romm at the Washington Post. The Department of Homeland Security's Office of Inspector General says FEMA has since improved its practices. At Vice, Elizabeth Brico finds that the stakes of a data breach are higher for poor people, who lack the resources necessary for recovery.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/fema-data-breach-hits-25-million-disaster-survivors/2019/03/22/3e2c6232-4cec-11e9-93d0-64dbcf38ba41_story.html
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/mbz493/privacy-is-becoming-a-luxury-what-data-leaks-are-like-for-the-poor

Denmark, Poland: Data protection regulators punish GDPR infringers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Danish (Datatilsynet) and Polish (UODO) data protection regulators have issued their first sanctions under the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, Alexander Schneider and Matthew Sullivan of Kelley Drye & Warren LLP report at JD Supra. Under Article 5, Datatilsynet has fined the taxi company Taxa 4x35 nearly $180,000 for retaining 9 million taxi ride records after they were no longer needed. The company had "anonymized" the data by removing the customer names, a practice Datatilsynet said was insufficient since it kept phone numbers and ride histories. Besides fining the Sweden-based digital marketing company Bisnode's Polish subsidiary €220,000, UODO is requiring it to contact the nearly 6 million people it failed to notify that it scrapes third-party data from public sources. Of those Bisnode did notify, 13% objected. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas says Bisnode will appeal and is deleting the data rather than shoulder the cost of notification, and adds that the costs of GDPR violations can reach far beyond fines.
https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/gdpr-recap-technical-violations-result-72895/
https://techcrunch.com/2019/03/30/covert-data-scraping-on-watch-as-eu-dpa-lays-down-radical-gdpr-red-line/

Colorado enacts network neutrality bill with penalties for violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Colorado governor Jared Polis is on the verge of signing into law a network neutrality bill that will penalize ISPs for prioritizing some types of internet traffic or selectively slowing speeds for users by requiring them to pay back their state grants to build broadband infrastructure, Tamara Chuang reports for the Colorado Sun. Polis says he sees the bill as "a cornerstone to democracy".
https://coloradosun.com/2019/04/05/colorados-own-net-neutrality-bill-gets-some-teeth/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Technology workers organize in Silicon Valley
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at New Statesman, Hettie O'Brien discovers that union activism is on the rise in libertarian Silicon Valley, where groups such as the Tech Workers Coalition, founded in 2014, are helping organize workers and train them to demand better working conditions. One result is increased employee rebellion against military contracts signed by companies like Microsoft and Google, as well as an industry-wide movement to oppose US president Donald Trump's "Muslim registry".
https://www.newstatesman.com/world/2019/03/how-silicon-valley-being-reshaped-trade-unions

Google opens, then closes, AI ethics board
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A week after announcing its formation, Google closed the ethics board intended to guide the responsible development of AI, Kelsey Piper reports at Vox. The board's members were to have included Joanna Bryson (University of Bath), Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie-Mellon), Luciano Floridi (Oxford), drone company CEO Dyan Gibbens, and Heritage Foundation president Kay Coles James. The latter was particularly controversial, and her presence led Acquisti to resign and, Will Knight reports at MIT Technology Review, nearly 1,000 Google employees and academic researchers to petition for her removal. Piper believes it's important that Google tries again and gets it right.
https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/4/4/18295933/google-cancels-ai-ethics-board
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613253/googles-ai-council-faces-blowback-over-a-conservative-member/

Funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from mySociety's annual TicTec conference, Lucia Abelenda Casalet (Fundación Avina, Mexico), Helen Turek (Open Government Partnership, Germany), and Breandán Knowlton (Government Digital Service, UK) discuss funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology. Casalet discusses gender inclusion in technology in Latin America; Turek gives examples of the civic tech projects she says are essential to create the government transparency the OGP seeks to promote; and Knowlton discusses how to work with risk-averse governments and presents the results of a crowdsourcing exercise that identified 15 challenges GDS should tackle.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8ogdLWRFCk

The loss of the early web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the BBC, Stephen Dowling discusses the loss of nearly all of the first five years of the web, much of it closed down by commercial imperatives. Even now that libraries are conscious of the need to preserve the digital world, much is being lost because of the sheer volume of new material posted every day.
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20190401-why-theres-so-little-left-of-the-early-internet

Dispute over encryption masks debate over future of amateur radio
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Register, Thomas Claburn explores an ongoing fight over the future of amateur ("ham") radio. While the battle is ostensibly over whether to allow encrypted communications, the underlying issue is whether to allow the amateur radio spectrum to remain a hobbyist space or to develop it for commercial data traffic.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/04/05/amateur_radio_spectrum/

