Results tagged “OSFISD digest” from The Other Glass

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 24, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: CyberBRICS, HRDAG, mySociety.


INDELA FUNDING CALL
=====
Indela has opened its second Call for Proposals for projects that seek to advance digital rights in law and policy, as well as support the organizations and ecosystem of actors working to protect those rights, believing that protecting the rights of Internet users will support greater civic participation, and more empowered, inclusive and accountable societies. Indela will consider proposals for projects that include public campaigns, research, public policy advocacy, and litigation. Selected organizations can receive up to $75,000 for projects running over a 12 to 18 month period, as well as opportunities for specialized consultancies and communications support. The extended call deadline is April 30, 2020.
http://www.indela.fund


NEWS
=====

Apple and Google agree collaboration for contact tracing platform
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Apple and Google will collaborate to build an interoperable platform to enable phone-based contact tracing, Russell Brandom and Adi Robertson report at The Verge. Their system will use short-range Bluetooth connections to create a voluntary network, storing on the phone logs of which phones have been in close proximity, only giving access to health authorities if the phone's owner is diagnosed with COVID-19. In a blog posting, Cambridge University security engineer Ross Anderson explains why the technological proposals for contact tracing will not work in the real world; better, he concludes, to redistribute public resources from surveillance to public health. At The Markup, Julia Angwin discusses the benefits and risks inherent in the Apple-Google proposal, including the potential for data exploitation by the advertising industry. At ACLU, Jennifer Granick summarizes the principles that Apple and Google should follow in designing their platform, taken from the new white paper by Granick and Jay Stanley on the limitations of location tracking in a pandemic. At Ars Technica, Tim Bradshaw finds that the Apple/Google plan relies on modern chips and will exclude up to 1 billion older iOS and Android smartphones, plus the 1.5 billion people who run basic "feature" phones, all chiefly older or lower-income segments of society.
https://www.theverge.com/2020/4/10/21216484/google-apple-coronavirus-contract-tracing-bluetooth-location-tracking-data-app
https://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2020/04/12/contact-tracing-in-the-real-world/
https://themarkup.org/ask-the-markup/2020/04/14/will-googles-and-apples-covid-tracking-plan-protect-privacy
https://www.aclu.org/news/privacy-technology/apple-and-google-announced-a-coronavirus-tracking-system-how-worried-should-we-be/
https://www.aclu.org/report/aclu-white-paper-limits-location-tracking-epidemic
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2020/04/2-billion-phones-cannot-use-google-and-apple-contract-tracing-tech/

UNC Chapel Hill ends contract with Elsevier
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After more than a year of trying to negotiate with Elsevier, the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill is ending its instant access subscription package to 2,000 journals, Lindsay McKenzie reports at Inside Higher Ed. UNC says the move will allow it to pay only for the journals it wants.
https://www.insidehighered.com/quicktakes/2020/04/10/unc-chapel-hill-cancels-big-deal-elsevier

California attorney general urges ICANN to block .org sale
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The Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers has delayed deciding whether to approve the Internet Society's planned sale of the .org generic top-level domain, after receiving a letter from California attorney general Xavier Becerra urging it to reject the plan, Kieren McCarthy reports at The Register. Becerra, whose office oversees non-profit organizations registered in California - including ICANN itself - objects to selling .org to the unknown, for-profit privately-owned Ethos Capital and the $300 million debt the plan would place on the registry. He also suggests his office may take action to protect non-profits against ICANN's poor handling of the sale, its unresponsiveness to stakeholders, and its departure from its own stated public interest principles, as well as ISOC's behavior in proposing the sale in the first place.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/04/17/icann_california_org_sale_delay/

Australia will force social media companies to pay for shared content
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In response to the 2019 Digital Platforms Inquiry final report concluding that Google and Facebook have distorted local media and advertising markets, Australia will force social media companies to pay for content shared on their networks, Simon Sharwood reports at The Register. Even though similar laws have failed in Spain and France, Australian treasurer Josh Frydenberg intends to proceed, with legislation due in July.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/04/20/australia_to_make_web_media_giants_pay_for_content/

Facial recognition advances to identify people wearing masks
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The coronavirus pandemic has led Chinese AI leader SenseTime to roll out a new version of its facial recognition software in China that can recognize people even though they're wearing face masks, scarves, or fake beards, Masha Borak reports at AbacusNews. The update is based on research into disguised face identification that was published in 2017 by researchers at Stanford. The software works by identifying up to 240 facial feature key points around the eyes, mouth, and nose, using the parts of the face that are visible. Because of the problem of false positives in a larger population, so far the technology is best suited for smaller groups.
https://www.abacusnews.com/tech/wearing-mask-wont-stop-facial-recognition-anymore/article/3051388

US pro-gun groups protest lockdowns in multiple states
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Right-wing, pro-gun groups are behind the anti-lockdown protests in US states including Minnesota, Michigan, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, among others, Jason Wilson reports at the Guardian. Some of these are long-time supporters of US president Donald Trump, and one is linked to Trump's Secretary of Education, Betsy DeVos. At CNN, Donie O'Sullivan reports that Facebook will remove some posts promoting anti-stay-at-home protests in California, New Jersey, and Nebraska after consulting with officials in those states, but will not remove similar posts in states where the protests do not violate official guidelines. It is seeking guidance from state governments in Wisconsin, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. At the New York Times, Daisuke Wakabayashi, Davey Alba, and Marc Tracy report that Bill Gates is the biggest Facebook and YouTube target of all conspiracy theories about the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, based on a 2015 speech in which he warned that the greatest risk to humanity was an infectious virus.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/17/far-right-coronavirus-protests-restrictions
https://edition.cnn.com/2020/04/20/politics/facebook-covid-shutdown-protests/index.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/17/technology/bill-gates-virus-conspiracy-theories.html


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

Julia Reda launches strategic litigation project
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In this blog posting for the Kluwer Copyright blog, former Pirate Party MEP Julia Reda outlines her new collaboration with the German fundamental rights NGO Gesellschaft für Freiheitsrechte, control ©, which will pursue strategic litigation to defend the communications freedoms embedded in the German Basic Law against the requirements of Article 17 of the EU Copyright Directive 2019. Reda hopes the initiative will be replicated in other countries.
http://copyrightblog.kluweriplaw.com/2020/04/13/introducing-control-strategic-litigation-for-free-communication/
https://pathwayscommission.bsg.ox.ac.uk/Mariana-Valente-digital-technologies-and-copyright

Law proposals seek to safeguard rights in contact tracing apps
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In this LawArXiv preprint, Lilian Edwards and a host of co-authors present a model statute to provide safeguards for symptom tracking and contact tracing apps, as well as immunity certificates, given that these are likely elements of our immediate future. Uptake of the apps and data quality will both be much higher if people have confidence that their rights are being protected, the authors argue. At the Register, Gareth Corfield reports that more than 300 academics from 26 countries have published an open letter asking governments to ensure that contact tracing apps protect their users' privacy, and outlines the risks of the most common approaches. In a white paper for ACLU, Daniel Kahn Gillmor presents principles for technology-assisted contact tracing that call for such systems to be built with public health professionals, narrowly tailored for a specific epidemic, and not displace non-technical measures.
https://osf.io/preprints/lawarxiv/yc6xu/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/04/20/coronavirus_contact_tracing_academics_social_graph/
https://www.aclu.org/report/aclu-white-paper-principles-technology-assisted-contact-tracing

BRICS countries emphasize data protection
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In this blog posting for the IAPP, Luca Belli describes the first results from CyberBRICS, a project to systematically analyze the digital policies developed by the BRICS grouping of countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa). Data protection has become a key priority for these countries in order to assert "digital sovereignty"; they represent 42% of global population and almost 40% of internet users.
https://iapp.org/news/a/data-protection-frameworks-emerging-in-the-brics-countries/

Data trusts and the pandemic
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In this video clip at the Atlantic Council, Tim Clement-Jones, Wendy Hall, and David Bray discuss the role of data trusts and AI in the response to and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Clement-Jones believes data trusts can offer greater transparency for organizations like public health systems, while Hall explains the importance of legal and ethical frameworks in creating the public trust needed to make them work.
https://atlanticcouncil.org/event/why-data-trusts-could-help-us-better-respond-and-rebuild-from-covid19-globally/

TicTec activists give public participation technology assist
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On this Google Doc, mySociety publishes the agenda for late March's TicTec 2020 with links to session recordings. Of particular interest are sessions on using technology to enable public participation in writing and changing Iceland's constitution; lessons learned from building a database to support democratic activism; and how projects and individuals in civic tech can ensure their longevity, particularly in the face of today's challenges.
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZsGQlfr0ZJ1jmmuZwgOAUJFONJr4W9UGDU4fktxiXnQ/edit

Finding good science among the noise
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In this blog posting for the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, founder and CTO Patrick Ball explains how to assess the many visualizations and analyses the media are presenting every day and how to evaluate the many different models and the quality of the underlying science. Ball will follow up with details of how epidemiological models work.
https://hrdag.org/2020/04/02/epidemiology-has-theories-we-should-study-them/


***

DIARY
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*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email
info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ONLINE EVENTS

Open Rights Group
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Ongoing
The Open Rights Group and its local offshoots are running weekly online presentations and discussions of digital privacy, democracy, and data exploitation. Recent topics have included a proposed law to ensure that contact tracing apps are surrounded with privacy-protecting safeguards, the effect of the pandemic on democratic institutions, and the NHS deal with Palantir.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Data & Society
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April-May
Data & Society is converting all its weekly Wednesday and Databites programs into online interactive formats. Subscribe to its events newsletter for details.
https://datasociety.net/announcements/2020/03/20/march-20-update-covid-19-events-pause-april-2020/

Legal Frontiers in Digital Media 2020
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May-June 2020,
The Berkeley Center for Law and Technology's online alternative to its annual conference on emerging legal issues at the intersection of digital media, freedom of speech, and law includes live seminars (recorded and available for later playback) on content moderation and the coronavirus (April 15); a series on Chinese law, trade, and intellectual property (beginning April 22 and extending through May); and the right to repair (August 28).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/

Privacy Law Scholars
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June 4-5, 2020
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/


PHYSICAL WORLD EVENTS

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER AI for Good
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was May 4-8, 2020; rescheduled to September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CONSIDERING ALTERNATIVE DATES re:publica 2020
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May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER 11-12 Thotcon
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May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

CANCELED Creative Commons Global Summit
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May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2020/03/05/important-cc-global-summit-update/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
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June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

POSTPONED UNTIL 2021 RightsCon
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June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
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June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
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June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

POSTPONED TO 2021 CPDP LatAm 2020
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June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

CANCELED Aspen Ideas Festival
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June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
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July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

TBC JUNE 1, 2020 DEF CON 28
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August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
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August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
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August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

EIFL General Assembly
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September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly-2020

Future in Review
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October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
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November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

POSTPONED We Robot 2020
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Will update June 1, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Privacy Law Forum
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October 9, 2020
Palo Alto, CA
The program will be very similar to the one originally planned, covering all the hot issues in privacy and cybersecurity law. Registration remains open.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020bclt-privacy-law-forum/

MozFest 2021
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March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
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TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 10, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: AlgorithmWatch, Citizen Lab, Communia, Creative Commons, Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, IFLA, Knowledge Ecology International, medConfidential, mySociety, Open Rights Group, Pt2, Wikimedia.


INDELA FUNDING CALL
=====
Indela has opened its second Call for Proposals for projects that seek to advance digital rights in law and policy, as well as support the organizations and ecosystem of actors working to protect those rights, believing that protecting the rights of Internet users will support greater civic participation, and more empowered, inclusive and accountable societies. Indela will consider proposals for projects that include public campaigns, research, public policy advocacy, and litigation. Selected organizations can receive up to $75,000 for projects running over a 12 to 18 month period, as well as opportunities for specialized consultancies and communications support. The extended call deadline is April 30, 2020.
http://www.indela.fund


NEWS
=====

Hungarian Parliament Hands Full Control to Viktor Orbán
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Hungarian parliament has voted to allow prime minister Viktor Orbán to rule by decree during the coronavirus emergency, and has set no time limit, Nick Thorpe reports at the BBC. At The Atlantic, Yasmeen Serhan ponders what the EU can and should do in response; the block cannot unilaterally expel a member state. Suspending some of a country's rights under Article 7 of the Treaty of Lisbon requires the agreement of all other EU members, and referring infringement proceedings to the European Court of Justice would take years.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-52095500
https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2020/04/europe-hungary-viktor-orban-coronavirus-covid19-democracy/609313/

Attacks on Press Freedom Rise Across the Globe
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Attacks on media freedom are on the rise across many countries during the coronavirus crisis, Index on Censorship reports. The Indian government is pressuring media advertisers and has shut down channels; Myanmar has blocked more than 200 websites; and 400 Spanish journalists have asked their government to revise a policy that requires all questions to be filtered through the press secretary, who controls whether they get asked. The International Center for Journalists has compiled reports from international news outlets regarding the "extinction event" many are facing, along with their struggles to counter misinformation. In its daily newsletter, Poynter argues that newspapers should restore their paywalls for coronavirus-related stories because the collapse in advertising leaves them no other revenue. In a Twitter posting, Tor Books executive editor Beth Meacham explains the pandemic-related supply chain problems that will damage printed-book publishing for at least a year.
https://www.indexoncensorship.org/disease-control/
https://www.icfj.org/news/key-quotes-frontline-lessons-international-news-outlets-reporting-pandemic-maria-ressa-ritu
https://www.poynter.org/newsletters/2020/put-the-paywalls-back-up-on-coronavirus-coverage/
https://twitter.com/SheckyX/status/1246148311419162624/photo/1

Palantir Provides Data Platform to UK's NHS and US CDC
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The controversial data-mining company Palantir has started work on a data platform for Britain's National Health Service, the Economist reports. Critics are concerned that once embedded, Palantir could be hard to dislodge and that the company has no expertise in managing public health data. However, the crisis is pushing the NHS to improve its analytics in order to better predict the upcoming caseload. At Computing, John Leonard lays out further concerns voiced by the Open Rights Group and the campaigning group medConfidential: does the UK really want a powerful, secretive, foreign company embedded in its health service? At Business Insider, Tyler Sonnemaker finds that Palantir is also providing its software to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help it monitor the spread of COVID-19 and track resources. At its blog, medConfidential lays out a plan for the longer term to ensure that health privacy is protected in the apps, open standards, and platforms that will be built for future pandemics.
https://www.economist.com/britain/2020/03/26/palantir-a-data-firm-loved-by-spooks-teams-up-with-britains-health-service
https://www.computing.co.uk/analysis/4013254/palantir-embedded-nhs
https://www.businessinsider.com/palantir-providing-cdc-with-coronavirus-tracking-software-report-2020-3
https://medconfidential.org/2020/apps-for-the-next-pandemic/

Twitter Takes Down National Leaders' Tweets for Spreading Misinformation
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Twitter's pledge to take down tweets containing false or misleading information about COVID-19 cures has begun with deleting tweets by the presidents of Brazil and Venezuela and US president Donald Trump's personal lawyer, former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani, Kim Lyons, reports at The Verge. The removed tweets included  Nicolás Maduro's endorsement of a method to "eliminate the infection genes" in the virus and Jair Bolsonaro's videos claiming hydroxychloroquine offers a cure and calling for an end to social distancing; Facebook also removed Bolsonaro's video.
https://www.theverge.com/2020/3/30/21199845/twitter-tweets-brazil-venezuela-presidents-covid-19-coronavirus-jair-bolsonaro-maduro

NSO Group Offers Governments Tracking Software to Combat Pandemic
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Israel's controversial NSO Group says it is in talks with governments around the world to provide mobile data analysis software that it claims can monitor and predict the spread of the coronavirus, Rory Cellan-Jones reports for the BBC. The company says its software works best if a country's mobile networks provide the records of all of their subscribers. At Vice, Lorenzo Franceschi-Bicchierai quotes Citizen Lab researcher John Scott-Railton, who calls the effort "an extremely cynical attempt from a notorious spyware company to branch out into mass surveillance." At Sky News, Alexander Martin sees a demonstration that NSO Group claims shows that data governments upload will not be accessible by the company.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-52134452
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/epg9jm/nso-covid-19-surveillance-tech-software-tracking-infected-privacy-experts-worried
https://news.sky.com/story/coronavirus-nso-group-attempting-to-woo-west-with-covid-19-tracking-software-11966961

UK: False Coronavirus Connection Leads to Vandalism of Mobile Masts
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At least 20 UK phone masts have been torched or vandalised, mostly in the Liverpool and West Midlands areas of the UK, in the baseless belief that the rollout of 5G is connected to the coronavirus pandemic, Jim Waterson and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. Because the rollout has been slow, many of the attacks damaged existing 3G and 4G equipment. In a second Guardian article, Waterson and Hern outline the paths by which false claims about health risks from 5G have spread and why they're so hard to dislodge. Causes include rapidly growing neighbourhood social media groups, the networks' failure to promote scientific evidence about 5G, a frightened population looking for something to blame, and competing claims that make it hard to know what to debunk.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/apr/06/at-least-20-uk-phone-masts-vandalised-over-false-5g-coronavirus-claims
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/apr/07/how-false-claims-about-5g-health-risks-spread-into-the-mainstream


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================	

UK: Study Attributes Universal Credit Failures to Flawed Policy Assumptions
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The failures of the UK's digital welfare system, Universal Credit, are not due to IT, but to flawed assumptions and trade-offs the Department of Work and Pensions is making between cost reductions, claimants' needs, and policy intent, says Pt2 in a new report. The policy framework is insufficiently flexible, and the focus on automation prioritizes efficiency for the DWP rather than claimants, meaning that decisions are opaque. Pt2 concludes with many recommendations for reform to make the system more responsive, transparent, and better suited to claimants' needs.
https://pt2.works/blog/2020/04/02/universal-credit-report/

Privacy Camp Highlights Activists
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On this YouTube channel, Privacy Camp provides recordings of this January's event, organized by EDRi, VUB, IEE, and Privacy Salon. Of particular note were the panel on the impact of surveillance on today's children featuring DefendDigital.me's Jen Persson; "Actually, in Google We Trust"?, in which activists from Russia explain why they are safer using Google and Facebook than the more arcane tools recommended in the West, and "Stories of Activism", in which activists working on a varied group of causes discuss how they work and how they use technology.
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLGeR6jS_7N7f_msH4BN-WT64roFWAXfj2

Canada: Implementing Open Educational Resources
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On this episode of the LawBytes podcast, David Porter explains the benefits of open educational resources and open textbooks to Michael Geist as Canada, like many other countries, abruptly shifts to distance or online learning. Porter, who has long been a leader in advocating for OER, explains the copyright and financial arrangements that had to be put in place to make OER a reality in Canada.
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2020/03/lawbytes-podcast-episode-45/

Principles for Guiding Automated Decision Making
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, AlgorithmWatch publishes a set of principles to guide countries in implementing automated decision-making systems to curb the coronavirus outbreak. Successful solutions are grounded in public health policies, as this is not a technological problem.; eEach national context is different; and fundamental rights should be protected - particularly if the surveillance measures being implemented don't actually work as anti-virus strategies. At The Markup, Julia Angwin warns against rushing headlong into massive surveillance while ignoring our post-9/11 lessons: that it's very invasive and doesn't necessarily work. Via FOIA, she is collecting the algorithms that determine who gets tested in US states.
https://algorithmwatch.org/en/our-position-on-adms-and-the-fight-against-covid19/
https://www.accessnow.org/releases-recommendations-on-privacy-data-protection-covid-19/
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/23/technology/coronavirus-surveillance-tracking-privacy.html
https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/asia/2020-03-20/how-civic-technology-can-help-stop-pandemic
https://www.getrevue.co/profile/themarkup/issues/do-we-need-to-give-up-privacy-to-fight-the-coronavirus-234921

Open Letter Calls for Removing Intellectual Property Impediments in Coronavirus Crisis
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter, IFLA urges the World Intellectual Property Organization to ensure that IP  regimes do not hinder efforts to tackle both the coronavirus outbreak and its consequences. It is co-signed by dozens of other organizations such as India's Centre for Internet and Society, Communia, Creative Commons, Digitale Gesellschaft, Knowledge Ecology International, Public Citizen, and the German, Spanish, and Italian branches of Wikimedia. The letter recommends that rights holders should remove licensing restrictions that inhibit remote education and research, create a global pool of rights in technology related to COVID-19, and support countries' rights to use exceptions in the interests of ensuring equitable access to medicines and medical technologies. At The Register, Kieren McCarthy explains the growing conflict between authors' and publishers' organizations and the Internet Archive, which has stripped restrictions off its Open Library collection of 1.4 million copyrighted books for the duration of the pandemic emergency. McCarthy suggests that authors and publishers fear that if uncontested the move will set a precedent that will be hard to dislodge.
https://www.ifla.org/node/92993
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/04/01/internet_archive_justifies_its_vast/

Ban Adtech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Wired, Gilad Edelman asks why we don't simply ban companies from using personal data for targeting advertising, the practice that lies behind most of the problems on the technology platforms. Removing the financial incentive is a lot simpler than cleaning up each issue - abuse, election manipulation, tracking, and so on. The result might including making companies like Google and Facebook less powerful.
https://www.wired.com/story/why-dont-we-just-ban-targeted-advertising/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

CANCELED Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://iapp.org/conference/global-privacy-summit/general-information-gps20/

CANCELED Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER AI for Good
----------------------------------------
was May 4-8, 2020; rescheduled to September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CONSIDERING ALTERNATIVE DATES re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER 11-12 Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

CANCELED Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

MOVING ONLINE Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

POSTPONED UNTIL 2021 RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

POSTPONED TO 2021 CPDP LatAm 2020
----------------------------------------
June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

CANCELED Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

TBC JUNE 1, 2020 DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/eifl-general-assembly-2020

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/

POSTPONED We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
Will update June 1, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2021
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

MozFest 2021
----------------------------------------
March 2021
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Wikimania 2021
----------------------------------------
TBD
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020, now Wikimania 2021, will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 27, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Data and Society, EDRi, EFF, EPIC, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, SPARC.

INDELA FUNDING CALL
=====
Indela has opened its second Call for Proposals for projects that seek to advance digital rights in law and policy, as well as support the organizations and ecosystem of actors working to protect those rights, believing that protecting the rights of Internet users will support greater civic participation, and more empowered, inclusive and accountable societies. Indela will consider proposals for projects that include public campaigns, research, public policy advocacy, and litigation. Selected organizations can receive up to $75,000 for projects running over a 12 to 18 month period, as well as opportunities for specialized consultancies and communications support. The extended call deadline is April 30, 2020.
http://www.indela.fund

IMPORTANT MESSAGE TO INFORMATION PROGRAM GRANTEES

=====
At the Open Society Foundations, it is our responsibility to put the public interest at the center of our response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This means reducing the burden on our healthcare systems by helping prevent the spread of the virus to the extent possible. To help keep colleagues and our communities safe, all Open Society employees are working remotely from now until April 20. This decision will require some adjustments, as we tackle the logistical challenges involved. But we will do our utmost to maintain the momentum of our work, and our support for all of you, whose efforts are all the more vital at a time of crisis.

As a funder, we understand that COVID-19 may require shifts in strategy, reprioritization, and adjustments as you encounter unforeseen impacts on you, your organizations, and staff. We stand ready to find flexibility in our grants to help you respond to these challenges wherever possible. Please do not hesitate to contact your program officer with questions or concerns.

If you have a grant proposal currently under review, please be assured that we are continuing with business as usual despite working remotely. As we ourselves adapt to these new circumstances, there could be short delays in our consideration and processing of your grant. But we will be doing everything possible to keep things on track.


