Results tagged “OSFISD digest” from The Other Glass

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 15, 2019

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The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: DataKind UK, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, EFF, The Engine Room, Epicenter.works, HRDAG, PIJIP, Privacy International, R3D, Wikimedia.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
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German regulator prohibits Facebook from merging data
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The German antitrust regulator, Budeskartellamt, has concluded a three-year investigation by requiring Facebook to cease forcing users to agree to the company's practice of pooling their data with data from third-party apps, including its subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram, Douglas Busvine reports for Reuters. Facebook will appeal the decision. At Politico, Laura Kayali studies internal European Commission emails and written accounts of private meetings from 2015 to 2018 to expose Facebook's strategy for opposing any form of EU regulation of its businesses.
https://in.mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idINKCN1PW0SW
https://www.politico.eu/article/inside-story-facebook-fight-against-european-regulation/

EU nears final agreement on copyright reform
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The Council of Europe has adopted a common position on the reformed EU Copyright Directive that includes more extreme versions of the controversial Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter"), the MEP Julia Reda reports. France and Germany have reached a compromise over the opposition of Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovakia in which sites are only exempt if they are less than three years old, have an annual turnover of under Ä10 million, and have fewer than 5 million unique visitors per month. At press time, the trilogue stage was awaiting completion. EDRi reports that the final plenary vote in Parliament will take place in March or April, before the May elections. At Wikimedia, Dimitar Dimitrov and Allison Davenport explain why Wikimedia opposes the proposed reforms. At EFF, Cory Doctorow finds that everyone hates the new compromise.
https://juliareda.eu/2019/02/council-worst-article-13/
https://edri.org/copyright-franco-german-tandem-strikes-dangerous-deal-on-article-13/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/02/07/problems-remain-with-the-eus-copyright-reform/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/german-french-deal-rescue-eu-copyright-directive-everyone-hates-it-everyone

Apple blocks Google and Facebook internal apps for policy violations
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Apple temporarily blocked Google and Facebook from distributing internal iOS apps because they violated Apple's distribution policy, Tom Warren reports at The Verge. As part of its enterprise program, Apple allows companies to develop apps for internal use, but bars them from distributing those apps to consumers. At Recode, Kurt Wagner explains that Facebook abused the program to publish a "research" app that paid users as young as 13 to track their app history, private messages, and location data.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/31/18205795/apple-google-blocked-internal-ios-apps-developer-certificate
https://www.recode.net/2019/1/30/18203231/apple-banning-facebook-research-app

Bell Canada sought to ban VPNs in NAFTA negotiations
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As part of the negotiations to reform the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Bell Canada urged the government to ban VPNs "used for the purpose of circumventing copyright", Michael Geist reports at his blog. In its submission to the negotiations, uncovered by The Wire Report, Bell also advocated adopting methods "such as the site-blocking regimes required in Europe".
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/01/bell-urged-canadian-government-to-ban-some-vpn-services-in-nafta-submission/

UK: Leeds tribunal rules Hermes couriers are employees
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In a case expected to have widespread consequences for "gig economy" workers and supported by Britain's general trade union, GMB, an employment tribunal in Leeds has ruled that a group of 65 Hermes couriers are entitled to be treated as employees instead of independent contractors, Haroon Siddique reports at the Guardian. The ruling will entitle all 14,500 Hermes couriers in the UK to receive minimum wage and holiday pay, and to reclaim deductions taken from their wages on the basis that they were self-employed.
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jun/25/hermes-couriers-are-workers-not-self-employed-tribunal-rules

World Trade Organization launches ecommerce talks
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Ministers from 76 countries including the US, China, the EU, and Japan, have launched talks to negotiate a framework for ecommerce, valued in 2016 at $27.7 trillion globally, Reuters reports. In response, Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD) has published a resolution urging negotiators  not to interfere with digital rights. Among TACD's recommendations: ensure meaningful transparency and proactive engagement with all stakeholders, including citizens; focus on protections and rights for consumers; and do not use trade deals to tackle problems they're not suited for, such as cybersecurity, Internet of Things, AI, network neutrality, or data protection.
http://www.asianage.com/technology/in-other-news/270119/76-wto-members-pushing-for-new-e-commerce-rules.html
http://tacd.org/tacd-urges-wto-negotiators-not-to-interfere-with-digital-rights/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
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Singapore and South Africa enhance creators' rights
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In this posting at Infojustice, Sean Flynn, the associate director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP), outlines the state of copyright law in Singapore, which recently released a report on copyright reform, and South Africa, where the first and most important house of the legislature has recently passed a copyright reform bill. Singapore proposes to eliminate one of the five factors for its fair use test and copy South Africa in focusing on the rights of individual creators. South Africa's bill answers creators' demands for exceptions to enable the right to create, shift the default ownership of new copyrights to the author rather than the commissioner, and provide protection against abuse and exploitation by collective management organizations.
http://infojustice.org/archives/40806

Human rights groups call on United Nations to sever Palantir partnership
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In this open letter, human and digital rights organizations including EDRi, Derechos Digitales, DataKind UK, The Engine Room, R3D, Privacy International, and the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG), ask the United Nations World Food Program to reconsider its decision to partner with Palantir. At issue are Palantir's data practices, pricing model, and opacity, as well as the lack of transparency and accountability surrounding the procurement decision. At IRIN, Ben Parker explains what is known about the $45 million partnership.
https://responsibledata.io/2019/02/08/open-letter-to-wfp-re-palantir-agreement/
https://www.irinnews.org/news/2019/02/05/un-palantir-deal-data-mining-protection-concerns-wfp

US: Michael Bloomberg builds anti-Trump data operation
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In this article at the Atlantic, Edward-Isaac Dovere outlines the data-centric political operation to take down Donald Trump in the 2020 US presidential election that Michael Bloomberg is spending hundreds of millions of dollars to create. Bloomberg has yet to decide whether to run, but his "all the data" "tech stack" could nonetheless become the biggest and most powerful political organization in the US.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/01/bloomberg-building-data-organization-crush-trump/581710/

The age of surveillance capitalism
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In this video clip from the 2019 Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, Harvard Business School professor Shoshana Zuboff discusses her new book, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, with Giovanni Buttarelli, Gary Davis, Andrea Renda, Paul Nemitz, and Julie E. Cohen. At The Baffler, Evgeny Morozov provides a long critique of Zuboff's book. Other significant session videos posted by CPDP present panels on the US CLOUD Act and electronic evidence, regulating AI, and blockchain and the General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKnkSm6EF1Y
https://thebaffler.com/latest/capitalisms-new-clothes-morozov
https://www.youtube.com/user/CPDPConferences/videos

China emphasizes AI for military and economic leadership
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In this article at Center for a New American Security, Gregory C. Allen explores China's AI strategy and its implications for national security. Among his key points: China's leaders believe that leadership in AI is crucial for military and economic power, and is intent on reducing its dependence on foreign technology. The country also favors the development of new norms and sees increased military use as inevitable.
https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/understanding-chinas-ai-strategy

Zero-rating Facebook raises wireless data prices
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In this article at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes a study of 30 European countries, conducted by Epicenter.works, that finds that countries that allow Facebook to operate its "zero rating" program end up paying more for wireless data. The scheme encourages wireless carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services such as the open web, giving Facebook and other big incumbents control of an increasingly non-competitive market.
https://boingboing.net/2019/02/08/zuckergarchs.html


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DIARY
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If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
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February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
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March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
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March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
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March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
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April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFFís well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
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April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
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April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a ìjust and equal information societyî for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
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April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
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April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
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May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
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May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
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May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
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May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
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May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of ìshrinking spaceî varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
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May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
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May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
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May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
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May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
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June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
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June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
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June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
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June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
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June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
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July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
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August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
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November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
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November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 25, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, La Quadrature du Net, NOYB, Privacy International.

NEWS
=====

French data protection regulator fines Google €50 million
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In response to a complaint lodged by La Quadrature du Net and NOYB, the French data protection regulator, CNIL, has fined Google €50 million, the BBC reports. CNIL ruled that Google has not obtained clear consent and makes it hard for users to fully understand how the company processes their data. Meanwhile, NOYB has announced that it has filed ten strategic complaints with the Austrian data protection authority against Amazon, Apple, the German video streaming service DAZN, the video on demand service Flimmit, Netflix, SoundCloud, Spotify, and Google subsidiary YouTube over their non-compliance with the GDPR's subject access rights requirements.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46944696
https://noyb.eu/access_streaming/

EU: Copyright reform stalls at near-final stage
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The planned January 21 meeting to conclude trilogue-stage negotiations over reforming the EU's 2001 Copyright Directive has been canceled, Cory Doctorow reports at BoingBoing. A pause of more than a few days will delay the legislation - including the widely-opposed Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter") - until after the May 2019 Parliamentary elections. At her website, MEP Julia Reda tracks the state of play. The CREATe copyright research project has a detailed timeline of the legislation.
https://boingboing.net/2019/01/19/axel-voss-hostage-freed.html/amp
https://juliareda.eu/eu-copyright-reform/
https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/#timeline

Venezuela: Government seeks sovereignty over cyberspace
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Leaks indicate that the Venezuelan government is about to introduce the Constitutional Law of Cyberspace of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the Constituent National Assembly (ANC), a legislative body organized by the Maduro government, and whose legitimacy is disputed, Access Now reports. The proposed bill would declare sovereignty over all use of cyberspace and require messaging services to censor content and legitimize tools, policies, rules, and preventive actions to "counteract hate" on the internet, while establishing discretionary control over "critical infrastructure".
https://www.accessnow.org/a-bill-in-venezuela-seeks-to-give-the-government-absolute-control-over-the-internet/

Amazon uses customer data to build advertising business
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Based on its database of customer transactions, Amazon is building an advertising business that is already worth $125 billion and is gaining ground on Facebook and Google, Karen Weise reports at the New York Times. Like other ad networks, Amazon tracks users across the web, serving ads on behalf of its ad-buying customers, but unlike others it knows exactly what its retail customers buy, where they live, and what credit cards they use.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/20/technology/amazon-ads-advertising.html

Zimbabwe: High Court orders restoration of internet access
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Zimbabwe's High Court has ordered the government to restore unrestricted internet access in the country on the basis that only President Emmerson Mnangagwa has the authority to issue such a directive, not the security minister who ordered the closure, the Associated Press reports. The government ordered the shutdown last week during protests in the capital, Harare, against fuel price hikes; it restored partial access over the weekend, but social media sites such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter remained blocked.
https://www.actionnewsjax.com/news/world/the-latest-zimbabwe-court-rules-internet-shutdown-illegal/907708994

European Court of Justice rules right to be forgotten applies only in EU
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The advocate general of the European Court of Justice has issued a preliminary opinion that Europe's "right to be forgotten", which requires search engines to remove links to information about people under certain circumstances, should only be enforceable within the EU, Owen Bowcott reports for the Guardian. The ruling relates to a case in which the French data protection regulator, CNIL, fined Google €100,000 for failing to remove an individual's name from search results on all its domains worldwide. At the Guardian, Daniel Boffey reports that a Dutch surgeon has won a legal action to de-link a website containing an unofficial doctors' blacklist that her name appeared on after a disciplinary action against her, setting an important precedent.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/10/right-to-be-forgotten-by-google-should-apply-only-in-eu-says-court
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/dutch-surgeon-wins-landmark-right-to-be-forgotten-case-google


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Risks of metadata in the humanitarian sector
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In this report commissioned by the International Committee of the Red Cross, Privacy International aims to help people working in the humanitarian sector understand the risks raised by the metadata generated by smartphones, smartcards, mobile cash, messaging apps, and social media, as well as by their own fraud-monitoring systems.
https://privacyinternational.org/report/2509/humanitarian-metadata-problem-doing-no-harm-digital-era

Crimea: Russian annexation reroutes Internet infrastructure
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In this video clip of her talk from the Chaos Computer Club's 35th Congress (35C3) held in December 2018, Xenia recounts her work at Citizen Lab studying the "soft substitutions" made to internet infrastructure in Crimea after its annexation by Russia in 2014. Over the course of a year, Crimea's Ukrainian ISPs were forced to become Russian businesses, and Crimea's routing was transitioned to new cabling and a more centralized infrastructure and monopolistic market, changing the quality, speed, price, and censorship applied to the service received by Crimean end users. Xenia also considers the role played by server-side geoblocking by online payment platforms, Google Play, Apple, and others. In other 35C3 talks, Frederike Kaltheuner and Christopher Weatherhead explain how Facebook tracks Android users whether or not they have Facebook accounts, and Antonia Hmaidi provides a technically-grounded discussion of the Chinese social credit system, which currently has more than 70 pilots, and its potential impact on society and the economy.
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9864-a_routing_interregnum_internet_infrastructure_transition_in_crimea_after_russian_annexation
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9941-how_facebook_tracks_you_on_android
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9904-the_social_credit_system

Anti-misinformation actions around the world
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On this page at the Poynter Institute, Daniel Funke provides weekly updates on the state of actions - both legal and otherwise - against misinformation around the world. The most recent updates include new entries for Cameroon, where the law against reporting news without being able to prove it's true has seen journalists imprisoned; Kazakhstan, where two criminal investigations are in progress; Rwanda, where a blogger has been arrested for questioning the state's narrative on the 1994 genocide; and Sri Lanka, where mobile phone networks and social media platforms have been shut down to slow the spread of violence-provoking misinformation.  The list does not include corporate actions; at the Guardian, Alex Hern reports that WhatsApp is expanding its block on forwarding messages to more than five individuals or groups from India, intended to fight the spread of misinformation, to the rest of the world.
https://www.poynter.org/fact-checking/2019/a-guide-to-anti-misinformation-actions-around-the-world
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/whatsapp-limits-message-forwarding-fight-fake-news

Bahrain, Egypt, Vietnam: Cybercrime laws provide excuse for online rights violation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Open Global Rights, Wafa Ben-Hassine and Dima Samaro look at the oppressive laws in Bahrain and Egypt that are translating offline restrictions on freedom of expression and street protests into online measures, often via laws purporting to stop cybercrime. Article 7 of Egypt's 2018 Cybercrime Law legalizes blocking websites, and it and similar laws facilitate and legalize mass surveillance by both domestic and foreign governments. Reuters reports that the Vietnamese government has accused Facebook of operating illegally under the country's new cybersecurity law, which came into force on January 1, 2019.
https://www.openglobalrights.org/restricting-cybersecurity-violating-human-rights/?lang=English
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-facebook/vietnam-says-facebook-violated-controversial-cybersecurity-law-idUSKCN1P30AJ

France: Facebook fuels "gilet jaunes" protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Monday Note, Frederic Filloux discusses Facebook's contribution to the French "gilets jaunes" protests. In numerous street interviews, Filloux found that nearly everyone he spoke to said they relied on Facebook for real-time updates on the protests. Filloux concludes that banning Facebook now would only make things worse.
https://mondaynote.com/how-facebook-is-fueling-the-french-populist-rage-27a86acb9d85

China turns domestic censorship onto the rest of the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Technology Review, James Griffiths cites work at Citizen Lab in outlining the methods China is using to turn its internal censorship onto the rest of the world. Among them are DDoS attacks, phishing attacks, and malware deployed for purposes of both spying and sabotage turned against targets such as Github, the Marriott hotel chain, and the Tibetan exile community, as well as attacks on services used to avoid sending attachments, such as Google Drive. The Guardian has a comparison of life online under censorship in China, India, Cuba, and Russia. At the New York Times, Paul Mozur reports that China is cracking down on social media use even though WhatsApp, Google, Facebook, and Twitter are all blocked in the country.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612638/when-chinese-hackers-declared-war-on-the-rest-of-us/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ng-interactive/2019/jan/11/the-internet-but-not-as-we-know-it-life-online-in-china-russia-cuba-and-india
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/10/business/china-twitter-censorship-online.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 January 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, IREX, La Quadrature du Net.

NEWS
=====

Australia seeks to curb power of Google and Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission has recommended creating a new regulatory authority with the power to command Google and Facebook to disclose how they adapt their algorithms to rank and display content, report Anne Davies and Amanda Meade at the Guardian. The ACCC did not call for breaking up the two companies, but did suggest tax incentives to encourage media companies that engage in public interest journalism.
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2018/dec/10/facebook-and-google-face-crackdown-on-market-power-in-australia-accc

Amazon consolidates government influence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Amazon executive Anne Rung privately advised the US government on the approach it should take to create a new internet portal that will give the company a dominant role in US government procurement, Stephanie Kirchgaesser reports at the Guardian. Despite US president Donald Trump's frequently hostile tweets at Amazon founding CEO Jeff Bezos, the company has amassed considerable power within the government.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/26/amazon-anne-rung-government-services-authority

European Parliament proposes censorship hand-off to Facebook and Google
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Parliament is citing security and stopping terrorism as the reason its calling for Facebook and Google to automate content detection and removal, reports La Quadrature du Net, which along with 58 other organizations has denounced the proposal. At EDRi, Yannic Blaschke reports that United Nations Special Rapporteurs David Kaye, Joseph Cannataci, and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin have raised serious human rights concerns about the scheme. At the New York Times, Max Fisher's study of leaked Facebook moderation rules finds self-interest, biases, and outright errors. Meanwhile, the Guardian finds that, contrary to popular belief, Facebook's Instagram was even more effective for Russian election interference than other social media sites.
https://www.laquadrature.net/en/2018/12/12/european-parliament-calls-for-automated-and-private-censorship-of-the-web-for-security-purposes/
https://edri.org/terrorist-content-regulation-warnings-from-the-un-and-the-coe/
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/27/world/facebook-moderators.html
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/18/instagram-facebook-russian-propaganda-ira

YouTube remains a key vector for conspiracy theories
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Conspiracy theories, false claims, and hate continue to circulate on Google's YouTube more than a year after the company promised to curb "problematic" videos, the Washington Post reports. Users on social media sites popular among hate groups such as 4chan and Gab.ai link to YouTube more than any other site. At Buzzfeed, Charlie Warzel complains that 2018's many Congressional hearings summoning Silicon Valley executives asked poorly-informed questions and made little progress.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/technology/hateful-conspiracies-thrive-on-youtube-despite-pledge-to-clean-up-problematic-videos/2018/12/10/625730a8-f3f8-11e8-9240-e8028a62c722_story.html
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/charliewarzel/google-congress-testimony-worthless

Cyber attack cripples US newspapers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A late December malware infection caused major disruption to printing and distribution of numerous US newspapers that share a production platform, including the LA Times and the Wall Street Journal, Reuters reports. The attack is thought to have come from outside the US.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-cyber-latimes/cyber-attack-hits-u-s-newspaper-distribution-idUSKCN1OT01O

Sudan blocks social media to end protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In December Sudan shut down social media access via mobile networks in an attempt to quiet protests against rising inflation, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. NetBlocks estimates the cost of the shutdown to the Sudanese economy at $7.5 million per day.
https://qz.com/africa/1510229/sudan-shuts-down-facebook-twitter-instagram-amid-bread-protests/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Opening the commons
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist considers Garrett Hardin's "Tragedy of the Commons" and the economic analyses it inspired and concludes that when it comes to intellectual property we are underestimating the power of the commons and the economic value of openness. At Public Domain Review, Adam Green picks the highlights of new works passing into the public domain in 2019 around the world, and celebrates new works entering the public domain in the US for the first time in 20 years (following a hiatus caused by 1998's copyright term extension).
https://www.economist.com/open-future/2018/12/12/the-fight-to-keep-ideas-open-to-all
https://publicdomainreview.org/collections/class-of-2019/

New strategies for progressive funders
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting for Non-Profit AF, Vu Le argues that progressive funders in the US must learn from the strategies used by their conservative counterparts, who have consolidated their influence to shape the media and all three branches of the US government. Left-wing funders, he says, have generally thought too narrowly, failed to trust their grantees, lack diversity, and avoid engagement in policy and politics.
http://nonprofitaf.com/2018/12/10-things-progressive-funders-must-learn-from-conservative-ones-or-we-are-all-screwed/

Technology companies and antitrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video from the Internet Society, Tim Wu, author of The Curse of Bigness, argues that the US has allowed an oligopolistic concentration of power in the large technology companies. In debate, Rob Atkinson, author of Big Is Beautiful, argues that we need big US companies' innovation if we don't want to be dominated by Chinese companies, and outgoing FTC commissioner Terrell McSweeney rebuts that relying on these companies as the only way forward is a mistake and opening data is a key preventive. On his long-form podcast, Joe Rogan gets Lawrence Lessig talking about antitrust and the corrupting influence of money in US politics,
https://livestream.com/internetsociety/12days03/videos/185190103
http://podcasts.joerogan.net/podcasts/lawrence-lessig

The internet of fakes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at New York Magazine, Max Read surveys the internet and finds that a startling amount of it is fake: web traffic metrics, accounts, businesses, content, politics, and ultimately ourselves, too. At the Jakarta Post, Frédéric Garlan profiles a start-up's restricted-access tool for searching the dark web.
https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2018/12/how-much-of-the-internet-is-fake.html
https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2018/12/30/french-start-up-offers-dark-web-compass-but-not-for-everyone.html

Data-driven border security changes the nature of citizenship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Boston Review, Matthew Longo argues that the new data-driven paradigm for border security is ending citizenship as we know it. The shift to maximal checks for all comers requires a high degree of trust in data sharing and means perceived risk matters more than citizenship. At the EDRi blog, Yannic Blaschke argues that digital rights are a security issue and encroachments provide a vector for attacks.
https://bostonreview.net/law-justice/matthew-longo-surrendering-citizenship-border
https://edri.org/digital-rights-as-a-security-objective-new-gateways-for-attacks/

Ukraine: media literacy training proves effective
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Slate, Lisa Guernsey asks whether Learn to Discern, a media literacy program that appears to be working well in the Ukraine, could prove effective in the US. The program, which ran in 2016-2017, attracted 15,000 working adults to half-day sessions led by 450 recruited trainees, who were given discretion in choosing their material. In a limited 2018 follow-up study, the program's creator, IREX, a nonprofit education organization with international reach, found that Learn to Discern participants performed better than their peers at understanding the source of news and detecting disinformation, and were more likely to cross-check sources.
https://slate.com/technology/2018/05/can-a-media-literacy-program-that-is-working-in-ukraine-also-help-the-u-s.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ShmooCon 2019
----------------------------------------
January 18-20, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
ShmooCon is an annual east coast hacker convention hell-bent on offering three days of an interesting atmosphere for demonstrating technology exploitation, inventive software and hardware solutions, and open discussions of critical infosecurity issues. The first day is a single track of speed talks called One Track Mind. The next two days bring three tracks: Build It, Belay It, and Bring It On.
https://www.shmoocon.org/

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 December 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Amnesty International, EFF, mySociety, PIJIP, ReCreate

NEWS
=====

US authorities arrest Huawei CFO for trading with Iran
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the request of US authorities, Huawei chief financial officer Meng Wanzhou was arrested at Vancouver airport on December 1, the Vancouver Star reports. Based on allegations made by the Eastern District of New York and Reuters' examination of corporate records, Meng is accused of lying about the links between Huawei and Skycom, a company whose purpose is to do business with Iran in contravention of the sanctions the US has imposed since 1979. The case is part of an expanding atmosphere of distrust of Huawei; the Guardian reports that governments in the US, New Zealand, and Australia have already blocked the use of the company's equipment for their 5G networks, and on the advice of MI6 British Telecom is removing Huawei equipment from key areas of its 4G network.
https://www.thestar.com/vancouver/2018/12/07/what-to-expect-at-wanzhou-mengs-bail-hearing.html
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-huawei-skycom/exclusive-huawei-cfo-linked-to-firm-that-offered-hp-gear-to-iran-idUSBRE90U0CC20130131
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/05/bt-removing-huawei-equipment-from-parts-of-4g-network

Parliamentarians question Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On November 27, an unprecedented international committee comprising representatives of the UK, France, Latvia, Argentina, Canada, Ireland, Belgium, Brazil, and Singapore question House of Lords member Richard Allan, Facebook's vice-president of policy solutions, and former Federal Trade Commission technical expert Ashkan Soltani, about Facebook's dissemination of disinformation and fake news. The conflicting testimonies offer the clearest inside look to date at Facebook's operation. At the Guardian, Sam Levin reports on the cache of documents Parliament obtained from a plaintiff in a California lawsuit, used to inform its questions. These show that Facebook sought to shut down rising competitors, minimize bad publicity when it was caught collecting phone data, avoid the Android permissions system in order to access users' phone logs, and give special data access to selected companies such as Airbnb, Lyft, and Netflix.
https://www.parliament.uk/business/committees/committees-a-z/commons-select/digital-culture-media-and-sport-committee/news/grand-committee-evidence-17-19/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/dec/05/facebook-documents-uk-parliament-key-facts