India: AI helps mitigate shortage of doctors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Factor Daily, Anand Murali Jayadevan PK discusses progress in India toward using AI to improve healthcare diagnostics and argues that the country's acute shortage of doctors cannot be solved without technology. Jayadevan goes on to survey India's dozen or more startups exploring various aspects of medical technology.
https://factordaily.com/ai-for-healthcare-in-india/

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 29, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, EDRi, mySociety, Open Rights Group.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

European Parliament votes to adopt controversial copyright reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Parliament has voted 348-274 to adopt the Copyright Directive, including Article 11 ("link tax") and Article 13 ("upload filter"), James Temperton reports at Wired. MEP refused, by just five votes, to consider any amendments. Member states now have two years to pass national legislation putting the directive into effect. Seconds after the vote, MEP Julia Reda tweeted to call it a "dark day for internet freedom". Communia provides an analysis of the directive's intense journey through the European legislative process, and calls the result "a lost opportunity for Europe".
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/eu-article-13-vote-article-17
https://twitter.com/Senficon/status/1110509970213294081
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/


AI research mines training data without permission
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facial recognition training datasets are made up of whatever images researchers can grab from public websites without permission, Olivia Solon reports at NBC News, calling the situation AI's "dirty little secret". In January, IBM released a set of nearly 1 million images taken from the photo hosting site Flickr that it had coded to describe the subjects' appearance. For minorities, the practice raises surveillance concerns. At his blog, Andres Guadamuz responds with a discussion of the copyright status of AI training data, whether IBM's use of these photographs violated their Creative Commons licenses, and the need for a data-mining exception.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/internet/facial-recognition-s-dirty-little-secret-millions-online-photos-scraped-n981921
https://www.technollama.co.uk/using-creative-commons-images-to-train-artificial-intelligence

EU regulators fine Google €1.5 billion for antitrust violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On March 20, the EU's competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, fined Google €1.5 billion for engaging in "illegal practices" to "cement its dominant market position" in search and advertising, Tony Romm reports at the Washington Post. At issue is Google's relationships with third-party websites via its "AdSense for Search" program, which in 2016 required Google's ads to receive prominent placement and prohibited participating sites from using other ad services. Vestager indicated that Google faces further antitrust scrutiny. The new fine brings the total that has been levied against Google to more than $9 billion; several past fines are still under appeal.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/03/20/google-fined-nearly-billion-ad-practices-that-violated-european-antitrust-laws/

Africa risks spying to gain internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
African countries are willing to trade the risk of spying for Chinese investment providing them with internet access, Amy Mackinnon reports at Foreign Policy. Huawei has built about 70% of the continent's 4G networks, and Chinese banks provide loans that are approved faster and with fewer conditions than from their Western competitors. "Everybody spies on Africa," says one journalism professor in Nigeria. In a long posting, Bright Simons uses Uber as an example to discuss the reasons why "leapfrogging" is not working in frontier markets.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/03/19/for-africa-chinese-built-internet-is-better-than-no-internet-at-all/
https://www.cgdev.org/publication/why-leapfrogging-frontier-markets-isnt-working

Norwegian universities drop Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Norwegian research institutions have joined the lengthening list of organizations that have declined to renew their agreements with Elsevier, Catherine Offord reports at The Scientist. The Norwegian Directorate for ICT and Joint Services in Higher Education and Research (UNIT) said that although Elsevier offered to lower some of its costs for Norwegian institutions, who pay the company nearly €10 million a year, it refused to meet UNIT's requirements for open access. Researchers will still be able to publish in Elsevier journals, but will not have access to articles dated after 2018.
https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/norway-joins-list-of-countries-canceling-elsevier-contracts-65594

Russia tests out a disconnected, sovereign internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Between the end of March 2019 and mid-April, Russia is planning to test whether it can disconnect electronically from the rest of the world while keeping the internet running for its own citizens, Charlotte Jee reports at MIT Technology Review. Although the technical challenge is "fiendishly difficult" and may cost as much as $304 million, the test is key to a "sovereign internet" law the Russian parliament appears likely to pass.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613138/russia-wants-to-cut-itself-off-from-the-global-internet-heres-what-that-really-means/