NEWS
=====

Privacy and Security for New At-Home Workers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The move to working from home creates new security and privacy issues, Bruce Schneier warns at his blog. Employees' own systems are less likely to be patched, and it's easy to incorrectly configure hastily-installed VPNs and newly set-up tools such as Zoom. To counter these problems, SANS has made freely available a Work From Home Awareness training kit. At Bloomberg, Crystal Tse and Jonathan Browning discuss the risks that home devices such as smart speakers and other listening and watching devices pose to confidentiality for lawyers and others when speaking to clients. At the New York Times, Taylor Lorenz warns that public Zoom conferences are being disrupted by attackers showing pornography or shock videos.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2020/03/work-from-home_.html
https://www.sans.org/security-awareness-training/sans-security-awareness-work-home-deployment-kit
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-20/locked-down-lawyers-warned-alexa-is-hearing-confidential-calls
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/20/style/zoombombing-zoom-trolling.html

Automated Systems Become Humans' Bosses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The "robot apocalypse" of automating human employment is already here, but instead of replacing low-level workers automated systems are their bosses and managers, dictating how fast they must work, what they say, when they work and for how long, and eliminating "inefficiencies" a human manager would never notice, such as a minute's wait between phone calls, Josh Dzieza reports at The Intercept. The result is stressed-out workers, a rising injury rate, and, increasingly, worker protests. At Wired, Tom Simonite reports on workplace monitoring via technology such as Drishti's machine learning software-enhanced cameras.
https://theintercept.com/2020/03/16/tiktok-app-moderators-users-discrimination/
https://www.wired.com/story/when-ai-cant-replace-worker-watches-them-instead/

Patent Suit Attacks COVID-19 Diagnostic Tests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The law firm Irell & Mandella has asked a court to enjoin the medical diagnostics company BioFire from making the COVID-19 tests it has developed, claiming BioFire is violating patents owned by its client, Softbank-funded Fortress Investment Group. Fortress bought up the patents, which were originally granted to the fraudulent blood testing company Theranos and its founding CEO, Elizabeth Holmes, in 2018 after Theranos went bankrupt. At EFF, Cory Doctorow reports that an engineer who answered a distress call from an Italian hospital to 3D print replacement parts for broken oxygen masks for the hospital's ventilator was unable to get the manufacturer to help by supplying design files. At Vice, Jason Koebler discusses ventilator manufacturers' broad opposition to granting local technicians the information necessary to enable on-site repair.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20200316/14584244111/softbank-owned-patent-troll-using-monkey-selfie-law-firm-sues-to-block-covid-19-testing-using-theranos-patents.shtml
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/03/right-repair-times-pandemic
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/wxekgx/hospitals-need-to-repair-ventilators-manufacturers-are-making-that-impossible

NGOs Sue US Immigration and Customs Enforcement over "Rigged" Algorithms
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Civil Liberties Union and Bronx Defenders are jointly suing ICE over its "rigged" risk assessment tool, which recommends detaining anyone arrested on suspicion of immigration violations, Sam Biddle reports at The Intercept. EPIC finds that in a 2014 report for former president Barack Obama, the US Department of Justice warned of the dangers of predictive analytics and algorithms in policing, arguing that justice should be dispensed based on each defendant's own conduct and personal history instead of historical data about other people. Obtaining the report took a FOIA request, lawsuit, and negotiated settlement.
https://theintercept.com/2020/03/02/ice-algorithm-bias-detention-aclu-lawsuit/
https://www.aclu.org/news/privacy-technology/the-government-has-a-secret-plan-to-track-everyones-faces-at-airports-were-suing
http://epic.org/2020/03/epic-obtains-doj-report-on-pre.html

Bot Study Finds Disproportionate Climate Change Denial
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A draft study by Brown University PhD candidate Thomas Marlow finds that a quarter of all tweets about climate change on any given day are produced by bots and are disproportionately denialist, Oliver Milman reports at the Guardian. At BoingBoing, Xeni Jardin reports that Twitter's first-ever use of the "manipulated media label" it announced in early March was applied to a misleadingly clipped video of US Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden, and was posted by White House social media director Dan Scavino and retweeted by US President Donald Trump.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/feb/21/climate-tweets-twitter-bots-analysis
https://boingboing.net/2020/03/09/twitter-uses-manipulated-med.html

Scotland Votes for Biometrics Oversight
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Scottish Parliament has voted in favor of creating a Scottish Biometrics Commissioner to ensure that government and police use of biometrics data are underpinned by rules and safeguards, Mark Say reports at UKAuthority. In a press release, the Open Rights Group welcomed the development, which has been the subject of an ORG Scotland campaign for three years.
https://www.ukauthority.com/articles/scotland-to-get-biometrics-commissioner/
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/press/releases/2020/campaigners-welcome-the-creation-of-a-commissioner-to-oversee-use-of-biometrics-by-police-in-scotland


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Tracking the Spread of Health-Driven Surveillance Legislation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page, Privacy International tracks the global response to COVID-19 as governments pass emergency legislation, restrict movement and assembly, try to control misinformation, and implement unprecedented levels of data exploitation and surveillance. Among its examples, the US Department of Justice has asked Congress for the power to detain individuals indefinitely during national emergencies and for one year afterwards, and Israel has granted its security service access to a previously secret cache of cellular phone data to enable contact tracing. In a blog posting, EDRi calls for responses to COVID-19 to take a fundamental rights-based approach and for exceptional measures to be limited to the duration of the crisis. At EFF, Jason Kelley calls for transparency and public access to government decision making. At his blog, Bruce Schneier adds five principles governments should apply. At the Center for Global Development, Michael Pisa discusses how to balance the social good deriving from having good information with the need to protect individual rights. Imperial College's Computational Privacy Group highlights good alternatives to mass surveillance, and says trust is crucial. In an open letter co-signed by numerous privacy scholars and data analysts, former doteveryone director Rachel Coldicutt reminds the UK's NHSx of social inequities and calls for placing ethics, governance, and transparency at the heart of the data technologies it is developing to suppress the coronavirus.
https://privacyinternational.org/examples/tracking-global-response-covid-19
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/21/doj-coronavirus-emergency-powers-140023
https://privacyinternational.org/examples/3423/israel-security-service-may-use-patients-smartphone-data-contact-tracing
https://edri.org/covid19-edri-coronavirus-fundamentalrights/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/03/governments-must-commit-transparency-during-covid-19-crisis
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2020/03/emergency_surve.html
https://www.cgdev.org/blog/covid-19-information-problems-and-digital-surveillance
https://medium.com/@rachelcoldicutt/open-letter-contract-tracking-and-nhsx-e503325b2703

Abolish Big Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, Data & Society executive director Janet Haven hosts a talk in which Yeshimabeit Milner, the founder and executive director of Data for Black Lives, argues that big data is the latest installment of a historical legacy of "chattel slavery" via scientific and government oppression. Milner calls to "abolish big data" by rejecting its concentration in a few powerful hands.
https://datasociety.net/events/abolish-big-data/

Chinese State Media Strategies Seek to Control Narrative
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Stanford Cyber Policy Center, Vanessa Molter studies how Chinese state media work to control the narrative around the novel coronavirus and deflect blame. Molter teases out China's approach by comparing Chinese postings on Facebook with those from US media outlets and then turns her attention to how US reporting has evolved over time.
https://cyber.fsi.stanford.edu/news/chinese-state-media-shapes-coronavirus-convo

Fear of Crime Leads Suburbanites to Enable Surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Radical History Review, Matthew Guariglia attributes the suburban proliferation of camera-laden Amazon Ring doorbells to fear of crime, which is leading white suburbanites to willingly invite police, corporations, and bad actors into their homes. The result is that they are voluntarily subjecting themselves to levels of surveillance that black urbanites have long tried to escape.
https://www.radicalhistoryreview.org/abusablepast/surveying-the-suburbs-how-amazon-ring-and-a-racialized-fear-of-crime-is-ushering-in-a-new-period-of-mass-surveillance/

Coronavirus Fight Needs Open Access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview by Canadian law professor Michael Geist for his LawBytes podcast, SPARC executive director Heather Joseph discusses the importance of open access in the global fight against the novel coronavirus to enable scientists to build freely on each other's work. An LSE study found on March 5, however, that more than half of the 13,818 papers published since the 1990s on coronaviruses were behind paywalls even though the underlying work was typically paid for by taxpayers. SPARC Europe reports that the French Open Science Committee has made a record-breaking pledge of €450,000 to OpenCitations, the Public Knowledge Project, and the Directory of Open Access Books. At Wired, Klint Finley reports that government science advisors in a dozen countries including the US have published an open letter calling on scientific publishers asking them to make all research relating to the coronavirus and COVID-19 freely accessible through PubMed Central or through the WHO's COVID database. At Technology Review, Karen Hao reports that under the request of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, researchers at the US National Library of Medicine, the Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence, and Microsoft have compiled the COVID-19 Open Research Dataset, comprising over 24,000 research papers from bioRxiv, medRxiv, and peer-reviewed journals that cover SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, and coronaviruses.
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2020/03/lawbytes-podcast-episode-43/
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2020/03/05/the-coronavirus-covid-19-outbreak-highlights-serious-deficiencies-in-scholarly-communication/
https://sparceurope.org/the-french-open-science-committee-makes-record-breaking-scoss-pledge/
https://www.wired.com/story/global-officials-call-free-access-covid-19-research/
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/615367/coronavirus-24000-research-papers-available-open-data

End Internet Shutdowns to Save Lives
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, Access Now argues that internet shutdowns will help spread the virus, and asks visitors to tweet its calls on governments in Ethiopia, India, Myanmar, and Bangladesh to restore internet access in the areas of their countries where it's been shut down.
https://www.accessnow.org/keepiton-internet-shutdowns-during-covid-19-will-help-spread-the-virus/


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

CANCELED Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://iapp.org/conference/global-privacy-summit/general-information-gps20/

CANCELED Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER AI for Good
----------------------------------------
was May 4-8, 2020; rescheduled to September 21-25, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

CONSIDERING ALTERNATIVE DATES re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

POSTPONED TO SEPTEMBER 11-12 Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

CANCELED Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2020/03/05/important-cc-global-summit-update/

MOVING ONLINE Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

POSTPONED UNTIL 2021 RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

POSTPONED TO 2021 CPDP LatAm 2020
----------------------------------------
June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen, Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

POSTPONED TO 2021 Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

TBC JUNE 1, 2020 DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

EIFL General Assembly
----------------------------------------
September 24-26, 2020
Vilnius, Lithuania
The GA is EIFL's major annual knowledge-sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition economy countries.
https://www.eifl.net/events/general-assembly-2020

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


***

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Our mailing address is:
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 13, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the Open Society Foundations. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, La Quadature du Net.


NEWS
=====

China: Government Surveillance Escalates to Contain the Coronavirus
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Government surveillance has reached a new level in China as part of the country's response to the coronavirus and may become a "new normal", Lily Kuo reports at the Guardian. Security measures include detailed tracking of people's movements, for example requiring them to scan a QR code and write down their name and ID number, temperature, and recent travel history before entering apartment compounds and workplaces. At the New York Times, Paul Mozur, Raymond Zhong, and Aaron Krolik report that the phone app Alipay Health Code, which citizens are required to install, decides in real time whether the individual should be suspected of carrying the COVID-19 virus and whether they should be permitted to use public spaces. The app assigns each person a green, yellow, or red color health status, and appears to share information with the police, but gives users no transparency into its decision making. In a Twitter thread, Mozur has posted video clips showing the app at work in the metro and in some areas only open to those with green codes.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/09/the-new-normal-chinas-excessive-coronavirus-public-monitoring-could-be-here-to-stay
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/01/business/china-coronavirus-surveillance.html
https://twitter.com/paulmozur/status/1234310754452434945

France: Administrative Court Strikes Down Facial Recognition in Schools
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Administrative Court of Marseille has ruled that facial recognition systems are a disproportionate measure for controlling access to two high schools in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of France, La Quadrature du Net reports on its blog. The Court also found that the system breaches the General Data Protection Regulation because students subject to school rules cannot freely give consent. At AI Regulation, Theodore Christakis gives background on the involvement in the case of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, which told the court that less intrusive means could have been found to achieve the objective of increasing school security.
https://www.laquadrature.net/en/2020/02/27/first-success-against-facial-recognition/
https://ai-regulation.com/first-decision-ever-of-a-french-court-applying-gdpr-to-facial-recognition/

Sweden Passes Law Allowing Police Hacking
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Swedish parliament has passed a law that will allow Swedish law enforcement to apply to the courts for a warrant to hack into devices they believe a suspect might have used to commit a crime that attracts at least a two-year prison sentence, Dataskydd.net reports at EDRi. Critics object that the law permits police to hack into devices that belong to mere acquaintances, and allows prosecutors to issue their own warrants if they think the courts will be too slow.
https://edri.org/swedish-law-enforcement-given-the-permission-to-hack/

US Federal Agencies Buy Location History Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
US federal agencies including Customs and Border Protection, the Secret Service, and Immigration and Customs Enforcement are bypassing warrant requirements by buying location history data from "data-to-knowledge" company Babel Street, Charles Levinson reports at Protocol. Under the terms of use, the agencies are forbidden from using the technology as evidence or mentioning it in legal proceedings. The data enables agents to geofence the area around an investigation site, identify devices that were nearby in the days before the incident, and track their locations through the previous months as well as where they went afterwards. At NBC News, Jon Schuppe reports that after police in Gainesville, FL obtained a geofence warrant, resident Zachary McCoy, who uses the RunKeeper smartphone app to track his bike rides, discovered that riding past a house that had been burgled led police to list him as a suspect and demand access to his Google account.
https://www.protocol.com/government-buying-location-data
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/google-tracked-his-bike-ride-past-burglarized-home-made-him-n1151761

Smithsonian Institution Adds 2.8 Million Images to Public Domain
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Smithsonian Institution has released 2.8 million high-quality images and 3D models into the public domain for free use for any purpose and will continue adding to the database as images, songs, data sets, and other material are digitized and determined to be free of copyright, Mike Masnick reports at TechDirt. As part of the project, the Institution is asking volunteers to work online to help transcribe scans of books and documents.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20200225/14150743985/smithsonian-releases-28-million-images-3d-models-into-public-domain.shtml
https://transcription.si.edu/browse?sort=latest

Australian Government Sues Facebook Over Cambridge Analytica
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Australian information minister, Angelene Falk, has filed a lawsuit in federal court against Facebook, arguing that it failed to protect Australia's roughly 311,127 users (in 2014-2015) from having their data collected and exploited for the purposes of political profiling by Cambridge Analytica, contrary to their reasonable expectations, Josh Taylor reports at the Guardian. Falk argues that the system's design made it impossible for users to consent or control how their data was used.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2020/mar/09/facebook-cambridge-analytica-sued-australian-information-watchdog-300000-privacy-breaches


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Chinese Censors Seek to Control Spread of Coronavirus Information
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting for Citizen Lab, Lotus Ruan, Jeffrey Knockel, and Masashi Crete-Nishihata outline their study of how the Chinese government is controlling information about the coronavirus on WeChat, YY, and other Chinese social media, where early warnings of the epidemic were censored. In early February, the Cyberspace Administration of China announced it would punish websites, platforms, and accounts for "harmful content", and "spreading fear". At the Washington Post, Tony Romm writes that half-truths and outright falsehoods are proliferating on WhatsApp, particularly in African and Asian countries. At Fast Company, Mark Wilson reports that new research from MIT finds that labeling content as fact-checked and disputed leads to the "implied truth effect" - people believe that unlabeled stories are trustworthy.
https://citizenlab.ca/2020/03/censored-contagion-how-information-on-the-coronavirus-is-managed-on-chinese-social-media/
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/03/02/whatsapp-coronavirus-misinformation/
https://www.fastcompany.com/90471349/study-facebooks-fake-news-labels-have-a-fatal-flaw

Uganda Still Awaits Benefits of Data Protection Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Unwanted Witness summarizes the first year in operation of Uganda's data protection law. Although the Ministry of Information Communications Technology and National Guidance is mandated to develop regulations to enforce the new law, it has yet to establish them, and meanwhile the government has expanded mandatory collection of sensitive personal data under the national ID system and agencies such as the police force are planning to integrate their CCTV systems with national ID and immigration data.
https://www.unwantedwitness.org/one-year-on-what-has-ugandas-data-protection-law-changed/

Global Freedom Declines for Fourteenth Year
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this year's report, Freedom House finds that 2019 was the 14th consecutive year of decline in global freedom; citizens in 64 countries have seen their political rights and civil liberties decline and there has only been improvement in 37. Both democratic - the report cites the US and India - and authoritarian leaders are happy to break down institutional safeguards and ignore the rights of minorities and critics. At The Register, Lindsay Clarke profiles new research from Chatham House that studies the role of digital technology in the current crisis for liberal democracy; the authors, who include MEP Marietje Schaake, former MEP Julia Reda, and computer scientist Wendy Hall, conclude that democracy must evolve to meet new conditions, though they admit this may be a challenge for the EU. In an article at Columbia Journalism Review, Ahana Datta describes numerous government-sponsored cyber attacks on journalists, particularly foreign correspondents. In some cases their phone calls to sources are automatically redirected; in others their phones were targeted with fake SMS authentication codes for WhatsApp, Instagram, or Telegram or with downloadable malware.
https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/2020/leaderless-struggle-democracy
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/03/04/is_technology_undermining_democracy_chatham_house/
https://www.chathamhouse.org/sites/default/files/CHHJ7131-Democracy-Technology-RP-INTS-200228.pdf
https://www.cjr.org/first_person/ft-nations-surveillance-attacks.php

Data Gathering Creates New Problems for Migrants
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog post at EDRi, Petra Molnar summarizes the impact of biometrics and automated decisions on migrants' journeys. Border guards scrape their social media histories and machines interview them while humanitarian organizations partner with private entities and collect biometrics as a requirement for dispensing food and other aid, placing migrants under persistent and oppressive surveillance. The article is the second in a series on AI and migration.
https://edri.org/immigration-iris-scanning-and-iborderctrl/
https://edri.org/the-human-rights-impacts-of-migration-control-technologies/

Cultural Change Brings New Speed to Scientific Collaboration
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Science, Kai Kupferschmidt discusses the coronavirus-inspired transformation of how scientists communicate with each other, adopting tools like Slack and Twitter, posting viral genomes to the GIDSAID platform for near-instant analysis, and uploading reports and data to preprint servers. Few of these tools existed ten years ago, and their use is enabling research to move faster than in any previous outbreak. However, speed also enhances the risk of spreading misinformation. At the LA Times, Michael Hiltzik attributes the change to open access, surmising that COVID-19 could kill off for-profit journal publication. However, Hiltzik notes, the Trump administration has so far failed to follow through with a plan to make federally-funded research immediately free to the public; currently, it may be kept behind a paywall for a year. Also at Science, H. Holden Thorp counts the global cost when scientists are muzzled.
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/02/completely-new-culture-doing-research-coronavirus-outbreak-changes-how-scientists
https://www.latimes.com/business/story/2020-03-03/covid-19-open-science?fbclid=IwAR1WQjLCOlNRzoC9JmTt4MvILk3iIf4jFpk5AKQlfk9vUmFmxg3Sf4JGrFc
https://science.sciencemag.org/content/367/6481/959

European Court of Human Rights Rules Against UK DNA Retention
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that UK police breached the privacy rights of Northern Irish citizen Fergus Gaughran, who was convicted of drunk driving in 2008, when they retained his DNA profile, fingerprints, and photograph, Owen Bowcott reports at the Guardian. The UK is one of the few members of the Council of Europe that doesn't time-limit the retention of biometric data. The judgment reverses that of the UK Supreme Court in 2015.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/feb/13/police-keeping-drink-drivers-dna-breached-his-rights-judges-rule


***

DIARY
==============
*** In light of the coronavirus outbreak, please follow your organization's travel guidelines, and check links to events listed below regularly for participation restrictions and updates as to whether events will go ahead.***

If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

CANCELLED: ECogS 2020
----------------------------------------
March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Thotcon
----------------------------------------
May 8-9, 2020
Chicago, IL, USA
The 11th Chicago-based Thotcon hacking conference is a non-commercial event intended to combine a top-quality information security conference with a casual and social experience.
https://thotcon.org/

CANCELLED: Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/2020-conference.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

CPDP LatAm 2020
----------------------------------------
June 23-25, 2020
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The first Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection Latin America will be held in conjunction with the first Latin American Privacy Law Scholars conference and MyData's first Latin American meeting. The theme will be "Data Protection in Latin America: Democracy, Innovation, and Regulation". The organizers hope it will be a unique opportunity to bring together varied and complementary perspectives on data protection and its impact on democracy, innovation, and regulation in Latin America.
https://cpdp.lat/en/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


***

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Our mailing address is:
Open Society Foundations, 4th Floor Herbal House, 8 Back Hill, London EC1R 5EN, United Kingdom

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 24, 2020

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, noyb, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

Uber Threatens to Sue Colombia under Investor-State Dispute Settlement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The controversial provision in international trade treaties for investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) is being invoked for the first time by Uber, which is threatening to sue Colombia for millions of dollars for violating the 2012 United States-Colombia Trade Promotion Agreement, Glyn Moody reports at Techdirt. At CNBC, Lauren Feiner reported in early January that Uber would cease operations in the country after a Colombian court ruled in December that the company broke the county's market rules.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20200114/06505943728/uber-wins-dubious-honor-being-first-big-tech-company-to-bully-small-nation-using-corporate-sovereignty.shtml
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/10/uber-to-end-service-in-colombia-after-regulatory-crackdown.html

Preliminary CJEU Opinion Finds UK, French, and Belgian Data Retention Unlawful
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Advocate General of the European Court of Justice, Campos Sánchez-Bordona, has written a preliminary opinion finding that British, French, and Belgian laws requiring telephone and internet companies to store and retain data on citizens' phone and internet activity are unlawful, Bill Goodwin reports at Computer Weekly. The British case was referred to the court by the Investigatory Powers Tribunal in response to a challenge filed by Privacy International, which also intervened in the French case. In a backgrounder, PI explains that the opinion is non-binding, though normally followed by the court. The eventual final judgment will be sent back to each state's national court, which must apply the CJEU's ruling.
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252476876/UKs-phone-and-internet-bulk-data-surveillance-unlawful-says-EU-court-opinion
https://privacyinternational.org/news-analysis/3334/advocate-generals-opinion-national-security-mass-retention-regimes-are

Norwegian Consumer Council and noyb File GDPR Complaints against Adtech Companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Norwegian Consumer Council and noyb have collaborated to file three GDPR complaints with the Norwegian Data Protect Authority against Grindr, Twitter, and adtech companies Smaato, OpenX, AdColony, and AT&T's AppNexus, based on the NCC's new report on adtech, Max Schrems reports at noyb. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas summarizes the report, which finds that ten popular mobile apps transmit user data to at least 135 different advertising or profiling companies, often along with location and IP address, and that mobile users have no hope of escaping being profiled in detail. NCC, with the help of cybersecurity company Mnemonic, subjected ten apps to forensic analysis, including Grindr, Tinder, OKCupid, and two fertility trackers. At Engadget, Violet Blue reports that Airbnb's "trait analyzer" algorithm, which scores the company's users by mining the comprehensive dossiers Airbnb assembles about them, penalizes involvement with drugs, alcohol, hate websites or organizations, or sex work; users with low scores are denied service. At Wired, Tom Simonite recounts the first results of the California Consumer Privacy Act (2019), which include exposing data collection by physical retail stores and restaurants.
https://techcrunch.com/2020/01/14/dating-and-fertility-apps-among-those-snitching-to-out-of-control-adtech-report-finds/
https://fil.forbrukerradet.no/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/2020-01-14-out-of-control-final-version.pdf
https://noyb.eu/three-gdpr-complaints-filed-against-grindr-twitter-and-the-adtech-companies-smaato-openx-adcolony-and-atts-appnexus/
https://www.engadget.com/2020/01/17/your-online-activity-effectively-social-credit-score-airbnb/
https://www.wired.com/story/stores-must-tell-you-how-theyre-tracking/

Disputes Continue over Sale of .org Registry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A group of internet pioneers led by Esther Dyson, a former chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), has proposed to take over the .org registry as an alternative to the Internet Society's planned sale for $1 billion to newly-formed Ethos Capital, Steve Lohr reports at the New York Times. At EFF, Mitch Stoltz notes that 21,000 people, 660 organizations, and six members of the US Congress have asked ICANN to halt the deal and argues that ICANN should answer many more questions from the community. In two articles at The Register, Kieren McCarthy lays bare the conflicts of interest among those associated with the Ethos deal and reports that ICANN has written to the Internet Society and the registry to halt the sale and demand greater transparency. In a third article, McCarthy examines the 2.3 million-name Colombian .co registry, which has issued tender requirements that actively exclude everyone in the market except the US-based registry operator Afilias.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/07/technology/dot-org-private-equity-battle.html
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2020/01/icann-needs-ask-more-questions-about-sale-org
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/09/org_preservation/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/14/icann_org_redacted/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/15/colombia_dot_co_afilias/

UK: Counter-terrorism Police Place Extinction Rebellion on Extremist List
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK's counter-terrorism police listed Extinction Rebellion alongside neo-Nazi groups and a pro-terrorist Islamist group in a guide to extremist ideological threats that should be reported to the authorities via Prevent, a program that requires police officers, government organizations, and teachers to report those who might commit terrorist acts, Vikram Dodd and Jamie Grierson report at the Guardian. At The Times, Fariha Karim reports that the same list also included Greenpeace, PETA, and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. In a follow-up, the Guardian reports that although the police quickly recalled the leaflet, home secretary Priti Patel defended the group's inclusion. At Byline Times, GP Adnan Siddiqui writes he saw in his Prevent training that the program criminalizes dissent; after explaining its inner workings he concludes it should be scrapped.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/jan/10/xr-extinction-rebellion-listed-extremist-ideology-police-prevent-scheme-guidance
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/police-put-greenpeace-on-extremist-list-with-neo-nazis-00zpl7r05
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/jan/13/priti-patel-defends-inclusion-of-extinction-rebellion-on-terror-list
https://bylinetimes.com/2020/01/16/as-a-gp-attending-prevent-training-i-was-surprised-by-extinction-rebellions-extremist-listing-but-not-shocked/

US: Tech Company CEOs Beg for Antitrust Regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a hearing in front of the US House Antitrust Subcommittee in Colorado, CEOs from companies such as Sonos, Tile, Basecamp, and PopSockets begged lawmakers to rein in Google, Amazon, Facebook, and Apple, complaining that the GAFA companies have copied their services' features and penalized them through algorithm changes, Tony Romm reports at the Washington Post. At CNBC, Lauren Feiner adds that the CEOs characterized this behavior as bullying, and noted that they were taking a risk in speaking publicly. At The Atlantic, Alexis C. Madrigal writes that the culture that made Silicon Valley is changing as companies defend their size and dominance by citing China as a bigger evil whose repression could drown out America's free-speech values.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2020/01/17/companies-burned-by-big-tech-plead-congress-regulate-apple-amazon-facebook-google/
https://www.cnbc.com/2020/01/17/sonos-popsockets-complain-to-congress-about-big-tech.html
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2020/01/why-silicon-valley-and-big-tech-dont-innovate-anymore/604969/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Democracy, Climate, and the Loss of Shared Truth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Byline Times, CJ Werleman connects Australia's raging bushfires to its leaders' ties to the coal industry, the opaqueness of political funding, and the pervasive influence of the Rupert Murdoch-dominated, climate change denialist press, which has even accused the Bureau of Meteorology of falsifying its temperature data records. At the Sydney Morning Herald, Zoe Samios and Andrew Hornery report that a News Corporation Australia employee has accused the company of  "irresponsible" and "dangerous" coverage of the fires as part of a "misinformation campaign". In a Sydney Morning Herald op-ed, Chris Zappone writes that the bushfires show that shared truth is essential for democracy to function. At the New York Times, Dana Goldstein analyzes the differences between the social studies textbooks used in Texas and California schools; though they credit the same authors, state-specific editions differ in their treatment of issues such as immigration, gun control, religion, and the history of slavery.
https://bylinetimes.com/2020/01/06/australia-can-only-save-itself-if-it-fixes-the-rot-in-its-political-system/
https://www.smh.com.au/environment/climate-change/dangerous-misinformation-news-corp-employee-s-fire-coverage-email-20200110-p53qel.html
https://www.smh.com.au/world/oceania/australia-s-bushfires-show-why-democracy-requires-shared-truths-20200110-p53qf1.html
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/01/12/us/texas-vs-california-history-textbooks.html

How China Built Its Technological Powerhouse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this special report, The Economist's Hal Hodson surveys technology in China, studying state subsidies, legal issues, and sector weaknesses to show how the country has built its capabilities and technological access, and how its capacity for developing new technologies is changing. The report includes articles on IP law in China, the role of state subsidies, and its increasing expertise in microchip design, especially for AI applications. Separately, in a blog posting Andres Guadamuz discusses a Chinese court's ruling that articles generated by artificial intelligence are protected by copyright.
https://www.economist.com/technology-quarterly/2020/01/02/with-the-states-help-chinese-technology-is-booming
https://www.technollama.co.uk/chinese-court-rules-that-ai-article-has-copyright

Four Lessons from Ten Years of Crowdsourcing Eyewitness Accounts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Correspondent, Esra'a Al Shafei outlines four lessons from ten years of work on Bahrain-based CrowdVoice, a platform to crowdsource eyewitness accounts from protests all over the world. Among them: eyewitness testimony and evidence-based reporting are crucial, and these depend on large networks and anonymity.
https://thecorrespondent.com/227/wisdom-of-the-crowd-four-lessons-from-10-years-of-documenting-social-movements/256407845914-c6d77eb3