Australia passes anti-encryption legislation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Australian parliament has approved an anti-encryption bill that would grant the government greater powers to compel technology companies to hack people's computers and mobile phones and insert malware and backdoors in order to aid investigations involving serious crime, Zack Whittaker reports at TechCrunch. Despite more than 15,000 submissions to the public consultation, most of them objections, and criticisms from the technology and security communities, both main parties voted for the bill. The bill is part of the Five Eyes - US, UK, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand - pact to push for greater access to encrypted data.  At EFF, Danny O'Brien puts Australia's move into context with the UK's 2018 Investigatory Powers Act and GCHQ's recent announcement that it wants companies to create deceitful user interfaces that hide devices and recipients to whom messages are copied. In a blog posting, cryptographer Steven Murdoch explains the technical methods GCHQ can use to implement this. At the Observer, Jamie Doward reports that GCHQ intends to significantly increase its use of large-scale "equipment interference" (hacking), a power granted to it under the IPA.
https://techcrunch.com/2018/12/05/australia-rushes-its-dangerous-anti-encryption-bill-into-parliament/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/new-fight-online-privacy-and-security-australia-falls-what-happens-next
https://www.benthamsgaze.org/2018/12/06/new-threat-models-in-the-face-of-british-intelligence-and-the-five-eyes-new-end-to-end-encryption-interception-strategy/
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/dec/08/gchq-bulk-hacking-hacking-human-rights-privacy-alarm

South Africa: National Assembly passes fair use copyright exception
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The South African National Assembly has passed the Copyright Amendment bill, which is the first update to South African copyright legislation since 1978, reports the ReCreate coalition of creators and artists. In addition to providing protection for performers, authors, and creators, the bill provides exceptions for fair use, educational and academic activities, and protection for computer programs, libraries, archives, museums, and galleries. The bill now must pass the National Council of Provinces and return to the National Assembly to scrutinize any changes before being passed to the president for signature into law. The Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP) has said the bill's fair use provisions should be a model for the rest of the world.
http://www.polity.org.za/article/dti-the-national-assembly-passed-the-copyright-amendment-bill-the-performers-protection-amendment-bill-and-the-gambling-amendment-bill-2018-12-06
http://infojustice.org/archives/40184

US: Travelers face enhanced and increasingly invasive scrutiny
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Homeland Security plans to use automated facial recognition of travelers to determine who is or is not allowed to travel, writes travel privacy expert Edward Hasbrouck at the Papers, Please blog. Hasbrouck critiques the claims of the DHS in its Privacy Impact Assessment that privacy and human rights risks will be mitigated. At EFF, India McKinney examines the Transportation Security Administration's biometrics roadmap, which will work with Customs and Border Protection to increase collection and screening for all travelers, including Americans traveling domestically, and use the data for other purposes and in other contexts (for example, admission to sports events).
https://papersplease.org/wp/2018/12/03/smile-travelers-youre-on-candid-dhs-cameras/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/12/tsas-roadmap-airport-surveillance-moves-dangerous-direction

China: Government demands location reporting for electric vehicles
----------------------------------------------------------------------
China has called on all manufacturers of electric vehicles to constantly report their location to government-backed monitoring centers, the Associated Press reports. Chinese officials say the information, which is typically sent without the car owners' knowledge, is used to improve public safety, facilitate industrial development and infrastructure planning, and to prevent benefit fraud. Critics believe the information is more detailed than is necessary for those purposes, and could be used to exacerbate surveillance, and to undermine foreign car manufacturers' ability to compete.
https://www.apnews.com/4a749a4211904784826b45e812cff4ca


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Africa: Parliaments, the people, and digital engagement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, mySociety, with the support of PMG (South Africa), EnoughIsEnough (Nigeria), and Africa FOI Centre (Uganda), and assistance from numerous others, studies the use of digital tools for parliamentary openness and engagement in sub-Saharan Africa. The report finds that among the factors that determine success with such tools are conducting thorough in-country scoping exercises in advance; integrating with in-country partners and social media; ensuring ongoing, stable funding; and accepting solutions that may not be replicable elsewhere.
https://research.mysociety.org/sites/parliament-and-the-people/#start

Google's secret Chinese Dragonfly project
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Intercept, Ryan Gallagher finds that in developing the Dragonfly censored search engine, Google top executive for China and Korea Scott Beaumont kept the project deliberately secret from anyone within the company who was not actively working on it, including the privacy and security teams and even, to some extent,  co-founders Larry Page and  Sergey Brin, CEO Sundar Pichai, and legal head Kent Walker. On November 27, a handful of Googlers posted an open letter on Medium joining Amnesty International in calling on the company to cancel the project; by November 30 more than 600 of the company's engineers had signed it.
https://theintercept.com/2018/11/29/google-china-censored-search/
https://medium.com/@googlersagainstdragonfly/we-are-google-employees-google-must-drop-dragonfly-4c8a30c5e5eb

How China walled off the internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Raymond Zhong explains how China created its walled-off, heavily censored version of the internet despite the early 1990s belief that such a thing was impossible. As long as they don't undermine the state, Chinese companies are freer than their American counterparts to experiment, exploit data, and transform daily life. The government retains control by holding stakes in companies and influencing management, and companies protect themselves by making themselves useful to the state.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/11/18/world/asia/china-internet.html

Dude, you broke the future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this transcription and video of his keynote speech from the 2017 Chaos Computer Congress, science fiction author Charles Stross draws on the history of corporations as "very old, very slow AIs" to understand both our present political troubles and how our institutions have been shaped and distorted. Stross posits four dangerous technologies that need to be regulated: weaponization for political purposes of deep learning tools developed for the benefit of web advertisers; neural network-generated false video media; addiction maximizers; and geolocation-aware flash mob apps.
http://www.antipope.org/charlie/blog-static/2018/01/dude-you-broke-the-future.html

UCL research group warns of technology-facilitated abuse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, UCL researcher Simon Parkin offers a summary of a cryptoparty held by the Gender and IoT research team to highlight the use of smartphones, apps, and social media as tools for stalking, harassment, and domestic abuse. Led by Leonie Tanczer, the group has been working to upskill frontline workers and support organizations in digital security. In its most recent report, the group warns of the importance of incorporating awareness of technology-facilitated abuse into support services, risk assessments, and safety plans.
https://www.benthamsgaze.org/2018/12/04/ucl-runs-a-digital-security-training-event-aimed-at-domestic-abuse-support-services/
https://www.ucl.ac.uk/steapp/research/projects/digital-policy-lab/dpl-projects/gender-and-iot/giot-report

Crypto's nouveau riche at sea
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Laurie Penny describes her four days on the 2018 CoinsBank Blockchain Cruise with "an ideological soup of starry-eyed techno-utopians and sketchy-ass crypto-grifters". Lacking sufficient female sign-ups, the cruise company has paid attractive women to act as "hostesses", but, Penny writes, no one is having much fun. No amount of coercion can solve a math problem, one attendee tells her, but equally, she muses, no amount of mathematical logic can get rid of human cruelty.
https://breakermag.com/trapped-at-sea-with-cryptos-nouveau-riche/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

35th Chaos Computer Congress
----------------------------------------
December 27-30, 2018
Leipzig, Germany
The Chaos Communication Congress is the Chaos Computer Club's (CCC) annual symposium and hacker party. During four days between Christmas and New Years Eve, thousands of hackers, technology freaks, artists, and utopians get together in Leipzig to communicate, learn from each other, and party together. The congress focuses on topics such as information technology, digital security, making, and breaking, and engages in creative, skeptical discourse on the interaction between technology and society.
https://events.ccc.de/2018/09/11/35c3-call-for-participation-and-submission-guidelines/

ShmooCon 2019
----------------------------------------
January 18-20, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
ShmooCon is an annual east coast hacker convention hell-bent on offering three days of an interesting atmosphere for demonstrating technology exploitation, inventive software and hardware solutions, and open discussions of critical infosecurity issues. The first day is a single track of speed talks called One Track Mind. The next two days bring three tracks: Build It, Belay It, and Bring It On.
https://www.shmoocon.org/

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 November 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi; Privacy International.

JOB POSTING
=====

EDRi seeks senior policy adviser
----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a talented and dedicated Senior Policy Adviser to join EDRi's team in Brussels. This is a unique opportunity to be part of a growing and well-respected NGO that is making a real difference in the defense and promotion of online rights and freedoms in Europe and beyond. The deadline to apply for this full-time, permanent position is 2 December 2018.
https://edri.org/job-alert-edri-is-looking-for-a-senior-policy-advisor/


NEWS
=====

US: Under fire, Facebook hired opposition research firm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
When Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and COO Sheryl Sandberg were confronted with evidence of Russian activity intended to disrupt the 2016 US presidential election, they passed on the responsibility and the blame to subordinates such as security chief Alex Stamos, the New York Times reports. Stamos reports that Facebook hired Defenders, a Republican opposition research firm that specializes in applying political campaign techniques to corporate PR, to attack and discredit activist protesters, in part by linking them to George Soros. Open Society Foundations president Patrick Gaspard has responded, calling out Facebook for not only failing to monitor hate and misinformation, but for actively promoting it. Separately, the BBC reports that false information circulating on Facebook is leading to killings in Nigeria's already-inflamed Plateau State.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/14/technology/facebook-data-russia-election-racism.html
https://twitter.com/patrickgaspard/status/1062886458527309824/photo/1
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/resources/idt-sh/nigeria_fake_news

EU: Journalists are under threat in western democracies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Journalists are under threat in many places they were formerly thought to be safe, finds a new report from Index on Censorship. Across the EU, journalists are being intimidated, harassed, assaulted, jailed, or killed, while political figures threaten and humiliate them, and governments spy on them. Italy had the most verified physical assaults, with 83.
https://mappingmediafreedom.org/index.php/demonising-media-threats-journalists-europe/

India: WhatsApp struggles to control fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Research from the BBC World Service links Hindu nationalism and the falling cost of mobile services to a series of murders and growing anti-Muslim sentiment it says is fueled by messages shared on WhatsApp. Jim Waterson reports at the Guardian that WhatsApp poses two particular problems: information received from friends seems inherently more trustworthy, and encryption makes messages difficult to track. At the New York Times, Cristina Tardáguila, Fabrício Benevenuto, and Pablo Ortellado, based on their own research, find that WhatsApp is poisoning Brazilian politics.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/12/whatsapp-struggling-control-fake-news-india-bbc-study-hindu-nationalism-cheap-mobile-data
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/17/opinion/brazil-election-fake-news-whatsapp.html

Venezuela: Chinese telco ZTE helps build citizen monitoring system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Chinese telecommunications giant ZTE is helping Venezuela roll out a "fatherland" smart ID card, which the government is increasingly linking to health and other social programs most Venezuelans rely on, Angus Berwick reports for Reuters. ZTE's role is to build the centralized database that will hold comprehensive data collected on citizens via the fatherland card and create a linked mobile payment system. U.S. Senator Marco Rubio suggests that through the project China is "exporting its authoritarianism".
https://www.reuters.com/investigates/special-report/venezuela-zte/

Losing bidders reveal their bids to land Amazon's second U.S. headquarters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Following Amazon's announcement that it would divide its second headquarters between New York City and Washington, DC and build a distribution hub in Nashville, losing bidders began disclosing the incentives they offered the company. Among the offers, Julia Carrie Wong reports at the Guardian, were $4.6 billion in financial assistance (Philadelphia), an exclusive airport lounge (Atlanta), and a downtown corporate hangar (Dallas).
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/14/amazon-next-headquarters-losing-city-bids-what-offered

Kenya: M-Pesa mobile money expands globally
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A deal with Western Union will enable M-Pesa subscribers in ten nations across Africa, Europe, and Asia to transfer funds to and from bank accounts across the world, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. The service, which Safaricom set up in 2007 to allow Kenyans to send each other small amounts of money via mobile phone text messages, has vastly expanded financial inclusion.
https://qz.com/africa/1453797/western-union-in-mobile-money-deal-with-safaricoms-mpesa/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

French president Emmanuel Macron issues Paris Call for Trust and Stability of Cyberspace
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now explains why despite reservations it is endorsing the multi-stakeholder Paris Call for Trust and Stability of Cyberspace, which was launched by French president Emmanuel Macron at the Internet Governance Forum. Among Access Now's concerns: how cooperation in solving crimes and law enforcement protocols will be defined, and the failure to address government hacking. Access Now also notes that in conflict with the Paris Call, nine EU member states - Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Poland, Sweden, and the UK - are attempting to block proposals to curb the export of surveillance technologies to abusive regimes, citing work by Privacy International that shows the extent of these exports.
https://www.accessnow.org/access-now-to-join-the-paris-call-for-trust-and-stability-in-cyberspace/
https://www.accessnow.org/eu-states-push-to-relax-rules-on-exporting-surveillance-technology-to-human-rights-abusers/

Scientists oppose Australian anti-transparency security legislation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter to the Australian Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security, an international group of security experts critiques the pending Telecommunications Assistance and Access Bill 2018, which includes secrecy provisions that "could thwart efforts to implement new technical transparency systems necessary to the ongoing security of the Internet".
https://internetpolicy.mit.edu/pjcis-2018/l

Deepfakes researchers study detection and authentication
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article at the New Yorker, Joshua Rothman studies advances in digital imagery such as deepfakes and synthetic images, as well as improvements in authentication. At the Guardian, Oscar Schwartz discusses a Belgian case in which a faked video of US president Donald Trump caused outrage and discusses detection efforts. At Nieman Labs, the Wall Street Journal's Francesco Marconi outlines the paper's project to train reporters to identify images that have been altered using AI, complete with worked examples.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/11/12/in-the-age-of-ai-is-seeing-still-believing
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/12/deep-fakes-fake-news-truth
http://www.niemanlab.org/2018/11/how-the-wall-street-journal-is-preparing-its-journalists-to-detect-deepfakes/

Why doctors hate their computers - but patients benefit
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New Yorker, Atul Gawande, himself a physician, studies doctors' increasing loathing of their computers, which have greatly enlarged their administrative burden, are increasing burnout, and make them feel powerless. For patients, however, the systems are beginning to improve outcomes by giving them better information and enabling physicians to identify those who need more help.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/11/12/why-doctors-hate-their-computers

China: Social Credit system is less Orwellian than we think - for now
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Foreign Policy, Jamie Horsley dispels myths about China's Social Credit Score, which is less Orwellian than critics claim. While China is intensively collecting information on its citizens and Social Credit raises many serious concerns, the country is not yet assigning a single score that determines all aspects of every citizen's life. The essence of the system, Horsley writes, is legal compliance: meeting contractual commitments and social and economic obligations.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/11/16/chinas-orwellian-social-credit-score-isnt-real/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Digital Society Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
December 10-11, 2018
Berlin, Germany
The Digital Society Conference 2018 - Empowering ecosystems will cover new developments in security and privacy, digital politics, and industrial strategies. A particular focus will be the reality of the rise of AI - its societal implications, how to understand and harness the battle for AI dominance. The conference will also take a closer look at platforms - their role, their power, how to build them and how and when to control them.
https://www.esmt.org/faculty-research/centers-chairs-and-institutes/digital-society-institute-dsi/dsi-events/digital-society-conference-2018-empowering-ecosystems

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2019_bids/Sweden

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 November 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab; Tactical Tech.


NEWS
=====

Googlers stage worldwide walkout to demand structural change
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On November 2 at 11:10 AM an estimated 20,000 employees at nearly two-thirds of Google's offices walked out in protest against abuse of power, systemic racism and sexism, and unaccountable decision-making within the company, Richard Lawler reports at Endgadget. Among the protesters' demands: an end to forced arbitration in harassment cases and a commitment to end pay inequity. In an essay at The Cut, the organizers cite as the final straw a recent New York Times article in which Daisuke Wakabayashi and Katie Benner reported that the company paid Android creator Andy Rubin a $90 million severance package while keeping secret accusations against him of sexual misconduct.
https://www.engadget.com/2018/11/03/google-walkout-for-real-change/
https://www.thecut.com/2018/11/google-walkout-organizers-explain-demands.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/25/technology/google-sexual-harassment-andy-rubin.html

US: Government outsources immigration enforcement to Silicon Valley
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Amazon, Palantir, and Thomson Reuters play important roles in storing, transferring, and analyzing data on both undocumented residents and citizens on behalf of the US government, Sean Captain finds at Fast Company. A new report from the immigrant advocacy group Mijente documents the government's shift of discretion and power via contracts with these companies, especially Amazon Web Services. Mijente is concerned that implementing safeguards will become increasingly difficult as the companies obstruct accountability by claiming trade secrets and citing the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act. At the Daily Beast, Jake Laperruque and Andrea Peterson report that Amazon is also pitching its real-time facial recognition technology to Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90255355/the-surveillance-state-is-outsourced-to-silicon-valley-says-report
https://mijente.net/notechforice/
https://www.thedailybeast.com/amazon-pushes-ice-to-buy-its-face-recognition-surveillance-tech

EU: Researchers target Elsevier in complaint to Competition Authority
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On behalf of a group of researchers who produce and publish scholarly articles, Jonathan Tennant (UK) and Björn Brembs (Germany) have filed a complaint with the EU Competition Authority regarding RELX/Elsevier and the wider scholarly publishing market, Gary Price reports for Library Journal. The researchers accuse Elsevier and its parent, the RELX Group, of abusing a dominant position within the scholarly publishing market, and argue that the market itself actively prohibits competition.
https://www.infodocket.com/2018/10/30/full-text-complaint-filed-with-eu-competition-authority-regarding-relx-and-the-wider-scholarly-publishing-market/

China exports digital surveillance to African governments
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Using a mix of official training, technological infrastructure provision, and demands that international companies adopt Chinese content regulations, China is exporting its digital surveillance methods to African governments, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz Africa. The article is based on a new study from the US-based think tank Freedom House, which finds that as internet freedom continues to decline globally, China remains its worst abuser, a problem that is becoming more urgent as the country deploys fiber optic networks across the developing world, and its largest technology companies expand internationally.
https://qz.com/africa/1447015/china-is-helping-african-countries-control-the-internet/
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/freedom-net-2018/rise-digital-authoritarianism

Apple CEO Tim Cook blasts the "data industrial complex"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Tony Romm summarizes Apple CEO Tim Cook's keynote speech at the 40th International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners and posts a full transcript. Cook denounced the privacy-abusive business model of Silicon Valley technology companies and the resulting "data industrial complex" and called for the US to implement a comprehensive federal privacy law similar to the EU's General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/24/apples-tim-cook-warns-silicon-valley-it-would-be-destructive-to-block-strong-privacy-laws.html

EU: Border trials "smart lie-detection system"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A "deception detection system" that claims to analyze the facial micro-expressions of immigrants seeking to enter the EU will be trialed at the border in Hungary, Greece, and Latvia, Daniel Boffey reports at the Guardian. The "lie detector" uses a personalized computer animation of a border guard to ask questions via a webcam. Academic critics have called the system "pseudoscience"; proponents say the lie detector is just one element of a series of risk analysis tools. Similar systems are being built in the US for law enforcement and border controls at the US-Mexico border. In Spain, Olivia Goldhill reports at Quartz, an AI tool claimed to be remarkably accurate at detecting written falsehoods is being rolled out to police stations.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/02/eu-border-lie-detection-system-criticised-as-pseudoscience
https://qz.com/1441034/using-artificial-intelligence-to-detect-written-lies/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Spyware's role in Jamal Khashoggi's murder
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from CNN, Citizen Lab senior research fellow Bill Marczak and Saudi dissident Omar Abdulaziz discuss the role NSO Group's Pegasus spyware, which the company sells to governments and which was found on Abdulaziz's phone, played in the murder of Jamal Khashoggi. The spyware allows comprehensive surveillance of the target; Abdulaziz, who was a friend of Khashoggi's, was being monitored by this means. In light of this discovery, Citizen Lab has sent an open letter to Francisco Partners, believed to have a majority stake in NSO Group, asking the company to remedy failures of oversight and act to ensure that illegitimate uses of the software cease. The New York Times finds that the Saudi activities of consultancy firms like Booz Allen, McKinsey, and Boston Consulting Group are contributing to famine in Yemen and the crackdown on dissidents.
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/10/the-nso-connection-to-jamal-khashoggi/
https://citizenlab.ca/2018/11/open-letter-to-francisco-partners-continued-misuse-of-nso-groups-pegasus-technology/
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/04/world/middleeast/mckinsey-bcg-booz-allen-saudi-khashoggi.html

"Fauxtomation" undervalues humans by crediting AI for their work
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Logic, Astra Taylor, author of The People's Platform: Taking Back Power and Culture in the Digital Age, discusses "fauxtomation", the reality that a lot of what passes for AI relies on large amounts of low-paid human labor. Taylor regards automation as an ideology and a weapon against poor and working people, and argues that those hyping technology's capabilities are implanting the notion that we are disposable and ensuring that as much work as possible goes uncompensated. In a video clip from AI Now's recent symposium, Taylor presents further detail. At the BBC, Dave Lee finds that people in Kibera, Africa's largest slum, are paid to create training data for self-driving cars on behalf of the San Francisco-based company Samasource.
https://logicmag.io/05-the-automation-charade/
https://ainowinstitute.org/symposia/2018-symposium.html
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46055595

Rethinking mobility from horseless carriages to self-driving cars
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from their "A Secret History of the Future" series, The Economist's Tom Standage and Slate's Seth Stevenson ask what the early 20th century arrival of horseless carriages can teach us about navigating a future of autonomous vehicles. We will need to figure out what roads, transport, and cities will look like and who is responsible when things go wrong - and we have the chance to rethink the damaging choices we made then.
http://www.slate.com/articles/podcasts/secret_history_of_the_future/2018/09/from_horseless_carriages_to_autonomous_cars.html

Brazil: Personal data fuels electoral campaign advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Tactical Tech studies the use of public and private data in the recent elections in Brazil, where until recently there has been little in the way of data protection legislation. Although Brazil's Federal Supreme Court declared in 2015 that corporate donations to electoral campaigns are unconstitutional, other changes in the law allow political parties, candidates, and party coalitions to advertise on all types of social media via sponsored ads, and personal voter data enables segmentation, targeting, and carefully directed propaganda. At Buzzfeed, Ryan Broderick reports that in the mid-October run-up to the general election, Folha, the country's biggest newspaper, uncovered the fact that local marketing companies were using purchased batches of phone numbers to mass-message voters anti-leftist propaganda on WhatsApp. It's unclear how Facebook can ban this practice without breaking the service's encryption.
https://ourdataourselves.tacticaltech.org/posts/overview-brazil/
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/ryanhatesthis/facebook-announced-its-new-election-war-room-on-the-same

A proposal for new child labor laws for the digital age
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Jordan Shapiro argues that we should pay children through taxes, dividends, or royalties to play video games and use social media in order to teach them the economic value of the work they do in extending, modifying, and adding content. Their labor becomes fuel for the artificial intelligence economic boom, which does not profit them. Without their contributions, the companies have no product.
https://medium.com/s/powertrip/we-need-new-child-labor-laws-for-the-digital-age-53606d873aad


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2018
Sacramento, CA, USA
The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2018

Digital Society Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
December 10-11, 2018
Berlin, Germany
The Digital Society Conference 2018 - Empowering ecosystems will cover new developments in security and privacy, digital politics, and industrial strategies. A particular focus will be the reality of the rise of AI - its societal implications, how to understand and harness the battle for AI dominance. The conference will also take a closer look at platforms - their role, their power, how to build them and how and when to control them.
https://www.esmt.org/faculty-research/centers-chairs-and-institutes/digital-society-institute-dsi/dsi-events/digital-society-conference-2018-empowering-ecosystems

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 26 October 2018
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF.