EU: Government sites filled with adtech trackers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A scan of 184,683 EU government webpages carried out by EDRi and Cookiebot in mid-March found that the government websites of 25 of the 28 EU member countries - missing only Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands - host undisclosed commercial adtech trackers, many based on third-party scripts, Rebecca Hill reports at The Register. Overall, the practice enables 112 companies to collect data on EU citizens' browsing habits. Google was present on 82% of the sites and accounted for three of the top five trackers (YouTube, DoubleClick, and Google). In addition, 52% of public health sites host commercial trackers even though these sites do not rely on advertising revenue. Separately, Hill reports that the advocate general to the Court of Justice of the European Union has issued an opinion that requiring someone to untick a pre-checked box does not count as valid freely-given consent to the use of cookies.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/18/cookie_government_tracking_report/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/22/eu_cookie_preticked_box_not_valid_consent/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Facebook's News Feed algorithm change one year on
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Nieman Lab, Laura Hazard Owen discusses the impact of Facebook's year-old change to its News Feed algorithm to prioritize personal postings and "meaningful interactions" rather than publisher content. Based on a new report from the social media tracking company NewsWhip, Owen finds that the result has been to push up articles on divisive topics and politics. Engagement is much higher but much angrier, and the most-shared story of 2019 to date warns that a sex offender may be lurking near Waco, Texas.
http://www.niemanlab.org/2019/03/one-year-in-facebooks-big-algorithm-change-has-spurred-an-angry-fox-news-dominated-and-very-engaged-news-feed/

Acceptable voting machines
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Andrew Appel specifies acceptable voting machines. Among his requirements: it must be possible to detect cheating, audit the results, and be robust enough to manage unexpectedly high turnouts. In a blog posting, the managers of the UK government's petitions site explain how they deal with similar issues of scaling and fraud when petitions, such as March 2019's "Revoke Article 50", attract a huge response as people from all over the UK try to sign it at once.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2019/03/14/voting-machines-i-recommend
https://technology.blog.gov.uk/2016/08/16/scaling-the-petitions-service-following-the-eu-referendum/

The new ecosystem of trust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper at Nesta, Geoff Mulgan and Vincent Straub discuss data governance for public benefit and survey the landscape of options that's opening up, from legislative moves such as the General Data Protection Regulation to technology solutions such as personal data stores and public data trusts. No one model will suit all situations; the authors attempt to provide a framework for designing a family of new institutions.
https://www.nesta.org.uk/blog/new-ecosystem-trust/

Identifying the impact of Brexit on data flows
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, technology policy specialist Monica Horten discusses what Brexit would mean for data flows and the regulatory burden businesses face. World Trade Organization rules can't help because they are more than 20 years old; in January 2019, 76 WTO members agreed to start talks on ecommerce, a process that will take years. At the Open Rights Group blog, Javier Ruiz outlines concerns about ongoing US-UK trade negotiations, in which the US wants unimpeded cross-border data flows, confidentiality for source code and algorithms, limited liability for online platforms, and no cross-border taxes on digital goods.
http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php/brexit/1100-data-and-brexit-a-mis-calculation
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/us-red-lines-for-digital-trade-with-the-uk-cause-alarm

UK's Furman report recommends improving competition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Computer Weekly, Angelica Mari summarizes the Furman report, which recommends changes to the UK's competition policy and suggests that a code of conduct should be introduced for large technology companies like Google, Facebook, and Amazon. The report also recommends giving the Competition and Markets Authority greater powers to block mergers and acquisitions and give people greater control over their own data. At TACD, Gene Kimmelman argues that antitrust action to break up the large technology companies, as some US politicians are demanding, is not enough to protect consumers on its own; also needed are additional accountability tools and enforcement practices.
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252459377/Furman-Review-urges-greater-competition-for-tech-giants
http://tacd.org/to-make-the-tech-sector-competitive-antitrust-is-only-half-the-answer/

Omidyar Network changes focus to civic empowerment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Stacy Donohue presents the new strategy being adopted by funders at Omidyar Network spin-off Luminate, based on what they have learned over the last ten years by investing in civic technology organizations in 18 countries, including Code for America, mySociety, Nossas, and amandla.mobi. With trust in government in decline in many countries, technology itself is insufficient to effect sustained change. Without complementary real-world efforts, under-represented groups continue to be disempowered. And, because many governments are actively working to curtail civic space, civic technology is becoming increasingly politicized.
https://luminategroup.com/posts/blog/from-civic-tech-to-civic-empowerment-luminates-strategic-shift

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Open Markets Institute, Privacy International.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

University of California terminates Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The University of California, which produces almost 10% of US research output, has concluded months of negotiations with the academic publisher Elsevier by deciding not to renew its journal subscriptions, Benedicte Page reports at The Bookseller. UC said Elsevier was unwilling to meet the goal of securing universal open access to UC research while containing journal costs. UC's proposed terms would have integrated subscription charges and open access publishing fees. Elsevier said it hoped to reach agreement "soon".
https://www.thebookseller.com/news/university-california-boycotts-elsevier-965166

