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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 July 2017
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The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, ProPublica.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU fines Google €2.42 billion for breaching antitrust rules
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The EU has announced that it is fining Google a record-breaking €2.42 billion for violating competition law by biasing its search results in favor of its own services. At Politico, Nicholas Hirst recounts competition commissioner Margarethe Vestager's work deciding the case and garnering support for her decision. Google is expect to appeal to the EU General Court in Luxembourg. At Freedom to Tinker, Princeton University professor Ed Felten, who was at the FTC when it decided not to prosecute a similar case in 2011-2012, compares the EU and FTC decisions. In the UK, the Guardian's John Naughton reports that the Information Commissioner's Office has issued a finding that the Royal Free Hospital Hospital violated the law in sharing 1.6 million patient records with Google's DeepMind subsidiary.
EU: http://bit.ly/2sQT23J
Politico: http://politi.co/2tJtUyu
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2vdKPqO
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ua1wGX

US: Airport authorities roll out facial recognition
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Mashable reports that Customs and Border Patrol has begun scanning passengers' faces on specific flights at airports in Boston and Houston, a move that has never been authorized by the US Congress for US citizens. American Security Today reports that similar systems are being tested at Dulles (Washington, DC). KOB.com reports that JetBlue already uses facial recognition systems to identify boarding travelers, a move Delta Airlines expects to follow, beginning in Minneapolis.
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2vdfeph
KOB: http://bit.ly/2tIWyQm

W3C adopts copyright protection standard for the open web
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At EFF, Cory Doctorow reports that the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has published Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) as a new standard for handling copy-protected video but rejected safeguards proposed by EFF and myriad other organizations and activists. The safeguards would have protected from prosecution users bypassing digital rights management (DRM) for legal purposes such as making EME files accessible to those with disabilities. Doctorow lists the many ways he believes the decision is damaging and suggests next steps, which include continuing to try to change the relevant law, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and appealing the W3C decision. In postings, W3C and Ars Technica defend the W3C's reasoning. At The Verge, Jacob Kastrenakes surveys the adverse consequences for security researchers. At EFF, Kris Erickson, Jesus Rodriguez Perez, and Swagatam Sinha, from the University of Glasgow, note that their ongoing research on the economics of DRM indicates that the market values interoperability, which DRM impedes.
EFF (decision): http://bit.ly/2ujIxua
W3C: http://bit.ly/2tJeL0c
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2ufeR0g
Verge: http://bit.ly/2ujH86Q
EFF (interoperability): http://bit.ly/2tNx8iW

New York court awards Elsevier $15 million in damages against Sci-Hub
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At the Private Internet Access blog, Glyn Moody reports that Elsevier has won a $15 million judgment against Alexandra Elbakyan, the Kazakh neuroscience researcher who set up Sci-Hub, which now claims to offer free access to more than 62 million science journal articles. Even though Elsevier is unlikely to be able to collect its court-awarded damages and Russia refuses to enforce US courts' rulings, the American Chemical Society has followed with its own lawsuit. Moody calls the case an indication of how broken copyright is. At her blog, Elbakyan corrects errors in Wikipedia's Sci-Hub article. At his blog, Richard Poynder summarises his paper arguing that copyright has proven an immovable barrier to the open access movement and that the movement is failing as a result. At the Guardian, Stephen Buranyi charts the profitable history of scientific publishing and asks if scientists' opposition to the status quo will bring about change.
PrivateInternetAccess: http://bit.ly/2t4gqPg
Elbakyan: http://bit.ly/2ujJQZQ
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2t4HJsS
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2tJneAy

SE Asia: Financial technology start-ups adopt alternative scoring methods
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Fintechnews Singapore reports on a list of financial technology startups in Southeast Asia, where only 27% of the region's 600 million people have a bank account. The startups depend on alternative methods of credit scoring that depend on analysing the data on the user's mobile phone, their social media profiles, or other financial relationships.
Fintechnews: http://bit.ly/2tJocwV

Facebook: Censorship rules favor white men
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In a study of Facebook's censorship rules and training documents, ProPublica's Julia Angwin finds that the social media site protects white men from hate speech but not black children. The company's hundreds of rules guide decisions aboutwhat should and should not be allowed. ProPublica concludes that at least in some cases the company's rules favor elites and governments over grassroots activists and racial minorities, serving the global company's business interests. An additional complication is how the rules are applied: content reviewers typically have only a few seconds to decide on each post.
ProPublica: http://bit.ly/2uabQP5

US: Blocked Twitter users sue US President Donald Trump
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At Ars Technica, David Kravetz reports that a handful of Twitter users, backed by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, are suing US President Donald Trump on the basis that he has violated their constitutional rights by blocking them from his @realDonaldTrump Twitter feed. The suit claims that Trump's Twitter feed is an official channel for the president and that blocking people for reading it and posting critical responses is a breach of the First Amendment. The suit seeks a ruling barring Trump from blocking followers as an unconstitutional restriction on their participation in a designated public forum.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2tJtF6K

China: ISPs told to block personal VPNs by February 2018
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Bloomberg reports that the Chinese government has told the country's three state-run telecommunications carriers - China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom - to block individuals' access to virtual private networks by February 1, 2018. VPNs are widely used by both individuals and companies wanting to bypass the Chinese firewall to access blocked information sources.
Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2uSlDXM

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Educating journalists how to spot forged document traps
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In this video clip from MSNBC's Rachel Maddow Show, host Rachel Maddow details her staff's investigation of a purportedly highly classified document received via the show's secure drop at senditotrachel.com that claimed to be a smoking-and-still-firing gun proving that Russian interference in the US election was coordinated with a named Trump campaign insider. Authenticating such a document is difficult because experts won't jeopardize their security clearance by looking at it. Maddow's team examined tell-tale details such as the document's metadata, the yellow dots printers add, subtle elements such as typos and odd spacing, and, most significantly, the mention by name of a US citizen, and concluded the document was a cut-and-paste forgery derived from the NSA classified report published by The Intercept a month ago. The real story, Maddow concludes, is that someone is shopping forged documents to lay traps for journalists seeking to report on the Russian hacking story and plant permanent doubts about all reporting on the subject. The Intercept is less impressed.
Maddow (YouTube): http://bit.ly/2tfy2D6
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2tNXIsu

Decoding the Antikythera Mechanism
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In this feature at the Washington Post, Sarah Kaplan discusses efforts to understand the Antikythera Mechanism, retrieved in 1901 from a shipwreck and considered to be the world's oldest computer. For the last ten years, a group of scientists have worked with X-ray scanning and imaging to understand the machine's inner workings. The machine, which was designed to predict eclipses to the day, along with the color of the moon and the weather on that day, reflects the values of the society around it.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2uSaDJO

Financial sector's "weblining" war on the sex industry
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In this article at Engadget, Violet Blue examines "weblining", discriminatory practices in the financial industry that blocks access to services, including payments, to individuals and businesses in legal areas of the sex industry. Blue's list of targets includes porn performers, sex workers, independent retailers, erotic writers, and the internet's new generation of online pornographers, who are, she writes, disproportionately women and LGBT people. Companies like Paypal, Square, and WePay blame the banks and credit card companies, who call the sector "high risk" and cite vaguely-worded policies in pressuring third-party sites like Patreon to jettison these businesses. The credit card companies deny that they're involved. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's new guidelines clarifying "high risk" for banks do not include sex.
Engadget: http://engt.co/2t4zGfF

AI's trouble with kangaroos
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At the Guardian, Naaman Zhou reports that Volvo's self-driving cars have trouble recognizing kangaroos because hopping confounds the way the cars' intelligence systems estimate distance. The Register reports on a Facebook research project in which two bots, set to negotiate with each other, taught themselves how to lie as a negotiating tactic. In a series of blog postings, analyst and writer Thomas Euler examines the state of AI in the field of computational creativity for the benefit of practitioners and executives in the creative industries, covering music, writing, fine arts, advertising, video and movies, and games. At Gizmodo, George Dvorsky dissects testimony IBM recently presented to Congress saying Americans have nothing to fear from AI. Dvorsky cites many experts who say there are good reasons to be alarmed.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ujKxCq
Register: http://bit.ly/2uf4bPg
Euler (1): http://bit.ly/2sQCgBD
Euler (2): http://bit.ly/2ujRaoz
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2tJi0op

Regulating the internet
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In this Guardian article, Charles Arthur examines the prospects for regulating the technology giants. Like climate change, the problems posed by hate speech, extremist content, online abuse, and uncrackable encryption have grown slowly over time to become global issues that can't easily be solved by any one government. Arthur concludes that as a "free zone" the internet be celebrated as well as policed, but that what needs regulation is the surveillance state. Also at the Guardian, Seth Stephens-Davidowitz summarizes the racism, gender bias, and sexual practices that surface in his studies of Google searches
Guardian (Arthur): http://bit.ly/2uS4X2u
Guardian (Stephens-Davidowitz): http://bit.ly/2ujIqPe

Smart cities and surveillance
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In this blog posting, EFF discusses a proposal under consideration by the San Jose City Council to install over 39,000 "smart" streetlights, already being piloted. EFF has written to the council asking them to ensure that decisions regarding how to use the streetlights' ports for microphones and video cameras will be subject to democratic control. EFF is supporting similar efforts in Santa Clara, Oakland, Palo Alto, and the Bay Area Rapid Transit System. In 2015, CommonSpace noted similar problems with streetlamps in Glasgow, where the city council has partnered with the Israeli surveillance company NICE Systems to use the system to detect "unusual behavior".
EFF: http://bit.ly/2uRQaFd
CommonSpace: http://bit.ly/2u9WGJE


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Wikimania
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August 9-13, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Wikimania's keynotes, hackathons, preconferences, workshops, and community-submitted talks will include sessions on the future of editing Wikipedia; outreach in Africa; library partnerships - Wikidata tools - what readers visit - communicating your work - Wikimedia's strategy - legal threats to free knowledge - Wikipedia in minority and endangered languages; Wikipedia in Iraq; medicine and emergency response; the gender gap; preventing online harassment; sounds and video; implicit bias; citations and references; the future of Wikisource and Wikiversity; real-time collaboration; global trends; leading teams; Wikidata and museums; making access affordable; the future of news; collaboration under censorship; and education.
http://bit.ly/2ujwnBA

