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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 12, 2019

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The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, mySociety, Open Rights Group, SPARC, Wikimedia.


NEWS
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Voting errors aided European Parliament passage of Copyright Directive
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A change to the vote order in the European Parliament meant that 13 MEPs who wanted to remove the controversial "link tax" and "upload filter" provisions mistakenly voted against considering amendments to the Copyright Directive, Mike Masnick reports at Techdirt. The motion failed by just five votes; the Directive then passed unchanged. Under European Parliament rules, MEPs may correct such errors, but corrections do not change the outcome. In a blog posting, Communia discusses the "lost opportunity" the Directive represents: it will not balance the interests of rights holders and users, protect human rights, or enable creativity and innovation to flourish. At Wikimedia, Jan Gerlach and Allison Davenport call the outcome "disappointing", but say the Directive contains some positive elements, such as new safeguards for the public domain. At her blog, the MEP Julia Reda (Pirate Party, Germany) says the last chance to stop the Directive will be on April 15, when the Council of Ministers - on this occasion, the Agriculture and Fisheries Council - will vote on it.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190326/15193241877/enough-meps-say-they-mistakenly-voted-articles-11-13-that-vote-should-have-flipped-eu-parliament-says-too-bad.shtml
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/03/26/european-parliament-limits-internet-freedom-in-controversial-copyright-vote/
https://juliareda.eu/2019/04/copyright-final-vote/

UK announces new internet regulation
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The UK government has published its "online harms" white paper, which proposes to create a duty of care for websites that "allows users to share or discover user-generated content, or interact with each other online", Heather Stewart and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. The proposals would make sites liable for the content users post; the sites and their owners could be fined and senior managers held criminally liable. At the Washington Post, Tony Romm describes the plan as "aggressive", as it targets everything from child exploitation and false news to terrorist activity and extreme violence. At the Guardian,  Alex Hern suggests that the proposals risk creating a "North Korean-style censorship regime". At the Open Rights Group blog, Jim Killock and Amy Shepherd argue that the strategy should take a rights-based approach and that the current plan will introduce widespread prior restraint and may establish a dangerously restrictive new global norm. .
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/social-media-bosses-could-be-liable-for-harmful-content-leaked-uk-plan-reveals
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/04/07/uk-unveils-sweeping-plan-penalize-facebook-google-harmful-online-content/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/08/online-laws-threaten-freedom-of-speech-of-millions-of-britons
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/the-dcms-online-harms-strategy-must-design-in-fundamental-rights


Elsevier's knowledge production dominance extends beyond journals
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Elsevier's five years of acquiring scholarly reference tools such as Mendeley, SSRN, Pure, and Bepress have made the company dominant in ways that reach far beyond its journals, Lindsay Ellis reports at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Institutions worry that these acquisitions are changing knowledge production and making it harder for professors and institutions to cut ties, SPARC's Heather Joseph tells Ellis. At the Guardian, Jason Schmitt argues that paywalls and contractual non-disclosure agreements are blocking collective discussion of price structures. He urges individual academics to take action, and examines several current plans for changing the status quo.
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Elsevier-s-Presence-on/246048/
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/mar/28/paywalls-block-scientific-progress-research-should-be-open-to-everyone

US: FEMA violates privacy of 2.5 million disaster survivors
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The US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) shared with a contractor sensitive information such as personal addresses and banking details pertaining to 2.5 million survivors of US disasters including the 2018 California wildfires and Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria, report Joel Achenbach, William Wan, and Tony Romm at the Washington Post. The Department of Homeland Security's Office of Inspector General says FEMA has since improved its practices. At Vice, Elizabeth Brico finds that the stakes of a data breach are higher for poor people, who lack the resources necessary for recovery.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/fema-data-breach-hits-25-million-disaster-survivors/2019/03/22/3e2c6232-4cec-11e9-93d0-64dbcf38ba41_story.html
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/mbz493/privacy-is-becoming-a-luxury-what-data-leaks-are-like-for-the-poor

Denmark, Poland: Data protection regulators punish GDPR infringers
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The Danish (Datatilsynet) and Polish (UODO) data protection regulators have issued their first sanctions under the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, Alexander Schneider and Matthew Sullivan of Kelley Drye & Warren LLP report at JD Supra. Under Article 5, Datatilsynet has fined the taxi company Taxa 4x35 nearly $180,000 for retaining 9 million taxi ride records after they were no longer needed. The company had "anonymized" the data by removing the customer names, a practice Datatilsynet said was insufficient since it kept phone numbers and ride histories. Besides fining the Sweden-based digital marketing company Bisnode's Polish subsidiary €220,000, UODO is requiring it to contact the nearly 6 million people it failed to notify that it scrapes third-party data from public sources. Of those Bisnode did notify, 13% objected. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas says Bisnode will appeal and is deleting the data rather than shoulder the cost of notification, and adds that the costs of GDPR violations can reach far beyond fines.
https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/gdpr-recap-technical-violations-result-72895/
https://techcrunch.com/2019/03/30/covert-data-scraping-on-watch-as-eu-dpa-lays-down-radical-gdpr-red-line/

Colorado enacts network neutrality bill with penalties for violations
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Colorado governor Jared Polis is on the verge of signing into law a network neutrality bill that will penalize ISPs for prioritizing some types of internet traffic or selectively slowing speeds for users by requiring them to pay back their state grants to build broadband infrastructure, Tamara Chuang reports for the Colorado Sun. Polis says he sees the bill as "a cornerstone to democracy".
https://coloradosun.com/2019/04/05/colorados-own-net-neutrality-bill-gets-some-teeth/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Technology workers organize in Silicon Valley
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In this article at New Statesman, Hettie O'Brien discovers that union activism is on the rise in libertarian Silicon Valley, where groups such as the Tech Workers Coalition, founded in 2014, are helping organize workers and train them to demand better working conditions. One result is increased employee rebellion against military contracts signed by companies like Microsoft and Google, as well as an industry-wide movement to oppose US president Donald Trump's "Muslim registry".
https://www.newstatesman.com/world/2019/03/how-silicon-valley-being-reshaped-trade-unions

Google opens, then closes, AI ethics board
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A week after announcing its formation, Google closed the ethics board intended to guide the responsible development of AI, Kelsey Piper reports at Vox. The board's members were to have included Joanna Bryson (University of Bath), Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie-Mellon), Luciano Floridi (Oxford), drone company CEO Dyan Gibbens, and Heritage Foundation president Kay Coles James. The latter was particularly controversial, and her presence led Acquisti to resign and, Will Knight reports at MIT Technology Review, nearly 1,000 Google employees and academic researchers to petition for her removal. Piper believes it's important that Google tries again and gets it right.
https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/4/4/18295933/google-cancels-ai-ethics-board
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613253/googles-ai-council-faces-blowback-over-a-conservative-member/

Funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology
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In this video clip from mySociety's annual TicTec conference, Lucia Abelenda Casalet (Fundación Avina, Mexico), Helen Turek (Open Government Partnership, Germany), and Breandán Knowlton (Government Digital Service, UK) discuss funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology. Casalet discusses gender inclusion in technology in Latin America; Turek gives examples of the civic tech projects she says are essential to create the government transparency the OGP seeks to promote; and Knowlton discusses how to work with risk-averse governments and presents the results of a crowdsourcing exercise that identified 15 challenges GDS should tackle.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8ogdLWRFCk

The loss of the early web
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In this article at the BBC, Stephen Dowling discusses the loss of nearly all of the first five years of the web, much of it closed down by commercial imperatives. Even now that libraries are conscious of the need to preserve the digital world, much is being lost because of the sheer volume of new material posted every day.
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20190401-why-theres-so-little-left-of-the-early-internet

Dispute over encryption masks debate over future of amateur radio
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In this article at The Register, Thomas Claburn explores an ongoing fight over the future of amateur ("ham") radio. While the battle is ostensibly over whether to allow encrypted communications, the underlying issue is whether to allow the amateur radio spectrum to remain a hobbyist space or to develop it for commercial data traffic.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/04/05/amateur_radio_spectrum/

India: AI helps mitigate shortage of doctors
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In this article at Factor Daily, Anand Murali Jayadevan PK discusses progress in India toward using AI to improve healthcare diagnostics and argues that the country's acute shortage of doctors cannot be solved without technology. Jayadevan goes on to survey India's dozen or more startups exploring various aspects of medical technology.
https://factordaily.com/ai-for-healthcare-in-india/

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DIARY
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If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

WSIS
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April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
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April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
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April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
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May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
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May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
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May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
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May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
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May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
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May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
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May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
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May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
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May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
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June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
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June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
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June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
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June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
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June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
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June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
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July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

Wikimania
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August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
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November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
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November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
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January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
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January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 29, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, EDRi, mySociety, Open Rights Group.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

European Parliament votes to adopt controversial copyright reform
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The European Parliament has voted 348-274 to adopt the Copyright Directive, including Article 11 ("link tax") and Article 13 ("upload filter"), James Temperton reports at Wired. MEP refused, by just five votes, to consider any amendments. Member states now have two years to pass national legislation putting the directive into effect. Seconds after the vote, MEP Julia Reda tweeted to call it a "dark day for internet freedom". Communia provides an analysis of the directive's intense journey through the European legislative process, and calls the result "a lost opportunity for Europe".
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/eu-article-13-vote-article-17
https://twitter.com/Senficon/status/1110509970213294081
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/


AI research mines training data without permission
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Facial recognition training datasets are made up of whatever images researchers can grab from public websites without permission, Olivia Solon reports at NBC News, calling the situation AI's "dirty little secret". In January, IBM released a set of nearly 1 million images taken from the photo hosting site Flickr that it had coded to describe the subjects' appearance. For minorities, the practice raises surveillance concerns. At his blog, Andres Guadamuz responds with a discussion of the copyright status of AI training data, whether IBM's use of these photographs violated their Creative Commons licenses, and the need for a data-mining exception.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/internet/facial-recognition-s-dirty-little-secret-millions-online-photos-scraped-n981921
https://www.technollama.co.uk/using-creative-commons-images-to-train-artificial-intelligence