Facebook claims it will pivot to embrace privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook will pivot to privacy by changing its focus to end-to-end encryption and auto-deletion of messages, CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced on the Facebook blog. At the Guardian, Julia Carrie Wong lists former FTC chief technologist Ashkan Soltani among the numerous skeptics that Facebook's version of "privacy" will include privacy from its own data collection. At the New York Times, Zeynep Tufecki calls the plan "shrewd competitive positioning, dressed up in privacy rhetoric" intended to help it side-step threatened government regulation. At the Guardian, Siva Vaidhyanathan suggests that Facebook is positioning itself to compete head-on with China's dominant WeChat. At the Observer, Carole Cadwalladr and Duncan Campbell analyze leaked court documents that expose global leaders' accommodating response to Facebook's lobbying to block data privacy legislation. In a video clip Zuckerberg discusses encryption, whether Facebook is an information fiduciary for its users, and targeted advertising with Jonathan Zittrain. Finally, at TheNextWeb, Arhimanyu Ghoshal advises users that the company makes phone numbers submitted for two-factor authentication publicly searchable with no way to opt out, and suggests alternatives.
https://www.facebook.com/notes/mark-zuckerberg/a-privacy-focused-vision-for-social-networking/10156700570096634/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/07/opinion/zuckerberg-privacy-facebook.html
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/07/facebook-privacy-domination
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/mar/02/facebook-global-lobbying-campaign-against-data-privacy-laws-investment
https://cyber.harvard.edu/story/2019-02/zittrain-and-zuckerberg-discuss-encryption-information-fiduciaries-and-targeted
https://thenextweb.com/facebook/2019/03/04/psa-dont-give-out-your-phone-number-for-facebook-2fa-use-an-app-instead/

Thailand's cybersecurity law poses threat to user privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Thailand has passed a cybersecurity law that will grant the government, which came to power via a 2014 military coup, broad access to internet user data, Skylar Lindsay reports at Asean Today. Critics complain that the law's definition of a "cyber threat" is vague and overbroad, and could be used to target the posters of a wide range of content even though the government claims it will not be used to regulate social media.
https://www.aseantoday.com/2019/03/thailands-new-cybersecurity-law-lets-authorities-violate-privacy/

UK, Canada: Predictive algorithms spread among police forces and local councils
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK human rights group Liberty finds that predictive policing is spreading to 14 police forces, Rebecca Hill writes at The Register. Liberty warns that the practice "lends unwarranted legitimacy to biased policing strategies" that disproportionately affect ethnic minorities and lower-income communities, and calls for forces to reevaluate their use of data for policing. Liberty also wants London's Metropolitan Police to conduct a full review of its Gangs Matrix database, which the Information Commissioner recently dubbed "unjustifiably excessive". Sky News adds that 53 local councils are using predictive algorithms to target their services. At Motherboard, Nathan Munn finds that police in at least two Canadian provinces - Ontario and Saskatchewan - are tracking "negative behavior" in a risk database; the age group most often added is children aged 12 to 17.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/02/05/cops_told_to_scrap_algorithms_for_policing_work/
https://news.sky.com/story/predictive-algorithms-hidden-revolution-taking-place-in-uks-councils-and-police-forces-11650160
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/kzdp5v/police-in-canada-are-tracking-peoples-negative-behavior-in-a-risk-database

Vermont law exposes hidden ecology of data brokers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Under a groundbreaking new law in the US state of Vermont, 121 data brokers have registered with the Secretary of State, Steven Melendez and Alex Pasternack report at Fast Company. Firms that buy and sell third-party data - such as Axciom, Oracle, Equifax, and Spokeo - are required to register, but do not have to disclose what data they collect or who buys it, nor to provide subjects access or opt-out rights. First-party data holders such as Amazon, Facebook, and Google are not required to register.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90310803/here-are-the-data-brokers-quietly-buying-and-selling-your-personal-information

Chinese social credit system blocks travelers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In 2018 people were blocked 17.5 million times from purchasing airplane tickets and 5.5 million times from buying high-speed train tickets because of social credit offenses such as failure to pay taxes and fines, Joe McDonald reports for the Associated Press, based on a report from China's National Public Credit Information Center. In addition, individuals were blocked from accepting senior management jobs or acting as a company's legal representative 290,000 times. The report added that since the launch of these punishments 3.5 million people have "voluntarily" fulfilled legal obligations, including 37 people who paid $22 million in overdue fines or confiscations.
https://www.apnews.com/9d43f4b74260411797043ddd391c13d8


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Rethinking the meaning of privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Privacy International examines the reality of the right to privacy for women, trans, and gender-diverse people in a world where historically privacy has been appropriated by patriarchal rule and systems of oppression. Digital rights conferences tend to attract those who share a particular notion of privacy; however, issues of privacy and surveillance look very different to lower-income individuals. Automated forms of decision-making in particular demand strict and normative categories in which to place people. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman discusses Victoria Schwartz's work on reconceiving privacy for the "reasonable woman".
https://www.privacyinternational.org/report/2457/report-oppression-liberation-reclaiming-right-privacy
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2015/06/the_reasonable_woman.html