NEWS
=====

US: Political campaign apps bypass social media platform restrictions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The American midterm elections are seeing the rise of conservative political apps designed to bypass the increasing restrictions on mainstream social media platforms such as Facebook and YouTube, report Natasha Singer and Nicholas Confessore at the New York Times. Many of these apps are developed by the Republican polling company WPA Intelligence and uCampaign, a DC start-up with connections to AggregateIQ, the small Canadian firm linked to the Cambridge Analytica scandal. Apps such as that of the National Rifle Association allow users to collect points, send campaign messages, and participate in other activities.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/technology/politics-apps-conservative-republican.html

Saudi trolls harass Twitter critics and suppress dissent
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A Saudi troll farm mobilizes a small army to harass critics on Twitter, Katie Benner, Mark Mazzetti, Ben Hubbard and Mike Isaac report at the New York Times. Recruiting on Twitter, the kingdom's troll farm offers salaries of about $3,000 a month. Calling themselves the "Electronic Bees", these operatives send memes, report critical postings as "sensitive" so Twitter will mute them, and seek to distract users from dissent. Former Twitter engineer Ali Alzabarah may have been a mole; he now works with the Saudi government. Among the troll farm's targets was the late journalist Jamal Khashoggi, who likened the experience to "sustained gunfire online". Separately, Kara Swisher reports that Silicon Valley chief executives from companies such as Salesforce and 23andMe are increasingly considering hiring chief ethics officers. Besides the other complex problems they face, companies like Tesla, Magic Leap, WeWork, and Slack have received huge direct or indirect investments from Saudi Arabia's Public Investment Fund.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/20/us/politics/saudi-image-campaign-twitter.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/21/opinion/who-will-teach-silicon-valley-to-be-ethical.html

California passes open access law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The state of California has passed a law requiring that all peer-reviewed, state-funded scientific research must be made available to the public within a year after publication, Elliot Harmon reports at EFF. EFF recommended passing a stronger law requiring same-day open publication. A similar US federal law has been stuck in Congress for the last five years.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2018/10/open-access-law-california

The growth of ancestry sites threatens to expose anyone's identity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A study published this week in Science suggests that DNA samples uploaded to ancestry websites by distant relatives can be cross-referenced to identify individuals, Ed Cara reports at Gizmodo. The study, which was inspired by the identification of the Golden State Killer via genealogy databases, estimates that once 2% of the population is in a database it becomes theoretically possible to identify anyone by tracing their distant relatives.
https://gizmodo.com/ancestry-sites-could-soon-expose-nearly-anyones-identit-1829685818

Microsoft open-sources its entire 60,000-patent portfolio
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Microsoft has agreed to grant a royalty-free and unrestricted license to all 60,000 patents in its portfolio to all other members of the Open invention Network (OIN), the open-source patent consortium it has recently joined, reports Steven J. Vaughan-Nichols at ZDNet. OIN's more than 2,540 members include Google, IBM, and Red Hat. Microsoft's patents include many relating to Android and the Linux kernel, as well as newer technologies such as HyperLedger.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-open-sources-its-entire-patent-portfolio/

As the growth in internet access slows, women and the rural poor remain excluded
----------------------------------------------------------------------
New data shows that the worldwide growth of internet access has slowed from 19% in 2007 to 6% in 2017, leaving women and the rural poor a majority of the 3.8 billion who are excluded, the South China Morning Post reports based on an analysis of United National data that will be published next month by the Web Foundation. The UN Sustainable Development goal was affordable internet access for all by 2020; instead, it will be May 2019 before even half the world is online. As government services become increasingly digital those without access will become increasingly marginalized.
https://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/article/2169351/digital-revolution-slipping-further-away-billions-globes-poorest-data


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

The prospect of three internets
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, the New York Times Editorial Board suggests that the internet may soon be split into three pieces by conflicting laws and regulations: US, China, and Europe. Data localization laws, data protection laws, technologically enforced censorship, the dependence on privately-owned infrastructure, and, especially, the lack of international cooperation all play a role in making the internet susceptible to splintering.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/15/opinion/internet-google-china-balkanization.html

Why China may welcome Google's censored search engine
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the South China Morning Post, Bai Tongdong suggests that Americans opposed to Google's Dragonfly project to create a search engine acceptable to Chinese authorities might want to ask the opinions of Chinese people. Google's absence has allowed the growth of indigenous Chinese search engine Baidu, which Tongdong calls "frustrating", lacks tools like Google Books, and has commercialized its search results, leading to the proliferation of scams and gamed results that in some healthcare cases have cost people their lives, "A morally compromised Google is still better than Baidu," he writes.
https://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/united-states/article/2168337/china-even-censored-google-search-engine-would?stream=top

Wikipedia seeks knowledge equity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the Oxford Internet Institute, Mark Graham and Martin Dittus examine the uneven geography of Wikipedia. Among their findings: Africa has 15% the number of articles that Europe does; Antarctica has more articles written about it than most countries in Africa and many in Latin America and Asia; and only 5% of articles written about Africa are written by local contributors. Wikipedia has formally committed to a strategy to counteract these inequalities, close the representation gap, and counteract systemic bias.
https://geography.oii.ox.ac.uk/the-uneven-geography-of-wikipedia/

The Gates Foundation provides a lesson in change management
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Nonprofit Quarterly, Martin Levine derives lessons from the recent state court ruling that found that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation had mishandled hiring a new chief data officer. The position was created with insufficient agreement on what problem it was intended to solve, and the organization gave the new CDO, Todd Pierce, insufficient support to implement the level of organizational and cultural change he sought to implement. The court ordered the foundation to pay Pierce, who was fired after 17 months, nearly $5 million in lost salary, stock awards, and stock options. Mismanaging change is expensive - but change is nonetheless essential. At Inside Philanthropy, David Callahan argues that the reason the gains of modern liberalism are at risk is that where conservative funders have invested in ideas, institutions, and people over the long term to create fundamental change, liberal foundations have continued to try to solve problems one at a time while avoiding ideology.
https://nonprofitquarterly.org/2018/10/12/a-lesson-in-change-management-from-the-gates-foundation/
https://www.insidephilanthropy.com/home/2018/10/9/defeat-how-top-foundations-failed-to-stop-the-conservative-march-to-powerand-now-risk-losing-everything

Australian authors' groups oppose fair use
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow highlights the alliance between publishers and authors opposing Australia's proposed formalization of fair use. He points to the Author's Interest project, led by Australian copyright scholar Rebecca Giblin, which documents the divergence between authors' interests and those of their publishers. In the UK, she writes, professional writers' earnings dropped 42% in real terms between 2005 and 2017, the proposition able to make living solely from writing work dropped from 40% to 13.7% - while publishers' profits have risen.
https://boingboing.net/2018/10/21/lunch-money-for-bullies.html
https://authorsinterest.org/2018/10/18/fat-horses-starving-sparrows-on-bullshit-in-copyright-debates/

Archivists could play important role in countering deepfakes threat
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Gizmodo, Melanie Ehrenkranz suggests that archivists could be an important check on the potential for deepfakes - realistic fake videos - because they have centuries of experience dealing with forgeries and fakes and determining authenticity and provenance. At the Internet Archive, an important guiding principle is to keep many copies, and use robust techniques to ensure that the material libraries hold has not been changed. It's also crucial to document past errors and deceptions.
https://gizmodo.com/how-archivists-could-stop-deepfakes-from-rewriting-hist-1829666009


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 5-8, 2018
Lisbon, Portugal
Web Summit began as a simple idea in 2010: to connect the technology community with all industries, both old and new. Since then, Web Summit has grown to become the largest technology conference in the world - it is expecting more than 59,000 entrepreneurs, investors, media, and others from 170 countries this year and will present more than 1,200 speakers.
https://websummit.com/

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2018
Sacramento, CA, USA
The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2018

Digital Society Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
December 10-11, 2018
Berlin, Germany
The Digital Society Conference 2018 - Empowering ecosystems will cover new developments in security and privacy, digital politics, and industrial strategies. A particular focus will be the reality of the rise of AI - its societal implications, how to understand and harness the battle for AI dominance. The conference will also take a closer look at platforms - their role, their power, how to build them and how and when to control them.
https://www.esmt.org/faculty-research/centers-chairs-and-institutes/digital-society-institute-dsi/dsi-events/digital-society-conference-2018-empowering-ecosystems

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3. 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 October 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: CitizenLab; IP Watch; National Federation of the Blind; Privacy International; Simon Fraser University.


NEWS
=====

India: Supreme Court rules on Aadhaar
----------------------------------------------------------------------
India's Supreme Court has ruled 4-1 in favor of approving the use of the Aadhaar identification program for purposes relating to public funds, such as collecting taxes and distributing benefits, Vinda Goel reports at the New York Times. However, the court set limits on Aadhaar's use for other purposes, including national security and verifying students' identity when taking exams, and also struck down a provision in the 2016 Aadhaar Act that permitted use by private companies, including banks and mobile network operators.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/26/technology/india-id-aadhaar-supreme-court.html

UK intelligence agencies surveilled Privacy International
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK intelligence service MI5 has admitted that it captured and read Privacy International's private data as part of its programs to collect bulk communications data and bulk personal data sets. As part of PI's pending Investigatory Powers Tribunal challenge to these programs MI5, MI6, and GCHQ all admitted that they unlawfully gathered data about PI or its staff. In response, PI has written to Home Secretary Sajid Javid to ask him to provide additional safeguards and oversight to protect charities operating in the public interest from unlawful surveillance by the UK intelligence agencies, as well as confirm the changes he will make to the Investigatory Powers Act given the recent European Court of Human Rights ruling that parts of it violate human rights law..
https://privacyinternational.org/press-release/2283/press-release-uk-intelligence-agency-admits-unlawfully-spying-privacy
https://privacyinternational.org/feature/2286/we-ask-home-secretary-why-uk-intelligence-agencies-have-unlawfully-analysed-pis-data

US-Mexico-Canada Agreement threatens privacy regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA), which replaces NAFTA, sets troubling new standards for ecommerce that risk proliferating around the globe, blogs Canadian legal scholar Michael Geist. The digital trade chapter included in USMCA will lock in rules that restrict privacy safeguards and hinder efforts to establish new regulation for the digital world. Some provisions foster greater certainty for online trade; however, others restrict data localization policies, are vague on network neutrality, and ban restrictions on cross-border data transfers, in direct conflict with the EU's approach to data protection.
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2018/10/setting-the-standard-how-the-usmca-quietly-reshapes-global-digital-trade-agreements/

Google shutters Google+ after disclosure of data breach
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Google will shut down its seven-year-old social networking effort Google+ after the Wall Street Journal reported that for six months the company has kept secret a bug it discovered in the Google+ application programming interface (API) that allowed third-party app developers to access the data of not only users who had granted permission but also of their friends. As Julia Carrie Wong and Olivia Solon report in the Guardian, this is the same scenario that helped Cambridge Analytica collect data on millions of Facebook users.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/oct/08/google-plus-security-breach-wall-street-journal

US legislature passes the Marrakesh Treaty Implementation Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Both the US House of Representatives and the US Senate have now passed the Marrakesh Treaty Implementation Act, the National Federation of the Blind reports. The votes bring US copyright law into compliance with the Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled. The legislation now awaits the signature of President Donald Trump. Also this week, the EU and its 28 member states formally acceded to the treaty, reports IP Watch, increasing the full number of treaty members to 70 countries
https://nfb.org/us-house-representatives-passes-marrakesh-treaty-implementation-act
http://www.ip-watch.org/2018/10/01/eu-joins-wipo-marrakesh-treaty-visually-impaired-boosts-available-books/

EU publishes code of practice on disinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Union has published a self-regulatory Code of Practice on Disinformation (aka "fake news"), which has been agreed by representatives of online platforms, leading social networks, advertisers, and the advertising industry. The Code commits signatories to improve transparency, close fake accounts, and demonetize the purveyors of disinformation. According to Euractiv, the list of signatories includes Google, Facebook, and Mozilla.
https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/code-practice-disinformation
https://www.euractiv.com/section/digital/news/disinformation-crackdown-tech-giants-commit-to-eu-code-of-practice/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Universities undervalue public engagement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Nature, Chris Woolton discusses a study from Simon Fraser University that finds that although universities talk about their public mission, their guidelines for promotion and tenure put little value on public engagement. Based on an examination of 864 documents covering a wide variety of disciplines at 129 universities in the US and Canada, the researchers found a heavy emphasis on publications and citations, and few references to public outreach. At the Chronicle of Higher Education Audrey Williams Juen provides more detail on the study's findings, including the fact that only 5% of institutions explicitly mention open access in their guidelines for tenure and promotion.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06906-z
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Do-Universities-Value-Public/244748

Five Eyes statement on encryption lacks backing by security and intelligence agencies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Lawfare, privacy expert Susan Landau analyzes the statement on encryption issued in September by law enforcement in the "Five Eyes" countries (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and concludes it's less significant than it first seemed. While the statement is a strongly-worded demand for lawful access to decrypted versions of content, Landau notes that it is not signed by the defense and security agencies, which understand the operational security issues raised by weakening encryption.
https://www.lawfareblog.com/five-eyes-statement-encryption-things-are-seldom-what-they-seem

Did Chinese government agencies infiltrate Super Micro servers?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Register, Kieren McCarthy analyzes the explosive Bloomberg story that for three years Chinese government agencies have had access to highly sensitive data via spy chips they infiltrated into Super Micro Servers used by organizations including Amazon, Apple, and the US government. Apple, Amazon, and San Jose-based Super Micro have all strongly denied the story with a specificity McCarthy finds compelling. The bigger issue, McCarthy writes, is not these specific chips but the overall security of the supply chain, given that most chips are manufactured in China and Taiwan.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/10/04/supermicro_bloomberg/

Open-source investigation is changing intelligence and conflict monitoring
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Foreign Policy, Nick Waters explores open-source intelligence - the use by intelligence agencies and law enforcement of publicly available information such as social media postings and other reservoirs of online data. While such sources were recently disparaged by British MP Emily Thornberry, Waters finds that this type of information can be readily authenticated. For example, the time, date, and location of photographs can be verified and geolocated by matching shadows, historical weather data, daily satellite imagery, and the rate of building constructions. Waters goes on to discuss specific examples in Syria and Libya.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/09/25/google-maps-is-a-better-spy-than-james-bond/

Technologists and engineers query the social costs of what they're building
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Kate Conger and Cade Metz report that employees in the large technology companies are beginning to demand greater insight into how their employers are using their work. In particular, they increasingly want to know about the social costs of what they're doing - for example, whether they're working on technologies that will feed into surveillance in China or the military around the world. Executives have typically responded that full transparency is not possible. At Vox, Jennifer Pahika finds that the separation of families at the US border has been exacerbated by the limitations of the software border agents are using. Software, she finds, is policy.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/07/technology/tech-workers-ask-censorship-surveillance.html
https://www.vox.com/first-person/2018/9/26/17902262/border-family-separation-policy-reunification-software

Canada: automated decision-making creates new risks for immigrants and refugees
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Citizen Lab, IT3 Lab, and the International Human Rights program at the University of Toronto, examine the use of automated decision-making in Canada's immigration and refugee system, warning that the use of these technologies is creating a "laboratory for high-risk experiments within an already highly discretionary system". For at-risk groups with few resources to defend their rights, these systems are new vectors for bias, prejudice, privacy breaches, procedural unfairness, and a lack of due process.
https://ihrp.law.utoronto.ca/sites/default/files/media/IHRP-Automated-Systems-Report-Web.pdf


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
https://icdppc.org/

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
London, UK
Each year, MozFest features talks from luminaries at the intersection of technology and society, including hackers, journalists, activists, and others in a seven-day celebration for, by, and about people who love the internet, showcasing world-changing ideas and technology through workshops, talks, and interactive sessions.
https://mozillafestival.org/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 5-8, 2018
Lisbon, Portugal
Web Summit began as a simple idea in 2010: to connect the technology community with all industries, both old and new. Since then, Web Summit has grown to become the largest technology conference in the world - it is expecting more than 59,000 entrepreneurs, investors, media, and others from 170 countries this year and will present more than 1,200 speakers.
https://websummit.com/

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2018
Sacramento, CA, USA
The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2018

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFFís well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
http://bit.ly/2tNnJbP

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 28 September 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Cardiff Data Justice Lab, EDRi, Open Rights Group, Paywall, Privacy International, R3D.

NEWS
=====

European Parliament votes for "catastrophic" copyright directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Verge, James Vincent reports that on September 12 the European Parliament voted 438-226 in favor of the Copyright Directive, which was rejected for fast-tracking in July. Of particular concern to critics are Articles 11 (the "link tax") and 13 (the "upload filter"). Article 11 is intended to give publishers the right to demand paid licenses from those who, like Google, link to their stories; Article 13 requires platforms like YouTube and Facebook to block users from sharing copyrighted material. There will be a final vote in January 2019. EDRi predicts that if passed into law this proposal, which regulates all companies as if they were Google and Facebook, will mean a European internet where only Facebook and Google can survive.
https://www.theverge.com/2018/9/12/17849868/eu-internet-copyright-reform-article-11-13-approved
https://edri.org/press-release-eu-parliament-flip-flops-backwards-on-copyright/

European Court of Human Rights rules UK bulk interception illegal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Guardian, Owen Bowcott reports that the European Court of Human Rights has ruled five votes to two that the UK security agency GCHQ's interception of bulk communications violated Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights. However, ECHR also found that GCHQ did not act illegally in sharing digital intelligence with foreign governments, and confirmed that given tighter safeguards bulk interception would be allowed under the law. The case was brought by a group of 14 human rights and privacy NGOs led by Privacy International, which filed its original complaint with the UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal in 2013. Other complainants included Open Rights Group, Big Brother Watch, and the Bureau of Investigative Journalism. In its analysis, Privacy International says the judgment has immediate implications for the UK's 2016 Investigatory Powers Act, which must now be revised to provide stronger oversight of GCHQ's activities tapping undersea cables and searching the communications gathered from them, and for the agency's use of metadata.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/sep/13/gchq-data-collection-violated-human-rights-strasbourg-court-rules
https://privacyinternational.org/feature/2267/uk-mass-interception-law-violates-human-rights-fight-against-mass-surveillance

Israel-based NSO Group accused of actively aiding illegal spying
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, David D. Kirkpatrick and Azam Ahmed report on two ongoing lawsuits against Israel-based NSO Group. Leaked NSO emails submitted in court show that the company, one of the best-known creators of smartphone spyware, sought to prove its technology works by sending top Emirati officials sample recordings from the phone of Abdulaziz Alkhamis, the editor of a London-based Arab newspaper. NSO's software has been sold to the governments of Mexico, Panama, and UAE, which have used it to spy on foreign government officials, human rights activists, and journalists. The software, known as "Pegasus", sends phishing texts to a target's smartphone; clicking on them secretly downloads the software. The Associated Press reports that the plaintiffs are five Mexican journalists and activists, who are being advised by the advocacy group R3D, and Qatari newspaper editor Abdullah Al-Athbah.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/31/world/middleeast/hacking-united-arab-emirates-nso-group.html
https://apnews.com/a5d4f292925348ceaf64f649b4f79a0f

European research funders mandate open access by 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In Nature, Holly Else reports that eleven European research funders have announced the radical open-access "Plan S", which from 2020 will require all the scientific work they fund to be made freely available to download, translate, or reuse as soon as it is published. The agencies jointly spend €7.6 billion in research grants annually. Holding out from joining the initiative are the national research agencies of Switzerland, Sweden, and Germany.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-06178-7

Interactive fitness data tracking spreads in UK, US, and South Africa
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that the 156-year-old US life insurance company John Hancock will stop underwriting traditional life insurance policies, instead selling only interactive policies that track health and fitness through the data collected by wearable devices and smartphones. Interactive life insurance is already well-established in South Africa and Britain, and is spreading in the US. While the company argues that the change will promote both health and profits, privacy and consumer advocates suggest the data may help insurers cherry-pick the most profitable customers (for further context see this panel from Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2017 on YouTube, which discusses the future of insurance in a big data world).
https://venturebeat.com/2018/09/19/john-hancock-will-require-fitness-tracking-for-all-life-insurance-policies/
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gx910bkfsrU

Facebook amplifies Libyan conflict
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Declan Walsh and Suliman Ali Zway report that Facebook has acted as a "force multiplier" in recent fighting between rival militias in the Libyan capital of Tripoli, enabling armed groups to target bombs and find opponents and critics. The company claims it is actively policing its Libyan platform with teams of Arabic-speaking content reviewers and AI with assistance from local organizations and international human rights groups. Nonetheless, the newspaper found evidence of open trading of military-grade weapons, and pages maintained by human traffickers and armed groups. For many people, stranded in their homes, Facebook is their only contact with the outside world. At MIT Technology Review, Zeynep Tufecki analyzes how social media has enabled authoritarians to master the internet.
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/04/world/middleeast/libya-facebook.html
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/611806/how-social-media-took-us-from-tahrir-square-to-donald-trump/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

US technology companies help India create surveillance state
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Huffington Post, Paul Blumenthal and Gopal Sathe await the Supreme Court of India ruling on the case against the Aadhaar biometric identification system by discussing the role of US technology in building India's "perfect surveillance state". Blumenthal suggests the nine-year-old Aadhaar program, which collects the fingerprints, iris scans, and photos of nearly 1.3 billion Indians, is a "gold mine" for companies like Microsoft, Amazon, and Facebook. Bill Gates is funding a World Bank program to copy Aadhaar in other countries; Microsoft has integrated it into Skype; Amazon uses it to trace missing packages; Facebook favors Aadhaar-verified names; and Google has "inadvertently" added the Aadhaar helpline to Android phones without informing users.
https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/india-aadhuar-tech-companies_us_5b7ebc53e4b0729515109fd0

Paywall: the movie
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Inside Higher Ed, Lindsay McKenzie reviews the documentary film Paywall, which outlines the dispute between open access advocates and journal publishers. McKenzie notes that few of the 70 people interviewed for the film work for publishers of subscription journals, but calls it a reflection of the growing power of the open access movement. The movie is freely available for download on the web. At BoingBoing, the film's creator Jason Schmitt outlines his research for the film, which includes a rare interview with Sci-Hub creator Alexandra Elbakyan.
https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2018/09/10/open-access-movement-hits-silver-screen
https://paywallthemovie.com/
https://boingboing.net/2018/09/18/why-for-profit-academic-publis.html

Palantir sponsorship causes withdrawals from APC 2018
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Datactive and the Data Justice Lab explain why they have decided to withdraw from participating in the 2018 Amsterdam Privacy Conference even though both enthusiastically supported the "Digital Society and Surveillance" theme. Their complaint is the conference's acceptance of sponsorship from the US-based company Palantir, which develops big data analytics technologies for the military, law enforcement, and border control and whose work has attracted widespread concern from civil liberties and human rights advocates. At Motherboard, J. M. Porup discusses the controversy, which began when activist Aral Balkan posted a protest to Twitter. At Medium, Sidney Vollmer argues that privacy conferences lose their credibility by accepting sponsorship from Palantir, Facebook, and Google.
https://data-activism.net/2018/09/why-we-wont-be-at-apc-2018/
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/aekw4b/people-are-mad-that-facebook-and-google-sponsored-a-privacy-event
https://medium.com/@sidneyvollmer/thoughts-on-privacyweek-sponsored-by-facebook-co-bcd7c830f68c

Solving the #MeToo drain of dedicated workers from non-profits
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Chronicles of Philanthropy, Sarah Schacht discusses #MeToo as it applies to non-profits: dedicated workers are leaving. As the young founder of open government technology organisation Knowledge As Power, reporting attempted rape by a prominent man in her specialty area led her to feel sidelined instead of supported. As a solution, Schacht proposes that funders should collect demographic data on applicants and grantees, review who is influencing their work and look for patterns of negative recommendations; train staff members to respond sensitively when grantees or others ask for a buffer zone between them and an alleged harasser; look actively for new influencers; and look for patterns in who has left the field.
https://www.philanthropy.com/article/Opinion-Sex-Abuse-Is-Draining/244358

An analysis of Brazil's new General Data Privacy Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at National Law Review, Melanie Ramey, an associate with Covington & Burling, analyzes Brazil's General Data Privacy Law, which was signed into law on August 14 and which closely mirrors the EU's General Data Protection Regulation. The law significantly increases Brazil's data protection regime, and appears to be aimed at making Brazil one of the few countries to provide data protections comparable to those of the EU. The law will come into force in February 2020.
https://www.natlawreview.com/article/brazil-s-new-general-data-privacy-law-follows-gdpr-provisions

Alleged BitConnect fraud may exceed India's biggest banking scandal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg, Archana Chaudhary and Jeanette Rodrigues outline an investigation in the Indian state of Gujarat that alleges that BitConnect was a bitcoin-based Ponzi scheme. The fraud could be bigger than the country's largest banking scandal and reach as far away as Texas. The evidence so far uncovered by the Criminal Investigation Department has led to indictments against eight policemen and implicates a former lawmaker in the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party on charges of abduction and extortion. Inflows into BitConnect from Indian investors are thought to have been partly the result of Prime Minister Darendra Modi's sudden November 2016 demonetization of higher-value banknotes.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-08-09/cryptokidnapping-or-how-to-lose-3-billion-of-bitcoin-in-india


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Amsterdam Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
October 5-9, 2018
Amsterdam, Netherlands
APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us.
https://www.apc2018.com/

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
https://icdppc.org/

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
London, UK
Each year, MozFest features talks from luminaries at the intersection of technology and society, including hackers, journalists, activists, and others in a seven-day celebration for, by, and about people who love the internet, showcasing world-changing ideas and technology through workshops, talks, and interactive sessions.
https://mozillafestival.org/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 5-8, 2018
Lisbon, Portugal
Web Summit began as a simple idea in 2010: to connect the technology community with all industries, both old and new. Since then, Web Summit has grown to become the largest technology conference in the world - it is expecting more than 59,000 entrepreneurs, investors, media, and others from 170 countries this year and will present more than 1,200 speakers.
https://websummit.com/

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2018
Sacramento, CA, USA
The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.
http://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2018

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 28, 2018
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.
https://site.uit.no/muninconf/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3. 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference,"Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 27 July 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Benetech, Citizen Lab, La Quadrature du Net, Tactical Tech.