EU regulators fine Google €1.5 billion for antitrust violations
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On March 20, the EU's competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, fined Google €1.5 billion for engaging in "illegal practices" to "cement its dominant market position" in search and advertising, Tony Romm reports at the Washington Post. At issue is Google's relationships with third-party websites via its "AdSense for Search" program, which in 2016 required Google's ads to receive prominent placement and prohibited participating sites from using other ad services. Vestager indicated that Google faces further antitrust scrutiny. The new fine brings the total that has been levied against Google to more than $9 billion; several past fines are still under appeal.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/03/20/google-fined-nearly-billion-ad-practices-that-violated-european-antitrust-laws/

Africa risks spying to gain internet access
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African countries are willing to trade the risk of spying for Chinese investment providing them with internet access, Amy Mackinnon reports at Foreign Policy. Huawei has built about 70% of the continent's 4G networks, and Chinese banks provide loans that are approved faster and with fewer conditions than from their Western competitors. "Everybody spies on Africa," says one journalism professor in Nigeria. In a long posting, Bright Simons uses Uber as an example to discuss the reasons why "leapfrogging" is not working in frontier markets.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/03/19/for-africa-chinese-built-internet-is-better-than-no-internet-at-all/
https://www.cgdev.org/publication/why-leapfrogging-frontier-markets-isnt-working

Norwegian universities drop Elsevier subscriptions
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Norwegian research institutions have joined the lengthening list of organizations that have declined to renew their agreements with Elsevier, Catherine Offord reports at The Scientist. The Norwegian Directorate for ICT and Joint Services in Higher Education and Research (UNIT) said that although Elsevier offered to lower some of its costs for Norwegian institutions, who pay the company nearly €10 million a year, it refused to meet UNIT's requirements for open access. Researchers will still be able to publish in Elsevier journals, but will not have access to articles dated after 2018.
https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/norway-joins-list-of-countries-canceling-elsevier-contracts-65594

Russia tests out a disconnected, sovereign internet
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Between the end of March 2019 and mid-April, Russia is planning to test whether it can disconnect electronically from the rest of the world while keeping the internet running for its own citizens, Charlotte Jee reports at MIT Technology Review. Although the technical challenge is "fiendishly difficult" and may cost as much as $304 million, the test is key to a "sovereign internet" law the Russian parliament appears likely to pass.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613138/russia-wants-to-cut-itself-off-from-the-global-internet-heres-what-that-really-means/

EU: Government sites filled with adtech trackers
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A scan of 184,683 EU government webpages carried out by EDRi and Cookiebot in mid-March found that the government websites of 25 of the 28 EU member countries - missing only Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands - host undisclosed commercial adtech trackers, many based on third-party scripts, Rebecca Hill reports at The Register. Overall, the practice enables 112 companies to collect data on EU citizens' browsing habits. Google was present on 82% of the sites and accounted for three of the top five trackers (YouTube, DoubleClick, and Google). In addition, 52% of public health sites host commercial trackers even though these sites do not rely on advertising revenue. Separately, Hill reports that the advocate general to the Court of Justice of the European Union has issued an opinion that requiring someone to untick a pre-checked box does not count as valid freely-given consent to the use of cookies.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/18/cookie_government_tracking_report/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/22/eu_cookie_preticked_box_not_valid_consent/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Facebook's News Feed algorithm change one year on
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In this article at Nieman Lab, Laura Hazard Owen discusses the impact of Facebook's year-old change to its News Feed algorithm to prioritize personal postings and "meaningful interactions" rather than publisher content. Based on a new report from the social media tracking company NewsWhip, Owen finds that the result has been to push up articles on divisive topics and politics. Engagement is much higher but much angrier, and the most-shared story of 2019 to date warns that a sex offender may be lurking near Waco, Texas.
http://www.niemanlab.org/2019/03/one-year-in-facebooks-big-algorithm-change-has-spurred-an-angry-fox-news-dominated-and-very-engaged-news-feed/

Acceptable voting machines
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In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Andrew Appel specifies acceptable voting machines. Among his requirements: it must be possible to detect cheating, audit the results, and be robust enough to manage unexpectedly high turnouts. In a blog posting, the managers of the UK government's petitions site explain how they deal with similar issues of scaling and fraud when petitions, such as March 2019's "Revoke Article 50", attract a huge response as people from all over the UK try to sign it at once.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2019/03/14/voting-machines-i-recommend
https://technology.blog.gov.uk/2016/08/16/scaling-the-petitions-service-following-the-eu-referendum/

The new ecosystem of trust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper at Nesta, Geoff Mulgan and Vincent Straub discuss data governance for public benefit and survey the landscape of options that's opening up, from legislative moves such as the General Data Protection Regulation to technology solutions such as personal data stores and public data trusts. No one model will suit all situations; the authors attempt to provide a framework for designing a family of new institutions.
https://www.nesta.org.uk/blog/new-ecosystem-trust/

Identifying the impact of Brexit on data flows
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, technology policy specialist Monica Horten discusses what Brexit would mean for data flows and the regulatory burden businesses face. World Trade Organization rules can't help because they are more than 20 years old; in January 2019, 76 WTO members agreed to start talks on ecommerce, a process that will take years. At the Open Rights Group blog, Javier Ruiz outlines concerns about ongoing US-UK trade negotiations, in which the US wants unimpeded cross-border data flows, confidentiality for source code and algorithms, limited liability for online platforms, and no cross-border taxes on digital goods.
http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php/brexit/1100-data-and-brexit-a-mis-calculation
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/us-red-lines-for-digital-trade-with-the-uk-cause-alarm

UK's Furman report recommends improving competition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Computer Weekly, Angelica Mari summarizes the Furman report, which recommends changes to the UK's competition policy and suggests that a code of conduct should be introduced for large technology companies like Google, Facebook, and Amazon. The report also recommends giving the Competition and Markets Authority greater powers to block mergers and acquisitions and give people greater control over their own data. At TACD, Gene Kimmelman argues that antitrust action to break up the large technology companies, as some US politicians are demanding, is not enough to protect consumers on its own; also needed are additional accountability tools and enforcement practices.
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252459377/Furman-Review-urges-greater-competition-for-tech-giants
http://tacd.org/to-make-the-tech-sector-competitive-antitrust-is-only-half-the-answer/

Omidyar Network changes focus to civic empowerment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Stacy Donohue presents the new strategy being adopted by funders at Omidyar Network spin-off Luminate, based on what they have learned over the last ten years by investing in civic technology organizations in 18 countries, including Code for America, mySociety, Nossas, and amandla.mobi. With trust in government in decline in many countries, technology itself is insufficient to effect sustained change. Without complementary real-world efforts, under-represented groups continue to be disempowered. And, because many governments are actively working to curtail civic space, civic technology is becoming increasingly politicized.
https://luminategroup.com/posts/blog/from-civic-tech-to-civic-empowerment-luminates-strategic-shift

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 1, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Center for Democracy and Technology, EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group, Panoptykon, Witness.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

UK: Parliamentary committee calls Facebook "digital gangsters"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The final report from the UK Department of Culture, Media, and Sport's 18-month investigation into disinformation and fake news finds that Facebook deliberately broke privacy and competition law and should be urgently regulated, reports David Law at the Guardian. The report accuses Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg of holding parliament in contempt by refusing three times to appear in person to testify, recommends electoral law reform, and calls for independent investigations into foreign influence, disinformation, voter manipulation, and data sharing in three British polls: the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence, the 2016 EU referendum, and the 2017 general election. The report also warns that Facebook is using its dominance to shut out competitors. Separately, Jim Waterson reports at the Guardian that the independent Cairncross Review concludes that the collapse of the British media threatens the long-term sustainability of democracy, and recommends a public investigation into the dominance of Facebook and Google in advertising as well as direct funding and tax relief for public interest news outlets.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/feb/18/facebook-fake-news-investigation-report-regulation-privacy-law-dcms
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/feb/11/public-funds-should-be-used-to-rescue-local-journalism-says-report

US pushes global passenger surveillance and profiling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US is pushing the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to adopt a standard mandating government access to passenger name record data and the creation of airline passenger surveillance and profiling units in all ICAO member countries, Edward Hasbrouck reports at the Identity Project. Because many countries legally require airlines to comply with ICAO standards in the interests of aviation safety, the requirements would override national laws prohibiting governments from using commercial data about travelers for surveillance purposes.
https://papersplease.org/wp/2019/01/23/new-us-push-for-an-icao-air-travel-surveillance-mandate/#comments

Kenya rolls out National Integrated Identity Management system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Kenya has begun rolling out the National Integrated Identity Management system, which stores all types of biometrics as well as DNA samples and location information, and links that data to identity cards and use of health, education, and social services, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. The project, costed at KES6 billion ($60 million) will give all citizens and foreign residents above six years of age a unique "service number", and is intended to introduce what president Uhuru Kenyatta has called a single "source of truth" on personal identity in Kenya. The Kenya Human Rights commission is suing to block the project's installation and implementation.
https://qz.com/africa/1555938/kenya-biometric-data-id-not-with-mastercard-but-faces-opposition
https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2019/02/19/rights-group-seeks-to-block-access-to-private-information_c1896484

Data protection complaint focuses on real-time bidding
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi members Panoptykon (Poland) and Open Rights Group (UK) have joined Michael Veale of University College London and Johnny Ryan at the browser company Brave in filing a complaint with the Irish Data Protection Authority that the real-time bidding (RTB) standards defined by Google and the Internet Advertising Bureau violate the General Data Protection Regulation, Yannic Blaschke reports at EDRi. RTB systems broadcast highly sensitive personal data to thousands of companies in order to solicit bids on opportunities to show targeted ads. In his newly-published PhD thesis, Rob van Eijk concludes that RTB as presently conducted violates the requirements for consent as stipulated in the GDPR and ePrivacy Directive.
https://edri.org/google-and-iab-knowingly-enabling-intrusive-profiling/
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3319284