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
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August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
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September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
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September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
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Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
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September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
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October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
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October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
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November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
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November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
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January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
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May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 June 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Cracked Labs, EFF, Human Rights Data Analysis Group, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Ethiopia restores internet access
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AfricaNews reports that the Ethiopian government claims to have restored internet access after shutting it off between May 31 and June 8 to prevent cheating on university entrance exams. At Ezega, Seble Teweldebirhan discusses the politics of Ethiopian shutdowns: they impose considerable collateral damage in the form of financial losses, inconvenience, and delay upon many national and international organizations. Yet their use is increasing. Teweldebirhan finds that the problems with social media are exacerbated in countries that, like Ethiopia, lack strong and credible traditional media.
Africa News: http://bit.ly/2tN84r3
Ezega: http://bit.ly/2tsOmBG

EU: Court rules that internet intermediaries may be liable for user content
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TorrentFreak reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled in the case between Dutch anti-piracy outfit BREIN and Dutch ISPs Ziggo and XS4ALL that the operators of platforms play an "essential role" in making copyrighted works available and that this activity constitutes "communication to the public". By exposing them to more direct liability, the ruling is likely to force Google and YouTube to change the way they operate. In a blog posting, Andres Guadamuz, a senior lecturer in intellectual property law at the University of Sussex, worries that the court is adding potential liability for intermediaries that, if upheld by the national court, may lead to internet intermediaries being ordered to block indexing sites. Guadamuz notes that The Pirate Bay is unlikely to be affected, as the only thing reducing piracy is the consumer shift to streaming. TorrentFreak agrees, and reviews the remarkable durability of The Pirate Bay.
TorrentFreak (ruling): http://bit.ly/2rCbX1E
Guadamuz: http://bit.ly/2spK0Nf
TorrentFreak (Pirate Bay): http://bit.ly/2tN3uJx

Mexico: government spyware targets journalists, activists, and lawyers
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The New York Times reports that Mexican human rights lawyers, journalists, and anti-corruption activists have been targeted by advanced spyware that was sold to the Mexcian government on condition that it be used only to investigate criminals and terrorists. The Pegasus spyware, created by Israel's NSO Group, infiltrates mobile phones when subjects click on links in highly personalized phishing emails, monitors all aspects of their use, and turns the microphone and cameras for surveillance. The government denies it would take such actions without prior judicial authorization; however, researchers at Citizen Lab view finding NSO code on several phones belonging to Mexican journalists and activists as a clear indicator.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2sVgyjk

EU: Unified Patent Court opening slips
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Intellectual Property Watch reports that the prospective Unified Patent Court, due to open in December 2017, will be delayed due to a court action in Germany and uncertainty due to the results of the June 8 UK election. Both countries have consented to be bound by the UPC protocol but have yet to ratify the pact, which must be ratified by 13 countries including these two.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2tNvuwK

EFF seeks aid from machine learning researchers
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EFF is calling on machine learning researchers to help it build a good single place to find the state of the art on well-specified machine learning metrics and the many problems in AI that are so hard that there are no good datasets and benchmarks to tackle them.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2sThxRu

China: Criminal gang arrested for selling Apple users' private data
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The Guardian reports that the Chinese authorities have arrested 22 people under suspicion of running an underground criminal operation to steal and sell Apple users' private data. Twenty of the suspects were employees of companies that worked with Apple who allegedly used internal systems to gather the data. SupChina translates and summarizes a report from December 2016 in Gangzhou's Southern Metropolis Daily studying the illegal trade in personal information in China. Through simple mobile transactions you, too, the report says, can be Big Brother.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2rUrzNb
SupChina: http://bit.ly/2rUSg4h

German chancellor Angela Merkel calls for global internet regulations
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Reuters reports that German chancellor Angela Merkel has said that the digital world needs regulations like those that govern trade under the WTO and financial markets in the G20. Merkel hopes to raise the issue at the G20 meeting during Germany's presidency. Buzzfeed notes that the UK's Conservative election manifesto expressed the intention to significantly extend internet regulation. Varied proposals include making it harder for people to access pornography and violent images, requiring internet companies to promote counter-extremism narratives, and force social media companies to accept a regulator's rulings or face sanctions. By contrast, the United Nations special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression David Kaye has released a report proposing a set of principles to guide the private sector to respect human rights.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2rQkjH2
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2sq495R
UN (PDF): http://bit.ly/2rUYAsC


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Mapping corporate surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Cracked Labs' Wolfie Christl summarizes its report on corporate surveillance: who the main players are, what they can infer from the data they collect on all of us, and how they use and trade it. Besides well-known companies such as Facebook and Google, more obscure data brokers like Acxiom are stockpiling billions of consumer profiles that it combines across hundreds of data and advertising companies. New developments include Oracle's entry into the consumer data market, alongside players in many other industries, and the beginnings of real-time monitoring via data gathered by physical-world sensors.
http://crackedlabs.org/en/corporate-surveillance

Germany's intelligence reform
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In this paper, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung discusses the December 2016 legal reform of German intelligence, which sets new international standards for authorization procedures now required for the surveillance of non-national data and the legal requirements for Germany's participation in international intelligence cooperation. By contrast, recent reforms in the United Kingdom or the U.S. offer no such standard for non-national data. Despite this, the reform still marks a clear victory for the Chancellery and the German security and intelligence establishment. The reform for example placed much of the BND's foreign communications data surveillance on a legal footing but did not fix the country's woefully inadequate judicial oversight system.
SNV (PDF): http://bit.ly/2rCjKwh

Gaming Google's news algorithm
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In this blog posting, senior Citizen Lab researcher John Scott-Railton examines sites that are gaming the health section of Google News to redirect to spam sites after discovering that approximately 50% of the news he was seeing was "odd". At The Register, Jude Karabus lays out the detail of how the system works. Given how many people rely on Google News, Karabus finds the hours-long persistence of these attacks disturbing.
Scott-Railton: http://bit.ly/2sTbHzA
Register: http://bit.ly/2sA6YQo

Personal Democracy Forum
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This page of YouTube video clips from the 2017 Personal Democracy Forum includes Kate Crawford discussing the inequality built into our machine learning and AI systems; Safiya Noble outlining her research into the oppression built into search algorithms, which began with her discovery in 2011 that the top results of online searches for "black girls" were pornographic sites; and Julie Menter's keynote arguing that in the changing landscape for funders as technologists and political activists begin to cross into each other's spheres, funders need to look for emerging grassroots leaders with direct activist experience, become less risk-averse (like venture capitalists), and letting go of funding silos and top-down control.
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2tN5T79

Predicting gun violence in Chicago
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In this New York Times article, Jeff Asher and Rob Arthur reverse-engineer public data released by the Chicago Police Department to understand the proprietary (and therefore undisclosed) algorithm being used to predict who will be involved in gun violence. The writers find disparities between the data and the CPD's comments, and note that even if these risk scores are useful in predicting violence, which is not clear, their effectiveness in fighting crime is questionable. In a blog posting at ConceptNet, Rob Speer discusses the problem of bias in word vectors, numerical representations computers use to "understand" human language. ConceptNet has been attempting to "de-bias" its Numberbatch set of word vectors: computers learn to be racist and sexist from what we say - including on the porn pages that make up a substantial portion of the web. The work was partly inspired by Speer's experience with building an algorithm for sentiment analysis and discovering that when he applied it to restaurant reviews Mexican restaurants scored poorly even though people do like Mexican food. At net.wars, Wendy M. Grossman interviews Patrick Ball, technical director of the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, about why and how profoundly these systems fail at fairness.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2spSLqy
ConceptNet: http://bit.ly/2sV16DI
net.wars: http://bit.ly/2rBT9PT

The Facebook of the elite
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In this article, Share Lab maps the interconnections of Facebook's top executives and board members to political parties, competitor organizations where they previously worked, and the US universities where they obtained their degrees. The study finds that Facebook's leadership is drawn from the small minority of existing US political, social, and economic elites rather than expanding its diversity to reflect the gender, culture, and race of its global, or even its American, market.
Share Labs: http://bit.ly/2tsUw51


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Workshop on the Economics of Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
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June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
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July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
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Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
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July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 June 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman. 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Data & Society, Karisma Foundation.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Colombia: Biologist cleared of criminal copyright charges 
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Right to Research Coalition reports that a Colombian court has cleared biologist Diego Gómez Hoyos of criminal charges of violating copyright by posting a scientist's 2006 thesis on amphibian taxonomy to the online platform Scribd to aid other students. The author sued in 2014, while Gómez was still a master's degree student. Nature reports that the prosecutor has appealed the decision to the Tribunal de Bogota. If found guilty, under Colombian copyright law Gómez could face up to eight years in prison and significant fines. Colombian copyright law was reformed in 2006 to meet the requirements of a free-trade deal with the United States. The Columbia human rights group Karisma Foundation had launched the Sharing Is Not a Crime campaign in support of Gomez when he was first charged.
Right to Research: http://bit.ly/2rVRQye
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2sEafxs
Karisma: http://bit.ly/2qXm2FX

Russian hackers use "tainted leaks" to spread disinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Wired, Andy Greenberg reports that a Citizen Lab study of leaked documents finds that Russian hackers altered documents within releases of hacked material in order to plant disinformation - "falsehoods in a forest of facts" - a technique Citizen Lab has dubbed "tainted leaks". Citizen Lab studied an extensive Russia-linked phishing and disinformation campaign with hundreds of targets in government, industry, military and civil society. Those targets include a large list of high profile individuals from at least 39 countries (including members of 28 governments), as well as the United Nations and NATO. Although there are many government, military, and industry targets, the Citizen Lab report provides further evidence of the often-overlooked targeting of civil society in cyber espionage campaigns.  Civil society -- including journalists, academics, opposition figures, and activists -- comprise the second largest group (21%) of targets, after government.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2qX3fL0
Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2sE1CD7

IBM's Watson largely matches doctors' diagnoses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Pharmaphorum reports that IBM data shows that the company's Watson AI matches doctors' recommendations from 43% to 96% of the time. Studies in Bangkok, Bangalore, and Incheon, South Korea find varying rates of concordance for different types of cancer and treatment guidelines. The studies suggest that while Watson may be useful to speed up diagnosis it cannot yet improve upon doctors' decisions. The Bangkok Post reports on the state of efforts to deploy Watson and other AI systems in Thailand. The New York Times asks if China is outsmarting the US in AI.
Pharmaphorum: http://bit.ly/2sU1df4
Bangkok Post: http://bit.ly/2rMv8GL
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2r6htZk

Peru: Ministry of the Interior's "Watchitaxi" app 
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports on the problems with Watchitaxi, an app released and promoted by the Peruvian Ministry of the Interior with the stated intention of improving security for people using taxis. Access Now praises the Ministry's good intentions, but finds numerous problems with the app: it is insufficiently transparent about how the Ministry will use and store the data it collects and it protects physical, but not cyber security. Access Now suggests that all government-endorsed apps should be open source and should be forced to respect fundamental human rights.
Access Now (Spanish): http://bit.ly/2r2SZos
English (Googls): http://bit.ly/2s4HSeM