 

JOB OPENINGS

 

Wikimedia

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Wikimedia is looking for a senior public policy manager, who will be one of two such managers on the Public Policy team, based in the legal department, and will work closely with outside digital rights advocates and Wikimedia affiliates in the US and internationally. Wikimedia seeks candidates with successful track records in advocacy work around internet legal and policy issues.

http://bit.ly/2KXybrR

 

DataKind

----------------------------------------------------------------------

DataKind is searching for a new Director of Global Community. DataKind brings together volunteers from around the world to use data science and AI in the service of humanity. The director of global community will be responsible for recruiting expert volunteer teams, working with charity partners to define their data science needs, and managing projects through to success.

http://bit.ly/2KshVeU

 

 

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

 

EU fines Google €4.34 billion over anti-competitive Android licensing

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Jennifer Rankin reports that the EU has fined Google €4.34 billion over licensing terms that have constrained smartphone manufacturers using its Android operating system in order to drive revenues for its profitable search engine. Google has 90 days to remediate its practices. In a blog posting, the company says it will appeal and claims the EU's decision will harm consumers. Also at the Guardian, Samuel Gibbs finds that a number of analysts think the ruling is "too little, too late" because Google is now too firmly entrenched for others to be able to compete. In an editorial, the Guardian argues that the ruling opens up wider issues, still to be decided.

Guardian (fine): http://bit.ly/2v7uGoG

Google: http://bit.ly/2LCCkSg

Guardian (reactions): http://bit.ly/2LoeoTs

Guardian (editorial): http://bit.ly/2LQ8UNa

 

Indian government threatens to sue WhatsApp over spread of fake news

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Vice, David Gilbert reports that the Indian government is threatening to sue WhatsApp over the viral spread of fake videos that have been linked to mob lynchings. The company has published new restrictions on forwarding messages, photos, and videos, and will test lowering the limit on simultaneous chats to five. Also at Vice, Gilbert and Zeenat Saberin report on several violent deaths due to WhatsApp rumors, including that of Sukanta Chakraborty, whose job as a "rumor buster" for the state of Tripura involved teaching local village residents to spot fake news. Analysts in India say there is reason to believe that prime minister Narandra Modi's BJP party is behind much of the fear-based fake news circulating on WhatsApp and other platforms.

Vice (lawsuit): http://bit.ly/2LFG1q4

Vice (deaths): http://bit.ly/2LU4STW

 

Formally organized social media manipulation campaigns spread to 48 countries

----------------------------------------------------------------------

A report from the Oxford Internet Institute finds that the number of countries with evidence of formally organized domestic social media manipulation campaigns has risen from 28 to 48 since 2017. The EU vs Disinfo site publishes its catalogue of  over 4,200 cases of debunked pro-Kremlin disinformation from more than 20 countries. In a report presented to the British House of Lords and published by the Constitution Society, Julianne Kerr Morrison, Ravi Naik, and Tactical Tech co-founder Stephanie Hankey argue that government should increase oversight of political campaigning, encourage spending transparency, and continue to engage with social media and digital advertising companies. Naked Security reports that the US Department of Justice has announced that under a new policy it will inform businesses, organizations, and individuals if they're being targeted by foreign operations with the goal of influencing US elections.

OII: http://bit.ly/2On3Sts

EU vs Disinfo: http://bit.ly/2v47eJ1

Constitution Society: http://bit.ly/2A9n9LV

Naked Security: http://bit.ly/2v5ODME

 

German police raid privacy protection association Zwiebelfreunde

----------------------------------------------------------------------

La Quadrature du Net reports that on June 20 the German police searched the homes of several of the Zwiebelfreunde association's board members and seized all their computers and storage media, and went on to search the Augsburg hackerspace OpenLab2. The reported reason: Zwiebelfreunde collects donations for Riseup, which hosts the email address associated with a blog calling for anti-fascist protests in Augsburg, which the police consider a call for violent actions. LQDN believes that the real reason is that Zwiebelfreunde has long promoted the use of privacy-enhancing tools such as Tor.

LQDN: http://bit.ly/2uOmom2


Steve Bannon plans anti-Soros right-wing European revolution

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Daily Beast, Nico Hines reports that Steve Bannon, Donald Trump's former White House chief advisor, is setting up a foundation in Europe called The Movement which he hopes will spark a right-wing revolution in Europe, starting with the May 2019 European Parliament elections. Bannon hopes his organization will ultimately rival George Soros's Open Society Foundation, and is laying the groundwork for an envisioned right-wing "supergroup" within the European Parliament.

Daily Beast: https://thebea.st/2AebxHu

 

US: Open government advocates fear the secrecy of private messaging

----------------------------------------------------------------------

The Associated Press reports that private messaging apps are increasingly being used by government officials conducting public business, and that the use of these technologies is undermining open government laws and policies. Different states are taking different approaches: in Kansas the governor has banned the use of private accounts for any of his office's business, while in Kentucky and Arizona lawmakers have unsuccessfully proposed exempting all communications on personal phones from state open records laws. 
AP: http://bit.ly/2mL229d

 

Social media giants launch Data Transfer Project for data portability

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the company's blog, Microsoft's vice-president for corporate standards announces that Microsoft, in conjunction with Facebook, Google, and Twitter, is launching the open source Data Transfer Project, intended to help users seamlessly and securely move their data between their services. At The Verge, Russell Brandom reports that most of the coding so far has been done by Google and Microsoft engineers and notes that Google claims the initiative is intended to give those who download their data the tools to make use of it.

Microsoft: http://bit.ly/2NOvhn4

The Verge: http://bit.ly/2mKAC3f

 

 

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

 

Making machines play fair

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this video clip of a talk given as part of the Royal Society's year-long "You and AI" lecture series, Microsoft theoretical computer science Cynthia Dwork discusses the emerging scientific theory of how to build fairness into algorithmic systems. She considers many building blocks, from defining fairness and the different demands of individual and group fairness, to understanding scoring and financial incentives, and the use of randomness. Others in the lecture series include AI Now Institute director Kate Crawford speaking about machine learning and bias and DeepMind CEO Demis Hassabis outlining the history of AI,

YouTube: http://bit.ly/2mKB6X7

Royal Society: http://bit.ly/2AdAOSa

 

Cambodia: Chinese espionage group TEMP.Periscope targets July 2018 elections

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, the US security company FireEye reports the results of its investigation into the Chinese espionage group TEMP.Periscope. FireEye has found active compromises of multiple Cambodian entities related to the country's upcoming July 29 elections. TEMP.Periscope has been active since at least 2013, and previously targeted maritime-related targets, consulting services, and the high-tech industry, among others. FireEye expects the group to continue targeting these and other agencies and organizations. 

FireEye: http://bit.ly/2LmD2DP

 

Blockchain's potential for social benefits

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, Jim Fruchterman, head of Benetech, summarizes the July 6 TechCrunch conference on blockchain, which he attended in order to represent the social good sector at an event otherwise solely attended bytechnologists, investors, and entrepreneurs.  Fruchterman believes that blockchain technology could be especially useful in low-trust environments - for example, his team is working on a system for fingerprinting videos to help authenticate evidence collected during the Syrian conflict. In a video clip at TechCrunch, Fruchterman discusses the potential with reporter Megan Rose Dickey.

Benetech: http://bit.ly/2AcPG35

TechCrunch: https://tcrn.ch/2uQF3Oe

 

UN Special Rapporteur recommends

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting at Citizen Lab, Lex Bill notes that the draft report from the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, Dubravka Šimonović, draws on recommendations Citizen Lab made in its formal 2017 submission. Among its recommendations: states should legislate to prohibit emerging forms of online, gender-based violence, while internet intermediaries should commit to eradicating online gender-based violence and promote human rights and digital security. Citizen Lab commends the Special Rapporteur for recognizing the need to respect both the rights to privacy and freedom of expression and the rights of women and girls online.

Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2Ltdo0o

UN: http://bit.ly/2JWJE6d

 

Dealing with Holocaust deniers: lessons from moderating AskHistorians

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Slate, Johannes Breit, a volunteer moderator for the AskHistorians subreddit, discusses the core principles the moderators have had to adopt. The subreddit, which is one of the largest history forums on the internet, operates a strict ban on Holocaust denialism, including "just asking questions", which in their experience is intended to sow doubt rather than genuinely seek knowledge. Facebook's newly announced policy of removing posts for "advocating violence" won't work, Breit argues, calling Holocaust denial "a form of political agitation in the service of bigotry". They have concluded that denying these positions a platform is the only option.

Slate: https://slate.me/2mJu30z

 

US: The NSA's AT&T spy hubs

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at The Intercept, Ryan Gallagher reveals the extent of AT&T's status as a trusted partner in the US National Security Agency's surveillance program.  Monitoring the eight peering circuits at backbone facilities in Seattle, San Francisco, LA, Dallas, Chicago, Atlanta, Washington, DC, and New York, says former AT&T technician Mark Klein, gives the NSA access to all the data that's interchanged between AT&T's network and those belonging to other companies that peer with it, such as Spring, Cogent, Level 3, Telia, Tata Communications, Telecom Italia, and Deutsche Telekom.

The Intercept: http://bit.ly/2LrkTEI

 

 

***

 

DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

 

Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

 

Free and Open Communications on the Internet

----------------------------------------

FOCI brings together researchers and practitioners from technology, law, and policy who are working on means to study, detect, or circumvent practices that inhibit free and open communications on the Internet.

http://bit.ly/2N8qWKW

 

4VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

 

World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

 

Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI) co-design workshop

----------------------------------------

September 12 - 14, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Co-hosted with Amnesty International, this workshop will develop innovative and collaborative approaches for using human rights data for impact, and agree on the next steps for HRMI's expansion of country and rights coverage.

http://bit.ly/2JwLWO6

 

SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

 

Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest V

----------------------------------------

September 27-29

Washington, DC, US

The Global Congress is the main meeting of a global network of over 800 researchers, activists, and practitioners who work on the intersection of intellectual property and promotion of the public interest. The core goal is to promote evidence-based policy-making by fostering partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world.

http://bit.ly/2sSuVnn

 

Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

 

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38

 

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

November 27-29, 2018

Sacramento, CA, USA

The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds annual summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.

http://bit.ly/2N80py1

 

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing

----------------------------------------

November 28, 2018

Tromso, Norway

The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.

http://bit.ly/2N3zPWb

 

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019

----------------------------------------

January 30 - February 1, 2019

Brussels, Belgium

The 12th international CPDP conference is accepting submissions for panel and session proposals until June 21, 2018.

http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

 

We Robot 2019

----------------------------------------

April 11-13, 2019

Miami, Florida, US

We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.

http://bit.ly/2x6T3XD

 

Global Privacy Summit 2019

----------------------------------------

May 2-3. 2019

Washington, DC

The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globs, whether they work in the public or private sector.

http://bit.ly/2tNnJbP

 

re:publica 2019

----------------------------------------

May 6-8, 2019

Berlin, Germany

The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.

http://bit.ly/2GMXl6o

 

 

***

 

Hear more from the Information Program!

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 13 July 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, EDRi, Knowledge Ecology International.

 

JOB OPENINGS

=============

 

Wikimedia

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Wikimedia is looking for a senior public policy manager, who will be one of two such managers on the Public Policy team, based in the legal department, and will work closely with outside digital rights advocates and Wikimedia affiliates in the US and internationally. Wikimedia seeks candidates with successful track records in advocacy work around internet legal and policy issues.

http://bit.ly/2KXybrR

 

DataKind

----------------------------------------------------------------------

DataKind is searching for a new Director of Global Community. DataKind brings together volunteers from around the world to use data science and AI in the service of humanity. The director of global community will be responsible for recruiting expert volunteer teams, working with charity partners to define their data science needs, and managing projects through to success. Director of Global Community: http://bit.ly/2KshVeU

 

 

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

 

European Parliament votes to reject controversial copyright legislation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

European Digital Rights reports that on July 5 the European Parliament voted not to fast-track the Copyright Directive Reform package by a vote of 278-318. Large numbers of individuals, civil society groups, academics, and the European Wikimedia community protested against the legislation, in particular Article 11 (the "link tax") and Article 13 (the "upload filter").  There will now be an open debate and vote, expected the week of September 10th. At Communia, Timothy Vollmer gives more detail of the politics surrounding the vote.

EDRi: http://bit.ly/2L15VV7

Communia: http://bit.ly/2ztC1Ei

 

US Senate votes to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Knowledge Ecology International reports that the US Senate has voted to approve the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled. The vote brings the total of countries that have notified WIPO that they have ratified the treaty to 40. At least 54 more countries have signed or ratified the treaty but not yet notified WIPO.

KEI: http://bit.ly/2L1jBQ0

 

EU regulators reject ICANN's latest Whois privacy plan

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Register, Kieren McCarthy reports that the European Data Protection Supervisor's office has rejected the latest plan proposed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) for putting the Whois domain name directory into compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). ICANN's contracts with its domain name registrars require them to collect names, addresses, and personal contact details from all domain name registrants in order to populate Whois. Since regulators began offering guidance on how to bring Whois into compliance in 2003, ICANN has made numerous failed proposals, including trying to argue that it's not a data controller. In May, ICANN requested EDPS's advice after a German court rejected ICANN's attempt to force a domain name registrar to continue collecting Whois data.

The Register: http://bit.ly/2zwRbZG


Social media restrictions spread in Africa

----------------------------------------------------------------------

AFP reports that Zambia plans to join a growing list of African countries in restricting social media usage. Communications minister Brian Mushimba told the Zambian parliament on July 5 that the measures were needed to fight fraud and abuse and reduce online pornography. Dispatch reports that Uganda began blocking "over the top" access on July 1 for anyone who hadn't paid the country's tax of UGX200 (US$0.52) per day. Ugandan Communications Commission executive director Godfrey Mutabazi says that the country's telecommunications companies have begun blocking VPNs, which Ugandans have been using to avoid the tax. The New York Times reports that an Egyptian court has sentenced Lebanese tourist Mona el-Mazbouh to eight years in prison for "deliberately broadcasting false rumors which aim to undermine society and attack religions" in a video tirade she posted on her Facebook page.

Quartz: http://bit.ly/2KYv2bf

Dispatch: http://bit.ly/2zwjt6C

New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2L5muMj

 

US: Immigration and Customs Enforcement system automatically recommends detention

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Motherboard, Daniel Oberhaus reports that as a result of the Trump administration's "zero tolerance" policy, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) changed its risk assessment software so it recommended detention for all apprehended immigrants rather than, as before, just those with serious criminal histories. After the change ICE tripled its detention rate, imprisoning 43,000 people in 2017. In a 2015 review, the Department of Homeland Security called the risk assessment system "ineffective".
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/2ubFHWb

 

Chinese cameras conduct "emotional surveillance"

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the LA Times, Don Lee reports that the facial expressions in images collected by surveillance cameras placed in classrooms in his school in Eastern China are being used to create a running score for each student and class. The scores are used to trigger alerts that require teachers to intervene if students appear disengaged or moody. Student and parent protests have led the school to temporarily pause the system.

LA Times: https://lat.ms/2mbBEF7

Proxy for EU readers: http://bit.ly/2NIvPeP

 

 

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

 

Tim Berners-Lee plans to re-decentralize the web

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this interview at Vanity Fair, World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee admits he was devastated to learn that Russian hackers and Cambridge Analytica interfered with the 2016 US presidential election. In response, Berners-Lee is working on Solid, a platform intended to re-decentralize the web and give individuals, rather than corporations, control over their data.

Vanity Fair: http://bit.ly/2L60pgQ

 

How Facebook "Likes" created the attention monopoly

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Medium, Matt Locke recounts the history of Facebook "Likes". Originally invented as a harmless way of helping to curate postings on the B3ta web community, "Likes" were adopted as a Facebook feature in 2009. It was combining "Likes" with the social graph and the newsfeed that gave Facebook its dominating role in advertising. Faecbook's attention monopoly might have been avoided, Locke says, by requiring social media companies to adopt common technical standards in 2009. At Locus, Cory Doctorow urges us to distinguish automated persuasion from automated targeting. Elections and referendums haven't been tipped by changing people into racists, but by connecting to racists and persuading them to vote. Doctorow calls the corporate surveillance system corrupt because the profits are highly concentrated but the damage is borne by society at large.

Medium: http://bit.ly/2NHqGne

Locus: http://bit.ly/2N8tbxY

 

Cybercrime profits from ad fraud

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this report from the Marketing Science Consulting Group, Augustine Fou documents the connection between cybercrime and ad fraud, which he says is the most lucrative use for botnets. Criminals use the devices they compromise to create botnets to click on fake ads displayed on fake sites that they control and that launder traffic by auto-forwarding it to other sites. Fake apps drain most digital advertising budgets. Criminals also profit from selling the tools necessary for these frauds. The Washington Post reports that Twitter is suspending more than 1 million fake and suspicious accounts per day, or a total of over 70 million in May and June 2018, based on input from the AI start-up Magic Pony, which Twitter acquired in 2016. 
Marketing Science (Google Drive): http://bit.ly/2Je1iC5

Washington Post: https://wapo.st/2uqu6Sm

 

Ways to think about machine learning

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, Benedict Evans, a venture capitalist with Andreesen Horowitz, discusses how to think about machine learning, proposing that the key elements are automation, enabling technology, and relational databases. Because data isn't fungible, single-purpose machine learning systems will proliferate but will not approach "intelligence", just as in the 1950s we imagined fully functional robot servants - but got washing machines. In a Guardian feature, Olivia Solon notes that many start-ups claim their offerings are based on artificial intelligence but actually rely on humans to work. Because research shows that people tend to disclose more when they think they are talking to (or their data is being processed by) a machine rather than a human, this lack of transparency is an increasing problem.

Benedict Evans: http://bit.ly/2N5GGyg

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2zwEiyG

 

The disappearing horizon of autonomous vehicles

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this Spectator article, Christian Wolmar, the author of the resent book Driverless Cars: On a Road to Nowhere, visits the autonomous vehicle exhibition in Stuttgart and finds that manufacturers are as skeptical about the hype as he is. The exhibition was full of suppliers, but no car manufacturers, and the few cars on display were not driverless. In a review of Wolmar's book at ZDNet, Wendy M. Grossman found his arguments compelling. In testimony before the California State Senate in February 2018, Rosemary Shahan, founder of Consumers for Auto Reliability and Safety, argued for applying more stringent disclosure and safety standards before allowing autonomous vehicles on the public roads, and warned that the US federal government is preemptively pushing the public to trust car manufacturers to get safety and security right.

Spectator: http://bit.ly/2N4whmq

ZDNet: https://zd.net/2JdBTZp

California Senate (PDF): http://bit.ly/2L9FPfx

 

UK: Government Digital Service struggles to overcome political culture

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at The Register, Rebecca Hill discusses the present state of the Government Digital Service (GDS), set up in 2010 to place technology at the heart of government. GDS founding leader Mike Bracken has gone on to help other governments to copy the group, but in the UK GDS has stalled because the structure and culture within government departments doesn't fit the digital ethos. The story contains lessons for those seeking to digitize organizations with long-entrenched resistance to change.

The Register: http://bit.ly/2L1U0Xe

 

 

***

 

DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

 

State of Our Networks

----------------------------------------

July 13-18, 2018

Toronto, Canada

The theme of this year's State of Our Networks is Do It With Others (DIWO). In the face of threats to the open internet, which tools and tactics will help us respond to the opportunities and challenges of this moment? We are inviting proposals for talks, workshops, discussions, demonstrations and interventions to explore these questions.

http://bit.ly/2NKDWHB

 

The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM

 

PETS

----------------------------------------

July 24-27, 2018

Barcelona, Spain

The Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium brings together privacy experts from around the world to present and discuss recent advances and new perspectives on research in privacy technologies. PETS/PoPETs is the premier venue for novel applied and/or theoretical research into the design, analysis, experimentation, or fielding of privacy-enhancing technologies.

http://bit.ly/2unEs5z

 

Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

 

Free and Open Communications on the Internet

----------------------------------------

FOCI brings together researchers and practitioners from technology, law, and policy who are working on means to study, detect, or circumvent practices that inhibit free and open communications on the Internet.

http://bit.ly/2N8qWKW

 

VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

 

World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

 

Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI) co-design workshop

----------------------------------------

September 12 - 14, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Co-hosted with Amnesty International, this workshop will develop innovative and collaborative approaches for using human rights data for impact, and agree on the next steps for HRMI's expansion of country and rights coverage.

http://bit.ly/2JwLWO6

 

SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

 

Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest V

----------------------------------------

September 27-29

Washington, DC, US

The Global Congress is the main meeting of a global network of over 800 researchers, activists, and practitioners who work on the intersection of intellectual property and promotion of the public interest. The core goal is to promote evidence-based policy-making by fostering partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world.

http://bit.ly/2sSuVnn

 

Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

 

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38

 

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

November 27-29, 2018

Sacramento, CA, USA

The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds annual summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.

http://bit.ly/2N80py1

 

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing

----------------------------------------

November 28, 2018

Tromso, Norway

The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science. The 2018 conference will be the thirteenth edition.

http://bit.ly/2N3zPWb

 

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019

----------------------------------------

January 30 - February 1, 2019

Brussels, Belgium

The 12th international CPDP conference is accepting submissions for panel and session proposals until June 21, 2018.

http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

 

We Robot 2019

----------------------------------------

April 11-13, 2019

Miami, Florida, US

We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.

http://bit.ly/2x6T3XD

 

Global Privacy Summit 2019

----------------------------------------

May 2-3. 2019

Washington, DC

The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globs, whether they work in the public or private sector.

http://bit.ly/2tNnJbP

 

re:publica 2019

----------------------------------------

May 6-8, 2019

Berlin, Germany

The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.

http://bit.ly/2GMXl6o

 

 

***

 

Hear more from the Information Program!

================================

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

 

 

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 29 June 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Communia, EFF, R3D.

 

JOB OPENINGS

============

DataKind

----------------------------------------------------------------------

DataKind is searching for a new Director of Global Community and a Technical Project Manager. DataKind brings together volunteers from around the world to use data science and AI in the service of humanity. The director of global community will be responsible for recruiting expert volunteer teams, working with charity partners to define their data science needs, and managing projects through to success. The technical program manager will be responsible for leading the strategy to expand and support their network of volunteer data scientists and AI experts to create a global force for good.

Director of Global Community: http://bit.ly/2KshVeU

Technical program manager: http://bit.ly/2tNrAp4

 

 

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

 

Egypt: Parliament approves Law on Combating Cybercrimes

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Access Now reports that the Egyptian Parliament has approved the Law on  Combating Cybercrimes, which legalizes broad internet censorship and full surveillance of the country's population. Access Now notes that the law also enables the government to exchange data with foreign countries without requiring those countries to have data protection laws or other requirements limiting scope, retention or processing; is vague about its definitions and purpose; and exacerbates the threat to free expression already posed by Egypt's media and publications laws.

Access Now: http://bit.ly/2KxmuYo

 

European Parliament votes to tighten online copyright

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Communia, an association of digital rights groups, reports that as a result of the June 20 vote on the report on the proposed Copyright in the Single Market Directive, the Legal Affairs Committee of the European Parliament (JURI) has adopted</a> Article 11 (the  publishers' "link tax"); Article 13 (upload filters for open platforms); and a provision intended to force image search engines to pay to display thumbnail images as search results. Earlier, JURI voted against introducing freedom of panorama and permitting the use of protected works in user-generated content. Communia calls the vote "an utter disregard for the rights of citizens in the digital environment". On his blog, Michael Geist reports that in Canada, where the Standing Committee on Industry, Science, and Technology is conducting a copyright review, the motion picture industry is calling for increased liability for internet intermediaries.

Communia: http://bit.ly/2KfMKHv

Geist: http://bit.ly/2Naj5x4

 

US: Supreme Court rules that the Fourth Amendment protects cellphone location data

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At EFF, Andrew Crocker and Jennifer Lynch report that the US Supreme Court has ruled 5-4 in Carpenter v. United States that the Fourth Amendment protects cellphone location information. The result will be to require police to get a warrant in order to access this data. At Lawfare, Sabrina McCubbin gives further background on the case, legal precedents, and the Court's reasoning.

EFF: http://bit.ly/2tDNwnf
Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2tD1cz9
 

India: Group campaigns for privacy-protecting Aadhaar law

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Hindu, Soibam Rocky Singh reports that in response to the Cambridge Analytica scandal and security concerns surrounding the Aadhaar database, the Internet Freedom Foundation is backing a model bill created by a group of lawyers and policy analysts. The Indian Privacy Code 2018 is intended to shift power from the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) to the people by granting citizens the right to know what information has been collected and how it is used; it also creates an option to refuse consent, not currently possible due to administrative practices.

The Hindu: http://bit.ly/2IEyl28

 

US: Security contractors use school shootings to sell facial recognition

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Washington Post, Drew Harwell reports that security contractors are pitching facial recognition systems to leaders of US schools and community centers as a safety shield against school shootings even though the technology is unproven as a deterrent. Vendors decline to give details of how their systems have been designed, tested, or protected on the basis that it's proprietary information, while parents complain about the lack of oversight.
Washington Post: https://wapo.st/2yRQtWs

 

New York Police Department enlarges gang database 70% over four years

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Intercept, Alice Speri reports that the New York Police Department has expanded its gang database by 70% since Mayor Bill de Blasio took office in January 2014. In that time, 99% of those added to the database, which now includes over 42,000 people, were non-white. The NYPD has not explained the criteria on which additions to the database are made or details of how the list is shared or managed. Critics believe the database's expansion is a response to a class-action lawsuit challenging the constitutionality of NYPD's stop-and-frisk program, which stopped 684,330 people in 2011, its peak year.