NGOs ask EU to reconsider approach to taking down terrorist content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF has signed onto letters sent by the NGOs Witness and the Center for Democracy and Technology asking the European Commission to reconsider proposals that would require companies to take down "terrorist content" within one hour, Jillian C. York reports at EFF's blog. EFF calls the one-hour requirement "absurd", and argues that filters neither work nor reflect the reality of how violent groups recruit and share information, and that the proposals will require companies to make hasty, unaccountable, and automated decisions. EDRi reports that the European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights have published opinions that the proposals violate fundamental human rights and likely fail to comply with the GDPR. At the VOX-Pol project, Kyle Matthews and Nicolai Pogadl warn that the big technology companies have oversold their AI capabilities, and that regulating the companies themselves is essential to counteract the spread of social polarization and mistrust.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/eus-proposal-curb-dissemination-terrorist-content-will-have-chilling-effect-speech
https://edri.org/fra-edps-terrorist-content-regulation-fundamental-rights-terreg/
https://www.voxpol.eu/big-tech-is-overselling-ai-as-the-solution-to-online-extremism/

India: Pre-election rise in fact checkers offers little transparency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As India prepares for May's general election, a growing landscape of fact-checking initiatives have been certified by the International Fact Checking Network, Cyril Sam reports at Splice. However, although the certification requirements stress non-partisanship and transparency surrounding sourcing, funding, and methodology, most fact-checking initiatives only partially disclose their funding sources, and politically partisan schemes are rising in response to those run by journalists.
https://www.thesplicenewsroom.com/fact-checking-india-election/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Mueller investigation studies Israel's Psy-Group pitches to 2016 Trump campaign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for The New Yorker, Adam Entous and Ronan Farrow examine the activities of Israeli private intelligence company Psy-Group, which recruits its staff from the ranks of Israel's secret services and specializes in using technological innovations to influence people's beliefs and behavior. Psy-Group's 2016 pitches to Trump campaign members now form part of the investigation being carried out by special prosecutor Robert Mueller.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/02/18/private-mossad-for-hire

Increased funding risks destroying the open source community
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Motherboard, Daniel Oberhaus looks at progress in funding the open source projects on which the internet infrastructure depends. The influx of funding since the 2014 discovery of the Heartbleed vulnerability in OpenSSL risks destroying the open source community by altering motivations, fostering disagreements about distribution, and creating dependency on funding that may be withdrawn in future.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/43zak3/the-internet-was-built-on-the-free-labor-of-open-source-developers-is-that-sustainable

Trust and the public blockchain
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this review of Wharton School professor Kevin Werbach's new book, Blockchain and the New Architecture of Trust, Bruce Schneier discusses the feasibility of the idea that the public blockchain can provide a way of bypassing trust. In his book, Werbach outlines four trust architectures: peer-to-peer (morals and reputation systems), leviathan (institutions), intermediary (for example, credit cards), and distributed (blockchain). Blockchains cannot eliminate the need for trust, Schneier writes, and code cannot replace the social value of trust. At his blog, Ivan Ivanitskiy considers eight popular use cases for blockchain and explains why they don't work.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2019/02/blockchain_and_.html
https://blog.smartdec.net/you-do-not-need-blockchain-eight-popular-use-cases-and-why-they-do-not-work-f2ecc6cc2129

The invisible woman and the gender data gap
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Caroline Criado Perez summarizes her forthcoming book,  Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias in a World Designed for Men, the results of three years of research into the many ways design fails to take account of women's different size, strength, and shape. Thinking of taller-than-average men as the norm means more than inconvenience: women are under-represented in all areas of design and data collection, from studies of poverty to medical testing. In some cases, such as crash tests and police body armor, women's lives are placed at risk by their omission from design specifications.
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/feb/23/truth-world-built-for-men-car-crashes

The problem with Silicon Valley's favorite business model
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz review of Blitzscaling, by LinkedIn Co-founder Reid Hoffman and entrepreneur Chris Yeh, Tim O'Reilly deplores Silicon Valley's favorite business model, in which companies' goal from the outset is to become monopolies. Cheap capital that subsidizes losses has led investors to pick winners rather than allow markets to develop organically. O'Reilly discusses the benefits and flaws of the approach, and its application in the Code for America project.
https://qz.com/1540608/the-problem-with-silicon-valleys-obsession-with-blitzscaling-growth/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Open Markets Institute, Privacy International.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

University of California terminates Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The University of California, which produces almost 10% of US research output, has concluded months of negotiations with the academic publisher Elsevier by deciding not to renew its journal subscriptions, Benedicte Page reports at The Bookseller. UC said Elsevier was unwilling to meet the goal of securing universal open access to UC research while containing journal costs. UC's proposed terms would have integrated subscription charges and open access publishing fees. Elsevier said it hoped to reach agreement "soon".
https://www.thebookseller.com/news/university-california-boycotts-elsevier-965166

Facebook claims it will pivot to embrace privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook will pivot to privacy by changing its focus to end-to-end encryption and auto-deletion of messages, CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced on the Facebook blog. At the Guardian, Julia Carrie Wong lists former FTC chief technologist Ashkan Soltani among the numerous skeptics that Facebook's version of "privacy" will include privacy from its own data collection. At the New York Times, Zeynep Tufecki calls the plan "shrewd competitive positioning, dressed up in privacy rhetoric" intended to help it side-step threatened government regulation. At the Guardian, Siva Vaidhyanathan suggests that Facebook is positioning itself to compete head-on with China's dominant WeChat. At the Observer, Carole Cadwalladr and Duncan Campbell analyze leaked court documents that expose global leaders' accommodating response to Facebook's lobbying to block data privacy legislation. In a video clip Zuckerberg discusses encryption, whether Facebook is an information fiduciary for its users, and targeted advertising with Jonathan Zittrain. Finally, at TheNextWeb, Arhimanyu Ghoshal advises users that the company makes phone numbers submitted for two-factor authentication publicly searchable with no way to opt out, and suggests alternatives.
https://www.facebook.com/notes/mark-zuckerberg/a-privacy-focused-vision-for-social-networking/10156700570096634/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/07/opinion/zuckerberg-privacy-facebook.html
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/07/facebook-privacy-domination
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/mar/02/facebook-global-lobbying-campaign-against-data-privacy-laws-investment
https://cyber.harvard.edu/story/2019-02/zittrain-and-zuckerberg-discuss-encryption-information-fiduciaries-and-targeted
https://thenextweb.com/facebook/2019/03/04/psa-dont-give-out-your-phone-number-for-facebook-2fa-use-an-app-instead/

Thailand's cybersecurity law poses threat to user privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Thailand has passed a cybersecurity law that will grant the government, which came to power via a 2014 military coup, broad access to internet user data, Skylar Lindsay reports at Asean Today. Critics complain that the law's definition of a "cyber threat" is vague and overbroad, and could be used to target the posters of a wide range of content even though the government claims it will not be used to regulate social media.
https://www.aseantoday.com/2019/03/thailands-new-cybersecurity-law-lets-authorities-violate-privacy/

UK, Canada: Predictive algorithms spread among police forces and local councils
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK human rights group Liberty finds that predictive policing is spreading to 14 police forces, Rebecca Hill writes at The Register. Liberty warns that the practice "lends unwarranted legitimacy to biased policing strategies" that disproportionately affect ethnic minorities and lower-income communities, and calls for forces to reevaluate their use of data for policing. Liberty also wants London's Metropolitan Police to conduct a full review of its Gangs Matrix database, which the Information Commissioner recently dubbed "unjustifiably excessive". Sky News adds that 53 local councils are using predictive algorithms to target their services. At Motherboard, Nathan Munn finds that police in at least two Canadian provinces - Ontario and Saskatchewan - are tracking "negative behavior" in a risk database; the age group most often added is children aged 12 to 17.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/02/05/cops_told_to_scrap_algorithms_for_policing_work/
https://news.sky.com/story/predictive-algorithms-hidden-revolution-taking-place-in-uks-councils-and-police-forces-11650160
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/kzdp5v/police-in-canada-are-tracking-peoples-negative-behavior-in-a-risk-database

Vermont law exposes hidden ecology of data brokers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Under a groundbreaking new law in the US state of Vermont, 121 data brokers have registered with the Secretary of State, Steven Melendez and Alex Pasternack report at Fast Company. Firms that buy and sell third-party data - such as Axciom, Oracle, Equifax, and Spokeo - are required to register, but do not have to disclose what data they collect or who buys it, nor to provide subjects access or opt-out rights. First-party data holders such as Amazon, Facebook, and Google are not required to register.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90310803/here-are-the-data-brokers-quietly-buying-and-selling-your-personal-information

Chinese social credit system blocks travelers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In 2018 people were blocked 17.5 million times from purchasing airplane tickets and 5.5 million times from buying high-speed train tickets because of social credit offenses such as failure to pay taxes and fines, Joe McDonald reports for the Associated Press, based on a report from China's National Public Credit Information Center. In addition, individuals were blocked from accepting senior management jobs or acting as a company's legal representative 290,000 times. The report added that since the launch of these punishments 3.5 million people have "voluntarily" fulfilled legal obligations, including 37 people who paid $22 million in overdue fines or confiscations.
https://www.apnews.com/9d43f4b74260411797043ddd391c13d8


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Rethinking the meaning of privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Privacy International examines the reality of the right to privacy for women, trans, and gender-diverse people in a world where historically privacy has been appropriated by patriarchal rule and systems of oppression. Digital rights conferences tend to attract those who share a particular notion of privacy; however, issues of privacy and surveillance look very different to lower-income individuals. Automated forms of decision-making in particular demand strict and normative categories in which to place people. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman discusses Victoria Schwartz's work on reconceiving privacy for the "reasonable woman".
https://www.privacyinternational.org/report/2457/report-oppression-liberation-reclaiming-right-privacy
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2015/06/the_reasonable_woman.html

Child "influencers" command substantial sums on social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Sapna Maheshwari investigates the world of child social media influencers. Advertisers like Walmart, Staples, and Mattel provide "kidfluencers" too young to have their own accounts on sites like YouTube and Instagram with endorsement deals. The two-year-old identical Fisher twins have more than 2 million Instagram followers and are paid $10,000 to $20,000 for each sponsored post. Rules that control children's TV advertising do not apply to the internet, and social media stars are not covered by laws passed to protect child actors. At Privacy News Online, Glyn Moody asks how much privacy children should have from their parents, considering examples such as GPS trackers, children-tracking apps, and headbands that read brain signals.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/01/business/media/social-media-influencers-kids.html
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2019/01/how-much-privacy-should-children-have-from-their-own-parents/