Uber adopts "route-based pricing"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bloomberg reports that Uber has adopted a new pricing system that uses machine learning and its customer data to charge what it believes customers will pay. Called "route-based pricing", the system, in part intended to allay investors' fears that the company will never become profitable, has also increased the gap between what customers pay and what drivers earn. In 2012, Edward Hasbrouck discussed the issue of personalized pricing with respect to airlines: it is, he argues, opaque and filled with the potential for discriminatory practices. 
Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2sEAxja
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2sgufZA

Africa: Summit calls for end to internet shutdowns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The fifth Africa Internet Summit in Nairobi, Kenya reports that six pan-African internet organizations - AFRINIC, AFTLD, AFNOG, AFREN, Africa CERT, and ISOC Africa - are calling on African governments to renounce the use of internet shutdowns as policy tool. This includes shutdowns of specific social media sites and apps. The organizations offer to work with governments to find better solutions that do not hurt citizens' fundamental rights while protecting the internet's stability, resilience, and openness. 
Africa Summit: http://bit.ly/2qWY1Pv

Norwegian Consumer Council requests project suggestions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Norwegian Consumer Council asks visitors to suggest and/or vote for the product or service it should study next. In the past, it has found security vulnerabilities in the My Friend Cayla doll and conducted a staged reading of all the terms and conditions that apply to an iPhone and an average collection of apps. Suggestions to date include Google for Education, the Runkeeper app, and smart TVs.
NCC: http://bit.ly/2r2t9AZ


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

How Twitter is being gamed to provide misinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for the New York Times, Farhad Manjoo examines Twitter's role in turning raw political messaging and disinformation into cable-ready news. More people use Facebook and Google, but Twitter is where journalists meet and pick up stories. Twitter's armies of bots catalyze this process, and undermine confidence in everything we see online. The article cites Alice Marwick, author of Data & Society's recent report on online media manipulation. At TechCrunch, Jon Evans writes that "Facebook is broken", and says that when "engagement" is the metric content will inevitably be selected for the shocking and outrageous. 
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2rBPAf8
Data & Society (PDF): http://bit.ly/2sgwkoD
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2rM7omk

The internet's role in recruiting women and children to terrorism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the VOX-Pol project, Carola García-Calvo discusses the role of the internet in radicalizing Spanish women. In García-Calvo's study of people arrested in Spain for activities related to terrorism, more than half of the women (55.6%) were radicalized purely online as opposed to only 30.8% of men; among men, mixed offline and online recruitment predominates (46.2%) versus 27.8% of women, with pure face-to-face recruitment accounting for 23.1% of men and 16.7% of women. Among online media, social media was used for 93.3%, followed by messenger applications (80%) and, finally, forums and blogs (20%). García-Calvo notes that a striking part of online recruitment is the influence exerted by people perceived to be women's peers. In a report, the Carter Center studies the recruitment methods used by Daesh to attract marginalized youth. A key aspect is including children in recruitment videos, showing them providing support as spies, members of sleeper cells, and even suicide bombers. The National Academy of Sciences has published a report summarizing a September 2016 workshop exploring countering extremism through public health practice.
VOX-Pol: http://bit.ly/2qXql49
Carter Center: http://bit.ly/2sEG6hM
NAS: http://bit.ly/2sEokeg

UK: Inside the Tories' social media campaign blitz
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Buzzfeed article, Jim Waterson studies data obtained from the Who Tracks Me service and estimates that millions of people have seen narrowly targeted Facebook ads paid for by the UK's Conservative Party in a strategy similar to that used by the Trump campaign. Some are purely negative messages about Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn; others promote Conservative leader Theresa May. Because paid online advertising is hard to track, Buzzfeed argues that the strategy bypasses the UK's laws about campaign spending. The Intercept reports that it has independently authenticated a top-secret NSA report detailing a Russian cyber-attack on at least one US voting software supplier days before the 2016 election. In a video clip and live blog summary at ReCode, Kara Swisher and Walt Mossberg conduct a lengthy interview with Hillary Clinton. She discusses the election, the Republicans' $100 million data platform, the use of bots and narrowly targeted false messaging, ongoing Russian interference in US politics, fake news, and the role of misogyny in politics. Clinton warns that false messaging and propaganda are ongoing threats to democracy.
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2sE1yTL
Recode: http://bit.ly/2rVTxvt
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2sgw9cM

Using machine learning to sort two metric tons of Lego
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, technical consultant Jacques Mattheij discusses a recent project, in which he bought two metric tons of Legos and used machine learning to build an automated system to sort them into more than 50 bins. Mattheij recounts the difficulties he encountered, explains the details of the neural network he created in Python, and provides video clips of the working system.
Mattheij: http://bit.ly/2sU1Fu1

Seeking democratic online engagement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at MIT Technology Review, Tom Simonite discusses Pol.is, a company seeking to turn online interactions into a positive force for democracy via data visualizations and crowdsourcing. In Taiwan, the company's open source survey tool helped break a six-year stalemate over how to regulate online alcohol sales. In Denmark, the progressive political party Alternativet is piloting Pol.is to give its members a more direct influence over party policy. Graham Smith, director of the Centre for the Study of Democracy at the University of Westminster, praises the results so far, but says many more tests are needed, particularly to see how Pol.is stands up to efforts to subvert it.
Technology Review: http://bit.ly/2rMrr3P


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Workshop on the Economics of  Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict. 
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals". 
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government. 
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of  #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online. 
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields. 
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
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Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 26 May 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

India compels biometrics for 1.3 billion residents
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The LA Times reports that as part of its program to issue identity numbers (Aadhaar) to its 1.3 billion residents, India is making biometrics mandatory for all e-government projects. The Aadhaar has become increasingly essential, even for children seeking schooling, despite a 2015 Supreme Court ruling that the government could not require it for any benefit to which a person was entitled providing their could prove their identity by some other means. The Supreme Court is now hearing a case disputing the government's right to compel the production of biometric data. The Centre for Internet and Society, cited in the story, has found that 135 million Aadhaar numbers have been published insecurely on the web by federal and state agencies.
http://lat.ms/2qQEked

US: Trump administration removes data from public view
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Washington Post, Juliet Eilperin reports that the Trump administration is hiding away or limiting access to a wide variety of information that until recently has been provided to the public, including information about workplace violations, energy efficiency, and animal welfare abuses. Among other changes: the White House has ceased publishing visitor logs and removed websites and other material supporting Obama policies that the present administration has dropped such as websites providing scientific information about climate change. In protest against the disappearance of this material from the Environmental Protection Agency, Chicago officials have reposted the site as it appeared. The number of data sets available to the public has dropped from 195,245 to just under 156,000.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2ryZdfo

Germany passes Network Enforcement Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Foreign Affairs, Heidi Tworek reports that the German Bundestag has passed the Network Enforcement - Law ("Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz"), which allows the government to fine social media companies up to €50 million if they do not remove illegal content or hate speech within 24 hours of receiving a complaint. Digitale Gesellschaft, Wikimedia Deutschland, the Internet Society, and the Federal Association of German Startups have opposed the law's privatization of law enforcement. German Justice Minister Heiko Maas hopes to expand this approach to all of Europe. Digitale Gesellschaft reports that it has initiated a broad alliance of economic associations, civil society organizations, network policy associations and legal experts, who are jointly calling for a declaration of freedom of expression to stop the project. EDRi reports that proposals from the European Commission require internet companies to proactively search for illegal content without specifying who should assess whether the content is illegal. The Guardian reports the contents of leaked files showing Facebook's guidelines for assessing posted content for sex, terrorism, and violence.
Foreign Affairs: http://fam.ag/2ryZUW2
Digitale Gesellschaft: http://bit.ly/2ryEtEE
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2rPkvCK
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2qOu3zx
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qUQaoq

UK: Police charge activist under terrorism law for refusing to disclose passwords
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Motherboard reports that the UK's Metropolitan Police have formally charged Muhammad Rabbani, director of the human rights group Cage, for refusing to give up his phone and computer passwords when crossing the UK border in 2016. According to the Guardian, Cage is building a legal case around alleged torture involving the US intelligence agencies, and the material on Rabbani's laptop was privileged. Cage estimates that about 30,000 British nationals were detained last year under Section 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000, with only five eventually arrested.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/uk-police-charge-activist-under-terrorism-law-for-refusing-to-hand-over-passwords
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qfa5Lu

Sweden drops investigation of Julian Assange
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that while Sweden has dropped its investigation of allegations of rape against him, Wikileaks founder Julian Assange has said that "the proper war is just commencing". Prosecutor Marianne Ny said prosecutors had concluded that all possibilities of pursuing the investigation under the present conditions had been exhausted, though she added that if Assange were to "make himself available" in future the investigation could be resumed. At The Intercept, Glenn Greenwald argues that statements made by the Trump administration show that Assange is still in "serious legal jeopardy".
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2rgtBLN
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2qV5qzB

MP3 freed from patent protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Hindu, Meenakshi R. reports that the Fraunhofer Institute, which originally developed the MP3 format, has ended the licensing program for "certain MP3-related patents and software" as of April 23, 2017 as some patents have expired. While many headlines have described the decision as the "death of MP3", the format remains very popular, though state-of-the-art services use more recent codecs such as AAC. Gizmodo reports that Swedish historian and researcher Rasmus Fleischer is writing a book that will allege that early versions of the streaming service Spotify depended on "pirate" MP3s found on the internet.
Hindu: http://bit.ly/2rSGTtW
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2qj5cAp

Google Play Store allows developers to bar user-modified devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Android Police reports that the latest version of Google's Play Store enables developers to selectively block their apps from appearing in search results from three categories of devices based on whether they are certified by Google or pass integrity checks. Android Police also reports that the first app known to have taken advantage is Netflix, although the app works if it's been installed. In a press release the company explained that because its latest release relies on Google's WideVine digital rights management (DRM) it is blocking altered or not-certified devices - which means devices whose owners have modified the operating system or are using emulators. At BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow connects this development to Netflix's efforts to drive the W3C's adoption of web-scale DRM, and notes the inherent contradiction of calling a device "rooted" (that is, under the user's complete control) when users can't instruct it to pretend it passes the integrity check.
Android Police (blocking): http://bit.ly/2qj5HdD
Android Police (Netflix): http://bit.ly/2rPkejc
BoingBoing: http://bit.ly/2qUrZ9p


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

How Google takes over the classroom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Natasha Singer asks whether the low-cost laptops and free software Google is supplying to public schools will provide the company with data that supports future profiling when these children become adults. EFF, which has been campaigning on this subject for some time, estimates that approximately one-third of American students use school-issued digital devices, and supplies case studies illustrating the privacy issues they raise. Africa News reports that under a deal with Microsoft, Rwandan students will begin using "smart classrooms" by the end of 2017.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2rgn2IS
EFF: http://bit.ly/2rz0jaJ
Africa News: http://bit.ly/2qUTOhI

The cost of software security
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, written after the worldwide WannaCry ransomware attack that exploited millions of computers across the world running unpatched Windows XP, Columbia University security professor Steven M. Bellovin considers the problem of who should pay for security patches to legacy software. Failing the adoption of alternatives, we all pay as a society for security failures. In a separate posting, he discusses why patching is hard. The Financial Times reports that Microsoft has begun a system of charging more for extra security support for its top-of-the-line version of Windows 10. The Hill discusses the NSA's role in stockpiling exploits for its own use rather than disclosing them to protect the public.
Bellovin (who pays): http://bit.ly/2rSVHZL
Bellovin (patching): http://bit.ly/2rPaup3
FT: http://on.ft.com/2qVbiZo
Hill: http://bit.ly/2qasoFz

Proposing public service social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Atlantic, Ethan Zuckerman suggests that a solution to today's polarized media landscape and the right's "hermetically sealed" echo chamber might be public social media along the lines of public service broadcasters like those in the UK, Canada, and Germany. In a blog posting cross-posted to InfoWars, Ethan Ralph calls Zuckerman "one of Soros's top thugs" and describes the proposal as "wanting Big Brother".
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/2qayF46
Infowars: http://bit.ly/2qVevIy

AI and the future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast at Data & Society, Eric Horvitz, a technical fellow and director at Microsoft Research, discusses the societal and technological complications of using AI, covering such issues as biased data, transparency, attacks on AI systems, and employment. He discusses current research and compares today's predictions about AI to predictions made in 1899 about the future of electricity and life in 2000.
Data & Society: http://bit.ly/2qfgsyt

Challenges and opportunities for smart cities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting from the LSE Media Policy Project, Visiting Fellows Jonny Shipp and Dr Ionanna Nicola discuss the challenges and opportunities for smart cities. Digitization is making municipal processes less transparent, while the budget cuts imposed on many city councils make it hard to respond thoughtfully. The rapid pace of development of private services means that the public interest is often not fully considered or represented, and the companies involved claim ownership of the data, which they then analyze and try to sell back to the cities. For city administrations, the focus should be citizens, not just users. The South China Morning Post describes life in ZTE's flagship smart city, Yinchuan, a community of 2 million people situated on the edge of the Gobi Desert. IT News Africa reports that Rwanda
LSE: http://bit.ly/2rAQdXe
SCMP: http://bit.ly/2rPmuad

Uber versus Waymo
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at BusinessInsider, Biz Caron explains Google spin-out Waymo's ongoing lawsuit for patent infringement and intellectual property theft against Uber. Both companies hope to dominate the huge upcoming market for autonomous vehicles. Waymo claims that Uber has benefited from information about Waymo's Lidar vision system that was contained in more than 14,000 documents copied by its former engineer, Anthony Levandowski before he left to found Otto, a startup focused on self-driving trucks. Uber acquired Otto in mid-2016, but claims never to have seen the information in the files. A win for Waymo could derail Uber's automation plans. At CNet, Dara Kerr reports on the hearings: while it appears clear that Levandowski downloaded the files, there seems to be little evidence that Uber used any of the information. The Guardian reports that the judge is allowing Uber to continue with its project but that the company must keep Levandowski away from work involving Lidar; Uber has threatened to fire the engineer if he does not return the documents, as required by the court order.
BI: http://read.bi/2qj1MO2
CNet: http://cnet.co/2qfmmj5
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qUN8Aw


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Workshop on the Economics of Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

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================================
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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 May 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Open Rights Group.

Master's Degree program in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Barcelona-based Universitat Pompeu Fabra has announced that pre-enrollment has opened for a Master's Degree course in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture, taught in Spanish and organized by the multidisiciplinary artist and activist Simona Levi and the non-profit activist platform Xnet. The goal is to train active agents to work with new models of strategic action, versatile actors who can bring into being new forms of organisation and initiatives, who are able to work with them and lead sectors that transform, and are in the process of being transformed.
http://bit.ly/2oQs7D4

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Austria: Court orders global removal of Facebook hate speech postings
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that an Austrian court has ruled that Facebook must remove - globally - postings deemed as hate speech. The case was brought by the country's Green party over postings that insulted its leader. The ruling is one of a number of moves made by European legislators to curb hate speech and incitement to violence online. Last month, Germany's cabinet approved a plan to fine social networks up to €50 million if they fail to remove postings quickly. The Open Rights Group reports that in the UK the dissolution of Parliament was marked by the release of a partial report from the disbanding Home Affairs Select Committee that branded social media companies as irresponsible for not doing more to proactively remove extremist material.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2q9H5XR
ORG: http://bit.ly/2qbMXOS

UK: Global operation influenced the EU referendum vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In the Observer, Carole Cadwalladr reports that the EU referendum was influenced by a shadowy global operation involving big data and billionaire friends of US President Donald Trump, and asks whether the upcoming British general election is safe from interference. At the heart of Cadwalladr's investigation is a Canadian web analytics company, AggregateIQ, which, invoices uploaded by the Electoral Commission show, was paid more by the Vote Leave campaign than any other company in any other campaign in the entire referendum. Cadwalladr concludes that Britain in 2017 looks increasingly like a "'managed democracy" leading the way into a "brave, new, increasingly undemocratic world".
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2r8pBcP

China: New rules require licensing to use social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that China's State Council Information Office has released new regulations that increase restrictions on news reporting and require individuals to submit real identity information when subscribing to a news information service. Internet news services that use websites, apps, forums, blogs, microblogs, mobile public platforms such as WeChat, instant messaging, and livecasting are required to obtain permits from the Internet News Information Unit. Sources quoted in the story believe that the purpose of targeting readers is to stop anonymous comments on social media news threads. The regulation comes into effect in June 1. The US's ABC News reports that China is also building its own 300,000-entry online encyclopedia written by hand-picked scholars and experts, which the public will not be allowed to edit.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2pEKwlJ
ABC: http://abcn.ws/2r8S0zI

Turkey: Government blocks Wikipedia under security law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that a Turkish court has rejected an appeal by Wikipedia against a government decision to block access to all language editions of the online encyclopedia. Earlier, Reuters had reported that the Turkish BTK telecommunications watchdog instituted the ban on April 29, citing a law allowing it to ban access to websites deemed obscene or a threat to national security. The ban was originally detected by the Turkey Blocks monitoring site.
Reuters (court): http://reut.rs/2r6YQoe
Reuters (ban): http://reut.rs/2r8DoAk
Turkey Blocks: http://bit.ly/2pr31zb

France: Hackers try to orchestrate a win for National Front's Marine Le Pen
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Daily Beast reports that two days before the May 7 French presidential election someone dumped 9GB of emails and documents supposedly taken from the Emmanuel Macron campaign to 4Chan, from where they were republished by Wikileaks. With minimal time left before the 48-hour pre-election campaign blackout began, the Macron campaign issued a statement saying it had been hacked and that many of the leaked documents were fakes. Mounir Mahjoubi, the head of Macron's digital team, told The Daily Beat that part of Macron's campaign strategy was to sign on to the phishing pages and plant bogus and conflicting information. At BuzzFeed, Zeynep Tufecki defended the right to privacy of the people in the emails, and advised French reporters that they should not allow the dump to distract them from reporting on more important issues, both before and after the election. Rather allowing the hackers to lead the story by debunking - and thereby repeating - false stories, she says, aggressively report on the misinformation campaign itself, and dig into its origins. BuzzFeed reports that a crucial reason for the failure of attempts to use similar tactics to those of the US presidential election to orchestrate a win for Le Pen was that no one on 4Chan knew French. The National Front memes that poured onto Twitter were in English and ignored differences in French culture, so the French media didn't pick up the fake stories - and few in France use Facebook. An investigation published by Le Monde demonstrates that the dissemination of "MarconLeaks" was organized by the extreme right wing of the United States  - with astonishing detail.
Daily Beast: http://thebea.st/2q9Ucs7
Buzzfeed (Tufecki): http://bzfd.it/2qzpk5N
Buzzfeed (4Chan): https://www.buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/how-the-american-far-right-tired-and-failed-to-hijack-the
Le Monde: http://lemde.fr/2pFtg0L

Netherlands: Open access requirement blocks researchers from Oxford journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Times Higher Education Supplement reports that academics in Dutch universities have lost access to journals published by Oxford University Press after 18 months of talks about subscription prices failed to reach agreement. The Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU) has set a mandate to achieve 100% open access publishing by 2020. In mid-February, Science Magazine reported that Elsevier had restored access for German researchers after blocking them for more than a month; negotiations continued.
THES: http://bit.ly/2r6Uj5w


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

New antitrust rules for the data economy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist argues that network effects mean that the rise of data as a more valuable resource than oil requires a new approach to antitrust rules. Rather than consider a company's overall size, regulatory authorities need to consider the extent of its data assets; this rule would have sounded the alarm over Facebook's acquisition of revenue-less WhatsApp. Second, regulators should redress the balance of power between online service providers and those who supply their data (that is, us). As part of this rule, greater transparency over the data held and the money it brings in would be helpful, as would governments opening up their own data and managing crucial parts of the data economy as public infrastructure (the article cites India's Aadhaar digital identity system as an example).
Economist: http://econ.st/2pEvVqy

The lives of Google raters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Ars Technica, Annalee Newitz studies the working lives of Google's thousands of "raters", who test that the company's algorithms correctly deliver search results and personalization features. The recent withdrawal of advertisers who found their ads placed inside extremist YouTube videos led Google to announce it would use its raters' efforts to rectify the situation. The raters work from home for contractors such as Leapforce; meet only virtually, and are assigned tasks via the company's "Raterhub" at rates predetermined by Google. Raters must pass rigorous exams on the company's 160-page book of guidelines, and require frequent (often unpaid) retraining; their work is randomly spot-checked by bots. The ten raters who spoke to Newitz say the job is meaningful, integral to Google, and pays $13.50 to $17.40 an hour, comfortably above US minimum wage. On April 3, Newitz reports, LeapForce abruptly notified its raters that their hours per week would be limited to 26 as of June 1, a change that appears to be due to US law regarding healthcare benefits and opens up questions about who exactly employs them. The article concludes by quoting UCLA professor Sarah Roberts, who after five years of studying the lives of raters concludes that although Google likes to boast about its AI, "Actually, their AIs are people in the Philippines".
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2qz5jfC