The Intercept: http://bit.ly/2Kuh0Oc

 

 

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

 

Studying Facebook: send in the scientists

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Bloomberg, mathematician Cathy O'Neil argues that an army of scientists should be sent in during the upcoming 2018 US midterm elections to study Facebook's contention that people can trust it not to let its network undermine democracy. O'Neil proposes A/B testing of headlines and other scientific tests to move the discussion from ideology to science. We need to demand more studies, O'Neil concludes. FactCheck analyzes Facebook's February announcement that it would give independent scholars access to user data so they can study the role it plays in elections. The initiative is backed by seven foundations, who will not have access to the data; peer review and proposal selection will be managed by the Social Science Research Council.

Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2IAepNG

FactCheck: http://bit.ly/2KiXIfuj

 

Iran: The far-reaching effects of the Telegram ban

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Wired, Lily Hay Newman discusses the impact of Iran's ban of the secure communications app  Telegram on the country's citizens. A detailed report from the Center for Human Rights in Iran has collected dozens of first-hand accounts and finds that although many Iranians continue to use Telegram via circumvention tools such as VPNs, the ban is interfering with free speech, journalism, and political campaigning, and harming businesses that depended on it - including government employees.

Wired: http://bit.ly/2IBV52v

 

Mexico: Government, exclusive spyware, and civil society surveillance

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this video clip at The Citizen Lab, R3D director Luis Fernando Garcia discusses Mexico's use of government-exclusive spyware, intended to stop terrorism and serious crime, to illegally target at least 22 people -  journalists, opposition politicians, and civil society actors - working to expose human rights abuses. Garcia hopes the exposure will provide an opportunity to hold those responsible to account and to create a precedent to apply to other human rights abuses in Mexico.
Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2Mw1Cyc

 

Internet of Things provides new vector for domestic abusers

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at the New York Times, Nellie Bowles reports that Internet of Things cameras, thermostats, digital locks, and doorbells are providing domestic abusers with new tools for harassment, monitoring, revenge, and control. In 30 interviews, Bowles found that even when a partner had left the home, the devices often remained behind and continued to provide a vector for intimidation and confusion. Turning everything off may just isolate the victim and escalate the violence. In a few cases, medical personnel have simply thought the victim was crazy.

New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2lI7r09
 

"Deepfake" manipulated videos progress towards realism

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Gizmodo, George Dvorsky finds at the annual SIGGRAPH that the quality of "deepfake" videos - that is, super-realistic manipulated videos - is improving faster than anyone thought possible. The new research system Deep Video Portraits uses generative neural networks to transfer a source actor's facial expressions and movements to a target actor (such as a world leader). TechCrunch reports that the authentication startup Truepic has raised $8 million to work on identifying Deepfakes. At the Verge, James Vincent reports that Adobe is using machine learning to automate digital forensics and spot edited images (such as those its Photoshop product creates). Finally, in an essay at Vice, Samantha Cole argues that media's focus on political hoaxes has drawn attention away from the women the original Deepfakes, a Reddit user, harmed in creating fake pornography. Neither the women whose faces he used nor the pornography actors whose filmed bodies he appropriated gave their consent.

Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2KqyuLv

TechCrunch: https://tcrn.ch/2tOjEUq

Verge: http://bit.ly/2yROscT

Vice: http://bit.ly/2IBhInQ

 

UK: Businesses opt out of cash

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at the Guardian, Tony Naylor considers the growing trend toward cashlessness among British pubs and restaurants, fueled in part by bank closures and in part by concerns about safety and cost. Critics complain that cash-free policies risk excluding people who lack bank accounts or smartphones, and may allow restaurant owners to pocket staff tips. However, also at the Guardian, David Crouch reports that the central bank governor of Sweden, the country nearest to becoming cashless, has called for legislation to ensure that the public sector retains control over the ability to make and receive payments and to ensure that payments can continue if technological systems fail. At the Spectator, Ross Clark, the author of The War on Cash, argues that a cashless world would be a disaster because it will fail to eliminate crime or tax fraud, and would enable politicians and central banks to impose negative interest rates.

Guardian (UK): http://bit.ly/2Kt3kTD

Guardian (Sweden): http://bit.ly/2yUstC8

Spectator: http://bit.ly/2lHJPZi

 

***

 

DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

 

LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU

 

The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM

 

Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

 

VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

 

World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

 

Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI) co-design workshop

----------------------------------------

September 12 - 14, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Co-hosted with Amnesty International, this workshop will develop innovative and collaborative approaches for using human rights data for impact, and agree on the next steps for HRMI's expansion of country and rights coverage.

http://bit.ly/2JwLWO6

 

SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

 

Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest V

----------------------------------------

September 27-29

Washington, DC, US

The Global Congress is the main meeting of a global network of over 800 researchers, activists, and practitioners who work on the intersection of intellectual property and promotion of the public interest. The core goal is to promote evidence-based policy-making by fostering partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world.

http://bit.ly/2sSuVnn

 

Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

 

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38

 

Meeting of the Minds Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

November 27-29, 2018

Sacramento, CA, USA

The 12th annual Meeting of the Minds annual summit will spotlight tools and best practices working for smart city leaders across the globe. The event focuses on emerging and tested urban sustainability solutions which are scalable, replicable, and transferable for cities and regions. Discussions are rooted in a deep understanding of technology and equity as key drivers for smart cities.

http://bit.ly/2N80py1

 

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019

----------------------------------------

January 30 - February 1, 2019

Brussels, Belgium

The 12th international CPDP conference is accepting submissions for panel and session proposals until June 21, 2018.

http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

 

We Robot 2019

----------------------------------------

April 11-13, 2019

Miami, Florida, US

We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.

http://bit.ly/2x6T3XD

 

Global Privacy Summit 2019

----------------------------------------

May 2-3. 2019

Washington, DC

The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globs, whether they work in the public or private sector.

http://bit.ly/2tNnJbP

 

re:publica 2019

----------------------------------------

May 6-8, 2019

Berlin, Germany

The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.

http://bit.ly/2GMXl6o

 

 

***

 

Hear more from the Information Program!

================================

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Hear less from the Information Program!

================================

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

 

 

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 15 June 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group.

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


Amazon partners with law enforcement on cheap facial recognition

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Washington Post, Elizabeth Dwoskin reports that documents obtained by the American Civil Liberties Union of Northern California reveal that Amazon is selling - for minimal amounts - facial recognition tools known as "Rekognition" and related consulting services - to law enforcement agencies in Oregon and Orlando, Florida. A coalition of civil rights groups, including ACLU, EFF, and Human Rights Watch, has called on the company to end the program, which they argue could lead to increased surveillance of vulnerable communities. Matt Wood, the general manager of artificial intelligence at Amazon, has published a blog posting defending the company's decision. At Democracy Now, Center for Media Justice co-founder Malkia Cyril calls the program "terrifying" and inherently discriminatory.

Washington Post: https://wapo.st/2JxKxXN

Amazon: https://amzn.to/2JQRkLl

Democracy Now: http://bit.ly/2JNh9Mg


Max Schrems sues Google and Facebook over "forced consent"

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Register, Rebecca Hill reports that Austrian privacy activist Max Schrems celebrated May 25, the first day of enforcement of the EU's General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), by using his NOYB non-profit organization to file lawsuits against Google and Facebook, along with Facebook subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram. Schrems' complaints argue that while the companies have introduced new privacy policies to comply with GDPR, the consent mechanisms do not meet the regulation's standards for specific consent.

Register: http://bit.ly/2JQhtdk


US: FBI caught overstating encryption problem

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Washington Post, Devlin Barrett reports that FBI director Christopher A. Wray has repeatedly overstated its concerns about encrypted cellphones. Instead of the nearly 7,800 devices the agency claimed investigators were locked out of in 2017, the true number is more likely to be between 1,000 and 2,000. The claim formed part of a campaign to prevent digital communications from "going dark" by ensuring law enforcement access to encrypted communications.

Washington Post: https://wapo.st/2HHyMYY


Tanzania orders unregistered bloggers to shut down

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Africa News reports that Tanzania has ordered all unregistered bloggers to shut down under new regulations coming into force in Tanzania that require all bloggers to apply for an online license by June 15. Registration costs bloggers and owners of online forums such as YouTube channels up to $900, approximately equal to the country's per capita income. Those convicted of failure to comply with the regulations face fines of at least $2,200 and 12 months in prison, or both. At Quartz Africa, Abdi Latif Dahir reports that among the closures is one of Tanzania's top homegrown online platforms, Jamii Forums. Founded in 2006, Jamii has been called the "Swahili version of Wikileaks" and the "Tanzanian Reddit". One of its founders appeared in court more than 50 times in 2017, and the site has been influential in exposing government corruption.

Africa News: http://bit.ly/2JLnsQp

Quartz: http://bit.ly/2t2wgHd


Brazil: Data protection law passes Lower House

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At America's Quarterly, Robert Muggah and Louise Marie Hurel report that the Brazilian' Lower House has passed legislation that would require all public and private entities operating in the country to secure users' and clients' consent to store their personal data. If approved by the Senate, although the law doesn't meet the standard set by the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, it will include many provisions to protect privacy and limit discriminatory profiling; it will also create a Data Protection Authority and a National Council for the Protection of personal Data. At G1, Marília Marques reports that after a three-month investigation the Public Ministry of the Federal District has found that the Federal Data Processing Service (Serpro) has been marketing and selling Brazilian's personal data. The case has been referred to the Federal Public Ministry.

America's Quarterly: http://bit.ly/2y5lztl

G1 (Portuguese): http://bit.ly/2t1YoKE

Google Translate (English): http://bit.ly/2JxKVFJ


European Parliament will vote June 20 on Copyright Directive

----------------------------------------------------------------------

The BBC reports that on June 20 the European Parliament will vote on the EU's proposed new Copyright Directive. Of particular concern is Article 13, which dozens of campaigning groups including Copyright4Creativity, the Open Rights Group, and EFF have warned could put an end to user-generated memes, remixes, and other content on the web by requiring platforms to filter out any uploaded content that violates copyright. At the Wikimedia blog, Jan Gerlach explains in detail the problems with Article 13: filters are generally overbroad; their use tends to expand into other areas not originally envisaged ("mission creep"); and automated content detection systems are expensive, disadvantaging start-ups and small sites. Communia, a network of activists, researchers, and practitioners from ten EU countries, proposes that the European Parliament should instead adopt the opinion of the Internal Market and Consumer Protection Committee (IMCO), which has also been adopted by the Civil Liberties Committee (LIBE) and would limit Article 13's negative effects.

BBC: https://bbc.in/2Mls7qP

Wikimedia: http://bit.ly/2t4hXls

Communia: http://bit.ly/2sSBZQR


AI researchers boycott new Nature journal

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, machine learning researcher Neil Lawrence reports that more than 3,000 AI researchers have signed a pledge to boycott Springer Nature's new for-profit journal, Nature Machine Intelligence. Lawrence argues that since taxpayers fund his research they should not have to pay again to read the results, and that researchers at less well-funded universities deserve equal access.

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2LIvKGe



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Google's AI principles

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, Google CEO Sundar Pichai publishes the company's AI principles. These include creating social benefits, avoiding unfair bias, and testing for safety, and include values such as accountability, privacy, and scientific excellence. The posting also lists applications the company will not pursue: weapons, surveillance outside of internationally accepted norms, and technologies likely to cause overall harm. At Jacobin Mag, Ben Tarnoff interviews one of the Google employees who led the successful campaign to get the company to promise not to renew its Project Maven contract with the Pentagon, which uses machine learning to improve the targeting of drone strikes. A separate blog posting outlines the company's recommended practices for building AI systems. Finally, on his blog MIT Media Lab director Joi Ito discusses the need to incorporate ethics alongside the optimism characteristic of research at the boundaries of science and technology.

Google (principles): http://bit.ly/2sSYiFQ

Jacobin Mag: http://bit.ly/2t4vdXc

Google (responsibility): http://bit.ly/2HIjGlZ

Media Lab: http://bit.ly/2sSAmCI


Why Americans' location data is no longer private

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, investigative security journalist Brian Krebs studies the regulatory and technical background leading up to the LocationSmart breach. In mid-May, Krebs discovered that LocationSmart, a US-based aggregator of real-time mobile device location data, had been leaking location data for customers of all the major US mobile carriers via its website in real time without consent or the need for any form of authentication or authorization. It's not clear how the Federal Trade Commission will handle this or any of the other similar leaks involving T-Mobile, Comcast, and Securus Technologies. Worst of all, Krebs writes, even though Carnegie-Mellon researcher Robert Xiao has demonstrated that it's easy to look up the precise location of any mobile number in the US, public interest faded quickly.

Krebs: http://bit.ly/2JDPB8L


Israel's law to ban filming soldiers

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this Guardian article, Roy Greenslade argues that Israel should abandon proposals for a law that would prohibit photographing or filming Israeli Defense Forces "with the intention of undermining the spirit" of the army and make violations punishable by five to ten years in prison. Images, he says, leave indelible truth in viewers' minds even when the text is filled with propaganda. At TheNewArab, CJ Werleman explains the background: the 2014 Israeli siege in Gaza was one of the first wars to be photographed by amateurs who distributed their images via social media.

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2JxLYFF

TheNewArab: http://bit.ly/2l4bGTl


Twenty years of surveillance

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At this page are hosted the video streams from the UK's Foundation for Information Policy Research 20th birthday celebration, a one-day conference outlining the past, present, and future of surveillance and the internet. Of particular note are Ross Anderson's introduction, former MP Julian Huppert's account of his experiences during the debates over the Communications Data Bill and Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act, philosopher Onora O'Neill's provocations, and revelations by Jen Persson, whose NGO defenddigitalme finds that UK's Department of Education collects as many as 400 data items per pupil and sells them on to commercial firms while refusing to grant subject access requests by schoolkids and their parents. At net.wars, Wendy M. Grossman has a summary of the day.

YouTube: http://bit.ly/2sTW8WB

net.wars: http://bit.ly/2MkmRE1


Platform business models and their influence on workers' well-being

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this Medium article, Marija Gavrilov summarizes the International Labour Office's Future of Work research paper, which examines the business models and impact on workers of platforms such as Uber and Deliveroo. The report analyzes the platforms' propensity to contribute to worker exploitation, and recommends that regulators focus on enabling worker agency and reducing platform control, which is being eroded by practices such as refusing to share data on which decisions are made.

Medium: http://bit.ly/2MmhCn2

ILO (report, PDF): http://bit.ly/2JIrUfH


Our phones are listening

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Vice, Sam Nichols examines the widespread belief that Facebook uses its smartphone app to listen to our conversations and serve up related ads. After some experimentation, he concludes it's true: although Google and Apple require a trigger to activate Siri and OK Google, third-party apps may have thousands of triggers even though Facebook and others deny they listen. At the Guardian, Sam Wolfson reports that an Amazon Alexa device recorded a private conversation between its owner and her husband and sent it to a random contact in their address book. An Amazon spokesman confirmed the privacy breach but offered no explanation.

Vice: http://bit.ly/2t9usfV

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ycBk1Q



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing

----------------------------------------

June 22-24, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

The theme of ELPUB 2018 is Connecting the Knowledge Commons: From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure. The question of sustainability in the open access movement has been widely debated, yet satisfactory answers have yet to be generated. In the past, ELPUB has featured research results in various aspects of digital publishing, involving a diverse international community of librarians, developers, publishers, entrepreneurs, administrators and researchers across the disciplines in the sciences and the humanities. It is unique as a platform for both researchers, professionals and the broader community. The conference contains a multi-track presentation of refereed papers as well as invited keynotes, special sessions, demonstrations, and poster presentations.

http://bit.ly/2rB60Ef


LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU


The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM


Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE


VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q


World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta


Human Rights Measurement Initiative (HRMI) co-design workshop

----------------------------------------

September 12 - 14, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Co-hosted with Amnesty International, this workshop will develop innovative and collaborative approaches for using human rights data for impact, and agree on the next steps for HRMI's expansion of country and rights coverage.

http://bit.ly/2JwLWO6


SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU


Global Congress on Intellectual Property and the Public Interest V

----------------------------------------

September 27-29

Washington, DC, US

The Global Congress is the main meeting of a global network of over 800 researchers, activists, and practitioners who work on the intersection of intellectual property and promotion of the public interest. The core goal is to promote evidence-based policy-making by fostering partnerships between academics and policy advocates from around the world.

http://bit.ly/2sSuVnn


Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu


International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38


Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019

----------------------------------------

January 30 - February 1, 2019

Brussels, Belgium

The 12th international CPDP conference is accepting submissions for panel and session proposals until June 21, 2018.

http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x


We Robot 2019

----------------------------------------

April 11-13, 2019

Miami, Florida, US

We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.

http://bit.ly/2x6T3XD


re:publica 2019

----------------------------------------

May 6-8, 2019

Berlin, Germany

The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.

http://bit.ly/2GMXl6o



***


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 25 May 2018
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Benetech, EFF.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US Senate overrules Federal Communications Commission on network neutrality
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Jon Brodkin reports that on May 9 the US Senate voted 52-47 to reverse the Federal Communications Commission's December 2017 repeal of network neutrality rules. The measure, a Congressional Review Act, undoes the FCC's vote; to come into force it must be approved by the House and signed by President Trump by June 11, when the FCC's repeal is due to take effect. At EFF, Ernesto Falcon explains the "discharge petition" process that will be needed to force a vote in the House, which is known to be reluctant to consider network neutrality.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2IJxg9Z
EFF: http://bit.ly/2IEA0cB

Sweden cancels agreement with Elsevier over Open Access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Times Higher Education reports that the Bibsam Consortium, which represents 85 Swedish universities and research institutes, has announced it will not renew its agreement with Elsevier when it expires on June 30. The Swedish government has said that all publicly funded research should be made freely available by 2026; the consortium says that Elsevier has not met its open access-related requirements. In balking at journal publishers' requirements, Sweden joins Germany, which has a long-running dispute with Elsevier, and France, where The Scientist reports that in March research institutions canceled their agreement with Springer rather than pay the increased subscription rates the publisher wanted.
THE: http://bit.ly/2IGVups
Scientist: http://bit.ly/2J63Eap

Brazil: São Paulo metro stations embed facial recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At CityLab, Ignacio Amigo reports that the Via Quattro, the concessionary operator São Paulo Metro's Yellow Line, has experimentally installed a set of interactive platform doors that display ads and information in three stations. The doors also incorporate sensors and facial recognition in order to monitor viewers' reactions. The line, which is the only privately-run section of São Paulo's transport system, carries approximately 305,000 passengers every weekday to the three stations. Although Marco. the Brazilian Civil Rights Framework for the Internet, has a chapter covering the rights of app users, the Yellow Line monitoring is not covered. This may change soon, as a vote on the Personal Data Protection bill is pending in the lower house of the National Congress.
CityLab: http://bit.ly/2s8BW1U

India: WhatsApp plays crucial role in Karnataka state elections
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Vindu Goel reports that WhatsApp played a crucial role in political campaigning in the lead-up to the May 12 elections in the Indian state of Karnataka. WhatsApp is often overlooked in the West, but in developing countries it is playing an increasingly central role in elections, both to distribute campaign messages and to sow misinformation, disruption, and sectarian tensions. Goel cites as contributing factors the loss of originating information when messages are forwarded, anonymity for users who identify themselves solely by a phone number, and the lack of transparency to outsiders because of the service's end-to-end encryption. Goel concludes that what, if any, effect WhatsApp had on Karnataka's final election results may never be clear.
New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2xd95iG

US: Court bars President Donald Trump from blocking Twitter users
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Reuters, Brendan Pierson reports that US District Judge Naomi Reice Buchwald in New York has ruled that President Donald F. Trump, who tweets as @RealDonaldTrump, cannot legally block Twitter users because doing so violates their free speech rights under the First Amendment. Buchwald did not order Trump to unblock the users he has already blocked, but said she assumed that either he or his co-defendant and social media director, Dan Scanvino, would do so given her decision. The case was brought by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University and several Twitter users, who argued that by blocking users critical of him Trump was shutting them out of discussion in a public forum.
Reuters: https://reut.rs/2J06qOe

Benetech discontinues Martus human rights reporting software
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At its blog, Benetech reports that it intends to cease development of its 15-year-old end-to-end encrypted Martus software for human rights data collection. While Benetech remains convinced that such a system is sorely needed by the human rights community, it believes that it is not practical to move forward with it given current technical requirements. Benetech stresses that it is not aware of existing vulnerabilities in the software and that the Martus backup server will continue to be available for use. The group is beginning to coordinate conversations to identify and address gaps and needs around human rights documentation.
Benetech: http://bit.ly/2kmxB7Y

Researchers devise inaudible commands that drive voice assistants
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Craig S. Smith reports that researchers can send secret audio instructions the human ear can't detect to the speech-driven devices Siri (Apple), Alexa (Amazon), and Assistant (Google). Researchers in both China and the US have shown they can secretly activate these systems on smartphones and smart speakers and, simply by playing music, make them dial phone numbers or open websites - and, potentially, unlock doors, wire money, or make purchases online. All three companies say they have security measures in place including voice recognition and device locking. However, many people leave their devices unlocked, and interference techniques are improving all the time. So far, none have been seen in the wild. At the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue blog, Campaign for a Commercial-Free Childhood communications and operations manager Melissa Campbell advises parents not to buy Amazon's new Echo Dot Kids for both developmental and privacy reasons.
New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2LrJe9V
TACD: http://bit.ly/2s7o8oE


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

The first real look at Facebook's community standards enforcement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Gizmodo, Rhett Jones discusses Facebook's first bi-annual content moderation report, which shows that the company's moderation systems caught more objectionable content in the first quarter of 2018 than in the last quarter of 2017. However, because Facebook can't say how big the problem is, it's hard to determine whether the company's algorithmic systems are improving or whether the amount of objectionable content is increasing. Facebook estimates that fake accounts represent 3% to 4% of its estimated monthly active user base of 2.2 billion; in the first quarter of 2018 the company removed 583 million fake accounts. About 21 million pieces of content classed as nudity and sexual content were removed in each quarter; 38% of hate speech was removed before being reported by users. EFF's Jillian C. York praises the company's first steps toward transparency, but would like greater clarity about the reasons for content deletion, the mistakes moderators and automated systems make, and differentiation between the removal of fake accounts versus suspensions for other violations.
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2Lqxaph
EFF: http://bit.ly/2xcPpMe

Poking the intellectual property bear
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Wired article, Lawrence Lessig opposes the Classics Act, which would create a new digital performance right for musical recordings made before 1972. This new right, Lessig argues, is effectively a term extension, as the new right in these recordings would be protected until 2067, 144 years after some of them were created. Archives streaming early recordings that are currently in the public domain would now have to clear permission. The bill has passed the House of Representatives and is pending in the Senate; 40 professors of intellectual property have signed a letter asking Congress to reject the act. In a follow-up at Medium, Lessig addresses some of the most common attacks on him and his arguments.
https://www.wired.com/story/congress-latest-move-to-extend-copyright-protection-is-misguided/
Medium: http://bit.ly/2IIQHzN

The Selfish Ledger
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip obtained by The Verge, Google conducts a thought experiment to imagine a future in which collections of information known as "ledgers", like "selfish genes", use individuals to meet their own goals. In this imaginary future, through total data collection Google guides the behavior of individuals toward set goals and entire populations to solve global problems. The company explained that the clip is intentionally disturbing to provoke internal discussion but is not related to any current or future products. Creating a spectrum of "deservingness", Eubanks finds, often means prioritizing cost-effectiveness over need, and these systems are based on data drawn only from those who use the public programs, adding further discriminatory effects.
Verge: http://bit.ly/2J1khDX

Algorithms won't make poverty go away
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this feature at the Guardian, Virginia Eubanks, author of Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor, travels the US investigating the use of AI-driven decision systems for allocating scarce resources to poor people. Automated eligibility systems remove discretion from caseworkers and replace welfare offices with forms and privatized call centers; the result is that often the people who need the services are barred from using them. In a video clip at Data & Society, Safiya Umoja Noble, the author of Algorithms of Oppression, discusses the social problem of data discrimination and the biased search algorithms that discriminate against women of color.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2kijj8l
Data & Society: http://bit.ly/2ki56bp

The problem with Chinese GPS
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Now I Know, Dan Lewis discusses discrepancies in Chinese digital maps such as those available at Google due to technical differences between the World Geodetic System 1984, the basis for most of the world's mapping and guidance systems, and China's own GCJ-02 cartography system. China, Lewis writes, regards map data as a matter of national security, applies an obfuscation algorithm, and requires map-makers to obtain a cartography license. Translation tools exist, but they're hard to find, not that reliable, and against Chinese law.
Now I Know: http://bit.ly/2IIedNn