Russia Poses Stealthier Threat to US 2020 Presidential Election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Matthew Rosenberg, Nicole Perlroth and David E. Sanger examine the stealthier tactics Russia's intelligence agencies are set to deploy for the 2020 US presidential election. While defenses have improved since 2016, many of the same vulnerabilities remain, and new attackers, such as Iran, have entered the field. Widespread distrust means the fear of an attack could be as dangerous as the reality.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/10/us/politics/russia-hacking-disinformation-election.html

Brexit Endangers the EU's Unitary Patent Court
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Register, Kieren McCarthy explains the arguments being heard in the German Constitutional Court that could kill the planned European Unitary Patent Court. Very few recognize that the risk is serious, he writes; among other arguments, the complaint contends that the court's legitimacy rests on support from the three compulsory signatories which jointly generate most of Europe's patents - France, Germany, and the UK, which will shortly no longer be an EU member. The UPC was expected to be operational in early 2021.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2020/01/16/single_european_patent/

The Inherent Conservatism of Artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the LA Review of Books, Cory Doctorow discusses Molly Sauter's 2007 proposition that AI and machine learning are inherently conservative. Empiricism-washing, he writes, "is the top ideological dirty trick of technocrats everywhere"; he concludes that far more important than what technology does is "who it is doing it for and who it is doing it to".
http://blog.lareviewofbooks.org/provocations/neophobic-conservative-ai-overlords-want-everything-stay


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

ECogS 2020
----------------------------------------
March 23-26, 2020
Okinawa, Japan
The International Conference on Embodied Cognitive Science (ECogS) will bring together approaches that are theoretically and methodologically diverse yet united in their commitment to an alternative orientation, one in which embodied interaction plays the primary organizing role of life, mind, and consciousness.
https://groups.oist.jp/ecogs

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2020
----------------------------------------
April 23-25, 2020
Gdańsk, Poland
The eighth PDF CEE is organized by the ePaństwo Foundation together with the City of Gdańsk and the European Solidarity Centre and will be followed by the fourth edition of the Festival of Civic Tech for Democracy. The 2020 conference is inspired by the 21 Demands proposed in 1980 by strikers in the Gdańsk Shipyard, and is expected to attract around 500 democracy activists, civic tech enthusiasts, media, business and academic representatives, public administration officials, opinion makers, influencers, cultural activists, digital media specialists and activists to debate human and digital rights, transparency of governments, cybersecurity, civic technologies and countering disinformation.
https://pdfcee.pl/en/

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/papers-2020.html

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 15-16, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The annual workshop on the economics of information security is a cross-disciplinary event to develop more effective approaches to information security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/

MozFest 2020
----------------------------------------
October, 2020
Location TBD
MozFest programs and events are co-created by a group of dynamic, vibrant and varied community collaborators, all working towards one goal: the opportunity for everyone to live a healthy online life.
https://foundation.mozilla.org/en/initiatives/open-leadership-events/collaborate-with-us-/

Future in Review
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2020
La Jolla, CA, USA
Future in Review 2019 is a global conference on the intersection of technology and the economy, offering new partnerships, projects, and plans, and the opportunity to analyze and create the future of technology, economics, pure science, the environment, genomics, education, and more.
https://www.futureinreview.com

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
November 18-20, 2020
Nairobi, Kenya
The sixth edition of IODC will be hosted by the government of Kenya with support from the OD4D Network, IDRC, and the World Bank. The conference program will be co-created with the community via an open call for proposals to ensure a diverse agenda of interactive sessions, workshops, and ancillary events. A special focus will be placed on building bridges with the broader data community, exploring how to bring the power of the newest technologies to some of the world's oldest problems, and creating new models for collaboration in order to drive social and economic value from open data in Africa and around the world.
https://opendatacon.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending December 14, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The next issue of this digest will be published on the second Thursday of January 2020. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EPIC, medConfidential, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

China: Scientists Seek to Predict Facial Structure from DNA Samples
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Chinese scientists, along with others elsewhere, are working on DNA phenotyping, a technique to derive a person's facial image from their DNA, Sui-Lee Wee and Paul Mozur report at the New York Times. Ethics experts fear the technology will be used to justify and intensify racial profiling and other types of discrimination against Uighurs, who are required to submit DNA samples as part of a mandatory health check program. The BBC reports that China also now requires facial scans as a condition of registering for mobile phone service so all internet users can be matched to their real-life identities. At the South China Morning Post, Sarah Dai discovers that in several residential neighborhoods the Chinese government is trialing a face-scanning system in public bins, to oversee a new garbage sorting program, and social housing, to block illegal subletting.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/03/business/china-dna-uighurs-xinjiang.html
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-50587098
https://www.scmp.com/tech/policy/article/3020977/chinas-facial-recognition-mania-now-extends-public-housing-and-trash

Gamer Social Media Offer Abusers Access to Young People
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Games like Minecraft and Fortnite, along with the gamer social media platform Discord, provide pedophiles and abusers with an easy way to dupe young people into sharing sexually explicit photos and videos of themselves, Nellie Bowles and Michael H. Keller report at the New York Times. Some perpetrators groom thousands of victims, while the companies concerned have little incentive to tackle the issue. It's believed that the vast majority of cases are never reported.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/12/07/us/video-games-child-sex-abuse.html

UK: Election Sees Political Parties Exploit Data and Social Media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group has sent the UK's Conservative, Labour, and Liberal Democrat parties a letter threatening legal action if they do not cease processing the data pertaining to three individuals, Carole Cadwalladr reports at the Guardian. ORG claims that abuse of personal data is a systemic issue in British politics. In two articles at New Statesman, Chris Stokel-Walker analyzes the main UK parties' advertising media choices in the run-up to the December 12 general election: on YouTube the Conservatives seek mass coverage, while on Facebook Labour targets voters and engagement. At BuzzFeed News, Alberto Nardelli reports that for €300 NATO Stratcom bought 3,530 comments, 25,750 likes, 20,000 views, and 5,100 followers across Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Instagram to test their ability to detect potentially malicious activity. The newly-released study finds that after four weeks, 80% of these purchased engagements were still online, and after three weeks 95% of a sampling of fake accounts reported to the companies remained active. In a series on digital campaigning, the Guardian examines the demographics the British parties are targeting and how voters follow the news on their smartphones.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/09/campaigners-threaten-uk-parties-with-legal-action-over-data-processing
https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/media/2019/12/tories-are-spending-big-youtube-ads-here-s-why
https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/election-2019/2019/12/facebook-jeremy-corbyn-getting-all-attention
https://www.buzzfeednews.com/article/albertonardelli/facebook-twitter-google-manipulation-nato-stratcom
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/series/the-digital-campaign

Journal Publishers Rethink Consent in View of Surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Journal publishers Wiley and Springer Nature will reevaluate papers they have published on ethnic minority groups in China after the Belgian engineering professor Yves Moreau raised concerns in a Nature article, Benedicte Page reports at The Bookseller. As DNA databases and surveillance continue to grow, publishers are putting in place stricter requirements for obtaining consent, to ensure that research papers do not put vulnerable populations at increased risk.
https://www.thebookseller.com/news/publishers-vow-new-checks-china-surveillance-research-1128121

UK Health System Sells Patient Records to Pharmaceutical Companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK Department of Health and Social Care's licensing arm, Clinical Practice Research Datalink, sold millions of NHS patient records to companies such as Merck, Bristol-Myers Squibb, and Eli Lilly, Toby Helm reports at the Guardian. The discovery follows the leak of UK-US trade negotiation documents indicating that the "free flow of data" is a top priority for the US. Campaigning organization medConfidential queries whether the transfers were consensual, safe, and transparent. Also at the Guardian, Amy Walker reports that a UK government contract gives Amazon free rein to use NHS health care information to enable Alexa to offer expert health advice to users on systems, causes, and definitions of conditions, and other content, which Amazon may freely share with third parties and use to develop new products and applications. Privacy International, which obtained the contract under an FOI request, finds a lack of transparency and warns that it allows Amazon to use NHS information for advertising and marketing.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/dec/07/nhs-medical-data-sales-american-pharma-lack-transparency
https://privacyinternational.org/long-read/3298/alexa-what-hidden-behind-your-contract-nhs

New South Wales Police Obtain International Warrant for Simon Davies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Australian police have been unable to locate long-time high-profile privacy advocate Simon Davies since issuing, in September 2016, an international arrest warrant listing 18 child sexual and indecent assault offenses relating to four teenage boys between 1981 and 1987, the BBC reports. In a statement, Privacy International, which Davies co-founded and left in 2010, said that during his time at PI neither board nor staff had any knowledge of suspicions against him and the organization did not work with children.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-50714406


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

The Democratic Dilemma in Banning Terrorist Organizations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this document, the UK's Independent Terrorism Reviewer, Jonathan Hall, publishes the text of his November 26 talk to the Israel Democracy Institute on the democratic dilemmas inherent in designating terrorist organizations, a legal power in operation in both the UK and Israel. The lack of any system for removing organizations from the terrorism list makes the decision to add them inevitably political. He believes the power should be retained, but that it may be too blunt to deal with evolving threats such as those posed by right-wing extremist groups. The new power to designate "no-go areas" has been picked up by Australia and Denmark, and is being considered in the Netherlands. At the Jerusalem Post, Yonah Jeremy Bob reports more of Hall's remarks and the ensuing discussion.
https://terrorismlegislationreviewer.independent.gov.uk/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/191126-Israel-Talk-.pdf
https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/UK-counter-terror-official-We-can-learn-from-Israel-about-opposing-terror-609107

Opportunities for Education Lurk in EU Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Communia, Teresa Nobre explains the mandatory exception for digital and cross-border education incorporated in Article 5 of the 2019 EU Copyright Directive and suggests how it should be implemented in transposing legislation. Countries have an opportunity to move beyond the law and improve existing exceptions.
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/12/05/implementing-new-eu-exception-digital-cross-border-education/

Don't Be Evil
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this audio clip at Slate, Financial Times assistant editor Rana Foroohar is interviewed about Don't Be Evil, her new book about the big technology companies' betrayal of their founding principles. The book was sparked by discovering that just 10% of companies hold 80% of worldwide corporate wealth because of their data holdings. At the Guardian, John Naughton reviews Foroohar's book and surmises its lesson may be that Big Tech has already become "too big to fail".
https://slate.com/podcasts/live-at-politics-and-prose/2019/12/rana-foroohar-book-dont-be-evil
https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/nov/03/dont-be-evil-review-rana-foroohar-tech-giants-too-big-to-fail

Experts Disagree on DNS-over-HTTPS Implementation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, computer scientist Paul Vixie discusses the history of the domain name system (DNS), which he helped implement, and the planned move to route DNS queries over the secure web protocol HTTPS (DoH), which Mozilla, Google, and Cloudflare are proposing to turn on by default. DoH gives users greater security against monitoring and interception, as EFF argues in a letter urging US lawmakers to support it, but, Vixie says, it poses genuine problems for those managing private networks.
https://youtu.be/LYosersEBoM
https://www.eff.org/press/releases/eff-and-partners-urge-us-lawmakers-support-new-doh-protocol-more-secure-internet

South Africa: President Should Enact Copyright Reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Business Day, Andrew Rens and Achal Prabhala argue that the South African president, Cyril Ramaphosa, should sign the long-awaited copyright reform bill without further delay. Until the law comes into force, visually impaired people are blocked from accessing information, musicians struggle to collect the royalties they are owed, media creators lack freedoms granted in other countries, and students struggle to afford textbooks. The country is also awaiting action on agreed changes to patent policy.
https://www.businesslive.co.za/bd/opinion/2019-12-05-no-reason-for-president-to-delay-urgently-needed-copyright-law/

Reengineering Social Media for the Public Interest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for the Columbia Journalism Review, Ethan Zuckerman imagines what the web would look like if it were designed to serve the public interest, drawing on the history of radio to suggest alternative models for social media network design. At Buzzfeed, Cameron Wilson profiles the difficulties facing the untrained volunteers who run neighborhood Facebook groups, which function as combined town square, Neighborhood Watch, and emergency information service. At EDRi, observer Homo Digitalis profiles a previously unknown Facebook content moderation center in Athens. At the New York Times, Annalee Newitz sets out in search of ways to back the public sphere at risk from today's social media and finds suggestions for new business models (science fiction writer John Scalzi), "slow media" (Safiya Noble), and algorithm-generated new rules (Janelle Shane's GPT-2). In a Reddit AMA, Jimmy Wales discusses how his new social network WT.Social, which will survive on at-will donations from its users, will handle the thorny questions that other social media have struggled with.
https://www.cjr.org/special_report/building-honest-internet-public-interest.php
https://www.buzzfeed.com/cameronwilson/neighbourhood-facebook-groups-bushfires-defamation-fights
https://edri.org/shedding-light-on-the-facebook-content-moderation-centre-in-athens/
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/30/opinion/social-media-future.html
https://www.reddit.com/r/IAmA/comments/e52r7u/iama_jimmy_wales_founder_of_wikipedia_now_trying/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection continues the tradition of  offering the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy", and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Digitising Early Childhood
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2010
Milan, Italy
Contemporary children and their parents are inventing what it is to have a digital childhood, and in doing so are introducing families, schools and policy makers to new ways of thinking, doing and being. This conference discusses and expands research trajectories through these uncertainties and aims to build bridges across the different disciplines and strands of research in this area. It will forge a new way forward and consolidate the base of what we already know, revealing what we have yet to investigate and address, and what important insights are emerging that must be taken seriously.
http://www.digitisingearlychildhood.com/papers-2020.html

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 29, 2019
====================================================


The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Access Now, Amnesty International, The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, Center for Democracy and Technology, Creative Commons, Dejusticia, EFF, EU DisinfoLab, Free Software Foundation, Internet Archive, Public Knowledge, Wikimedia.


NEWS
=====

Internet Society Privatizes .org Generic Top-Level Domain Registry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Internet Society has announced it will sell the .org generic top level domain name registry to the private equity firm Ethos Capital, after which Public Interest Registry, the owner of .org since 2003, will discard its non-profit status, Kieren McCarthy reports at The Register. The sale follows the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers decision to lift price caps on .org domains for the next ten years. At The Longest Now, Sam Klein calls the decision a race toward regulatory capture and provides additional background. At its blog, EFF details its six months of efforts to persuade ICANN to remove contract provisions that make it easier for authorities to censor NGOs' websites. A coalition of organizations including EFF, Free Software Foundation, Internet Archive, Creative Commons, Public Knowledge, Wikimedia, and numerous others representing museums, the Scouting movement, volunteers, and non-profits have sent an open letter asking the Internet Society to reconsider. Organizations and individuals may sign on at the Save Dot Org website.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/11/20/org_registry_sale_shambles/
https://blogs.harvard.edu/sj/2019/11/23/a-tale-of-icann-and-regulatory-capture-the-dot-org-heist/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/11/nonprofit-community-stands-together-protect-org
https://www.eff.org/document/coalition-letter-sale-public-interest-registry
https://savedotorg.org/

UK: AI Use Exacerbates Racism and Disempowerment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new algorithmic tool for categorizing prisoners in UK jails risks automating and embedding racism, exacerbating the problems exposed in a 2017 review by the Labour MP David Lammy, Croften Black warns in a new report for the Bureau of Investigative Journalism. At UK Authority, Michael Cross summarizes the objections of UK Supreme Court Justice Lord Philip Sales to digital government depersonalization of public services, which turns individuals into powerless "serfs".
https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2019-11-14/prisoner-risk-algorithm-could-program-in-racism
https://www.ukauthority.com/articles/judge-sounds-serf-warning-on-digital-public-services/

Russian Law Requires Domestic Software on New Devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Under a new law, Russia will ban the sale of an as-yet unpublished list of smartphones, computers, and smart TVs that do not include preinstalled Russian software, the BBC reports. Bill co-author Oleg Nikolayev claims the intention is to show users there are Russian alternatives to Western software; critics fear that the requirement will lead manufacturers to withdraw from the Russian market and that the software will be used to spy on users.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-50507849

INTERPOL Specialist Group Seeks to Ban End-to-End Encryption
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the behest of the US Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Investigation, the 37th meeting of the INTERPOL Specialists Group on Crimes against Children issued a draft resolution banning end-to-end encryption and blaming the technology industry for child exploitation, Sean Gallegher reports at Ars Technica.
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/11/think-of-the-children-fbi-sought-interpol-statement-against-end-to-end-crypto/

Fake Local Media Outlets Seek to Spread Indian Influence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A coordinated network of 265 fake local media outlets in more than 65 countries is managed by India's Srivastava Group in order to influence institutions and elected representatives, provide NGOs with press material, and influence public perceptions of Pakistan, EU DisinfoLab reports. The lab will soon publish a full report and welcomes contributions.
https://www.disinfo.eu/2019/11/13/uncovered:-265-coordinated-fake-local-media-outlets-serving-indian-interests/

Big Tech Business Models Depend on Systematic Violation of Human Rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new report from Amnesty International argues that Google's and Facebook's business models fundamentally depend on constant surveillance and systematic violation of human rights, and that while their power has so far kept governments and regulators from holding them accountable, the era of self-regulation is ending,  Christine Fisher reports at Engadget. In another new report, Dejusticia analyzes the privacy policies of 30 companies with data-driven business models active in Colombia to identify practices overlooked by the country's data protection regime. At Slate, Elena Botella examines leaked documents to reveal that Facebook gains $132.80 in revenues per US or Canadian user. At The Correspondent, Jesse Frederik and Maurits Martijn present data showing that we actually do not know whether online advertising works.
https://www.engadget.com/2019/11/21/facebook-google-amnesty-international-human-rights/
https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/pol30/1404/2019/en/
https://www.dejusticia.org/en/publication/accountability-of-google-and-other-data-driven-business-models-data-protection-in-the-digital-age/
https://slate.com/technology/2019/11/facebook-six4three-pikinis-lawsuit-emails-data.html
https://thecorrespondent.com/100/the-new-dot-com-bubble-is-here-its-called-online-advertising/13228924500-22d5fd24


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Proposals Favor Geoblocking Open Access Research
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE, Martin Eve argues that we should resist proposals to use geoblocking to limit access to the countries that were involved in funding research and its publication or to countries that have strong open access policies. Giving in to insularity impedes the benefits of research and compromises the moral argument for open access.
https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2019/11/11/if-we-choose-to-align-open-access-to-research-with-geo-political-borders-we-negate-the-moral-value-of-open-access/

Health Care Provider Ascension Hires Google to Manage Patient Data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this radio clip and transcript at NPR, Shannon Bond discusses the $2 billion contract under which Google manages clinical data collected by Ascension, a large Catholic health care system that operates hospitals and doctors' offices in 20 US states and Washington, DC. Ascension and Google respond that Google is not allowed to use the data, which is kept encrypted, for advertising or research. The news broke a few days after Reuters reported that Google will acquire Fitbit for $2.1 billion, promising that Fitbit users' health and wellness data will not be used for ads.
https://www.npr.org/2019/11/14/779208282/google-health-data-project-under-scrutiny
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-fitbit-m-a-alphabet-idUSKBN1XB47G

Privacy-Related Organizations Accept Funding from Google and Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg, Daniel R. Stoller investigates Google's and Facebook's donations to think tanks and NGOs that work on privacy issues, and suggests the donations influence these organizations' work with legislators and journalists. The seven organizations listed are: Center for Democracy and Technology, Future of Privacy Forum, Access Now (total donations $208,000), EFF ($30,000), Brookings Institution, Cato Institute, and American Enterprise Institute.
https://news.bloomberglaw.com/privacy-and-data-security/facebook-google-donate-heavily-to-privacy-advocacy-groups

Digital Technologies Threaten Academic Freedom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this forum from International Studies Perspectives, researchers examine various aspects of the impact of online centralization, censorship, and surveillance on scholarship. In order to avert the threats to academic freedom being brought by harassment, exploitation, centralized infrastructure, monitoring via "smart" campuses and classrooms, and anti-terrorism initiatives, it is increasingly essential to improve "digital hygiene".
https://academic.oup.com/isp/advance-article/doi/10.1093/isp/ekz016/5584393

Global Players Fund African Fintech Sector
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz article, Yomi Kazeem surveys the state of the fintech sector in Africa, where 66% of the adult population are unbanked and for whom new companies and technologies offer an opportunity for financial inclusion. In Kenya, financial inclusion has risen to 83% since M-Pesa mobile money launched in 2007. Entrants into these markets include startups backed by American giants PayPal, Visa, Stripe, and Mastercard alongside others backed by Chinese companies and investors. In a Twitter thread, Ruby on Rails creator David Heinemeier Hansson reports that the Apple Card's algorithm assigned him 20 times the credit limit offered to his wife even though they file joint returns, have been married a long time, and live in a community property state. At the New York Times, Yiren Lu explains the workings in China of WeChat's miniprograms, which offer easy access to payment processing for small and medium-sized businesses moving online.
https://qz.com/africa/1751701/everything-you-need-to-know-about-african-fintech/
https://twitter.com/dhh/status/1192540900393705474
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/13/magazine/internet-china-wechat.html

How to Identify AI Snake Oil
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at IEEE Spectrum, Janelle Shane, author of You Look Like a Thing and I Love You, explains to Eliza Strickland that the narrower the problem the AI is asked to solve, the smarter it will seem. At BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes Princeton computer scientist Arvind Narayanan's guide to recognizing AI snake oil. Narayanan divides current AI into three categories: perception (making rapid progress), automating judgment ("imperfect but improving"), and predicting social outcomes ("fundamentally dubious").
https://spectrum.ieee.org/tech-talk/robotics/artificial-intelligence/blogger-behind-ai-weirdness-thinks-todays-ai-is-dumb-and-dangerous
https://boingboing.net/2019/11/21/debullshitifying-ai.html

White Nationalists Operate Openly on Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Guardian, Julia Carrie Wong reports on the open operations of white nationalists on Facebook and the company's refusal to take action to stop them. Active groups such as Red Ice TV, now banned from YouTube, and VDare, the Affirmative Right, and American Free Press, as well as two Holocaust denial organizations, have longstanding Facebook pages. Despite critics' objections, Facebook includes Breitbart News on its list of trusted sources of information.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/21/facebook-white-nationalists-ban-vdare-red-ice


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

AI Summit 2020
----------------------------------------
March 16-17
Brussels, Belgium
Politico's AI Summit returns to Brussels to tackle key questions about the future of AI global regulation and the technology's implementation. The conference will consider whether and how AI development should be limited, different cultural interpretations of "trustworthy," and the challenges of implementing a cross-border and coordinated European approach to AI.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research ñ to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San JosÈ, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending November 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

Twitter Employees Charged with Spying for Saudi Arabia
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Justice has arrested and charged two Twitter employees with spying for Saudi Arabia by accessing the company's information on dissidents who use the platform, Ellen Nakashima and Greg Bensinger report at the Washington Post. The case is significant both because Twitter is Saudi's de facto public space (according to Human Rights Watch researcher Adam Coogle) and because court papers link at least one of the spies to Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. At YCombinator's Hacker News, a Twitter employee who worked with one of the arrestees describes the tools they had available and efforts to fix them.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/former-twitter-employees-charged-with-spying-for-saudi-arabia-by-digging-into-the-accounts-of-kingdom-critics/2019/11/06/2e9593da-00a0-11ea-8bab-0fc209e065a8_story.html
https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=21470898

WhatsApp Sues NSO Group
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook's WhatsApp subsidiary has launched a lawsuit in a California court against the Israeli cyber-weapons company NSO Group claiming that the company's technology was used to attack more than 1,400 of its users, Stephanie Kurchgaessner, Nick Hopkins, and Oliver Holmes report at the Guardian. At least 100 of those users were democracy activists, journalists, and academics, whom the company warned privately when it discovered the attacks. At Reuters, Christopher Bing and Raphael Satter report that Citizen Lab, which worked with WhatsApp to identify the hacking targets, found that among them were high-profile government and military officials spread across at least 20 countries on five continents.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/nov/01/whatsapp-hack-is-serious-rights-violation-say-alleged-victims
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-facebook-cyber-whatsapp-nsogroup/exclusive-whatsapp-hacked-to-spy-on-top-government-officials-at-u-s-allies-sources-idUSKBN1XA27H

India Commissions Facial Recognition Database to Link to Aadhaar
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Indian National Crime Records Bureau has published a 172-page document requesting bids from companies to build what is likely to become one of the world's biggest facial recognition databases, Glyn Moody reports at Privacy News Online. The database would be a single, central resource accessible to police in the country's 29 states and seven union territories. At Reuters, Rina Chandran adds that Indian authorities say the country is severely under-policed, and needs facial recognition technology to compensate. At Comparitech, Paul Bischoff reports that its latest survey of the world's top 100 most-surveilled cities, based on the number of CCTV cameras per 1,000 residents, finds that eight of the top ten are Chinese; the others are London (placed sixth) and Atlanta (tenth). Also high-ranked are the Indian cities of Delhi and Chennai. Comparitech finds little correlation between the number of public CCTV cameras and crime or safety.
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2019/11/beyond-aadhaar-india-wants-to-create-a-giant-centralized-facial-recognition-database/
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-india-tech-facialrecognition-trfn/mass-surveillance-fears-as-india-readies-facial-recognition-system-idUSKBN1XH0S9
https://www.comparitech.com/vpn-privacy/the-worlds-most-surveilled-cities/

Data-Driven Policing Leads to Racial Profiling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Data-driven policing is leading to racial profiling, the European Network Against Racism finds in a new report. Authors Eric Kind and Patrick Williams find that new technologies such as mobile fingerprinting scanners, crime analytics, social media monitoring, and mobile phone extraction will disproportionately add to the over-policing of minority communities, even though law enforcement agencies present them as race-neutral, unbiased, and objective. The research was supported by the OSF Information Program and Open Justice Initiative,
https://www.enar-eu.org/Data-driven-policing-is-leading-to-racial-profiling

Internet Archive Helps Expand Wikipedia's Sourcing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new initiative by the Internet Archive is allowing Wikipedia to improve its reliability by providing a two-page preview of books cited as sources, Klint Finley reports at Wired. The Archive's Wayback Machine has scanned 3.8 million books, with more millions waiting, and is digitizing other analog media; also, its InternetArchiveBot tool scans Wikipedia for broken links and adds links to stored copies in the Wayback Machine. In a blog posting, Archive founder Brewster Kahle says books are critical to informing "a generation of digital learners". In a speech to the Indian Young National Academy of Science, longtime activist Carl Malamud outlines his efforts to grant Indian scientists the scientific literature access they need to conduct text and data mining, and calls the ongoing "colonization of knowledge" a "moral travesty".
https://www.wired.com/story/internet-archive-wikipedia-more-reliable/
https://blog.archive.org/2019/10/29/weaving-books-into-the-web-starting-with-wikipedia/
https://public.resource.org/speech.inyas.20191106.pdf (PDF)

Abuse Drives Female Politicians to Resign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Women in early political careers make up a disproportionately large number of the 70-plus British MPs who are standing down in the December 12 general election, Frances Perraudin and Simon Murphy report at the Guardian. Many highlight the abuse, threats, and intimidation that have become part of their daily lives as politicians. At the Washington Post, Meagan Flynn reports that in her resignation speech Congresswoman Katie Hill cited the double standards and "misogynistic culture" that led her to resign after her estranged husband gave her nude images to conservative news sites without her consent.
https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/oct/31/alarm-over-number-female-mps-stepping-down-after-abuse
https://www.washingtonpost.com/nation/2019/10/28/after-resigning-rep-katie-hill-vows-battle-revenge-porn-which-critics-blame-her-downfall/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

EFF Urges Adoption of DNS-over-HTTPS
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this press release, EFF urges the US Congress to support implementing DNS-over-HTTPS (DoH), a protocol for encrypting domain name system (DNS) requests that Mozilla and Google are incorporating into web browsers, in order to embed encryption more deeply into the internet, thereby improving privacy and impeding governments' ability to track and censor people. At Ars Technica, Timothy B. Lee explains why ISPs are largely opposed: DoH will remove some of their control. An Open Rights Group report released in June welcomes encrypted DNS, but argues that turning it on should always be a user choice. In a net.wars posting, Wendy M. Grossman outlines the UK controversy over implementing DoH: ISPs are opposed to DoH because it will increase centralization and disable some of their security techniques, and others because it will break the workarounds used to block access to child abuse images.
https://www.eff.org/press/releases/eff-and-partners-urge-us-lawmakers-support-new-doh-protocol-more-secure-internet
https://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2019/09/isps-worry-a-new-chrome-feature-will-stop-them-from-spying-on-you/
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/about/reports/dns-security-getting-it-right
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2019/05/namesakes_1.html

Active Russian Facebook Influence Operation Targets African Countries
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, the Stanford Internet Observatory summarizes its new paper documenting the connections between Yevgeny Prigozhin, best known for running the Internet Research Agency troll farm, and an active Facebook influence operation targeting Libya, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madascar, Mozambique, and Sudan. The operation also leverages public WhatsApp and Telegram groups.
https://cyber.fsi.stanford.edu/io/news/prigozhin-africa

Twitter and Facebook Take Opposite Approaches to Political Advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Julia Carrie Wong discusses Twitter's decision to ban political advertising as the UK's politicians campaign for re-election and the US 2020 presidential race ramps up, raising the pressure on Facebook to do likewise. Separately, Wong reports Facebook's decision to exempt politicians from third-party fact-checking because it "believes in freedom of expression". In a video clip at CNBC, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) pushes Zuckerberg to explain his company's policies on disseminating false information. In a second clip at C-Span, Joyce Beatty (D-OH) probes Facebook's commitment to diversity. At the New Yorker, Sue Halpern discusses the difficulty of regulating narrowcast political ads and calls Mark Zuckerberg's free speech argument a deceptive use of the word "free". At the New York Times, Siva Vaidhyanathan argues we need legislation to force companies to cease using personal data for microtargeting. Based on his six months as head of global elections integrity for Facebook, Yaël Eisenstat argues in the New York Times that because Facebook's profits depend on amplifying lies and selling targeting tools, tinkering with advertising policies won't work. Finally, in an EDRi blog post summarizing UN Special Rapporteur David Kaye's sixth report on information and communication technology, Ella Jakubowska outlines his specific recommendations to help states and Internet companies comply with the fundamental principles of human rights when designing efforts to control online hate speech.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/30/twitter-ban-political-advertising-us-election
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/10/facebook-trump-politics-technology-zuckerberg
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/10/23/aoc-grills-zuckerberg-over-facebook-allowing-lies-in-political-ads.html
https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4824601/user-clip-rep-beatty-questions-zuckerberg-diversity-housing-practices-10-23-19
https://www.newyorker.com/tech/annals-of-technology/the-problem-of-political-advertising-on-social-media
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/02/opinion/facebook-zuckerberg-political-ads.html
https://edri.org/hate-speech-online-lessons-for-protecting-free-expression/

Browser Fingerprinting Trumps Privacy Choices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Geoffrey A. Fowler explains browser fingerprinting, an increasingly-used form of online tracking that is difficult for internet users to avoid, even if they use a VPN or turn on private browsing mode. Sites even exploit the choice to turn on "Do Not Track" to uniquely identify visitors. Fowler identifies 183 popular sites that use fingerprinting, and asks 30 to explain why.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/10/31/think-youre-anonymous-online-third-popular-websites-are-fingerprinting-you/

Child Abuse Victims Suffer as Their Images Continue to Circulate
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Michael H. Keller and Gabriel J.X. Dance discuss the case of two sisters who are haunted by the photos and videos of their childhood abuse, which their father posted online ten years ago and which have been found in over 130 child sexual abuse investigations this year alone. Despite the decade-old existence of PhotoDNA, which fingerprints and identifies abuse images, the response from technology companies remains inconsistent, largely unilateral, reactive, and secretive.
https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/11/09/us/internet-child-sex-abuse.html

The Loss of the "Good Internet"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Week, Phillip Maciak laments the death of the "good internet", the 2000s era of blogs, new media, and message boards that gave a generation of good, thoughtful writers a chance to start their careers with fresh approaches. Maciak now begins his class on cultural criticism in the digital age with a week of obituaries for sites like Grantland, Gawker, The Awl, and Television without Pity. A Washington Post editorial notes that for the ninth year in a row Freedom House's annual report finds that internet freedom is decreasing worldwide as mass surveillance and government media manipulation continue to rise.
https://theweek.com/articles/875251/good-internet-history
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/the-internet-gets-less-free--for-the-ninth-year-in-a-row/2019/11/05/ffe3fca0-ff48-11e9-8bab-0fc209e065a8_story.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

AI@Work
----------------------------------------
March 5-6, 2020
Amsterdam, Netherlands
From automating simple tasks to predicting efficiencies, AI has much to offer business. Yet we have also been warned: AI will reinforce biases, hide important decisions, and deplete employment. Are we headed to a smarter workplace, or a dumber future? AI@Work will go beyond siloed debate: computer scientists, ethicists, academics, policy makers, and business leaders will come together to share ambitions, experiences, concerns, and visions.
https://ai.reshapingwork.net/

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Netroots Nation
----------------------------------------
August 13-15, 2020
Denver, Colorado, USA
For more than a decade, Netroots Nation, which began as a convention for the most active members of the DailyKos community, has hosted the largest annual conference for progressives and other organizers and advocacy groups, drawing thousands of attendees from around the country and beyond, to develop their work around topics such as sharing data, developing technology talent, and managing digital campaigns.
https://www.netrootsnation.org/

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending October 25, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Oxford Internet Institute, Ranking Digital Rights.


NEWS
=====

UN Special Rapporteur warns of "digital welfare dystopia"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, Philip Alston, warns that the world must act quickly to "avoid stumbling, zombie-like, into a digital welfare dystopia", the United Nations Commission on Human Rights reports. Too often, the altruistic claims made for digitizing government benefits services mask the real intention of slashing welfare benefits, installing surveillance, and generating profits for private companies. One of Alston's examples is the Netherlands, whose System Risk Indication system allows central and local government authorities to feed broad categories of previously siloed data about claimants into an undisclosed model to score the likelihood that they will commit benefit fraud. To date, it has been used exclusively in areas with a high proportion of low-income residents, migrants, and ethnic minorities.
https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25156&LangID=E
https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=25152&LangID=E

Automated Systems Place Poor People at Increased Risk
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Campaigners in India are finding that benefit support is being withdrawn from the country's most vulnerable citizens whenever there is a glitch - such as an unrecognized thumbprint or a failure to link to the Aadhaar numbering system - leaving them to die of starvation, Rebecca Ratcliffe reports at the Guardian. The story is part of the "Automating Poverty" project, which explores the consequences of increased computerization and algorithmic scoring in government services across the world. In Bristol, UK, an algorithm tries to assess the likely futures of 11 and 12-year-olds based on comparisons to current adults when they were the same age.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/16/glitch-india-biometric-welfare-system-starvation
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/oct/15/bristol-algorithm-assess-citizens-risk-harm-guide-frontline-staff
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/series/automating-poverty
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/oct/14/automating-poverty-algorithms-punish-poor

Human Rights Index Adds Indicators for Transparency in Advertising
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ranking Digital Rights has published draft indicators for transparency and accountability in targeted advertising policies and practices and algorithmic decision making for inclusion in its index, which assesses corporate threats to rights to privacy and freedom of expression, Nathalie Maréchal reports at the RDR's blog. RDR will follow up with a pilot study and welcomes feedback. RDR is also advertising for consultants to undertake a scoping study to inform funding proposals for its new German affiliate.
https://rankingdigitalrights.org/2019/10/18/newindicators/
https://rankingdigitalrights.org/srdrn/rfp-scoping-study/

Hate Speech Detection Systems Display Racial Bias
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at TechCrunch, Devin Coldeway summarizes a research paper that finds widespread racial bias in the training datasets used to develop hate speech detection systems such as Google's Jigsaw algorithm, which flags black American slang as "toxic". In a blog posting at 20 Minutes Into the Future, Daniel Harvey highlights the pattern of using contractors to give technology companies plausible deniability for unsavory practices. His example: to improve the face unlock feature of its Pixel 4, Google increased the diversity of its facial recognition training dataset by sending contractors to US cities and offered $5 certificates in return for scanning faces. In Atlanta, contractors targeted homeless people and low-income students, often without explaining the purpose of the scans or that they worked for Google.
https://techcrunch.com/2019/08/14/racial-bias-observed-in-hate-speech-detection-algorithm-from-google/
https://www.scribd.com/document/421898931/The-Risk-of-Racial-Bias-in-Hate-Speech-Detection
https://20minutesintothefuture.substack.com/p/google-vs-black-people-scandal-in
https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2019/10/google-allegedly-used-homeless-train-pixel-phone/599668/

Russian Hacking Group Masquerades as Iranian Cyber-Espionage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Russian "Turla" hacking group has exploited an Iranian cyber-espionage operation to conduct attacks on government and industry organizations in dozens of countries, primarily in the Middle East but including Britain, Al-Jazeera reports. The practice, known as "fourth party collection", has also been used by US and its Western allies, according to documents released by Edward Snowden. Danny Palmer reports at ZDNet that researchers have found that the sophisticated Russian "Cozy Bear" hacking group, also known as "APT29", which was one of the groups that hacked the Democratic National Committee in the run-up to the 2016 US presidential election, has not, as previously thought, ceased operations but has used four new families of malware to target ministries of foreign affairs in at least three European countries, as well as the US embassy of an EU country in Washington, DC. Both Turla and Cozy Bear are thought to be associated with the Russian intelligence service. At Wired, Andy Greenberg recounts the history of Russian hackers' false flags.
https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/hacking-hackers-russian-group-hijacked-iran-spy-operation-191021041816789.html
https://www.zdnet.com/article/cybersecurity-warning-this-sophisticated-russian-hacking-group-is-back-in-action-again/
https://www.wired.com/story/russian-hackers-false-flags-iran-fancy-bear/

FBI Traces Child Sexual Exploiters via Bitcoin Payments
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Department of Justice rescued 23 children in abusive situations in the US, Spain, and the UK, arrested 330 people, and seized 8TB of child sexual exploitation videos by tracing $370,000 in bitcoin payments to the Welcome to Video child sexual exploitation site that it closed down in 2018, Merrit Kennedy reports at NPR. The site was hidden on the Tor network, and, prosecutors said, was one of the first of its kind to monetize child exploitation videos by using bitcoin.
https://www.npr.org/2019/10/16/770628069/one-of-the-worst-forms-of-evil-more-than-330-arrested-in-child-porn-site-bust


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Open Access Continues Growth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting summarizing a new study of open access by Heather Piwowar, Jason Priem, and Richard Orr, Our Research finds that green (especially when made available within a year of publication), gold, and hybrid papers receive more views than their closed or bronze counterparts. In 2019, OA articles received 52% of article views, even though only 31% of articles are available as OA. The researchers estimate that by 2025 those numbers will be 70% and 44%.
https://blog.ourresearch.org/future-of-oa/

The Many Ways in Which AI Contributes to Climate Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Roel Dobbe and Meredith Whittaker from the AI Now Institute explore the connections between AI and climate change. The technology sector is expected to contribute 3-3.6% of global greenhouse emissions by 2020, roughly equivalent to aviation and larger than the world's fifth biggest polluting country, Japan. Little of these energy demands are filled by renewables; in 2018 OpenAI reported that the amount of computation used in the largest AI training runs has been doubling every 3.5 months. In addition, companies like Google, Microsoft, and Google are all pitching AI services to fossil fuel companies to help optimize and accelerate fossil fuel production and extraction.
https://medium.com/@AINowInstitute/ai-and-climate-change-how-theyre-connected-and-what-we-can-do-about-it-6aa8d0f5b32c

US House Committee Considers How to Build a Healthier Internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this recorded livestream, the US House Committee on Energy & Commerce holds a hearing on fostering a healthier internet to protect consumers, with testimony from Reddit co-founder and CEO Steve Huffman, recent MacArthur award winner and anti-revenge pornography campaigner Danielle Citron, EFF legal director Corynne McSherry, UC Berkeley's Henry Farid, Google's head of intellectual property policy, Katherine Oyama, and Gretchen S. Peters, the executive director for the Alliance to Counter Crime Online. Among the topics discussed are deepfakes, revenge porn, and the difficulties of content moderation.
https://energycommerce.house.gov/committee-activity/hearings/hearing-on-fostering-a-healthier-internet-to-protect-consumers

School Surveillance Rises in US and UK
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Lois Beckett examines the rampant growth of school surveillance in the US, where its adoption is being fueled by free offers and the fear of school shootings, and in the UK, where it's being billed as "de-radicalization". A spokesperson for Gaggle, which supplies one of the US systems, argues that school surveillance prepares children for their adult lives of workplace monitoring. At Wired, Tom Simonite examines the growing use of AI-enhanced facial recognition in schools.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/oct/22/school-student-surveillance-bark-gaggle
https://www.wired.com/story/delicate-ethics-facial-recognition-schools/

Women Form Primary Deepfakes Target
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Giorgio Patrini discusses Deeptrace's work researching the evolving capabilities of and threats posed by deepfakes and synthetic media. The lab's latest work finds that the number of deepfake videos has doubled over the last seven months to 14,678, 96% of them non-consensual deepfake pornography that has attracted 134 million views on the top four websites offering videos targeting female celebrities worldwide. This growth is supported by the increasing commodification of tools and services that enable non-experts to create them, particularly in China and South Korea.
https://deeptracelabs.com/mapping-the-deepfake-landscape/

Tackling Misinformation Requires Collective Action
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report from the Oxford Internet Institute, Phil Howard and Lisa-Maria Neudert make four recommendations for tackling the spread of misinformation: governments should verify campaigners and track expenditure, political parties should be more transparent about data sources, social media platforms should create open archives of ads and report on moderation and takedowns, and civil society should act as external auditors. At openDemocracy, Peter Osborne finds that the UK media from the Daily Mail to the BBC are failing to challenge claims made by prime minister Boris Johnson regarding Brexit or to report corrections when they have been proved untrue. Finally, in a WhatsApp-funded study of WhatsApp lynchings in India find that mainstream media act as an accelerant that gives misinformation added credibility, and ideology and prejudice are bigger factors than ignorance or digital illiteracy.
https://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/news/releases/collective-action-needed-now-to-tackle-spread-of-disinformation-in-public-life-finds-new-report/
https://comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/93/2019/09/CyberTroop-Report19.pdf
https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/opendemocracyuk/british-journalists-have-become-part-of-johnsons-fake-news-machine/
https://www.huffingtonpost.in/entry/whatsapp-lynching-fake-news-misinformation-study_in_5da89bc9e4b0b5c9be4b067b


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

Tech Giants, Monopoly Power, and Public Discourse
----------------------------------------
November 14-15, 2019
New York, NY, USA
At this symposium, convened by the Knight First Amendment Institute, leading legal scholars, economists, and technologists will examine the extent and nature of the technology giants' ability to structure, shape, and distort public discourse, and consider whether anti-monopoly tools might usefully be deployed to limit, expose, or counter this power. Speakers include Ellen P. Goodman, Lina Khan, Tim Wu, and Ethan Zuckerman.
https://knightcolumbia.org/content/the-tech-giants-monopoly-power-and-public-discourse

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

TICTeC 2020
----------------------------------------
March 24-25, 2020
Reykjavik, Iceland
mySociety created TICTeC to bridge the gap between civic tech and research - to bring two different communities together, to emphasize the importance of being able to demonstrate impact, and to share what those impacts are. Because Reykjavik's city Council has pioneered using digital tools to elicit feedback from citizens on council policies, expenditures, and projects, the 2020 conference will provide a special opportunity to learn from Iceland's extensive civic technology and civic engagement experience.
https://www.mysociety.org/2019/09/20/join-us-in-reykjavik-for-tictec-2020/

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

AI for Good
----------------------------------------
May 4-8, 2020
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on AI. The Summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with sibling UN agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

Aspen Ideas Festival
----------------------------------------
June 27-July 3, 2020
Aspen  Colorado
Presented by the Aspen Institute in partnership with The Atlantic, the Aspen Ideas Festival is a public gathering place for leaders from around the globe and across many disciplines to present and discuss the ideas and issues that both shape our lives and challenge our times. Anyone may purchase a pass to attend.
https://www.aspenideas.org/pages/register

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

FTC PrivacyCon
----------------------------------------
July 21, 2020
Washington, DC
The US Federal Trade Commission's fifth annual PrivacyCon, which is free and open to the public, will focus in particular on the privacy of health data collected, stored, and transmitted by mobile apps.
https://www.ftc.gov/news-events/events-calendar/privacycon-2020

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending September 13, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Liberty, MIT Media Lab, Open Markets Institute,  Open Rights Group, SPARC.


NEWS
=====

Jeffrey Epstein scandal envelops MIT Media Lab
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On September 7 Joichi Ito resigned as director of the MIT Media Lab after several weeks of escalating controversy over funding he accepted for the Media Lab ($525,000) and his investment fund ($1.2 million), report Kayla Epstein and Rebecca Tan at the Washington Post. The issue surfaced in August, when the suicide of convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein while awaiting trial on charges of sex trafficking of women and girls exposed Epstein's connections to prominent scientists, artists, politicians, and technologists including AI pioneer Marvin Minsky. In a September 6 New Yorker article, Ronan Farrow reports that after MIT disqualified Epstein as a donor, Ito deliberately concealed his continuing relationship with Epstein, who both donated his own funds and acted as an intermediary soliciting millions of dollars in funding from other wealthy donors, allegedly including Bill Gates. At the New York Times, Marc Tracy and Tiffany Hsu report that Gates denies any business partnership or personal relationship with Epstein, and that on September 7 Ito resigned from the boards of the MacArthur Foundation and affiliate Lever for Change, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, and the New York Times Company, as well as a visiting professorship at Harvard. Finally, at the Guardian Lois Beckett reports that MIT has ordered an independent investigation.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/09/07/head-mit-media-lab-resigns-amid-scandal-over-jeffrey-epstein-donations/
https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/how-an-elite-university-research-center-concealed-its-relationship-with-jeffrey-epstein
https://twitter.com/macfound/status/1170443088055144448
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/sep/07/jeffrey-epstein-mit-media-lab-joi-ito-resigns-reports
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/07/business/mit-media-lab-jeffrey-epstein-joichi-ito.html

UK: Cardiff high court rules police use of automated facial recognition is legal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a case brought by a former Liberal Democrat councilor and backed by Liberty, the UK high court in Cardiff has ruled that it is legal for the South Wales Police to use automatic facial recognition to find people in crowds, Owen Bowcott reports at the Guardian. The ruling coincided with revelations that facial recognition software had been deployed across the entire 67-acre redeveloped King's Cross area of London with the cooperation of the Metropolitan Police. Mark Blunden and Jonathan Prynn report at the Evening Standard that several other areas of London - the Barbican arts complex, Liberty department store, and Hay's Galleria mall near London Bridge - have been granted planning consent to install high-definition cameras with facial recognition capability.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/sep/04/police-use-of-facial-recognition-is-legal-cardiff-high-court-rules
https://www.standard.co.uk/tech/facescanning-cctv-approved-for-london-hotspots-despite-privacy-storm-a4226661.html

India: TikTok fuels violence and social division
----------------------------------------------------------------------
TikTok is fueling an epidemic of casteist speech promoting violence in societies and villages in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, Nilesh Christopher reports at Wired. Between November 2018 and April 2019 the company removed 36,365 15-second videos that broke its rules on hate speech and religion, and 12,309 videos that included dangerous behavior and violence - 29 times the amount of pornographic content removed from the service, yet only a tenth of the number of videos that were reported to moderators. India's IT Ministry has threatened to ban TikTok.
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/tiktok-india-hate-speech-caste

Consumer advocates and student organizations oppose textbook publisher merger
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Opposition from consumer advocacy groups and student government organizations to the merger between college textbook giants Cengage and McGraw-Hill Education is growing, Lindsay McKenzie reports at Inside Higher Ed. Opponents argue that the merger would create the world's second-largest education publisher, reduce competition, eliminate the used book market, and ultimately raise prices for students. The Open Markets Institute estimates the merged publisher would control at least 41% of the higher education textbook market, approximately equal to rival publisher Pearson. In a press release, SPARC announced it has submitted a filing calling on the US Department of Justice to block the merger, arguing that it will violate the Clayton Antitrust Act and exploit students' personal data.
https://www.insidehighered.com/digital-learning/article/2019/07/30/cengage-and-mcgraw-hill-merger-faces-growing-opposition
https://sparcopen.org/news/2019/sparc-urges-department-of-justice-to-block-merger-between-cengage-and-mcgraw-hill/

Mozilla begins rolling out DNS-over-HTTPS as Firefox default
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In late September Mozilla will begin rolling out support for the DNS-over-HTTPS (DoH) protocol by default inside Firefox, Catalin Cimpanu reports at ZDNet. DoH sends domain name system requests, which today travel the internet unencrypted, over a secure, encrypted HTTPS channel. The change is controversial because it will hide DNS traffic from internet service providers, who often use it to spot malware and other attacks, and will also disrupt some anti-virus software and parental controls. In a blog posting, Mozilla explains options for countering these problems. In a June 2019 report, the Open Rights Group explained the good and bad sides of the move. In a net.wars posting, Wendy M. Grossman summarizes the controversy as discussed at the Internet Service Providers Association conference in May.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/mozilla-to-gradually-enable-dns-over-https-for-firefox-us-users-later-this-month/
https://blog.mozilla.org/futurereleases/2019/09/06/whats-next-in-making-dns-over-https-the-default/
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/about/reports/dns-security-getting-it-right
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2019/05/namesakes_1.html

Microsoft deletes widely-used facial recognition training dataset
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Following controversy about misuse of facial recognition software and the lack of consent of those whose images appear in the large public datasets, Microsoft has deleted its facial recognition database, MS Celeb, which was extensively used to train and test facial recognition systems, Nicole Lindsy reports for CPO Magazine. As the technology continues to expand in functionality and adoption, Microsoft is calling for it to be regulated.
https://www.cpomagazine.com/data-privacy/microsoft-deletes-massive-facial-recognition-database/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Filmmaker Beeban Kidron seeks to ensure children's privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this profile at the New York Times, Natasha Singer discusses the efforts of independent filmmaker and House of Lords member Beeban Kidron to force Silicon Valley companies to stop exploiting children's personal data in order to manipulate their behavior. Kidron's 2013 documentary InRealLife sensitively profiles teens' use of the internet; she is also founder of 5Rights to promote children's digital rights. In 2017, she pushed the Age Appropriate Design Code through the British Parliament.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/27/technology/baroness-kidron-children-tech.html

Internet shutdown paralyzes Kashmir while mesh networks protect Hong Kong protesters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Patrick Kingsley describes how businesses and individuals cope during internet shutdowns in Zimbabwe, Sudan, Cameroon, eastern Congo, and Kashmir, where the internet has been inaccessible for the last month. Among other troubles, dissidents struggle to learn when it's safe for them to venture out of hiding. Also at the New York Times, Vindu Goel, Karan Deep Singh, and Sameer Yasir describe in detail the situation in Kashmir shortly after the outage began: pharmacies cannot restock, and the region is paralyzed. At Quartz, Matthew De Silva reports that Hong Kong protesters are turning to Bluetooth-connected mesh networks to stay organized and safe, and to provide communications in case the Chinese government shuts down internet access.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/09/02/world/africa/internet-shutdown-economy.html
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/14/technology/india-kashmir-internet.htmll
https://qz.com/1701045/hong-kong-protestors-use-bridgefy-to-preempt-internet-shutdown/

Polish government seeks to cancel Copyright Directive upload filter
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at TechDirt, Glyn Moody discusses the Polish government's complaint to the Court of Justice of the European Union regarding the upload filter embedded in Article 17 of the 2019 copyright directive. The complaint will force the CJEU to consider whether upload filters are "proportional and necessary".
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190819/08344542817/details-emerge-polish-governments-formal-request-top-eu-court-to-throw-out-upload-filters.shtml

Librarians protest privacy-invasive Lynda.com learning tool changes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at CNBC, Jennifer Elias finds that librarians are protesting changes to Microsoft-owned LinkedIn's Lynda.com learning tools. As part of rebranding as LinkedIn Learning, a new policy introduced without consultation requires library patrons to create LinkedIn accounts using their full names and email addresses, which librarians regard as a violation of patrons' privacy. When asked why it was necessary to create a profile to authenticate users, LinkedIn told librarians theirs wasn't a significant enough revenue stream to justify creating an alternative solution. In a blog posting, Samantha Lee, the Intellectual Freedom Committee Chair of the Connecticut Library Association, explains why LinkedIn's policy conflicts with the long-held principles librarians observe.
https://www.cnbc.com/2019/08/28/linkedin-change-to-learning-tools-registration-upsets-librarians.html
https://www.oif.ala.org/oif/?p=17968

Epstein scandal provokes profound questions about technology research funding
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at New Republic, Evgeny Morozov highlights Jeffrey Epstein's relationship with literary agent John Brockman, whose Edge Foundation network promoted the Media Lab, TED, and Wired magazine, calling on fellow clients and networkers to join him in severing ties. In a blog posting on August 20, shortly after the news broke about Epstein's connection to the MIT Media Lab, Ethan Zuckerman explains his immediate decision to leave the lab. At Technology Review, Angela Chen and Karen Hao recount a tense Media Lab meeting intended to begin rebuilding trust that failed when founder Nicholas Negroponte defended the lab's fundraising practices. In an August 27 Guardian piece, researcher Kate Darling notes the deeper problems surrounding science funding, and at The Tech Kenyan student Arwa Mboya discusses Ito's abuse of power. In a Twitter thread, the Media Lab's sole Hispanic faculty member, Cesar A. Hidalgo, describes an environment that sidelined women and minorities. At Medium, One Laptop Per Child co-founder Mary Lou Jepsen discusses the history of the Media Lab's funding and how to change the general exclusion of women in science and technology. At the Guardian, Morozov argues that the scandal has exposed the techno-elites as "morally bankrupt opportunists".
https://newrepublic.com/article/154826/jeffrey-epsteins-intellectual-enabler
http://www.ethanzuckerman.com/blog/2019/08/20/on-me-and-the-media-lab/
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/614264/mit-media-lab-jeffrey-epstein-joi-ito-nicholas-negroponte-funding-sex-abuse/
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/aug/27/jeffrey-epstein-science-mit-brockman
https://thetech.com/2019/08/29/joi-ito-needs-to-resign
https://twitter.com/cesifoti/status/1170345117695320065
https://medium.com/@maryloujepsen/do-we-throw-joi-ito-under-the-bus-8619ccb036ec
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/07/jeffrey-epstein-mit-funding-tech-intellectuals


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


MozFest
----------------------------------------
October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "Healthy AI".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

Tech Giants, Monopoly Power, and Public Discourse
----------------------------------------
November 14-15, 2019
New York, NY, USA
At this symposium, convened by the Knight First Amendment Institute, leading legal scholars, economists, and technologists will examine the extent and nature of the technology giants' ability to structure, shape, and distort public discourse, and consider whether anti-monopoly tools might usefully be deployed to limit, expose, or counter this power. Speakers include Ellen P. Goodman, Lina Khan, Tim Wu, and Ethan Zuckerman.
https://knightcolumbia.org/content/the-tech-giants-monopoly-power-and-public-discourse

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicated to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 14-16, 2020
Lisbon, Portugal
The 2019 CC Summit gathered nearly 400 Creative Commoners from across the globe to attend over 130 sessions and seven keynotes. The Summit, comprising discussion, debate, workshops and planning, talks, and community building, is for anyone who's interested in the global movement for the commons as an activist, advocate, artist, librarian, educator, lawyer, or technologist.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/08/28/cc-global-summit-lisbon-may-14-16/

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 4-5, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, the Privacy Law Scholars Conference (PLSC) assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice. PLSC brings together privacy law scholars, privacy scholars from other disciplines (economics, philosophy, political science, computer science), and practitioners (industry, legal, advocacy, and government).
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2020-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

Festival of AI and Emerging Technology
----------------------------------------
June 8-10, 2020
London, UK
CogX draws together speakers from industry, government, and academia to create "a space to learn, discover, and connect with the people and technologies that are shaping the future of humanity".
https://cogx.co/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
June 9-12, 2020
San José, Costa Rica
Each year, RightsCon, organized by AccessNow, gathers over 1,000 expert speakers from around the world.
https://www.rightscon.org/

WEIS 2020
----------------------------------------
June, 2020 (TBD)
Brussels, Belgium
The annual Workshop on the Economics of Information Security crosses the disciplines of economics, behavioural science, and computer security.
https://weis2020.econinfosec.org/

DEF CON 28
----------------------------------------
August 6-9, 2020
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest and largest continuously running hacker conventions.
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 2020
Bangkok, Thailand
Wikimania 2020 will be the 16th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Wikimania_2020

86th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 15-21, 2020
Dublin, Ireland
WLIC is the annual conference of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).
https://2020.ifla.org/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending June 28, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, Creative Commons, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====

US considers punishing local data storage laws by limiting access to work visas
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US has told India it is considering limiting the number of H-1B visas issued to skilled workers from countries that require foreign companies to store data locally, Neha Dasgupta and Aditya Kalra report at Reuters. Indians currently receive an estimated 70% of these visas; the cap would be set between 10% and 15%. India's data storage laws particularly affect payments companies such as Mastercard and Visa.
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-india-exclusive-idUSKCN1TK2LG

Facebook-led consortium announces global digital currency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook has announced Libra, a digital currency to be governed by a consortium that includes Visa, Mastercard, Paypal, Coinbase, Andreessen Horowitz, Stripe, Uber, Lyft, and Spotify, as well as non-profits Kiva, and Women's World Banking, Frank Chaparro and Aislinn Keely report at The Block. Corporate members pay $10 million to participate. At the New York Times, Matt Stoller finds four problems: the commingling of user and financial data is dangerous for both privacy and security; insiders can selectively exploit data in anti-competitive ways; theft or hacking of Libra could place the entire financial system at risk; and Libra challenges national security and sovereignty. At the Guardian, Alex Hern finds that user activity on Facebook has dropped by almost 20% in the last year. At Pymnts.com, Karen Webster details Libra's system design, and explains why it won't bring financial inclusion for the world's 1.7 billion unbanked people as Facebook claims. Finally, at the Guardian, John Harris argues that Libra risks entrenching Facebook so deeply that governments will never be able to challenge it.
https://www.theblockcrypto.com/2019/06/14/facebooks-cryptocurrency-partners-revealed-we-obtained-the-entire-list-of-inaugural-backers/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/19/opinion/facebook-currency-libra.html
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/20/facebook-usage-collapsed-since-scandal-data-shows
https://www.pymnts.com/facebook/2019/what-the-launch-of-facebooks-libra-means-for-payments/
https://www.theblockcrypto.com/2019/06/18/what-will-it-take-for-facebooks-libra-to-help-the-unbanked-and-gain-traction-in-venezuela/

UK delays age verification system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK has delayed implementing age verification for online pornography as required by the 2017 Digital Economy Act for at least six months because the government failed to notify the EU as required by the Technical Regulations Directive, Jim Watterson and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. The system was due to take effect on July 15. The news broke shortly after the Open Rights Group published a report on the system's implementation, which it says offers consumers little privacy protection and does not help them make informed choices.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/20/uks-porn-age-verification-system-to-be-delayed-indefinitely
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/press/releases/2019/org-report:-bbfc-age-verification-standard-is-pointless,-misleading-and-potentially-dangerous

Yemen: World Food Programme suspends aid to regions refusing biometrics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The World Food Programme is partially suspending food aid in the Houthi-controlled regions of Yemen because they refuse to accept a biometric registration system the WFP says is essential to controlling food aid and combating fraud, Aaron Martin and Linnet Taylor report at Global Data Justice. The Houthis argue that the biometrics program is part of an intelligence operation and is counter to national security.
https://globaldatajustice.org/2019-06-21-biometrics-WFP/

Canada: copyright review recommends expanding fair dealing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The 36 recommendations in Canada's five-yearly review of copyright law include expanding fair dealing, retaining internet safe harbor rules, and permitting circumvention of copy protection systems for lawful purposes such as exercising fair dealing rights, Timothy Vollmer reports for Creative Commons. At his blog, Michael Geist reviews the recommendations in detail, noting that the committee declined to recommend EU-style linking rights. At Communia, Paul Keller welcomes Canada's skepticism about the EU's approach to remuneration and online service provider liability.
https://creativecommons.org/2019/06/06/new-canadian-report-offers-balanced-recommendations-for-progressive-copyright-reform/
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/06/the-authoritative-canadian-copyright-review-report-industry-committee/
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/06/13/canadian-copyright-report-lets-wait-see-upload-filters-press-publishers-rights-will-fail/

Stress and low pay plague Facebook content moderators
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Numerous Facebook content moderators working for the company's contractor, Cognizant, break their NDAs to tell The Verge's Casey Newton about their miserable and chaotic working conditions, the low pay, suicides, rapid turnover, and stress of reviewing disturbing content. Facebook, he concludes, needs to make contractors like Cognizant more accountable for their workers' mental health. In her newly-published book, Behind the Screen, Sarah T. Roberts reports on years of work investigating these invisible workers.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/19/18681845/facebook-moderator-interviews-video-trauma-ptsd-cognizant-tampa
https://yalebooks.yale.edu/book/9780300235883/behind-screen


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

How to control artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, Daniel Dennett's lecture argues that artificial general intelligence - synthetic consciousness - is possible, though distant, but human control will be essential for our own safety. In a paper for Artificial Intelligence and Law, Joanna J. Bryson, Mihailis E. Diamantis, and Thomas D. Grant conclude that conferring legal personhood on synthetic entities, which the EU is considering, creates too many difficulties regarding accountability for violations of the rights of humans. In late May, 42 countries adopted the OECD's principles on AI, which include holding organizations and individuals accountable for the systems they develop. In a blog posting, Bryson suggests holding AI accountable by keeping and securing logs; the car industry has been able to achieve this because it was already well-regulated.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhsiFjDoxgk
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10506-017-9214-9
https://www.oecd.org/science/forty-two-countries-adopt-new-oecd-principles-on-artificial-intelligence.htm
https://joanna-bryson.blogspot.com/2019/01/a-smart-bureaucrats-guide-to-ai.html

Expanding video analytics creates army of robot surveillance guards
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, ACLU's Jay Stanley summarizes his new report on the coming army of robot surveillance guards that is being created by sophisticated, high-speed video analytics, already a $3.2 billion industry. Billions of actively watching cameras in dashboards, doorbells, automated stores, when combined, he writes, will represent "an extension of corporate and bureaucratic power".
https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/surveillance-technologies/army-robot-surveillance-guards-coming

US: Platform safe harbor under threat
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article at Wired, Christine Biederman tells the story of the Backpage prosecution, which threatens to end the protection from liability for content users post afforded by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act 1996. At The Verge, Adi Robertson interviews Jeff Kosseff about his new book, The Twenty-Six Words that Created the Internet, on the history of S230.
https://www.wired.com/story/inside-backpage-vicious-battle-feds/
https://www.theverge.com/2019/6/21/18700605/section-230-internet-law-twenty-six-words-that-created-the-internet-jeff-kosseff-interview

The global landscape of local news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series of video clips, Index on Censorship and Global Journalist survey the landscape of local news, and finds deserts in the US and Mexico and constraints in India, Poland, and Argentina. British journalists, too, are losing confidence in their ability to hold powerful interests to account. The partners go on to suggest new business models and strategies for dealing with fake news.
https://www.indexoncensorship.org/2019/06/global-journalist-local-news-in-global-decline/

African machine learning community blossoms
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for MIT Technology Review, Karen Hao explores the African machine learning community, which is blossoming despite difficulties such as international travel. IBM Research has offices in Nairobi and Johannesburg; Google has opened a lab in Accra; and ICLR will host its flagship AI research conference in Addis Ababa next year. While the goals of these initiatives are the same as elsewhere - increasing access to health care, improving financial inclusion, enhancing food security, and improving government efficiency - the context provides new problems to explore.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613848/ai-africa-machine-learning-ibm-google/

US House Intelligence Committee hears testimony on deepfakes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this livestream from June 13, the US House Intelligence Committee hears testimony on the problem of deepfakes and artificial intelligence. Among those testifying about the future, legal challenges, and impact of deepfakes, University of Maryland professor and advocate Danielle Citron, co-founder of the Cyber Civil Rights Initiative (CCRI), urges lawmakers to punish both producers and distributors. At the Huffington Post, Jesselyn Cook explores the impact of deepfake porn on the women whose faces are used without permission. CCRI has helped pass laws banning revenge porn in 38 US states. At the Guardian, Oscar Schwartz argues that deepfakes are a power problem, not a technology problem, and says technological solutions will not fix the "deep-seated social problem of truth decay and polarization".
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tdLS9MlIWOk
https://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/deepfake-porn-heres-what-its-like-to-see-yourself_n_5d0d0faee4b0a3941861fced
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jun/24/deepfakes-facebook-silicon-valley-responsibility
https://www.cybercivilrights.org/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

PETS 2019
----------------------------------------
July 16-20, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
The 19th Privacy Enhancing Technologies Symposium will bring together privacy experts from around the world to present and discuss recent advances and new perspectives on research in privacy technologies. PETS/PoPETs is the premier venue for novel applied and/or theoretical research into the design, analysis, experimentation, or fielding of privacy-enhancing technologies.
https://petsymposium.org/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

SOUPS 2019
----------------------------------------
August 11-13, 2019
Santa Clara, California, USA
The 2019 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers on aspects of privacy and security such as innovative functionality and design, field studies, usability evaluations of privacy features, and longitudinal studies.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2019/call-for-papers

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Techfestival
----------------------------------------
September 5-7, 2019
Copenhagen, Denmark
Techfestival was created to find human answers to technological progress. In its third year, the festival will work across ten tracks to examine the ways technology shapes our societies, from building cities to exercising modern democracy.
https://techfestival.co/

MozFest
----------------------------------------
October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "More responsible artificial intelligence".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19,500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending July 26, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: NOYB, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====

US: FTC approves $5 billion fine against Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Federal Trade Commission has approved a fine of $5 billion against Facebook after an investigation sparked by the Cambridge Analytica scandal, Cecilia Kang reports at the New York Times. The settlement, which has been criticized as not significant enough to the company, still must be approved by the Justice Department, which has rarely rejected an FTC settlement.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/12/technology/facebook-ftc-fine.html

Indian digitization project plans to mine research papers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Long-time open information activist Carl Malamud is working with Indian researchers to build a store of text and images extracted from 73 million journal articles published between 1847 and the present that can be scanned and mined by computers for new insights, Priyanka Pulla reports at Nature. Malamud believes the database, to be held at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, is legal because no human will be allowed to read or search it, it is not connected to the internet, single articles can't be pulled out for perusal, and only non-commercial researchers may use it.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-02142-1

US: Palantir's software directly powers anti-immigrant raids
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Palantir's data mining software has directly powered the accelerating number of workplace raids conducted by the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and the company's staff are closely involved in ICE's operations, George Joseph reports for WNYC. The company faces a backlash from activists and its own staff at the same time that it is reportedly considering going public in 2020. At Motherboard, Caroline Haskins gives highlights of Palantir's top-secret manual for its Gotham service, which it supplies to law enforcement to underpin massive databases known as "fusion centers". The manual shows both how the software works and how police are taught to use it.
https://www.wnyc.org/story/palantir-directly-powers-ice-workplace-raids-emails-show/
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/9kx4z8/revealed-this-is-palantirs-top-secret-user-manual-for-cops

Unauthorized use of image databases fuels adoption of facial recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Dozens of giant databases of facial images compiled by companies and researchers without oversight or their subjects' knowledge are being shared around the world to train facial recognition systems, Cade Metz reports at the New York Times. Images are scraped from social networks, photo sharing websites, and dating services, or sourced from government collections of driver's license and visa photos. The Brainwash database, compiled at Stanford University, includes 10,000 images from a local cafe; these were later used by Chinese academics associated with an AI company that provides surveillance technology to the Chinese government to monitor Uighurs. At the Washington Post, Drew Harwell learns from a cache of records that both the FBI and ICE are using facial recognition software to mine state driver's license photos without the knowledge or consent of either the public or lawmakers seeking matches for undocumented immigrants or crime suspects. At the Atlantic, Tiffany C. Li notes that these rapid, widespread deployments are legal, as they do not fall within our present conceptions of "privacy".
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/07/13/technology/databases-faces-facial-recognition-technology.html
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/07/07/fbi-ice-find-state-drivers-license-photos-are-gold-mine-facial-recognition-searches
https://www.theatlantic.com/ideas/archive/2019/07/faceapp-reveals-huge-holes-todays-privacy-laws/594358/

Pearson Education moves textbooks to "digital first"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Pearson Education is switching its business model to "digital first", Andrew Whalen reports at Newsweek. Beginning in the US and extending to other markets later, the company will cease updating print versions of its textbooks, which are typically updated every three years. Pearson claims the result will be to reduce prices for students while increasing its own revenues, but critics object that the move will shut down the market for renting second-hand textbooks and alienate the 92% of students who prefer print to ebooks.
https://www.newsweek.com/textbook-colleges-cheap-publisher-pearson-ebook-resell-1449860

Privacy concerns lead German state to ban Microsoft Office 365 in schools
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The data protection commissioner in the German state of Hesse has ruled that it is illegal for schools to use Microsoft Office 365 because its standard configuration raises the possibility that US officials can access  students' and teachers' personal information under the US CLOUD Act (2018), Cathrin Schaer reports at ZDNet. Students are generally unable to give consent, explains Austrian digital rights lawyer and NOYB founder Max Schrems, who is bringing a case in the European Court of Justice to challenge the US-EU Privacy Shield agreement. The software also represents a legal risk to local German authorities.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-office-365-banned-in-german-schools-over-privacy-fears/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

The dubious new technology of emotional recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, ACLU's Jay Stanley analyzes a study of emotion recognition, as numerous new products claim to be able to determine emotions by analyzing facial expressions and other physiological signs. After reviewing more than 1,000 papers in the psychological literature, five scientists concluded that there is no scientific basis for the claim that an individual's emotional state can be inferred from their facial movements.
https://www.aclu.org/blog/privacy-technology/surveillance-technologies/experts-say-emotion-recognition-lacks-scientific

Chinese internet outstrips the US
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this summary, the South China Morning Post gives highlights of the annual China Internet report 2019. China far outstrips the US in internet users, mobile use, and, especially, mobile payments, and is leading in 5G. The report goes on to compare the arrays of technology companies, IPOs, and venture capital firms, and notes that globally startups are beginning to copy the most successful Chinese companies.
https://multimedia.scmp.com/infographics/china-internet/

Options for data governance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Privacy International Mozilla-Ford Fellow, Valentina Pavel explores four possible futures for data governance: property rights that create data markets; direct payments for data as labor; nationalized data funds; and clear user rights. A rights regime puts more responsibility on individuals to manage their data, but principles such as data minimization, purpose specification, and fairness can reduce the burden.
https://privacyinternational.org/long-read/3088/our-data-future

The truth of 2016 elections remains elusive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Carole Cadwalladr reviews Netflix's new documentary about the Facebook/Cambridge Analytica scandal she was first to investigate, The Great Hack. While setting the film in its wider context of other recent books and articles on data and democracy, Cadwalladr asks when we will ever know the truth about the 2016 US presidential election and UK's EU referendum. The UK Press Gazette reports that Leave.EU funder Arron Banks has filed a libel suit against Cadwalladr for statements in recent speeches, and has issued a legal threat against Netflix for The Great Hack. In response, the Guardian publishes an open letter from press freedom campaigners and NGOs warning the UK government that the country's courts are being used to intimidate and silence journalists working in the public interest.
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jul/20/the-great-hack-cambridge-analytica-scandal-facebook-netflix
https://www.pressgazette.co.uk/carole-cadwalladr-will-defend-true-claims-about-brexiteer-aaron-banks-in-libel-battle/
https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2019/jul/20/arron-banks-netflix-threat-great-hack-documentary
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/20/letter-press-freedom-campaigners-call-for-action-on-vexatious-lawsuits

Populist leaders stress trade at the expense of automation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this discussion of Carl Benedikt Frey's recent book, The Technology Trap, John Harris argues that we do not focus nearly enough on computing power as a cause of the widespread economic disruption and rise of populism surrounding us as transformation of production and consumption continues. Technology and automation are largely ignored by modern populist leaders, who focus instead on globalization and trade.
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/jul/22/nigel-farage-donald-trump-talking-tech-revolution-automation-populists

Regulation and new rules risk fracturing YouTube
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Medium's new digital video culture publication, FFWD, which he founded, Chris Stokel-Walker explains the impact of YouTube's new terms of service, which came into effect on July 22. Stokel-Walker believes that the fracturing of the platform that will result from diverging national regulations will eventually result in adopting a "lowest common denominator" regime. Also at FFWD, Amelia Tait explores how now-grown former child "reality TV" stars are finding their voices on YouTube, where they have a chance to reclaim their public image on their own terms. The same option may not be as available to today's crop of social media child stars, who have been groomed and presented by their parents, to whom the laws protecting child stars on film and TV sets do not apply.
https://ffwd.medium.com/regulation-is-coming-to-youtube-and-its-going-to-be-ugly-ac385d340cd9
https://ffwd.medium.com/reality-tv-turned-these-kids-into-villains-youtube-gave-them-a-chance-to-set-the-record-straight-f29b0f4bc3bd


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

SOUPS 2019
----------------------------------------
August 11-13, 2019
Santa Clara, California, USA
The 2019 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security (SOUPS) will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers on aspects of privacy and security such as innovative functionality and design, field studies, usability evaluations of privacy features, and longitudinal studies.
https://www.usenix.org/conference/soups2019/call-for-papers

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Techfestival
----------------------------------------
September 5-7, 2019
Copenhagen, Denmark
Techfestival was created to find human answers to technological progress. In its third year, the festival will work across ten tracks to examine the ways technology shapes our societies, from building cities to exercising modern democracy.
https://techfestival.co/

MozFest
----------------------------------------
October 21-27, 2019
London, UK
MozFest 2019 is the tenth anniversary gathering of educators, activists, technologists, researchers, artists, and young people dedicated to creating a better, healthier internet. This year's theme is "More responsible artificial intelligence".
https://www.mozillafestival.org/en/

Biometrics Congress
----------------------------------------
October 28-30, 2019
London, UK
The Biometrics Institute Congress provides an independent platform where the international biometrics community can gather to conduct off-the-record discussion among the institute's multi-stakeholder community. In 2018, representatives from over 30 nations attended. This year's theme is making the world a safer place through the responsible and ethical use of biometrics in an era where laws and regulations are often unable to stay abreast of technology change and the business models based on it.
https://www.biometricsinstitute.org/event/biometrics-congress-2019/

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

18th Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
----------------------------------------
November 11, 2019
London, UK
The goal of this workshop, held in conjunction with the ACM CCS conference, is to discuss and find solutions to the privacy problems that result from the transformation of society brought by the Information Revolution. One of the major implications of this technological shift has been a massive increase in the collection, sharing, and analysis of personal data. The workshop will include academia, government, and industry, as well as communities such as law and business, who will present novel research on all theoretical and practical aspects of electronic privacy, as well as experimental studies of fielded systems.
http://wpes.tech/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

Global Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
April 7-8, 2020
Washington, DC, USA
Global Privacy Summit will gather more than 3,600 professionals from around the world for an outstanding program with a truly global focus.
https://10times.com/global-privacy-summit

re:publica 2020
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2020
Berlin, Germany
re:publica is Europe's largest internet and digital society conference. More than 19 500 participants from 80 countries came together to discuss current issues of digital society at the three-day festival. Participants represent a cross-section of (digital) society, which include professionals from economics, politics, business, hacker culture, NGOs, media, and marketing, as well as bloggers, activists, artists, and social media experts.
https://re-publica.com/en


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending May 10, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Bits of Freedom, Digital Rights Ireland, Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF, Mozilla, Open Rights Group, and Wikimedia Deutschland.


JOB POSTING
=============

EDRi seeks Head of Policy and interim Executive Director
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a new Head of Policy to provide strategic leadership to the EDRi Policy Team and design policy and advocacy strategies in line with the organization's strategic objectives and in consultation with its member network. EDRi is also looking for an interim Executive Director to cover its current Executive Director's maternity leave (six months from mid-July 2019 to mid-January 2020).
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-a-new-head-of-policy/
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-an-interim-executive-director/


NEWS
=====

Russian law enables internet isolation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Russian president Vladimir Putin has signed into law an "internet sovereignty" bill that mandates internet filtering, calls for the creation of a national domain name system, and requires all internet traffic to be routed over domestic servers, Amrita Khalid reports at Engadget. The goal is to keep Russia online if it is ever disconnected from the wider internet by a cyber attack.
https://www.engadget.com/2019/05/01/putin-signs-russian-internet-isolation-bill/

China finances data center, smart city, and surveillance in Kenya
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Kenya's Konza Technology City project will include a data center, smart city, and surveillance project, all funded with Chinese state-backed discounted concessional loans and built by Huawei, which has also signed an MoU with Pakistan to build a data center on similar terms, Sebastian Moss reports at DCD.  At Bloomberg, Alex Webb argues that Britain's decision to defy US advice and allow the telecoms industry to use Huawei equipment in building 5G networks is an artifact of the country's Brexit-related need not to alienate China as a trading partner. In Ecuador, the New York Times reports, Beijing has spent billions since 2011 to build the country's surveillance system, now copied in 17 other countries including Zimbabwe, UAE, and Uzbekistan.
https://www.datacenterdynamics.com/news/huawei-build-konza-data-center-and-smart-city-kenya-chinese-concessional-loan/
https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-04-24/britan-s-embrace-of-huawei-is-really-about-brexit
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/24/technology/ecuador-surveillance-cameras-police-government.html

NGOs demand improved EU network neutrality rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A large group of NGOs including EDRi, Digital Rights Ireland, Digitale Gesellschaft, Bits of Freedom, Open Rights Group, and Wikimedia Deutschland has written an open letter to the European Commission and the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC) to point out omissions in their recent study of the network neutrality rules adopted in 2015. These include new barriers to market entry and a lack of harmonization among national regulators.
https://edri.org/two-years-of-net-neutrality-in-europe-29-ngos-urge-to-guarantee-non-discriminatory-treatment-of-communications/

Sri Lanka blocks social networks after terrorist attacks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A day after the Easter terrorist attacks that killed nearly 300 people, the Sri Lanka government blocked social networks including Facebook, WhatsApp, YouTube, Instagram, Snapchat, and Viber, NetBlocks reports. At the New York Times, Kara Swisher notes that her first reaction to the news - "Good" - shocked her as a long-time freedom of speech advocate. At Gizmodo, Patrick Howell O'Neill points out that this is not a simple story of failing social media; instead, Facebook is so deeply intertwined with Southeast Asian economy, society, and polities that it can't be easily turned off - and it was the only medium available for democratic pushback against the failed October 2018 coup.
https://netblocks.org/reports/social-media-blocked-in-sri-lanka-following-church-and-hotel-bombings-XaAwlQBM
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/22/opinion/sri-lanka-facebook-bombings.html
https://gizmodo.com/why-social-media-going-dark-in-sri-lanka-isnt-as-simple-1834220160

Internet health is under threat
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Openness is under attack, access is still a fundamental challenge for inclusion, investing in web literacy is urgently needed, and too much of the internet is dominated by just eight American and Chinese companies, the Mozilla Foundation reports in the 2019 Internet Health Report. The report asks three questions: how do we demand that AI put human needs above all others; what promising efforts are afoot to remedy targeted advertising and personal data collection; and how can city governments and civil society work together?
https://internethealthreport.org/2019/about/

McGraw-Hill and Cengage announce merger plans
----------------------------------------------------------------------
McGraw-Hill and Cengage, two of the US's three biggest textbook publishers, have announced plans to merge in early 2020, Goldie Blumenstyk reports at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Federal antitrust regulators are expected to scrutinize the plan and may require one or both companies to divest some assets. The loss of competition may result in higher prices for the companies' subscription programs.
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Planned-Merger-of-Cengage-and/246224


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Facebook's role in Brexit - and the threat to democracy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this TED talk, Observer journalist Carole Cadwalladr recounts the results of a year's investigation into Facebook and pleads with the "gods of Silicon Valley" to act to restore democracy in the face of illegal cash spent by hidden figures to spread lies across the internet in the service of social disruption. Saying "we must do better in future" is not enough to restore free and fair elections. At Politico, Mark Scott reports that with the European elections two weeks away Facebook's political transparency tools are being circumvented by political groups in Hungary and Spain, and that the company has yet to announce any successes at preventing digital campaigns that intend to mislead voters. At Wired, Matt Burgess finds that no amount of encryption can change Facebook's fundamental privacy-busting dependence on advertising.
https://www.ted.com/talks/carole_cadwalladr_facebook_s_role_in_brexit_and_the_threat_to_democracy#t-903286
https://www.politico.eu/article/facebook-european-election-war-room-dublin-political-advertising-misinformation-mark-zuckerberg/
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/facebook-redesign-f8-encryption

5G brings new potential for surveillance and insecurity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for The New Yorker, Sue Halpern considers the cyber attacks and surveillance that the totally-connected 5G network may bring us. The vastly increased speed and vastly reduced latency coupled with the spread of the Internet of Things will open many more opportunities for disruption - but carriers are building new services on top of the vulnerable existing infrastructure and rolling them out as fast as they can. The market leader is Huawei, which is subject to a Chinese law requiring companies to cooperate with the country's state intelligence agencies.
https://www.newyorker.com/news/annals-of-communications/the-terrifying-potential-of-the-5g-network

Correcting misperceptions about China's Social Credit
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Logic, Shazeda Ahmed seeks to set the record straight about the Chinese social credit system. Although it is still capable of causing harm and the Chinese government does maintain a sophisticated and pervasive surveillance system, she says social credit is "a broad policy project for encouraging individuals, business, legal institutions, and government to be more trustworthy that uses both incentives and deterrents to guide behavior.  Much criticism, she writes, is Westerners projecting fear of their own governments' surveillance onto Chinese society.
https://logicmag.io/07-the-messy-truth-about-social-credit/

NGOs overlook the needs of refugee men
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bright, Marta Vidal profiles the efforts of several non-profits in Jordan seeking to reverse the way humanitarian NGOs often overlook the needs of refugee men due to gender stereotyping that sees them as less vulnerable than women and children. Many accordingly have less access to humanitarian services, despite the loss of identity and autonomy associated with being unable to work.
https://brightthemag.com/ngos-need-change-how-they-relate-refugee-men-migrant-crisis-human-rights-aid-a4c3927e5e54

Poverty changes privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Mary Madden explores the many ways in which poor people experience privacy differently, from unfair targeting by law enforcement and higher levels of surveillance to cascading and far more damaging consequences of identity fraud or biased recruitment algorithms. The poor are both far more vulnerable and far less able to afford protections. EFF's Spot the Surveillance VR app is intended to help communities identify the spying technologies deployed by police.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/25/opinion/privacy-poverty.html
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/04/its-now-even-easier-spot-surveillance-updates-effs-vr-app

Tesla-obsessed Twitter swarm creates new form of crowd-sourcing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Los Angeles Times, Russ Mitchell documents the crowd-sourced social media research swarm that investigates Tesla via the Twitter hashtag $TslaQ. Singly and collectively, this group of hard-core believers that Tesla is financially unsustainable have flown over parking lots to check the number and age of cars awaiting sale, track Tesla-loaded ships, study customer complaints, and chart the financials Tesla publishes in far more detail than any investment advisor has ever been able to do.
https://www.latimes.com/business/autos/la-fi-hy-tesla-short-sellers-musk-20190408-story.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 2-4, 2019
Marseille, France
In 2019, the Electronic Publishing conference will take as an inspirational starting point the concept of bibliodiversity, a term coined by Chilean publishers in the 1990s. The forum will revisit its definition and explore what it means today, five years after the 2014 adoption by 400 publishers from 45 countries of the International Declaration of Independent Publishers to Promote and Strengthen Bibliodiversity Together. This year's conference aims to bring together the inquiring minds of the academic, professional, and publishing industries to explore the ever-evolving nature of knowledge transmission within human societies.
https://elpub2019.sciencesconf.org/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromso, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an outstanding opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

***

This list is now managed by MailChimp.

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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Our mailing address is:
Open Society Foundations, 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP, United Kingdom

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 26, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, Simon Fraser University.


JOB POSTING
=============

EDRi seeks Head of Policy and interim Executive Director
-----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights (EDRi) is looking for a new Head of Policy to provide strategic leadership to the EDRi Policy Team and design policy and advocacy strategies in line with the organization's strategic objectives and in consultation with its member network. EDRi is also looking for an interim Executive Director to cover its current Executive Director's maternity leave (six months from mid-July 2019 to mid-January 2020).
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-a-new-head-of-policy/
https://edri.org/edri-is-looking-for-an-interim-executive-director/


NEWS
=====

Lawsuit aims to block Toronto "smart city" development
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Canadian Civil Liberties Association is suing federal, provincial, and municipal governments to obtain court orders blocking the Sidewalk Labs and Waterfront Toronto partnership's plan to redevelop a 12-acre site in Toronto as a "smart city", Jordan Pearson reports at Motherboard. CCLA is also asking the court to declare that the three levels of government and Waterfront Toronto violated Canadians' privacy rights in forming the agreement with Sidewalk Labs, a subsidiary of Alphabet (Google's parent), because Torontonians cannot give consent under the plan to create pervasive surveillance via ubiquitous sensors.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/gy4bgj/canada-is-getting-sued-over-sidewalk-labs-smart-city-in-toronto

EU completes passage of Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The EU Council of Ministers has passed the Copyright Directive 19 votes to six, with three abstentions, EDRi reports. Member states have two years to translate the directive into national law, which will be the last opportunity to modify the link tax and upload filter provisions. At her blog, German MEP Julia Reda points out the successes won by those protesting the worst aspects of the directive.
https://edri.org/eu-member-states-give-green-light-for-copyright-censorship/
https://juliareda.eu/2019/04/not-in-vain/

Facebook's private documents belie its public posture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Thousands of pages of leaked internal documents show that Facebook enhanced or denied access to user data as a business strategy to retain advertising clients and punish potential rivals while outwardly claiming these moves were intended to protect user privacy, Olivia Solon and Cyrus Farivar report at NBC News. At Mother Jones, Pema Levy and Tonya Riley find that the Cambridge Analytica scandal provided an opening for civil society groups to find some success after years of effort to get Facebook to remediate its systemic discrimination. At Wired, Nicholas Thompson and Fred Vogelstein recount the inside story of Facebook's 2018, when it was under siege from all sides.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/social-media/mark-zuckerberg-leveraged-facebook-user-data-fight-rivals-help-friends-n994706
https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2019/04/activists-couldnt-get-facebook-to-tackle-its-discrimination-problem-until-the-russia-scandal-hit/
https://www.wired.com/story/facebook-mark-zuckerberg-15-months-of-fresh-hell/

Academia continues to overweight journal impact factors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A new survey of North American institutions finds that 40% of research-intensive universities consider journal impact factors when deciding on promotions, Holly Else reports at Nature. The language institutions use wrongly implies that high impact factors are associated with research quality, even though the metric has been widely criticized. The study, led by the neurophysicist Erin McKiernan, was funded by OSF's Information Program through Simon Fraser University.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01151-4

Chinese success spreads desire for internet control
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Fueled by both the widely-publicized problems of Western social media and the success of Chinese technology companies, China's model of the tightly controlled internet is being widely copied across the world, Lulu Yilun Chen and Yoolim Lee report for Bloomberg. Among the countries interested in adopting a similar walled-off model are Vietnam and Thailand. AFP reports at the Japan Times that the Singaporean government's proposals to combat fake news are being called an "assault on free speech" by critics such as the Asia Internet Coalition.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-04-14/china-wins-allies-for-web-vision-in-ideological-battle-with-u-s
https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2019/04/07/asia-pacific/social-issues-asia-pacific/singapores-fake-news-laws-upset-tech-giants-stoke-censorship-fears/

Australia passes controversial violent content law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Australia's newly-passed Sharing of Abhorrent Violent Material bill creates new offenses for content service providers and hosting services that fail to notify the Australian federal police about or rapidly remove videos depicting "abhorrent violent conduct" such as terrorist acts, murders, torture, or rape, Paul Karp reports at the Guardian. Despite its protections for public-interest journalism, the bill was widely opposed by technology companies, media organizations, and legal experts.
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/apr/04/australia-passes-social-media-law-penalising-platforms-for-violent-content


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

3D scans may help restore Notre Dame
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Open Culture explains that detailed 3D laser scans taken in 2015 by the late Vassar art historian Andrew Tallon will provide one billion points of data to help accurately restore the fire-damaged Notre Dame cathedral. At National Geographic, Rachel Hartigan Shea gives details of how the project was carried out. At the New York Post, Amanda Woods adds that Ubisoft, publisher of the 2014 game "Assassin's Creed Unity" can also help: incorporated into the game's French Revolution setting is a detailed, brick-by-brick 3D model of the cathedral.
http://www.openculture.com/2019/04/how-digital-scans-of-notre-dame-can-help-architects-rebuild-the-burned-cathedral.html
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/06/150622-andrew-tallon-notre-dame-cathedral-laser-scan-art-history-medieval-gothic/
https://nypost.com/2019/04/17/video-game-could-be-key-to-rebuilding-notre-dame/

Wikileaks and the death of internet innocence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Lawfare, Quinta Jurecic re-evaluates Wikileaks in the light of our changing views of the internet during Julian Assange's seven years of sequestration in Ecuador's London embassy. At Politifact, Jon Greenberg finds that the Mueller report attributes to Assange a long-running conspiracy rumor that attributed the source of the Democratic National Committee emails Wikileaks published in 2016 to DNC staffer Seth Rich. The leak's true source was a Russian government hack.
https://www.lawfareblog.com/wikileaks-and-lost-promise-internet
https://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/article/2019/apr/18/mueller-report-aims-squash-wikileaks-seth-rich-con/

The Moral Machine monster
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from We Robot (start at 1:38), philosopher Abby Jacques exposes the monster at the heart of MIT's Moral Machine, which uses an animated version of the trolley problem to elicit a mass public vote on the values that should be embedded in autonomous vehicles. At MIT Technology Review, experts tell Bobbie Johnson and Gideon Lichfield that Google should replace its cratered AI ethics board and this time focus on transparency, embracing antagonism, and engaging marginalized voices.
https://livestream.com/accounts/2263400/WeRobot2019/videos/189954778
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613281/google-cancels-ateac-ai-ethics-council-what-next/

Big Tech centralizes corporate censorship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Wired, Emma Llansó discusses the centralized corporate censorship that platforms like Facebook and YouTube are making public in the wake of the New Zealand Christchurch shooting. Facebook and YouTube, along with Microsoft and Twitter, founded the Global Internet Forum to Counter Terrorism in 2017, which operates a shared database of hashes of files deemed to be "extreme and egregious" terrorist content. The database is available to all participating companies, but lacks accountability and transparency. At the New York Times, Kevin Roose interviews YouTube's chief product officer, Neal Mohan, about the workings of the site's recommendation engine, widely criticized for leading viewers down a "rabbit hole" of increasing extremist videos.
https://www.wired.com/story/platforms-centralized-censorship/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/29/technology/youtube-online-extremism.html

Women's health apps introduce menstrual surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Drew Harwell finds that the intimate data women confide to period- and pregnancy-tracking apps such as Ovia is accessible to their employers under paid arrangements. While the data is anonymized and aggregated, it may still be easy to identify individual women, and employers benefit the most from self-tracking. At the New York Times, Sarah Jeong deplores the insurance industry's increasing surveillance through consumer data.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/04/10/tracking-your-pregnancy-an-app-may-be-more-public-than-you-think/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/10/opinion/insurance-ai.html

Closed Facebook groups change the face of Welsh politics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Tortoise, Xavier Greenwood studies the largely unknown closed social media groups that are changing Welsh politics in the run-up to the UK's May local elections. Where Wales is leading, other parts of the UK are likely to follow; the result in Merthyr has been the rise of independent councilors at the expense of the long-entrenched Labour party. However, what began as a means of opening up Welsh councils to greater scrutiny and accountability is becoming a bubble for circulating misinformation.
https://members.tortoisemedia.com/2019/04/14/private-networks/content.html?sig=qWwFx9NuwDG-J0kIcS8lHblCMalgmKLO70pvKeXlYLY

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

22nd International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 2-4, 2019
Marseille, France
In 2019, the Electronic Publishing conference will take as an inspirational starting point the concept of bibliodiversity, a term coined by Chilean publishers in the 1990s. The forum will revisit its definition and explore what it means today, five years after the 2014 adoption by 400 publishers from 45 countries of the International Declaration of Independent Publishers to Promote and Strengthen Bibliodiversity Together. This year's conference aims to bring together the inquiring minds of the academic, professional, and publishing industries to explore the ever-evolving nature of knowledge transmission within human societies.
https://elpub2019.sciencesconf.org/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference
----------------------------------------
June 24-28, 2019
Accra, Ghana
The first Africa Data Protection and Privacy Conference, convened by the Network of African Data Protection Authorities and Ghana Data Protection Commission, will bring together established authorities in Africa and their Global North counterparts for thought leadership, insight, best practice, high level strategic content, and networking, providing a critical platform for promoting Africa's drive for data protection and privacy laws in Africa.
https://www.ardppc.com/eng/

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

DEF CON 27
----------------------------------------
August 8-11, 2018
Las Vegas, Nevada, USA
DEF CON is one of the oldest continuously running hacker conventions, and also one of the largest. The DEF CON 27 theme, in a way, responds to '1983' with new questions. What does it look like when we make the better choice? What kind of world do we hack together in the sunniest timeline? How does our real best-case scenario compare to the future we've been dreaming of for generations?
https://defcon.org/index.html

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

Munin Conference on Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
November 27-29, 2019
Tromsø, Norway
The Munin Conference is an annual conference on scholarly publishing and communication, primarily revolving around open access, open data and open science.
http://site.uit.no/muninconf/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit
----------------------------------------
February 19-21, 2020
Phoenix, Arizona, USA
Attending the Meeting of the Minds Annual Summit is an outstanding opportunity for anyone seeking cross-disciplinary strategies and partnerships that deliver scalable, transferable, and equitable solutions to urban neighborhoods.
https://meetingoftheminds.org/events/motm2020

We Robot 2020
----------------------------------------
April 2-4, 2020
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and those who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
https://techlaw.uottawa.ca/werobot

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending April 12, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, mySociety, Open Rights Group, SPARC, Wikimedia.


NEWS
=====

Voting errors aided European Parliament passage of Copyright Directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A change to the vote order in the European Parliament meant that 13 MEPs who wanted to remove the controversial "link tax" and "upload filter" provisions mistakenly voted against considering amendments to the Copyright Directive, Mike Masnick reports at Techdirt. The motion failed by just five votes; the Directive then passed unchanged. Under European Parliament rules, MEPs may correct such errors, but corrections do not change the outcome. In a blog posting, Communia discusses the "lost opportunity" the Directive represents: it will not balance the interests of rights holders and users, protect human rights, or enable creativity and innovation to flourish. At Wikimedia, Jan Gerlach and Allison Davenport call the outcome "disappointing", but say the Directive contains some positive elements, such as new safeguards for the public domain. At her blog, the MEP Julia Reda (Pirate Party, Germany) says the last chance to stop the Directive will be on April 15, when the Council of Ministers - on this occasion, the Agriculture and Fisheries Council - will vote on it.
https://www.techdirt.com/articles/20190326/15193241877/enough-meps-say-they-mistakenly-voted-articles-11-13-that-vote-should-have-flipped-eu-parliament-says-too-bad.shtml
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/03/26/european-parliament-limits-internet-freedom-in-controversial-copyright-vote/
https://juliareda.eu/2019/04/copyright-final-vote/

UK announces new internet regulation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK government has published its "online harms" white paper, which proposes to create a duty of care for websites that "allows users to share or discover user-generated content, or interact with each other online", Heather Stewart and Alex Hern report at the Guardian. The proposals would make sites liable for the content users post; the sites and their owners could be fined and senior managers held criminally liable. At the Washington Post, Tony Romm describes the plan as "aggressive", as it targets everything from child exploitation and false news to terrorist activity and extreme violence. At the Guardian,  Alex Hern suggests that the proposals risk creating a "North Korean-style censorship regime". At the Open Rights Group blog, Jim Killock and Amy Shepherd argue that the strategy should take a rights-based approach and that the current plan will introduce widespread prior restraint and may establish a dangerously restrictive new global norm. .
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/04/social-media-bosses-could-be-liable-for-harmful-content-leaked-uk-plan-reveals
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/04/07/uk-unveils-sweeping-plan-penalize-facebook-google-harmful-online-content/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/apr/08/online-laws-threaten-freedom-of-speech-of-millions-of-britons
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/the-dcms-online-harms-strategy-must-design-in-fundamental-rights


Elsevier's knowledge production dominance extends beyond journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Elsevier's five years of acquiring scholarly reference tools such as Mendeley, SSRN, Pure, and Bepress have made the company dominant in ways that reach far beyond its journals, Lindsay Ellis reports at the Chronicle of Higher Education. Institutions worry that these acquisitions are changing knowledge production and making it harder for professors and institutions to cut ties, SPARC's Heather Joseph tells Ellis. At the Guardian, Jason Schmitt argues that paywalls and contractual non-disclosure agreements are blocking collective discussion of price structures. He urges individual academics to take action, and examines several current plans for changing the status quo.
https://www.chronicle.com/article/Elsevier-s-Presence-on/246048/
https://www.theguardian.com/education/2019/mar/28/paywalls-block-scientific-progress-research-should-be-open-to-everyone

US: FEMA violates privacy of 2.5 million disaster survivors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) shared with a contractor sensitive information such as personal addresses and banking details pertaining to 2.5 million survivors of US disasters including the 2018 California wildfires and Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria, report Joel Achenbach, William Wan, and Tony Romm at the Washington Post. The Department of Homeland Security's Office of Inspector General says FEMA has since improved its practices. At Vice, Elizabeth Brico finds that the stakes of a data breach are higher for poor people, who lack the resources necessary for recovery.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/fema-data-breach-hits-25-million-disaster-survivors/2019/03/22/3e2c6232-4cec-11e9-93d0-64dbcf38ba41_story.html
https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/mbz493/privacy-is-becoming-a-luxury-what-data-leaks-are-like-for-the-poor

Denmark, Poland: Data protection regulators punish GDPR infringers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Danish (Datatilsynet) and Polish (UODO) data protection regulators have issued their first sanctions under the EU's General Data Protection Regulation, Alexander Schneider and Matthew Sullivan of Kelley Drye & Warren LLP report at JD Supra. Under Article 5, Datatilsynet has fined the taxi company Taxa 4x35 nearly $180,000 for retaining 9 million taxi ride records after they were no longer needed. The company had "anonymized" the data by removing the customer names, a practice Datatilsynet said was insufficient since it kept phone numbers and ride histories. Besides fining the Sweden-based digital marketing company Bisnode's Polish subsidiary €220,000, UODO is requiring it to contact the nearly 6 million people it failed to notify that it scrapes third-party data from public sources. Of those Bisnode did notify, 13% objected. At TechCrunch, Natasha Lomas says Bisnode will appeal and is deleting the data rather than shoulder the cost of notification, and adds that the costs of GDPR violations can reach far beyond fines.
https://www.jdsupra.com/legalnews/gdpr-recap-technical-violations-result-72895/
https://techcrunch.com/2019/03/30/covert-data-scraping-on-watch-as-eu-dpa-lays-down-radical-gdpr-red-line/

Colorado enacts network neutrality bill with penalties for violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Colorado governor Jared Polis is on the verge of signing into law a network neutrality bill that will penalize ISPs for prioritizing some types of internet traffic or selectively slowing speeds for users by requiring them to pay back their state grants to build broadband infrastructure, Tamara Chuang reports for the Colorado Sun. Polis says he sees the bill as "a cornerstone to democracy".
https://coloradosun.com/2019/04/05/colorados-own-net-neutrality-bill-gets-some-teeth/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Technology workers organize in Silicon Valley
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at New Statesman, Hettie O'Brien discovers that union activism is on the rise in libertarian Silicon Valley, where groups such as the Tech Workers Coalition, founded in 2014, are helping organize workers and train them to demand better working conditions. One result is increased employee rebellion against military contracts signed by companies like Microsoft and Google, as well as an industry-wide movement to oppose US president Donald Trump's "Muslim registry".
https://www.newstatesman.com/world/2019/03/how-silicon-valley-being-reshaped-trade-unions

Google opens, then closes, AI ethics board
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A week after announcing its formation, Google closed the ethics board intended to guide the responsible development of AI, Kelsey Piper reports at Vox. The board's members were to have included Joanna Bryson (University of Bath), Alessandro Acquisti (Carnegie-Mellon), Luciano Floridi (Oxford), drone company CEO Dyan Gibbens, and Heritage Foundation president Kay Coles James. The latter was particularly controversial, and her presence led Acquisti to resign and, Will Knight reports at MIT Technology Review, nearly 1,000 Google employees and academic researchers to petition for her removal. Piper believes it's important that Google tries again and gets it right.
https://www.vox.com/future-perfect/2019/4/4/18295933/google-cancels-ai-ethics-board
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613253/googles-ai-council-faces-blowback-over-a-conservative-member/

Funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from mySociety's annual TicTec conference, Lucia Abelenda Casalet (Fundación Avina, Mexico), Helen Turek (Open Government Partnership, Germany), and Breandán Knowlton (Government Digital Service, UK) discuss funding, scaling, and sustainable growth for civic technology. Casalet discusses gender inclusion in technology in Latin America; Turek gives examples of the civic tech projects she says are essential to create the government transparency the OGP seeks to promote; and Knowlton discusses how to work with risk-averse governments and presents the results of a crowdsourcing exercise that identified 15 challenges GDS should tackle.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8ogdLWRFCk

The loss of the early web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the BBC, Stephen Dowling discusses the loss of nearly all of the first five years of the web, much of it closed down by commercial imperatives. Even now that libraries are conscious of the need to preserve the digital world, much is being lost because of the sheer volume of new material posted every day.
http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20190401-why-theres-so-little-left-of-the-early-internet

Dispute over encryption masks debate over future of amateur radio
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Register, Thomas Claburn explores an ongoing fight over the future of amateur ("ham") radio. While the battle is ostensibly over whether to allow encrypted communications, the underlying issue is whether to allow the amateur radio spectrum to remain a hobbyist space or to develop it for commercial data traffic.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/04/05/amateur_radio_spectrum/

India: AI helps mitigate shortage of doctors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Factor Daily, Anand Murali Jayadevan PK discusses progress in India toward using AI to improve healthcare diagnostics and argues that the country's acute shortage of doctors cannot be solved without technology. Jayadevan goes on to survey India's dozen or more startups exploring various aspects of medical technology.
https://factordaily.com/ai-for-healthcare-in-india/

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://orgcon.openrightsgroup.org/2019/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 29, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Communia, EDRi, mySociety, Open Rights Group.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

European Parliament votes to adopt controversial copyright reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The European Parliament has voted 348-274 to adopt the Copyright Directive, including Article 11 ("link tax") and Article 13 ("upload filter"), James Temperton reports at Wired. MEP refused, by just five votes, to consider any amendments. Member states now have two years to pass national legislation putting the directive into effect. Seconds after the vote, MEP Julia Reda tweeted to call it a "dark day for internet freedom". Communia provides an analysis of the directive's intense journey through the European legislative process, and calls the result "a lost opportunity for Europe".
https://www.wired.co.uk/article/eu-article-13-vote-article-17
https://twitter.com/Senficon/status/1110509970213294081
https://www.communia-association.org/2019/03/26/new-copyright-directive-lost-opportunity-europe/


AI research mines training data without permission
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facial recognition training datasets are made up of whatever images researchers can grab from public websites without permission, Olivia Solon reports at NBC News, calling the situation AI's "dirty little secret". In January, IBM released a set of nearly 1 million images taken from the photo hosting site Flickr that it had coded to describe the subjects' appearance. For minorities, the practice raises surveillance concerns. At his blog, Andres Guadamuz responds with a discussion of the copyright status of AI training data, whether IBM's use of these photographs violated their Creative Commons licenses, and the need for a data-mining exception.
https://www.nbcnews.com/tech/internet/facial-recognition-s-dirty-little-secret-millions-online-photos-scraped-n981921
https://www.technollama.co.uk/using-creative-commons-images-to-train-artificial-intelligence

EU regulators fine Google €1.5 billion for antitrust violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On March 20, the EU's competition commissioner, Margrethe Vestager, fined Google €1.5 billion for engaging in "illegal practices" to "cement its dominant market position" in search and advertising, Tony Romm reports at the Washington Post. At issue is Google's relationships with third-party websites via its "AdSense for Search" program, which in 2016 required Google's ads to receive prominent placement and prohibited participating sites from using other ad services. Vestager indicated that Google faces further antitrust scrutiny. The new fine brings the total that has been levied against Google to more than $9 billion; several past fines are still under appeal.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/03/20/google-fined-nearly-billion-ad-practices-that-violated-european-antitrust-laws/

Africa risks spying to gain internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
African countries are willing to trade the risk of spying for Chinese investment providing them with internet access, Amy Mackinnon reports at Foreign Policy. Huawei has built about 70% of the continent's 4G networks, and Chinese banks provide loans that are approved faster and with fewer conditions than from their Western competitors. "Everybody spies on Africa," says one journalism professor in Nigeria. In a long posting, Bright Simons uses Uber as an example to discuss the reasons why "leapfrogging" is not working in frontier markets.
https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/03/19/for-africa-chinese-built-internet-is-better-than-no-internet-at-all/
https://www.cgdev.org/publication/why-leapfrogging-frontier-markets-isnt-working

Norwegian universities drop Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Norwegian research institutions have joined the lengthening list of organizations that have declined to renew their agreements with Elsevier, Catherine Offord reports at The Scientist. The Norwegian Directorate for ICT and Joint Services in Higher Education and Research (UNIT) said that although Elsevier offered to lower some of its costs for Norwegian institutions, who pay the company nearly €10 million a year, it refused to meet UNIT's requirements for open access. Researchers will still be able to publish in Elsevier journals, but will not have access to articles dated after 2018.
https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/norway-joins-list-of-countries-canceling-elsevier-contracts-65594

Russia tests out a disconnected, sovereign internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Between the end of March 2019 and mid-April, Russia is planning to test whether it can disconnect electronically from the rest of the world while keeping the internet running for its own citizens, Charlotte Jee reports at MIT Technology Review. Although the technical challenge is "fiendishly difficult" and may cost as much as $304 million, the test is key to a "sovereign internet" law the Russian parliament appears likely to pass.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613138/russia-wants-to-cut-itself-off-from-the-global-internet-heres-what-that-really-means/

EU: Government sites filled with adtech trackers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A scan of 184,683 EU government webpages carried out by EDRi and Cookiebot in mid-March found that the government websites of 25 of the 28 EU member countries - missing only Spain, Germany, and the Netherlands - host undisclosed commercial adtech trackers, many based on third-party scripts, Rebecca Hill reports at The Register. Overall, the practice enables 112 companies to collect data on EU citizens' browsing habits. Google was present on 82% of the sites and accounted for three of the top five trackers (YouTube, DoubleClick, and Google). In addition, 52% of public health sites host commercial trackers even though these sites do not rely on advertising revenue. Separately, Hill reports that the advocate general to the Court of Justice of the European Union has issued an opinion that requiring someone to untick a pre-checked box does not count as valid freely-given consent to the use of cookies.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/18/cookie_government_tracking_report/
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/03/22/eu_cookie_preticked_box_not_valid_consent/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Facebook's News Feed algorithm change one year on
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Nieman Lab, Laura Hazard Owen discusses the impact of Facebook's year-old change to its News Feed algorithm to prioritize personal postings and "meaningful interactions" rather than publisher content. Based on a new report from the social media tracking company NewsWhip, Owen finds that the result has been to push up articles on divisive topics and politics. Engagement is much higher but much angrier, and the most-shared story of 2019 to date warns that a sex offender may be lurking near Waco, Texas.
http://www.niemanlab.org/2019/03/one-year-in-facebooks-big-algorithm-change-has-spurred-an-angry-fox-news-dominated-and-very-engaged-news-feed/

Acceptable voting machines
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Andrew Appel specifies acceptable voting machines. Among his requirements: it must be possible to detect cheating, audit the results, and be robust enough to manage unexpectedly high turnouts. In a blog posting, the managers of the UK government's petitions site explain how they deal with similar issues of scaling and fraud when petitions, such as March 2019's "Revoke Article 50", attract a huge response as people from all over the UK try to sign it at once.
https://freedom-to-tinker.com/2019/03/14/voting-machines-i-recommend
https://technology.blog.gov.uk/2016/08/16/scaling-the-petitions-service-following-the-eu-referendum/

The new ecosystem of trust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper at Nesta, Geoff Mulgan and Vincent Straub discuss data governance for public benefit and survey the landscape of options that's opening up, from legislative moves such as the General Data Protection Regulation to technology solutions such as personal data stores and public data trusts. No one model will suit all situations; the authors attempt to provide a framework for designing a family of new institutions.
https://www.nesta.org.uk/blog/new-ecosystem-trust/

Identifying the impact of Brexit on data flows
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, technology policy specialist Monica Horten discusses what Brexit would mean for data flows and the regulatory burden businesses face. World Trade Organization rules can't help because they are more than 20 years old; in January 2019, 76 WTO members agreed to start talks on ecommerce, a process that will take years. At the Open Rights Group blog, Javier Ruiz outlines concerns about ongoing US-UK trade negotiations, in which the US wants unimpeded cross-border data flows, confidentiality for source code and algorithms, limited liability for online platforms, and no cross-border taxes on digital goods.
http://www.iptegrity.com/index.php/brexit/1100-data-and-brexit-a-mis-calculation
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/blog/2019/us-red-lines-for-digital-trade-with-the-uk-cause-alarm

UK's Furman report recommends improving competition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Computer Weekly, Angelica Mari summarizes the Furman report, which recommends changes to the UK's competition policy and suggests that a code of conduct should be introduced for large technology companies like Google, Facebook, and Amazon. The report also recommends giving the Competition and Markets Authority greater powers to block mergers and acquisitions and give people greater control over their own data. At TACD, Gene Kimmelman argues that antitrust action to break up the large technology companies, as some US politicians are demanding, is not enough to protect consumers on its own; also needed are additional accountability tools and enforcement practices.
https://www.computerweekly.com/news/252459377/Furman-Review-urges-greater-competition-for-tech-giants
http://tacd.org/to-make-the-tech-sector-competitive-antitrust-is-only-half-the-answer/

Omidyar Network changes focus to civic empowerment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Stacy Donohue presents the new strategy being adopted by funders at Omidyar Network spin-off Luminate, based on what they have learned over the last ten years by investing in civic technology organizations in 18 countries, including Code for America, mySociety, Nossas, and amandla.mobi. With trust in government in decline in many countries, technology itself is insufficient to effect sustained change. Without complementary real-world efforts, under-represented groups continue to be disempowered. And, because many governments are actively working to curtail civic space, civic technology is becoming increasingly politicized.
https://luminategroup.com/posts/blog/from-civic-tech-to-civic-empowerment-luminates-strategic-shift

***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 1, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Center for Democracy and Technology, EDRi, EFF, Open Rights Group, Panoptykon, Witness.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

UK: Parliamentary committee calls Facebook "digital gangsters"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The final report from the UK Department of Culture, Media, and Sport's 18-month investigation into disinformation and fake news finds that Facebook deliberately broke privacy and competition law and should be urgently regulated, reports David Law at the Guardian. The report accuses Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg of holding parliament in contempt by refusing three times to appear in person to testify, recommends electoral law reform, and calls for independent investigations into foreign influence, disinformation, voter manipulation, and data sharing in three British polls: the 2014 referendum on Scottish independence, the 2016 EU referendum, and the 2017 general election. The report also warns that Facebook is using its dominance to shut out competitors. Separately, Jim Waterson reports at the Guardian that the independent Cairncross Review concludes that the collapse of the British media threatens the long-term sustainability of democracy, and recommends a public investigation into the dominance of Facebook and Google in advertising as well as direct funding and tax relief for public interest news outlets.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/feb/18/facebook-fake-news-investigation-report-regulation-privacy-law-dcms
https://www.theguardian.com/media/2019/feb/11/public-funds-should-be-used-to-rescue-local-journalism-says-report

US pushes global passenger surveillance and profiling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The US is pushing the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to adopt a standard mandating government access to passenger name record data and the creation of airline passenger surveillance and profiling units in all ICAO member countries, Edward Hasbrouck reports at the Identity Project. Because many countries legally require airlines to comply with ICAO standards in the interests of aviation safety, the requirements would override national laws prohibiting governments from using commercial data about travelers for surveillance purposes.
https://papersplease.org/wp/2019/01/23/new-us-push-for-an-icao-air-travel-surveillance-mandate/#comments

Kenya rolls out National Integrated Identity Management system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Kenya has begun rolling out the National Integrated Identity Management system, which stores all types of biometrics as well as DNA samples and location information, and links that data to identity cards and use of health, education, and social services, Abdi Latif Dahir reports at Quartz. The project, costed at KES6 billion ($60 million) will give all citizens and foreign residents above six years of age a unique "service number", and is intended to introduce what president Uhuru Kenyatta has called a single "source of truth" on personal identity in Kenya. The Kenya Human Rights commission is suing to block the project's installation and implementation.
https://qz.com/africa/1555938/kenya-biometric-data-id-not-with-mastercard-but-faces-opposition
https://www.the-star.co.ke/news/2019/02/19/rights-group-seeks-to-block-access-to-private-information_c1896484

Data protection complaint focuses on real-time bidding
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi members Panoptykon (Poland) and Open Rights Group (UK) have joined Michael Veale of University College London and Johnny Ryan at the browser company Brave in filing a complaint with the Irish Data Protection Authority that the real-time bidding (RTB) standards defined by Google and the Internet Advertising Bureau violate the General Data Protection Regulation, Yannic Blaschke reports at EDRi. RTB systems broadcast highly sensitive personal data to thousands of companies in order to solicit bids on opportunities to show targeted ads. In his newly-published PhD thesis, Rob van Eijk concludes that RTB as presently conducted violates the requirements for consent as stipulated in the GDPR and ePrivacy Directive.
https://edri.org/google-and-iab-knowingly-enabling-intrusive-profiling/
https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3319284

NGOs ask EU to reconsider approach to taking down terrorist content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF has signed onto letters sent by the NGOs Witness and the Center for Democracy and Technology asking the European Commission to reconsider proposals that would require companies to take down "terrorist content" within one hour, Jillian C. York reports at EFF's blog. EFF calls the one-hour requirement "absurd", and argues that filters neither work nor reflect the reality of how violent groups recruit and share information, and that the proposals will require companies to make hasty, unaccountable, and automated decisions. EDRi reports that the European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights have published opinions that the proposals violate fundamental human rights and likely fail to comply with the GDPR. At the VOX-Pol project, Kyle Matthews and Nicolai Pogadl warn that the big technology companies have oversold their AI capabilities, and that regulating the companies themselves is essential to counteract the spread of social polarization and mistrust.
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/eus-proposal-curb-dissemination-terrorist-content-will-have-chilling-effect-speech
https://edri.org/fra-edps-terrorist-content-regulation-fundamental-rights-terreg/
https://www.voxpol.eu/big-tech-is-overselling-ai-as-the-solution-to-online-extremism/

India: Pre-election rise in fact checkers offers little transparency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As India prepares for May's general election, a growing landscape of fact-checking initiatives have been certified by the International Fact Checking Network, Cyril Sam reports at Splice. However, although the certification requirements stress non-partisanship and transparency surrounding sourcing, funding, and methodology, most fact-checking initiatives only partially disclose their funding sources, and politically partisan schemes are rising in response to those run by journalists.
https://www.thesplicenewsroom.com/fact-checking-india-election/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Mueller investigation studies Israel's Psy-Group pitches to 2016 Trump campaign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for The New Yorker, Adam Entous and Ronan Farrow examine the activities of Israeli private intelligence company Psy-Group, which recruits its staff from the ranks of Israel's secret services and specializes in using technological innovations to influence people's beliefs and behavior. Psy-Group's 2016 pitches to Trump campaign members now form part of the investigation being carried out by special prosecutor Robert Mueller.
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2019/02/18/private-mossad-for-hire

Increased funding risks destroying the open source community
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Motherboard, Daniel Oberhaus looks at progress in funding the open source projects on which the internet infrastructure depends. The influx of funding since the 2014 discovery of the Heartbleed vulnerability in OpenSSL risks destroying the open source community by altering motivations, fostering disagreements about distribution, and creating dependency on funding that may be withdrawn in future.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/43zak3/the-internet-was-built-on-the-free-labor-of-open-source-developers-is-that-sustainable

Trust and the public blockchain
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this review of Wharton School professor Kevin Werbach's new book, Blockchain and the New Architecture of Trust, Bruce Schneier discusses the feasibility of the idea that the public blockchain can provide a way of bypassing trust. In his book, Werbach outlines four trust architectures: peer-to-peer (morals and reputation systems), leviathan (institutions), intermediary (for example, credit cards), and distributed (blockchain). Blockchains cannot eliminate the need for trust, Schneier writes, and code cannot replace the social value of trust. At his blog, Ivan Ivanitskiy considers eight popular use cases for blockchain and explains why they don't work.
https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2019/02/blockchain_and_.html
https://blog.smartdec.net/you-do-not-need-blockchain-eight-popular-use-cases-and-why-they-do-not-work-f2ecc6cc2129

The invisible woman and the gender data gap
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Caroline Criado Perez summarizes her forthcoming book,  Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias in a World Designed for Men, the results of three years of research into the many ways design fails to take account of women's different size, strength, and shape. Thinking of taller-than-average men as the norm means more than inconvenience: women are under-represented in all areas of design and data collection, from studies of poverty to medical testing. In some cases, such as crash tests and police body armor, women's lives are placed at risk by their omission from design specifications.
https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/feb/23/truth-world-built-for-men-car-crashes

The problem with Silicon Valley's favorite business model
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz review of Blitzscaling, by LinkedIn Co-founder Reid Hoffman and entrepreneur Chris Yeh, Tim O'Reilly deplores Silicon Valley's favorite business model, in which companies' goal from the outset is to become monopolies. Cheap capital that subsidizes losses has led investors to pick winners rather than allow markets to develop organically. O'Reilly discusses the benefits and flaws of the approach, and its application in the Code for America project.
https://qz.com/1540608/the-problem-with-silicon-valleys-obsession-with-blitzscaling-growth/


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending March 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Open Markets Institute, Privacy International.


CALL FOR PROPOSALS
==============================
The newly-launched Indela Fund has issued its first of at least three calls for proposals in English, Spanish, or Portuguese for digital rights projects in Latin America. Projects will be funded for up to US$75,000 over or up to 18 months. The fund seeks to reduce the barriers to funding and broaden the pool of applicants. It offers to cover the costs of professional support to assist grantees. The submission deadline is March 31.
https://indela.fund/en/home-2/


NEWS
=====

University of California terminates Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The University of California, which produces almost 10% of US research output, has concluded months of negotiations with the academic publisher Elsevier by deciding not to renew its journal subscriptions, Benedicte Page reports at The Bookseller. UC said Elsevier was unwilling to meet the goal of securing universal open access to UC research while containing journal costs. UC's proposed terms would have integrated subscription charges and open access publishing fees. Elsevier said it hoped to reach agreement "soon".
https://www.thebookseller.com/news/university-california-boycotts-elsevier-965166

Facebook claims it will pivot to embrace privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Facebook will pivot to privacy by changing its focus to end-to-end encryption and auto-deletion of messages, CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced on the Facebook blog. At the Guardian, Julia Carrie Wong lists former FTC chief technologist Ashkan Soltani among the numerous skeptics that Facebook's version of "privacy" will include privacy from its own data collection. At the New York Times, Zeynep Tufecki calls the plan "shrewd competitive positioning, dressed up in privacy rhetoric" intended to help it side-step threatened government regulation. At the Guardian, Siva Vaidhyanathan suggests that Facebook is positioning itself to compete head-on with China's dominant WeChat. At the Observer, Carole Cadwalladr and Duncan Campbell analyze leaked court documents that expose global leaders' accommodating response to Facebook's lobbying to block data privacy legislation. In a video clip Zuckerberg discusses encryption, whether Facebook is an information fiduciary for its users, and targeted advertising with Jonathan Zittrain. Finally, at TheNextWeb, Arhimanyu Ghoshal advises users that the company makes phone numbers submitted for two-factor authentication publicly searchable with no way to opt out, and suggests alternatives.
https://www.facebook.com/notes/mark-zuckerberg/a-privacy-focused-vision-for-social-networking/10156700570096634/
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/07/opinion/zuckerberg-privacy-facebook.html
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/mar/07/facebook-privacy-domination
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/mar/02/facebook-global-lobbying-campaign-against-data-privacy-laws-investment
https://cyber.harvard.edu/story/2019-02/zittrain-and-zuckerberg-discuss-encryption-information-fiduciaries-and-targeted
https://thenextweb.com/facebook/2019/03/04/psa-dont-give-out-your-phone-number-for-facebook-2fa-use-an-app-instead/

Thailand's cybersecurity law poses threat to user privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Thailand has passed a cybersecurity law that will grant the government, which came to power via a 2014 military coup, broad access to internet user data, Skylar Lindsay reports at Asean Today. Critics complain that the law's definition of a "cyber threat" is vague and overbroad, and could be used to target the posters of a wide range of content even though the government claims it will not be used to regulate social media.
https://www.aseantoday.com/2019/03/thailands-new-cybersecurity-law-lets-authorities-violate-privacy/

UK, Canada: Predictive algorithms spread among police forces and local councils
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The UK human rights group Liberty finds that predictive policing is spreading to 14 police forces, Rebecca Hill writes at The Register. Liberty warns that the practice "lends unwarranted legitimacy to biased policing strategies" that disproportionately affect ethnic minorities and lower-income communities, and calls for forces to reevaluate their use of data for policing. Liberty also wants London's Metropolitan Police to conduct a full review of its Gangs Matrix database, which the Information Commissioner recently dubbed "unjustifiably excessive". Sky News adds that 53 local councils are using predictive algorithms to target their services. At Motherboard, Nathan Munn finds that police in at least two Canadian provinces - Ontario and Saskatchewan - are tracking "negative behavior" in a risk database; the age group most often added is children aged 12 to 17.
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/02/05/cops_told_to_scrap_algorithms_for_policing_work/
https://news.sky.com/story/predictive-algorithms-hidden-revolution-taking-place-in-uks-councils-and-police-forces-11650160
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/kzdp5v/police-in-canada-are-tracking-peoples-negative-behavior-in-a-risk-database

Vermont law exposes hidden ecology of data brokers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Under a groundbreaking new law in the US state of Vermont, 121 data brokers have registered with the Secretary of State, Steven Melendez and Alex Pasternack report at Fast Company. Firms that buy and sell third-party data - such as Axciom, Oracle, Equifax, and Spokeo - are required to register, but do not have to disclose what data they collect or who buys it, nor to provide subjects access or opt-out rights. First-party data holders such as Amazon, Facebook, and Google are not required to register.
https://www.fastcompany.com/90310803/here-are-the-data-brokers-quietly-buying-and-selling-your-personal-information

Chinese social credit system blocks travelers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In 2018 people were blocked 17.5 million times from purchasing airplane tickets and 5.5 million times from buying high-speed train tickets because of social credit offenses such as failure to pay taxes and fines, Joe McDonald reports for the Associated Press, based on a report from China's National Public Credit Information Center. In addition, individuals were blocked from accepting senior management jobs or acting as a company's legal representative 290,000 times. The report added that since the launch of these punishments 3.5 million people have "voluntarily" fulfilled legal obligations, including 37 people who paid $22 million in overdue fines or confiscations.
https://www.apnews.com/9d43f4b74260411797043ddd391c13d8


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Rethinking the meaning of privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Privacy International examines the reality of the right to privacy for women, trans, and gender-diverse people in a world where historically privacy has been appropriated by patriarchal rule and systems of oppression. Digital rights conferences tend to attract those who share a particular notion of privacy; however, issues of privacy and surveillance look very different to lower-income individuals. Automated forms of decision-making in particular demand strict and normative categories in which to place people. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman discusses Victoria Schwartz's work on reconceiving privacy for the "reasonable woman".
https://www.privacyinternational.org/report/2457/report-oppression-liberation-reclaiming-right-privacy
https://www.pelicancrossing.net/netwars/2015/06/the_reasonable_woman.html

Child "influencers" command substantial sums on social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Sapna Maheshwari investigates the world of child social media influencers. Advertisers like Walmart, Staples, and Mattel provide "kidfluencers" too young to have their own accounts on sites like YouTube and Instagram with endorsement deals. The two-year-old identical Fisher twins have more than 2 million Instagram followers and are paid $10,000 to $20,000 for each sponsored post. Rules that control children's TV advertising do not apply to the internet, and social media stars are not covered by laws passed to protect child actors. At Privacy News Online, Glyn Moody asks how much privacy children should have from their parents, considering examples such as GPS trackers, children-tracking apps, and headbands that read brain signals.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/01/business/media/social-media-influencers-kids.html
https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/blog/2019/01/how-much-privacy-should-children-have-from-their-own-parents/

Reassessing the "tragedy of the commons"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow discusses new thinking about Garrett Hardin's 1968 "Tragedy of the Commons" paper, whose argument that the commons led to overuse by selfish actors is widely taught and used to justify the privatization of public goods. Political scientist Matto Mildenberger explains that in reality the commons were stable and well-managed until (typically rich) outsiders destabilized them. Hardin, Mildenberger argues, was a racist and eugenicist, and his paper was a piece of intellectual fraud.
https://boingboing.net/2019/03/07/scientific-fraud.html

EU: Internet platforms fail to meet agreed voluntary code of conduct
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Ars Technica, Sean Gallegher summarizes the European Commission's six-month review of the voluntary code of conduct major internet platforms and advertising trade organizations signed in October 2018 to reduce the threat of political and other disinformation. With EU-wide parliamentary elections looming in May, the EC complains that Facebook offers insufficient transparency, Google's metrics are not specific or clear enough, and Twitter failed to provide a report. The Commission threatened to introduce regulation if its next review of the code, due in October, shows insufficient progress.
https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2019/02/eu-officials-say-facebook-twitter-google-failing-in-fake-news-battle/

Trump administration's actions belie its anti-tech company rhetoric
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this op-ed at the New York Times, the Open Markets Institute's Matthew Buck and Sandeep Vaheesan argue that although US president Donald Trump and newly-confirmed Attorney General William Barr criticize the size and power of the US's biggest technology corporations, the Department of Justice Antitrust Division head, Makan Delrahim, consistently promotes their interests. Other than the AT&T-Time Warner merger, Delrahim has consistently favored legal interpretations that enhance the power of the dominant companies and is effectively revising antitrust law by filing amicus briefs supporting monopolists in court cases and interfering with municipal efforts to curb companies like Uber and Lyft. Ignore tweets, watch actions, they conclude.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/06/opinion/trump-antitrust-laws.html

US cities struggle with 1980s software infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg Businessweek, Romy Varghese exposes the aging software estate that runs America's cities. Many systems - even in San Francisco - date to the 1980s, frustrating both staff and citizens, but upgrade costs are out of reach for many jurisdictions. The move to the cloud makes it even harder to fund upgrades, because services must be paid out of operating funds where physical equipment could be funded by issuing municipal bonds.
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-02-28/america-s-cities-are-running-on-software-from-the-80s


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Data Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
March 27, 2019
Washington, DC, US
This full-day event, convened by Access Now, will examine the contours of the data ecosystem in the United States and the need for a legislative response by bringing together privacy experts across different fields for an interactive dialogue to map the current data privacy debate, identify where consensus exists, and clarify existing questions where needed. The ultimate goal is to develop a comprehensive, rights-respecting data protection framework in the United States.
https://www.accessnow.org/data-privacy-summit/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.
http://www.tilburguniversity.edu/research/institutes-and-research-groups/tilt/events/tilting-perspectives/

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

19th TACD Public Forum
----------------------------------------
June 4, 2019
Washington, DC, US
The theme of Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue's 19th public forum will be consumer protection in the public sphere.
http://tacd.org/events/19th-tacd-public-forum/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this year's shortly-to-be-announced ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.
https://www.openrightsgroup.org/events/

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/

CPDP 2020
----------------------------------------
January 22-24, 2020
Brussels, Belgium
The 2020 edition of Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection has issued a call for panels in all areas related to technological privacy and data protection.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

FAT* 2020
----------------------------------------
January 27-30, 2020
Barcelona, Spain
ACM FAT* is an annual conference dedicating to bringing together a diverse community to investigate and tackle issues in this emerging area. Topics of interest include the theory and practice of fair machine learning, measurement and auditing of deployed systems, users' experience of algorithms, and the ethical, moral, social, and policy implications of big data and ubiquitous intelligent systems.
https://fatconference.org/

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending February 15, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: DataKind UK, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, EFF, The Engine Room, Epicenter.works, HRDAG, PIJIP, Privacy International, R3D, Wikimedia.


PLEASE TAKE PART IN OUR SURVEY
==============================
The Information Program and Data Protection Support & Management are jointly conducting a survey of NGOs and their funders in order to understand the impact of the GDPR on civil society as the law approaches its first anniversary. The survey data will be used in a report to be published in May. The survey is open to all civil society organizations and their funders, and OSF and DPSM encourages them to share it widely across their own networks.
https://dpsm.formstack.com/forms/gdpr_survey


NEWS
=====

German regulator prohibits Facebook from merging data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The German antitrust regulator, Budeskartellamt, has concluded a three-year investigation by requiring Facebook to cease forcing users to agree to the company's practice of pooling their data with data from third-party apps, including its subsidiaries WhatsApp and Instagram, Douglas Busvine reports for Reuters. Facebook will appeal the decision. At Politico, Laura Kayali studies internal European Commission emails and written accounts of private meetings from 2015 to 2018 to expose Facebook's strategy for opposing any form of EU regulation of its businesses.
https://in.mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idINKCN1PW0SW
https://www.politico.eu/article/inside-story-facebook-fight-against-european-regulation/

EU nears final agreement on copyright reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Council of Europe has adopted a common position on the reformed EU Copyright Directive that includes more extreme versions of the controversial Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter"), the MEP Julia Reda reports. France and Germany have reached a compromise over the opposition of Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, Sweden, Finland, Luxembourg, Malta, and Slovakia in which sites are only exempt if they are less than three years old, have an annual turnover of under Ä10 million, and have fewer than 5 million unique visitors per month. At press time, the trilogue stage was awaiting completion. EDRi reports that the final plenary vote in Parliament will take place in March or April, before the May elections. At Wikimedia, Dimitar Dimitrov and Allison Davenport explain why Wikimedia opposes the proposed reforms. At EFF, Cory Doctorow finds that everyone hates the new compromise.
https://juliareda.eu/2019/02/council-worst-article-13/
https://edri.org/copyright-franco-german-tandem-strikes-dangerous-deal-on-article-13/
https://wikimediafoundation.org/2019/02/07/problems-remain-with-the-eus-copyright-reform/
https://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2019/02/german-french-deal-rescue-eu-copyright-directive-everyone-hates-it-everyone

Apple blocks Google and Facebook internal apps for policy violations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Apple temporarily blocked Google and Facebook from distributing internal iOS apps because they violated Apple's distribution policy, Tom Warren reports at The Verge. As part of its enterprise program, Apple allows companies to develop apps for internal use, but bars them from distributing those apps to consumers. At Recode, Kurt Wagner explains that Facebook abused the program to publish a "research" app that paid users as young as 13 to track their app history, private messages, and location data.
https://www.theverge.com/2019/1/31/18205795/apple-google-blocked-internal-ios-apps-developer-certificate
https://www.recode.net/2019/1/30/18203231/apple-banning-facebook-research-app

Bell Canada sought to ban VPNs in NAFTA negotiations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As part of the negotiations to reform the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), Bell Canada urged the government to ban VPNs "used for the purpose of circumventing copyright", Michael Geist reports at his blog. In its submission to the negotiations, uncovered by The Wire Report, Bell also advocated adopting methods "such as the site-blocking regimes required in Europe".
http://www.michaelgeist.ca/2019/01/bell-urged-canadian-government-to-ban-some-vpn-services-in-nafta-submission/

UK: Leeds tribunal rules Hermes couriers are employees
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a case expected to have widespread consequences for "gig economy" workers and supported by Britain's general trade union, GMB, an employment tribunal in Leeds has ruled that a group of 65 Hermes couriers are entitled to be treated as employees instead of independent contractors, Haroon Siddique reports at the Guardian. The ruling will entitle all 14,500 Hermes couriers in the UK to receive minimum wage and holiday pay, and to reclaim deductions taken from their wages on the basis that they were self-employed.
https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/jun/25/hermes-couriers-are-workers-not-self-employed-tribunal-rules

World Trade Organization launches ecommerce talks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ministers from 76 countries including the US, China, the EU, and Japan, have launched talks to negotiate a framework for ecommerce, valued in 2016 at $27.7 trillion globally, Reuters reports. In response, Trans Atlantic Consumer Dialogue (TACD) has published a resolution urging negotiators  not to interfere with digital rights. Among TACD's recommendations: ensure meaningful transparency and proactive engagement with all stakeholders, including citizens; focus on protections and rights for consumers; and do not use trade deals to tackle problems they're not suited for, such as cybersecurity, Internet of Things, AI, network neutrality, or data protection.
http://www.asianage.com/technology/in-other-news/270119/76-wto-members-pushing-for-new-e-commerce-rules.html
http://tacd.org/tacd-urges-wto-negotiators-not-to-interfere-with-digital-rights/


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Singapore and South Africa enhance creators' rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Infojustice, Sean Flynn, the associate director of the Program on Information Justice and Intellectual Property (PIJIP), outlines the state of copyright law in Singapore, which recently released a report on copyright reform, and South Africa, where the first and most important house of the legislature has recently passed a copyright reform bill. Singapore proposes to eliminate one of the five factors for its fair use test and copy South Africa in focusing on the rights of individual creators. South Africa's bill answers creators' demands for exceptions to enable the right to create, shift the default ownership of new copyrights to the author rather than the commissioner, and provide protection against abuse and exploitation by collective management organizations.
http://infojustice.org/archives/40806

Human rights groups call on United Nations to sever Palantir partnership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter, human and digital rights organizations including EDRi, Derechos Digitales, DataKind UK, The Engine Room, R3D, Privacy International, and the Human Rights Data Analysis Group (HRDAG), ask the United Nations World Food Program to reconsider its decision to partner with Palantir. At issue are Palantir's data practices, pricing model, and opacity, as well as the lack of transparency and accountability surrounding the procurement decision. At IRIN, Ben Parker explains what is known about the $45 million partnership.
https://responsibledata.io/2019/02/08/open-letter-to-wfp-re-palantir-agreement/
https://www.irinnews.org/news/2019/02/05/un-palantir-deal-data-mining-protection-concerns-wfp

US: Michael Bloomberg builds anti-Trump data operation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Atlantic, Edward-Isaac Dovere outlines the data-centric political operation to take down Donald Trump in the 2020 US presidential election that Michael Bloomberg is spending hundreds of millions of dollars to create. Bloomberg has yet to decide whether to run, but his "all the data" "tech stack" could nonetheless become the biggest and most powerful political organization in the US.
https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2019/01/bloomberg-building-data-organization-crush-trump/581710/

The age of surveillance capitalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from the 2019 Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, Harvard Business School professor Shoshana Zuboff discusses her new book, The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, with Giovanni Buttarelli, Gary Davis, Andrea Renda, Paul Nemitz, and Julie E. Cohen. At The Baffler, Evgeny Morozov provides a long critique of Zuboff's book. Other significant session videos posted by CPDP present panels on the US CLOUD Act and electronic evidence, regulating AI, and blockchain and the General Data Protection Regulation.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wKnkSm6EF1Y
https://thebaffler.com/latest/capitalisms-new-clothes-morozov
https://www.youtube.com/user/CPDPConferences/videos

China emphasizes AI for military and economic leadership
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Center for a New American Security, Gregory C. Allen explores China's AI strategy and its implications for national security. Among his key points: China's leaders believe that leadership in AI is crucial for military and economic power, and is intent on reducing its dependence on foreign technology. The country also favors the development of new norms and sees increased military use as inevitable.
https://www.cnas.org/publications/reports/understanding-chinas-ai-strategy

Zero-rating Facebook raises wireless data prices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow summarizes a study of 30 European countries, conducted by Epicenter.works, that finds that countries that allow Facebook to operate its "zero rating" program end up paying more for wireless data. The scheme encourages wireless carriers to collude with Facebook to raise prices on non-zero-rated services such as the open web, giving Facebook and other big incumbents control of an increasingly non-competitive market.
https://boingboing.net/2019/02/08/zuckergarchs.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFFís well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
----------------------------------------
April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a ìjust and equal information societyî for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
----------------------------------------
April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
----------------------------------------
April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
----------------------------------------
May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
----------------------------------------
May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

TILTing Perspectives 2019
----------------------------------------
May 15-17, 2019
Tilburg, Netherlands
TILTing Perspectives 2019, "Regulating a world in transition", brings together for the sixth time researchers, practitioners, policy makers, and civil society at the intersection of law and regulation, technology, and society to share insights, exchange ideas and formulate, discuss and suggest answers to contemporary challenges related to technological innovation. The conference will include plenary sessions, parallel sessions, and panel discussions with invited speakers, as well as presentations from respondents to a call for papers.

Stockholm Internet Forum
----------------------------------------
May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of ìshrinking spaceî varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
----------------------------------------
May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
----------------------------------------
May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
----------------------------------------
May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
----------------------------------------
June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
----------------------------------------
June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
----------------------------------------
June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
----------------------------------------
June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

ORGCon
----------------------------------------
July 13, 2019
London, UK
Themes for this years ORGCon are digital privacy; free speech, censorship, and the role of algorithms; mass government surveillance; and data and democracy.


Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
----------------------------------------
November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
----------------------------------------
November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending January 25, 2019

====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published on the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF.  Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, La Quadrature du Net, NOYB, Privacy International.

NEWS
=====

French data protection regulator fines Google €50 million
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In response to a complaint lodged by La Quadrature du Net and NOYB, the French data protection regulator, CNIL, has fined Google €50 million, the BBC reports. CNIL ruled that Google has not obtained clear consent and makes it hard for users to fully understand how the company processes their data. Meanwhile, NOYB has announced that it has filed ten strategic complaints with the Austrian data protection authority against Amazon, Apple, the German video streaming service DAZN, the video on demand service Flimmit, Netflix, SoundCloud, Spotify, and Google subsidiary YouTube over their non-compliance with the GDPR's subject access rights requirements.
https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-46944696
https://noyb.eu/access_streaming/

EU: Copyright reform stalls at near-final stage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The planned January 21 meeting to conclude trilogue-stage negotiations over reforming the EU's 2001 Copyright Directive has been canceled, Cory Doctorow reports at BoingBoing. A pause of more than a few days will delay the legislation - including the widely-opposed Articles 11 ("link tax") and 13 ("upload filter") - until after the May 2019 Parliamentary elections. At her website, MEP Julia Reda tracks the state of play. The CREATe copyright research project has a detailed timeline of the legislation.
https://boingboing.net/2019/01/19/axel-voss-hostage-freed.html/amp
https://juliareda.eu/eu-copyright-reform/
https://www.create.ac.uk/policy-responses/eu-copyright-reform/#timeline

Venezuela: Government seeks sovereignty over cyberspace
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Leaks indicate that the Venezuelan government is about to introduce the Constitutional Law of Cyberspace of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela to the Constituent National Assembly (ANC), a legislative body organized by the Maduro government, and whose legitimacy is disputed, Access Now reports. The proposed bill would declare sovereignty over all use of cyberspace and require messaging services to censor content and legitimize tools, policies, rules, and preventive actions to "counteract hate" on the internet, while establishing discretionary control over "critical infrastructure".
https://www.accessnow.org/a-bill-in-venezuela-seeks-to-give-the-government-absolute-control-over-the-internet/

Amazon uses customer data to build advertising business
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Based on its database of customer transactions, Amazon is building an advertising business that is already worth $125 billion and is gaining ground on Facebook and Google, Karen Weise reports at the New York Times. Like other ad networks, Amazon tracks users across the web, serving ads on behalf of its ad-buying customers, but unlike others it knows exactly what its retail customers buy, where they live, and what credit cards they use.
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/20/technology/amazon-ads-advertising.html

Zimbabwe: High Court orders restoration of internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Zimbabwe's High Court has ordered the government to restore unrestricted internet access in the country on the basis that only President Emmerson Mnangagwa has the authority to issue such a directive, not the security minister who ordered the closure, the Associated Press reports. The government ordered the shutdown last week during protests in the capital, Harare, against fuel price hikes; it restored partial access over the weekend, but social media sites such as WhatsApp, Facebook, and Twitter remained blocked.
https://www.actionnewsjax.com/news/world/the-latest-zimbabwe-court-rules-internet-shutdown-illegal/907708994

European Court of Justice rules right to be forgotten applies only in EU
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The advocate general of the European Court of Justice has issued a preliminary opinion that Europe's "right to be forgotten", which requires search engines to remove links to information about people under certain circumstances, should only be enforceable within the EU, Owen Bowcott reports for the Guardian. The ruling relates to a case in which the French data protection regulator, CNIL, fined Google €100,000 for failing to remove an individual's name from search results on all its domains worldwide. At the Guardian, Daniel Boffey reports that a Dutch surgeon has won a legal action to de-link a website containing an unofficial doctors' blacklist that her name appeared on after a disciplinary action against her, setting an important precedent.
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/10/right-to-be-forgotten-by-google-should-apply-only-in-eu-says-court
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/dutch-surgeon-wins-landmark-right-to-be-forgotten-case-google


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================

Risks of metadata in the humanitarian sector
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report commissioned by the International Committee of the Red Cross, Privacy International aims to help people working in the humanitarian sector understand the risks raised by the metadata generated by smartphones, smartcards, mobile cash, messaging apps, and social media, as well as by their own fraud-monitoring systems.
https://privacyinternational.org/report/2509/humanitarian-metadata-problem-doing-no-harm-digital-era

Crimea: Russian annexation reroutes Internet infrastructure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip of her talk from the Chaos Computer Club's 35th Congress (35C3) held in December 2018, Xenia recounts her work at Citizen Lab studying the "soft substitutions" made to internet infrastructure in Crimea after its annexation by Russia in 2014. Over the course of a year, Crimea's Ukrainian ISPs were forced to become Russian businesses, and Crimea's routing was transitioned to new cabling and a more centralized infrastructure and monopolistic market, changing the quality, speed, price, and censorship applied to the service received by Crimean end users. Xenia also considers the role played by server-side geoblocking by online payment platforms, Google Play, Apple, and others. In other 35C3 talks, Frederike Kaltheuner and Christopher Weatherhead explain how Facebook tracks Android users whether or not they have Facebook accounts, and Antonia Hmaidi provides a technically-grounded discussion of the Chinese social credit system, which currently has more than 70 pilots, and its potential impact on society and the economy.
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9864-a_routing_interregnum_internet_infrastructure_transition_in_crimea_after_russian_annexation
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9941-how_facebook_tracks_you_on_android
https://media.ccc.de/v/35c3-9904-the_social_credit_system

Anti-misinformation actions around the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page at the Poynter Institute, Daniel Funke provides weekly updates on the state of actions - both legal and otherwise - against misinformation around the world. The most recent updates include new entries for Cameroon, where the law against reporting news without being able to prove it's true has seen journalists imprisoned; Kazakhstan, where two criminal investigations are in progress; Rwanda, where a blogger has been arrested for questioning the state's narrative on the 1994 genocide; and Sri Lanka, where mobile phone networks and social media platforms have been shut down to slow the spread of violence-provoking misinformation.  The list does not include corporate actions; at the Guardian, Alex Hern reports that WhatsApp is expanding its block on forwarding messages to more than five individuals or groups from India, intended to fight the spread of misinformation, to the rest of the world.
https://www.poynter.org/fact-checking/2019/a-guide-to-anti-misinformation-actions-around-the-world
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jan/21/whatsapp-limits-message-forwarding-fight-fake-news

Bahrain, Egypt, Vietnam: Cybercrime laws provide excuse for online rights violation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Open Global Rights, Wafa Ben-Hassine and Dima Samaro look at the oppressive laws in Bahrain and Egypt that are translating offline restrictions on freedom of expression and street protests into online measures, often via laws purporting to stop cybercrime. Article 7 of Egypt's 2018 Cybercrime Law legalizes blocking websites, and it and similar laws facilitate and legalize mass surveillance by both domestic and foreign governments. Reuters reports that the Vietnamese government has accused Facebook of operating illegally under the country's new cybersecurity law, which came into force on January 1, 2019.
https://www.openglobalrights.org/restricting-cybersecurity-violating-human-rights/?lang=English
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-vietnam-facebook/vietnam-says-facebook-violated-controversial-cybersecurity-law-idUSKCN1P30AJ

France: Facebook fuels "gilet jaunes" protests
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Monday Note, Frederic Filloux discusses Facebook's contribution to the French "gilets jaunes" protests. In numerous street interviews, Filloux found that nearly everyone he spoke to said they relied on Facebook for real-time updates on the protests. Filloux concludes that banning Facebook now would only make things worse.
https://mondaynote.com/how-facebook-is-fueling-the-french-populist-rage-27a86acb9d85

China turns domestic censorship onto the rest of the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Technology Review, James Griffiths cites work at Citizen Lab in outlining the methods China is using to turn its internal censorship onto the rest of the world. Among them are DDoS attacks, phishing attacks, and malware deployed for purposes of both spying and sabotage turned against targets such as Github, the Marriott hotel chain, and the Tibetan exile community, as well as attacks on services used to avoid sending attachments, such as Google Drive. The Guardian has a comparison of life online under censorship in China, India, Cuba, and Russia. At the New York Times, Paul Mozur reports that China is cracking down on social media use even though WhatsApp, Google, Facebook, and Twitter are all blocked in the country.
https://www.technologyreview.com/s/612638/when-chinese-hackers-declared-war-on-the-rest-of-us/
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/ng-interactive/2019/jan/11/the-internet-but-not-as-we-know-it-life-online-in-china-russia-cuba-and-india
https://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/10/business/china-twitter-censorship-online.html


***

DIARY
==============
If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Future of Health Privacy Summit 2019
----------------------------------------
January 28-29, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The 8th International Summit on the Future of Health Privacy will feature keynote speakers Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin, President of the French data protection regulator, CNIL, and the former chair of the EU Article 29 Working Party during the time when it was responsible for developing the General Data Protection Regulation, and Don Rucker, the US National Coordinator for Health Information Technology. This year's summit will focus on the impact that GDPR and the Cambridge Analytica scandal will have on health care and technology around the world.
https://patientprivacyrights.org/2019hps/

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection 2019
----------------------------------------
January 30 - February 1, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
One of the world's leading privacy conferences, CPDP is a multi-disciplinary event that offers the cutting edge in legal, regulatory, academic, and technological development in privacy and data protection. Within an atmosphere of independence and mutual respect, CPDP gathers academics, lawyers, practitioners, policy-makers, industry and civil society from all over the world in Brussels, offering them an arena to exchange ideas and discuss the latest emerging issues and trends.
https://www.cpdpconferences.org/call-for-panels

Responsible Tech 2019
----------------------------------------
January 31, 2019
London, UK
Doteveryone and other world-leading experts, practitioners, policymakers, funders and tech leaders will convene to consider how to respond to the "techlash" of 2018, and make 2019 the year the industry comes together to build a more positive future where responsible technology is the new normal.
https://doteveryone.org.uk/responsible-tech-2019/

FAT* 2019
----------------------------------------
January 29-31, 2019
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
The second annual ACM FAT* Conference 2019 brings together researchers and practitioners interested in fairness, accountability, and transparency in socio-technical systems. ACM FAT* 2019 builds on the success of the inaugural 2018 conference, which was held in New York. The 2019 conference will be held in Atlanta, Georgia.
https://fatconference.org/2019/index.html

Oslo Freedom Forum in Mexico
----------------------------------------
February 26, 2019
Mexico City, Mexico
The Oslo Freedom Forum (OFF) is a thriving global community of people united by the common vision of making the world a more peaceful, prosperous, and free place. OFF brings together leaders in advocacy, business, technology, policy, philanthropy, media, academia, and arts to share their stories and brainstorm ways to expand freedom and unleash human potential across the globe. OFF has evolved from an annual flagship event in Oslo to include satellite events around the world including New York, Johannesburg, Taiwan, and now, Mexico.
https://oslofreedomforum.com/events/2019-oslo-freedom-forum-in-mexico-city

T3chFest
----------------------------------------
March 14-15, 2019
Madrid, Spain
The T3chFest of Computers and New Technologies brings together a variety of students, researchers, start-ups, companies and specialists in new technologies that are or are intended to be an element in our daily lives.
https://t3chfest.uc3m.es/2019/

AI: Innovation and Governance Summit
----------------------------------------
March 18-19, 2019
Brussels, Belgium
The POLITICO AI Summit will gather global leaders to discuss issues at the intersection of innovation and governance and provide a launching point for solutions-driven conversations among policymakers, scientists, innovators, industry representatives, entrepreneurs, and academics. Issues to be considered will include: Europe's impact on the AI world order; the impact of machine learning on work in Europe and policymakers' response; education for success in the evolving jobs market; and ethics and regulations, and their enforcement.
https://diievents.dii.eu/ai-summit/

TicTec 2019
----------------------------------------
March 19-20, 2019
Paris, France
TiCTeC 2019 will bring together individuals from academic and applied backgrounds as well as businesses, public authorities, NGOs, funders and education institutions to discuss ideas, present research and build a network of individuals interested in the civic technology landscape.
https://www.mysociety.org/2018/09/03/join-us-in-paris-for-tictec-2019/

Internet Freedom Festival 2019
----------------------------------------
April 1-5, 2019
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival is one of the largest, most diverse, and most inclusive unconferences in the world. Every year, 1000+ activists, journalists, technologists and human rights defenders from over 100 countries gather for a week of sharing and learning. Made by the community for the community, the IFF is known for creating a positive and inclusive environment for hands-on, multidisciplinary collaboration. As an example of this, women make up 50% of participants and presenters, while every year some of the most affected communities get assistance to participate through IFF's well-known Diversity and Inclusion Fund.
https://internetfreedomfestival.org/

International Privacy+Security Forum
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April 3-5, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized bylaw professors Daniel Solove and Paul Schwartz, the International Privacy+Security Forum brings together global leaders in privacy and security. The 2019 conference offers an opportunity to learn in detail about Europe's General Data Protection Regulation, and privacy and security in Latin America, Asia, and elsewhere.
https://privacyandsecurityforum.com/

WSIS
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April 8-12, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The tenth World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Forum represents the world's largest annual gathering of the ICT for development community. WSIS provides an opportunity to exchange information, create knowledge, and share best practices while identifying emerging trends and fostering partnerships and taking into account the evolving Information and Knowledge Societies. By following up on the outcomes of the UN General Assembly Overall Review of the Implementation of WSIS Outcomes (Res. A/70/125) and the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Res. A/70/1), the WSIS Forum is constantly evolving and strengthening the alignment between the WSIS Action Lines and the United Nations' sustainable development goals. WSIS Forum continues to provide a platform for a "just and equal information society" for all WSIS stakeholders as set by the Geneva Plan of Action.
https://www.itu.int/net4/wsis/forum/2019/

We Robot 2019
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April 11-13, 2019
Miami, Florida, US
We Robot is an interdisciplinary conference on the legal and policy questions relating to robots. The increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment everywhere - from the home, to hospitals, to public spaces, and even to the battlefield - disrupts existing legal regimes and requires new thinking on policy issues. The conference fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots will operate.
http://robots.law.miami.edu/2019/

Theorizing the Web
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April 12-13
New York, NY, USA
Theorizing the Web is an inter- and non-disciplinary annual conference that brings together scholars, journalists, artists, activists, and technology practitioners to think conceptually and critically about the interrelationships between the web and society. We deeply value public engagement, and consider insights from academics, non-academics, and non-"tech theorists" alike to be equally valuable.
https://theorizingtheweb.org/

Global Privacy Summit 2019
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May 2-3, 2019
Washington, DC
The annual conference of the International Association of Privacy Professionals. Intended for anyone who works in privacy anywhere across the globe, whether they work in the public or private sector.
https://iapp.org/conference/speak-at-an-iapp-conference/proposals/

re:publica 2019
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May 6-8, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The re:publica in Berlin is Europe's biggest conference on topics concerning digitization and society while also being one of the world's most exceptional festivals on digital culture. Since its beginnings in 2007 with 700 bloggers in attendance, it has grown into an international society conference. In 2017 it had 9,000 national and international participants from all areas of society.
https://re-publica.com/en

Creative Commons Summit
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May 9-11, 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The five tracks at the 2019 Creative Commons Summit will include Creators; Building the Commons; Ethics of Openness; Open Education, Open Science, and Open Access; Galleries; and Legal, Policy, and Copyright Reform.
https://summit.creativecommons.org/

Stockholm Internet Forum
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May 16-17. 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm Internet Forum (SIF) is a platform for advancing a free, open, and secure internet as a driver of development. The SIF 2019 theme is the shrinking online democratic space. Both online and offline, repressive measures against civil society have grown both in geographic spread and in the diversity of measures that are applied. Despite many worldwide similarities, the expression of threats to democracy and the phenomenon of "shrinking space" varies depending on the regional and national context, the level, and the target actors. Shrinking online space often has negative consequences for not only political rights, but also social and economic rights and development. SIF 2019 will offer an opportunity to explore the shrinking democratic space, share experiences, and identify effective responses.
http://www.stockholminternetforum.se/

Privacy Law Scholars 2019
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May 23-24, 2019
Berkeley, California, USA
Organized jointly by BCLT and the George Washington University Law School, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss current issues and foster greater connections between academia and practice.
https://www.law.berkeley.edu/research/bclt/bcltevents/2019annual-privacy-law-scholars-conference/

International Communication Association Conference
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May 23-27, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
The International Communication Association Conference Washington, organized by the International Communication Association (ICA) will take place from 23rd May to the 27th May 2019 in Washington, USA. The conference will cover areas like Digital media and social change, information media and digital journalism, and entertainment media and culture..
https://10times.com/icawashington

GigaNet ICA Pre-conference
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May 24, 2019
Washington, DC, USA
Organized by the Internet Governance Lab at the American University and the Global Internet Governance Academic Network (GigaNet) and co-sponsored by the ICA Communication Law and Policy and Communication and Technology divisions, this pre-conference aims to bring together ICA participants interested in questions of governance, GigaNet members from other disciplines, and the Washington, DC community of practitioners and policymakers. The goal is to provide a mutual learning process and exchange of ideas and challenges for the further development of internet governance research.
https://www.giga-net.org/call-for-papers-ica-pre-conference-washington-dc-usa/

AI for Good Global Summit
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May 28-31, 2019
Geneva, Switzerland
The AI for Good Global Summit is the leading United Nations platform for global and inclusive dialogue on artificial intelligence. The summit is hosted each year in Geneva by the International Telecommunications Union in partnership with UN sister agencies, the XPRIZE Foundation, and ACM.
https://aiforgood.itu.int/

WEIS 2019
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June 3-4, 2019
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security is is the leading annual forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
https://weis2019.econinfosec.org/

Data for Policy
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June 11-12, 2019
London, UK
The fourth international Data for Policy conference has "Digital Trust and Personal Data" as its main theme. The conference will also welcome contributions in the broader data science for government and policy discussions. In particular, the organizers encourage submissions around the value and harm of using data in the public sector, deployment experience in government, "digital ethics" and "ethics engineering" concepts, personal data sharing frameworks and technologies, transparency in machine learning processes, analytics at source, and secure data transaction methodologies.
http://dataforpolicy.org/

RightsCon 2019
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June 11-14, 2019
Tunis, Tunisia
RightsCon Tunis will continue to be a space for civil society, technologists, businesses, startups, public servants, and lawyers to connect, collaborate, build strategies, draft declarations, and move forward real-world change. Whether in provocative plenaries, intimate roundtables, informal meetings, or the lively Community Village, RightsCon Tunis will help shape the future of human rights in the digital age.
https://www.rightscon.org/about/

The Web That Was
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June 19-21, 2019
Amsterdam, Netherlands
As the first generation of web users ages, the early web has become simply another object of nostalgia. The third biennial Research Infrastructure for the Study of Archived Web Materials (RESAW) conference will rethink our relationship to the web's past and the past web, and consider how to reconstruct and re-evaluate its history. The conference will host a lecture-performance by Geert Lovink and guests on the history and preservation of Amsterdam's early internet culture.
https://thewebthatwas.net

LIBER 2019
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June 26-28, 2019
Dublin, Ireland
The LIBER Conference 2019 will be held in collaboration with CONUL, the Consortium of National and University Libraries for the island of Ireland. The conference brings library directors and their staff together for three days of networking and collaboration. The goal of the conference is to identify the most pressing needs for research libraries, and to share information and ideas for addressing those needs.
https://liberconference.eu/dublin2019/

Wikimania
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August 14-18, 2019
Stockholm, Sweden
Wikimania 2019 will be the 15th Wikimania conference, an annual event for the international Wikimedia community.
https://wikimania.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

85th World Library and Information Congress
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August 24-30, 2019
Athens, Greece
The theme of IFLA's 2019 conference, "Libraries: dialogue for change", invites the library and information science international community to discuss, re-examine, re-think and re-interpret the role of libraries as promoters of change. In an era of rapid changes in the socio-economic-technological sphere, libraries ought to define their role as information providers, promoters of reading, settlers for the community they serve, key players in innovation, and leading actors for changes in society. A constant, open dialectic relationship between libraries and society will lead to well-informed citizens facilitating progress and development, implementing the UN Agenda for Sustainable Development and leading to prosperity in all fields of the democratic society.
https://2019.ifla.org/#news

Web Summit
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November 4-7. 2019
Lisbon, Portugal
The Web Summit gathers the founders and CEOs of technology companies, fast-growing startups, policymakers, and heads of state to ask a simple question: where to next? In 2018, speakers included Margrethe Vestager, Tim Berners-Lee, and Microsoft CEO Brad Smith.
https://websummit.com/

IGF Global
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November 25-29, 2019
Berlin, Germany
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) was set up in 2006 as an open discussion platform of the United Nations for key legal, political, social and technical issues relating to the internet. IGF's multi-stakeholder model aims to ensure that all relevant societal groups are equally involved in preparations and implementation: governments, civil society, business, academia, international organizations, and the technical community. This is particularly of note in terms of representatives from developing and newly industrializing countries, which otherwise tend to be under-represented.
https://www.igf2019.berlin/


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