Reassessing the "tragedy of the commons"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow discusses new thinking about Garrett Hardin's 1968 "Tragedy of the Commons" paper, whose argument that the commons led to overuse by selfish actors is widely taught and used to justify the privatization of public goods. Political scientist Matto Mildenberger explains that in reality the commons were stable and well-managed until (typically rich) outsiders destabilized them. Hardin, Mildenberger argues, was a racist and eugenicist, and his paper was a piece of intellectual fraud.
https://boingboing.net/2019/03/07/scientific-fraud.html

EU: Internet platforms fail to meet agreed voluntary code of conduct
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Ars Technica, Sean Gallegher summarizes the European Commission's six-month review of the voluntary code of conduct major internet platforms and advertising trade organizations signed in October 2018 to reduce the threat of political and other disinformation. With EU-wide parliamentary elections looming in May, the EC complains that Facebook offers insufficient transparency, Google's metrics are not specific or clear enough, and Twitter failed to provide a report. The Commission threatened to introduce regulation if its next review of the code, due in October, shows insufficient progress.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/02/eu-officials-say-facebook-twitter-google-failing-in-fake-news-battle/

Trump administration's actions belie its anti-tech company rhetoric
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this op-ed at the New York Times, the Open Markets Institute's Matthew Buck and Sandeep Vaheesan argue that although US president Donald Trump and newly-confirmed Attorney General William Barr criticize the size and power of the US's biggest technology corporations, the Department of Justice Antitrust Division head, Makan Delrahim, consistently promotes their interests. Other than the AT&T-Time Warner merger, Delrahim has consistently favored legal interpretations that enhance the power of the dominant companies and is effectively revising antitrust law by filing amicus briefs supporting monopolists in court cases and interfering with municipal efforts to curb companies like Uber and Lyft. Ignore tweets, watch actions, they conclude.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/06/opinion/trump-antitrust-laws.html

US cities struggle with 1980s software infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg Businessweek, Romy Varghese exposes the aging software estate that runs America's cities. Many systems - even in San Francisco - date to the 1980s, frustrating both staff and citizens, but upgrade costs are out of reach for many jurisdictions. The move to the cloud makes it even harder to fund upgrades, because services must be paid out of operating funds where physical equipment could be funded by issuing municipal bonds.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-28/america-s-cities-are-running-on-software-from-the-80s


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Data Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
March 27, 2019
Washington, DC, US
This full-day event, convened by Access Now, will examine the contours of the data ecosystem in the United States and the need for a legislative response by bringing together privacy experts across different fields for an interactive dialogue to map the current data privacy debate, identify where consensus exists, and clarify existing questions where needed. The ultimate goal is to develop a comprehensive, rights-respecting data protection framework in the United States.
https://www.accessnow.org/data-privacy-summit/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: DataKind UK, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, EFF, The Engine Room, Epicenter.works, HRDAG, PIJIP, Privacy International, R3D, Wikimedia.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

German regulator prohibits Facebook from merging data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The German antitrust regulator, Budeskartellamt, has concluded a three-year investigation by requiring Facebook to cease forcing users to agree to the company's practice of pooling their data with data from third-party apps, including its subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram, Douglas Busvine reports for Reuters. Facebook will appeal the decision. At Politico, Laura Kayali studies internal European Commission emails and written accounts of private meetings from 2015 to 2018 to expose Facebook's strategy for opposing any form of EU regulation of its businesses.
https://in.mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idINKCN1PW0SW
https://www.politico.eu/article/inside-story-facebook-fight-against-european-regulation/

EU nears final agreement on copyright reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Council of Europe has adopted a common position on the reformed EU Copyright Directive that includes more extreme versions of the controversial Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter"), the MEP Julia Reda reports. France and Germany have reached a compromise over the opposition of Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovakia in which sites are only exempt if they are less than three years old, have an annual turnover of under Ä10 million, and have fewer than 5 million unique visitors per month. At press time, the trilogue stage was awaiting completion. EDRi reports that the final plenary vote in Parliament will take place in March or April, before the May elections. At Wikimedia, Dimitar Dimitrov and Allison Davenport explain why Wikimedia opposes the proposed reforms. At EFF, Cory Doctorow finds that everyone hates the new compromise.
https://juliareda.eu/2019/02/council-worst-article-13/
https://edri.org/copyright-franco-german-tandem-strikes-dangerous-deal-on-article-13/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/02/07/problems-remain-with-the-eus-copyright-reform/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/german-french-deal-rescue-eu-copyright-directive-everyone-hates-it-everyone

Apple blocks Google and Facebook internal apps for policy violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Apple temporarily blocked Google and Facebook from distributing internal iOS apps because they violated Apple's distribution policy, Tom Warren reports at The Verge. As part of its enterprise program, Apple allows companies to develop apps for internal use, but bars them from distributing those apps to consumers. At Recode, Kurt Wagner explains that Facebook abused the program to publish a "research" app that paid users as young as 13 to track their app history, private messages, and location data.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/31/18205795/apple-google-blocked-internal-ios-apps-developer-certificate
https://www.recode.net/2019/1/30/18203231/apple-banning-facebook-research-app

Bell Canada sought to ban VPNs in NAFTA negotiations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As part of the negotiations to reform the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Bell Canada urged the government to ban VPNs "used for the purpose of circumventing copyright", Michael Geist reports at his blog. In its submission to the negotiations, uncovered by The Wire Report, Bell also advocated adopting methods "such as the site-blocking regimes required in Europe".
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/01/bell-urged-canadian-government-to-ban-some-vpn-services-in-nafta-submission/

UK: Leeds tribunal rules Hermes couriers are employees
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a case expected to have widespread consequences for "gig economy" workers and supported by Britain's general trade union, GMB, an employment tribunal in Leeds has ruled that a group of 65 Hermes couriers are entitled to be treated as employees instead of independent contractors, Haroon Siddique reports at the Guardian. The ruling will entitle all 14,500 Hermes couriers in the UK to receive minimum wage and holiday pay, and to reclaim deductions taken from their wages on the basis that they were self-employed.
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jun/25/hermes-couriers-are-workers-not-self-employed-tribunal-rules

World Trade Organization launches ecommerce talks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ministers from 76 countries including the US, China, the EU, and Japan, have launched talks to negotiate a framework for ecommerce, valued in 2016 at $27.7 trillion globally, Reuters reports. In response, Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD) has published a resolution urging negotiators  not to interfere with digital rights. Among TACD's recommendations: ensure meaningful transparency and proactive engagement with all stakeholders, including citizens; focus on protections and rights for consumers; and do not use trade deals to tackle problems they're not suited for, such as cybersecurity, Internet of Things, AI, network neutrality, or data protection.
http://www.asianage.com/technology/in-other-news/270119/76-wto-members-pushing-for-new-e-commerce-rules.html
http://tacd.org/tacd-urges-wto-negotiators-not-to-interfere-with-digital-rights/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Singapore and South Africa enhance creators' rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Infojustice, Sean Flynn, the associate director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP), outlines the state of copyright law in Singapore, which recently released a report on copyright reform, and South Africa, where the first and most important house of the legislature has recently passed a copyright reform bill. Singapore proposes to eliminate one of the five factors for its fair use test and copy South Africa in focusing on the rights of individual creators. South Africa's bill answers creators' demands for exceptions to enable the right to create, shift the default ownership of new copyrights to the author rather than the commissioner, and provide protection against abuse and exploitation by collective management organizations.
http://infojustice.org/archives/40806

Human rights groups call on United Nations to sever Palantir partnership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter, human and digital rights organizations including EDRi, Derechos Digitales, DataKind UK, The Engine Room, R3D, Privacy International, and the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG), ask the United Nations World Food Program to reconsider its decision to partner with Palantir. At issue are Palantir's data practices, pricing model, and opacity, as well as the lack of transparency and accountability surrounding the procurement decision. At IRIN, Ben Parker explains what is known about the $45 million partnership.
https://responsibledata.io/2019/02/08/open-letter-to-wfp-re-palantir-agreement/
https://www.irinnews.org/news/2019/02/05/un-palantir-deal-data-mining-protection-concerns-wfp

US: Michael Bloomberg builds anti-Trump data operation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Atlantic, Edward-Isaac Dovere outlines the data-centric political operation to take down Donald Trump in the 2020 US presidential election that Michael Bloomberg is spending hundreds of millions of dollars to create. Bloomberg has yet to decide whether to run, but his "all the data" "tech stack" could nonetheless become the biggest and most powerful political organization in the US.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/01/bloomberg-building-data-organization-crush-trump/581710/

The age of surveillance capitalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from the 2019 Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, Harvard Business School professor Shoshana Zuboff discusses her new book, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, with Giovanni Buttarelli, Gary Davis, Andrea Renda, Paul Nemitz, and Julie E. Cohen. At The Baffler, Evgeny Morozov provides a long critique of Zuboff's book. Other significant session videos posted by CPDP present panels on the US CLOUD Act and electronic evidence, regulating AI, and blockchain and the General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKnkSm6EF1Y
https://thebaffler.com/latest/capitalisms-new-clothes-morozov
https://www.youtube.com/user/CPDPConferences/videos

China emphasizes AI for military and economic leadership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Center for a New American Security, Gregory C. Allen explores China's AI strategy and its implications for national security. Among his key points: China's leaders believe that leadership in AI is crucial for military and economic power, and is intent on reducing its dependence on foreign technology. The country also favors the development of new norms and sees increased military use as inevitable.
https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/understanding-chinas-ai-strategy

Zero-rating Facebook raises wireless data prices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes a study of 30 European countries, conducted by Epicenter.works, that finds that countries that allow Facebook to operate its "zero rating" program end up paying more for wireless data. The scheme encourages wireless carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services such as the open web, giving Facebook and other big incumbents control of an increasingly non-competitive market.
https://boingboing.net/2019/02/08/zuckergarchs.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFFís well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a ìjust and equal information societyî for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of ìshrinking spaceî varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 25, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, La Quadrature du Net, NOYB, Privacy International.