Profile of Richard Stallman
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this candid and lengthy profile of MacArthur award-winner and free software pioneer Richard Stallman at Psychology Today, Matthew Hutson discusses Stallman's unyielding philosophical objections to proprietary software and surveillance, along with the origins of the open source movement and Stallman's efforts to "save us from a software industry he considers predatory in ways we've yet to imagine".
Psychology Today: http://bit.ly/2pEv1dM

YouTube economics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this New York Times article, Sapna Maheshwari recounts the story of US ghost hunter Tim Wood, whose monthly $6,000 income from YouTube in 2016 has plummeted since major advertisers began pulling their ads to stop them from showing up on videos promoting hate speech and terrorism. Wood has failed to get useful help from YouTube product managers. Maheshwari notes that there are many such stories involving YouTube personalities with small but engaged audiences such as comedians, LGBTQ advocates, and political commentators - essentially injured in the crossfire between Google and its customers. In a video clip, EEVblog owner and Australian engineer David L. Jones explains in detail the finances of his YouTube channel and the mechanics of the statements he receives. Jones, who became a full-time YouTuber in 2011, uses his channel to teach electronics by tearing down and rebuilding various pieces of equipment. He makes approximately $40,000 a year from advertising on his channel, which he supplements with a Patreon page, blog, website, community forum, and online shop.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2q9NzpK
EEVblog (YouTube): http://bit.ly/2pFvJrS

Facebook advertising and targeting depressed teens
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that The Australian has obtained an internal report produced by Facebook executives that outlines the company's data analytics capabilities to advertisers. According to The Australian, the document describes how the social network monitors posts and photos in real time and uses the gathered data to identify teenagers' moods. In a follow-up opinion piece, former Facebook executive Antonio Garcia-Martinez says that Facebook will never try to limit this kind of use of the company's data unless public uproar forces it to.
Guardian (report): http://bit.ly/2r72NcF
Guardian (Garcia-Martinez): http://bit.ly/2qzfbWu

How discrimination against women killed the British computer industry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from Data and Society, Marie Hicks, assistant professor of technology history at the Illinois Institute of Technology, discusses research from her new book, Programmed Inequality: How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing (MIT Press, 2017). Over the 30 years from the 1940s to the 1970s, she argues, structural discrimination against women destroyed Britain's global lead in electronic computing. She explains the mechanics of the "gender flip" that saw the early female-dominated computer industry turn predominantly male and says the story provides lessons for all post-industrial superpowers, including the US.
Data & Society: http://bit.ly/2q8wAVf


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Transform Africa Summit 2017
----------------------------------------
May 12-12, 2017
Kigali, Rwanda
ICT experts from across Africa and beyond will convene to discuss the transformation of Africa using the power of technology. The forum will include side events such as the Smart Women Summit and the Africa Smart Cities forum, which is backed by 11 African countries.
http://bit.ly/2pqHvJF

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

Transparency Camp
----------------------------------------
May 22, 2017
Phoenix, Arizona
The Sunlight Foundation and the Arizona Center for Investigative Reporting, Galvanize, and the Arizona Institute for Digital Progress are teaming up to present Tcamp 2017, an un-conference that will bring together the government, developer and journalist communities to discuss and solve problems relating to making government data open and accessible to the public.
http://bit.ly/2oXkH4t

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 28 April 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq.

PROGRAM NEWS
==============

Master's Degree program in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Barcelona-based Universitat Pompeu Fabra has announced that pre-enrollment has opened for a Master's Degree course in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture, taught in Spanish and organized by the multidisiciplinary artist and activist Simona Levi and the non-profit activist platform Xnet. The goal is to train active agents to work with new models of strategic action, versatile actors who can bring into being new forms of organisation and initiatives, who are able to work with them and lead sectors that transform, and are in the process of being transformed.
http://bit.ly/2oQs7D4

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales announces plan to fight fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales is launching a new online publication, Wikitribune, "news by the people and for the people". The site will rely on collaboration between professional journalists, who will be paid by raising money through a crowdfunding campaign, and citizen volunteers. Journalists will be expected to share full transcripts, audio, and video of interviews; community contributors will provide extra material and fact-checking. Wales notes that fake news has had little-to-no impact on the Wikipedia community. The site goes live on April 25 and is free to access.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2pDzLEI
Wikipedia: http://bit.ly/2oNBD91

India adopts British Internet Watch Foundation blocklist
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Sputnik News reports that the Indian government has asked the nation's ISPs to adopt the UK Internet Watch Foundation's blocklist of sites hosting child abuse images. Indian ISPs, like their British counterparts, will have to pay a fee to access the list. After the Supreme Court directed ISPs to address pornography, especially child pornography, India banned about 850 websites in 2015. The hotline India set up in September 2016 received 426 public complaints over the course of six months. According to its website, the IWF provides international reporting portals for a number of other countries that lack their own, including Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, and Uganda.
Sputnik News: http://bit.ly/2qjTwxx
IWF: http://bit.ly/2pqEkld

AI beats humans at poker
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The BBC reports that an AI program called Lengpudashi has beaten a team of six human poker players led by amateur champion Yue Du at Texas Hold'em in an exhibition match staged in Hainan, China. The human "Team Dragon" was composed of engineers, computer scientists, and investors, who relied on game theory and their knowledge of machine intelligence. Lengpudashi and its predecessor, Libratus, was written by Carnegie-Mellon computer science professor Tuomas Sandholm and PhD student Noam Brown and runs on a supercomputer in Pittsburgh. In January, Libratus beat four of the world's best poker professionals in a 20-day game. Poker, unlike Go or chess, is an "imperfect information game" in which success depends on strategy and the ability to both bluff and spot others bluffing.
BBC: http://bbc.in/2pDOgIZ

Global South calls on Tim Berners-Lee to stop digital colonialism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Telesur reports that the Just Net Coalition, a network of internet accessibility activists from the Global South formed in New Delhi, India, in 2014, has sent an open letter to Tim Berners-Lee, asking him to stop accepting Encrypted Media Extensions, which they say is being installed without users' consent and blocks people in the Global South from accessing the same internet features available to those in North America and Europe. In addition, EME blocks those using open source multimedia software, which is used by most users in most Global South countries. The group also wants Berners-Lee to stop corporate interests from privatizing the internet by coopting the W3C. The letter remains open for endorsements until April 27.
Telesur: http://bit.ly/2pqGcKx
Just Net Coalition: http://bit.ly/2pmk6H5
Open letter (PDF): http://bit.ly/2oB6mLi

US: Trump administration endorses arresting Julian Assange
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that US attorney general Jeff Sessions has said that the arrest of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is now a "priority". Bringing charges could lead to an extradition request; however British authorities believe the UK has a prior legal obligation to extradite Assange to Sweden under the European arrest warrant. The Independent reports that US President Donald Trump has called arresting Assange "OK with me". Gizmodo notes earlier Trump statements: he called Wikileaks "disgraceful" in 2010 but publicly proclaimed at a rally in October 2016 that "I love Wikileaks". In the Guardian Trevor Timm argues that prosecuting Wikileaks would endanger the future of US journalism because every newspaper has at some point published classified information and the US administration would be unlikely to stop with prosecuting Assange. At her Emptywheel blog, Marcy Wheeler reviews the coverage and suggests that the Department of Justice wants to cut away at the First Amendment.
Guardian (arrest): http://bit.ly/2oNvLwR
Guardian (journalism): http://bit.ly/2qbpXPu
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2oQkmgy
Wheeler: http://bit.ly/2oB6Xwz

Burger King ad targets Google Home devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that Burger King ran a 15-second TV ad that featured a man in a Burger King uniform leaning forward and saying, "OK, Google. What is the Whopper burger", intending that Google Home devices would begin reading out Wikipedia's Whopper entry. A few hours after the ad launched, the devices ceased responding. Australia's News Channel 9 reports that it took annoyed human users less time than that to begin editing the Wikipedia page to redefine the Whopper as being made of cyanide, toenail clippings, and rat meat.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2pDVY5A
Channel 9: http://bit.ly/2oNwT3z


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

US: Political polarization is not about social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vox, Ezra Klein discusses a new study released through the National Bureau of Economic Research that finds that social media is not the primary cause of increased political polarization in American politics. Using data from the American National Election Survey, researchers Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow, and Jesse Shapiro compared young voters, 80% of whom used social media in 2012, and older voters, only 20% of whom did the same, and found that the voters' age correlated with polarization in eight of nine different tests. When the researchers constructed panels based on internet access, they found the same pattern: that polarization is increasing fastest among those who use the internet the least. The researchers suggest more important factors are increasing income inequality and non-digital media such as cable TV and talk radio.
Vox: http://bit.ly/2oNugyy

African smart cities: Nairobi and Cape Town
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at How We Made It in Africa, Otavio Veras reports on the state of development of smart city projects in Africa's two most advanced cities, Nairobi (Kenya) and Cape Town (South Africa). Nairobi has elected to replicate the steps Singapore followed, and, beginning with the mobile payment system M-Pesa, the choice has driven ICT progress throughout the country. In Cape Town, the government established a four-pillar project to reach smart city status: digital infrastructure, digital inclusion, e-government, and digital economy. The city has implemented remote utilities meter reading, integrated its public safety services, installed a system for predicting fire incidents, deployed public wifi hotspots, and established Taxify, an Uber-like platform that offers passengers and drivers better support. All collected data is publicly available through the city's open data portal website.
How We Made It in Africa: http://bit.ly/2qbklEN

Study raises privacy concerns about smartphone sensors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Popular Science, Rob Verger reports that computer scientists at Newcastle University have been able to create malware that uses the sensors in smartphones that detect the orientation, tilt, and speed of movement to identify the user's PIN 74% of the time on the first try and 94% of the time on the third try. The study's lead author, Maryam Mehrnezhad, says that when not properly secured sensors embedded in anything from smartphones to streetlamps can reveal "basically everything about you". Fueled by concerns about the W3C's interest in defining a specification for a general Sensor API, researcher Lukasz Olejnik has been pointing out the privacy risks of making sensor data available for some time; his website features example analyses of the inferences that can be drawn from the output of sensors that measure ambient light and proximity.
Popular Science: http://bit.ly/2qjMNUa
W3C: http://bit.ly/2qcyynJ
Sensor Privacy: http://bit.ly/2oASNvH

Racial and gender bias in language processing algorithms
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that a study has found that "word embedding", a tool used to improve the accuracy of natural language processing applications such as Google Translate, displays striking gender and racial biases matching those found in the results of implicit association tests on UK and US humans. Lead researcher Sandra Wachter suggests that the results of the study could be used to address and counter the bias in historical data rather than be seen as a threat. In a panel discussion shared online, O'Reilly Media editor Andy Oram, Ifeoma Ajunwa, Geoff A. Cohen, and Ben Green discuss algorithms as "the new boogie men in social control and institutional discrimination" and suggest how to fix them.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2p8oTNN
Wachter (ACM, PDF): http://bit.ly/2oNocG8
Oram (Libreplanet): http://bit.ly/2p8fkOJ
Oran (Slideshare): http://bit.ly/2qbqr8r

How Google Books got lost
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Backchannel, former Salon editor Scott Rosenberg asks what happened to Google Books. Created as the company's first "moonshot", the project scanned 25 million books before copyright law blocked public access. The lawsuits, the rise of other more exciting ventures, and the loss of the sense that scanning more books would change the world have jointly caused progress to stall. Rosenberg concludes by imagining a future in which the database becomes available to machines to read.
Backchannel: http://bit.ly/2oNoi0s

The voice-activated threat to minority languages
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Mashable, Maria Gallucci discusses an Associated Press report that the Icelandic language is at risk of dying out, in part because voice-activated devices force Icelanders to use English. GPS devices struggle with Icelandic road names and voice-driven digital assistants have yet to be ported into the language. The Ministry of Education estimates it would cost about 1 billion Icelandic krona ($8.8 million) to create an open access database to assist developers. Other minority languages under similar threat include Irish Gaelic, Latvian, Maltese, and Lithuanian.
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2p8nve8


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

Transform Africa Summit 2017
----------------------------------------
May 12-12, 2017
Kigali, Rwanda
ICT experts from across Africa and beyond will convene to discuss the transformation of Africa using the power of technology. The forum will include side events such as the Smart Women Summit and the Africa Smart Cities forum, which is backed by 11 African countries.
http://bit.ly/2pqHvJF

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

Transparency Camp
----------------------------------------
May 22, 2017
Phoenix, Arizona
The Sunlight Foundation and the Arizona Center for Investigative Reporting, Galvanize, and the Arizona Institute for Digital Progress are teaming up to present Tcamp 2017, an un-conference that will bring together the government, developer and journalist communities to discuss and solve problems relating to making government data open and accessible to the public.
http://bit.ly/2oXkH4t

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 24 March 2017
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, mySociety, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Prospective trade deals recycle Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement clauses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF reports that some of the proposals it and other civil society organizations opposed in the now-defunct Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement are being recycled into other international trade deals. EFF flags in particular the renegotiation of the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Asian Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). EFF advocates opening the negotiation process to meaningful consultation with users and civil society.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2niqD6k

Pakistan: Government demands social media block "blasphemous" content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Dawn reports that Facebook is sending a delegation to Pakistan to attempt to reach a mutual understanding following hearings in a related case at the Islamabad High Court (IHC) that claims the dissemination of blasphemous content via social media is "hurting the religious sentiments of Muslims". The IHC has ordered the government to investigate online blasphemy. Dawn also reports that Minister of the Interior Chaudhry Nisar has threatened to block all social media websites containing blasphemous content. Past government bans have included Facebook (for two weeks in 2010) and YouTube (2012-2016).
Dawn (delegation): http://bit.ly/2mxAQwN
Dawn (threat): http://bit.ly/2mxKKi3

US: "Smart" vibrator manufacturer settles privacy case
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that We-Vibe, the maker of a line of Bluetooth-enabled vibrators that can be paired with a remote control app, has agreed a $3.75 million class action settlement after the company was accused of collecting data on when and how customers used its products. The lawsuit, which was filed in an Illinois federal court, alleged that the company collected detailed and personally identifiable information; about 300,000 people bought the vibrators and about a third of those paired them with the app. The security flaws were first revealed by researchers at Defcon 2016.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ntkPaq

Advertiser pressure mounts on Google over extremist material
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that numerous major companies such as Vodafone, Sky, several banks, and the Guardian itself are either pulling their ads from Google and its YouTube subsidiary site or considering doing so. The issue: the appearance of their ads in extremist videos on YouTube. Senior Google executives were summoned to the UK's Cabinet Office last week over similar concerns. The Guardian also reports that internet analysts estimate that extremists and hate preachers have netted at least £250,000 from such advertising with $149,000 accruing to Google in commissions. This is not a new problem; the Guardian first covered it in 2012. Separately, Multiplex reports that Google apparently authorized the placement of an ad for the new Disney movie Beauty and the Beast into the voice-powered Google Home device, which included the movie in its daily news summary, and compares the move to earlier advertising mistakes.
Guardian (advertisers): http://bit.ly/2nO5Usm
Guardian (money): http://bit.ly/2nikYgt
Guardian (2012): http://bit.ly/2mxxKZO
Multiplex: http://bit.ly/2mxJbjW

Kenya: Communications surveillance practices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy International reports that the Kenyan National Intelligence Service has direct access to communications networks across Kenya and is sharing the data it collects with the police forces essentially without oversight and outside the procedures required by Kenyan law. PI's newly-published investigation of the techniques, tools and culture of Kenyan police and intelligence agencies' communications surveillance practices finds that intercepted content and data are being used to facilitate gross human rights abuses. The consequences include eroded trust and marred anti-terrorism operations. PI calls for reform in this election year.
PI: http://bit.ly/2n02Nd1

Scotland: Government drops university identity register
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group reports that the Scottish government has dropped plans to use the National Health Service central register as the basis for a national identity register. ORG goes on to call for Scotland to drop its poorly-documented identity system, which comprises a unique citizen reference number assigned to each citizen at birth and a national entitlement card, which is run by the private Improvement Service and which gives citizens access to government services such as bus passes, student service cards, and libraries.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2nO37iM

Paywalls damage public health
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Medium, Lauren Maggio, Juan Pablo Alperin, Laura Moorhead, and John Willinsky report their finding that over 60% of the journal articles discussed in news stories published in 2016 were locked behind paywalls with no free PDF available on the authors' site. The typical fees of $30 to $50 an article, they argue, present too much of a barrier for the general public and the 12-month embargo allowed by the National Institutes of Health is too long. Much of this research is taxpayer-financed, and public health is being damaged by this lack of access to the evidence base.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nOcAH6


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Three challenges for the web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Tim Berners-Lee highlights three problems that he finds critical for the web: 1) our loss of control over our personal data; 2) the ease of spreading misinformation; and 3) the need for transparency about political online advertising. Working on these forms part of the World Wide Web Foundation's new five-year strategy; Berners-Lee calls for help in building "the web we want".
Web Foundation: http://bit.ly/2mZIJHL

Cataloguing the world's politicians
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, mySociety describes progress made by its EveryPolitician project, which by now has collected data on over 72,000 politicians from 233 countries. They go on to explain the decisions they've made in collecting the data and discuss some early projects making use of the data. The Represent.me project, for example, has built a platform for gathering opinions and votes that can be shared with politicians and constituency MPs.
mySociety: http://bit.ly/2nd1VCv

Interview with SocArXiv founder Philip Cohen
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Richard Poynder interviews Philip Cohen, the founder of the SocArXiv social sciences pre-print server. Since its soft launch last summer, the server has amassed over 800 papers; it will hold its first conference in October. In the near term, Cohen intends for SocArXiv to allow new research to reach readers in a timely fashion while preserving the ability to publish in regular journals. Longer-term, he hopes to participate in the movement to build a new and better form of scholarly communications system.
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2nisnfE

Interview with Brazilian TRIPS negotiator Celso Amorim
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at Intellectual Property Watch, William New asks Brazilian minister Celso Amorim to recount his part in negotiating to secure flexibilities for developing countries in the 1994 WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). He also negotiated the landmark 2001 Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health. During that time, the climate changed dramatically, first because of the advent of HIV/AIDS and then due to 9/11. Amorim worries that the new US administration will pursue unilateral sanctions, fragmenting the genuinely worldwide agreements of the past.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2mxRGeY

The Rise of the Weaponized Propaganda Machine
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece at Medium, Berit Anderson and Brett Hovath discuss automated propaganda in global politics. Beginning with an outline of Cambridge Analytica's role in the 2016 US presidential election and its influence on Trump's ongoing policy decisions, the authors go on to examine how the various technical pieces work: data, engagement scripts, networking, and bots. Future elections, Anderson and Horvath argue, will be battles of automated behavior change. Buzzfeed offers a skeptical take on some of the claims regarding the use of behavioral targeting during the US elections. Scientific American asks whether democracy can survive these technologies. The price of personalized information, the authors write, is collective and local decision-making. Calling top-down, centralized control a solution of the past, they suggest ten principles for avoiding totalitarianism.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nJroGt
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2nPXuB1
Scientific American: http://bit.ly/2mxMgkf

The technology industry at South by Southwest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Wired article, Issie Lapowsky finds the technology industry rethinking itself at the annual Austin, Texas South by Southwest (SXSW) festival. The BBC interviews Bishop Paul Tighe, who this year became the first representative sent to SXSW by the Vatican to learn more about the digital world and to promote human values. At The Verge, Nick Statt complains that SXSW is failing to tackle hard questions. Statt also summarizes the SXSW talk by roboticist Matt Rendall, who argued that the US's failure to invest in industrial robotics may cause the country to lose out on the next industrial revolution.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2ntB47j
BBC: http://bbc.in/2ntsEgl
Verge (SXSW): http://bit.ly/2ncXlnY
Vere (investment): http://bit.ly/2nJkDo0

Palantir, Peter Thiel, Big Data, and the DHS
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Edward Hasbrouck discusses recent protests at Palantir, which have seen technology industry employees object to the use of technical tools to assist the Department of Homeland Security to implement the exclusionary policies of the Trump administration. Hasbrouck explains what is known about the tools Palantir is building and their consequences when put to use.
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2ntyRc0


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

ILIDE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2017
Jasna, Slovakia
This year's Innovative Library in the Digital Era conference will discuss repositories and research data archiving, open science, digital humanities and digital scholarship.
http://bit.ly/2luJppU

OpenAIRE Workshop
----------------------------------------
April 4, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
As an adjunct to the RDA plenary, the Research and Data Alliance will hold a workshop on legal issues in open research data.
http://bit.ly/2moqe1r

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Research Data Alliance Plenary
----------------------------------------
April 5-7, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
The main theme for the 9th Research Data Alliance plenary meeting, organised by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputación and supported by RDA Europe, will be Data Infrastructures for Open Science.
http://bit.ly/2lGBp6U

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 December 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Iceland: The Pirate Party asked to form government
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Register reports that a new proclamation has asked Iceland's The Pirate Party (TPP) leader Birgitta Jonsdottir to lead negotiations with other parties to form a government. Two parties won more votes than TPP in the last election, but both have failed to secure a working majority.
Register: http://bit.ly/2h4avTi

Italy: Court rules embedding isn't copyright infringement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the appeal court of Rome has overturned one of the 152 website blocks imposed a month ago and ruled that embedding - incorporating a link that displays third-party content - does not constitute a copyright infringement. The court based its ruling on that of the European Court of Justice in the recent BestWater case, where the court held that embedding is not an infringement if the material is already accessible to the general public. The battle over linking continues in Brussels, where new copyright rules are under negotiation.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2gIt8ZY

Fake news leads armed man to "self-investigate" DC pizzeria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Washington Post reports that local police have arrested a man armed with an assault rifle who visited a pizzeria to "self-investigate" a false conspiracy theory involving Hillary Clinton that spread online during her presidential campaign. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr raises the question of platform responsibility when she uses Google's search autocomplete feature to uncover a growing, parallel universe of right-wing fake news. This universe, hidden in plain sight, is increasingly penetrating the rest of the web and is being used to track, monitor, and influence anyone who comes across its content. The resulting micro-targeting is opaque enough to evade election laws about fair campaigning. The BBC profiles a small town in Macedonia where teenagers are earning quick money from writing fake news that Americans will click on.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2h4hbAQ
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnsDj
BBC: http://bbc.in/2gjDWkV

The Gambia: President shuts down internet for election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that the government of The Gambia turned off internet access and international phone calls the night before the election. The sitting president, Yahya Jammeh, was seeking his sixth term using what writer Deji Olukotun describes as "Trump rhetoric" in a country where votes are cast by using marbles. Following the unexpected election of Adama Barro, the government turned internet access and international phone calls back on.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2gjE1VL

EU threatens social media with regulating hate speech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that the European Commission has said that companies like Microsoft, Yahoo, Twitter, Google, and Google's YouTube will have to act faster to tackle hate speech or face regulation. The Commission is not satisfied with moves the companies have made under the code of conduct agreed six months ago, which requires action on reports within 24 hours. A recent report shows that today only 40% of reports are acted in within that time.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2hdVJqW

Attacks create million-router botnet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Dan Goodin reports that some 900,000 routers issued by Deutsche Telekom to customers were attacked during the last weekend of November, along with similar routers used by non-DT customers. Attackers exploited a flaw that left the routers open for remote management. Shortly afterwards, The Register reported similar attacks aimed at UK routers issued by TalkTalk and the Post Office. The San Francisco Chronicle reports that the local MUNI public transport system was attacked by ransomware that demanded a payment of 100 bitcoin (about $73,000). Rather than pay the ransom, MUNI officials turned off the system and allowed travellers to ride for free. The Chronicle estimates the cost at about $50,000; the attack was traced to an employee who clicked on a link in a phishing email.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2hauPj9
Register: http://bit.ly/2hsh7aZ
SF Chronicle: http://bit.ly/2gjFvzw

Trump seeks internet shutdown capabilities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNN reports that President-elect Donald Trump has called for shutting down the internet in some areas to stop the spread of terror and explains why he'll find it difficult. At The Intercept, Sam Biddle reports that of nine technology companies asked if they would sell their services to help Trump construct the Muslim registry he has repeatedly said he favours, only one - Twitter - issued an unequivocal "no".
CNN: http://cnnmon.ie/2h4kZ59
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2h4mssa


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Colombia: Where is my data?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF summarises "¿Dónde están mis datos?", a report recently published by leading Colombian digital rights organisation Fundacion Karisma. While Colombian telecommunications companies have not yet adopted best practices for privacy and transparency reporting, two key companies, ETB and Telefónica-Movistar, have significantly improved. The country's privacy law has not kept pace with other parts of the world, making telecommunications companies crucial players in protecting user privacy.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2hdPUtF

Elections and data-driven psychometrics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article (in German) at PersonalData.io, Mikael Krogerus and Hannes Grassegger explore the connections between the election of Donald Trump and Michal Kosinski and his work on data-driven psychometrics. Kosinski's work refining his use of Facebook "Likes" to create precise personality profiles provided the underpinnings for Cambridge Analytica's approach to data-driven communications, which the company claims helped win the EU Leave campaign in Britain and elect Donald Trump. By way of comparison, in 2012 Technology Reviiew outlined the data practices that got Barack Obama elected to a second term.
PersonalData: http://bit.ly/2haD5j8
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2hmA1UE
Technology Review: http://bit.ly/2grEHH9

The privacy risks of data in the cloud
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Privacy Surgeon, Privacy International founder and former executive director Simon Davies discusses privacy protection for data held in the cloud. Davies analyses two current cases. First, Microsoft continues to fight a court order that would force it to reveal user emails held on its Irish servers. Second, the US Congress is considering legislation that would grant law enforcement access to such data "based on mutual recognition of 'human rights standards'". In the UK, Davies says, similar plans lack transparency. In a blog posting, The Engine Room, traces the explicit links between data collection and human rights abuses.
Privacy Surgon: http://bit.ly/2gjJZpL
Engine Room: http://bit.ly/2gjOeSa

The anxieties of artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Intel anthropologist Genevieve Bell discusses humans, AI, and why a technology company needs an anthropologist. Humans, she says, fear being made irrelevant. The question is not whether AIs will rise up and kill us but whether we will give them the tools to do so. Meanwhile, the Internet of Things will make some things visible that are not now; Bell's example is the discovery that cows that can milk themselves prefer to do so five or six times a day rather than once or twice. Ben Evans considers the implications of combining floods of photography with AI.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnWtc
Ben Evans: http://bit.ly/2gIuoMJjt

Contracts and the Internet of Things
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Jotwell posting, Nancy Kim summarises a lengthy legal journal article by Stacy-Ann Elvy analysing whether (US) contract law is ready for the Internet of Things. The short answer: no. Elvy discusses issues such as consent, how Internet of Things devices should be regarded under the law, and information asymmetry. She makes recommendations for how courts should consider such issues, and urges the Uniform Law Commission and American Law Institute to change doctrinal rules to take the new commercial environment into account.
Jotwell: http://bit.ly/2haAcPv

Fifty-two surprising lessons for 2016
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium posting, Fluxx consultant Tom Whitwell lists 52 surprising things he learned in 2016. Number one is the existence of a service called Call Me Baby, which supplies human voices to scams that need them in a variety of languages.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2gIy80l


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 25 November 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US confirms end of Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the White House has confirmed the end of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement as Congressional leaders have indicated they will not pass the trade deal before President Obama leaves office; president-elect Donald Trump repeatedly attacked the deal during the election campaign. EFF assesses the damage in other countries: New Zealand has now passed the implementing legislation required to ratify TPP, including an extension to copyright to author's life plus 70 years. In Japan, the ratifying bill has passed the lower house. Finally, the remaining countries, led by Mexico and Japan, may decide to conclude the agreement without the US.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fIVfHV
EFF: http://bit.ly/2gjLVtV

UK: Parliament passes the Investigatory Powers bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ZDNet reports that the Investigatory Powers bill - also knows as the "Snooper's Charter" - has passed both houses of Parliament and now merely awaits Royal Assent to become law. The law will require internet service providers to store every customer's real-time top-level web history for up to a year; force companies to decrypt data on demand; and allow intelligence agencies to hack into all computer hardware ("bulk equipment interference"). Open Rights Group executive director Jim Killock has called the bill "the most extreme surveillance law ever passed in a democracy". At its blog, ORG cites chapter five of its 2015 report to remind readers that Donald Trump's incoming US administration is likely to have access to all this data, given the close relationship between the NSA and GCHQ. However, the Guardian reports that Germany fears Britain's EU departure plans may cause it to pull out of an EU intelligence-sharing program intended to combat terrorism and promote security. Computer Weekly notes that opposing organizations include the National Union of Journalists and that the legal challenge mounted by the MPs Tom Watson and David Davis (now withdrawn) against the bill's predecessor, the Data Protection and Investigatory Powers Act, is still pending in the European Court of Justice.
ZDNet: http://zd.net/2fse15p
ORG: http://bit.ly/2fVyByW
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2g7TpAU
CW: http://bit.ly/2fIYQp9

Cameroon: Government launches campaign against social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that the government of Cameroon has launched a campaign against social media; the government-controlled Cameroon Tribune has called social media "a threat to peace and a secret instrument of manipulation". After a recent train derailment, pictures and videos of the accident were being posted on Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms while the government was still denying the accident had taken place.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2fVpTRf

Russian hackers target US political NGOs and think tanks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Security journalist Brian Krebs reports that according to a report from the DC-based cyber incident response firm Volexity, shortly after Donald Trump became the presumptive US president-elect, the Russian "The Dukes" hacker gang launched a series of targeted phishing campaigns against American political think tanks and NGOs. The Dukes is best known for hacking into computer networks at the US Democratic National Committee. Volexity provides the details of the five waves of attacks so far but notes they are ongoing; the firm believes the hackers are working to gain long-term access to the networks of the groups they're targeting.
Krebs: http://bit.ly/2gEbLgj
Volexity: http://bit.ly/2fVBBLC

Facebook gears up to fight fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that a week after denying that fake news could influence voters - and a few days after the German Justice Minister indicates that he believes Facebook should be regulated like a media company - Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced initiatives to tackle the dissemination of misinformation on his company's platform. A Buzzfeed analysis found that fake election news stories outperformed real news on Facebook. Buzzfeed also reports that teens in the Balkans are duping Trump supporters with fake news. At Medium, ethnographer Christine Xu compares the state of fake news and propaganda in the US and China, where the media are so distrusted that misinformation is easily spread via family and friends. Monday Note editor Frederic Filloux analyses the way the mainstream media's changed business model helped drive Donald Trump to the presidency. The New York Times reports that meanwhile Facebook has been developing software to enable a third party to suppress posts in individuals' news feeds in specific geographic areas; the initiative is believed to be intended to give the company access to the Chinese market. The Verge reports that Facebook has acquired Crowdtangle, a software company whose products were being used by journalists to track the spread of fake news, and also that a list of "fake news sites" compiled by Massachusetts journalism professor Melissa Zimdar, rapidly publicized by major news organizations, included many satire and parody websites, as well as Private Eye's own site and, reports IB Times, Breitbart.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fsmxkO
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2gpWOLM
Buzzfeed (outperformance): http://bzfd.it/2fbrBi4
Buzzfeed (Macedonia): http://bzfd.it/2gjUPaI
Monday Note: http://bit.ly/2fJcyIH
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2fsp5zb
Verge: http://bit.ly/2gjRrwv
IBTimes: http://bit.ly/2fVCaoV

Regulating smart cars
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the Center for Democracy and Technology, Joseph Jerome discusses how smart cars should be regulated. The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is charged with regulating motor vehicle safety, but privacy and cyber security lie outside its realm of experience and expertise, and it has sent mixed signals about whether it reviews these as safety issues. Also potentially involved are the Federal Trade Commission, whose consumer protection mandate includes privacy, and the Federal Communications Commission, which has the power to regulate technologies, such as broadband, that it designates as telecommunications services. Jerome hopes the three will collaborate effectively.
CDT: http://bit.ly/2gpSXi9

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Code programmers are ashamed of writing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium, Bill Sourour discusses code he remains ashamed of having written and urges other programmers to think about the effects of their code before they write it. The post has set off myriad confessions from programmers about the unethical and illegal things they've been asked to do, which Business Insider summarizes. Many argue that ethics should be included in computer science and programming courses. Sourour was originally inspired to write his post by the video of Bob Martin's talk "The Future of Programming".
Medium: http://bit.ly/2gpW89a
BusinessInsider: http://read.bi/2fbqKOp
YouTube (Martin): http://bit.ly/2fVHI2L

Internet freedom under pressure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Freedom House studies the state of app and social media crackdowns worldwide. In the interests of blocking access, 15 governments worldwide have shut down the entire internet or mobile network. Among the key findings for 2016: for the sixth consecutive year internet freedom has declined; 67% of internet users live in countries which censor criticism of the government, military, or ruling family; 38 countries (27%) have made arrests based on social media postings; secure, speedy apps like WhatsApp are increasingly the target of government action. The worst-scoring countries for internet freedom are China, Iran, Syria, and Ethiopia. Online Censorship's report covering April to November 2016 finds increasing numbers of complaints about politically-motivated censorship, much of it pertaining to the US election.
Freedom House: http://bit.ly/2fvarKW
Online Censorship (PDF): http://bit.ly/2fVDSXl

Liberia: Lessons from the attack that may not have happened
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now discusses the recent reports that the entire country of Liberia was taken offline by a botnet attack. Security researchers, officials, and Access Now's local partners all have reported no effective decline in connectivity. However, given that connectivity to Liberia and many other countries on the West coast of Africa is primarily supplied by a single submarine cable, Access Now argues that much greater attention needs to be paid to resilience and that we need to make it harder to shut down the internet. Steve Song discusses the costs of data connections in Africa, noting that it costs more to get data from Africa's interior countries to the coast than it does the rest of the way to Europe.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2fVDtUx
Song: http://bit.ly/2gl4iCt

Ethics all the way down
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this TED talk video, Zeynep Tufecki argues that machine intelligence can fail in ways that humans won't predict and that therefore we can't outsource our decisions to machines: "It's ethics all the way down." In a podcast discussion at O'Reilly Radar, data scientist Hilary Mason makes similar points while discussing current research projects at her company Fast Forward Labs and the barriers to adopting AI.
TED: http://bit.ly/2fvaZjP
O'Reilly: http://oreil.ly/2fbBlJc

Children's rights and data protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE Media Policy Project, Ghent professor Eva Lievens discusses the impact of the new General Data Protection Regulation on children's rights. Among her concerns are the provisions requiring parental consent for children under 16; treating children over that age as adults with respect to data processing; and the omission of age-related concerns from the many other articles in the regulation. Ghent will begin a four-year research project to evaluate this law critically and monitor its implementation on children, and Lievens urges other researchers to help provide an in-depth, evidence-based understanding of how children's right to privacy and data protection should be protected.
LSE: http://bit.ly/2gEhGSt


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Digital Democracy workshop
November 27, 2016
London, England
The Digital Democracy afternoon workshop, a collaboration of Cybersalon and the Digital Liberties Register, will explore digital deliberation and how to design online participatory processes that work for and empower everyone.
http://bit.ly/2gl7z4w

Latin America in a Glimpse
----------------------------------------
December 5, 2016
Guadalajara, Mexico
Derechos Digitales, IFEX-ALC, and Coding Rights (Brazil) will present a summary of the most important trends of the past year in digital rights in Latin America. The roundtable discussions are intended to help the international community to connect and better understand the reality of human rights on the internet in Latin America. Main topics will be digital surveillance and the right to be forgotten.
http://bit.ly/2g83opK

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://www.ieee-security.org/TC/SP2017/index.html

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

***

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 November 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US elects Donald Trump as 45th president
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In the wake of Donald Trump's election as US president, the Guardian reports that Facebook is being accused of spreading misinformation and "fake news". Two weeks ago, the New York Times critiqued the methods used by the USC/LA Times poll to explain why two unusual weightings made it the only outlier that consistently predicted Trump's victory. CS Monitor summarises what's known about the president-elect's likely cyber security policies. EFF blogs that Trump's victory ends all chance of passing the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, but warns that other countries are still passing the necessary supporting legislation, and therefore the impact of the copyright provisions will remain. At The Intercept, Glenn Greenwald writes angrily about the failure of Western institutions and elites to take seriously the suffering of those left out of their comfort zone.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fH8XhL
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2eJdb3V
CS Monitor: http://bit.ly/2fHFHUb
EFF: http://bit.ly/2fHIP40
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2eYyxuZ

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg under investigation in Germany
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that Munich prosecutors are investigating Mark Zuckerberg and other Facebook executives over a complaint that Facebook has failed to remove 438 hate speech and seditious postings that are contrary to German law. Similar charges have already been dismissed by the Hamburg court, but Bavaria may take a different view.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2fCMkbG

UAE surveillance contractor recruits hackers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
BoingBoing reports that the UAE-based company DarkMatter, which describes itself as a major state security contractor, has been bombarding sophisticated security experts with recruitment emails. Near-hires say the job is weaponising zero-day vulnerabilities so the UAE can carry out fine-grained surveillance against its citizens. DarkMatter, which has poached staff from companies like Google, Qualcomm, McAfee, and encrypted messaging service Wickr, denies the claims. BoingBoing notes that DarkMatter is believed to have hired the team that carried out the Stealth Falcon attack on journalists.
BoingBoing: http://bit.ly/2fWBZLt

UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal challenged in European Court of Justice
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Rights Watch reports that it and six individuals have taken a challenge to the European Court of Justice to demand that the UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal confirm whether or not the individuals were subject to surveillance by GCHQ, as well as whether the surveillance was lawful. The case is based on claims filed with the tribunal in 2015; in that case, the tribunal dismissed the claims of individuals not resident in the UK and issued a "no determination" ruling for the rest. Meanwhile, The Register reports that the Investigatory Powers Bill has completed its passage through Parliament but Royal Assent is being delayed for a week. At issue is an amendment that would force press to join the government-approved regulator created after the phone hacking scandals.
HRW: http://bit.ly/2fH9Fvb
Register: http://bit.ly/2fH3DLk

Iceland: Pirate Party wins ten parliamentary seats
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that Iceland's Pirate Party came in second in the country's October 30 general election, giving it ten parliamentary seats out of 63. The Register adds that the Pirate Party has, however, rejected the offer of a seat in the coalition government the conservative Independent Party will now form, saying it is "looking to make a change, not to gain power".
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2eYCS16
Register: http://bit.ly/2fq2lRD

CJEU rules that IP addresses can be personal data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled that dynamic IP addresses - that is, Internet Protocol addresses assigned temporarily, for example by a mobile network operator - can be personal data. German Pirate Party politician Patrick Breyer had brought an action asking the courts to issue an injunction preventing websites from collecting and storing his dynamic IP address so that German authorities could not build up a picture of his interests. CJEU ruled that such IP addresses could be personal data if the website in question had additional information that allowed it to identify individuals. In its blog, the Bird & Bird legal firm discusses the judgment in detail, and says the ruling may have substantial impact on analytics and other standard industry practices.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2ePdwFv


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Brazil: The battle for encryption
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Privacy International discusses the situation regarding encryption in Brazil, where WhatsApp has been asked to disable its encryption to aid criminal investigations even though no law limits the use of encryption. The core of the investigations is being kept secret; however, draft bills legalising blocking applications such as frequent target WhatsApp are under debate in the National Congress.
PI: http://bit.ly/2g2p226

The internet is loosening our grip on the truth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this New York Times article, Farhad Manjoo argues that the internet is loosening our grip on the truth, using the just-concluded "fact-free" US presidential election as Exhibit A. Manjoo weighs studies of the internet's echo chamber effect, and finds that even documentary proof is losing its power to persuade, while lies have become institutionalised despite the rise of a mass of fact-checking sites. Manjoo does not consider the wider influence of partisan mass media.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2fpX5xv

Principles for countering violent extremism online
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now introduces a policy guide for proposals to prevent or counter violent extremism online. Such proposals are "a minefield for human rights", and risk blocking satire, political protest, journalism, and community activism; they also risk undermining existing law protecting freedom of expression and privacy. The guide offers principles and recommendations.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2eJbIun

The future of open education
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the E-Learn blog, Willem van Valkenburg discusses the future of open education, comparing and contrasting US and European strategies. The US has converged on Open Textbooks, while Europe has diverged in the direction of open science, which van Valkenburg describes as a much broader process of opening up universities. He suggests that the US strategy will have the bigger short-term impact but that over the longer term Open Science will have a much broader impact on society.
E-Learn: http://bit.ly/2fWzOHX

How open data won the Leave campaign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this BBC news report, Laura Kuenssberg looks back at Britain's Leave campaign and discovers that Vote Leave hired physicists, data experts, and digital specialists to build its own tools in order to mine publicly available data in new and sophisticated ways. The resulting Voter Information Collection System was able to pinpoint exactly which doors to knock on, tightly focussing the online Leave campaign and "win the data war" that most in Westminster had no idea was underway.
BBC: http://bbc.in/2fH3OpY

How the web became unreadable
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, MicroFormats co-founder Kevin Marks analyses the rise across the web of skinny, grey, low-contrast type that is unreadable to most people. Marks explains contrast ratios and traces the fad to the Typography Handbook and other design advice which promote the view that too much contrast induces eyestrain. In a new large-scale usability study, Nielsen-Norman Group finds that the usability errors they first identified in 1996 continue in 2016 to frustrate users.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2eJdVpo
NNGroup: http://bit.ly/2fWCsgM


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights
----------------------------------------
November 14-16, 2016
Geneva, Switzerland
Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.
http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9

Data Transparency Lab
----------------------------------------
November 16-19, 2016
New York, NY
This conference incorporates three colocated events. DTL will explore topics such as transparency, the ad blocking arms race, and privacy metrics. Fairness and Accountability in Machine Learning will bring together a growing community of researchers and practitioners. Finally, The Workshop on Data and Algorithmic Transparency will convene an emerging interdisciplinary community that seeks transparency and oversight of data-driven algorithmic systems through empirical research.
http://bit.ly/2eGJMb2

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

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