The untold story of Japan's secret spy agency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Intercept, Ryan Gallegher explores the past and present inner workings of Japan's equivalent of the US National Security Agency, C1. The article is based on a joint investigation by The Intercept and Japanese broadcaster NHK, beginning with the first internal document from Japan's surveillance agency that has ever been disclosed, which formed part of the cache of documents leaked by Edward Snowden. Work at C1's base at Tachiarai, about 700 miles southwest of Tokyo seems to focus on monitoring the activities of foreign countries by intercepting communications and data passing among the 200-plus satellites visible from there. Helping C1 is the specialist technical Ministry of Defense-connected J6 unit, which among other things analyzes malware and develops anti-hacking countermeasures.
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2J1G8v6


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Foundation for Information Policy Research 20th anniversary
----------------------------------------
May 29, 2018
Cambridge, UK
For its 20th anniversary, the UK's Foundation for Information Policy Research, founded to campaign against 1990s proposals for surveillance laws, will host a debate in Cambridge featuring representatives of NGOs and GCHQ, academia and DeepMind, the press and the Cabinet Office. Should governments be able to break the encryption on our phones? Are we entitled to any privacy for our health and social care records? And what can be done about fake news? If the Internet's going to be censored, who do we trust to do it?
http://bit.ly/2I65WT2

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
May 30-31
Washington, DC, USA
PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.
http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ

Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop
----------------------------------------
June 7-8, 2018
Johannesburg, South Africa
Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication. 
http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------
June 7-8, 2018
New York, NY, USA
Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better.  This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.
http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 22-24, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The theme of ELPUB 2018 is Connecting the Knowledge Commons: From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure. The question of sustainability in the open access movement has been widely debated, yet satisfactory answers have yet to be generated. In the past, ELPUB has featured research results in various aspects of digital publishing, involving a diverse international community of librarians, developers, publishers, entrepreneurs, administrators and researchers across the disciplines in the sciences and the humanities. It is unique as a platform for both researchers, professionals and the broader community. The conference contains a multi-track presentation of refereed papers as well as invited keynotes, special sessions, demonstrations, and poster presentations.
http://bit.ly/2rB60Ef

LIBER Annual Conference
----------------------------------------
July 4-6, 2018
Lille, France
The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.
http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU

The Circle of HOPE
----------------------------------------
July 20-22, 2018
New York, NY, USA
Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.
http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM

Defcon
----------------------------------------
August 9-12, 2018
Las Vegas, NV, USA
The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.
http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference
----------------------------------------
August 20-21, 2018
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c
http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2018
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.
http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

SciELO 20 Years Conference
----------------------------------------
September 26-28, 2018
São Paulo, Brazil
In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.
http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

Amsterdam Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
October 5-9, 2018
Amsterdam, Netherlands
APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.
http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
http://bit.ly/2B1bX38

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The 12th international CPDP conference is accepting submissions for panel and session proposals until June 21, 2018.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://bit.ly/2x6T3XD

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
http://bit.ly/2GMXl6o

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 May 2018

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Cambridge Analytica files for bankruptcy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Guardian, Olivia Solon and Oliver Laughland report that Cambridge Analytica is closing and has filed for insolvency proceedings, along with its UK affiliate, SCL Elections. However, also at the Guardian, Wendy Siegelman reports that a web of at least 18 linked companies created by the company's executives is already in place to continue the same work. Based in the US and UK, these companies include Emerdata Limited, incorporated in August 2017 and expanded with new directors and funding in January 2018. Cambridge Analytica's business structure is highly complex; at Medium, Siegelman and Ann Marlowe have graphed its corporate relationships.
Guardian (insolvency): http://bit.ly/2G0bhct
Guardian (Emerdata): http://bit.ly/2FYMGVM
Medium: http://bit.ly/2KNhRqB

Amazon blocks "domain fronting"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Sean Gallegher reports that Amazon has joined Google in blocking "domain fronting" that exploits content delivery networks to bypass national censorship. Amazon sent a message to the developers of the encrypted phone and messaging service Signal warning that their account would be closed if they continued to use Amazon's CloudFront service in this way. Signal head Moxie Marlinspike posted the warning email to Github.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2wpNZgJ

UK: High Court strikes down portions of the Investigatory Powers Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group reports that the UK High Court has ruled against the mass surveillance powers enshrined in the 2016 Investigatory Powers Act. There were two key elements to the ruling: first, that the purpose of access to retained data was not limited to combating serious crime, and second, that access to retained data was not subject to prior review by a court or administrative body. The case was brought by Liberty following the European Court of Justice (CJEU) ruling against the 2014 Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act; the CJEU held that the bulk and non-targeted surveillance powers in DRIPA were not compatible with EU law. The British court has given the UK government until November 1, 2018 to ensure that the IPA's surveillance provisions are brought into line with EU law.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2I5IZzj

A predictive policing pioneer aims to automate identifying gang-related crime
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Verge, Ali Winston and Ingrid Burrington report that UCLA anthropology professor Jeff Brantingham, a pioneer in predictive policing, is using military research funding to use machine learning to automate the classification of "gang-related" crimes. The system will rely on the Los Angeles Police Department's criminal data and a gang territory map that Winston and Burrington call "outdated". In LA, being classified as gang-related can result in additional sanctions: restrictions on movement and association with others, heavier prison sentences, or extra criminal charges. In his paper, presented at the first Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, and Society conference, Brantingham and his co-authors explain a "novel" partially generative neural network that they claim can accurately classify gang-related crimes whether full or only partial information is available.
https://www.theverge.com/2018/4/26/17285058/predictive-policing-predpol-pentagon-ai-racial-bias
http://www.aies-conference.com/wp-content/papers/main/AIES_2018_paper_93.pdf

US: "Golden State killer" identified via public genealogy databases
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the LA Times, Benjamin Oreskes, Joseph Serna, and Richard Winton report that detectives in California identified "Golden State killer" suspect 72-year-old Joseph James DeAngelo by matching an exceptionally well-preserved DNA sample from a crime scene against samples submitted to GEDmatch, a public genealogy database. The elusive Golden State killer was linked to more than 50 rapes and 12 murders between 1976 and 1986. Many commentators have expressed relief that he was caught, but remain disturbed at law enforcement's use of highly personal data that people have provided in order to find relatives. The pending Supreme Court Carpenter v. US case, which focuses on police use of cell tower data, may set the stage for legal challenges to the use of other types of data, including DNA samples.
LA Times: https://lat.ms/2I1xX21

International intelligence sharing arrangements lack oversight
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy International reports that an international collaborative investigation by 40 NGOs in 42 countries has found weaknesses in the oversight arrangement that are supposed to govern the sharing of information between state intelligence agencies. PI argues that legal safeguards and oversight mechanisms are essential. However, most countries lack domestic legislation to regulate intelligence sharing; only one has introduced specific legislation. In addition, oversight bodies in nine of 21 responding countries said the agencies have no clear legal obligation to inform them of the intelligence sharing arrangements they make. None of the oversight bodies said they have powers to authorize decisions to share intelligence.
PI: http://bit.ly/2wuTpY0


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

EU, Brazil: Disinformation initiatives and their threat to free expression
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the Center for Democracy and Technology, Jens-Henrik Jeppesen discusses the report issued by the European Commission's High-Level Group on fake news and worries that the speed and poorly defined scope with which the EC wants to proceed will pose a threat to free expression, political debate, and access to information. In a blog posting, Access Now discusses several South American countries' proposed approaches to eliminating fake news, which are of concern to civil society because of the threat of censorship.
CDT: http://bit.ly/2rxwrd3
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2wr4fhL

How bookies use AI to keep gamblers hooked
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Guardian, Mattha Busby discovers the gambling industry's use of artificial intelligence in order to get and keep gamblers hooked on their services. Industry insiders tell Busby that the result, based on analyzing every click and transaction, is highly accurate targeting designed to keep people betting. In an earlier article, Busby examined gambling companies' use of third-party data to help them target people on low incomes and those who have stopped gambling.
Guardian (AI): http://bit.ly/2I3TiYE
Guardian (third party): http://bit.ly/2jHTMF8

Future proofing civil society and our institutions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this transcribed talk at Access Now, European policy manager Fanny Hidvegi discusses the background that led her to her advocacy work and the importance of self-care to avoid burn-out for the resilience and future-proofing for both activists and our democratic institutions. Access Now operates a helpline to support journalists, activists, and users at risk. At the New York Times, Yale professor of law and history Samuel Moyn argues that the human rights movement has failed because it did not embrace the value of economic fairness. Changing course to advocate distributional fairness is, Moyn says, essential to combat the rise of populism.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2InznDo
NY Times: https://nyti.ms/2rvXo0y

The challenge of humanitarian biometrics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at IRIN, Paul Currion discusses how to use biometrics in the humanitarian context. In a 2006 report issued by the UN's Malaysian refugee agency, UNHCR, Currion finds evidence for his contention that biometric registration is typically driven by the interests of national governments, technology companies, and aid agencies. Originally funded by the EU and the US, building UNHCR's biometric system has involved a number of companies including PA Consulting, which also worked on the UK's biometric border control system. Currion goes on to raise two concerns about these systems: security, and the privacy risks to vulnerable communities and individuals. At the EDRI blog, Statewatch analyses new EU proposals for mandatory biometrics in national ID cards, which are issued to 370 million citizens in 26 EU member states. Introducing such a measure will require fingerprinting the majority of EU citizens, complementing the fingerprinting of non-EU citizens who require visas in order to enter the bloc.
IRIN: http://bit.ly/2K4Vls6
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2IoZcTv

Text and data mining in the European copyright overhaul
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at EFF, Jeremy Malcolm analyzes the text and data mining provisions taking shape as part of the EU's copyright negotiations, which are expected to become complete over the next few weeks. Because the EU lacks a US-style fair use law, there is little consistency between member states on user rights; the EU also has separate intellectual property protection for databases. As a result, the legality of text and data mining in Europe is questionable. With this - and with the needs of scientists - in mind, the EU proposed to clarify the situation. Malcolm goes on to discuss the limitations the EU is considering and the issues they create.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2G0037Y

We Robot 2018
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On its agenda page, the 2018 We Robot conference hosts the draft papers and abstracts from this year's conference. Of particular interest are two papers on robots in urban settings, Jesse Woo's paper on Urban Robotics and Kristen Thomasen's paper on Robots in the Public Square, as well as Karen Levy's short talk on the double threat of AI for low-wage work. Adrian Mannes's paper on Explaining Autonomy focuses on the importance of risk communication in building public trust in the companies making the robots that are beginning to populate our world.
We Robot: https://stanford.io/2wtj4A8


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2018
San Francisco, CA, USA
ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.
http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r

Foundation for Information Policy Research 20th anniversary
----------------------------------------
May 29, 2018
Cambridge, UK
For its 20th anniversary, the UK's Foundation for Information Policy Research, founded to campaign against 1990s proposals for surveillance laws, will host a debate in Cambridge featuring representatives of NGOs and GCHQ, academia and DeepMind, the press and the Cabinet Office. Should governments be able to break the encryption on our phones? Are we entitled to any privacy for our health and social care records? And what can be done about fake news? If the Internet's going to be censored, who do we trust to do it?
http://bit.ly/2I65WT2

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
May 30-31
Washington, DC, USA
PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.
http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ

Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop
----------------------------------------
June 7-8, 2018
Johannesburg, South Africa
Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication.
http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------
June 7-8, 2018
New York, NY, USA
Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better. This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.
http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 22-24, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
The theme of ELPUB 2018 is Connecting the Knowledge Commons: From Projects to Sustainable Infrastructure. The question of sustainability in the open access movement has been widely debated, yet satisfactory answers have yet to be generated. In the past, ELPUB has featured research results in various aspects of digital publishing, involving a diverse international community of librarians, developers, publishers, entrepreneurs, administrators and researchers across the disciplines in the sciences and the humanities. It is unique as a platform for both researchers, professionals and the broader community. The conference contains a multi-track presentation of refereed papers as well as invited keynotes, special sessions, demonstrations, and poster presentations.
http://bit.ly/2rB60Ef

LIBER Annual Conference
----------------------------------------
July 4-6, 2018
Lille, France
The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.
http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU

The Circle of HOPE
----------------------------------------
July 20-22, 2018
New York, NY, USA
Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.
http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM

Defcon
----------------------------------------
August 9-12, 2018
Las Vegas, NV, USA
The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.
http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference
----------------------------------------
August 20-21, 2018
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c
http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2018
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.
http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

SciELO 20 Years Conference
----------------------------------------
September 26-28, 2018
São Paulo, Brazil
In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.
http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

Amsterdam Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
October 5-9, 2018
Amsterdam, Netherlands
APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.
http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
http://bit.ly/2B1bX38


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 27 April 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Privacy International, SPARC.

Digital Freedom Fund seeks program officer
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The ideal candidate will have four to five years of professional experience in the non-profit sector, preferably in a grant-making capacity, and has a demonstrable commitment to human rights. Prior experience with digital rights is not required, but an interest in human rights in the digital sphere is of course important for the role.
http://bit.ly/2Fjtphh

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


Facebook moves 1.5 billion users outside the reach of EU data protection law

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Alex Hern reports that Facebook will shift legal responsibility for its 1.5 billion users outside the US, Canada, and the EU from its international headquarters in Ireland to its main offices in California, thereby removing them from the reach of the incoming General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Those users will be covered by US law, although for tax purposes Facebook will continue to book their revenue through its Irish office. LinkedIn will follow suit on May 8. At CNN, Bruce Schneier discusses the likely impact of GDPR on the thousands of companies that are spying on us. At Medium, Privacy International argues that Facebook has avoided acknowledging the importance of data about individuals that is inferred, derived, or predicted from information automatically collected from others' postings. PI also details how social media profiling works and why it's both dangerous and illegal under GDPR. In an interview at New York Magazine, Richard Stallman argues that rather than controlling how companies and governments collect and use data we should stop them from doing it. At Medium, Linet Kwamboka discusses the impact of Facebook's data scandal in Africa, where only 17 countries have data protection laws; she especially looks at Kenyans' reduced Facebook usage.

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2HwWYOc

CNN: https://cnn.it/2HwMjXV

Medium (PI): http://bit.ly/2r0mlkH

NY Magazine: https://slct.al/2Khxp5G

Medium (Africa): http://bit.ly/2r1l1yR


Google closes network bug that enabled bypass of state censorship

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Verge, Russell Brandom reports that Google's App Engine is discontinuing a practice known as "domain-fronting", which enabled services such as Signal, GreatFire.org, and Psiphon's virtual private networking to bypass state-level internet censorship. First noticed by developers on April 13, the change to Google's network architecture stops these services from using Google's network as a proxy to forward traffic to their own servers. Google says domain fronting was never an intended network feature. Along with other groups, Access Now is asking Google to reconsider.

Verge: http://bit.ly/2vMwIho


Russia blocks millions of IP addresses to enforce Telegram ban

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Andrew Roth reports that Russia's internet watchdog, Roskomnadzor, is blocking an estimated 16 million IP addresses, including subnets used by Amazon Web Services and Google Cloud, as part of efforts to enforce its ban on the Telegram messaging app. Telegram is used by more than 13 million people in Russia, including Kremlin officials. The ban is supported by a court decision and the FSB. Also at the Guardian, Roth and Saeed Kamali Dehghan report that Iran seems ready to follow suit, as Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has announced he is leaving the service "to safeguard the national interest". An estimated 40 million Iranians, or about half the country's population, use Telegram for its broadcast functions as well as one-to-one messaging.

Guardian (Russia): http://bit.ly/2JsWoSc

Guardian (Iran): http://bit.ly/2vMx47I


Sri Lanka: False rumors on social media spark violence

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the New York Times, Amanda Taub and Max Fisher report on riots and lynchings in Sri Lanka, where false rumors, which are spread primarily on Facebook, have led people to believe that the small town of Ampara is the epicenter of a Muslim plot to sterilize and destroy the country's Sinhalese majority. Taub and Fisher argue that in countries with weak or undeveloped institutions, posts that tap into anger and fear have greater impact because Facebook is seen as synonymous with the internet and other reputable information sources are scarce. Similar situations have arisen in rural Indonesia, India, and Mexico. At the Guardian, Michael McGowan reports that Ian MacKay, a high-ranking Australian official with the National Union of Workers, helped set up and run a fake Black Lives Matter Facebook page. MacKay has been suspended; the page, which had nearly 700,000 followers, was removed after CNN began investigating.

NY Times: https://nyti.ms/2Hzoueg

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2I1CYnZ


France develops homebrew encryption system

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At TechDirt, Mike Masnick reports that France is testing a homegrown encrypted messaging system for its government officials while continuing to push for backdoors for other encrypted communications. Masick questions the logic of this decision, both for the inequitable "Let them eat insecure messages" attitude toward the general public and for the technical risks of using a system that has not been repeatedly tested by cryptanalysts.

TechDirt: http://bit.ly/2HsUXXv


Study finds Android apps track children

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Tom's Guide, Henry T. Casey reports that a new study by the Berkeley-based International Computer Science Institute finds that 57% of the 5,855 apps it studied appear to be in potential violation of the 1998 Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). The apps are all popular, free, and targeted at children. Many plug into Facebook's application programming interface (API). Others collect identifiers or personally identifiable information despite terms of service barring use for children's apps; 40% do not encrypt data for transmission. At Slate, Justin Peters asks why Google won't admit that YouTube is for children. Consumer protection advocates have complained to the Federal Trade Commission that the platform violates COPPA.

Tom's Guide: http://bit.ly/2HZ5eHO

Slate: https://slate.me/2HYsGF7


Fingerprint scanning technology moves forward

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Undark, Rod McCullom reports that new techniques developed by researchers at the University of Surrey can analyze biochemical traces in the sweat in fingerprints to reveal whether the subject has taken drugs. The article goes on to discuss the privacy and ethical implications of turning fingerprints from biometric identifiers into revealing sources of forensic information. At its blog, the South Wales Police reports that an enhanced phone image of a hand enabled fingerprint experts to secure drugs convictions against 11 people.

Undark: http://bit.ly/2HyHE3B

South Wales Police: http://bit.ly/2HxnKWQ



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Palantir knows everything about you

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Bloomberg, Peter Waldman, Lizette Chapman, and Jordan Robertson examine the life, times, and inner workings of the secretive data-crunching company Palantir. Founded in 2004 by PayPal founder Peter Thiel, Palantir's intelligence platform was designed for the War on Terror and has been turned to surveilling ordinary Americans by government departments such as Health and Human Services (to detect Medicare fraud), the FBI (criminal investigations), and the Department of Homeland Security (screening travelers and immigrants). The article studies Palantir's platform in detail, considers why courts have not ruled on its legality, and finds that at twice the age at which most start-ups either go public or sell out, the company is courting corporate customers to build its revenues.

Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2HzppLK


Battle over college course material shows technological change

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this feature at the Washington Post, Danielle Douglas-Gabriel discusses textbook pricing, the rise of open textbooks, and inclusive-access programs that deliver all course materials on the first day of class at a discounted rate. The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) hopes for an open education marketplace with options that allow both reduced costs and expanded access. One benefit is enabling students to hold onto digital courseware for years rather than reselling their textbooks in order to afford those they need for the next semester. Concerns persist that publishers remain in control and can raise prices in this captive market.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/education/battle-over-college-course-material-is-a-textbook-example-of-technological-change/2018/04/14/fb3d0394-0db5-11e8-95a5-c396801049ef_story.html


Ridesharing versus public transit

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at American Prospect, Steven Hill considers Uber's and Lyft's contribution to social divisions in urban transportation systems. Ridership on many public transport systems is down, which researchers at the University of California Transportation Center link to the rise of ride-hailing services. In the US, where public transport is already weak, Hill argues that Uber is mounting a venture capital-subsidized predatory price war to drive off all competition. Meanwhile, car use, pollution, and congestion are all increasing. At the Washington Post, Faiz Siddiqui reports that the city's ride-hailing tax receipts show that ride-hailing has quadrupled since 2015 while taxi and Metro ridership has steadily fallen. Uber shares some data with transport regulators on vehicle travel time and demand, and is piloting sharing data on curb use, but does not disclose the number of rides or average fares.

Prospect: http://bit.ly/2JtoFZ2

Washington Post: https://wapo.st/2HyRhiZ


Blockchain might have a role to play in digital archiving

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, the Open Data Institute (ODI) asks if blockchains - distributed ledger technologies - can help guarantee the integrity of digital archives. The ODI is partnering with the University of Surrey and the UK's National Archives on the ARCHANGEL research project to investigate how blockchains might be used to verify that historical documents have not been altered or adapted while stored in archives. This is a particular problem for documents that are too personally sensitive to release now but that will be of value to future historians. At Quartz, Bright Simons argues that for blockchains to be useful in Africa they must lose their Western cultural baggage and adapt to Africa's different understanding of trust, which may rely on the kinds of third parties blockchain's inventors wanted to eliminate.

ODI: http://bit.ly/2HskMai

Quartz: http://bit.ly/2FmfO9a


India: The consequences of linking women's medical records to their Aadhaar

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at the Indian Express, Ramya Chandrasekhar opposes India's decision to link women's medical records to their Aadhaar numbers, which she argues is female-targeted surveillance that removes women's and girls' autonomy. The proposals date to 2016, when Women and Child Development minister Maneka Gandhi proposed that it should be made mandatory to disclose the sex of the fetus to pregnant women and for pregnancies to be tracked in order to deter the practice of female feticide. In February 2018, two doctors argued in an editorial that every abortion should be recorded against the women's Aadhaar along with records of the doctors who performed it.

Indian Express: http://bit.ly/2r3MLSi


Single identifier could wreck the internet

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at New Scientist, Sally Adee and Carl Miller discuss a next-generation internet plan intended to solve cybersecurity problems including ransomware, denial-of-service attacks, and even trolling. The plan, a "handle system" based on one conceived by TCP/IP co-inventor Robert Kahn in the 1990s, is recognized by the UN as an international standard and is based on giving every piece of material on the internet a unique identifier. The downside is that the system could become an authoritarian internet power grab that could lead to real-time surveillance and tracking of every device and individual connected to the web. Western countries typically oppose the handle system on these grounds, but Russia, China, and some Arab states want to start rolling it out.

New Scientist: http://bit.ly/2JpJ3di



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe

----------------------------------------

April 26-17

Gdansk, Poland

The sixth edition of the Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe will include two days of keynote speeches, practical workshops, networking sessions, and many satellite events. Personal Democracy Forum CEE is a platform for exchanging ideas and experience for those working for civic participation and transparency in public life with the help of new technologies in Central and Eastern Europe. Launched in Poland in 2013, it is a regional branch of New York City PDF organized by Civic Hall (earlier Personal Democracy Media) since 2004.

http://bit.ly/2Dc0Dhx


Open Knowledge Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

May 3-6, 2018

Thessaloniki, Greece

For 2018, the Open Knowledge Foundation has replaced the OKFestival with a summit intended to gather the Open Knowledge network to collaboratively build the future of the Open Knowledge Network. The format and programming will be developed as a collaboration between Open Knowledge International, Open Knowledge Greece, and all other groups in the network.

http://bit.ly/2iISyJb


RightsCon

----------------------------------------

May 16-18, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.

http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection

----------------------------------------

May 24, 2018

San Francisco, CA, USA

ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.

http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r


Privacy Law Scholars

----------------------------------------

May 30-31

Washington, DC, USA

PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.

http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ


Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication.  

http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX


Personal Democracy Forum

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better.  This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.

http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD


LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU


The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM


Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE


VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q


World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta


SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU


Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu


International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38



***


Hear more from the Information Program!

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 13 April 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF, SHARE Foundation, SPARC.

Applications for Mozilla Fellowships are now open for open web activists, scientists and researchers, and technology policy professionals. Applications close on April 20.
https://mzl.la/2HtQwbw

***

Applications for Civil Society Scholarships are now open for the International Copyright Law Summer Course and the Privacy Law and Policy Summer Course organised by the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). The course will take place from 2-6 July 2018 in Amsterdam. The scholarships are supported by the Open Society Foundations.
https://www.ivir.nl/nl/courses/icl/
https://www.ivir.nl/nl/courses/plp/

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


EU: Copyright reforms draw fire from scientists

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Nature, Quirin Schiermeier reports that open science advocates are opposing proposals for the upcoming directive on copyright in the digital single market on the basis that these conflict with Europe's principles of open science and freedom of expression. Among those who offered objections are SPARC and the Association of European Research Libraries. The most significant change: instead of allowing non-profit repositories and research data services to take down material when notified of infringements, they would have to operate an upload filter to scan submissions for infringements. The proposals are due for a vote in the European Parliament's legal committee on April 23-24.

Nature: https://go.nature.com/2JEaxx5


Grindr sets off privacy firestorm after sharing users' HIV status data

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The New York Times, Natasha Singer reports that the social network Grindr, aimed at gay, bisexual, and trans men, is facing a firestorm of criticism after European researchers reported on Buzzfeed that the site was sharing users' HIV status, sexual tastes, and other intimate details with third-party software vendors. Two US senators have written to Grindr's chief executive asking whether the app had asked users to opt in to this sharing. The Norwegian Consumer Council has filed a formal complaint with the Norwegian data protection regulator. Grindr has said it will stop sharing this information.