NEWS
=====

French data protection regulator fines Google €50 million
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In response to a complaint lodged by La Quadrature du Net and NOYB, the French data protection regulator, CNIL, has fined Google €50 million, the BBC reports. CNIL ruled that Google has not obtained clear consent and makes it hard for users to fully understand how the company processes their data. Meanwhile, NOYB has announced that it has filed ten strategic complaints with the Austrian data protection authority against Amazon, Apple, the German video streaming service DAZN, the video on demand service Flimmit, Netflix, SoundCloud, Spotify, and Google subsidiary YouTube over their non-compliance with the GDPR's subject access rights requirements.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46944696
https://noyb.eu/access_streaming/

EU: Copyright reform stalls at near-final stage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The planned January 21 meeting to conclude trilogue-stage negotiations over reforming the EU's 2001 Copyright Directive has been canceled, Cory Doctorow reports at BoingBoing. A pause of more than a few days will delay the legislation - including the widely-opposed Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter") - until after the May 2019 Parliamentary elections. At her website, MEP Julia Reda tracks the state of play. The CREATe copyright research project has a detailed timeline of the legislation.
https://boingboing.net/2019/01/19/axel-voss-hostage-freed.html/amp
https://juliareda.eu/eu-copyright-reform/
https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/#timeline

Venezuela: Government seeks sovereignty over cyberspace
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Leaks indicate that the Venezuelan government is about to introduce the Constitutional Law of Cyberspace of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the Constituent National Assembly (ANC), a legislative body organized by the Maduro government, and whose legitimacy is disputed, Access Now reports. The proposed bill would declare sovereignty over all use of cyberspace and require messaging services to censor content and legitimize tools, policies, rules, and preventive actions to "counteract hate" on the internet, while establishing discretionary control over "critical infrastructure".
https://www.accessnow.org/a-bill-in-venezuela-seeks-to-give-the-government-absolute-control-over-the-internet/

Amazon uses customer data to build advertising business
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Based on its database of customer transactions, Amazon is building an advertising business that is already worth $125 billion and is gaining ground on Facebook and Google, Karen Weise reports at the New York Times. Like other ad networks, Amazon tracks users across the web, serving ads on behalf of its ad-buying customers, but unlike others it knows exactly what its retail customers buy, where they live, and what credit cards they use.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/20/technology/amazon-ads-advertising.html

Zimbabwe: High Court orders restoration of internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Zimbabwe's High Court has ordered the government to restore unrestricted internet access in the country on the basis that only President Emmerson Mnangagwa has the authority to issue such a directive, not the security minister who ordered the closure, the Associated Press reports. The government ordered the shutdown last week during protests in the capital, Harare, against fuel price hikes; it restored partial access over the weekend, but social media sites such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter remained blocked.
https://www.actionnewsjax.com/news/world/the-latest-zimbabwe-court-rules-internet-shutdown-illegal/907708994

European Court of Justice rules right to be forgotten applies only in EU
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The advocate general of the European Court of Justice has issued a preliminary opinion that Europe's "right to be forgotten", which requires search engines to remove links to information about people under certain circumstances, should only be enforceable within the EU, Owen Bowcott reports for the Guardian. The ruling relates to a case in which the French data protection regulator, CNIL, fined Google €100,000 for failing to remove an individual's name from search results on all its domains worldwide. At the Guardian, Daniel Boffey reports that a Dutch surgeon has won a legal action to de-link a website containing an unofficial doctors' blacklist that her name appeared on after a disciplinary action against her, setting an important precedent.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/10/right-to-be-forgotten-by-google-should-apply-only-in-eu-says-court
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/dutch-surgeon-wins-landmark-right-to-be-forgotten-case-google


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Risks of metadata in the humanitarian sector
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report commissioned by the International Committee of the Red Cross, Privacy International aims to help people working in the humanitarian sector understand the risks raised by the metadata generated by smartphones, smartcards, mobile cash, messaging apps, and social media, as well as by their own fraud-monitoring systems.
https://privacyinternational.org/report/2509/humanitarian-metadata-problem-doing-no-harm-digital-era

Crimea: Russian annexation reroutes Internet infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip of her talk from the Chaos Computer Club's 35th Congress (35C3) held in December 2018, Xenia recounts her work at Citizen Lab studying the "soft substitutions" made to internet infrastructure in Crimea after its annexation by Russia in 2014. Over the course of a year, Crimea's Ukrainian ISPs were forced to become Russian businesses, and Crimea's routing was transitioned to new cabling and a more centralized infrastructure and monopolistic market, changing the quality, speed, price, and censorship applied to the service received by Crimean end users. Xenia also considers the role played by server-side geoblocking by online payment platforms, Google Play, Apple, and others. In other 35C3 talks, Frederike Kaltheuner and Christopher Weatherhead explain how Facebook tracks Android users whether or not they have Facebook accounts, and Antonia Hmaidi provides a technically-grounded discussion of the Chinese social credit system, which currently has more than 70 pilots, and its potential impact on society and the economy.
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9864-a_routing_interregnum_internet_infrastructure_transition_in_crimea_after_russian_annexation
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9941-how_facebook_tracks_you_on_android
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9904-the_social_credit_system

Anti-misinformation actions around the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page at the Poynter Institute, Daniel Funke provides weekly updates on the state of actions - both legal and otherwise - against misinformation around the world. The most recent updates include new entries for Cameroon, where the law against reporting news without being able to prove it's true has seen journalists imprisoned; Kazakhstan, where two criminal investigations are in progress; Rwanda, where a blogger has been arrested for questioning the state's narrative on the 1994 genocide; and Sri Lanka, where mobile phone networks and social media platforms have been shut down to slow the spread of violence-provoking misinformation.  The list does not include corporate actions; at the Guardian, Alex Hern reports that WhatsApp is expanding its block on forwarding messages to more than five individuals or groups from India, intended to fight the spread of misinformation, to the rest of the world.
https://www.poynter.org/fact-checking/2019/a-guide-to-anti-misinformation-actions-around-the-world
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/whatsapp-limits-message-forwarding-fight-fake-news

Bahrain, Egypt, Vietnam: Cybercrime laws provide excuse for online rights violation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Open Global Rights, Wafa Ben-Hassine and Dima Samaro look at the oppressive laws in Bahrain and Egypt that are translating offline restrictions on freedom of expression and street protests into online measures, often via laws purporting to stop cybercrime. Article 7 of Egypt's 2018 Cybercrime Law legalizes blocking websites, and it and similar laws facilitate and legalize mass surveillance by both domestic and foreign governments. Reuters reports that the Vietnamese government has accused Facebook of operating illegally under the country's new cybersecurity law, which came into force on January 1, 2019.
https://www.openglobalrights.org/restricting-cybersecurity-violating-human-rights/?lang=English
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-facebook/vietnam-says-facebook-violated-controversial-cybersecurity-law-idUSKCN1P30AJ

France: Facebook fuels "gilet jaunes" protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Monday Note, Frederic Filloux discusses Facebook's contribution to the French "gilets jaunes" protests. In numerous street interviews, Filloux found that nearly everyone he spoke to said they relied on Facebook for real-time updates on the protests. Filloux concludes that banning Facebook now would only make things worse.
https://mondaynote.com/how-facebook-is-fueling-the-french-populist-rage-27a86acb9d85

China turns domestic censorship onto the rest of the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Technology Review, James Griffiths cites work at Citizen Lab in outlining the methods China is using to turn its internal censorship onto the rest of the world. Among them are DDoS attacks, phishing attacks, and malware deployed for purposes of both spying and sabotage turned against targets such as Github, the Marriott hotel chain, and the Tibetan exile community, as well as attacks on services used to avoid sending attachments, such as Google Drive. The Guardian has a comparison of life online under censorship in China, India, Cuba, and Russia. At the New York Times, Paul Mozur reports that China is cracking down on social media use even though WhatsApp, Google, Facebook, and Twitter are all blocked in the country.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612638/when-chinese-hackers-declared-war-on-the-rest-of-us/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ng-interactive/2019/jan/11/the-internet-but-not-as-we-know-it-life-online-in-china-russia-cuba-and-india
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/10/business/china-twitter-censorship-online.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
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January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
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January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 January 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, IREX, La Quadrature du Net.

NEWS
=====

Australia seeks to curb power of Google and Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has recommended creating a new regulatory authority with the power to command Google and Facebook to disclose how they adapt their algorithms to rank and display content, report Anne Davies and Amanda Meade at the Guardian. The ACCC did not call for breaking up the two companies, but did suggest tax incentives to encourage media companies that engage in public interest journalism.
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2018/dec/10/facebook-and-google-face-crackdown-on-market-power-in-australia-accc

Amazon consolidates government influence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Amazon executive Anne Rung privately advised the US government on the approach it should take to create a new internet portal that will give the company a dominant role in US government procurement, Stephanie Kirchgaesser reports at the Guardian. Despite US president Donald Trump's frequently hostile tweets at Amazon founding CEO Jeff Bezos, the company has amassed considerable power within the government.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/26/amazon-anne-rung-government-services-authority

European Parliament proposes censorship hand-off to Facebook and Google
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Parliament is citing security and stopping terrorism as the reason its calling for Facebook and Google to automate content detection and removal, reports La Quadrature du Net, which along with 58 other organizations has denounced the proposal. At EDRi, Yannic Blaschke reports that United Nations Special Rapporteurs David Kaye, Joseph Cannataci, and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin have raised serious human rights concerns about the scheme. At the New York Times, Max Fisher's study of leaked Facebook moderation rules finds self-interest, biases, and outright errors. Meanwhile, the Guardian finds that, contrary to popular belief, Facebook's Instagram was even more effective for Russian election interference than other social media sites.
https://www.laquadrature.net/en/2018/12/12/european-parliament-calls-for-automated-and-private-censorship-of-the-web-for-security-purposes/
https://edri.org/terrorist-content-regulation-warnings-from-the-un-and-the-coe/
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/27/world/facebook-moderators.html
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/18/instagram-facebook-russian-propaganda-ira