Child "influencers" command substantial sums on social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Sapna Maheshwari investigates the world of child social media influencers. Advertisers like Walmart, Staples, and Mattel provide "kidfluencers" too young to have their own accounts on sites like YouTube and Instagram with endorsement deals. The two-year-old identical Fisher twins have more than 2 million Instagram followers and are paid $10,000 to $20,000 for each sponsored post. Rules that control children's TV advertising do not apply to the internet, and social media stars are not covered by laws passed to protect child actors. At Privacy News Online, Glyn Moody asks how much privacy children should have from their parents, considering examples such as GPS trackers, children-tracking apps, and headbands that read brain signals.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/01/business/media/social-media-influencers-kids.html
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2019/01/how-much-privacy-should-children-have-from-their-own-parents/

Reassessing the "tragedy of the commons"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow discusses new thinking about Garrett Hardin's 1968 "Tragedy of the Commons" paper, whose argument that the commons led to overuse by selfish actors is widely taught and used to justify the privatization of public goods. Political scientist Matto Mildenberger explains that in reality the commons were stable and well-managed until (typically rich) outsiders destabilized them. Hardin, Mildenberger argues, was a racist and eugenicist, and his paper was a piece of intellectual fraud.
https://boingboing.net/2019/03/07/scientific-fraud.html

EU: Internet platforms fail to meet agreed voluntary code of conduct
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Ars Technica, Sean Gallegher summarizes the European Commission's six-month review of the voluntary code of conduct major internet platforms and advertising trade organizations signed in October 2018 to reduce the threat of political and other disinformation. With EU-wide parliamentary elections looming in May, the EC complains that Facebook offers insufficient transparency, Google's metrics are not specific or clear enough, and Twitter failed to provide a report. The Commission threatened to introduce regulation if its next review of the code, due in October, shows insufficient progress.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/02/eu-officials-say-facebook-twitter-google-failing-in-fake-news-battle/

Trump administration's actions belie its anti-tech company rhetoric
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this op-ed at the New York Times, the Open Markets Institute's Matthew Buck and Sandeep Vaheesan argue that although US president Donald Trump and newly-confirmed Attorney General William Barr criticize the size and power of the US's biggest technology corporations, the Department of Justice Antitrust Division head, Makan Delrahim, consistently promotes their interests. Other than the AT&T-Time Warner merger, Delrahim has consistently favored legal interpretations that enhance the power of the dominant companies and is effectively revising antitrust law by filing amicus briefs supporting monopolists in court cases and interfering with municipal efforts to curb companies like Uber and Lyft. Ignore tweets, watch actions, they conclude.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/06/opinion/trump-antitrust-laws.html

US cities struggle with 1980s software infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg Businessweek, Romy Varghese exposes the aging software estate that runs America's cities. Many systems - even in San Francisco - date to the 1980s, frustrating both staff and citizens, but upgrade costs are out of reach for many jurisdictions. The move to the cloud makes it even harder to fund upgrades, because services must be paid out of operating funds where physical equipment could be funded by issuing municipal bonds.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-28/america-s-cities-are-running-on-software-from-the-80s


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Data Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
March 27, 2019
Washington, DC, US
This full-day event, convened by Access Now, will examine the contours of the data ecosystem in the United States and the need for a legislative response by bringing together privacy experts across different fields for an interactive dialogue to map the current data privacy debate, identify where consensus exists, and clarify existing questions where needed. The ultimate goal is to develop a comprehensive, rights-respecting data protection framework in the United States.
https://www.accessnow.org/data-privacy-summit/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 1, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Center for Democracy and Technology, EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group, Panoptykon, Witness.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

UK: Parliamentary committee calls Facebook "digital gangsters"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The final report from the UK Department of Culture, Media, and Sport's 18-month investigation into disinformation and fake news finds that Facebook deliberately broke privacy and competition law and should be urgently regulated, reports David Law at the Guardian. The report accuses Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg of holding parliament in contempt by refusing three times to appear in person to testify, recommends electoral law reform, and calls for independent investigations into foreign influence, disinformation, voter manipulation, and data sharing in three British polls: the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence, the 2016 EU referendum, and the 2017 general election. The report also warns that Facebook is using its dominance to shut out competitors. Separately, Jim Waterson reports at the Guardian that the independent Cairncross Review concludes that the collapse of the British media threatens the long-term sustainability of democracy, and recommends a public investigation into the dominance of Facebook and Google in advertising as well as direct funding and tax relief for public interest news outlets.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/feb/18/facebook-fake-news-investigation-report-regulation-privacy-law-dcms
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/feb/11/public-funds-should-be-used-to-rescue-local-journalism-says-report