New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2GT0Vwi

NCC: http://bit.ly/2qoJMo2


India: State is using blockchain to collect DNA data of 50 million citizens

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Quartz, Ananya Bhattacharya reports that the government of Andhra Pradesh, India's eighth-largest state, has announced a partnership with the German genomics and precision medicine company Shivom to build a blockchain-based DNA database of its 50 million citizens. A state government official says that testing for citizens will be optional. The goal is to improve diversity in the genomic data available to researchers.

Quartz: http://bit.ly/2JypaSt


Africa: Cambridge Analytica influenced elections in Nigeria and Kenya

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At Quartz, Linet Kwamboka reports that in Africa, where for millions of people Facebook effectively is the internet, the ongoing data scandal is fueling fierce political battles in West and East Africa, particularly Nigeria and Kenya, where Cambridge Analytica was a player in elections going back to 2007. For most in Africa, deleting Facebook is not an option; Quartz argues that what's needed is better laws and web literacy. At the Guardian, Rana Dasgupta links these developments to the waning of nation-states, which cannot individually extricate themselves from political and moral decay and which are seeing big data companies assume functions previously associated with them, such as cartography and surveillance. The South China Morning Post finds links between Cambridge Analytica head Alexander Nix and political campaigners who worked on Rodrigo Duterte's 2015 presidential campaign in the Philippines. Facebook has announced a new initiative, funded by a group of foundations, to help scholars assess social media's impact on elections. Facebook says it will have no right to review or approve the research findings prior to publication.

Quartz: http://bit.ly/2GRhngH

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2GQFGiV

SMCP: http://bit.ly/2qnl9YR

Facebook: http://bit.ly/2GTMeJJ


Secret Facebook tool deletes Zuckerberg's messages from users' inboxes

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At TechCrunch, Josh Constine reports that a previously secret tool allows Facebook to delete messages from the company's senior executives from the Facebook inboxes of those who received them. The resulting user pushback led the company to announced this "unsend" features will be made available to all users in the next several months. At the Guardian, Alex Hern and Julia Carrie Wong report that the company says it created the feature in order to protect executives' communications after the 2014 Sony hack. Simultaneously, a group of privacy and consumer groups have filed a complaint with the US Federal Trade Commission arguing that Facebook's use of facial recognition software violates both users' privacy and the company's 2011 consent decree. In a "media apology tour", chief operating officer Sheryl Sandberg said that one day Facebook's users may be able to opt out of the company's data mining - but would have to pay for the privilege. At the New York Times, Matthew Rosenberg and Gabriel J.X. Dance profile a group of Facebook users who were among the first whose data was collected for Cambridge Analytica via a survey hosted by a company called Qualtrics.

TechCrunch: https://tcrn.ch/2GToXrg

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2GPK9hL

New York Times: https://nyti.ms/2JAro3E


EU: Top-level .eu domain will drop UK registrants at Brexit

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At The Register, Kieren McCarthy reports that the European Commission has announced it will cancel all 317,000 domains under the .eu top-level domain that have a UK registrant when the UK withdraws from the European Union. These represent approximately a tenth of the domains registered by EURid, the company that has run .eu since it was awarded the contract in 2005. EURid says it was not consulted or informed before the plan was made public. Traditionally, existing domains have been "grandfathered in" when rules change.

Register: http://bit.ly/2IJURqA


US Department of Justice and Microsoft seek dismissal of Supreme Court case

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At FindLaw, William Vogeler reports that immediately after the passage of the CLOUD Act, which creates new procedures for acquiring data stored in foreign countries, both the Department of Justice (DoJ) and Microsoft asked the Supreme Court to dismiss United States v. Microsoft. The case, which was argued before the Supreme Court on February 27, centers on whether the Stored Communications Act authorized US law enforcement warrants for data stored abroad by US companies. The DoJ has applied for a new warrant to compel Microsoft to turn over the data.

FindLaw: http://bit.ly/2v3VGZx



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Facebook's Cambridge Analytica problems are nothing compared to what's coming for all of online publishing

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, Doc Searls writes that Facebook's Cambridge Analytica problem is the tip of an iceberg. All online publishers, he writes, "bring readers' bare digital necks to vampires ravenous for the blood of personal data". All these sites leak data in similar ways, and the EU's new General Data Protection Regulation will soon force publishers - as much as Facebook - to change their ways. It's time, he says, for publishers to drop adtech in favor of a return to the kind of high-value brand advertising that ruled the physical world. Searls went on to discuss this further in a video clip at TechCrunch's Gillmor Gang. At Pro Publica, Julia Angwin suggests four ways to fix Facebook: impose fines for data breaches; police political advertising; make technology companies liable for objectionable content; and install ethics review boards.

Searls: http://bit.ly/2qoe7Cs

Gillmor Gang: https://tcrn.ch/2GQjBRJ

Pro Publica: http://bit.ly/2Hi0LlW


US: How tech lost on the sex trafficking bill

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Politico, Steven Overly and Ashley Gold analyze the passage of the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act, which undermines Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. For the last 22 years, S230 has protected online platforms like Facebook, Reddit, Craigslist, and others from liability for user-generated content. Tech companies, they argue, failed to recognize that business-focused arguments were doomed to fail in a conversation about protecting children and that attitudes towards the technology sector are changing in Washington. EFF opposed the bill, and warns that further exceptions to S230 are being mooted. Within days of the law's passage and before it was signed into law, The Register reports that US authorities have seized and shut down Backpage.com, a website with a longstanding reputation for serving sex-related classified ads, many involving minors.

Politico: https://politi.co/2qozrbZ

EFF: http://bit.ly/2EDwhp4

Register: http://bit.ly/2GQ9H2i


Fifteen years of European digital rights

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this special issue of EDRi-gram, EDRi celebrates its 15th birthday by highlighting the achievements of the European digital rights movement. Among the highlights: Digitale Gesellschaft's efforts for digital rights in Germany; the Foundation for Information Policy Research work to support better government IT systems in the UK; Share Foundation's opposition to internet filters in Serbia; and many others.

EDRi: http://bit.ly/2JCJFNC


Signal Foundation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, Moxie Marlinspike and WhatsApp founder Brian Acton announce the creation of the Signal Foundation, a non-profit organization with the goal of developing open source privacy technology that protects free expression and enables secure global communications. Signal Messenger is a cryptographic system that enables secure messaging on phones and desktops. The goal is to make the foundation, which is initially funded with $50,000,000, self-sustaining. Acton will serve as the first executive chair, while Marlinspike will continue to serve as CEO of the newly created Signal Messenger non-profit organization.

Signal: http://bit.ly/2JCgDhj


Can an app track sexual predators in the theatre?

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at The New Yorker, Rebecca Mead attends a demonstration of Callisto, an online non-profit start-up that enables victims of sexual assault to create a secure, time-stamped record of the incident and place it, protected by encryption, in "information escrow". If someone else reports an assault by the same person, a Callisto operative will discreetly offer to connect the victims with each other so they can decide how to proceed. The demonstration was held at a gathering of people involved in professional theater. Membership in Callisto costs $40 a year, which the start-up hopes will be paid by unions rather than individuals.

New Yorker: http://bit.ly/2Hi2bgg


The case for fairer algorithms

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Medium, DeepMind research scientist Iason Gabriel discusses his company's efforts to create fairer algorithms. He suggests four principles: be transparent about the limitations of datasets; research and develop techniques to mitigate bias; deploy algorithms responsibly; and increase awareness of the problem. DeepMind has begun publishing research papers on this topic and is helping fund external efforts such as those of AI Now and sponsoring several new postdoctoral positions. In a new report, the AI Now Institute recommends how agencies should conduct algorithmic impact assessments to ensure there is a framework for accountability before such systems are used to make decisions about human beings in sensitive domains.

Medium: http://bit.ly/2ILyn8A

AI Now: http://bit.ly/2HcYTuy



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your gevent listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


TICTeC

----------------------------------------

April 18-19, 2018

Lisbon, Portugal

During two days of diverse presentations and workshops, attendees will examine what works - and what doesn't - in the fields of digital democracy, accountability, anti-corruption, and transparency tech. There's just one rule for those making a presentation at TICTeC: it's not enough to present a new digital initiative; you must also bring the research that examines its efficacy. Keynotes Martha Lane Fox and Jonathan Fox will set the tone for a full program, with speakers and delegates including representatives from Google, Facebook, and scores of cutting edge practitioners from many countries.

http://bit.ly/2IJW6pK


TRILCON18

----------------------------------------

April 25, 2018

Winchester, UK

The fifth interdisciplinary Winchester conference on Trust, Risk, Information and the Law has as its overall theme "Public Law, Politics and the Constitution: A new battleground between the Law and Technology?"

http://bit.ly/2A1DwrU


Internet Freedom Forum

----------------------------------------

April 24-26, 2018

Abuja, Nigeria

The sixth edition of the Internet Freedom Forum will present a unique platform for discussions and engagement around current trends and emerging issues affecting internet freedom in Africa. Participants at IFF include civil society organizations, policy actors/makers, legal/policy experts, academics, advocates, tech enthusiasts, industry representatives and active citizens among others.

http://bit.ly/2Aoj0Tr


Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe

----------------------------------------

April 26-17

Gdansk, Poland

The sixth edition of the Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe will include two days of keynote speeches, practical workshops, networking sessions, and many satellite events. Personal Democracy Forum CEE is a platform for exchanging ideas and experience for those working for civic participation and transparency in public life with the help of new technologies in Central and Eastern Europe. Launched in Poland in 2013, it is a regional branch of New York City PDF organized by Civic Hall (earlier Personal Democracy Media) since 2004.

http://bit.ly/2Dc0Dhx


Open Knowledge Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

May 3-6, 2018

Thessaloniki, Greece

For 2018, the Open Knowledge Foundation has replaced the OKFestival with a summit intended to gather the Open Knowledge network to collaboratively build the future of the Open Knowledge Network. The format and programming will be developed as a collaboration between Open Knowledge International, Open Knowledge Greece, and all other groups in the network.

http://bit.ly/2iISyJb


RightsCon

----------------------------------------

May 16-18, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.

http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection

----------------------------------------

May 24, 2018

San Francisco, CA, USA

ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.

http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r


Privacy Law Scholars

----------------------------------------

May 30-31

Washington, DC, USA

PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.

http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ


Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication.  

http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX


Personal Democracy Forum

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better.  This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.

http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD


LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU


The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM


Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE


VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q


World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta


SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU


Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu


International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38



***


Hear more from the Information Program!

================================

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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 March 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF.

 

 

Applications for Civil Society Scholarships are now open for the International Copyright Law Summer Course and the Privacy Law and Policy Summer Course organised by the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). The course will take place from 2-6 July 2018 in Amsterdam. The scholarships are supported by the Open Society Foundations.

https://www.ivir.nl/nl/courses/icl/

https://www.ivir.nl/nl/courses/plp/

 

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

 

Facebook suspends Cambridge Analytica after hack of 50 million profiles

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian Observer, in a joint investigation with the New York Times, Carole Cadwalladr and Emma Graham-Harrison report that 50 million Facebook profiles were harvested for Cambridge Analytica. Facebook has suspended Cambridge Analytica's account, pending further information about this misuse. Separately, the writers examine, with help from Canadian whistleblower Christopher Wylie, the workings of the algorithm used to trawl intimately through personal data. Cadwalladr also interviews Wylie about how the algorithm was developed and how it works. In a follow-up, Cadwalladr and Graham-Harrison report that the head of the UK parliamentary committee investigating fake news has accused Cambridge Analytica and Facebook of misleading MPs in their testimony and is calling for Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg to testify in person. At the Guardian Paul Lewis interviews former Facebook insider Sandy Parakilas and learns that hundreds of millions of Facebook users have probably had their private information harvested by other companies using the same techniques while the company failed to enforce its terms and conditions or audit how the data was used. In an undercover investigation using secret cameras, Channel 4 News caught Cambridge Analytica's suspended CEO, Alexander Nix, claiming to have run "all" of Donald Trump's digital campaign, while other staffers claimed responsibility for untraceably propagating "defeat crooked Hillary" advertising, possibly breaking the law in the process.  Finally, Crowd Justice reports that it has won its UK case in which New School professor David Carroll sought to compel Cambridge Analytica and SCI Elections to provide him with his complete data profile under section 7 of the Data Protection Act 1998.

Observer: https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/mar/17/cambridge-analytica-facebook-influence-us-election

New York Times: http://nyti.ms/2IE4RCw

Guardian (Wylie): http://bit.ly/2u3iAzq

Guardian (algorithm): http://bit.ly/2puovYV

Guardian (MPs): http://bit.ly/2pveOcO

Guardian (Parakilas): http://bit.ly/2G6A0QP
Channel 4: http://bit.ly/2FSzYg4
Crowd Justice: http://bit.ly/2IFZv9T
 

Indonesia: Police uncover fake news operation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Kate Lamb reports that police in Indonesia have arrested a network of 14 people suspected of spreading fake news and hate speech in order to corrupt the political process and destabilize the government. According to police, the network was coordinated via a WhatsApp group called the Family MCA. Indonesia is among the top five biggest global users of Facebook and Twitter, and its Muslim Cyber Army uses fake accounts, lies, bots, and automated accounts. The group is expected to "weaponize" social media for the 2019 election.

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ptuZIq

 

China to bar people with bad "social credit" from planes and trains

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Reuters reports that China has said it will begin barring people with bad "social credit" from planes and trains. The people to be placed on the list of restricted travelers will include those found to have spread false information about terrorism, caused trouble on flights, or, on trains, used expired tickets or smoked, as well as those who have committed a variety of financial misdeeds.

Reuters: http://reut.rs/2ucufvQ

 

US: Congress considers bilateral information-sharing with other countries

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At FCW Derek B. Johnson reports that the US Congress has introduced the Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data (CLOUD) Act, which would allow the government to enter into bilateral information-sharing agreements with other countries. The bill would clarify the jurisdictional issues under consideration by the Supreme Court in Microsoft v. United States, which tests whether geographical and territorial considerations limit the government's ability to compel the production of data under the 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act. Johnson reports that the proposed bill draws divided reactions from industry and civil society. At EFF, Camille Fischer argues that it represents a dangerous expansion of US police powers, allowing them to override other countries' privacy laws. The ACLU's Neema Singh Guliani agrees, saying the bill lets the US executive branch bypass Congressional oversight in creating these agreements. At Lawfare, Jennifer Daskal and Peter Swire dissent; they believe the bill would improve privacy and civil liberties protections by updating the slow process of Mutual Legal Assistance and creating a mechanism for the US government to review what other countries do with the data they receive from the US.

EFF: http://bit.ly/2px4b9d

ACLU: http://bit.ly/2FQmpO4

Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2ucaYLo

 

Egyptian minister announces national Facebook-like platform

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Egyptian Streets reports that the Egyptian minister of communications and information technology, Yasser el-Kady, has announced that the country will soon have its own Facebook-like platform, as well as other applications and programs that he claims will protect citizens' data and help protect national security. The country has also drafted a cybercrime bill, now approved by the cabinet and referred to the parliament for discussion; opponents claim it will give the state greater ability to control and monitor social media accounts. Finally, the article cites a study by the Association for Freedom of Thought and Expression that finds that Egypt is blocking 429 websites from news and human rights organizations, as well as VPNs.

Egyptian Streets: http://bit.ly/2Gf6RD7

 

Tim Berners-Lee calls for regulation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Olivia Solon reports that web inventor Tim Berners-Lee has published an open letter to mark the web's 29th anniversary, in which he calls for the large technology firms to be regulated in order to prevent their concentration of power from weaponizing the web at scale. He adds, "I want the web to reflect our hopes and fulfill our dreams, rather than magnify our fears and deepen our divisions."

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2DJQcSF

 

 

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

 

The intellectual properties of learning

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Poynder, Richard Poynder reviews John Willinsky's new book on open access and interviews the author. Placing open access within the larger historical context of scholarship, the push-pull between access and intellectual property rights runs all the way back to the earliest days of Western learning. However, Poynder argues, the open access movement has paid insufficient attention to supporting researchers.
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2IDjlma
 

Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In these videos, speakers at the Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency (FAT*) conference consider gender stereotyping, ethics, and automation, among other topics. Of particular note is Harvard professor Latanya Sweeney's keynote, "Saving Humanity", in which she discusses the "technocracy" we live in and her study of racial bias in contextual advertising, and MIT Media Lab head of social innovation Chelsea Barabas's talk about her work studying how pre-trial risk assessment algorithms work and why they're ill-equipped to help judges decide which measures to choose.

YouTube: http://bit.ly/2DJLdBi
 

The globalization of countering violent extremism policies

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this report, the Transnational Institute studies Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) policies around the world and concludes that these policies, which were pioneered in a small number of Western countries, have spread widely through the international groupings of the EU, the UN, and the Global Counter Terrorism Forum (GCTF). The report applies 12 tests of legitimacy and effectiveness to these policies, and finds that they are being implemented outside of formal democratic scrutiny or the input of public debates. The report warns that the use of "soft law" without definitional clarity means that the tools CVE policies create foster political policing and abuse.

TNI (PDF): http://bit.ly/2GdyDQo

 

What Airbnb did to New York City

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at CityLab, Alastair Boone examines studies of the company's operations in New York City and concludes that Airbnb critics are correct when they claim that the service causes rents to rise and reduces available housing. As the service has become more the purview of commercial operators than of students with a spare air mattress, it has also "supercharged" gentrification. What has happened in New York is likely to be repeated in other cities.
CityLab: http://bit.ly/2FTYqgM
 

Building a record of data harms

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this document at Data Justice Lab, Joanna Redden and Jessica Brand attempt to compile examples of "data harms", which privacy advocates often struggle to identify. Redden and Brand explore a number of categories of personal, political, government exploitation, and algorithmic bias that are based on the exploitation of data. The authors intend to maintain this as a running record and are actively soliciting further cases to add.
Data Justice Lab: http://bit.ly/2DGSUs9
 
The age of reputation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Aeon, Italian philosopher Gloria Origgi argues that reputation is more important in determining the truth of claims than fact-checking. In the paradigm shift from the age of information to the age of reputation, we should foster competence in reconstructing the reputational path of pieces of information by evaluating the intentions of those who circulate it and identifying the agendas of the authorities that it relies on for credibility.

Aeon: http://bit.ly/2FNGHHU

 

India: Deep class divides follow youth online

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at Quartz, Maria Thomas profiles the interactive website Life in a Metro, intended to convey the struggles India's youth face online because of the country's extreme class divide. The top 1% of the country's population controls over 20% of its wealth. The site follows a day in the life of a lower middle-class college student in Pune who struggles to find affordable access. Designed by King's College London PhD student Rahul Advani, the site is based on his research, which includes interviews with 300 college students and several months studying the lives of ten of them more closely. Millions of lower-class Indians have adapted to the limitations of slow speed and intermittent access; the result is that they use the internet very differently from their wealthier counterparts. The internet, he concludes, is highlighting offline inequality.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2pvCtts
 
 

***

 

DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

 

We Robot 2018

----------------------------------------

April 12-14, 2018

Palo Alto, California, USA

This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate.

http://stanford.io/2juk94u

 

TRILCON18

April 25, 2018

Winchester, UK

The fifth interdisciplinary Winchester conference on Trust, Risk, Information and the Law has as its overall theme "Public Law, Politics and the Constitution: A new battleground between the Law and Technology?"

http://bit.ly/2A1DwrU

 

Tomorrow's Transactions Forum

----------------------------------------

April 24-25, 2018

London, UK

The 21st edition of Tomorrow's Transactions will provide an opportunity to look back at the lessons that have been learned across the past decades and cast an eye toward the future to ask, where will technology and regulation, take our world of transactions? For 2018, topics will include AI, futures, open banking, and conversational and contextual commerce.

http://bit.ly/1Qc84Fx

 

Internet Freedom Forum

----------------------------------------

April 24-26, 2018

Abuja, Nigeria

The sixth edition of the Internet Freedom Forum will present a unique platform for discussions and engagement around current trends and emerging issues affecting internet freedom in Africa. Participants at IFF include civil society organizations, policy actors/makers, legal/policy experts, academics, advocates, tech enthusiasts, industry representatives and active citizens among others.

http://bit.ly/2Aoj0Tr

 

Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe

----------------------------------------

April 26-17

Gdansk, Poland

The sixth edition of the Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe will include two days of keynote speeches, practical workshops, networking sessions, and many satellite events. Personal Democracy Forum CEE is a platform for exchanging ideas and experience for those working for civic participation and transparency in public life with the help of new technologies in Central and Eastern Europe. Launched in Poland in 2013, it is a regional branch of New York City PDF organized by Civic Hall (earlier Personal Democracy Media) since 2004.

http://bit.ly/2Dc0Dhx

 

Open Knowledge Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

May 3-6, 2018

Thessaloniki, Greece

For 2018, the Open Knowledge Foundation has replaced the OKFestival with a summit intended to gather the Open Knowledge network to collaboratively build the future of the Open Knowledge Network. The format and programming will be developed as a collaboration between Open Knowledge International, Open Knowledge Greece, and all other groups in the network.

http://bit.ly/2iISyJb

 

RightsCon

----------------------------------------

May 16-18, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.

http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3

 

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection

----------------------------------------

May 24, 2018

San Francisco, CA, USA

ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.

http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r

 

Privacy Law Scholars

----------------------------------------

May 30-31

Washington, DC, USA

PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.

http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ

 

Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication.  

http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX

 

Personal Democracy Forum

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better.  This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.

http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD

 

LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU

 

The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM

 

Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE

 

VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q

 

World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta

 

SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU

 

Amsterdam Privacy Conference

----------------------------------------

October 5-9, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

APC 2018 brings together researchers, practitioners, policy makers and professionals in the field of privacy to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and answer the challenging privacy questions that lie ahead of us. The goal of the conference is to bring together academics, policy makers, journalists, and practitioners to promote active discussion on timely topics, and foster debate on privacy issues between participants from various backgrounds and perspectives.

http://bit.ly/2ucbFEu

 

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38

 

 

***

 

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 March 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, SPARC Europe.

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


Belgian court orders Facebook to stop collecting user data

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Samuel Gibbs reports that two weeks after a German court ruled that Facebook's data use contravenes German consumer law a Belgian court has ordered Facebook to stop collecting data on internet users or face daily fines of €250,000 a day. The Belgian case began in 2015, when University of Leuven researchers found that Facebook's tracking of all visitors without explicit consent using cookies was a violation of EU law. The company says it will appeal and that the cookies and invisible pixels it uses to track online behavior across the web is standard industry practice.

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2p4pn6z


Pakistan: Court rules mobile phone service suspension illegal

----------------------------------------------------------------------

The Express Tribune reports that the Islamabad High Court has ruled that the government's suspension of mobile phone services on the grounds of national security is illegal under the Pakistan Telecommunications Act 1996. The ruling is in response to several petitions filed in March 201 that challenged frequent suspensions in the capital. Although sub-section (3) of Section 54 of the Telecom Act does grant the government power to suspend services, the power may only be exercised in extraordinary situations when the president has issued a Proclamation of Emergency.

Tribune: http://bit.ly/2oRApNa


EU threatens internet companies: censor content or face regulation

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the Guardian, Samuel Gibbs reports that the European Commission has issued non-binding recommendations giving Google, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter,  and other internet companies three months to show that they are ready to remove "terrorist content" within an hour of being notified of its presence on their sites or face regulation. For other types of undesirable content, the EC will assess their progress within six months. EDRi opposes the plan on the basis that it puts internet giants in charge of regulating free speech in Europe and argues that the "voluntary" approach avoids legislation that would be subject to democratic scrutiny and judicial challenge. EDRi also notes that all EU member states must agree for the recommendations to be adopted and that the Commission is collecting no data to show that content deletion actually helps fight serious crime and terrorism. At JustSecurity, Justin Hendrix believes that regulation is inevitable for these technology companies even though the US is still resisting it. Hendrix goes on to suggest that regulation could be useful in three areas: transparency regarding their operations to governments and researchers; accountability for their practices to citizens; and responsibility for addressing externalities.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2p0KF4J
EDRi (opposition): http://bit.ly/2Dbc74W
EDRi (recommendations: http://bit.ly/2FtaXni
JustSecurity: http://bit.ly/2HiPbDm

Pacific Rim partnership agreements continue to progress

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At EFF, Jyoti Panday reports that trade representatives from 11 Pacific rim countries including Canada, Mexico, Japan, and Australia are due to ratify the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, now known as the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP). Twenty-two items, including most of the intellectual property chapter, have been suspended from the original draft, which Panday relates to the withdrawal of the US, which drove those provisions. However, the previous agreement's electronic commerce (or "digital trade") chapter remains, along with a number of flaws. CPTPP will set new rules for the free flow of electronic data, access to source code, dispute resolution, and domain name privacy. Another such agreement may soon follow: the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) is under negotiation by 16 countries, including China and India. The group is struggling to find agreement on the free movement of professionals and intellectual property.