YouTube remains a key vector for conspiracy theories
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Conspiracy theories, false claims, and hate continue to circulate on Google's YouTube more than a year after the company promised to curb "problematic" videos, the Washington Post reports. Users on social media sites popular among hate groups such as 4chan and Gab.ai link to YouTube more than any other site. At Buzzfeed, Charlie Warzel complains that 2018's many Congressional hearings summoning Silicon Valley executives asked poorly-informed questions and made little progress.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/technology/hateful-conspiracies-thrive-on-youtube-despite-pledge-to-clean-up-problematic-videos/2018/12/10/625730a8-f3f8-11e8-9240-e8028a62c722_story.html
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/charliewarzel/google-congress-testimony-worthless

Cyber attack cripples US newspapers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A late December malware infection caused major disruption to printing and distribution of numerous US newspapers that share a production platform, including the LA Times and the Wall Street Journal, Reuters reports. The attack is thought to have come from outside the US.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-latimes/cyber-attack-hits-u-s-newspaper-distribution-idUSKCN1OT01O

Sudan blocks social media to end protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In December Sudan shut down social media access via mobile networks in an attempt to quiet protests against rising inflation, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. NetBlocks estimates the cost of the shutdown to the Sudanese economy at $7.5 million per day.
https://qz.com/africa/1510229/sudan-shuts-down-facebook-twitter-instagram-amid-bread-protests/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Opening the commons
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist considers Garrett Hardin's "Tragedy of the Commons" and the economic analyses it inspired and concludes that when it comes to intellectual property we are underestimating the power of the commons and the economic value of openness. At Public Domain Review, Adam Green picks the highlights of new works passing into the public domain in 2019 around the world, and celebrates new works entering the public domain in the US for the first time in 20 years (following a hiatus caused by 1998's copyright term extension).
https://www.economist.com/open-future/2018/12/12/the-fight-to-keep-ideas-open-to-all
https://publicdomainreview.org/collections/class-of-2019/

New strategies for progressive funders
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting for Non-Profit AF, Vu Le argues that progressive funders in the US must learn from the strategies used by their conservative counterparts, who have consolidated their influence to shape the media and all three branches of the US government. Left-wing funders, he says, have generally thought too narrowly, failed to trust their grantees, lack diversity, and avoid engagement in policy and politics.
http://nonprofitaf.com/2018/12/10-things-progressive-funders-must-learn-from-conservative-ones-or-we-are-all-screwed/

Technology companies and antitrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video from the Internet Society, Tim Wu, author of The Curse of Bigness, argues that the US has allowed an oligopolistic concentration of power in the large technology companies. In debate, Rob Atkinson, author of Big Is Beautiful, argues that we need big US companies' innovation if we don't want to be dominated by Chinese companies, and outgoing FTC commissioner Terrell McSweeney rebuts that relying on these companies as the only way forward is a mistake and opening data is a key preventive. On his long-form podcast, Joe Rogan gets Lawrence Lessig talking about antitrust and the corrupting influence of money in US politics,
https://livestream.com/internetsociety/12days03/videos/185190103
http://podcasts.joerogan.net/podcasts/lawrence-lessig

The internet of fakes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at New York Magazine, Max Read surveys the internet and finds that a startling amount of it is fake: web traffic metrics, accounts, businesses, content, politics, and ultimately ourselves, too. At the Jakarta Post, Frédéric Garlan profiles a start-up's restricted-access tool for searching the dark web.
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2018/12/how-much-of-the-internet-is-fake.html
https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2018/12/30/french-start-up-offers-dark-web-compass-but-not-for-everyone.html

Data-driven border security changes the nature of citizenship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Boston Review, Matthew Longo argues that the new data-driven paradigm for border security is ending citizenship as we know it. The shift to maximal checks for all comers requires a high degree of trust in data sharing and means perceived risk matters more than citizenship. At the EDRi blog, Yannic Blaschke argues that digital rights are a security issue and encroachments provide a vector for attacks.
https://bostonreview.net/law-justice/matthew-longo-surrendering-citizenship-border
https://edri.org/digital-rights-as-a-security-objective-new-gateways-for-attacks/

Ukraine: media literacy training proves effective
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Slate, Lisa Guernsey asks whether Learn to Discern, a media literacy program that appears to be working well in the Ukraine, could prove effective in the US. The program, which ran in 2016-2017, attracted 15,000 working adults to half-day sessions led by 450 recruited trainees, who were given discretion in choosing their material. In a limited 2018 follow-up study, the program's creator, IREX, a nonprofit education organization with international reach, found that Learn to Discern participants performed better than their peers at understanding the source of news and detecting disinformation, and were more likely to cross-check sources.
https://slate.com/technology/2018/05/can-a-media-literacy-program-that-is-working-in-ukraine-also-help-the-u-s.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ShmooCon 2019
----------------------------------------
January 18-20, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
ShmooCon is an annual east coast hacker convention hell-bent on offering three days of an interesting atmosphere for demonstrating technology exploitation, inventive software and hardware solutions, and open discussions of critical infosecurity issues. The first day is a single track of speed talks called One Track Mind. The next two days bring three tracks: Build It, Belay It, and Bring It On.
https://www.shmoocon.org/

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 December 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Amnesty International, EFF, mySociety, PIJIP, ReCreate

NEWS
=====

US authorities arrest Huawei CFO for trading with Iran
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the request of US authorities, Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou was arrested at Vancouver airport on December 1, the Vancouver Star reports. Based on allegations made by the Eastern District of New York and Reuters' examination of corporate records, Meng is accused of lying about the links between Huawei and Skycom, a company whose purpose is to do business with Iran in contravention of the sanctions the US has imposed since 1979. The case is part of an expanding atmosphere of distrust of Huawei; the Guardian reports that governments in the US, New Zealand, and Australia have already blocked the use of the company's equipment for their 5G networks, and on the advice of MI6 British Telecom is removing Huawei equipment from key areas of its 4G network.
https://www.thestar.com/vancouver/2018/12/07/what-to-expect-at-wanzhou-mengs-bail-hearing.html
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-huawei-skycom/exclusive-huawei-cfo-linked-to-firm-that-offered-hp-gear-to-iran-idUSBRE90U0CC20130131
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/05/bt-removing-huawei-equipment-from-parts-of-4g-network

Parliamentarians question Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On November 27, an unprecedented international committee comprising representatives of the UK, France, Latvia, Argentina, Canada, Ireland, Belgium, Brazil, and Singapore question House of Lords member Richard Allan, Facebook's vice-president of policy solutions, and former Federal Trade Commission technical expert Ashkan Soltani, about Facebook's dissemination of disinformation and fake news. The conflicting testimonies offer the clearest inside look to date at Facebook's operation. At the Guardian, Sam Levin reports on the cache of documents Parliament obtained from a plaintiff in a California lawsuit, used to inform its questions. These show that Facebook sought to shut down rising competitors, minimize bad publicity when it was caught collecting phone data, avoid the Android permissions system in order to access users' phone logs, and give special data access to selected companies such as Airbnb, Lyft, and Netflix.
https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/news/grand-committee-evidence-17-19/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/05/facebook-documents-uk-parliament-key-facts

Australia passes anti-encryption legislation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Australian parliament has approved an anti-encryption bill that would grant the government greater powers to compel technology companies to hack people's computers and mobile phones and insert malware and backdoors in order to aid investigations involving serious crime, Zack Whittaker reports at TechCrunch. Despite more than 15,000 submissions to the public consultation, most of them objections, and criticisms from the technology and security communities, both main parties voted for the bill. The bill is part of the Five Eyes - US, UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand - pact to push for greater access to encrypted data.  At EFF, Danny O'Brien puts Australia's move into context with the UK's 2018 Investigatory Powers Act and GCHQ's recent announcement that it wants companies to create deceitful user interfaces that hide devices and recipients to whom messages are copied. In a blog posting, cryptographer Steven Murdoch explains the technical methods GCHQ can use to implement this. At the Observer, Jamie Doward reports that GCHQ intends to significantly increase its use of large-scale "equipment interference" (hacking), a power granted to it under the IPA.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/12/05/australia-rushes-its-dangerous-anti-encryption-bill-into-parliament/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/new-fight-online-privacy-and-security-australia-falls-what-happens-next
https://www.benthamsgaze.org/2018/12/06/new-threat-models-in-the-face-of-british-intelligence-and-the-five-eyes-new-end-to-end-encryption-interception-strategy/
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/dec/08/gchq-bulk-hacking-hacking-human-rights-privacy-alarm

South Africa: National Assembly passes fair use copyright exception
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The South African National Assembly has passed the Copyright Amendment bill, which is the first update to South African copyright legislation since 1978, reports the ReCreate coalition of creators and artists. In addition to providing protection for performers, authors, and creators, the bill provides exceptions for fair use, educational and academic activities, and protection for computer programs, libraries, archives, museums, and galleries. The bill now must pass the National Council of Provinces and return to the National Assembly to scrutinize any changes before being passed to the president for signature into law. The Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP) has said the bill's fair use provisions should be a model for the rest of the world.
http://www.polity.org.za/article/dti-the-national-assembly-passed-the-copyright-amendment-bill-the-performers-protection-amendment-bill-and-the-gambling-amendment-bill-2018-12-06
http://infojustice.org/archives/40184

US: Travelers face enhanced and increasingly invasive scrutiny
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Homeland Security plans to use automated facial recognition of travelers to determine who is or is not allowed to travel, writes travel privacy expert Edward Hasbrouck at the Papers, Please blog. Hasbrouck critiques the claims of the DHS in its Privacy Impact Assessment that privacy and human rights risks will be mitigated. At EFF, India McKinney examines the Transportation Security Administration's biometrics roadmap, which will work with Customs and Border Protection to increase collection and screening for all travelers, including Americans traveling domestically, and use the data for other purposes and in other contexts (for example, admission to sports events).
https://papersplease.org/wp/2018/12/03/smile-travelers-youre-on-candid-dhs-cameras/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/tsas-roadmap-airport-surveillance-moves-dangerous-direction

China: Government demands location reporting for electric vehicles
----------------------------------------------------------------------
China has called on all manufacturers of electric vehicles to constantly report their location to government-backed monitoring centers, the Associated Press reports. Chinese officials say the information, which is typically sent without the car owners' knowledge, is used to improve public safety, facilitate industrial development and infrastructure planning, and to prevent benefit fraud. Critics believe the information is more detailed than is necessary for those purposes, and could be used to exacerbate surveillance, and to undermine foreign car manufacturers' ability to compete.
https://www.apnews.com/4a749a4211904784826b45e812cff4ca


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Africa: Parliaments, the people, and digital engagement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, mySociety, with the support of PMG (South Africa), EnoughIsEnough (Nigeria), and Africa FOI Centre (Uganda), and assistance from numerous others, studies the use of digital tools for parliamentary openness and engagement in sub-Saharan Africa. The report finds that among the factors that determine success with such tools are conducting thorough in-country scoping exercises in advance; integrating with in-country partners and social media; ensuring ongoing, stable funding; and accepting solutions that may not be replicable elsewhere.
https://research.mysociety.org/sites/parliament-and-the-people/#start

Google's secret Chinese Dragonfly project
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Intercept, Ryan Gallagher finds that in developing the Dragonfly censored search engine, Google top executive for China and Korea Scott Beaumont kept the project deliberately secret from anyone within the company who was not actively working on it, including the privacy and security teams and even, to some extent,  co-founders Larry Page and  Sergey Brin, CEO Sundar Pichai, and legal head Kent Walker. On November 27, a handful of Googlers posted an open letter on Medium joining Amnesty International in calling on the company to cancel the project; by November 30 more than 600 of the company's engineers had signed it.
https://theintercept.com/2018/11/29/google-china-censored-search/
https://medium.com/@googlersagainstdragonfly/we-are-google-employees-google-must-drop-dragonfly-4c8a30c5e5eb

How China walled off the internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Raymond Zhong explains how China created its walled-off, heavily censored version of the internet despite the early 1990s belief that such a thing was impossible. As long as they don't undermine the state, Chinese companies are freer than their American counterparts to experiment, exploit data, and transform daily life. The government retains control by holding stakes in companies and influencing management, and companies protect themselves by making themselves useful to the state.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/11/18/world/asia/china-internet.html

Dude, you broke the future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this transcription and video of his keynote speech from the 2017 Chaos Computer Congress, science fiction author Charles Stross draws on the history of corporations as "very old, very slow AIs" to understand both our present political troubles and how our institutions have been shaped and distorted. Stross posits four dangerous technologies that need to be regulated: weaponization for political purposes of deep learning tools developed for the benefit of web advertisers; neural network-generated false video media; addiction maximizers; and geolocation-aware flash mob apps.
http://www.antipope.org/charlie/blog-static/2018/01/dude-you-broke-the-future.html

UCL research group warns of technology-facilitated abuse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, UCL researcher Simon Parkin offers a summary of a cryptoparty held by the Gender and IoT research team to highlight the use of smartphones, apps, and social media as tools for stalking, harassment, and domestic abuse. Led by Leonie Tanczer, the group has been working to upskill frontline workers and support organizations in digital security. In its most recent report, the group warns of the importance of incorporating awareness of technology-facilitated abuse into support services, risk assessments, and safety plans.
https://www.benthamsgaze.org/2018/12/04/ucl-runs-a-digital-security-training-event-aimed-at-domestic-abuse-support-services/
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/steapp/research/projects/digital-policy-lab/dpl-projects/gender-and-iot/giot-report

Crypto's nouveau riche at sea
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Laurie Penny describes her four days on the 2018 CoinsBank Blockchain Cruise with "an ideological soup of starry-eyed techno-utopians and sketchy-ass crypto-grifters". Lacking sufficient female sign-ups, the cruise company has paid attractive women to act as "hostesses", but, Penny writes, no one is having much fun. No amount of coercion can solve a math problem, one attendee tells her, but equally, she muses, no amount of mathematical logic can get rid of human cruelty.
https://breakermag.com/trapped-at-sea-with-cryptos-nouveau-riche/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

35th Chaos Computer Congress
----------------------------------------
December 27-30, 2018
Leipzig, Germany
The Chaos Communication Congress is the Chaos Computer Club's (CCC) annual symposium and hacker party. During four days between Christmas and New Years Eve, thousands of hackers, technology freaks, artists, and utopians get together in Leipzig to communicate, learn from each other, and party together. The congress focuses on topics such as information technology, digital security, making, and breaking, and engages in creative, skeptical discourse on the interaction between technology and society.
https://events.ccc.de/2018/09/11/35c3-call-for-participation-and-submission-guidelines/

ShmooCon 2019
----------------------------------------
January 18-20, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
ShmooCon is an annual east coast hacker convention hell-bent on offering three days of an interesting atmosphere for demonstrating technology exploitation, inventive software and hardware solutions, and open discussions of critical infosecurity issues. The first day is a single track of speed talks called One Track Mind. The next two days bring three tracks: Build It, Belay It, and Bring It On.
https://www.shmoocon.org/

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 November 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi; Privacy International.

JOB POSTING
=====

EDRi seeks senior policy adviser
----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a talented and dedicated Senior Policy Adviser to join EDRi's team in Brussels. This is a unique opportunity to be part of a growing and well-respected NGO that is making a real difference in the defense and promotion of online rights and freedoms in Europe and beyond. The deadline to apply for this full-time, permanent position is 2 December 2018.
https://edri.org/job-alert-edri-is-looking-for-a-senior-policy-advisor/


NEWS
=====

US: Under fire, Facebook hired opposition research firm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
When Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and COO Sheryl Sandberg were confronted with evidence of Russian activity intended to disrupt the 2016 US presidential election, they passed on the responsibility and the blame to subordinates such as security chief Alex Stamos, the New York Times reports. Stamos reports that Facebook hired Defenders, a Republican opposition research firm that specializes in applying political campaign techniques to corporate PR, to attack and discredit activist protesters, in part by linking them to George Soros. Open Society Foundations president Patrick Gaspard has responded, calling out Facebook for not only failing to monitor hate and misinformation, but for actively promoting it. Separately, the BBC reports that false information circulating on Facebook is leading to killings in Nigeria's already-inflamed Plateau State.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/14/technology/facebook-data-russia-election-racism.html
https://twitter.com/patrickgaspard/status/1062886458527309824/photo/1
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/nigeria_fake_news

EU: Journalists are under threat in western democracies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Journalists are under threat in many places they were formerly thought to be safe, finds a new report from Index on Censorship. Across the EU, journalists are being intimidated, harassed, assaulted, jailed, or killed, while political figures threaten and humiliate them, and governments spy on them. Italy had the most verified physical assaults, with 83.
https://mappingmediafreedom.org/index.php/demonising-media-threats-journalists-europe/

India: WhatsApp struggles to control fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Research from the BBC World Service links Hindu nationalism and the falling cost of mobile services to a series of murders and growing anti-Muslim sentiment it says is fueled by messages shared on WhatsApp. Jim Waterson reports at the Guardian that WhatsApp poses two particular problems: information received from friends seems inherently more trustworthy, and encryption makes messages difficult to track. At the New York Times, Cristina Tardáguila, Fabrício Benevenuto, and Pablo Ortellado, based on their own research, find that WhatsApp is poisoning Brazilian politics.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/12/whatsapp-struggling-control-fake-news-india-bbc-study-hindu-nationalism-cheap-mobile-data
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/17/opinion/brazil-election-fake-news-whatsapp.html

Venezuela: Chinese telco ZTE helps build citizen monitoring system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE is helping Venezuela roll out a "fatherland" smart ID card, which the government is increasingly linking to health and other social programs most Venezuelans rely on, Angus Berwick reports for Reuters. ZTE's role is to build the centralized database that will hold comprehensive data collected on citizens via the fatherland card and create a linked mobile payment system. U.S. Senator Marco Rubio suggests that through the project China is "exporting its authoritarianism".
https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/venezuela-zte/

Losing bidders reveal their bids to land Amazon's second U.S. headquarters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Following Amazon's announcement that it would divide its second headquarters between New York City and Washington, DC and build a distribution hub in Nashville, losing bidders began disclosing the incentives they offered the company. Among the offers, Julia Carrie Wong reports at the Guardian, were $4.6 billion in financial assistance (Philadelphia), an exclusive airport lounge (Atlanta), and a downtown corporate hangar (Dallas).
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/14/amazon-next-headquarters-losing-city-bids-what-offered

Kenya: M-Pesa mobile money expands globally
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A deal with Western Union will enable M-Pesa subscribers in ten nations across Africa, Europe, and Asia to transfer funds to and from bank accounts across the world, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. The service, which Safaricom set up in 2007 to allow Kenyans to send each other small amounts of money via mobile phone text messages, has vastly expanded financial inclusion.
https://qz.com/africa/1453797/western-union-in-mobile-money-deal-with-safaricoms-mpesa/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

French president Emmanuel Macron issues Paris Call for Trust and Stability of Cyberspace
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now explains why despite reservations it is endorsing the multi-stakeholder Paris Call for Trust and Stability of Cyberspace, which was launched by French president Emmanuel Macron at the Internet Governance Forum. Among Access Now's concerns: how cooperation in solving crimes and law enforcement protocols will be defined, and the failure to address government hacking. Access Now also notes that in conflict with the Paris Call, nine EU member states - Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Sweden, and the UK - are attempting to block proposals to curb the export of surveillance technologies to abusive regimes, citing work by Privacy International that shows the extent of these exports.
https://www.accessnow.org/access-now-to-join-the-paris-call-for-trust-and-stability-in-cyberspace/
https://www.accessnow.org/eu-states-push-to-relax-rules-on-exporting-surveillance-technology-to-human-rights-abusers/

Scientists oppose Australian anti-transparency security legislation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter to the Australian Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security, an international group of security experts critiques the pending Telecommunications Assistance and Access Bill 2018, which includes secrecy provisions that "could thwart efforts to implement new technical transparency systems necessary to the ongoing security of the Internet".
https://internetpolicy.mit.edu/pjcis-2018/l

Deepfakes researchers study detection and authentication
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article at the New Yorker, Joshua Rothman studies advances in digital imagery such as deepfakes and synthetic images, as well as improvements in authentication. At the Guardian, Oscar Schwartz discusses a Belgian case in which a faked video of US president Donald Trump caused outrage and discusses detection efforts. At Nieman Labs, the Wall Street Journal's Francesco Marconi outlines the paper's project to train reporters to identify images that have been altered using AI, complete with worked examples.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/11/12/in-the-age-of-ai-is-seeing-still-believing
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/12/deep-fakes-fake-news-truth
http://www.niemanlab.org/2018/11/how-the-wall-street-journal-is-preparing-its-journalists-to-detect-deepfakes/

Why doctors hate their computers - but patients benefit
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New Yorker, Atul Gawande, himself a physician, studies doctors' increasing loathing of their computers, which have greatly enlarged their administrative burden, are increasing burnout, and make them feel powerless. For patients, however, the systems are beginning to improve outcomes by giving them better information and enabling physicians to identify those who need more help.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/11/12/why-doctors-hate-their-computers

China: Social Credit system is less Orwellian than we think - for now
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Foreign Policy, Jamie Horsley dispels myths about China's Social Credit Score, which is less Orwellian than critics claim. While China is intensively collecting information on its citizens and Social Credit raises many serious concerns, the country is not yet assigning a single score that determines all aspects of every citizen's life. The essence of the system, Horsley writes, is legal compliance: meeting contractual commitments and social and economic obligations.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/16/chinas-orwellian-social-credit-score-isnt-real/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Digital Society Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
December 10-11, 2018
Berlin, Germany
The Digital Society Conference 2018 - Empowering ecosystems will cover new developments in security and privacy, digital politics, and industrial strategies. A particular focus will be the reality of the rise of AI - its societal implications, how to understand and harness the battle for AI dominance. The conference will also take a closer look at platforms - their role, their power, how to build them and how and when to control them.
https://www.esmt.org/faculty-research/centers-chairs-and-institutes/digital-society-institute-dsi/dsi-events/digital-society-conference-2018-empowering-ecosystems

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 November 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab; Tactical Tech.


NEWS
=====

Googlers stage worldwide walkout to demand structural change
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On November 2 at 11:10 AM an estimated 20,000 employees at nearly two-thirds of Google's offices walked out in protest against abuse of power, systemic racism and sexism, and unaccountable decision-making within the company, Richard Lawler reports at Endgadget. Among the protesters' demands: an end to forced arbitration in harassment cases and a commitment to end pay inequity. In an essay at The Cut, the organizers cite as the final straw a recent New York Times article in which Daisuke Wakabayashi and Katie Benner reported that the company paid Android creator Andy Rubin a $90 million severance package while keeping secret accusations against him of sexual misconduct.
https://www.engadget.com/2018/11/03/google-walkout-for-real-change/
https://www.thecut.com/2018/11/google-walkout-organizers-explain-demands.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/25/technology/google-sexual-harassment-andy-rubin.html

US: Government outsources immigration enforcement to Silicon Valley
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Amazon, Palantir, and Thomson Reuters play important roles in storing, transferring, and analyzing data on both undocumented residents and citizens on behalf of the US government, Sean Captain finds at Fast Company. A new report from the immigrant advocacy group Mijente documents the government's shift of discretion and power via contracts with these companies, especially Amazon Web Services. Mijente is concerned that implementing safeguards will become increasingly difficult as the companies obstruct accountability by claiming trade secrets and citing the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. At the Daily Beast, Jake Laperruque and Andrea Peterson report that Amazon is also pitching its real-time facial recognition technology to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90255355/the-surveillance-state-is-outsourced-to-silicon-valley-says-report
https://mijente.net/notechforice/
https://www.thedailybeast.com/amazon-pushes-ice-to-buy-its-face-recognition-surveillance-tech

EU: Researchers target Elsevier in complaint to Competition Authority
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On behalf of a group of researchers who produce and publish scholarly articles, Jonathan Tennant (UK) and Björn Brembs (Germany) have filed a complaint with the EU Competition Authority regarding RELX/Elsevier and the wider scholarly publishing market, Gary Price reports for Library Journal. The researchers accuse Elsevier and its parent, the RELX Group, of abusing a dominant position within the scholarly publishing market, and argue that the market itself actively prohibits competition.
https://www.infodocket.com/2018/10/30/full-text-complaint-filed-with-eu-competition-authority-regarding-relx-and-the-wider-scholarly-publishing-market/

China exports digital surveillance to African governments
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Using a mix of official training, technological infrastructure provision, and demands that international companies adopt Chinese content regulations, China is exporting its digital surveillance methods to African governments, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz Africa. The article is based on a new study from the US-based think tank Freedom House, which finds that as internet freedom continues to decline globally, China remains its worst abuser, a problem that is becoming more urgent as the country deploys fiber optic networks across the developing world, and its largest technology companies expand internationally.
https://qz.com/africa/1447015/china-is-helping-african-countries-control-the-internet/
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/freedom-net-2018/rise-digital-authoritarianism

Apple CEO Tim Cook blasts the "data industrial complex"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Tony Romm summarizes Apple CEO Tim Cook's keynote speech at the 40th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners and posts a full transcript. Cook denounced the privacy-abusive business model of Silicon Valley technology companies and the resulting "data industrial complex" and called for the US to implement a comprehensive federal privacy law similar to the EU's General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/24/apples-tim-cook-warns-silicon-valley-it-would-be-destructive-to-block-strong-privacy-laws.html

EU: Border trials "smart lie-detection system"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A "deception detection system" that claims to analyze the facial micro-expressions of immigrants seeking to enter the EU will be trialed at the border in Hungary, Greece, and Latvia, Daniel Boffey reports at the Guardian. The "lie detector" uses a personalized computer animation of a border guard to ask questions via a webcam. Academic critics have called the system "pseudoscience"; proponents say the lie detector is just one element of a series of risk analysis tools. Similar systems are being built in the US for law enforcement and border controls at the US-Mexico border. In Spain, Olivia Goldhill reports at Quartz, an AI tool claimed to be remarkably accurate at detecting written falsehoods is being rolled out to police stations.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/02/eu-border-lie-detection-system-criticised-as-pseudoscience
https://qz.com/1441034/using-artificial-intelligence-to-detect-written-lies/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Spyware's role in Jamal Khashoggi's murder
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from CNN, Citizen Lab senior research fellow Bill Marczak and Saudi dissident Omar Abdulaziz discuss the role NSO Group's Pegasus spyware, which the company sells to governments and which was found on Abdulaziz's phone, played in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. The spyware allows comprehensive surveillance of the target; Abdulaziz, who was a friend of Khashoggi's, was being monitored by this means. In light of this discovery, Citizen Lab has sent an open letter to Francisco Partners, believed to have a majority stake in NSO Group, asking the company to remedy failures of oversight and act to ensure that illegitimate uses of the software cease. The New York Times finds that the Saudi activities of consultancy firms like Booz Allen, McKinsey, and Boston Consulting Group are contributing to famine in Yemen and the crackdown on dissidents.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/10/the-nso-connection-to-jamal-khashoggi/
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/11/open-letter-to-francisco-partners-continued-misuse-of-nso-groups-pegasus-technology/
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/04/world/middleeast/mckinsey-bcg-booz-allen-saudi-khashoggi.html

"Fauxtomation" undervalues humans by crediting AI for their work
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Logic, Astra Taylor, author of The People's Platform: Taking Back Power and Culture in the Digital Age, discusses "fauxtomation", the reality that a lot of what passes for AI relies on large amounts of low-paid human labor. Taylor regards automation as an ideology and a weapon against poor and working people, and argues that those hyping technology's capabilities are implanting the notion that we are disposable and ensuring that as much work as possible goes uncompensated. In a video clip from AI Now's recent symposium, Taylor presents further detail. At the BBC, Dave Lee finds that people in Kibera, Africa's largest slum, are paid to create training data for self-driving cars on behalf of the San Francisco-based company Samasource.
https://logicmag.io/05-the-automation-charade/
https://ainowinstitute.org/symposia/2018-symposium.html
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46055595

Rethinking mobility from horseless carriages to self-driving cars
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from their "A Secret History of the Future" series, The Economist's Tom Standage and Slate's Seth Stevenson ask what the early 20th century arrival of horseless carriages can teach us about navigating a future of autonomous vehicles. We will need to figure out what roads, transport, and cities will look like and who is responsible when things go wrong - and we have the chance to rethink the damaging choices we made then.
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/secret_history_of_the_future/2018/09/from_horseless_carriages_to_autonomous_cars.html

Brazil: Personal data fuels electoral campaign advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Tactical Tech studies the use of public and private data in the recent elections in Brazil, where until recently there has been little in the way of data protection legislation. Although Brazil's Federal Supreme Court declared in 2015 that corporate donations to electoral campaigns are unconstitutional, other changes in the law allow political parties, candidates, and party coalitions to advertise on all types of social media via sponsored ads, and personal voter data enables segmentation, targeting, and carefully directed propaganda. At Buzzfeed, Ryan Broderick reports that in the mid-October run-up to the general election, Folha, the country's biggest newspaper, uncovered the fact that local marketing companies were using purchased batches of phone numbers to mass-message voters anti-leftist propaganda on WhatsApp. It's unclear how Facebook can ban this practice without breaking the service's encryption.
https://ourdataourselves.tacticaltech.org/posts/overview-brazil/
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanhatesthis/facebook-announced-its-new-election-war-room-on-the-same

A proposal for new child labor laws for the digital age
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Jordan Shapiro argues that we should pay children through taxes, dividends, or royalties to play video games and use social media in order to teach them the economic value of the work they do in extending, modifying, and adding content. Their labor becomes fuel for the artificial intelligence economic boom, which does not profit them. Without their contributions, the companies have no product.
https://medium.com/s/powertrip/we-need-new-child-labor-laws-for-the-digital-age-53606d873aad


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2018
Sacramento, CA, USA
The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2018

Digital Society Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
December 10-11, 2018
Berlin, Germany
The Digital Society Conference 2018 - Empowering ecosystems will cover new developments in security and privacy, digital politics, and industrial strategies. A particular focus will be the reality of the rise of AI - its societal implications, how to understand and harness the battle for AI dominance. The conference will also take a closer look at platforms - their role, their power, how to build them and how and when to control them.
https://www.esmt.org/faculty-research/centers-chairs-and-institutes/digital-society-institute-dsi/dsi-events/digital-society-conference-2018-empowering-ecosystems

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
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May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
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May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
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June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

LIBER 2019
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June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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