US pushes global passenger surveillance and profiling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US is pushing the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to adopt a standard mandating government access to passenger name record data and the creation of airline passenger surveillance and profiling units in all ICAO member countries, Edward Hasbrouck reports at the Identity Project. Because many countries legally require airlines to comply with ICAO standards in the interests of aviation safety, the requirements would override national laws prohibiting governments from using commercial data about travelers for surveillance purposes.
https://papersplease.org/wp/2019/01/23/new-us-push-for-an-icao-air-travel-surveillance-mandate/#comments

Kenya rolls out National Integrated Identity Management system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Kenya has begun rolling out the National Integrated Identity Management system, which stores all types of biometrics as well as DNA samples and location information, and links that data to identity cards and use of health, education, and social services, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. The project, costed at KES6 billion ($60 million) will give all citizens and foreign residents above six years of age a unique "service number", and is intended to introduce what president Uhuru Kenyatta has called a single "source of truth" on personal identity in Kenya. The Kenya Human Rights commission is suing to block the project's installation and implementation.
https://qz.com/africa/1555938/kenya-biometric-data-id-not-with-mastercard-but-faces-opposition
https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2019/02/19/rights-group-seeks-to-block-access-to-private-information_c1896484

Data protection complaint focuses on real-time bidding
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi members Panoptykon (Poland) and Open Rights Group (UK) have joined Michael Veale of University College London and Johnny Ryan at the browser company Brave in filing a complaint with the Irish Data Protection Authority that the real-time bidding (RTB) standards defined by Google and the Internet Advertising Bureau violate the General Data Protection Regulation, Yannic Blaschke reports at EDRi. RTB systems broadcast highly sensitive personal data to thousands of companies in order to solicit bids on opportunities to show targeted ads. In his newly-published PhD thesis, Rob van Eijk concludes that RTB as presently conducted violates the requirements for consent as stipulated in the GDPR and ePrivacy Directive.
https://edri.org/google-and-iab-knowingly-enabling-intrusive-profiling/
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3319284

NGOs ask EU to reconsider approach to taking down terrorist content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF has signed onto letters sent by the NGOs Witness and the Center for Democracy and Technology asking the European Commission to reconsider proposals that would require companies to take down "terrorist content" within one hour, Jillian C. York reports at EFF's blog. EFF calls the one-hour requirement "absurd", and argues that filters neither work nor reflect the reality of how violent groups recruit and share information, and that the proposals will require companies to make hasty, unaccountable, and automated decisions. EDRi reports that the European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights have published opinions that the proposals violate fundamental human rights and likely fail to comply with the GDPR. At the VOX-Pol project, Kyle Matthews and Nicolai Pogadl warn that the big technology companies have oversold their AI capabilities, and that regulating the companies themselves is essential to counteract the spread of social polarization and mistrust.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/eus-proposal-curb-dissemination-terrorist-content-will-have-chilling-effect-speech
https://edri.org/fra-edps-terrorist-content-regulation-fundamental-rights-terreg/
https://www.voxpol.eu/big-tech-is-overselling-ai-as-the-solution-to-online-extremism/

India: Pre-election rise in fact checkers offers little transparency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As India prepares for May's general election, a growing landscape of fact-checking initiatives have been certified by the International Fact Checking Network, Cyril Sam reports at Splice. However, although the certification requirements stress non-partisanship and transparency surrounding sourcing, funding, and methodology, most fact-checking initiatives only partially disclose their funding sources, and politically partisan schemes are rising in response to those run by journalists.
https://www.thesplicenewsroom.com/fact-checking-india-election/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Mueller investigation studies Israel's Psy-Group pitches to 2016 Trump campaign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for The New Yorker, Adam Entous and Ronan Farrow examine the activities of Israeli private intelligence company Psy-Group, which recruits its staff from the ranks of Israel's secret services and specializes in using technological innovations to influence people's beliefs and behavior. Psy-Group's 2016 pitches to Trump campaign members now form part of the investigation being carried out by special prosecutor Robert Mueller.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/02/18/private-mossad-for-hire

Increased funding risks destroying the open source community
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Motherboard, Daniel Oberhaus looks at progress in funding the open source projects on which the internet infrastructure depends. The influx of funding since the 2014 discovery of the Heartbleed vulnerability in OpenSSL risks destroying the open source community by altering motivations, fostering disagreements about distribution, and creating dependency on funding that may be withdrawn in future.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/43zak3/the-internet-was-built-on-the-free-labor-of-open-source-developers-is-that-sustainable

Trust and the public blockchain
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this review of Wharton School professor Kevin Werbach's new book, Blockchain and the New Architecture of Trust, Bruce Schneier discusses the feasibility of the idea that the public blockchain can provide a way of bypassing trust. In his book, Werbach outlines four trust architectures: peer-to-peer (morals and reputation systems), leviathan (institutions), intermediary (for example, credit cards), and distributed (blockchain). Blockchains cannot eliminate the need for trust, Schneier writes, and code cannot replace the social value of trust. At his blog, Ivan Ivanitskiy considers eight popular use cases for blockchain and explains why they don't work.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2019/02/blockchain_and_.html
https://blog.smartdec.net/you-do-not-need-blockchain-eight-popular-use-cases-and-why-they-do-not-work-f2ecc6cc2129

The invisible woman and the gender data gap
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Caroline Criado Perez summarizes her forthcoming book,  Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias in a World Designed for Men, the results of three years of research into the many ways design fails to take account of women's different size, strength, and shape. Thinking of taller-than-average men as the norm means more than inconvenience: women are under-represented in all areas of design and data collection, from studies of poverty to medical testing. In some cases, such as crash tests and police body armor, women's lives are placed at risk by their omission from design specifications.
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/feb/23/truth-world-built-for-men-car-crashes

The problem with Silicon Valley's favorite business model
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz review of Blitzscaling, by LinkedIn Co-founder Reid Hoffman and entrepreneur Chris Yeh, Tim O'Reilly deplores Silicon Valley's favorite business model, in which companies' goal from the outset is to become monopolies. Cheap capital that subsidizes losses has led investors to pick winners rather than allow markets to develop organically. O'Reilly discusses the benefits and flaws of the approach, and its application in the Code for America project.
https://qz.com/1540608/the-problem-with-silicon-valleys-obsession-with-blitzscaling-growth/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: DataKind UK, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, EFF, The Engine Room, Epicenter.works, HRDAG, PIJIP, Privacy International, R3D, Wikimedia.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

German regulator prohibits Facebook from merging data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The German antitrust regulator, Budeskartellamt, has concluded a three-year investigation by requiring Facebook to cease forcing users to agree to the company's practice of pooling their data with data from third-party apps, including its subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram, Douglas Busvine reports for Reuters. Facebook will appeal the decision. At Politico, Laura Kayali studies internal European Commission emails and written accounts of private meetings from 2015 to 2018 to expose Facebook's strategy for opposing any form of EU regulation of its businesses.
https://in.mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idINKCN1PW0SW
https://www.politico.eu/article/inside-story-facebook-fight-against-european-regulation/

EU nears final agreement on copyright reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Council of Europe has adopted a common position on the reformed EU Copyright Directive that includes more extreme versions of the controversial Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter"), the MEP Julia Reda reports. France and Germany have reached a compromise over the opposition of Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovakia in which sites are only exempt if they are less than three years old, have an annual turnover of under Ä10 million, and have fewer than 5 million unique visitors per month. At press time, the trilogue stage was awaiting completion. EDRi reports that the final plenary vote in Parliament will take place in March or April, before the May elections. At Wikimedia, Dimitar Dimitrov and Allison Davenport explain why Wikimedia opposes the proposed reforms. At EFF, Cory Doctorow finds that everyone hates the new compromise.
https://juliareda.eu/2019/02/council-worst-article-13/
https://edri.org/copyright-franco-german-tandem-strikes-dangerous-deal-on-article-13/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/02/07/problems-remain-with-the-eus-copyright-reform/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/german-french-deal-rescue-eu-copyright-directive-everyone-hates-it-everyone

Apple blocks Google and Facebook internal apps for policy violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Apple temporarily blocked Google and Facebook from distributing internal iOS apps because they violated Apple's distribution policy, Tom Warren reports at The Verge. As part of its enterprise program, Apple allows companies to develop apps for internal use, but bars them from distributing those apps to consumers. At Recode, Kurt Wagner explains that Facebook abused the program to publish a "research" app that paid users as young as 13 to track their app history, private messages, and location data.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/31/18205795/apple-google-blocked-internal-ios-apps-developer-certificate
https://www.recode.net/2019/1/30/18203231/apple-banning-facebook-research-app

Bell Canada sought to ban VPNs in NAFTA negotiations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As part of the negotiations to reform the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Bell Canada urged the government to ban VPNs "used for the purpose of circumventing copyright", Michael Geist reports at his blog. In its submission to the negotiations, uncovered by The Wire Report, Bell also advocated adopting methods "such as the site-blocking regimes required in Europe".
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/01/bell-urged-canadian-government-to-ban-some-vpn-services-in-nafta-submission/

UK: Leeds tribunal rules Hermes couriers are employees
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a case expected to have widespread consequences for "gig economy" workers and supported by Britain's general trade union, GMB, an employment tribunal in Leeds has ruled that a group of 65 Hermes couriers are entitled to be treated as employees instead of independent contractors, Haroon Siddique reports at the Guardian. The ruling will entitle all 14,500 Hermes couriers in the UK to receive minimum wage and holiday pay, and to reclaim deductions taken from their wages on the basis that they were self-employed.
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jun/25/hermes-couriers-are-workers-not-self-employed-tribunal-rules

World Trade Organization launches ecommerce talks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ministers from 76 countries including the US, China, the EU, and Japan, have launched talks to negotiate a framework for ecommerce, valued in 2016 at $27.7 trillion globally, Reuters reports. In response, Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD) has published a resolution urging negotiators  not to interfere with digital rights. Among TACD's recommendations: ensure meaningful transparency and proactive engagement with all stakeholders, including citizens; focus on protections and rights for consumers; and do not use trade deals to tackle problems they're not suited for, such as cybersecurity, Internet of Things, AI, network neutrality, or data protection.
http://www.asianage.com/technology/in-other-news/270119/76-wto-members-pushing-for-new-e-commerce-rules.html
http://tacd.org/tacd-urges-wto-negotiators-not-to-interfere-with-digital-rights/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Singapore and South Africa enhance creators' rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Infojustice, Sean Flynn, the associate director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP), outlines the state of copyright law in Singapore, which recently released a report on copyright reform, and South Africa, where the first and most important house of the legislature has recently passed a copyright reform bill. Singapore proposes to eliminate one of the five factors for its fair use test and copy South Africa in focusing on the rights of individual creators. South Africa's bill answers creators' demands for exceptions to enable the right to create, shift the default ownership of new copyrights to the author rather than the commissioner, and provide protection against abuse and exploitation by collective management organizations.
http://infojustice.org/archives/40806

Human rights groups call on United Nations to sever Palantir partnership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter, human and digital rights organizations including EDRi, Derechos Digitales, DataKind UK, The Engine Room, R3D, Privacy International, and the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG), ask the United Nations World Food Program to reconsider its decision to partner with Palantir. At issue are Palantir's data practices, pricing model, and opacity, as well as the lack of transparency and accountability surrounding the procurement decision. At IRIN, Ben Parker explains what is known about the $45 million partnership.
https://responsibledata.io/2019/02/08/open-letter-to-wfp-re-palantir-agreement/
https://www.irinnews.org/news/2019/02/05/un-palantir-deal-data-mining-protection-concerns-wfp

US: Michael Bloomberg builds anti-Trump data operation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Atlantic, Edward-Isaac Dovere outlines the data-centric political operation to take down Donald Trump in the 2020 US presidential election that Michael Bloomberg is spending hundreds of millions of dollars to create. Bloomberg has yet to decide whether to run, but his "all the data" "tech stack" could nonetheless become the biggest and most powerful political organization in the US.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/01/bloomberg-building-data-organization-crush-trump/581710/

The age of surveillance capitalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from the 2019 Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, Harvard Business School professor Shoshana Zuboff discusses her new book, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, with Giovanni Buttarelli, Gary Davis, Andrea Renda, Paul Nemitz, and Julie E. Cohen. At The Baffler, Evgeny Morozov provides a long critique of Zuboff's book. Other significant session videos posted by CPDP present panels on the US CLOUD Act and electronic evidence, regulating AI, and blockchain and the General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKnkSm6EF1Y
https://thebaffler.com/latest/capitalisms-new-clothes-morozov
https://www.youtube.com/user/CPDPConferences/videos

China emphasizes AI for military and economic leadership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Center for a New American Security, Gregory C. Allen explores China's AI strategy and its implications for national security. Among his key points: China's leaders believe that leadership in AI is crucial for military and economic power, and is intent on reducing its dependence on foreign technology. The country also favors the development of new norms and sees increased military use as inevitable.
https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/understanding-chinas-ai-strategy

Zero-rating Facebook raises wireless data prices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes a study of 30 European countries, conducted by Epicenter.works, that finds that countries that allow Facebook to operate its "zero rating" program end up paying more for wireless data. The scheme encourages wireless carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services such as the open web, giving Facebook and other big incumbents control of an increasingly non-competitive market.
https://boingboing.net/2019/02/08/zuckergarchs.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
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April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFFís well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
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April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
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April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a ìjust and equal information societyî for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
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April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
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April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
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May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
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May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
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May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
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May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
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May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of ìshrinking spaceî varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
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May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
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May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
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May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
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May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
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June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
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June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
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June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
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June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
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June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
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July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
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August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
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November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
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November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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