EFF: http://bit.ly/2p0bK8m


EU enables ratification of the Marrakesh Treaty

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Intellectual Property Watch reports that the European Council of Ministers has adopted a decision that enables the EU to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty, starting in the summer of 2018. The Treaty grants blind and visually impaired people access to published works. The treaty was negotiated and adopted at the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2013 and went into effect in September 2016, but Europe has delayed adoption. In September 2017, the Council adopted implementing legislation to introduce into EU law. WIPO announced in late February that Russia has joined the Marrakesh Treaty.

IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2G6F8BJ


China: Censors block dissent as government removes presidential term limits

----------------------------------------------------------------------

At the New York Times, Javier C. Hernández reports that since China's ruling Communist Party announced plans to remove term limits, allowing President Xi Jinping to stay in power indefinitely, censors are scouring the internet to remove criticism and maintain an appearance of mass support. Among the censored material are phrases and words like "my emperor", "lifelong", and "shameless," as well as images of Winnie the Pooh, which Xi is sometimes said to resemble. For a short time, the English letter "N" was also censored, believed to be an attempt to block social scientists from using the mathematical term "N > 2" as an expression of dissent. 

NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2tsa3ps



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Europe: Analyzing research-related open data policies

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting, SPARC Europe introduces its report analyzing open data policies across Europe. Among the report's findings: 11 of the 28 EU member states have national research data-related policies in place, as do two further non-EU members of the European Research Area, Norway and Switzerland. Most of the policies examined are owned by or heavily involve the national research funders. SPARC Europe hopes to include evidence of update and engagement, as well as codes of research ethics, as the report is refreshed over the next two years.

SPARC Europe: http://bit.ly/2FBytlj


Leaked secret documents from Russia's election trolls

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at The Daily Beast, Ben Collins, Gideon Resnick, and Spencer Ackerman examine a large cache of internal documents, the results of a catastrophic security breach at the Internet Research Agency, the Kremlin-backed troll farm that interfered with the 2016 US presidential election. Among the new information contained in the leaked material: the IRA's US efforts included Reddit and Tumblr; the imposter accounts targeted named American activists for specific causes such as Black Lives Matter; and the troll farm was connected to two more 2016 rallies, one of which turned violent. The documents provide insight into the IRA's tradecraft - both strengths and weaknesses.

Daily Beast: http://thebea.st/2Fv3jZq


US: Supreme Court hears arguments in US v. Microsoft

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this article at the Washington Post, Ellen Nakashima summarizes the questions and arguments made in the February 27 US Supreme Court hearing in US v. Microsoft. At issue in the case, which dates to 2013, is whether US law enforcement should be able to access data stored abroad via a simple warrant under the Stored Communications Act (1986). Microsoft contends that a US warrant is not applicable to data stored outside the US - in this case, emails stored on its Irish servers - and law enforcement should pursue a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) request. The US government argues that because the emails would be turned over at Microsoft's Redmond, Washington headquarters there is no international transfer. EFF and the ACLU have signed onto a joint amicus brief with a number of other organizations in support of Microsoft. At Lawfare, Nora Ellingsen explains the legal points at issue in the case.

Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2FrZt3A

EFF: http://bit.ly/2FBz1aR

Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2oWsSM6


US: Proposed act would block pornography at consumers' expense

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting at EFF, Gennie Gebhart explains the Human Trafficking Protection Act, under consideration in 15 US states. In 2017, EFF opposed versions of the bill in over a dozen states, and it failed in all of them. The model legislation would require device manufacturers to install "obscenity filters" on all internet-connected devices, removable only if the owner pays a $20 fee per device. EFF argues that such a requirement contravenes the First Amendment and allows government intrusion into citizens' private lives.

EFF: http://bit.ly/2DbHDQh


Do neural nets dream of electric sheep?

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this AI Weirdness blog posting, Janelle Shane tweaks images to investigate the effect on neural networks and finds their interpretations are entertainingly off-base. Microsoft's Azure computer vision API saw sheep where none existed, tagged goats as birds when they were positioned in a tree, and identified orange-painted sheep in a field as flowers. These algorithms, she concludes, rely on probability and luck.

AI Weirdness: http://bit.ly/2toouuE


The economics of YouTube stars

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this Bloomberg article, Chris Stoke-Walker studies the economics of YouTube success and concludes that 96.5% of all YouTubers won't make enough money from advertising to move above the US poverty line. The top 3% of most-viewed channels could bring in about $16,800 a year while attracting 1.4 million views per month. The top 1%, who got 2.2 million to 42.1 million views per month in 2016, make extra money through sponsorships and other deals. A third of British children aged six to 17 told pollsters in 2017 that they wanted to grow up to be full-time YouTubers. However, the odds of breaking through are significantly less than they are in Hollywood, and the imbalance in YouTube revenues is getting worse.

Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2oZQ8ZK



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


ICANN61

----------------------------------------

March 10-15, 2018

San Juan, Puerto Rico

ICANN's Community Forum for 2018 will be focused on outreach, capacity building, and showcasing ICANN's work to a broader global audience.

https://go.icann.org/2zwpDBV


World Social Forum on Science and Democracy

----------------------------------------

March 13-17, 2018

Salvador de Bahia, Brazil

The World Forum on Science and Democracy (WFSD) is an initiative launched in 2007 to promote political dialogue between scientific institutions and social actors on Science and Society issues at a global level. The forum is intended to to help scientific and social actors to dialogue about shared interests, issues and concerns.

http://bit.ly/2FyRCo5


IFLA President's Meeting 2018

----------------------------------------

May 19, 2018

Barcelona, Spain

By bringing together the biggest brains trust in the library field and gathering the best ideas and experience from outside, this event offers a unique chance to hear how leading players are approaching the future, how libraries can break down barriers and form new partnerships, how they can build sustainable foundations for their work, and how they can use digital tools to achieve the goal of access to information for all.

http://bit.ly/2Fn1tef


We Robot 2018

----------------------------------------

April 12-14, 2018

Palo Alto, California, USA

This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate.

http://stanford.io/2juk94u


TRILCON18

April 25, 2018

Winchester, UK

The fifth interdisciplinary Winchester conference on Trust, Risk, Information and the Law has as its overall theme "Public Law, Politics and the Constitution: A new battleground between the Law and Technology?"

http://bit.ly/2A1DwrU


Tomorrow's Transactions Forum

----------------------------------------

April 24-25, 2018

London, UK

The 21st edition of Tomorrow's Transactions will provide an opportunity to look back at the lessons that have been learned across the past decades and cast an eye toward the future to ask, where will technology and regulation, take our world of transactions? For 2018, topics will include AI, futures, open banking, and conversational and contextual commerce.

http://bit.ly/1Qc84Fx


Internet Freedom Forum

----------------------------------------

April 24-26, 2018

Abuja, Nigeria

The sixth edition of the Internet Freedom Forum will present a unique platform for discussions and engagement around current trends and emerging issues affecting internet freedom in Africa. Participants at IFF include civil society organizations, policy actors/makers, legal/policy experts, academics, advocates, tech enthusiasts, industry representatives and active citizens among others.

http://bit.ly/2Aoj0Tr


Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe

----------------------------------------

April 26-17

Gdansk, Poland

The sixth edition of the Personal Democracy Forum Central-Eastern Europe will include two days of keynote speeches, practical workshops, networking sessions, and many satellite events. Personal Democracy Forum CEE is a platform for exchanging ideas and experience for those working for civic participation and transparency in public life with the help of new technologies in Central and Eastern Europe. Launched in Poland in 2013, it is a regional branch of New York City PDF organized by Civic Hall (earlier Personal Democracy Media) since 2004.

http://bit.ly/2Dc0Dhx


Open Knowledge Summit 2018

----------------------------------------

May 3-6, 2018

Thessaloniki, Greece

For 2018, the Open Knowledge Foundation has replaced the OKFestival with a summit intended to gather the Open Knowledge network to collaboratively build the future of the Open Knowledge Network. The format and programming will be developed as a collaboration between Open Knowledge International, Open Knowledge Greece, and all other groups in the network.

http://bit.ly/2iISyJb


RightsCon

----------------------------------------

May 16-18, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.

http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection

----------------------------------------

May 24, 2018

San Francisco, CA, USA

ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.

http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r


Privacy Law Scholars

----------------------------------------

May 30-31

Washington, DC, USA

PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.

http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ


Internet Shutdowns in Africa Workshop

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

Johannesburg, South Africa

Internet shutdowns in Africa doubled between 2015 and 2016, affecting citizens in 11 countries on the continent. While the number declined slightly in 2017, governments that resorted to disrupting the internet did so more frequently and for longer periods. The justifications are diverse, from anti-government protests to Cameroon, to exam cheating in Ethiopia, concerns about election-related violence in Uganda, and quelling social unrest in Zimbabwe. This two-day conference is aimed at sparking in-depth and productive conversations about this issue. It is organized by the ERC-funded ConflictNet programme at the University of Oxford's Programme in Comparative Media Law and Policy, the CSLS, the Bonavero Institute for Human Rights, and the Department of Journalism, Film and Television at the University of Johannesburg's School of Communication.  

http://bit.ly/2HkVpSX


Personal Democracy Forum

----------------------------------------

June 7-8, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Since 2004, Personal Democracy Forum ("PDF") has been the go-to place to tap into a community that believes in the power of technology to change politics and governance for the better.  This year's PDF, the 15th, will focus on meaningful collaboration, action, and participatory learning. Our number one goal is to plug attendees into the process of change-making. This year's theme, How We Make Good, will focus on how we turn our commitments - to democracy and ensuring that tech works for the public good - into concrete action.

http://bit.ly/2FjLAbD


LIBER Annual Conference

----------------------------------------

July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU


The Circle of HOPE

----------------------------------------

July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM


Defcon

----------------------------------------

August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE


VOX-Pol Third Biennial Conference

----------------------------------------

August 20-21, 2018

Amsterdam, The Netherlands

The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence (NoE) is a European Union Framework Programme 7 (FP7)-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of Violent Online Political Extremism and responses to it.c

http://bit.ly/2Hhzj3Q


World Library and Information Congress

----------------------------------------

August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta


SciELO 20 Years Conference

----------------------------------------

September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

http://bit.ly/2FlpVzU


International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

----------------------------------------

October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38


***


Hear more from the Information Program!

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 February 2018

====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Bits of Freedom, EDRi, EFF.

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


Chinese police spot suspects with surveillance glasses

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The BBC reports that police in China have begun using connected sunglasses equipped with facial recognition to scan crowds looking for suspected criminals. In a test at a busy train station in the city of Zhengzhou, police were able to identify and apprehend seven suspects accused of crimes ranging from hit-and-run to human trafficking and identify 26 people using fake IDs, according to the Communist Party's People's Daily Newspaper. The glasses allow police officers to take a photograph of a suspicious individual and compare it to pictures held in an internal database. If the system finds a match, it sends identifying details such as name and address to the officer. China is a world leader in facial recognition and frequently reminds its citizens that it will make escape impossible. The country is thought to have 170 million CCTV cameras already in place, with 400 million more due to be installed between 2018 and 2021. The Verge reports that in December 2017 the digital surveillance manufacturer IC Realtime launched a web and app platform named Ella that uses AI to analyse video feeds and make them instantly searchable, like a Google for CCTV.

BBC: http://bbc.in/2GATEkj

Verge: http://bit.ly/2GAxij4


India: Competition Commission fines Google

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Reuters reports that on February 8, the Competition Commission of India fined Google Rs 136.86 crore ($21.17 million) for "search bias" and abuse of its dominant position; the amount represents nearly 5% of Google's average total revenue in India for the financial years 2013, 2014, and 2015. Google has 60 days to appeal. The case began in 2012, when cases were filed by the consumer organization Consumer Unity and Trust Society and Consim, a matrimonial website and Google AdWords customer.

Reuters: http://reut.rs/2ohNqyX


Russia: Scientists arrested for mining cryptocurrencies at nuclear research facility

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The BBC reports that Russian security officers have arrested several scientists for attempting to mine cryptocurrencies at the top-secret Federal Nuclear Centre in the restricted and tightly guarded area of Sarov. The scientists were caught when they attempted to connect the warhead facility's supercomputer to the internet. The supercomputer is intentionally kept offline to protect its security.

BBC: http://bbc.in/2ELLipp


US: Federal court rules an embedded tweet a copyright infringement

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The EFF reports that a New York federal court has ruled in the case Goldman v. Breitbart that embedding a tweet in a web page can be a copyright infringement. The ruling could apply to all inline linking, up-ending years of settled precedent that only the host, not the linker, is liable for infringement. The judge argued that the "server test" created by the Ninth Circuit's opinion in the 2006 case Perfect 10 v. Amazon and the Seventh Circuit's 2012 opinion in Flava Works v. Gunter did not apply because the defendants in Goldman "took active steps" that resulted in public display of the photos in question. At the Technology and Marketing Law Blog, Eric Goldman explains the ruling and its consequences in more detail. The web's best hope is an appeal.

EFF: http://bit.ly/2FlnbiB

Goldman: http://bit.ly/2EH1Jr8


Chinese regulator rebukes Ant Financial for automatic credit scoring enrollment

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The Wall Street Journal reports that in January the Cyberspace Administration of China rebuked representatives of Alibaba subsidiary Ant Financial Services Group for automatically enrolling its 520 million users in its credit-scoring system, Sesame Credit. Regulators said Ant's Alipay service violated China's new national data protection standard by not properly notifying users that enrolling in the credit-scoring system would permit Ant to share their personal financial data with third parties, including information about their income, savings, and shopping habits. The regulator said the policy broke the pledge the company signed in 2017 to protect this type of information and ordered Ant to ensure it doesn't happen again. Sesame Credit is one of the new rating systems emerging in China, where the government intends to spread social scoring throughout society. The case is also an example of Chinese people's increasing concerns about data privacy, although they reserve their concern for companies rather than government.

Wall Street Journal: http://on.wsj.com/2HDFWyy


Germany: Court rules Facebook's data practices illegal

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The Guardian reports that in a suit brought by the Federation of German Consumer Organizations (VZBV), a Berlin court has ruled that Facebook's privacy settings and personal data use contravene German consumer law. A week later, the company said it would radically overhaul its privacy settings, and that the work would also prepare it for the incoming General Data Protection Regulation. The Guardian also reports that in January Salesforce CEO Marc Benioff said at the World Economic Forum in Davos that social networks should be regulated like cigarette companies. In November 2017, the multi-stakeholder UN IGF Dynamic Coalition on Platform Responsibility (FGV) published a book analyzing the online platforms' responsibility to respect human rights and providing guidance for "responsible" terms of service.
Guardian (suit): http://bit.ly/2BII2fO
Guardian (Benioff): http://bit.ly/2HEhrBi
FGV: http://bit.ly/2FkWP02


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

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For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Turkey: How a single line of computer code jailed thousands of innocent Turks

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At CBC News, Nil Köksal explains how a single line of computer code landed thousands of innocent Turks in jail. The story began with the free Bylock messaging app, which was used between 2014 and 2016 and which the Turkish government associated with treason and followers of Fethullah Gülen, the man the Turkish government believe was behind the attempted 2016 coup. Digital forensics expert Tuncay Beşikçi finds that people who have never downloaded or used the app were arrested because a line of code in other apps opened a single-pixel window onto Bylock.net - which Beşikçi believes may have been an attempt at obfuscation. In the Guardian, Owen Bowcott explains the UK legal opinion arguing that the arrests were illegal.

CBC: http://bit.ly/2Ceo7Xh

Guardian: http://bit.ly/2CDTgz6


Break up the big tech companies

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In this article at Esquire, Scott Galloway, founder of several early internet firms and author of The Four, argues that it's time to break up Google, Facebook, Apple, and Amazon, given their big profits and small paybacks in the form of taxes, their destruction of jobs, and their weaponization during the 2016 US presidential election. He complains that government is handing off responsibilities such as allocating tax money, managing defense, and protecting teenagers to these companies while markets fail. He cites Microsoft as the original model, but Microsoft's power was checked by regulators, a fate the Big Four have so far avoided. Amazon has 4% of US retail - but 34% of the worldwide cloud business; phones are "delivery vehicles for Facebook"; Google owns 92% of the internet search market; and Apple has "the profit margin of Ferrari with the production volume of Toyota". Galloway concludes, "A key part of a healthy economic cycle is pruning firms when they become invasive, cause premature death, and won't let other firms emerge." In a lengthy piece at Wired, Nicholas Thompson and Fred Vogelstein trace Facebook's slow acceptance of responsibility over the news that appears on its platform.

Esquire: http://bit.ly/2BL0QeI

Wired: http://bit.ly/2FlqcQ3


US, UK: Surveilling immigrants

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In the Guardian, Atlanta-based Azadeh Shahshahani, a human rights attorney with Project South, discusses US government spying on immigrants, including naturalized US citizens. The FBI and the Department of Homeland Security already track the internet activity of all visa applicants, visa holders, and legal permanent residents, including social media account information, aliases, and search results from both public search engines and commercial databases. Shahshahani believes these measures, which violate the First Amendment, are intended to fracture and control dissent and keep immigrants marginalized. For many, it is reminiscent of the repression they left their former countries to escape. At the Guardian, MEP Claude Moraes complains that the UK government's proposed data protection rules implementing the incoming General Data Protection Regulation will remove subject access rights relating to immigration procedures from all non-UK nationals, including EU citizens resident in the UK. In a blog posting, Liberty opposes the West Yorkshire Police's roll-out of a system under which they stop people in the street and use a portable scanner to run their fingerprints against both criminal and immigration databases.

Guardian (Shahshahani): http://bit.ly/2EKQcmP
Guardian (Moraes): http://bit.ly/2oooZiB

Liberty: http://bit.ly/2EL8hoC


Stop saying smart cities

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In this article at The Atlantic, science fiction writer Bruce Sterling argues that cities need to be "rich, powerful, and culturally persuasive, with the means, motive, and opportunity to manage their own affairs" - but not necessarily smart. "Smartness," he says, "is just today's means to this well-established end." Sterling goes on to discuss surveillance, the influence of incoming Chinese technology such as AI facial recognition, and a future of "localized, haphazard mash-ups of digital tips, tricks, and hacks. Follow the money, he says, and this isn't about smart cities but about GAFAM (Google-Apple-Facebook-Amazon-Microsoft) disrupting the older technology companies that have been building cities' command and control systems until now.

Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/2EL3r6U


The house that spied on me

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In this article at Gizmodo, Kashmir Hill and Surya Mattu discover that the only thing worse than getting a bad night's sleep...is getting a report from the bed afterwards advising that you "missed your sleep goal". Still: the newly "smart" apartment had its conveniences: it gave Hill voice-activated lights, coffee maker, and music, the ability to convey a message to a toddler through a toy, a self-heating bed, and a robot vacuum cleaner. Meanwhile, Mattu built a Raspberry Pi router to monitor what data all these devices collected and where they wanted to send it. They found a steady stream of outward bound data even when the house was empty - and massive annoyances because of the friction involved in getting all the devices to work together and satisfying their demands. Free advice: when you install connected CCTV cameras inside your home, think before you walk around nude. Hill's conclusion: "Smart homes are dumb." Science fiction writer Ray Bradbury foresaw this in his short story "There Will Come Soft Rains", published in 1950.

Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2CBNrSL

Bradbury: http://bit.ly/2BLp8Fs


Is your software racist?

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At Politico, Raymond Biesinger considers how to solve the problem of bias in software, citing numerous examples from Google Translate and voice-based assistants to recidivism-predicting algorithms. Prospective solutions are less clear than the problem. As one option, New York is appointing a task force to review and test the city's algorithms. Other options include requiring algorithms and data to be open source, industry-wide standards or benchmarks that algorithms need to meet, and a new federal agency to oversee the development of AI.

Politico: http://politi.co/2GxD84H



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency

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February 23-24, 2018

New York, NY, USA

FAT* is an international and interdisciplinary peer-reviewed conference that seeks to publish and present work examining the fairness, accountability, and transparency of algorithmic systems. The FAT* conference solicits work from a wide variety of disciplines, including computer science, statistics, the humanities, and law. It intends to bring together the community that has grown through a number of workshops at other conferences.

http://bit.ly/2iHQTUX


PrivacyCon

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February 28, 2018

Washington, DC, USA

Organized by the Federal Trade Commission, the 2018 PrivacyCon will expand collaboration among leading privacy and security researchers, academics, industry representatives, consumer advocates, and the government. As part of this initiative, the FTC sought general research that explores the privacy and security implications of emerging technologies, such as the Internet of Things, artificial intelligence and virtual reality. The 2018 event will focus on the economics of privacy including how to quantify the harms that result from companies' failure to secure consumer information, and how to balance the costs and benefits of privacy-protective technologies and practices.

http://bit.ly/2sL3C0F


Internet Freedom Festival

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March 5-9, 2018

Valencia, Spain

The global unconference of the Internet freedom communities brings together those who defend digital rights around the world - journalists, activists, technologists, policy advocates, digital safety trainers, and designers - with the goals of creating an inclusive space, increasing diversity, and improving the services, strategies, and tools offered to the most vulnerable individuals on the frontlines.

http://bit.ly/2Ds1wn1


ICANN61

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March 10-15, 2018

San Juan, Puerto Rico

ICANN's Community Forum for 2018 will be focused on outreach, capacity building, and showcasing ICANN's work to a broader global audience.

https://go.icann.org/2zwpDBV


IFLA President's Meeting 2018

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May 19, 2018

Barcelona, Spain

By bringing together the biggest brains trust in the library field and gathering the best ideas and experience from outside, this event offers a unique chance to hear how leading players are approaching the future, how libraries can break down barriers and form new partnerships, how they can build sustainable foundations for their work, and how they can use digital tools to achieve the goal of access to information for all.

http://bit.ly/2Fn1tef


We Robot 2018

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April 12-14, 2018

Palo Alto, California, USA

This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate.

http://stanford.io/2juk94u


TRILCON18

April 25, 2018

Winchester, UK

The fifth interdisciplinary Winchester conference on Trust, Risk, Information and the Law has as its overall theme "Public Law, Politics and the Constitution: A new battleground between the Law and Technology?"

http://bit.ly/2A1DwrU


Tomorrow's Transactions Forum

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April 24-25, 2018

London, UK

The 21st edition of Tomorrow's Transactions will provide an opportunity to look back at the lessons that have been learned across the past decades and cast an eye toward the future to ask, where will technology and regulation, take our world of transactions? For 2018, topics will include AI, futures, open banking, and conversational and contextual commerce.

http://bit.ly/1Qc84Fx


Internet Freedom Forum

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April 24-26, 2018

Abuja, Nigeria

The sixth edition of the Internet Freedom Forum will present a unique platform for discussions and engagement around current trends and emerging issues affecting internet freedom in Africa. Participants at IFF include civil society organizations, policy actors/makers, legal/policy experts, academics, advocates, tech enthusiasts, industry representatives and active citizens among others.

http://bit.ly/2Aoj0Tr


Open Knowledge Summit 2018

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May 3-6, 2018

Thessaloniki, Greece

For 2018, the Open Knowledge Foundation has replaced the OKFestival with a summit intended to gather the Open Knowledge network to collaboratively build the future of the Open Knowledge Network. The format and programming will be developed as a collaboration between Open Knowledge International, Open Knowledge Greece, and all other groups in the network.

http://bit.ly/2iISyJb


RightsCon

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May 16-18, 2018

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.

http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection

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May 24, 2018

San Francisco, CA, USA

ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.

http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r


Privacy Law Scholars

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May 30-31

Washington, DC, USA

PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.

http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ


LIBER Annual Conference

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July 4-6, 2018

Lille, France

The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.

http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU


The Circle of HOPE

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July 20-22, 2018

New York, NY, USA

Organized by 2600 Magazine, the 12th biennial Hackers on Planet Earth conference celebrates the hacker spirit. Talks typically feature new ways of examining and dissecting technology to reveal inconvenient truths.

http://bit.ly/2BbzJpM


Defcon

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August 9-12, 2018

Las Vegas, NV, USA

The heart of the DEF CON 26 theme is the concept of the counterfuture. The counterfuture is the open-source alternative to totalitarian dystopia; a world where we use tech and ingenuity for empowerment and connection rather than isolation and control.

http://bit.ly/2A2ojUE


World Library and Information Congress

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August 24-30, 2018

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

The 84th edition of the World Library and Information Congress has the theme, "Transform Libraries, Transform Societies" with the additional tagline, "Reaching out to the hard to reach", which was chosen in recognition of the critical role played by libraries in the development of a nation, particularly in their ability to transform societies.

http://bit.ly/2qSXIta


SciELO 20 Years Conference

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September 26-28, 2018

São Paulo, Brazil

In 2018, the SciELO Program will celebrate 20 years of operation, in full alignment with the advances of open science. The conference will address and debate the main political, methodological, and technological issues and trends that define today's state of the art in scholarly communication. These issues will also be shaping the future of the universal openness of scholarly publishing and its relationship with today's Open Access journals, in particular those of the SciELO Network.

https://www.scielo20.org/en/


International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners

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October 22-26, 2018

Brussels, Belgium

The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.

http://bit.ly/2B1bX38


***


Hear more from the Information Program!

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Hear less from the Information Program!

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0

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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP