Results tagged “OSFISD digest” from The Other Glass

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 27 October 2017
 ====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net.

Job postings
----------------------
The Digital Freedom Fund is looking for a Program Officer to help support its partners in bringing about change through strategic litigation.
http://bit.ly/2g1gC97


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US: Test of police body cameras finds little impact
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Amanda Ripley reports that the largest, most rigorous study of police body cameras has found that the cameras have no effect on the rate of civilian complaints, use of force, or charging decisions. The seven-month study, led by David Yokum at the Lab @ DC, and Anita Ravishankar at the Washington, DC Metropolitan Police Department, found the effects were too small to be statistically significant; why is not clear. The high financial and privacy costs of police body cameras mean the study may inspire a rethink. The most commonly-cited previous study, in 2012 in Rialto, California, found that shifts with body-worn cameras had half the use-of-force incidents. It led to widespread adoption even though it was a short-term study including only 54 officers. At the ACLU, Jay Stanley discusses the likely limitations of a new trend: gun-mounted cameras that are activated when a gun is drawn from its holster.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2gIKZVE
ACLU: http://bit.ly/2haJ4X8

EU: European Parliament endorses privacy rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that the European Parliament has supported the mandate for trilogues on the ePrivacy Regulation and endorsed privacy rights 318 to 280, with 18 abstentions. The vote followed the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs (LIBE)'s vote for "clear, privacy-friendly rules" after considering the proposed e-Privacy Regulation. The legislation, which follows the 2016 adoption of the General Data Protection Regulation, is intended to protect internet and mobile phone users from tracking, monitoring, and profiling. The next stage will be negotiations with the EU member states in the Council. La Quadrature du Net highlights two weaknesses of the draft Regulation: allowing websites to track users without their consent for audience measuring purposes; and allowing companies to track devices in public spaces without our consent.
EDRi on Twitter: http://bit.ly/2gISaNG
EDRi (LIBE): http://bit.ly/2gMno6L
Quadrature: http://bit.ly/2zRePvM

US: California creates firewall limiting federal access to state data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The EFF reports that California governor Jerry Brown has signed into law S.B. 31, a bill creating a firewall between the state's data and any attempt by the US federal government to create lists, registries, or databases based on a person's religion, nationality, or ethnicity. Police authorities are also prohibited from investigating or enforcing a requirement to register with such a registry.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2xo2YE3

Italy: School program teaches how to recognize fake news
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At the New York Times, Jason Horowitz reports on a project led by Laura Boldrini, the president of Italy's Chamber of Deputies, to educate secondary school students on how to recognize fake news and conspiracy theories online. In an experiment using work sheets prepared by the national broadcaster, RAL, students are being taught to verify stories. As the early 2018 Italian election approaches, conspiracy theories are spreading through the country against a background of spreading economic problems, partisan media, a migrant crisis, and an increasing distrust of traditional authorities.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2i6so2B

Norwegian Consumer Council finds security issues in children's smartwatches
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At the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue website, Finn Myrstad, director of digital policy at the Norwegian Consumer Council (NCC), reports that the NCC has found critical security flaws in smartwatches for children. The technical tests found security flaws in three of the four watches/apps; several transmit data to servers in the US and East Asia, often in plain text. The tests also found that some of the advertised safety features, such as a panic button, were unreliable and that the user terms are inadequate and unclear.
TACD: http://bit.ly/2lhNIqL

US: Congress investigates Russian election interference
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The Guardian reports that the US Senate and House intelligence committees have summoned representatives from Facebook, Twitter, and Google to appear on November 1 as part of their investigation into the extent to which these companies were used in a Russian effort to sway the 2016 presidential election. Meduza summarizes (in English) a detailed Russian report on the Russian troll farm the Internet Research Agency, which spent nearly $80,000 over two years to hire American activists to stage 40 rallies in different American cities in order to incite animosity over hot-button issues. The Guardian publishes the stories of some of the tricked demonstrators, who say their activism is real, though they display varying reactions to learning the source of their funding. CNN reports that among the many platforms used to spread the IRA's "Don't Shoot Us" campaign, which purported to support Black Lives Matter, were Facebook, Tumblr, Instagram, and Pokémon Go.
Guardian (committees): http://bit.ly/2z9w2nd
Meduza: http://bit.ly/2yT9zdp
Guardian (activists): http://bit.ly/2haXhTZ
CNN: http://cnnmon.ie/2yLaXil


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

China: Big data meets Big Brother in new citizen rating system
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Wired article, Rachel Bostman studies China's plans to issue each of the country's citizens with a "social credit score"; the system is currently voluntary but will become mandatory in 2020. The government has licensed eight companies to devise systems and algorithms. The two best-known projects, China Rapid Finance and Sesame Credit, include among their partners data giants such as WeChat owner Tencent and the Alibaba affiliate Ant Financial Services Group, which owns AliPay. The article goes on to discuss how individuals are scored and why they sign up for such a privacy-invasive system. The government, Bostman writes, is attempting to make obedience feel like gaming.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2iB2FmI

Regulating artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report from AI Now, authors Alex Campolo, Madelyn Sanfilippo, Meredith Whittaker, and Kate Crawford explain the state of the art of artificial intelligence, discuss the controversies it raises, and make ten recommendations for its deployment. Among them: high-stakes public agencies should drop "black box" AI and algorithmic systems; companies should rigorously pre-test such systems for biases and errors; standards should be developed for tracking datasets throughout their life cycle; the AI industry should recruit experts from a wide array of disciplines outside computer science and engineering. By contrast, Wired UK reports that a report commissioned by the UK government has recommended the creation of an AI council to oversee the industry but that there should be no direct regulation.
AI Now (PDF): http://bit.ly/2iy2DvP
Wired: http://bit.ly/2y617Iv

Google Urbanism: a takeover in all but name
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In this Guardian article, Evgeny Morozov fears the Google Urbanism project will turn cities into privately-run digital platform and buying their way in with promises of "cool" services and efficiency but profiting by extracting the resulting data. Google Urbanism, he writes, means the end of politics: "Alphabet's democratization of function will not be matched by the democratization of control and ownership of urban resources". In this dystopian future, market demand will replace communal decision-making. Also at the Guardian, Jathan Sadowski argues that the waterfront redevelopment partnership between the city of Toronto and Google's Sidewalk Labs, like other such initiatives, risks creating a template for bypassing democratic leadership.
Guardian (Morozov): http://bit.ly/2xoDZQN
Guardian (Sadowski): http://bit.ly/2zEUTf2

Can you make a living as an Uber driver?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this web-based game at the Financial Times based on the newspaper's reporting and interviews with dozens of drivers, players attempt to earn enough to make a $1,000 mortgage payment while working as a full-time Uber driver with two kids to support. As you go, the game asks you to make strategy decisions that expose the perverse incentives on issues such as whether to get a business license and how you want to handle passengers, mishaps, and illegal requests. Even at the easiest setting, it seems impossible to win. Hint: when your windscreen gets chipped, fix it promptly.
FT: http://bit.ly/2gFIdgx

Intellectual property for the 21st-century economy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Project Syndicate, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Dean Baker, and Arjun Jayadev discuss efforts by developing countries such as South Africa, India, and Brazil to push back against the intellectual property regime that has been forced upon them over the last 30 years. South Africa is finalizing an IP policy that should widen access to medicines; a 2005 law in India created a mechanism to add balance and fairness to patenting standards; and Brazil negotiated lower drug prices to enable early treatment of HIV/AIDS. The authors go on to discuss their new paper arguing that the economic institutions and laws protecting knowledge in advanced economies are poorly suited for governing global economic activity or meeting the needs of developing countries and emerging markets. Knowledge, they write, is a global public good; the current IP regime is not sustainable.
Project Syndicate: http://bit.ly/2gKZhoL

The rise of authoritarian cryptocurrencies
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In this article at Bloomberg, Leonid Bershidsky discusses the prospects of authoritarian cryptocurrencies, a new way for Russia and China to control their financial systems. In Russia, the pro-government newspaper Argumenti I Fakti reported that President Vladimir Putin is proposing a near-term launch of a closed crypto-ruble, and Yao Qian, deputy director of the People's Bank of China's technology division, has suggested a central bank-issued electronic currency for which commercial banks would administer wallets. The idea is directly opposed to the original libertarian idea behind bitcoin of a decentralized currency that could not be controlled by any government; China's and Russia's goals are likely to be improving the cost and speed of financial transactions.
Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2yTaydB

The war to sell mattresses over the internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article at Fast Company, David Zax investigates the background of a 2016 lawsuit brought by the mattress manufacturer Casper against Sleepopolis, the largest of an ecosystem of mattress review sites, which makes millions of dollars through affiliate marketing. Casper alleged false advertising and deceptive practices. The case ended with a settlement and a sale in which Casper provided financing for a takeover of Sleepopolis. The story illustrates the many hidden ways of gaming apparently independent reviews and coupon deals in niches where no one would imagine that millions of dollars were at stake and where consumers unwisely trust what they see.
Fast Company: http://bit.ly/2y6DrUs


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4-5, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

After the Digital Tornado
----------------------------------------
November 17-18
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Twenty years since the policy-makers and academics began wrestling with the implications of the internet, fundamental questions remain unresolved, and even more serious new questions have emerged. Today, networks powered by algorithms are eating everything. At this major academic conference hosted by the Wharton School, an interdisciplinary group of leading scholars will consider the deep questions posed for business and society. Registration is free, but space is limited.
http://bit.ly/2y1rif1

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 23, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy-makers and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment. In the face of a "shrinking civic space" for collective action, the event aims to provide a platform for actors from across these domains to discuss and develop shared principles to address key challenges for digital rights and freedoms of individuals. The theme for 2018 is "speech, settings and [in]security by design".
http://bit.ly/2lho8Cb

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

We Robot 2018
----------------------------------------
April 12-14, 2018
Palo Alto, California, USA
This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate.
http://stanford.io/2juk94u

OKFestival 2018
----------------------------------------
May 3-6, 2018
Thessaloniki, Greece
The Open Knowledge Festival (OKFestival) is the biggest gathering of the open knowledge community and will bring together over 1,000 people from around the world to share their skills and experiences; encouraging them to work together to build the very tools and partnerships that will further the power of openness as a positive force for change.
http://2018.okfestival.org/

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 24, 2018
San Francisco, CA, USA
ConPro #18 will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy emphasis, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. Participants will consist heavily of academic and industry researchers but are also expected to include researchers from the Federal Trade Commission - the U.S. government's primary consumer protection body - and other government agencies with a consumer protection mission.
http://bit.ly/2iCUt5r

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
May 30-31
Washington, DC, USA
PLSC is a paper workshop with the goal of improving and providing support for in-progress scholarship. To achieve this, PLSC assembles a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss the papers. Scholars from many disciplines (psychology/economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and even math) also participate.
http://bit.ly/2zgypRQ

LIBER Annual Conference 2018
----------------------------------------
July 4-6, 2018
Lille, France
The 47th annual conference of the Association of European Research Libraries (LIBER) will include plenary sessions with top international speakers, presentations on current research, posters, and an exhibition of products and services for the library sector, as well as a comprehensive social programme.
http://bit.ly/2zFcbbU

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners 2018
----------------------------------------
October 22-26, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
https://icdppc.org/

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 29 September 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman. 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, SumOfUs.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

UK: Transport for London bars Uber
----------------------------------------------------------------------
London Reconnections reports that Transport for London (TfL) has decided not to renew Uber's license to operate, saying the company is not "fit and proper". The company says it will appeal; over 825,000 customers have answered its call to sign a Change.org petition in support. TfL's announcement lists four areas in which it feels Uber has failed to take sufficient responsibility: reporting serious criminal offenses; obtaining medical certificates; Enhanced Disclosure and Barring Service checks; and explaining the use of the company's regulator-blocking software Greyball. London Reconnections explains Uber's corporate structure and the reasons why in TfL Uber has met a genuinely powerful regulator that will not be easily pacified. SumOfUs argues that TfL should not restore Uber's license until and unless the company agrees to fair working terms, including granting drivers basic employment rights and safe working practices; it has delivered a petition with 106,000 signatures to London Assembly member Unmesh Desai.
London Reconnections: http://bit.ly/2wnpxbm
TfL: http://bit.ly/2yLG5LF
SumOfUs: http://bit.ly/2woknfk

Apple adds tracking prevention to Safari browser
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the latest version of Apple's Safari browser implements "intelligent tracking prevention", which prevents some websites from tracking users around the net. The move has proved controversial, and six advertising consortia have written an open letter to Apple, published in AdWeek, saying the new rules will "hurt the user experience and sabotage the economic model for the internet". Google is also developing a feature for its Chrome browser that will block "intrusive ads". EFF expresses the hope that Mozilla, Microsoft, and Google will follow the lead of Apple and minority browsers Brave and Opera.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2wnRnEF
AdWeek: http://bit.ly/2wnoXu8
EFF: http://bit.ly/2xQb2jR

Chile: Draft decree requires data retention
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Rights Watch reports that the text of a draft decree signed by Chilean president Michelle Bachelet, which has been released by the rights group Derechos Digitales, would require telecommunications companies to retain data on the electronic and mobile communications of everyone in the country for at least two years. While the decree would require a court order to intercept communications, the same would not be true for accessing data already held. The draft also forbids companies from incorporating technology to hinder interception or recording, which if interpreted broadly could mean banning encryption. To come into force, the decree needs to be approved by the Comptroller Generalk's Office, which is reviewing the draft.
Human Rights Watch: http://bit.ly/2fxF4ie

EU: Buried study shows unauthorized downloads have little effect on sales
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that in response to a freedom of information request from Pirate Party MEP Julia Reda the European Commission has finally published a study on the impact of unauthorized downloads on the copyright industry that it commissioned in 2014. Awarded to the Dutch research and consultancy company Ecorys at a cost of €369,871, the study, now published at Netzpolitik, found that statistical analysis did not support the claim that downloading displaced sales with one exception: recent top movies. In that case, the researchers found that the legal consumption of top films decreased by four for every ten recent top films watched illegally. Music and books were unaffected; downloading games may even boost sales. The researchers suggest that downloading films and TV series decreases with lower prices. At TechDirt, Glyn Moody has more details and background.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2x1H60b
Netzpolitik (PDF): http://bit.ly/2xQNbkl
TechDirt: http://bit.ly/2x1xl2h

Spain: Government raids .cat registry owner Fundació PuntCAT
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that the Spanish authorities, in the news for raiding the offices of the Catalan regional government and detaining at least 14 people, simultaneously raided the offices of Fundació PuntCAT, which has overseen the .cat domain name registry since its creation in 2005. PuntCAT's head of IT, Pep Masoliver, was arrested and charged with sedition. Almost all of the 113,000 websites registered under .cat belong to the Catalan-speaking community, and the foundation monitors such sites to ensure that they use the Catalan language. Catalonia's regional government has long pushed for secession from Spain and intends to hold a referendum on secession on October 1, efforts the Madrid government claims violates the country's 1978 constitution. The foundation has written to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to say that the Spanish authorities have asked it to block all .cat domain names that may contain any information about the referendum, and posted it on Twitter. The Guardian has more detail on the broader situation. 
New York Times: http://nyti.ms/2yMbVbx
Twitter: http://bit.ly/2x1hb91
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2yx9PLD


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

EFF's open letter to W3C
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this open letter, EFF's Cory Doctorow explains why EFF has resigned from W3C, the organization founded by Tim Berners-Lee that guides the development of the web. EFF's resignation is related to W3C's adoption of the Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) standard, which enables companies like Netflix and others to deliver video protected via digital rights management (DRM) to web browsers. EFF had agreed to drop its opposition to EME provided that the W3C extend its existing intellectual property rights policies to ensure that companies could not use provisions of the Digital Millennium Copyright to attack legitimate activities such as research and modifications that require the circumvention of DRM. Despite support by W3C members from many sectors, W3C's leaders rejected this compromise. At The Outline, Adrianne Jeffries discusses the controversy and the perception that the W3C, "vendor-neutral" since its founding in 1994, has become a captive of large corporate interests. 
EFF: http://bit.ly/2xOrtgx
The Outline: http://bit.ly/2hAeR6R

Fixing Facebook
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Wired, Antonio Garcia Martinez explains the inner workings of Facebook's advertising machine, which he helped create, and suggests how to fix them in the light of two recent stories: the sale of $100,000 in political ads to Russian operators before the 2016 election, and the ease with which bigoted users can be targeted via keywords. Garcia Martinez rapidly dismisses the second story because advertisers have largely abandoned keywords in favor of more personalized targeting. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg's embrace of transparency, he writes, will require the company to solve the problem of how to display all the many variants of ads without disrupting advertisers' desire to have clean product pages. ProPublica has the detail of what is known about Facebook's transparency initiative.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2hAwXpd
ProPublica: http://bit.ly/2fDoCQS

African start-ups
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Quartz Africa based on the recent Accelerating Africa 2,0 event, Yinka Adegoke argues that Africa's community of start-ups and venture capitalists should be focusing on innovation and problem-solving rather than chasing huge valuations. The latter approach may have worked in Silicon Valley, but will be damaging in an African context.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2fD5DWZ

Disrupting Daesh on Twitter
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at VOX-Pol, Maura Conway and Suraj Lakhani summarize findings in the project's August report, Disrupting Daesh: Measuring Takedown of Online Terrorist Material and Its Impacts. While Twitter was quickly suspending accounts linked to Islamic State (IS), the same was not true of accounts linked to other extremist groups. VOX-Pol estimates that 90% of accounts supportive of IS were taken down over the three months of their study. The researchers conclude by warning that IS activity is migrating to other platforms, particularly Telegram, where there may be less overall activity but participants may be more committed to their cause and therefore pose a greater security risk.
VOX-Pol: http://bit.ly/2yLcvGa

Information bottleneck and deep machine learning
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Quanta Magazine, Natalie Wolchover explains a Berlin conference talk posted to YouTube by Naftali Tishby, a computer scientist and neuroscientist from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. In the talk, Tishby proposed an answer to the question of how deep neural networks learn: an information bottleneck that rids the information passing through the network of noise and retains only the most relevant features. Tishby has identified two phases of this process: "fitting" and "compression". It's widely agreed that he may have solved the important problem of how neural networks generalize principles from the stream of specific examples they're fed; it's unlikely that this is how human brains do it.
Quanta: http://bit.ly/2fBHtvO
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2ywnhiI

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC, USA
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields. 
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
October 6-9, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Annual barcamp for European digital rights activists organized by Digitalcourage. Open to all. The barcamp highly depends on the participants and their contribution - those wanting to organise a workshop or a talk can create an account at the FnF wiki and enter their session.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2hAJzN0

Countering Violent Extremism Online and the Impact on Civil Liberties
----------------------------------------
October 23-04, 2017
Boston, MA, USA
The theme of this workshop is to explore the challenges and opportunities facing actors engaged in countering violent extremism online, and the impact on content regulation and civil liberties. This workshop is connected with a VOX-Pol study being conducted by Central European University's Center for Media, Data and Society.
http://bit.ly/2x0PrWQ

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

After the Digital Tornado
----------------------------------------
November 17-18
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Twenty years since the policy-makers and academics began wrestling with the implications of the internet, fundamental questions remain unresolved, and even more serious new questions have emerged. Today, networks powered by algorithms are eating everything. At this major academic conference hosted by the Wharton School, an interdisciplinary group of leading scholars will consider the deep questions posed for business and society. Registration is free, but space is limited.
http://bit.ly/2y1rif1 

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality. 
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

We Robot 2018
----------------------------------------
April 12-14, 2018
Palo Alto, California, USA
This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate. 
http://stanford.io/2juk94u

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3

International Conference of Data Protection and Privacy Commissioners 2018
----------------------------------------
October 22026, 2018
Brussels, Belgium
The 40th version of this event will be hosted by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), Giovanni Buttarelli and the chair of the Commission for Personal Data Protection of the Republic of Bulgaria, Ventsislav Karadjov. The conference is expected to focus on the recently launched international debate on the ethical dimension of data protection in the digital era. Accompanying conference events will also take place in Bulgaria.
https://icdppc.org/

***

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Research Digest • Open Society Information Program • 13 October 2017

=================================================

The Open Society Information Program Research Digest tracks new scholarly articles and books on the social and political aspects of information and technology issues. The Digest is compiled by Evgeny Morozov. A related Twitter feed is also available at https://twitter.com/#!/morozov_links. The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of the Open Society Foundations or the Information Program.


NEW ARTICLES AND PAPERS

==========================

* "Big Data Surveillance: The Case of Policing" by Sarah Brayne - American Sociological Review

This article examines the intersection of two structural developments: the growth of surveillance and the rise of "big data." Drawing on observations and interviews conducted within the Los Angeles Police Department, the author offers an empirical account of how the adoption of big data analytics does--and does not--transform police surveillance practices. The author argues that the adoption of big data analytics facilitates amplifications of prior surveillance practices and fundamental transformations in surveillance activities.

source: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0003122417725865 ($)

-------

* "Algo-Rhythms and the Beat of the Legal Drum" by Ugo Pagallo - Philosophy & Technology

The paper focuses on concerns and legal challenges brought on by the use of algorithms. A particular class of algorithms that augment or replace analysis and decision-making by humans, i.e. data analytics and machine learning, is under scrutiny. The author argues that by entrusting many legal hard cases to algorithms, humans still bear full responsibility for the judgment of what is socially, ethically, and legally "plain" and "hard" in social affairs. The balance between delegation of decisions to algorithms and non-delegation will be the leitmotiv of the algorithmic society, argues the author.

source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13347-017-0277-z ($)

-------

* "A Posthuman Data Subject? The Right to Be Forgotten and Beyond" by Jannice Käll - German Law Journal

Arguing that digital technologies greatly obfuscate the boundaries between persons and things, this article draws a parallel to how the continuous expansion of digital technologies also affects critical understandings of how "data" and human personhood are produced in legal theory. Reviewing the new data protection legislation, and especially the Right to Be Forgotten rule with its attempt to strike the balance between the privacy interests of humans and the business needs of the infosphere, the author argues that the construction of new human rights around data protection would benefit from understanding how the theoretical separation between "humans" and "data" is in itself an effect of advanced capitalism.

source: https://static1.squarespace.com/static/56330ad3e4b0733dcc0c8495/t/59a9a6f559cc685ded692259/1504290550021/05+Vol_18_No_05_Kall.pdf (free)

-------

* "Cyber Insurance" by Pythagoras Petratos et al. - book chapter

This article offers an accessible introduction to the topic of cyber insurance. The authors describe the different types or risks as well as uncertainty and ignorance related to cyber security. A framework for catastrophes linked to cyber-events is presented. It is assessed which risks might be insurable or uninsurable. Authors also discuss the evolution and challenges of cyber insurance and propose some thoughts for the further development of cyber insurance markets.

source: https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-06091-0_25-1 ($)

-------

* "Online Network Organization of Barcelona en Comú, an Emergent Movement-Party" by Pablo Aragón et al. - Computational Social Networks

The article explores the novelty of the emerging grassroots party Barcelona en Comú that won the 2015 Barcelona City Council election. On the one hand, it came out of a social movement that was based on a decentralized structure. On the other hand, political science literature postulates that parties develop oligarchical leadership structures. Exploring this tension through the lens of the party's Twitter activity, this article finds that while traditional parties are organized in a single cluster, for Barcelona en Comú two well-defined groups co-exist: a centralized cluster led by the candidate and party accounts, and a decentralized cluster with the movement activists.

source: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s40649-017-0044-4 ($)


NEW AND NOTEWORTHY BOOKS
=============================

* "Google and Democracy: Politics and the Power of the Internet" by Sean Richey & J. Benjamin Taylor (Routledge)

This book explores the influence of Google on American politics, specifically on direct democracy. Using original experiments and nationally representative cross-sectional data, the authors show how Google Search returns quality information, that users click on quality information, and gain political knowledge and other contingent benefits. Additionally, they correlate Google usage with real-world voting behavior on direct democracy. The authors conclude that Google Search is a powerful and important component to American political life in the twenty-first century, yet its influence is poorly researched or understood.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Google-Democracy-Politics-Power-Internet/dp/1138066451/

-------

* "The Political Economy of Robots: Prospects for Prosperity and Peace in the Automated 21st Century" edited by Ryan Kiggins (Palgrave Macmillan)

This collection examines the implications of technological automation for global prosperity and peace. Focusing on robots, information communication technologies, and other automation technologies, contributors to this book offer brief interventions that assess how automation may alter extant political, social, and economic institutions, norms, and practices that comprise the global political economy. The collection deals directly with such issues as automated production, trade, war, state sanctioned robot violence, financial speculation, transnational crime, and policy decision making.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Political-Economy-Robots-Prosperity-International/dp/3319514652/

-------

* "Bulk Collection: Systematic Government Access to Private-Sector Data" edited by Fred H. Cate & James X. Dempsey (Oxford University Press)

This book draws on comparative methods to examine national practices and laws regarding systematic government access to personal information held by private-sector companies. These data collection programs, often undertaken in the name of national security, were cloaked in secrecy and largely immune from oversight, posing serious threats to personal privacy. This book contains twelve updated country reports plus eleven analytic chapters that present descriptive and normative frameworks for assessing national surveillance laws, survey evolving international law and human rights principles applicable to government surveillance, and describe oversight mechanisms.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Bulk-Collection-Systematic-Government-Private-Sector/dp/0190685514

-------

* "Documenting Americans: A Political History of National ID Card Proposals in the United States" by Magdalena Krajewsk (Cambridge University Press)

This book offers the first political history of national ID card proposals and developments in identity policing in the United States. The book focuses on the period from 1915 to 2016, including the post-9/11 debates and policy decisions regarding the introduction of technologically-advanced identification documents. The author debunks two common myths: that Americans are opposed to national ID cards and that American policymakers never propose national ID cards.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Documenting-Americans-Political-National-Proposals-ebook/dp/B074XF8N5K

-------

* "Robot Ethics 2.0: From Autonomous Cars to Artificial Intelligence" edited by Patrick Lin, Keith Abney, Ryan Jenkins (Oxford University Press)

Contributors to this book argue that, as robots slip into more domains of human life -- from the operating room to the bedroom -- they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This, according to the book, makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. In particular, this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Robot-Ethics-2-0-Autonomous-Intelligence/dp/0190652950/



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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 15 September 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Engine Room, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Equifax breach exposes credit details of 143 million Americans
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Dan Goodin calls the hack of the credit scoring company Equifax, which has exposed the names, addresses, birth dates, Social Security numbers, and driver's license numbers of 143 million Americans, and an unknown number of Canadians and Britons. While other breaches have been larger, Equifax's exceptional position at the heart of financial services makes this arguably the most severe, placing more than half the US population at risk of identity fraud. Compounding the breach is the company's "amateurish" response: insiders sold tranches of shares days before the announcement, the website constructed to notify people is inadequately secured and looks like a phishing site, and, as Sorry Watch notes, the company's public announcement failed as an apology. Investigative security journalist Brian Krebs studies the site's problems in detail and surveys the history of credit bureaus and concludes that they are overdue for more regulatory oversight. Ars Technica's Goodin also traces the breach to an open bug in web applications for which a patch had been issued two months before the break-in.
Ars Technica (news): http://bit.ly/2jpZiyU
Sorry Watch: http://bit.ly/2eXubWx
Krebs (breach): http://bit.ly/2wrWOBn
Krebs (response): http://bit.ly/2wcowqA
Ars Technica (bug): http://bit.ly/2wcowqA

Alt-right aims to build its own internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Slate, April Glaser reports on the development of social media sites being built by white supremacists, Nazis, and the "alt-right" as these groups are purged from mainstream services. One such site, Gab.ai, started in August 2016 with four people, and now boasts 240,000 users and $1 million in crowdfunding, though Google has booted it from its app store. Gab and others now want to build their own internet; they have made some progress in building alternatives to crowdfunding, data, and payment sites, and even Wikipedia, which they hope will eventually become mainstream. In the 2016 documentary The Brainwashing of My Dad, filmmaker Jen Senko studied the successful history of the similar process with broadcast media. In a blog posting, Access Now argues that social media companies should build human rights into their policies, and makes recommendations for how to do so.
Slate: http://slate.me/2wsWLFC
Senko: http://bit.ly/2ifqevS
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2vWgkXb

Amnesty International terminates the Panic Button app
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a pair of blog postings at the Engine Room, Tanya O'Carroll (Amnesty International), Danna Ingleton (Human Rights Defenders), and Jun Matsushita (iilab) announce they are withdrawing the Panic Button app, intended to provide human rights activists with a peer-to-peer emergency response network. They explain the reasons and outline the lessons they have learned. The project hasn't attracted substantial external funding; the problem of false alerts proved intractable; and the organizations have been unable to sustain the needed level of human resources. The code remains available on Github, and the organizations will integrate the methodology into Amnesty's future work.
Engine Room (app): http://bit.ly/2x3VN63
Engine Room (lessons): http://bit.ly/2f8ZeT4

China bans initial coin offerings and bitcoin exchanges
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Bloomberg, Tim Culpan reports that China has declared initial coin offerings (ICOs) illegal. More than $1.8 billion has been raised through 135 ICOs this year. Chinese regulators have generally refrained from interfering with the rise of bitcoin, and the country has become a global center for trading and mining digital currencies. Culpan estimates that the new generation of ICOs are worthless, and believes the Chinese government has made the right decision in the interests of stability. A week later, Bloomberg reported that China will ban trading of bitcoin and other virtual currencies on domestic exchanges, although over-the-counter transactions will be allowed to proceed.
Bloomberg (ICOs): https://bloom.bg/2eXtFHW
Bloomberg (exchanges): https://bloom.bg/2vX3dFa

EU: ECHR reverses decision on employer monitoring
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that the European Court of Human Rights has overturned the prior judgment by a Romanian court in the case of Barbulescu v Romania, the case in which a man was fired for using private messaging on company computers. The case was widely seen as giving companies new scope for monitoring their employees. The ECHR judges found that Romanian courts failed to protect Bogdan Barbulescu's private correspondence because the employer had not given him prior notice that it was monitoring his communications. At Panopticon, Robin Hopkins analyzes the background of the case and the limitations of the new ruling, which sets new boundaries between monitoring and privacy rights.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2wZ9LHp
Panopticon: http://bit.ly/2x37Per


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Critiquing the scientifically and ethically flawed "gay AI" paper
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Scatterplot, Greggor Mattson dissects the scientific flaws in the widely headlined preprint Journal of Personality and Social Psychology paper claiming that an AI classifier determined whether a human is gay or heterosexual from photographs better than human judges recruited through Mechanical Turk. Mattson places Yiulun Wang's and Michal Kosinski's paper, first covered by the Economist, in context with myriad other attempts to use physical indicators to determine sexual orientation and critiques its flawed methodology and stereotyping. "Machine learning is like money laundering for bias," Maciej Ceglowski told the SASE conference in June 2016. At Light Blue Touchpaper, Ross Anderson criticizes the ethical failings and privacy issues raised by scraping images from dating sites without the consent of either an ethics board or the individuals concerned. Outline reports that the backlash has led the journal to place the paper under ethical review.
Scatterplot: http://bit.ly/2xnbN3C
Economist: http://econ.st/2wseJrC
Ceglowski: http://bit.ly/2jq9tnj
Light Blue Touchpaper: http://bit.ly/2eXxCN1
PsyArxiv: http://bit.ly/2flYW8n
Outline: http://bit.ly/2wZkJN6

Ten invisible data manipulations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Privacy International discusses ten ways our data is invisibly used to manipulate us via devices over which we have no control. These include financial technology, political profiling and connected cars and transport. Privacy International has also launched a campaign, in partnership with more than 30 national human rights organizations, to collect information about the secret intelligence agency data sharing practices of 40 governments.
Medium (manipulations): http://bit.ly/2wbIMsq
Medium (campaign): http://bit.ly/2wbIMsq

Who is Marcus Hutchins?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, investigative security journalist Brian Krebs digs into the background of Marcus Hutchins, the UK "Wannacry hero" who was arrested at Defcon in August. Krebs finds that Hutchins appears to indeed have a history of writing malware, although he has tried to move away from it since 2013.
Krebs: http://bit.ly/2flhqpo

IBM's Watson for Oncology "nowhere close" to revolution of cancer care
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at STAT, Casey Ross examines IBM's optimistic claims for its Watson supercomputer's "revolution in cancer care" and concludes it's nowhere close. Only a few dozen hospitals have adopted the system, he writes, and the foreign ones complain that its advice is biased towards American patients and methods of care. The computer's treatment choices are based on training by a couple of dozen overseeing doctors at New York's Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, who struggle to keep it up to date. STAT finds that it creates no new knowledge and that IBM has not published scientific papers or submitted the system for critical review by outsiders or conducted clinical trials.
STAT: http://bit.ly/2xAWrtq

Julian Assange: The man without a country
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy and thorough New Yorker profile, Raffi Khatchadourian tells the story of years of interactions and interviews with Julian Assange between 2010 and early 2017 and examines his alleged ties with Russia, calling Assange's claim that there were no connections between his publications and Russia "untenable".
New Yorker: http://bit.ly/2f8ArOW

Measuring human rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting from the Responsible Data Forum, Anne-Marie Brook, co-founder of the Human Rights Measurement Initiative, outlines HRMI's project to produce a comprehensive set of metrics on countries' human rights performance. The project is calling for nominations for countries to participate in the pilot.
Responsible Data Forum: http://bit.ly/2wcBvJ1


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

After the Digital Tornado
----------------------------------------
November 17-18
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Twenty years since the policy-makers and academics began wrestling with the implications of the internet, fundamental questions remain unresolved, and even more serious new questions have emerged. Today, networks powered by algorithms are eating everything. At this major academic conference hosted by the Wharton School, an interdisciplinary group of leading scholars will consider the deep questions posed for business and society. Registration is free, but space is limited.
http://bit.ly/2y1rif1

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

We Robot 2018
----------------------------------------
April 12-14, 2018
Palo Alto, California, USA
This conference is the annual gathering of academics, policy makers, roboticists, economists, ethicists, entrepreneurs, and lawyers who care about robots and the future of robot law and policy. We Robot fosters conversations between the people designing, building, and deploying robots, and the people who design or influence the legal and social structures in which robots operate.
http://stanford.io/2juk94u

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

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News Digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 2 September 2017
====================================================
The Information Program News Digest, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Privacy International, Pro Publica, Open Markets Initiative.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

India: Supreme Court rules that privacy is a fundamental right
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy International reports that the Indian Supreme Court has ruled that privacy is a fundamental right "intrinsic to the right to life", overruling two previous decisions. The Times of India reports that, in response, the government has welcomed the unanimous decision but said it should be "subject to reasonable restrictions". In the Hindustan Times, Sunil Abraham, executive director of the Centre for Internet and Society, argues that Parliament needs to underpin the essential right to privacy with an omnibus privacy law that addresses the tension between privacy and other fundamental rights like the right to free speech and derivative rights like the right to information.
PI: http://bit.ly/2wT9C8P
Times of India: http://bit.ly/2vFiQku
Hindustan Times: http://bit.ly/2wSWGzC

Rwanda: Commercial drone services begin delivering blood
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Quartz Africa, Lily Kuo reports that the world's first commercial drone delivery service from the San Francisco-based robotics company Zipline has opened up in Rwanda to deliver blood products to hospitals, vastly reducing delivery times. The company is talking to other African and Latin American governments, including Tanzania, about launching similar services in their countries. The lack of Western-style regulations and legacy systems is enabling African countries like Rwanda, Cameroon, Malawi, South Africa, and Kenya to become testbeds for the use of drones in tourism, health services, ecommerce, and anti-poaching efforts.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2wiqCU8

Internet intermediaries purge hate speech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, John Herrman reports that internet companies are purging neo-Nazi and "hard-right" content in the wake of the Charlottesville, Virginia supremacist rally, at which a participant drove his car into a group of counter-protesters, killing one and injuring 19 others. Facebook, Twitter, and Airbnb have deleted pages and accounts, Spotify has pulled "white supremacist music", and service providers - GoDaddy, Google, PayPal, and Cloudflare - have cut off leading neo-Nazi site Daily Stormer, which has moved to Tor Hidden Services. Herrman says these actions should remind us that, despite their democratic rhetoric, these companies' version of freedom is a "commercial simulation". On the banned hard-right communities' own social media, they portray themselves as victimized refugees from platform censorship. In a blog posting, Matthew Prince, CEO of Cloudflare, which protects websites from attacks, warns that no intermediary should have the power to arbitrarily remove a site from the internet. EFF concurs, and discusses example historical cases. Pro Publica explores the role of leading technology companies such as PayPal, Stripe, Taboola, and Newsmax in helping extremist sites monetize hate, even though most of those same companies have policies that bar doing business with hate groups. On WNYC radio, Data & Society's Alice Marwick discusses the methods hate groups use to recruit supporters. As a remedy, she suggests connecting with disaffected former members and engaging with the concerns of the angry, alienated young men these movements target. At the Guardian, Alex Hern discusses the problem for Tor Hidden Services, which can't turn off the technology that protects journalists and human rights activists in order to ban groups that are less acceptable. In partnership with Google News Lab, Pro Publica has begun indexing news of hate incidents.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2iJc2jT
Cloudflare: http://bit.ly/2iIjZGg
EFF: http://bit.ly/2woabo4
Pro Publica (monetize): http://bit.ly/2woa4c8
WNYC: http://bit.ly/2gpL14d
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2wSMgQo
Pro Publica (Hate News Index): http://bit.ly/2vFjv5K

Open access nears 50% of new papers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Times Higher Education reports that nearly half of recent research papers, and at least 28% of scholarly literature overall, are open access, based on a research study for PeerJ Preprints. Researcher Heather Piwowar believes that the growth in open access publication may tip the scales toward subscription cancellations for some universities. Science reports that in Germany change is already on the table: 150 libraries, universities, and research institutes have joined together to try to force academic publishers to adopt a new business model. They propose to pay a lump sum to cover publication costs of all papers whose first authors are at a German institution in return for access to all the publishers' online content. Similar efforts in the Netherlands, Finland, Austria, and the UK have had partial success.
THES: http://bit.ly/2wJhrNC
Science: http://bit.ly/2wTaoCL

Data analysis exposes the hidden architecture of tax havens
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Quartz, Tim Fernholz reports on a paper published in Nature by a group of European computer scientists who have used a global dataset that tracks the relationships among more than 98 million companies to trace the flow of tax-free money through corporate chains. While the OECD claims that the only tax jurisdiction that does not abide by its rules is Trinidad and Tobago, this research has turned up many more, some expected, such as the British Virgin Islands, Jersey, Bermuda, and the Cayman Islands, and some not, such as Taiwan. Five countries emerge as primary conduits for funds: the Netherlands, the UK, Switzerland, Singapore, and Ireland.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2vJBbMP
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2xNiAAV

Google-funded think tank ousts Google critic
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Kenneth P. Vogel reports that the New America Foundation, a Washington think tank that has received more than $21 million in funding from Google, has terminated its relationship with the Open Markets project, which comprised about ten full-time employees and unpaid fellows. The trigger appears to have been an article published on the think tank's website by Open Markets leader Barry Lynn that praised the $2.7 billion fine the EU levied against Google in late June. Google denies exerting any pressure and the New American Foundation denies any link. However, Google funds myriad think tanks and advocacy groups (the list is published on its website), and critics express concern that the result is to limit criticism from the sector. Open Markets is now starting up as a stand-alone non-profit and has launched a website called Citizens Against Monopoly. At the Washington Post Zephyr Teachout argues that recent years have seen Google become "greedy" about owning the shape of public discourse and become America's biggest spender on corporate lobbying and a significant presence in the nation's schoolrooms. At Vox, Matthew Yglesias recounts the history of New America's ideological positioning and its relationship with Google and also notes the company's alignment with the Democratic Party. At The Register, Kieren McCarthy notes the reactions of technology policy activists and discusses Google's increasing influence on all aspects of policy making.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2vF1N2k
Citizens Against Monopoly: http://bit.ly/2iINdVr
Google: http://bit.ly/2x5b9I8
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2vIQ0zJ
Vox: http://bit.ly/2elWhup
Register: http://bit.ly/2x9bUQj


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

US: Understanding civic mistrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, Ethan Zuckerman summarizes and makes available for download an essay on civic mistrust that he wrote for the Knight Foundation's recent workshop on trust, media, and democracy in America. Zuckerman argues that mistrust is a broad civic problem affecting many institutions, but that new ways of participating are also forming. He suggests that the traditional right/left axis is being replaced with a newer structure of institutionalists and insurrectionists.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2vJRqcs

North Korea: Phones and censorship
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist surveys the use of smartphones in North Korea, where sanctioned mobile phones have spread widely since 2008, when the government invited the Egyptian company Orascom to join the state in building a 3G network. Enforced by the state's operating system Red Star and by signal jammers set up along the border with China, and users are restricted from making foreign phone calls; built-in Red Star functions take random screenshots of users' devices and search files for suspicious phrases and delete them. Red Star also allows authorities to trace forbidden content smuggled in from the South as it moves from device to device. Only a few are allowed internet access, and that is limited to 28 websites on the state-run intranet. Nonetheless, The Economist sees the country's growing networking as a small but hopeful sign of defiance.
Economist: http://econ.st/2vFydcS

Fixing misleading charts
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Quartz article, Nikhail Sonnad provides a helpful warning about interpreting data and charts by deconstructing a chart created by a Reddit user that did the rounds after the total solar eclipse carved a path across the US on August 21. The chart appeared to show, using Google Trends, that searches for "solar eclipse" peaked shortly before a similar-sized peak in searches for "my eyes hurt". Yet the reality is that although searches for "solar eclipse" did peak around the time of the eclipse, searches for "my eyes hurt" remained relatively flat. Sonnad explains why: the chart used relative indexing that showed nothing about the number of searches.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2xxH3uu

Amazon and antitrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow discusses a lengthy Yale Law Journal article written by third year law student Lina Khan (who also works with the Open Markets Initiative at the mentioned in the story on Google and New America, above), who examines the last 50 years of American antitrust law using Amazon as a case study. Khan, whose article has sparked a heated debate among lawyers and economists, argues that the Chicago School's emphasis on profits and consumer prices is inadequate to assess the anti-competitiveness of today's market structure, in which networks, digital goods, data-oriented retail, and giant pools of investment funds combine to create giant players at the expense of workers, creators, and competition. Khan concludes by suggesting limiting platform dominance by restoring traditional antitrust and competition principles and applying common carrier obligations.
BoingBoing: http://bit.ly/2xy59VZ
Yale Law Journal: http://bit.ly/2wTaQAX

How Palantir pushed into policing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Wired article, Mark Harris investigates the data analysis company Palantir's push into policing. Via freedom of information requests, Harris finds many police forces have complained about escalating prices, hard-to-use software, and confidentiality violations. The retrieved documents offer an unprecedented view of the data the secretive company collects, the services it offers, and its pricing structure. The company, whose board is chaired by PayPal founder Peter Thiel, has extracted $50 million from the state of California alone since 2009. Harris warns that Palantir aims to penetrate police forces across the US and the rest of the world.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2x5iabT

A roadmap for artificial intelligence policy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this essay, University of Washington law professor and We Robot co-founder Ryan Calo proposes a roadmap for artificial intelligence policy. Noting that modern fears about AI are decades old, he goes on to consider the policy challenges posed by recent breakthroughs in areas such as justice and equity, the use of force, safety, privacy, and taxation and displacement of labor. That AI has captured the interest and imaginations of policy makers around the world this early in its life-cycle offers hope, Calo writes, that it can be channeled toward the public interest. At Co.Design, Caroline Singers writes an open letter to Elon Musk arguing that we should be worrying about neither killer robots nor the Singularity, but should instead focus on emerging issues such as machine learning bias, the effect on jobs of automation, designing for a wider audience than just Silicon Valley, and security flaws, particularly in self-driving cars.
SSRN (essay): http://bit.ly/2xyhh9u
Co.Design: http://bit.ly/2wSO8sr

Ukraine: Fighting fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from National Public Radio's Planet Money, reporter Gregory Warner investigates fake news in Ukraine, where Russian TV stations routinely spread hoaxes that deepen divisions. Volunteers began by fact-checking Russian news and making counter-programming, but over time censorship looks more attractive than continuing to pour resources into such never-ending efforts.
NPR: http://n.pr/2vrUHlI


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 August 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Digital Rights Ireland, EFF.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

China: Apple removes VPNs from the app store
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that Apple is removing some VPN services from its Chinese app store. While the company has been criticized for giving in to pressure from the Chinese government, the company says it is complying with the law, which requires all VPN services operating in China to use the country's infrastructure. Phys.org reports on broader moves to limit Chinese internet users' ability to bypass the country's censorship controls. At EFF, Amul Kalia and Eva Galperin discuss the history and escalation of Chinese internet censorship.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2vOTow5
Phys: http://bit.ly/2vmX2uD
EFF: http://bit.ly/2ftzf8D

Elsevier acquires Bepress and Digital Commons
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Scholarly Kitchen reports that Elsevier is acquiring Bepress, the academic software firm that developed the cloud-based institutional repository system Digital Commons. The article goes on to discuss Elsevier's strategy in broadening its business to include tools that serve researchers and universities at all stages of research and expresses concern that Elsevier may now be in a position to "tame" open access. At Science, Lindsay McKenzie reports that a study by biodata scientist Daniel Himmelstein finds that Elsevier lawsuit target Sci-Hub, the website that bypasses journal paywalls, can provide instant access to more than two-thirds of all scholarly articles, and more than 85% of all papers published in subscription journals. For some publishers, notably Elsevier, more than 97% of their catalog is available, leading Himmelstein to ask whether subscription journals can survive. The article concludes with a short interview with Himmelstein to discuss his research methods.
Scholarly Kitchen: http://bit.ly/2uH5nr4
Science: http://bit.ly/2hKa6ay

Ireland: Government plan creates "compulsory" ID card
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Digital Rights Ireland reports that the Irish government has adopted, without public consultation, a new "e-government" strategy that DRI calls "a compulsory ID card by the back door". Although the government denies the card is compulsory, it is required in order to apply for a driving license, passport, free senior travel card, or other government services. DRI says the underlying database will link the details of Irish lives across all sections of government, including education, police, and health services. No legal framework to safeguard this data from abuse has been proposed.
DRI: http://bit.ly/2uH5UJK

Machine learning powers customized malware
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At BetaNews, Anthony Spadafora reports from the hacker convention Defcon that researchers at the security company Endgame have adapted Elon Musk's OpenAI framework to customize malware so that it fools anti-virus engines, even those that are themselves powered by AI. According to Hyrum Anderson, who presented the research, the attacking code was able to get 16% of its customized samples past the security system's defenses. The key, according to Anderson, is exploiting the blind spots all machine learning models have. In a video clip from Defcon, chess grandmaster Garry Kasparov discusses what it was like playing - and losing to - IBM's Deep Blue chess-playing machine, which he describes as "as intelligent as an alarm clock" and argues that the rise of AI is not a threat to humanity.
Betanews: http://bit.ly/2vnba7m
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2vmLfg5

Google employee publishes anti-diversity "manifesto"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Gizmodo, Kate Conger reveals a ten-page anti-diversity memo circulating internally at Google, in which the unnamed author complains that the company's left-wind bias prevents it from accepting that men and women have differing biological capabilities and that these explain why women occupy only a small percentage of the company's engineering and leadership roles. The Guardian reports that in response the author has been identified and fired. At Medium, recently-departed Googler Yonatan Zunger deconstructs the memo, saying that the writer does not understand gender, engineering, or the destructive consequences of his writing. All the qualities the memo describes as "feminine", says Zunger, are the core traits that make someone successful at engineering. At The Atlantic, Ian Bogost argues that more women and minorities are needed in computing because the world being built may be much worse without them. At the Guardian, Angela Saini, author of Inferior: How Science Got Women Wrong - and the New Research That's Rewriting the Story, picks apart the scientific errors in the manifesto, but notes the support the author has received on social media.
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2upHzZA
Guardian (lawsuit): http://bit.ly/2fuivhl
Medium (Zunger): http://bit.ly/2upYI5j
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/2vjTL0Y

Syria: Bassel Khartabil executed in 2015
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that Noura Ghazi, the wife of open web advocate Bassel Khartabil, has been informed that Khartabil was executed in Syria in 2015. A leader of the open source technology movement in Syria, Khartabil was a prolific contributor to Creative Commons, Mozilla's Firefox browser, and Wikipedia, and founded Syria's first open technology lab, in Damascus. In an obit at the EFF Deeplinks blog, Danny O'Brien gives further background, stressing the breadth and depth of Khartabil's influence on topics like fair use and copyright across the Arab-speaking world. At Amnesty International, Anna Neistat calls Khartabil "a symbol of courage". Jimmy Wales and his foundation have condemned the execution.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2wv0jrZ
EFF: http://bit.ly/2vn8C99
Amnesty: http://bit.ly/2wubGAJ
Wales: http://bit.ly/2vQ7WfN

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

You are the product
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the London Review of Books, John Lanchester reviews three books: Tim Wu's latest, The Attention Merchants; Chaos Monkeys: Inside the Silicon Valley Money Machine, by Antonio García Martínez; and Jonathan Taplin's Move Fast and Break Things. In the process, Lanchester discusses the founding and inner workings of Facebook, the existential threats it may face, and the consequences to us if it continues to survive and grow. What, Lanchester asks, will these companies do when they run out of new humans to recruit as users? At Medium, Economist reporter Nicholas Barrett also reviews The Attention Merchants, focusing on its account of the last 180 years of the relationship between the media and the advertising industry. Companies like Google and Facebook try to colonize our attention; enduring quality requires the creator to seek appreciation rather than merely attention. Also at Medium, Tobias Rose-Stockwell discusses how this colonization works and the enormous changes it's bringing to our news, our politics, our global outlook, and our personal relationships. At ZDNet, Wendy M. Grossman reviews Taplin's book and finds it a one-sided account of a complex problem.
LRB: http://bit.ly/2vjOeHN
Medium (Barrett): http://bit.ly/2uGYKoT
Medium (Rose-Stockwell): http://bit.ly/2vnoUiw
ZDNet: http://zd.net/2wuzgNA

Africa: Ad-supported internet unsustainable
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Quartz Africa, Bryan Pon (Caribou Digital) and Mark Surman (Mozilla) argue that the ad-supported business model will not work in newly-connected emerging economies in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, and South Asia. Facebook, for example, earns an average quarterly revenue per user of $19.81 in the US and Canada versus $1.41 in Africa and Latin America. Those new billions of internet users' lower incomes and small data footprints make them less desirable to advertisers, and high data rates make ad-blocking near-essential. An alternative may be offering free access in return for watching video ads. At The Atlantic, Ethan Zuckerman apologizes for inventing the pop-up ad, and discusses a talk by Maciej Ceglowski while considering how we might remake the web without the endemic surveillance. In a case study from Ghana at Global Voices, Kofi Yeboah argues that holding onto the open internet and network neutrality, rather than accepting the limitations of Facebook's "Free Basics", is in Africa's best interests.
Quartz: http://bit.ly/2vk0VlX
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/2hL1gcn
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2uGXuSN

Regulating the leading technology companies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Lawfare blog posting, Peter Swire reviews the arguments for and against regulating the leading online technology companies as public utilities and suggests the closest model may be the Federal Communications Commission's rules regarding television. Given the many calls around the world for regulating hate speech and other terrorist communications, opponents will need to make considered and persuasive explanations of the flaws in these proposals. At The Conversation, Ramsi Woodcock suggests that the EU's antitrust actions against Google and Facebook are not based simply on anti-American nationalism but draw on antitrust theories that the EU has retained but the US has abandoned.
Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2vPF2wd
Conversation: http://bit.ly/2upJcGF

The domain name system and owner protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF and Public Knowledge introduce a collaborative white paper that studies which internet registries offer the best protection for domain owners. Among the pitfalls they highlight: the newer global top-level domains give brand owners veto powers via the Trademark Clearinghouse; certain registries have private deals under which they will take down websites the Motion Picture Association of America accuses of copyright infringement; some registries suspend websites selling particular kinds of products or hosting certain kinds of content; and some fail at protecting registrant privacy. These are risks that concerned ICANN Watchers Michael Froomkin, Dave Farber, and David Post during the first decade of ICANN's existence.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2upVbYO
ICANN Watch: http://bit.ly/2vjUlM1

Net Positive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page of Mozilla's "Net Positive" collection of video clips, a group of filmmakers examine the health of the internet. In HITRECORD x Firefox: Too Much Information, Joseph Gordon Levitt explores privacy and the collection of personal data, a topic he discovered when he played Edward Snowden in Oliver Stone's 2016 film. In the animated film It Should Be Easy, Ben Meinhardt shows a young man taking a technical support call from his mother ("Do computers ever hurt people?"). In Pizza Surveillance, honored by the ACLU, Micah Laaker shows the consequences of linking together myriad information sources.
Mozilla: https://mzl.la/2vQb37f

Taiwan: Scaling up civic tech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from the Personal Democracy Forum, Taiwanese digital minister and prolific open source coder Audrey Tang discusses the Taiwanese government's use of machine intelligence to spur large-scale participation in policy formation. At Civic Hall, Aaron Wytze Wilson discusses the talk with particular focus on vTaiwan, a site that gets myriad stakeholders to collaborate on formulating policy. The site, Wilson says, is a rare example of a civic technology project that has scaled to a national level. However, Taiwan's openness and participation is waning; use of vTaiwan is limited to digital economy-related issues.
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2vPxA49
Civic Hall: http://bit.ly/2wurSla


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 28 July 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

India: Supreme Court rules course packs are legal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EIFL reports that the Supreme Court of India has dismissed an appeal by the Indian Reprographic Rights Organization (IRRO) challenging an earlier judgment of Delhi High Court that ruled course packs in India are legal for educational purposes. The decision ends a five-year court battle that began when three publishers, Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press and Taylor & Francis, filed suit against the University of Delhi and Rameshwari Photocopy Service for copyright infringement. In two judgments, in September and December 2016, the court ruled that the course packs fell under section 52(1)(i) of Indian copyright law, which provides an education exemption.
EIFL: http://bit.ly/2v6zlbV

Russia cracks down on online anonymity
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that just prior to beginning its summer recess Russia's Duma passed 69 bills that include numerous censorship measures that will prohibit anonymous messaging; outlaw VPNs, proxies, and other anonymizers; and require search engines to hide links to blocked sites. In addition, services must verify user identities by requiring a phone number and prevent illegal content from being distributed on their platforms. Many of these measures correspond to President Vladimir Putin's Strategy for the Development of an Information Society, and Global Voices speculates that they may presage further restrictions. The Guardian reports that hackers are subverting Russia's attempt to control the internet by buying banned sites and inserting the details of legitimate sites into their pages, with the net result that those sites also became blocked. The result was to block the Russian search engine Yandex, banks, NTV, and LifeNews. Sarkis Darbinyan, a lawyer for the free internet-promoting RosKomSvoboda project, predicts that Russia is moving towards the presumption that everything is forbidden unless it is explicitly permitted.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2vQkj8m
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2vQe83R

US: White House asks states to transfer voter rolls
----------------------------------------------------------------------
National Public Radio's Pam Fessler reports that the White House commission studying voter fraud and other election irregularities has written to all 50 states to ask for all publicly available voter roll data to be sent to the White House by July 14. The goal is thought to be to compare the data to other government databases in order to identify non-citizens or other illegitimate registrants. The Verified Voting Foundation reports that more than ten states, including California, Kentucky, Massachusetts, New York, and Virginia, have refused to comply with the request. Others, including Connecticut, Minnesota, and Oklahoma, have said they will turn over public, but not private, information. EPIC reports that lawsuits have been filed to block the data transfer in Florida, New Hampshire, and Texas and that a group of more than 70 US Congress members have written to the Presidential Election Commission to ask it to withdraw the request immediately.
NPR: http://n.pr/2w6xgKx
Voting News: http://bit.ly/2u5csS3
EPIC (states): http://bit.ly/2vezTO3
EPIC (letter): http://bit.ly/2u4GrK3

Colombia: Court demands journalist's Facebook password
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that the judge overseeing the prosecution of Colombian investigative journalist William Solano authorized the district attorney to search Solano's Facebook account in order to identify his anonymous sources. Solano is being prosecuted for slander after writing multiple articles on administrative corruption in the district of Buga. The Colombian Foundation for Press Freedom and the Fundación Karisma have both protested the order.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2uEWul5

China: Authorities make new censorship and surveillance moves
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Radio Free Asia reports that the Xi'an municipal branch of the Cyberspace Agency has ordered ISPs to submit files to police on anyone with more than 30,000 social media followers as part of an ongoing crackdown on foreign content. Service providers have until August 15 to comply with the new rules or face the possibility of being shut down. The directive also applies to individuals residing temporarily within the city limits. The authorities have also removed a large array of overseas TV shows and video content, and issued takedown notices to two popular multimedia websites targeting young people. Global Voices reports that on July 10 residents of the Western Chinese ethnic minority region Xinjiang received a mobile phone notification from the district government instructing them to install a surveillance app called Jingwang. While the message said the app was intended to prevent them from accessing terrorist information, Global Voices cites a Radio Free Asia report that soon after installing the app ten Kazakh women were arrested for messages sent to a private WeChat group.
RFA: http://bit.ly/2v6IC3E
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2eTF3YE


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Black Code
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, Citizen Lab founder and director Ron Deibert trails the documentary Black Code, based on his book by the same name. The film is available for streaming from numerous sites and covers digital privacy and online security issues by weaving together interconnected tales from Tibet, China, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan. A posting announcing the film's screening at the Toronto International Film Festival includes excerpts from the book. Also at Citizen Lab, research fellow Jon Penney reveals the results of an investigation into who is most likely to self-censor in response to surveillance: women and younger people.
Citizen Lab (Black Code): http://bit.ly/2tKbfQS
Citizen Lab (excerpt): http://bit.ly/2tPSOOU
Citizen Lab (Penney): http://bit.ly/2u4UK10

Governance and the export of surveillance equipment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this letter, numerous NGOs including Access Now, Amnesty International, Digitale Gesellschaft, Privacy International, and Statewatch ask EU member states and institutions to respect their human rights obligations and modernize the rules governing the export of surveillance equipment to authoritarian countries around the world. Such proposals were first recommended in 2011 and are currently up for discussion within the Committee on International Trade of the European Parliament.
PI: http://bit.ly/2vQ8leY

Stopping algorithms from telling lies
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Observer article, Cathy O'Neil, author of Weapons of Math Destruction, describes four types of bad algorithms: unintentional cultural biases; neglect; nasty but legal practices; intentional design. O'Neil goes on to consider the obstacles to oversight. Now, it's a political fight; tomorrow it will be an arms race.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2h9hV99

Emotion capture technology
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE Media Policy Project, Bangor University professor Andrew McStay discusses emotion capture technology, the subject of several recent patents filed by Facebook. The company wants to use webcams and smartphone cameras to read and track our emotions and expressions. However, McStay writes, in research he conducted for a report on the rise of "emotion AI" and "empathic media" he finds that outside of games most people do not like the idea. Younger people are twice as likely to accept the idea - but even so, only 13.8% of 18-to-24-year-olds accept it and they still want meaningful control. He goes on to consider how data protection law should treat these technologies.
LSE: http://bit.ly/2vQ8vD6

Taking down dark markets
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this pair of blog postings, investigative security reporter Brian Krebs details the takedown of the dark market site Alphabay and its follow-up, in which Dutch police spent a month operating the competing Lithuania-based Hansa Market in order to both disrupt it and sweep up criminals migrating their operations. Although it's generally expected that new dark markets will arise to fill the gap, police hope that additional damage to customer trust will be done by making it too risky for criminals to reuse their previously known user IDs. The second posting is an exclusive interview discussing the operation with Dutch police team leader Petra Haandrikman. In another bit of clever digital investigation, Ars Technica reports that the key document in a corruption inquiry in Pakistan has been identified as a probable forgery because Calibri, the font used in the document, dated 2006, did not ship in a stable version of Windows until 2007.
Krebs (takedown): http://bit.ly/2uFyw9G
Krebs (interview): http://bit.ly/2v4bVEq
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2v6xrrL

Inclusive technology design
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Kate Sim and Bendert Zevenbergen discuss the interaction of technology design and the problems and threats faced by vulnerable groups such as children, women, and LGBTQ people. Despite good intentions, designers often fail to consider different contexts; technology that is harmless or beneficial to most users may be actively dangerous for others. At the New York Times, women entrepreneurs have come forward to talk to Katie Benner about the discrimination and sexual harassment they face when seeking venture capital in Silicon Valley. Zebras Unite calls for a more ethical and inclusive alternative to current start-up culture.
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2vQz8Yj
New York Times: http://nyti.ms/2v4vD38
Zebras Unite: http://bit.ly/2tJBrv1


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 9-13, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Wikimania's keynotes, hackathons, preconferences, workshops, and community-submitted talks will include sessions on the future of editing Wikipedia; outreach in Africa; library partnerships - Wikidata tools - what readers visit - communicating your work - Wikimedia's strategy - legal threats to free knowledge - Wikipedia in minority and endangered languages; Wikipedia in Iraq; medicine and emergency response; the gender gap; preventing online harassment; sounds and video; implicit bias; citations and references; the future of Wikisource and Wikiversity; real-time collaboration; global trends; leading teams; Wikidata and museums; making access affordable; the future of news; collaboration under censorship; and education.
http://bit.ly/2ujwnBA

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 July 2017
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, ProPublica.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU fines Google €2.42 billion for breaching antitrust rules
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The EU has announced that it is fining Google a record-breaking €2.42 billion for violating competition law by biasing its search results in favor of its own services. At Politico, Nicholas Hirst recounts competition commissioner Margarethe Vestager's work deciding the case and garnering support for her decision. Google is expect to appeal to the EU General Court in Luxembourg. At Freedom to Tinker, Princeton University professor Ed Felten, who was at the FTC when it decided not to prosecute a similar case in 2011-2012, compares the EU and FTC decisions. In the UK, the Guardian's John Naughton reports that the Information Commissioner's Office has issued a finding that the Royal Free Hospital Hospital violated the law in sharing 1.6 million patient records with Google's DeepMind subsidiary.
EU: http://bit.ly/2sQT23J
Politico: http://politi.co/2tJtUyu
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2vdKPqO
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ua1wGX

US: Airport authorities roll out facial recognition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Mashable reports that Customs and Border Patrol has begun scanning passengers' faces on specific flights at airports in Boston and Houston, a move that has never been authorized by the US Congress for US citizens. American Security Today reports that similar systems are being tested at Dulles (Washington, DC). KOB.com reports that JetBlue already uses facial recognition systems to identify boarding travelers, a move Delta Airlines expects to follow, beginning in Minneapolis.
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2vdfeph
KOB: http://bit.ly/2tIWyQm

W3C adopts copyright protection standard for the open web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At EFF, Cory Doctorow reports that the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has published Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) as a new standard for handling copy-protected video but rejected safeguards proposed by EFF and myriad other organizations and activists. The safeguards would have protected from prosecution users bypassing digital rights management (DRM) for legal purposes such as making EME files accessible to those with disabilities. Doctorow lists the many ways he believes the decision is damaging and suggests next steps, which include continuing to try to change the relevant law, the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, and appealing the W3C decision. In postings, W3C and Ars Technica defend the W3C's reasoning. At The Verge, Jacob Kastrenakes surveys the adverse consequences for security researchers. At EFF, Kris Erickson, Jesus Rodriguez Perez, and Swagatam Sinha, from the University of Glasgow, note that their ongoing research on the economics of DRM indicates that the market values interoperability, which DRM impedes.
EFF (decision): http://bit.ly/2ujIxua
W3C: http://bit.ly/2tJeL0c
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2ufeR0g
Verge: http://bit.ly/2ujH86Q
EFF (interoperability): http://bit.ly/2tNx8iW

New York court awards Elsevier $15 million in damages against Sci-Hub
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Private Internet Access blog, Glyn Moody reports that Elsevier has won a $15 million judgment against Alexandra Elbakyan, the Kazakh neuroscience researcher who set up Sci-Hub, which now claims to offer free access to more than 62 million science journal articles. Even though Elsevier is unlikely to be able to collect its court-awarded damages and Russia refuses to enforce US courts' rulings, the American Chemical Society has followed with its own lawsuit. Moody calls the case an indication of how broken copyright is. At her blog, Elbakyan corrects errors in Wikipedia's Sci-Hub article. At his blog, Richard Poynder summarises his paper arguing that copyright has proven an immovable barrier to the open access movement and that the movement is failing as a result. At the Guardian, Stephen Buranyi charts the profitable history of scientific publishing and asks if scientists' opposition to the status quo will bring about change.
PrivateInternetAccess: http://bit.ly/2t4gqPg
Elbakyan: http://bit.ly/2ujJQZQ
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2t4HJsS
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2tJneAy

SE Asia: Financial technology start-ups adopt alternative scoring methods
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Fintechnews Singapore reports on a list of financial technology startups in Southeast Asia, where only 27% of the region's 600 million people have a bank account. The startups depend on alternative methods of credit scoring that depend on analysing the data on the user's mobile phone, their social media profiles, or other financial relationships.
Fintechnews: http://bit.ly/2tJocwV

Facebook: Censorship rules favor white men
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a study of Facebook's censorship rules and training documents, ProPublica's Julia Angwin finds that the social media site protects white men from hate speech but not black children. The company's hundreds of rules guide decisions aboutwhat should and should not be allowed. ProPublica concludes that at least in some cases the company's rules favor elites and governments over grassroots activists and racial minorities, serving the global company's business interests. An additional complication is how the rules are applied: content reviewers typically have only a few seconds to decide on each post.
ProPublica: http://bit.ly/2uabQP5

US: Blocked Twitter users sue US President Donald Trump
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, David Kravetz reports that a handful of Twitter users, backed by the Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, are suing US President Donald Trump on the basis that he has violated their constitutional rights by blocking them from his @realDonaldTrump Twitter feed. The suit claims that Trump's Twitter feed is an official channel for the president and that blocking people for reading it and posting critical responses is a breach of the First Amendment. The suit seeks a ruling barring Trump from blocking followers as an unconstitutional restriction on their participation in a designated public forum.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2tJtF6K

China: ISPs told to block personal VPNs by February 2018
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bloomberg reports that the Chinese government has told the country's three state-run telecommunications carriers - China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Telecom - to block individuals' access to virtual private networks by February 1, 2018. VPNs are widely used by both individuals and companies wanting to bypass the Chinese firewall to access blocked information sources.
Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2uSlDXM

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Educating journalists how to spot forged document traps
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip from MSNBC's Rachel Maddow Show, host Rachel Maddow details her staff's investigation of a purportedly highly classified document received via the show's secure drop at senditotrachel.com that claimed to be a smoking-and-still-firing gun proving that Russian interference in the US election was coordinated with a named Trump campaign insider. Authenticating such a document is difficult because experts won't jeopardize their security clearance by looking at it. Maddow's team examined tell-tale details such as the document's metadata, the yellow dots printers add, subtle elements such as typos and odd spacing, and, most significantly, the mention by name of a US citizen, and concluded the document was a cut-and-paste forgery derived from the NSA classified report published by The Intercept a month ago. The real story, Maddow concludes, is that someone is shopping forged documents to lay traps for journalists seeking to report on the Russian hacking story and plant permanent doubts about all reporting on the subject. The Intercept is less impressed.
Maddow (YouTube): http://bit.ly/2tfy2D6
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2tNXIsu

Decoding the Antikythera Mechanism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this feature at the Washington Post, Sarah Kaplan discusses efforts to understand the Antikythera Mechanism, retrieved in 1901 from a shipwreck and considered to be the world's oldest computer. For the last ten years, a group of scientists have worked with X-ray scanning and imaging to understand the machine's inner workings. The machine, which was designed to predict eclipses to the day, along with the color of the moon and the weather on that day, reflects the values of the society around it.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2uSaDJO

Financial sector's "weblining" war on the sex industry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Engadget, Violet Blue examines "weblining", discriminatory practices in the financial industry that blocks access to services, including payments, to individuals and businesses in legal areas of the sex industry. Blue's list of targets includes porn performers, sex workers, independent retailers, erotic writers, and the internet's new generation of online pornographers, who are, she writes, disproportionately women and LGBT people. Companies like Paypal, Square, and WePay blame the banks and credit card companies, who call the sector "high risk" and cite vaguely-worded policies in pressuring third-party sites like Patreon to jettison these businesses. The credit card companies deny that they're involved. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation's new guidelines clarifying "high risk" for banks do not include sex.
Engadget: http://engt.co/2t4zGfF

AI's trouble with kangaroos
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Guardian, Naaman Zhou reports that Volvo's self-driving cars have trouble recognizing kangaroos because hopping confounds the way the cars' intelligence systems estimate distance. The Register reports on a Facebook research project in which two bots, set to negotiate with each other, taught themselves how to lie as a negotiating tactic. In a series of blog postings, analyst and writer Thomas Euler examines the state of AI in the field of computational creativity for the benefit of practitioners and executives in the creative industries, covering music, writing, fine arts, advertising, video and movies, and games. At Gizmodo, George Dvorsky dissects testimony IBM recently presented to Congress saying Americans have nothing to fear from AI. Dvorsky cites many experts who say there are good reasons to be alarmed.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ujKxCq
Register: http://bit.ly/2uf4bPg
Euler (1): http://bit.ly/2sQCgBD
Euler (2): http://bit.ly/2ujRaoz
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2tJi0op

Regulating the internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Charles Arthur examines the prospects for regulating the technology giants. Like climate change, the problems posed by hate speech, extremist content, online abuse, and uncrackable encryption have grown slowly over time to become global issues that can't easily be solved by any one government. Arthur concludes that as a "free zone" the internet be celebrated as well as policed, but that what needs regulation is the surveillance state. Also at the Guardian, Seth Stephens-Davidowitz summarizes the racism, gender bias, and sexual practices that surface in his studies of Google searches
Guardian (Arthur): http://bit.ly/2uS4X2u
Guardian (Stephens-Davidowitz): http://bit.ly/2ujIqPe

Smart cities and surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF discusses a proposal under consideration by the San Jose City Council to install over 39,000 "smart" streetlights, already being piloted. EFF has written to the council asking them to ensure that decisions regarding how to use the streetlights' ports for microphones and video cameras will be subject to democratic control. EFF is supporting similar efforts in Santa Clara, Oakland, Palo Alto, and the Bay Area Rapid Transit System. In 2015, CommonSpace noted similar problems with streetlamps in Glasgow, where the city council has partnered with the Israeli surveillance company NICE Systems to use the system to detect "unusual behavior".
EFF: http://bit.ly/2uRQaFd
CommonSpace: http://bit.ly/2u9WGJE


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
August 9-13, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Wikimania's keynotes, hackathons, preconferences, workshops, and community-submitted talks will include sessions on the future of editing Wikipedia; outreach in Africa; library partnerships - Wikidata tools - what readers visit - communicating your work - Wikimedia's strategy - legal threats to free knowledge - Wikipedia in minority and endangered languages; Wikipedia in Iraq; medicine and emergency response; the gender gap; preventing online harassment; sounds and video; implicit bias; citations and references; the future of Wikisource and Wikiversity; real-time collaboration; global trends; leading teams; Wikidata and museums; making access affordable; the future of news; collaboration under censorship; and education.
http://bit.ly/2ujwnBA

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

OpenCon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 11-13, 2017
Berlin, Germany
OpenCon is the conference and community for students and early career academic professionals interested in advancing Open Access, Open Education and Open Data. Applications to attend are due by August 1.
http://bit.ly/2tNZdqg

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 June 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Cracked Labs, EFF, Human Rights Data Analysis Group, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Ethiopia restores internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
AfricaNews reports that the Ethiopian government claims to have restored internet access after shutting it off between May 31 and June 8 to prevent cheating on university entrance exams. At Ezega, Seble Teweldebirhan discusses the politics of Ethiopian shutdowns: they impose considerable collateral damage in the form of financial losses, inconvenience, and delay upon many national and international organizations. Yet their use is increasing. Teweldebirhan finds that the problems with social media are exacerbated in countries that, like Ethiopia, lack strong and credible traditional media.
Africa News: http://bit.ly/2tN84r3
Ezega: http://bit.ly/2tsOmBG

EU: Court rules that internet intermediaries may be liable for user content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
TorrentFreak reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled in the case between Dutch anti-piracy outfit BREIN and Dutch ISPs Ziggo and XS4ALL that the operators of platforms play an "essential role" in making copyrighted works available and that this activity constitutes "communication to the public". By exposing them to more direct liability, the ruling is likely to force Google and YouTube to change the way they operate. In a blog posting, Andres Guadamuz, a senior lecturer in intellectual property law at the University of Sussex, worries that the court is adding potential liability for intermediaries that, if upheld by the national court, may lead to internet intermediaries being ordered to block indexing sites. Guadamuz notes that The Pirate Bay is unlikely to be affected, as the only thing reducing piracy is the consumer shift to streaming. TorrentFreak agrees, and reviews the remarkable durability of The Pirate Bay.
TorrentFreak (ruling): http://bit.ly/2rCbX1E
Guadamuz: http://bit.ly/2spK0Nf
TorrentFreak (Pirate Bay): http://bit.ly/2tN3uJx

Mexico: government spyware targets journalists, activists, and lawyers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that Mexican human rights lawyers, journalists, and anti-corruption activists have been targeted by advanced spyware that was sold to the Mexcian government on condition that it be used only to investigate criminals and terrorists. The Pegasus spyware, created by Israel's NSO Group, infiltrates mobile phones when subjects click on links in highly personalized phishing emails, monitors all aspects of their use, and turns the microphone and cameras for surveillance. The government denies it would take such actions without prior judicial authorization; however, researchers at Citizen Lab view finding NSO code on several phones belonging to Mexican journalists and activists as a clear indicator.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2sVgyjk

EU: Unified Patent Court opening slips
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that the prospective Unified Patent Court, due to open in December 2017, will be delayed due to a court action in Germany and uncertainty due to the results of the June 8 UK election. Both countries have consented to be bound by the UPC protocol but have yet to ratify the pact, which must be ratified by 13 countries including these two.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2tNvuwK

EFF seeks aid from machine learning researchers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF is calling on machine learning researchers to help it build a good single place to find the state of the art on well-specified machine learning metrics and the many problems in AI that are so hard that there are no good datasets and benchmarks to tackle them.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2sThxRu

China: Criminal gang arrested for selling Apple users' private data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the Chinese authorities have arrested 22 people under suspicion of running an underground criminal operation to steal and sell Apple users' private data. Twenty of the suspects were employees of companies that worked with Apple who allegedly used internal systems to gather the data. SupChina translates and summarizes a report from December 2016 in Gangzhou's Southern Metropolis Daily studying the illegal trade in personal information in China. Through simple mobile transactions you, too, the report says, can be Big Brother.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2rUrzNb
SupChina: http://bit.ly/2rUSg4h

German chancellor Angela Merkel calls for global internet regulations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that German chancellor Angela Merkel has said that the digital world needs regulations like those that govern trade under the WTO and financial markets in the G20. Merkel hopes to raise the issue at the G20 meeting during Germany's presidency. Buzzfeed notes that the UK's Conservative election manifesto expressed the intention to significantly extend internet regulation. Varied proposals include making it harder for people to access pornography and violent images, requiring internet companies to promote counter-extremism narratives, and force social media companies to accept a regulator's rulings or face sanctions. By contrast, the United Nations special rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression David Kaye has released a report proposing a set of principles to guide the private sector to respect human rights.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2rQkjH2
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2sq495R
UN (PDF): http://bit.ly/2rUYAsC


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Mapping corporate surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Cracked Labs' Wolfie Christl summarizes its report on corporate surveillance: who the main players are, what they can infer from the data they collect on all of us, and how they use and trade it. Besides well-known companies such as Facebook and Google, more obscure data brokers like Acxiom are stockpiling billions of consumer profiles that it combines across hundreds of data and advertising companies. New developments include Oracle's entry into the consumer data market, alongside players in many other industries, and the beginnings of real-time monitoring via data gathered by physical-world sensors.
http://crackedlabs.org/en/corporate-surveillance

Germany's intelligence reform
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this paper, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung discusses the December 2016 legal reform of German intelligence, which sets new international standards for authorization procedures now required for the surveillance of non-national data and the legal requirements for Germany's participation in international intelligence cooperation. By contrast, recent reforms in the United Kingdom or the U.S. offer no such standard for non-national data. Despite this, the reform still marks a clear victory for the Chancellery and the German security and intelligence establishment. The reform for example placed much of the BND's foreign communications data surveillance on a legal footing but did not fix the country's woefully inadequate judicial oversight system.
SNV (PDF): http://bit.ly/2rCjKwh

Gaming Google's news algorithm
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, senior Citizen Lab researcher John Scott-Railton examines sites that are gaming the health section of Google News to redirect to spam sites after discovering that approximately 50% of the news he was seeing was "odd". At The Register, Jude Karabus lays out the detail of how the system works. Given how many people rely on Google News, Karabus finds the hours-long persistence of these attacks disturbing.
Scott-Railton: http://bit.ly/2sTbHzA
Register: http://bit.ly/2sA6YQo

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------------------------------------
This page of YouTube video clips from the 2017 Personal Democracy Forum includes Kate Crawford discussing the inequality built into our machine learning and AI systems; Safiya Noble outlining her research into the oppression built into search algorithms, which began with her discovery in 2011 that the top results of online searches for "black girls" were pornographic sites; and Julie Menter's keynote arguing that in the changing landscape for funders as technologists and political activists begin to cross into each other's spheres, funders need to look for emerging grassroots leaders with direct activist experience, become less risk-averse (like venture capitalists), and letting go of funding silos and top-down control.
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2tN5T79

Predicting gun violence in Chicago
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this New York Times article, Jeff Asher and Rob Arthur reverse-engineer public data released by the Chicago Police Department to understand the proprietary (and therefore undisclosed) algorithm being used to predict who will be involved in gun violence. The writers find disparities between the data and the CPD's comments, and note that even if these risk scores are useful in predicting violence, which is not clear, their effectiveness in fighting crime is questionable. In a blog posting at ConceptNet, Rob Speer discusses the problem of bias in word vectors, numerical representations computers use to "understand" human language. ConceptNet has been attempting to "de-bias" its Numberbatch set of word vectors: computers learn to be racist and sexist from what we say - including on the porn pages that make up a substantial portion of the web. The work was partly inspired by Speer's experience with building an algorithm for sentiment analysis and discovering that when he applied it to restaurant reviews Mexican restaurants scored poorly even though people do like Mexican food. At net.wars, Wendy M. Grossman interviews Patrick Ball, technical director of the Human Rights Data Analysis Group, about why and how profoundly these systems fail at fairness.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2spSLqy
ConceptNet: http://bit.ly/2sV16DI
net.wars: http://bit.ly/2rBT9PT

The Facebook of the elite
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, Share Lab maps the interconnections of Facebook's top executives and board members to political parties, competitor organizations where they previously worked, and the US universities where they obtained their degrees. The study finds that Facebook's leadership is drawn from the small minority of existing US political, social, and economic elites rather than expanding its diversity to reflect the gender, culture, and race of its global, or even its American, market.
Share Labs: http://bit.ly/2tsUw51


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Workshop on the Economics of Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

WikiCon 2017
----------------------------------------
September 8-10, 2017
Leipzig, Germany
The meeting of German-language Wikipedia, its sibling projects, and anyone who is interested in free knowledge. WikiCon will provide space for workshops, lectures, and panel discussions to be designed in collaboration with its participants.
http://bit.ly/2spC6Dp

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 24-26, 2018
The theme of the 11th edition of CPDP is the "Internet of Bodies". Data collection increasingly focuses on the physical body. Bodies are increasingly connected, digitized, and informatized. In turn, the data extracted is reassembled in ways that give rise to significant questions - challenging fundamental assumptions about where the corporeal ends and the informational begins. Biometrics, genetic data processing and the quantified self are only some of the trends and technologies reaching into the depths of our bodies. Emerging technologies such as human enhancement, neural implants, and brain wave technology look likely to soon become a daily reality.
http://bit.ly/2sSQ02x

RightsCon
----------------------------------------
May 16-18, 2018
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
RightsCon has become one of the world's largest gatherings on human rights and technology, and it's people like you that make it an engine for change. The 2018 event is staged in Canada for a conversation built on the principles of diversity, inclusion, and respect.
http://bit.ly/2rR0IX3


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
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================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 9 June 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman. 

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, Data & Society, Karisma Foundation.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Colombia: Biologist cleared of criminal copyright charges 
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Right to Research Coalition reports that a Colombian court has cleared biologist Diego Gómez Hoyos of criminal charges of violating copyright by posting a scientist's 2006 thesis on amphibian taxonomy to the online platform Scribd to aid other students. The author sued in 2014, while Gómez was still a master's degree student. Nature reports that the prosecutor has appealed the decision to the Tribunal de Bogota. If found guilty, under Colombian copyright law Gómez could face up to eight years in prison and significant fines. Colombian copyright law was reformed in 2006 to meet the requirements of a free-trade deal with the United States. The Columbia human rights group Karisma Foundation had launched the Sharing Is Not a Crime campaign in support of Gomez when he was first charged.
Right to Research: http://bit.ly/2rVRQye
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2sEafxs
Karisma: http://bit.ly/2qXm2FX

Russian hackers use "tainted leaks" to spread disinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Wired, Andy Greenberg reports that a Citizen Lab study of leaked documents finds that Russian hackers altered documents within releases of hacked material in order to plant disinformation - "falsehoods in a forest of facts" - a technique Citizen Lab has dubbed "tainted leaks". Citizen Lab studied an extensive Russia-linked phishing and disinformation campaign with hundreds of targets in government, industry, military and civil society. Those targets include a large list of high profile individuals from at least 39 countries (including members of 28 governments), as well as the United Nations and NATO. Although there are many government, military, and industry targets, the Citizen Lab report provides further evidence of the often-overlooked targeting of civil society in cyber espionage campaigns.  Civil society -- including journalists, academics, opposition figures, and activists -- comprise the second largest group (21%) of targets, after government.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2qX3fL0
Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2sE1CD7

IBM's Watson largely matches doctors' diagnoses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Pharmaphorum reports that IBM data shows that the company's Watson AI matches doctors' recommendations from 43% to 96% of the time. Studies in Bangkok, Bangalore, and Incheon, South Korea find varying rates of concordance for different types of cancer and treatment guidelines. The studies suggest that while Watson may be useful to speed up diagnosis it cannot yet improve upon doctors' decisions. The Bangkok Post reports on the state of efforts to deploy Watson and other AI systems in Thailand. The New York Times asks if China is outsmarting the US in AI.
Pharmaphorum: http://bit.ly/2sU1df4
Bangkok Post: http://bit.ly/2rMv8GL
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2r6htZk

Peru: Ministry of the Interior's "Watchitaxi" app 
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports on the problems with Watchitaxi, an app released and promoted by the Peruvian Ministry of the Interior with the stated intention of improving security for people using taxis. Access Now praises the Ministry's good intentions, but finds numerous problems with the app: it is insufficiently transparent about how the Ministry will use and store the data it collects and it protects physical, but not cyber security. Access Now suggests that all government-endorsed apps should be open source and should be forced to respect fundamental human rights.
Access Now (Spanish): http://bit.ly/2r2SZos
English (Googls): http://bit.ly/2s4HSeM

Uber adopts "route-based pricing"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bloomberg reports that Uber has adopted a new pricing system that uses machine learning and its customer data to charge what it believes customers will pay. Called "route-based pricing", the system, in part intended to allay investors' fears that the company will never become profitable, has also increased the gap between what customers pay and what drivers earn. In 2012, Edward Hasbrouck discussed the issue of personalized pricing with respect to airlines: it is, he argues, opaque and filled with the potential for discriminatory practices. 
Bloomberg: https://bloom.bg/2sEAxja
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2sgufZA

Africa: Summit calls for end to internet shutdowns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The fifth Africa Internet Summit in Nairobi, Kenya reports that six pan-African internet organizations - AFRINIC, AFTLD, AFNOG, AFREN, Africa CERT, and ISOC Africa - are calling on African governments to renounce the use of internet shutdowns as policy tool. This includes shutdowns of specific social media sites and apps. The organizations offer to work with governments to find better solutions that do not hurt citizens' fundamental rights while protecting the internet's stability, resilience, and openness. 
Africa Summit: http://bit.ly/2qWY1Pv

Norwegian Consumer Council requests project suggestions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Norwegian Consumer Council asks visitors to suggest and/or vote for the product or service it should study next. In the past, it has found security vulnerabilities in the My Friend Cayla doll and conducted a staged reading of all the terms and conditions that apply to an iPhone and an average collection of apps. Suggestions to date include Google for Education, the Runkeeper app, and smart TVs.
NCC: http://bit.ly/2r2t9AZ


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

How Twitter is being gamed to provide misinformation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for the New York Times, Farhad Manjoo examines Twitter's role in turning raw political messaging and disinformation into cable-ready news. More people use Facebook and Google, but Twitter is where journalists meet and pick up stories. Twitter's armies of bots catalyze this process, and undermine confidence in everything we see online. The article cites Alice Marwick, author of Data & Society's recent report on online media manipulation. At TechCrunch, Jon Evans writes that "Facebook is broken", and says that when "engagement" is the metric content will inevitably be selected for the shocking and outrageous. 
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2rBPAf8
Data & Society (PDF): http://bit.ly/2sgwkoD
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2rM7omk

The internet's role in recruiting women and children to terrorism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the VOX-Pol project, Carola García-Calvo discusses the role of the internet in radicalizing Spanish women. In García-Calvo's study of people arrested in Spain for activities related to terrorism, more than half of the women (55.6%) were radicalized purely online as opposed to only 30.8% of men; among men, mixed offline and online recruitment predominates (46.2%) versus 27.8% of women, with pure face-to-face recruitment accounting for 23.1% of men and 16.7% of women. Among online media, social media was used for 93.3%, followed by messenger applications (80%) and, finally, forums and blogs (20%). García-Calvo notes that a striking part of online recruitment is the influence exerted by people perceived to be women's peers. In a report, the Carter Center studies the recruitment methods used by Daesh to attract marginalized youth. A key aspect is including children in recruitment videos, showing them providing support as spies, members of sleeper cells, and even suicide bombers. The National Academy of Sciences has published a report summarizing a September 2016 workshop exploring countering extremism through public health practice.
VOX-Pol: http://bit.ly/2qXql49
Carter Center: http://bit.ly/2sEG6hM
NAS: http://bit.ly/2sEokeg

UK: Inside the Tories' social media campaign blitz
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Buzzfeed article, Jim Waterson studies data obtained from the Who Tracks Me service and estimates that millions of people have seen narrowly targeted Facebook ads paid for by the UK's Conservative Party in a strategy similar to that used by the Trump campaign. Some are purely negative messages about Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn; others promote Conservative leader Theresa May. Because paid online advertising is hard to track, Buzzfeed argues that the strategy bypasses the UK's laws about campaign spending. The Intercept reports that it has independently authenticated a top-secret NSA report detailing a Russian cyber-attack on at least one US voting software supplier days before the 2016 election. In a video clip and live blog summary at ReCode, Kara Swisher and Walt Mossberg conduct a lengthy interview with Hillary Clinton. She discusses the election, the Republicans' $100 million data platform, the use of bots and narrowly targeted false messaging, ongoing Russian interference in US politics, fake news, and the role of misogyny in politics. Clinton warns that false messaging and propaganda are ongoing threats to democracy.
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2sE1yTL
Recode: http://bit.ly/2rVTxvt
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2sgw9cM

Using machine learning to sort two metric tons of Lego
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, technical consultant Jacques Mattheij discusses a recent project, in which he bought two metric tons of Legos and used machine learning to build an automated system to sort them into more than 50 bins. Mattheij recounts the difficulties he encountered, explains the details of the neural network he created in Python, and provides video clips of the working system.
Mattheij: http://bit.ly/2sU1Fu1

Seeking democratic online engagement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at MIT Technology Review, Tom Simonite discusses Pol.is, a company seeking to turn online interactions into a positive force for democracy via data visualizations and crowdsourcing. In Taiwan, the company's open source survey tool helped break a six-year stalemate over how to regulate online alcohol sales. In Denmark, the progressive political party Alternativet is piloting Pol.is to give its members a more direct influence over party policy. Graham Smith, director of the Centre for the Study of Democracy at the University of Westminster, praises the results so far, but says many more tests are needed, particularly to see how Pol.is stands up to efforts to subvert it.
Technology Review: http://bit.ly/2rMrr3P


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Workshop on the Economics of  Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict. 
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals". 
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government. 
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of  #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online. 
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields. 
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 26 May 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, EFF.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

India compels biometrics for 1.3 billion residents
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The LA Times reports that as part of its program to issue identity numbers (Aadhaar) to its 1.3 billion residents, India is making biometrics mandatory for all e-government projects. The Aadhaar has become increasingly essential, even for children seeking schooling, despite a 2015 Supreme Court ruling that the government could not require it for any benefit to which a person was entitled providing their could prove their identity by some other means. The Supreme Court is now hearing a case disputing the government's right to compel the production of biometric data. The Centre for Internet and Society, cited in the story, has found that 135 million Aadhaar numbers have been published insecurely on the web by federal and state agencies.
http://lat.ms/2qQEked

US: Trump administration removes data from public view
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Washington Post, Juliet Eilperin reports that the Trump administration is hiding away or limiting access to a wide variety of information that until recently has been provided to the public, including information about workplace violations, energy efficiency, and animal welfare abuses. Among other changes: the White House has ceased publishing visitor logs and removed websites and other material supporting Obama policies that the present administration has dropped such as websites providing scientific information about climate change. In protest against the disappearance of this material from the Environmental Protection Agency, Chicago officials have reposted the site as it appeared. The number of data sets available to the public has dropped from 195,245 to just under 156,000.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2ryZdfo

Germany passes Network Enforcement Law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Foreign Affairs, Heidi Tworek reports that the German Bundestag has passed the Network Enforcement - Law ("Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz"), which allows the government to fine social media companies up to €50 million if they do not remove illegal content or hate speech within 24 hours of receiving a complaint. Digitale Gesellschaft, Wikimedia Deutschland, the Internet Society, and the Federal Association of German Startups have opposed the law's privatization of law enforcement. German Justice Minister Heiko Maas hopes to expand this approach to all of Europe. Digitale Gesellschaft reports that it has initiated a broad alliance of economic associations, civil society organizations, network policy associations and legal experts, who are jointly calling for a declaration of freedom of expression to stop the project. EDRi reports that proposals from the European Commission require internet companies to proactively search for illegal content without specifying who should assess whether the content is illegal. The Guardian reports the contents of leaked files showing Facebook's guidelines for assessing posted content for sex, terrorism, and violence.
Foreign Affairs: http://fam.ag/2ryZUW2
Digitale Gesellschaft: http://bit.ly/2ryEtEE
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2rPkvCK
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2qOu3zx
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qUQaoq

UK: Police charge activist under terrorism law for refusing to disclose passwords
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Motherboard reports that the UK's Metropolitan Police have formally charged Muhammad Rabbani, director of the human rights group Cage, for refusing to give up his phone and computer passwords when crossing the UK border in 2016. According to the Guardian, Cage is building a legal case around alleged torture involving the US intelligence agencies, and the material on Rabbani's laptop was privileged. Cage estimates that about 30,000 British nationals were detained last year under Section 7 of the Terrorism Act 2000, with only five eventually arrested.
https://motherboard.vice.com/en_us/article/uk-police-charge-activist-under-terrorism-law-for-refusing-to-hand-over-passwords
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qfa5Lu

Sweden drops investigation of Julian Assange
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that while Sweden has dropped its investigation of allegations of rape against him, Wikileaks founder Julian Assange has said that "the proper war is just commencing". Prosecutor Marianne Ny said prosecutors had concluded that all possibilities of pursuing the investigation under the present conditions had been exhausted, though she added that if Assange were to "make himself available" in future the investigation could be resumed. At The Intercept, Glenn Greenwald argues that statements made by the Trump administration show that Assange is still in "serious legal jeopardy".
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2rgtBLN
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2qV5qzB

MP3 freed from patent protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Hindu, Meenakshi R. reports that the Fraunhofer Institute, which originally developed the MP3 format, has ended the licensing program for "certain MP3-related patents and software" as of April 23, 2017 as some patents have expired. While many headlines have described the decision as the "death of MP3", the format remains very popular, though state-of-the-art services use more recent codecs such as AAC. Gizmodo reports that Swedish historian and researcher Rasmus Fleischer is writing a book that will allege that early versions of the streaming service Spotify depended on "pirate" MP3s found on the internet.
Hindu: http://bit.ly/2rSGTtW
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2qj5cAp

Google Play Store allows developers to bar user-modified devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Android Police reports that the latest version of Google's Play Store enables developers to selectively block their apps from appearing in search results from three categories of devices based on whether they are certified by Google or pass integrity checks. Android Police also reports that the first app known to have taken advantage is Netflix, although the app works if it's been installed. In a press release the company explained that because its latest release relies on Google's WideVine digital rights management (DRM) it is blocking altered or not-certified devices - which means devices whose owners have modified the operating system or are using emulators. At BoingBoing, Cory Doctorow connects this development to Netflix's efforts to drive the W3C's adoption of web-scale DRM, and notes the inherent contradiction of calling a device "rooted" (that is, under the user's complete control) when users can't instruct it to pretend it passes the integrity check.
Android Police (blocking): http://bit.ly/2qj5HdD
Android Police (Netflix): http://bit.ly/2rPkejc
BoingBoing: http://bit.ly/2qUrZ9p


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

How Google takes over the classroom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the New York Times, Natasha Singer asks whether the low-cost laptops and free software Google is supplying to public schools will provide the company with data that supports future profiling when these children become adults. EFF, which has been campaigning on this subject for some time, estimates that approximately one-third of American students use school-issued digital devices, and supplies case studies illustrating the privacy issues they raise. Africa News reports that under a deal with Microsoft, Rwandan students will begin using "smart classrooms" by the end of 2017.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2rgn2IS
EFF: http://bit.ly/2rz0jaJ
Africa News: http://bit.ly/2qUTOhI

The cost of software security
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, written after the worldwide WannaCry ransomware attack that exploited millions of computers across the world running unpatched Windows XP, Columbia University security professor Steven M. Bellovin considers the problem of who should pay for security patches to legacy software. Failing the adoption of alternatives, we all pay as a society for security failures. In a separate posting, he discusses why patching is hard. The Financial Times reports that Microsoft has begun a system of charging more for extra security support for its top-of-the-line version of Windows 10. The Hill discusses the NSA's role in stockpiling exploits for its own use rather than disclosing them to protect the public.
Bellovin (who pays): http://bit.ly/2rSVHZL
Bellovin (patching): http://bit.ly/2rPaup3
FT: http://on.ft.com/2qVbiZo
Hill: http://bit.ly/2qasoFz

Proposing public service social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Atlantic, Ethan Zuckerman suggests that a solution to today's polarized media landscape and the right's "hermetically sealed" echo chamber might be public social media along the lines of public service broadcasters like those in the UK, Canada, and Germany. In a blog posting cross-posted to InfoWars, Ethan Ralph calls Zuckerman "one of Soros's top thugs" and describes the proposal as "wanting Big Brother".
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/2qayF46
Infowars: http://bit.ly/2qVevIy

AI and the future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast at Data & Society, Eric Horvitz, a technical fellow and director at Microsoft Research, discusses the societal and technological complications of using AI, covering such issues as biased data, transparency, attacks on AI systems, and employment. He discusses current research and compares today's predictions about AI to predictions made in 1899 about the future of electricity and life in 2000.
Data & Society: http://bit.ly/2qfgsyt

Challenges and opportunities for smart cities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting from the LSE Media Policy Project, Visiting Fellows Jonny Shipp and Dr Ionanna Nicola discuss the challenges and opportunities for smart cities. Digitization is making municipal processes less transparent, while the budget cuts imposed on many city councils make it hard to respond thoughtfully. The rapid pace of development of private services means that the public interest is often not fully considered or represented, and the companies involved claim ownership of the data, which they then analyze and try to sell back to the cities. For city administrations, the focus should be citizens, not just users. The South China Morning Post describes life in ZTE's flagship smart city, Yinchuan, a community of 2 million people situated on the edge of the Gobi Desert. IT News Africa reports that Rwanda
LSE: http://bit.ly/2rAQdXe
SCMP: http://bit.ly/2rPmuad

Uber versus Waymo
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at BusinessInsider, Biz Caron explains Google spin-out Waymo's ongoing lawsuit for patent infringement and intellectual property theft against Uber. Both companies hope to dominate the huge upcoming market for autonomous vehicles. Waymo claims that Uber has benefited from information about Waymo's Lidar vision system that was contained in more than 14,000 documents copied by its former engineer, Anthony Levandowski before he left to found Otto, a startup focused on self-driving trucks. Uber acquired Otto in mid-2016, but claims never to have seen the information in the files. A win for Waymo could derail Uber's automation plans. At CNet, Dara Kerr reports on the hearings: while it appears clear that Levandowski downloaded the files, there seems to be little evidence that Uber used any of the information. The Guardian reports that the judge is allowing Uber to continue with its project but that the company must keep Levandowski away from work involving Lidar; Uber has threatened to fire the engineer if he does not return the documents, as required by the court order.
BI: http://read.bi/2qj1MO2
CNet: http://cnet.co/2qfmmj5
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2qUN8Aw


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Workshop on the Economics of Security
----------------------------------------
June 26-28
San Diego, California, US
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/2rgk8Ej

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Summit on Internet Freedom in Africa
----------------------------------------
September 27-29, 2017
Johannesburg, South Africa
This event convenes various stakeholders from the internet governance and online rights arenas in Africa and beyond to deliberate on gaps, concerns and opportunities for advancing the right to privacy, access to information, free expression, non-discrimination, and the free flow of information online.
http://bit.ly/2rVMH6c

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 May 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Open Rights Group.

Master's Degree program in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Barcelona-based Universitat Pompeu Fabra has announced that pre-enrollment has opened for a Master's Degree course in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture, taught in Spanish and organized by the multidisiciplinary artist and activist Simona Levi and the non-profit activist platform Xnet. The goal is to train active agents to work with new models of strategic action, versatile actors who can bring into being new forms of organisation and initiatives, who are able to work with them and lead sectors that transform, and are in the process of being transformed.
http://bit.ly/2oQs7D4

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Austria: Court orders global removal of Facebook hate speech postings
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that an Austrian court has ruled that Facebook must remove - globally - postings deemed as hate speech. The case was brought by the country's Green party over postings that insulted its leader. The ruling is one of a number of moves made by European legislators to curb hate speech and incitement to violence online. Last month, Germany's cabinet approved a plan to fine social networks up to €50 million if they fail to remove postings quickly. The Open Rights Group reports that in the UK the dissolution of Parliament was marked by the release of a partial report from the disbanding Home Affairs Select Committee that branded social media companies as irresponsible for not doing more to proactively remove extremist material.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2q9H5XR
ORG: http://bit.ly/2qbMXOS

UK: Global operation influenced the EU referendum vote
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In the Observer, Carole Cadwalladr reports that the EU referendum was influenced by a shadowy global operation involving big data and billionaire friends of US President Donald Trump, and asks whether the upcoming British general election is safe from interference. At the heart of Cadwalladr's investigation is a Canadian web analytics company, AggregateIQ, which, invoices uploaded by the Electoral Commission show, was paid more by the Vote Leave campaign than any other company in any other campaign in the entire referendum. Cadwalladr concludes that Britain in 2017 looks increasingly like a "'managed democracy" leading the way into a "brave, new, increasingly undemocratic world".
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2r8pBcP

China: New rules require licensing to use social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that China's State Council Information Office has released new regulations that increase restrictions on news reporting and require individuals to submit real identity information when subscribing to a news information service. Internet news services that use websites, apps, forums, blogs, microblogs, mobile public platforms such as WeChat, instant messaging, and livecasting are required to obtain permits from the Internet News Information Unit. Sources quoted in the story believe that the purpose of targeting readers is to stop anonymous comments on social media news threads. The regulation comes into effect in June 1. The US's ABC News reports that China is also building its own 300,000-entry online encyclopedia written by hand-picked scholars and experts, which the public will not be allowed to edit.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2pEKwlJ
ABC: http://abcn.ws/2r8S0zI

Turkey: Government blocks Wikipedia under security law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that a Turkish court has rejected an appeal by Wikipedia against a government decision to block access to all language editions of the online encyclopedia. Earlier, Reuters had reported that the Turkish BTK telecommunications watchdog instituted the ban on April 29, citing a law allowing it to ban access to websites deemed obscene or a threat to national security. The ban was originally detected by the Turkey Blocks monitoring site.
Reuters (court): http://reut.rs/2r6YQoe
Reuters (ban): http://reut.rs/2r8DoAk
Turkey Blocks: http://bit.ly/2pr31zb

France: Hackers try to orchestrate a win for National Front's Marine Le Pen
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Daily Beast reports that two days before the May 7 French presidential election someone dumped 9GB of emails and documents supposedly taken from the Emmanuel Macron campaign to 4Chan, from where they were republished by Wikileaks. With minimal time left before the 48-hour pre-election campaign blackout began, the Macron campaign issued a statement saying it had been hacked and that many of the leaked documents were fakes. Mounir Mahjoubi, the head of Macron's digital team, told The Daily Beat that part of Macron's campaign strategy was to sign on to the phishing pages and plant bogus and conflicting information. At BuzzFeed, Zeynep Tufecki defended the right to privacy of the people in the emails, and advised French reporters that they should not allow the dump to distract them from reporting on more important issues, both before and after the election. Rather allowing the hackers to lead the story by debunking - and thereby repeating - false stories, she says, aggressively report on the misinformation campaign itself, and dig into its origins. BuzzFeed reports that a crucial reason for the failure of attempts to use similar tactics to those of the US presidential election to orchestrate a win for Le Pen was that no one on 4Chan knew French. The National Front memes that poured onto Twitter were in English and ignored differences in French culture, so the French media didn't pick up the fake stories - and few in France use Facebook. An investigation published by Le Monde demonstrates that the dissemination of "MarconLeaks" was organized by the extreme right wing of the United States  - with astonishing detail.
Daily Beast: http://thebea.st/2q9Ucs7
Buzzfeed (Tufecki): http://bzfd.it/2qzpk5N
Buzzfeed (4Chan): https://www.buzzfeed.com/ryanhatesthis/how-the-american-far-right-tired-and-failed-to-hijack-the
Le Monde: http://lemde.fr/2pFtg0L

Netherlands: Open access requirement blocks researchers from Oxford journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Times Higher Education Supplement reports that academics in Dutch universities have lost access to journals published by Oxford University Press after 18 months of talks about subscription prices failed to reach agreement. The Association of Universities in the Netherlands (VSNU) has set a mandate to achieve 100% open access publishing by 2020. In mid-February, Science Magazine reported that Elsevier had restored access for German researchers after blocking them for more than a month; negotiations continued.
THES: http://bit.ly/2r6Uj5w


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

New antitrust rules for the data economy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist argues that network effects mean that the rise of data as a more valuable resource than oil requires a new approach to antitrust rules. Rather than consider a company's overall size, regulatory authorities need to consider the extent of its data assets; this rule would have sounded the alarm over Facebook's acquisition of revenue-less WhatsApp. Second, regulators should redress the balance of power between online service providers and those who supply their data (that is, us). As part of this rule, greater transparency over the data held and the money it brings in would be helpful, as would governments opening up their own data and managing crucial parts of the data economy as public infrastructure (the article cites India's Aadhaar digital identity system as an example).
Economist: http://econ.st/2pEvVqy

The lives of Google raters
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Ars Technica, Annalee Newitz studies the working lives of Google's thousands of "raters", who test that the company's algorithms correctly deliver search results and personalization features. The recent withdrawal of advertisers who found their ads placed inside extremist YouTube videos led Google to announce it would use its raters' efforts to rectify the situation. The raters work from home for contractors such as Leapforce; meet only virtually, and are assigned tasks via the company's "Raterhub" at rates predetermined by Google. Raters must pass rigorous exams on the company's 160-page book of guidelines, and require frequent (often unpaid) retraining; their work is randomly spot-checked by bots. The ten raters who spoke to Newitz say the job is meaningful, integral to Google, and pays $13.50 to $17.40 an hour, comfortably above US minimum wage. On April 3, Newitz reports, LeapForce abruptly notified its raters that their hours per week would be limited to 26 as of June 1, a change that appears to be due to US law regarding healthcare benefits and opens up questions about who exactly employs them. The article concludes by quoting UCLA professor Sarah Roberts, who after five years of studying the lives of raters concludes that although Google likes to boast about its AI, "Actually, their AIs are people in the Philippines".
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2qz5jfC

Profile of Richard Stallman
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this candid and lengthy profile of MacArthur award-winner and free software pioneer Richard Stallman at Psychology Today, Matthew Hutson discusses Stallman's unyielding philosophical objections to proprietary software and surveillance, along with the origins of the open source movement and Stallman's efforts to "save us from a software industry he considers predatory in ways we've yet to imagine".
Psychology Today: http://bit.ly/2pEv1dM

YouTube economics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this New York Times article, Sapna Maheshwari recounts the story of US ghost hunter Tim Wood, whose monthly $6,000 income from YouTube in 2016 has plummeted since major advertisers began pulling their ads to stop them from showing up on videos promoting hate speech and terrorism. Wood has failed to get useful help from YouTube product managers. Maheshwari notes that there are many such stories involving YouTube personalities with small but engaged audiences such as comedians, LGBTQ advocates, and political commentators - essentially injured in the crossfire between Google and its customers. In a video clip, EEVblog owner and Australian engineer David L. Jones explains in detail the finances of his YouTube channel and the mechanics of the statements he receives. Jones, who became a full-time YouTuber in 2011, uses his channel to teach electronics by tearing down and rebuilding various pieces of equipment. He makes approximately $40,000 a year from advertising on his channel, which he supplements with a Patreon page, blog, website, community forum, and online shop.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2q9NzpK
EEVblog (YouTube): http://bit.ly/2pFvJrS

Facebook advertising and targeting depressed teens
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that The Australian has obtained an internal report produced by Facebook executives that outlines the company's data analytics capabilities to advertisers. According to The Australian, the document describes how the social network monitors posts and photos in real time and uses the gathered data to identify teenagers' moods. In a follow-up opinion piece, former Facebook executive Antonio Garcia-Martinez says that Facebook will never try to limit this kind of use of the company's data unless public uproar forces it to.
Guardian (report): http://bit.ly/2r72NcF
Guardian (Garcia-Martinez): http://bit.ly/2qzfbWu

How discrimination against women killed the British computer industry
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast from Data and Society, Marie Hicks, assistant professor of technology history at the Illinois Institute of Technology, discusses research from her new book, Programmed Inequality: How Britain Discarded Women Technologists and Lost Its Edge in Computing (MIT Press, 2017). Over the 30 years from the 1940s to the 1970s, she argues, structural discrimination against women destroyed Britain's global lead in electronic computing. She explains the mechanics of the "gender flip" that saw the early female-dominated computer industry turn predominantly male and says the story provides lessons for all post-industrial superpowers, including the US.
Data & Society: http://bit.ly/2q8wAVf


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Transform Africa Summit 2017
----------------------------------------
May 12-12, 2017
Kigali, Rwanda
ICT experts from across Africa and beyond will convene to discuss the transformation of Africa using the power of technology. The forum will include side events such as the Smart Women Summit and the Africa Smart Cities forum, which is backed by 11 African countries.
http://bit.ly/2pqHvJF

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

Transparency Camp
----------------------------------------
May 22, 2017
Phoenix, Arizona
The Sunlight Foundation and the Arizona Center for Investigative Reporting, Galvanize, and the Arizona Institute for Digital Progress are teaming up to present Tcamp 2017, an un-conference that will bring together the government, developer and journalist communities to discuss and solve problems relating to making government data open and accessible to the public.
http://bit.ly/2oXkH4t

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

#CivicTechFest 2017
----------------------------------------
September 10-16. 2017
Taipei, China
Asia's first-ever civic technology festival and conference, #CivicTechFest" will feature a series of forums, workshops, roundtables, conferences, and hackathons related to open data and open government.
http://bit.ly/2q9xali

TICTeC@Taipei
----------------------------------------
Expanding from its annual conference in Florence in April, mySociety's annual conference, TICTeC, which focuses on the impacts of civic technology, will provide two days of sessions as part of #CivicTechFest.
http://bit.ly/2qbx3Uq

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

ORGcon 2017
----------------------------------------
November 4, 2017
London, UK
ORGCon is the UK's biggest digital rights conference. This year's theme is: The Digital Fightback.
http://bit.ly/2prFqye


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 28 April 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq.

PROGRAM NEWS
==============

Master's Degree program in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Barcelona-based Universitat Pompeu Fabra has announced that pre-enrollment has opened for a Master's Degree course in fundamental rights, technopolitics, and digital culture, taught in Spanish and organized by the multidisiciplinary artist and activist Simona Levi and the non-profit activist platform Xnet. The goal is to train active agents to work with new models of strategic action, versatile actors who can bring into being new forms of organisation and initiatives, who are able to work with them and lead sectors that transform, and are in the process of being transformed.
http://bit.ly/2oQs7D4

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales announces plan to fight fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that Wikipedia founder Jimmy Wales is launching a new online publication, Wikitribune, "news by the people and for the people". The site will rely on collaboration between professional journalists, who will be paid by raising money through a crowdfunding campaign, and citizen volunteers. Journalists will be expected to share full transcripts, audio, and video of interviews; community contributors will provide extra material and fact-checking. Wales notes that fake news has had little-to-no impact on the Wikipedia community. The site goes live on April 25 and is free to access.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2pDzLEI
Wikipedia: http://bit.ly/2oNBD91

India adopts British Internet Watch Foundation blocklist
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Sputnik News reports that the Indian government has asked the nation's ISPs to adopt the UK Internet Watch Foundation's blocklist of sites hosting child abuse images. Indian ISPs, like their British counterparts, will have to pay a fee to access the list. After the Supreme Court directed ISPs to address pornography, especially child pornography, India banned about 850 websites in 2015. The hotline India set up in September 2016 received 426 public complaints over the course of six months. According to its website, the IWF provides international reporting portals for a number of other countries that lack their own, including Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, and Uganda.
Sputnik News: http://bit.ly/2qjTwxx
IWF: http://bit.ly/2pqEkld

AI beats humans at poker
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The BBC reports that an AI program called Lengpudashi has beaten a team of six human poker players led by amateur champion Yue Du at Texas Hold'em in an exhibition match staged in Hainan, China. The human "Team Dragon" was composed of engineers, computer scientists, and investors, who relied on game theory and their knowledge of machine intelligence. Lengpudashi and its predecessor, Libratus, was written by Carnegie-Mellon computer science professor Tuomas Sandholm and PhD student Noam Brown and runs on a supercomputer in Pittsburgh. In January, Libratus beat four of the world's best poker professionals in a 20-day game. Poker, unlike Go or chess, is an "imperfect information game" in which success depends on strategy and the ability to both bluff and spot others bluffing.
BBC: http://bbc.in/2pDOgIZ

Global South calls on Tim Berners-Lee to stop digital colonialism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Telesur reports that the Just Net Coalition, a network of internet accessibility activists from the Global South formed in New Delhi, India, in 2014, has sent an open letter to Tim Berners-Lee, asking him to stop accepting Encrypted Media Extensions, which they say is being installed without users' consent and blocks people in the Global South from accessing the same internet features available to those in North America and Europe. In addition, EME blocks those using open source multimedia software, which is used by most users in most Global South countries. The group also wants Berners-Lee to stop corporate interests from privatizing the internet by coopting the W3C. The letter remains open for endorsements until April 27.
Telesur: http://bit.ly/2pqGcKx
Just Net Coalition: http://bit.ly/2pmk6H5
Open letter (PDF): http://bit.ly/2oB6mLi

US: Trump administration endorses arresting Julian Assange
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that US attorney general Jeff Sessions has said that the arrest of Wikileaks founder Julian Assange is now a "priority". Bringing charges could lead to an extradition request; however British authorities believe the UK has a prior legal obligation to extradite Assange to Sweden under the European arrest warrant. The Independent reports that US President Donald Trump has called arresting Assange "OK with me". Gizmodo notes earlier Trump statements: he called Wikileaks "disgraceful" in 2010 but publicly proclaimed at a rally in October 2016 that "I love Wikileaks". In the Guardian Trevor Timm argues that prosecuting Wikileaks would endanger the future of US journalism because every newspaper has at some point published classified information and the US administration would be unlikely to stop with prosecuting Assange. At her Emptywheel blog, Marcy Wheeler reviews the coverage and suggests that the Department of Justice wants to cut away at the First Amendment.
Guardian (arrest): http://bit.ly/2oNvLwR
Guardian (journalism): http://bit.ly/2qbpXPu
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2oQkmgy
Wheeler: http://bit.ly/2oB6Xwz

Burger King ad targets Google Home devices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that Burger King ran a 15-second TV ad that featured a man in a Burger King uniform leaning forward and saying, "OK, Google. What is the Whopper burger", intending that Google Home devices would begin reading out Wikipedia's Whopper entry. A few hours after the ad launched, the devices ceased responding. Australia's News Channel 9 reports that it took annoyed human users less time than that to begin editing the Wikipedia page to redefine the Whopper as being made of cyanide, toenail clippings, and rat meat.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2pDVY5A
Channel 9: http://bit.ly/2oNwT3z


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

US: Political polarization is not about social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Vox, Ezra Klein discusses a new study released through the National Bureau of Economic Research that finds that social media is not the primary cause of increased political polarization in American politics. Using data from the American National Election Survey, researchers Levi Boxell, Matthew Gentzkow, and Jesse Shapiro compared young voters, 80% of whom used social media in 2012, and older voters, only 20% of whom did the same, and found that the voters' age correlated with polarization in eight of nine different tests. When the researchers constructed panels based on internet access, they found the same pattern: that polarization is increasing fastest among those who use the internet the least. The researchers suggest more important factors are increasing income inequality and non-digital media such as cable TV and talk radio.
Vox: http://bit.ly/2oNugyy

African smart cities: Nairobi and Cape Town
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at How We Made It in Africa, Otavio Veras reports on the state of development of smart city projects in Africa's two most advanced cities, Nairobi (Kenya) and Cape Town (South Africa). Nairobi has elected to replicate the steps Singapore followed, and, beginning with the mobile payment system M-Pesa, the choice has driven ICT progress throughout the country. In Cape Town, the government established a four-pillar project to reach smart city status: digital infrastructure, digital inclusion, e-government, and digital economy. The city has implemented remote utilities meter reading, integrated its public safety services, installed a system for predicting fire incidents, deployed public wifi hotspots, and established Taxify, an Uber-like platform that offers passengers and drivers better support. All collected data is publicly available through the city's open data portal website.
How We Made It in Africa: http://bit.ly/2qbklEN

Study raises privacy concerns about smartphone sensors
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Popular Science, Rob Verger reports that computer scientists at Newcastle University have been able to create malware that uses the sensors in smartphones that detect the orientation, tilt, and speed of movement to identify the user's PIN 74% of the time on the first try and 94% of the time on the third try. The study's lead author, Maryam Mehrnezhad, says that when not properly secured sensors embedded in anything from smartphones to streetlamps can reveal "basically everything about you". Fueled by concerns about the W3C's interest in defining a specification for a general Sensor API, researcher Lukasz Olejnik has been pointing out the privacy risks of making sensor data available for some time; his website features example analyses of the inferences that can be drawn from the output of sensors that measure ambient light and proximity.
Popular Science: http://bit.ly/2qjMNUa
W3C: http://bit.ly/2qcyynJ
Sensor Privacy: http://bit.ly/2oASNvH

Racial and gender bias in language processing algorithms
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that a study has found that "word embedding", a tool used to improve the accuracy of natural language processing applications such as Google Translate, displays striking gender and racial biases matching those found in the results of implicit association tests on UK and US humans. Lead researcher Sandra Wachter suggests that the results of the study could be used to address and counter the bias in historical data rather than be seen as a threat. In a panel discussion shared online, O'Reilly Media editor Andy Oram, Ifeoma Ajunwa, Geoff A. Cohen, and Ben Green discuss algorithms as "the new boogie men in social control and institutional discrimination" and suggest how to fix them.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2p8oTNN
Wachter (ACM, PDF): http://bit.ly/2oNocG8
Oram (Libreplanet): http://bit.ly/2p8fkOJ
Oran (Slideshare): http://bit.ly/2qbqr8r

How Google Books got lost
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Backchannel, former Salon editor Scott Rosenberg asks what happened to Google Books. Created as the company's first "moonshot", the project scanned 25 million books before copyright law blocked public access. The lawsuits, the rise of other more exciting ventures, and the loss of the sense that scanning more books would change the world have jointly caused progress to stall. Rosenberg concludes by imagining a future in which the database becomes available to machines to read.
Backchannel: http://bit.ly/2oNoi0s

The voice-activated threat to minority languages
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Mashable, Maria Gallucci discusses an Associated Press report that the Icelandic language is at risk of dying out, in part because voice-activated devices force Icelanders to use English. GPS devices struggle with Icelandic road names and voice-driven digital assistants have yet to be ported into the language. The Ministry of Education estimates it would cost about 1 billion Icelandic krona ($8.8 million) to create an open access database to assist developers. Other minority languages under similar threat include Irish Gaelic, Latvian, Maltese, and Lithuanian.
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2p8nve8


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

Transform Africa Summit 2017
----------------------------------------
May 12-12, 2017
Kigali, Rwanda
ICT experts from across Africa and beyond will convene to discuss the transformation of Africa using the power of technology. The forum will include side events such as the Smart Women Summit and the Africa Smart Cities forum, which is backed by 11 African countries.
http://bit.ly/2pqHvJF

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

Transparency Camp
----------------------------------------
May 22, 2017
Phoenix, Arizona
The Sunlight Foundation and the Arizona Center for Investigative Reporting, Galvanize, and the Arizona Institute for Digital Progress are teaming up to present Tcamp 2017, an un-conference that will bring together the government, developer and journalist communities to discuss and solve problems relating to making government data open and accessible to the public.
http://bit.ly/2oXkH4t

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Future Perfect
----------------------------------------
Jun 16, 2017
New York, NY
Data & Society Research Institute's Speculative Fiction Reading Group will host Future Perfect, a conference exploring the use, significance, and discontents of speculative design, narrative, and world-building in technology, policy, and culture. Participation is limited. Those interested in attending this Conference should apply by May 12, and may either 1) propose work to be exhibited and/or presented, or 2) describe how their work makes them a relevant discussant/participant.
http://bit.ly/2qcFAcj

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 April 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: APC, Derechos Digitales, EDRi, Engine Room, EFF, Open Rights Group, TACD.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US: Congress votes to allow ISPs to monetize consumer data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF reports that the US Congress voted at the end of March to bar the Federal Communications Commission from imposing privacy rules on ISPs, with the result that the cable and telephone industry is now free to hijack searches, sell browser data, and insert their own advertisements. President Donald Trump signed the bill into law on April 3, ending a decades-long tradition that communications providers must ask permission before seeking to monetize users' personal information. In the Guardian, Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee calls selling private citizens' browsing data "disgusting". At the Privacy + Security blog, Daniel Solove discusses possibilities for filling the now-open gap. EFF offers a guide to protecting yourself from your ISP.
EFF (ISPs): http://bit.ly/2o5WzZA
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2o4TibZ
Solove: http://bit.ly/2oXlDWR
EFF (guide): http://bit.ly/2o68ruw

UK: Home Secretary calls for encryption ban
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the British Home Secretary, Amber Rudd, has called for a ban on end-to-end encryption after the March attack at Westminster Bridge. Similar proposals were dropped from the Investigatory Powers Act (IPA) before it passed in 2016. The Guardian also notes that the IPA does give the government the power to compel the removal of "electronic protection" from communications or data but quotes Open Rights Group advisory council member Alec Muffett saying that using the legislation would force the government into a battle it would lose because the open source community would never comply. Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, who was recently given the Turig award, has told the BBC that requiring a backdoor in encryption would be a "bad idea" and represents a massive security breach.
Guardian (encryption): http://bit.ly/2ootmK6
Guardian (IPA): http://bit.ly/2ooqqxa
BBC: http://bbc.in/2oXiR3U

EU: European Parliament criticizes EU-US Privacy Shield agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that the European Parliament has adopted a new resolution covering the EU-US Privacy Shield agreement that permits the transfer to the US of the personal data relating to EU citizens despite the differences in privacy laws. The resolution finds some provisions of the agreement are inadequate and calls on the European Commission to examine them thoroughly in September, when Privacy Shield is due for its first annual review. Among the complaints: the lack of specific rules on automated decisions; the need for stricter guarantees for the independence and powers of the Ombudsman; the non-quorate status of the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight board; the lack of concrete assurances that the US agencies have established safeguards against bulk data collection; and the large number of companies that are not covered by the voluntary self-certification scheme.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2oyt3yK
European Parliament: http://bit.ly/2p5biaO

Leaks identify US starting points for NAFTA renegotiations
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Canadian intellectual property law scholar Michael Geist reports that the leaked draft notice from the Trump Administration identifies 40 issues that will form the starting point for discussion when talks begin to renegotiate the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Among these issues are intellectual property, privacy, and e-commerce rules that are very similar to the shelved Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement. Of particular concern are clauses limiting restrictions on data flows, criminal penalties for piracy, counterfeiting, and trade secret violations.
Geist (part 1): http://bit.ly/2o4COkh
Geist (part 2): http://bit.ly/2pt3tID

Investigation finds thousands of fake open access journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In a letter to Nature, Piotr Sorokowski, Emanuel Kulczycki, Agnieszka Sorokowska, and Katarzyna Pisanski, researchers at the University of Wroclaw, report on their investigation of fake open access journals. The researchers submitted a fake application for an editor position to a mix of 360 legitimate journals and suspected fakes; 48 accepted the application. The authors go on to comment that the number of fake "predatory journals" is increasing at an alarming rate and is roughly the same as genuine titles (10,000) and becoming an "organized industry". The situation presents a threat to the quality of scholarship in general and to the open access movement in particular. Elsewhere, Science magazine reports that six organizations, including Wikimedia, the Public Library of Science, and the open access journal eLife have launched the Initiative for Open Citations, which is partnering with 29 publishers (and counting) to enable anyone to access citation data from 14 million papers indexed by the Crossref collaboration to promote the sharing of scholarly information.
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2o4LOWD
Science: http://bit.ly/2oylY13

Google adds "Fact check" tag to news results
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Search Engine Journal reports that Google is expanding its Fact Check tag to search results and news articles worldwide. The tag means that a piece of content includes information that has been fact-checked by news publishers and fact-checking organizations. To be included in the scheme, publishers need to use the Schema.org ClaimReview markup on pages where public statements have been fact-checked. In October 2016, when Google first applied the tag to News in select countries, Poynter found ClaimReview was in use by fewer than ten domains. In addition, publishers must be algorithmically determined to be an authoritative source. The Guardian discusses similar efforts by Facebook that flags content as "disputed" and its efforts to educate the public on how to spot fake news.
Search Engine Journal: http://bit.ly/2o6kmIC
Poynter: http://bit.ly/2o68xSN
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2o6afnd

Hungary: Central European University under attack
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bard College president Leon Botstein, UC Berkeley provost Carol Christ, and Columbia professor Jonathan Cole report in the Washington Post that the government, led by Prime Minister Viktor Orban, has introduced legislation attached to an anti-immigration bill that makes it illegal for the Soros-founded Central European University to operate as an American university. The bill also regulates the movement of students and faculty for "national security reasons". The three authors, all members of the CEU's Board of Trustees, call the move an "attack rooted in xenophobic nationalism and an anti-intellectual mistrust of the conduct of free inquiry, research, and teaching", and argue that allowing the CEU to fall under the control of the Hungarian government will cause all universities in Hungary to suffer. Politico provides further background.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2p5idRs
Politico: http://politi.co/2oXgz4z


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

We Robot
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page, We Robot provides links to the draft papers and video livestreams from this year's conference. Of particular note are the discussions of Rebecca Wexler's paper on the criminal justice system, where trade secrets may deny the accused access to the basis for decisions made about their cases; Kristen Thomasen's paper on feminist perspectives and drone regulation, which argues that framing the issues surrounding drones and privacy as one of physical safety for women ignores the larger social issue of information asymmetry; and Amanda Levandowski's paper arguing that copyright law exacerbates the problem of bias in AI by rendering much data unavailable for use in training such systems.
We Robot: http://bit.ly/2oXkFJR

Ten principles for responsible big data research
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for the Public Library of Science Computational Biology, researchers from Data & Society led by Matthew Zook publish ten rules for responsible big data research. Among the principles: acknowledge that data are people and can do harm; guard against reidentification; consider the limitations of the data; and engage with broader consequences.
PloS: http://bit.ly/2psXkMB

Seeing beyond the hype in technology for human rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Open Democracy, Zara Rahman reports on a study undertaken by The Engine Room in 2016 to examine the risks inherent in technology adoption in the human rights sector. "Fail fast" isn't appropriate in a context where lives are at stake and where the core work of documentation changes slowly, she writes. Yet the pressure to adopt new technologies is very strong, not least from funders, who tend to respond favorably to applications that look innovative, while the crucial qualities needed for human rights work, however, are reliability and sustainability. Rahman explores the difficulties of choosing between open source and proprietary software, and notes that developers and trainers often are ignorant about the context in which their tools will be used.
Open Democracy: http://bit.ly/2oypet6

Rethinking trade agreements
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Susan Grant, director of consumer protection and privacy for the Consumer Federation of America and member of the Transatlantic Consumer Dialogue steering committee, reviews the recent public TACD annual forum. Contrary to the comments of former ambassador Stuart Eizenstat, a co-founder of TACD, Grant argues that TACD is not anti-trade but wants to improve both the process and the outcome of trade negotiations so that consumers benefit. In a paper launched at the forum, TACD outlines what it thinks should and should not be included in such negotiations.
TACD (Grant): http://bit.ly/2o61Xfk
TACD (paper): http://bit.ly/2p53FRV

RightsCon
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Storify, APC follows this year's RightsCon, highlighting panels on algorithms, network neutrality, encryption, privacy, and surveillance. In a blog post, Advocacy Assembly offers a summary of the conference's journalism aspects. CDT's podcast features interviews with politicians and activists about their work in progress, including Dutch MEP Marietje Schaake, Access Now regional leads Wafa Ben-Hassine (Middle East and North Africa) and Javier Pallero (Latin America), EDRi executive director Joe McNamee, and Derechos Digitales director Maria Paz Canales.
Storify: http://bit.ly/2oyCwWB
Advocacy Assembly: http://bit.ly/2p7txcN
Soundcloud (CDT): http://bit.ly/2o67geD

East Africa: The state of internet freedom
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Small Media and the Collaboration on International ICT Policy for East and Southern Africa (CIPESA), Defend Defenders, and Nairobi-based Strathmore University's Center for Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law assess the state of internet freedoms in Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda against the principles enshrined in the African Declaration on Internet Rights and Freedoms. In each country, the researchers find that government policy is out of alignment with these core values. Human rights and internet freedom advocates need to continue pushing their governments to adjust their policies in the direction of greater transparency, better surveillance oversight, and legislating to protect privacy and data.
Small Media: http://bit.ly/2oXmuqo


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

Transparency Camp
----------------------------------------
May 22, 2017
Phoenix, Arizona
The Sunlight Foundation and the Arizona Center for Investigative Reporting, Galvanize, and the Arizona Institute for Digital Progress are teaming up to present Tcamp 2017, an un-conference that will bring together the government, developer and journalist communities to discuss and solve problems relating to making government data open and accessible to the public.
http://bit.ly/2oXkH4t

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Data Power 2017
----------------------------------------
June 22-23, 2017
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Data Power 2017 conference asks: how can we reclaim some form of data-based power and autonomy, and advance data-based technological citizenship, while living in regimes of data power? Confirmed speakers include Helen Nissenbaum, Frank Pasquale, Stefania Milan, and Paul N. Edwards.
http://bit.ly/2p7GymW

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

AI Now Symposium
----------------------------------------
Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA
July 10, 2017
The second annual symposium of the AI Now Initiative, led by Kate Crawford and Meredith Whittaker, will be held at the MIT Media Lab. AI Now works across disciplines to understand the social impact of AI.
http://bit.ly/2psXm70

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 24 March 2017
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, mySociety, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Prospective trade deals recycle Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement clauses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF reports that some of the proposals it and other civil society organizations opposed in the now-defunct Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement are being recycled into other international trade deals. EFF flags in particular the renegotiation of the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Asian Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). EFF advocates opening the negotiation process to meaningful consultation with users and civil society.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2niqD6k

Pakistan: Government demands social media block "blasphemous" content
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Dawn reports that Facebook is sending a delegation to Pakistan to attempt to reach a mutual understanding following hearings in a related case at the Islamabad High Court (IHC) that claims the dissemination of blasphemous content via social media is "hurting the religious sentiments of Muslims". The IHC has ordered the government to investigate online blasphemy. Dawn also reports that Minister of the Interior Chaudhry Nisar has threatened to block all social media websites containing blasphemous content. Past government bans have included Facebook (for two weeks in 2010) and YouTube (2012-2016).
Dawn (delegation): http://bit.ly/2mxAQwN
Dawn (threat): http://bit.ly/2mxKKi3

US: "Smart" vibrator manufacturer settles privacy case
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that We-Vibe, the maker of a line of Bluetooth-enabled vibrators that can be paired with a remote control app, has agreed a $3.75 million class action settlement after the company was accused of collecting data on when and how customers used its products. The lawsuit, which was filed in an Illinois federal court, alleged that the company collected detailed and personally identifiable information; about 300,000 people bought the vibrators and about a third of those paired them with the app. The security flaws were first revealed by researchers at Defcon 2016.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ntkPaq

Advertiser pressure mounts on Google over extremist material
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that numerous major companies such as Vodafone, Sky, several banks, and the Guardian itself are either pulling their ads from Google and its YouTube subsidiary site or considering doing so. The issue: the appearance of their ads in extremist videos on YouTube. Senior Google executives were summoned to the UK's Cabinet Office last week over similar concerns. The Guardian also reports that internet analysts estimate that extremists and hate preachers have netted at least £250,000 from such advertising with $149,000 accruing to Google in commissions. This is not a new problem; the Guardian first covered it in 2012. Separately, Multiplex reports that Google apparently authorized the placement of an ad for the new Disney movie Beauty and the Beast into the voice-powered Google Home device, which included the movie in its daily news summary, and compares the move to earlier advertising mistakes.
Guardian (advertisers): http://bit.ly/2nO5Usm
Guardian (money): http://bit.ly/2nikYgt
Guardian (2012): http://bit.ly/2mxxKZO
Multiplex: http://bit.ly/2mxJbjW

Kenya: Communications surveillance practices
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy International reports that the Kenyan National Intelligence Service has direct access to communications networks across Kenya and is sharing the data it collects with the police forces essentially without oversight and outside the procedures required by Kenyan law. PI's newly-published investigation of the techniques, tools and culture of Kenyan police and intelligence agencies' communications surveillance practices finds that intercepted content and data are being used to facilitate gross human rights abuses. The consequences include eroded trust and marred anti-terrorism operations. PI calls for reform in this election year.
PI: http://bit.ly/2n02Nd1

Scotland: Government drops university identity register
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group reports that the Scottish government has dropped plans to use the National Health Service central register as the basis for a national identity register. ORG goes on to call for Scotland to drop its poorly-documented identity system, which comprises a unique citizen reference number assigned to each citizen at birth and a national entitlement card, which is run by the private Improvement Service and which gives citizens access to government services such as bus passes, student service cards, and libraries.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2nO37iM

Paywalls damage public health
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Medium, Lauren Maggio, Juan Pablo Alperin, Laura Moorhead, and John Willinsky report their finding that over 60% of the journal articles discussed in news stories published in 2016 were locked behind paywalls with no free PDF available on the authors' site. The typical fees of $30 to $50 an article, they argue, present too much of a barrier for the general public and the 12-month embargo allowed by the National Institutes of Health is too long. Much of this research is taxpayer-financed, and public health is being damaged by this lack of access to the evidence base.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nOcAH6


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Three challenges for the web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Tim Berners-Lee highlights three problems that he finds critical for the web: 1) our loss of control over our personal data; 2) the ease of spreading misinformation; and 3) the need for transparency about political online advertising. Working on these forms part of the World Wide Web Foundation's new five-year strategy; Berners-Lee calls for help in building "the web we want".
Web Foundation: http://bit.ly/2mZIJHL

Cataloguing the world's politicians
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, mySociety describes progress made by its EveryPolitician project, which by now has collected data on over 72,000 politicians from 233 countries. They go on to explain the decisions they've made in collecting the data and discuss some early projects making use of the data. The Represent.me project, for example, has built a platform for gathering opinions and votes that can be shared with politicians and constituency MPs.
mySociety: http://bit.ly/2nd1VCv

Interview with SocArXiv founder Philip Cohen
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Richard Poynder interviews Philip Cohen, the founder of the SocArXiv social sciences pre-print server. Since its soft launch last summer, the server has amassed over 800 papers; it will hold its first conference in October. In the near term, Cohen intends for SocArXiv to allow new research to reach readers in a timely fashion while preserving the ability to publish in regular journals. Longer-term, he hopes to participate in the movement to build a new and better form of scholarly communications system.
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2nisnfE

Interview with Brazilian TRIPS negotiator Celso Amorim
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at Intellectual Property Watch, William New asks Brazilian minister Celso Amorim to recount his part in negotiating to secure flexibilities for developing countries in the 1994 WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). He also negotiated the landmark 2001 Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health. During that time, the climate changed dramatically, first because of the advent of HIV/AIDS and then due to 9/11. Amorim worries that the new US administration will pursue unilateral sanctions, fragmenting the genuinely worldwide agreements of the past.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2mxRGeY

The Rise of the Weaponized Propaganda Machine
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece at Medium, Berit Anderson and Brett Hovath discuss automated propaganda in global politics. Beginning with an outline of Cambridge Analytica's role in the 2016 US presidential election and its influence on Trump's ongoing policy decisions, the authors go on to examine how the various technical pieces work: data, engagement scripts, networking, and bots. Future elections, Anderson and Horvath argue, will be battles of automated behavior change. Buzzfeed offers a skeptical take on some of the claims regarding the use of behavioral targeting during the US elections. Scientific American asks whether democracy can survive these technologies. The price of personalized information, the authors write, is collective and local decision-making. Calling top-down, centralized control a solution of the past, they suggest ten principles for avoiding totalitarianism.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nJroGt
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2nPXuB1
Scientific American: http://bit.ly/2mxMgkf

The technology industry at South by Southwest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Wired article, Issie Lapowsky finds the technology industry rethinking itself at the annual Austin, Texas South by Southwest (SXSW) festival. The BBC interviews Bishop Paul Tighe, who this year became the first representative sent to SXSW by the Vatican to learn more about the digital world and to promote human values. At The Verge, Nick Statt complains that SXSW is failing to tackle hard questions. Statt also summarizes the SXSW talk by roboticist Matt Rendall, who argued that the US's failure to invest in industrial robotics may cause the country to lose out on the next industrial revolution.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2ntB47j
BBC: http://bbc.in/2ntsEgl
Verge (SXSW): http://bit.ly/2ncXlnY
Vere (investment): http://bit.ly/2nJkDo0

Palantir, Peter Thiel, Big Data, and the DHS
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Edward Hasbrouck discusses recent protests at Palantir, which have seen technology industry employees object to the use of technical tools to assist the Department of Homeland Security to implement the exclusionary policies of the Trump administration. Hasbrouck explains what is known about the tools Palantir is building and their consequences when put to use.
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2ntyRc0


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

ILIDE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2017
Jasna, Slovakia
This year's Innovative Library in the Digital Era conference will discuss repositories and research data archiving, open science, digital humanities and digital scholarship.
http://bit.ly/2luJppU

OpenAIRE Workshop
----------------------------------------
April 4, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
As an adjunct to the RDA plenary, the Research and Data Alliance will hold a workshop on legal issues in open research data.
http://bit.ly/2moqe1r

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Research Data Alliance Plenary
----------------------------------------
April 5-7, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
The main theme for the 9th Research Data Alliance plenary meeting, organised by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputación and supported by RDA Europe, will be Data Infrastructures for Open Science.
http://bit.ly/2lGBp6U

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
----------------------------------------
June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
----------------------------------------
July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
----------------------------------------
October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

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================================
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================================
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License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 24 February 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU passes Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The BBC reports that despite protests the European Parliament has passed the Canada-EU trade agreement CETA by 408 votes to 254. Some parts of the deal, such as tariff reduction, will now come into force; others, such as the court system for settling investor-state disputes, will require ratification by EU member states. Before the vote, La Quadrature du Net called on MEPs to dump the agreement because "it endangers our freedoms and fundamental rights".BBC: http://bbc.in/2lcJjRy
LQDN: http://bit.ly/2moVLxA

US: Immigration proposes to search social media profiles
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Access Now, Drew Mitnick reports that US Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly has told members of the US Congress that the Trump administration is considering requiring visa applicants from the seven countries included in President Donald Trump's travel ban - Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen - to disclose passwords for their social media accounts and personal devices as part of enhanced screening. Mitnick notes that the move would not only violate the human rights of the travelers, but also those of any friends and relatives in their social graph, and warns of potential security hazards such as continued monitoring via malware. EFF supplies additional background to the proposal and is collecting stories of experiences at the border. At the Freedom to Tinker blog, Dan Wallach suggests technical counter-measures.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2lOSFq1
EFF: http://bit.ly/2luQZAX
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2l3ANTX

Facebook's AI searches images by their contents
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At TechCrunch, John Mannes reports that Facebook's Lumos computer vision platform can search photographs using terms related to the objects appearing in them rather than via metadata tags users apply to the images when they're uploaded. The system is based on a deep neural network classifier that has been trained on tens of millions of the billions of images stored on the service. Mannes expects Facebook to expand Lumos to its growing store of videos, and to use it to improve its ad targeting and fight spam.
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2mbGvYG

Germany: Telecommunications watchdog order My Friend Cayla dolls destroyed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that the German Federal Network Agency, the country's telecommunications watchdog, has classified the "smart doll" My Friend Cayla as an "illegal espionage apparatus" and is encouraging parents to destroy or deactivate it. The concern is that it violates the law against manufacturing, selling, or possessing surveillance devices disguised as another object, and that hackers could exploit insecure Bluetooth connections to record private conversations. Mattel's competing Hello Barbie is not sold in Germany. The dolls are also controversial in the US, where EPIC has filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission and sparked a Congressional investigation, and in Norway, where last year the Norwegian Consumer Council found that the doll failed to safeguard basic consumer rights, security, and privacy.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2mbHUih
EPIC (PDF): http://bit.ly/2lzrQUg
NCC: http://bit.ly/2lOKJVI


Kenya, Mexico: Citizens suspect state manipulation on Twitter
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that both the Kenyan and Mexican governments are suspected of emulating China and Venezuela in using Twitter to try to change national opinion. In Kenya, public support for a nationwide strike by doctors protesting the government's failure to honor the collective bargaining agreement has been accompanied by social media messages using hashtags such as #greedydoctors. Local bloggers have found a strong correlation between the accounts posting these messages and those posting other professional-government messages. In Mexico, data scientists at the Jesuit University of Guadajara linked disruptions of public protests to accounts previously identified as bots or trolls that harassed journalists and social activists. For example, Twitter streams using the hashtag #gasolinazo to protest higher gasoline prices have been disrupted with others bearing the hashtag #SaqueaUnWalmart ("loot a Walmart") and false images of people rioting. Put together with other analyses by Citizen Lab, Global Voices believes these developments suggest an increasingly threatening environment for citizen advocates in Mexico.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2lzpyUZ


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Minority languages and social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Global Voices, Derek Lackaff examines the difficulty of adapting computer systems for local and minority languages, focusing in particularly on Irish Gaelic but also touching on Icelandic, Frisian, and Lakota. The shift to mobile has made typing these languages more difficult due to changes in technology (predictive text, software keyboards), and the multicultural nature of social media audiences generally favors the use of majority languages. Lackaff argues that the pressures of globalization and assimilation are endangering linguistic and cultural diversity.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2lzCIS8

Canada: Privacy in the age of Trump
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip at TVO, University of Ottawa law professor Michael Geist discusses the consequences for Canadian privacy of recent US moves such as the executive order issued by President Donald Trump that rolled back protection for non-US citizens under the Privacy Act. Geist suggests that the country's long-standing commitment to human rights and the country's privacy laws may require the Canadian intelligence agencies to cease sharing data with their US counterparts. While noting the difficulties inherent in annoying the country's closest neighbor and largest trading partner, he urges the Canadian Privacy Commissioner to review the situation.
TVP: http://bit.ly/2lzq0Tg

Theft: A History of Music
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this graphical book published by Duke University and available for free download as a PDF under a Creative Commons license, James Boyle, Jennifer Jenkins, and Keith Aoki tell an alternative history of the last 2,000 years of music by focusing on recurring attempts to restrict borrowing and cultural exchange. The authors identify a variety of reasons behind these restrictions as the technology of music changes.
Duke: http://bit.ly/2moV1sq

Big data, elections, and Cambridge Analytica
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Bloomberg column, mathematician Cathy O'Neil dissects claims that UK firm Cambridge Analytica's big data-fueled psychological analytics gave the winning side the edge in both the election of US President Donald Trump and the UK's vote to leave the EU - see, for example, Berit Anderson's discussion of the company's "automated propaganda" at Medium. Although O'Neil doubts that big data made the difference in Trump's case - not least because it's likely the Clinton campaign had more data - she notes the dangers inherent in the asymmetry of information represented by the new, highly-tailored generation of political ads. This has been a long-running theme for the Center for Digital Democracy, as in a recent blog posting, where CDD's Yewande Ogunkoya details the inner workings of the "commercial surveillance system". At Medium, Paul-Olivier Dehaye provides a quick guide to requesting your data from Cambridge Analytica.
Bloomberg: http://bloom.bg/2mgzcvM
Medium (Anderson): http://bit.ly/2mbIqwJ
CDD: http://bit.ly/2luOn6j
Medium (Dehaye): http://bit.ly/2kQFuVY

Scoping the algorithmic age
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, primary researchers Lee Rainie and Janna Anderson summarize Pew Research Center's new report on algorithmic transparency "Code-Dependent: Pros and Cons of the Algorithm Age". The researchers conducted a survey of 1,302 technology experts, scholars, corporate practitioners, and government leaders, many of whom are quoted in the report. Seven consistent themes emerged: algorithms will continue to spread; there will be many benefits; the loss of human input is creating a flawed, logic-driven society; algorithm-driven systems are biased; algorithmic categorizations deepen divides; unemployment will rise; there is a growing need for algorithmic literacy, transparency, and oversight.
Pew: http://pewrsr.ch/2ld4S4a

Estimating OER savings
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Open Oregon Educational Resources explains the thinking behind the commonly-used estimated savings from OER adoption of $100 per student. The article compares several approaches and studies, taking into account variations in textbook cost in different fields, differing levels of enrollment, and local bookstore prices.
Open Oregon: http://bit.ly/2mgicpk

Biopolitical art
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at e-flux conversations, the artist Heather Dewey-Hagborg discusses her series of projects on mass biological surveillance. Stranger Visions explored what can be learned about individuals from the artifacts we shed; DNA Spoofing considers how to be anonymous in an era of genetic surveillance; Radical Love is about forced invisibility. Dewey-Hagborg concludes by arguing for "biopolitical art" that exposes and questions power structures.
e-flux: http://bit.ly/2mp2kA3

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

3D/DC
----------------------------------------
March 2, 2017
Washington, DC, USA
The sixth 3D printing policy event will feature a series of panels on 3D printing and the human body; extreme applications of 3D printing; women in the 3D printing industry; 3D printing and the future of education; and the maker movement in the new administration.
http://bit.ly/2mpgtNE

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Open Education Global 2017
----------------------------------------
March 8-10, 2017
Cape Town, South Africa
This year marks several important milestones in Open Education, including the 15-year anniversary of the term "Open Educational Resources" and the five-year anniversary of the Paris OER Declaration. For those who remember the start of the movement, this conference will provide the opportunity to celebrate and reflect on these and other achievements, reconnect with colleagues and friends, and learn about new ideas and initiatives.
http://bit.ly/2jUcqJp

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

17th TACD Multi-Stakeholder Forum
----------------------------------------
March 21, 2017
Washington, DC
This year's TACD Multi-stakeholder Forum, titled "A consumer agenda for transatlantic markets: safeguarding protections and making progress in times of political change", will bring together participants representing civil society, academics, researchers, as well government, legislators , regulatory authorities and business on both sides of the Atlantic to discuss a pro-consumer agenda for transatlantic markets.
http://bit.ly/2lmVX42

B13
----------------------------------------
March 21-22, 2017
Berlin, Germany
The 13th Berlin Open Access conference will provide a networking and reviewing opportunity in the context of the OA2020 initiative, a proposal for a large-scale transition to open access. Berlin 13 will aim to strengthen the international network and share experience of various stakeholder groups.
http://bit.ly/2lJxFk8

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

ILIDE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2017
Jasna, Slovakia
This year's Innovative Library in the Digital Era conference will discuss repositories and research data archiving, open science, digital humanities and digital scholarship.
http://bit.ly/2luJppU

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Personal Democracy Forum 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantees a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 10 February 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EFF, Europe v. Facebook, IFLA .

PROGRAM NEWS
===========
The Networked Economics program of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) has issued a call to established research organizations for a pilot program of four two-year pilot projects to strengthen cyber policy centers in eligible low, middle, or upper-middle income countries in the following regions: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Middle East, South Asia, South East Asia, Latin America.
http://bit.ly/2k6xOta


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Trump executive order causes debate on Privacy Shield
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy Law Blog reports that US President Donald Trump's Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States", has caused some discussion within the privacy community about its effect on the EU-US Privacy Shield agreement, which allows the transfer of personal data about EU citizens to the US, which lacks a comparable data protection regime. The conclusion: Privacy Shield stands because the agreement rests on redress promised by the Judicial Redress Act (2015), and executive orders cannot overturn legislation passed by Congress. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman summarizes the discussion on the same topic at the Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, where experts largely agreed, with some reservations. At Papers Please, travel data privacy expert Edward Hasbrouck argues, however, that the Executive Order does up-end rights promised to EU citizens under the EU-US PNR Agreement, which allows sharing of passenger name records.
PrivacyLawBlog: http://bit.ly/2k6zQcP
net.wars: http://bit.ly/2lqYupV
Papers Please: http://bit.ly/2lmZG1o

US: Court orders Google to turn over data stored outside the US
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Washington Post reports that a federal magistrate judge has ordered Google to comply with a search warrant requiring the company to turn over emails stored outside the United States. The ruling is in direct contradiction to the recent Microsoft Ireland case, in which the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled that US law enforcement could not compel the production of emails stored on a foreign (Irish) server. In this case, Google has argued that since it breaks up the emails the company stores across its network, it cannot be sure where in the world the data resides. The judge's view is that the actions required will take place inside the US, no matter where the data is stored.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2kKssG5

EU: Vote nears for Marrakesh Treaty
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that a European Parliament vote on the Marrakesh Treaty, which creates copyright exceptions to give visually impaired people access to copyrighted works, is expected to take place in March. The treaty was adopted in 2013, but the EU has yet to ratify it despite being a signatory. In 2016 the Advocate General of the European Court of Justice signalled that the European Commission has the competency to ratify the treaty on behalf of all member states. Rapporteur Max Andersson expects compromise on the 100 amendments that have been put forward. However, both the European Blind Union and the World Blind Union oppose proposals to compensate publishers for accessible copies produced by NGOs and libraries, and the EBU is concerned about the suggestion of limiting the exceptions to works that are not commercially available. Finally, Germany wants the European Parliament to incorporate compensation for secondary rights holders. IFLA has called for the European Parliament to ratify the treaty without these impediments.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2k5RqCQ
IFLA: http://bit.ly/2ltQ0iH

Wikipedia community debates undisclosed paid promotional editing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Motherboard reports that controversy has developed within the Wikipedia community over undisclosed paid promotional editing (UPPE) in violation of community standards that require paid editors to disclose their conflicts of interest on their user pages. However, not all do so, and it's difficult to draw lines between UPPE, other types of undisclosed paid editing, and self-interested unpaid editing, and between fair investigation and persecuting suspected offenders. Finding the right balance remains a challenge.
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/2k61dbU

US: Ohio police use pacemaker data in criminal investigation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
SC Magazine reports that police in Middletown, Ohio used data from a suspect's artificial heart implant to charge a man with setting fire to his own house. A cardiologist who reviewed the data, obtained via a search warrant, concluded that the data was inconsistent with the suspect's story. EFF staff attorney Stephanie Lacambra argues that people should not have to make a choice between health and privacy.
SC: http://bit.ly/2kpkPUC

Cameroon: Government clampdown widens to include international journalists
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Deutsche Welle reports that the Cameroonian government, having already cut off the country's English-speaking regions from the internet, is now threatening international journalists with sanctions if they report on the conflict. Both French and English are official languages in Cameroon. The media regulator has threatened to revoke the licenses of media outlets that report favorably on demands from the English-speaking minority.
DW: http://bit.ly/2lr4cYM

US: One hundred-plus technology companies join legal fight against travel ban
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNN reports that more than 100 technology companies have signed on to support a lawsuit opposing US President Donald Trump's Executive Order , "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States", which imposes a 90-day ban on admitting travellers from seven countries: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, and Syria (indefinitely). The action was filed with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals by the attorneys general of the states of Washington and Minnesota. The list includes Apple, Google, Intel, Microsoft, Netflix, Facebook, Airbnb, Uber, Paypal, and Tesla. CNN notes some major names are missing: IBM, Palantir, Oracle, and Cisco. According to Engadget, Amazon has expressed its support but hasn't signed the brief as it's a witness in the original case. Policy analyst Marcy Wheeler traces the background of how the seven countries were selected by the Trump administration' for the travel ban. At the Lawfare blog, former FBI analyst Nora Ellingsen studies two years of FBI arrests and finds that nothing in the large body of data we have about real terrorist plots in the United States supports either a focus on barring refugees or a focus on these particular seven countries.
CNN (ban): http://cnnmon.ie/2ltMGUG
CNN (tech companies): http://cnnmon.ie/2lqR3z5
Engadget: http://engt.co/2kVTaNY
Wheeler: http://bit.ly/2lqVqdn
Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2k5PUQW


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

The fake news bogeyman
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece for Deutsche Welle, Ethan Zuckerman argues that "fake news" is a bogeyman because it means that people who disagree with us have simply been given the wrong facts. In preliminary analysis from the Media Cloud team at Harvard and MIT, the most influential fake news site ranked only 163rd in their list of most-shared sources. What gives fake news its greatest visibility is mainstream media reports about it. Propaganda and disinformation, he notes, are as old as humanity. More important is finding common ground with people we disagree with. The IFLA blog argues that libraries have a long history of verifying information, and highlights two papers published by IFLA in conjunction with The Wikipedia Library that showcase successful collaborations between the two organizations. In the Guardian, Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales argues that transparency and a free and open internet is essential to combating the spread of disinformation.
DW: http://bit.ly/2k6z3Zm
IFLA: http://bit.ly/2k6pud5
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2kKGd7V

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At this YouTube channel, CPDP has posted videos of the sessions from this year's conference. Of particular note are the closing Caspar Bowden panel on surveillance; the panel on the effect of big data on the insurance industry; and the panel on populist politics and the prospects for privacy.
YouTube (CPDP channel): http://bit.ly/2kRaUuA
YouTube (Bowden): http://bit.ly/2kuCz3u
YouTube (insurance): http://bit.ly/2lqR31W
YouTube (populist): http://bit.ly/2ln0iUK

Data vigilantes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Stephen Buranyi reports on the controversy surrounding Statcheck, a computer program, written by Michèle Nuijten at Tilbert University's Meta-Research Center, that reads scientific papers and checks the mathematics behind every statistical result it encounters. An early target of Statcheck's work was the field of psychology, where researchers found that about half of the papers published in psychology journals contained a statistical error. The controversy began when Hartgerink's colleague, Chris Hartgerink, who modified the program so that it would catalogue the errors and post them online. Scientific fraud is typically estimated at around 2%; the researchers believe that the true rate is far higher.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2lqZoCR

Egypt: Civil society under phishing attack
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, the result of research it conducted with the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Citizen Lab studies recent coordinated phishing attacks on Egyptian NGOs, intended to trick them into giving up their email and other passwords. As Citizen Lab notes, such attacks are common and relatively low-tech, but often effective. The investigators have found strong circumstantial - but not conclusive - evidence to suggest that the attack was mounted by the Egyptian government, which has been cracking down on civil society.
CitizenLab: http://bit.ly/2ltC6Nr

AI comes of age: in cars, healthcare, and journalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report from the Aspen Institute, "Artificial Intelligence Comes of Age", David Bollier summarizes its round table on artificial intelligence in connected cars, healthcare, and journalism. While the workshop did not reach any firm conclusions, it did identify key questions to ask. How should markets evolve? What are the proper forms of government regulation? What internal governance structures and safeguards should AI adopt? How can social trust in AI technologies be earned? Participants included Joi Ito (MIT Media Lab), Stuart Frankel (Narrative Science), Cynthia Breazeal (MIT Media lab), Mustafa Suleyman (Google DeepMind), David Kenny (IBM Watson), Marc Rotenberg (EPIC), and Fr E. Salobir (OPTIC, Order of Preachers).
Aspen (PDF): http://bit.ly/2k5W4kd

Irish High Court hearings on transatlantic data flows
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page and on Twitter (@maxschrems), Max Schrems is posting updates on the Irish High Court hearings in "Data Protection Commissioner v. Facebook ireland Ltd and Maximilian Schrems", which began on February 7 and are expected to last three weeks. The case concerns Facebook's use of standard contractual clauses to allow the company to transfer EU citizens' personal data to the US after the Safe Harbor agreement was voided in an earlier case brought by Schrems. The Irish data protection commissioner argues that the contracts include no provision for allowing it to suspend data flows; Facebook argues that surveillance in the US is no worse than in the EU and so its data transfers should be acceptable. Among those submitting amicus curiae briefs are the US government, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, DigitalEurope, and the British Software Alliance.
Europe v. Facebook: http://bit.ly/2lqQVPU

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artefacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Open Education Global 2017
----------------------------------------
March 8-10, 2017
Cape Town, South Africa
This year marks several important milestones in Open Education, including the 15-year anniversary of the term "Open Educational Resources" and the five-year anniversary of the Paris OER Declaration. For those who remember the start of the movement, this conference will provide the opportunity to celebrate and reflect on these and other achievements, reconnect with colleagues and friends, and learn about new ideas and initiatives.
http://bit.ly/2jUcqJp

17th TACD Multi-Stakeholder Forum
----------------------------------------
March 21, 2017
Washington, DC
This year's TACD Multi-stakeholder Forum, titled "A consumer agenda for transatlantic markets: safeguarding protections and making progress in times of political change", will bring together participants representing civil society, academics, researchers, as well government, legislators , regulatory authorities and business on both sides of the Atlantic to discuss a pro-consumer agenda for transatlantic markets.
http://bit.ly/2lmVX42

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Personal Democracy Forum 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantees a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 13 January 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.
 
Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, OKFN, R3D.
 
PROGRAMME NEWS
 
Correction
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The report on an OKFN blog posting on the Open Government Partnership in the NEWS DIGEST for the week ending December 23 2016 misspelled Mor Rubinstein's last name and misreported her gender. We apologize for the error.
OKFN: http://bit.ly/2iavapN
 
Life in a Quantified Society
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Society Foundation has published a basic guide to its work on the Quantified Society, explaining the underpinning technologies and their impact on individuals' everyday lives. Topics include pervasive data collection, algorithmic decision-making, and the problems these pose for accountability and open access to information.
https://osf.to/2hTp3Ub
 
 
NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/
 
US formally accuses Russians of hacking the November elections
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Writing for the NYU Law School Just Security blog, Ronald Deibert calls the joint FBI-Department of Homeland Security report on Russian cyber interference in the 2016 US election "badly constructed". Deibert complains that the White House fails to present the evidence linking the cyber espionage operations to Russia and that much of the critical evidence vital to the public interest is being kept secret, either by the National Security Agency or by private cyber security firms. At Esquire, Kings College professor Thomas Rid outlines the background of 20 years of Russian hacks of the US and discusses the role Wikileaks played in publishing the results. The New York Times calls the situation the realisation of "Julian Assange's years-old vision". Bruce Schneier discusses the problem of attribution in cyberspace. 
JustSecurity: http://bit.ly/2iP7G6u
Esquire: http://bit.ly/2jqZ0nl
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2j7u0Jr
Schneier: http://bit.ly/2iP9qwt
 
EU: European Commission launches e-privacy directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that the European Commission has released its proposals for the e-privacy directive, which EDRi argues needs substantial improvement. It consists of three elements: a legislative proposal for replacing regulation 2001/45; a communication on the "data economy", and a communication on exchanging and protecting international data flows in a globalized world. The EC's press conference to discuss the announcement will be live-streamed on January 17.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2iOYLBR
EC (press release): http://bit.ly/2irF0Tj
EC (regulation): http://bit.ly/2j7vKCI
EC (data economy): http://bit.ly/2jf5hoE
EC (data flows): http://bit.ly/2iP4PdX
 
US: Police subpoena Amazon Echo data in murder case
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Center for Democracy and Technology reports that police investigating a murder in Bentonville, Arkansas ended 2016 by issuing a warrant to Amazon to demand that the company turn over audio recordings from an Echo home automation device. Amazon has refused to comply, and it is not clear which aspects - wiretap, stored communications, or trap and trace - of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act apply to the snippets of voice recording retained by the company. The Register reports that when a TV reporter, discussing the story of a child who accidentally ordered her family's Alexa device to order her a dollhouse, repeated on-air the command, "Alexa, order me a dollhouse", Echo devices around the country began attempting to fulfill the order. Online purchasing is turned on by default on these devices. 
CDT: http://bit.ly/2ik9PLa
Register: http://bit.ly/2iP59JA
 
Australia: Commission recommends adoption of fair use
----------------------------------------------------------------------
InfoJustice summarizes the report issued at the end of December 2016 by the Australian Government Productivity Commission has recommended the introduction of fair use into copyright law, along with other changes on patents, copyright, and enforcement. The Commission has warned that copyright is too restrictive, in both scope and length of term, and proposes introducing a system of user rights. TechDirt lists the main points and reposts the entire 766-page report, which was released under a CC-BY license.
InfoJustice: http://bit.ly/2irDiBe
TechDirt: http://bit.ly/2jE2FO0
 
New York proposes mandating passenger GPS coordinates
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Freedom to Tinker reports that New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission has proposed a new rule that would require car service platform companies such as Lyft and Uber to add GPS coordinates of customers' drop-off and pick-up points to existing requirements. New York's Freedom of Information law would make the bulk data subject to full public release. The stated justification is to combat "driver fatigue" and improve safety; however, the rule does not match the purpose and raises serious threats to passenger privacy. 
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2irFHvI
 
Germany, Peru, Taiwan: Scientists lose access to Elsevier journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Nature reports on the alternatives being pursued by scientists in Germany, Peru, and Taiwan now that their access to Elsevier journals has ended. Peru's government has terminated funding to pay for a license. Contract negotiations in Germany and Taiwan broke down in December; because negotiations resumed in Taiwan in early January, Elsevier has granted a one-month extension to the Taiwanese universities that had canceled their subscriptions.
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2jeF7Tq
 
Iran: Pornography filter breaks browsers across the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Verge reports that 256 websites, many of them pornographic, were blocked for users from Russia to Hong Kong when Iran activated a censorship filter using a technique called BGP hijacking that directs computers to phony routes. Iran's national telecom company is pivotal to the transit of data through the region. The situation began to resolve after approximately 28 hours. At its blog, Dyn has more detail and background on BGP hacking in general and Iranian censorship in particular.
Verge: http://bit.ly/2jeNezz
Dyn: http://bit.ly/2inpZi1
 
AI research fund founded to promote research into the public interest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
TechCrunch reports that LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman and eBay founder Pierre Omidyar have each put $10 million into seeding the $27 million Ethics and Governance of Artificial intelligence Fund to promote research into artificial intelligence in the public interest. As algorithms make an increasing range of key decisions with ramifications throughout society, the Fund's founders believe it's crucial that AI research should include input from many disciplines, including social science, law, ethics, and religion. The founding academic institutions will be the MIT Media Lab and Harvard's Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. 
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2jeGAJo
 
FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/
 
Chaos Computer Congress 33
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian piece, Alex Hern lists five key technologies talks at the 2016 Chaos Computer Congress identified as broken: intercoms, boarding cards, smart meters, elections, and random number generators. At his blog, Edward Hasbrouck discusses the boarding card issues - which he highlighted more than 15 years ago - in greater detail. CCC-TV makes available video of the conference talks; EDRi's page highlights those given by its members and observers on topics such as German state surveillance, the state of internet politics in Austria, and the issues surrounding law enforcement hacking. Among notable talks is Aylin Caliskin's discussion of prejudice in word embeddings - language models that translate words into numeric vectors for uses such as web search, sentiment analysis, and machine learning. 
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2irLcdV
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2jLU8Ne
C3: http://bit.ly/2iP3ZO8
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2ikipcT
C3 (Caliskin): http://bit.ly/2ikbyQK
 
Building the LibreRouter
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at Global Voice, published in Spanish and English, Gui Iribarren, vice-president of AlterMundi, discusses the LibreRouter project, which aims to make it easier to get online without relying on a corporate hardware manufacturer and build community networks. AlterMundi expects to delivery the first version of this router to community networks in Argentina and South Africa.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2jr3tGL
 
(Dis)Information mercenaries
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, University of Zurich mathematician and PersonalData.io founder Paul-Olivier Dehaye studies the methodology of Cambridge Analytica, which has been widely reported to have helped the Trump campaign micro-target messages based on the thousands of data points it claims to have on every American. Dehaye reports that the same vendor and its affiliates have built "PSYOPS" dashboards to manipulate populations in Libya, Afghanistan, and countless other countries. In a YouTube talk, Cambridge Analytica founder Alexander Nix discusses the power of big data.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2j7IhGa
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2ikeFbe
 
The real name fallacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Coral Project blog posting, J.Nathan Matias dissects the fallacy that requiring real names will end bad online behavior. Among his points: most online attackers are already known to their targets in real life; identity protection is important for vulnerable people; and many hate groups seek legitimacy by operating openly. Design alone is not a solution, and the outcomes of such efforts should be systematically tested.
Coral Project: http://bit.ly/2jDUf9s
 
The new world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series of radio programs the BBC explores aspects of "The New World" such as globalisation, changing demographics, the rise of anti-elitist populism, the balance of power, and the "post-truth" world. Each piece traces its topic back to the roots of the change, seeking to answer the main question, "When did this happen?"
BBC: http://bbc.in/2ik4gfL
 
Cyberwar for sale
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece from the New York Times magazine, Mattathias Schwartz explores the activities of the privately-owned Milan-based surveillance software maker Hacking Team as revealed by documents made public after the company was itself hacked. The Mexican civil liberties group R3D, for example, was able to use the leaked documents to unveil surveillance in the state of Puebla; Mexico is Hacking Team's largest export market. Hacking Team has fewer than 50 employees, but its global roster of companies include the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Administration, Egypt, Honduras, Uzbekistan, Turkey, and Sudan. Once surreptitiously installed on a target's computer or phone, Hacking Team's Remote Control System software can secretly eavesdrop on location data, text messages, email, phone, and Skype calls, grabbing the data before it can be encrypted. The article also explores the spread of the belief that "privacy is secrecy and secrecy is terrorism".
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2ik90SC
 
 
***
 
DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.
 
Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9
 
Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6
 
Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1
 
Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. 
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ
 
We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI
 
TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ
 
2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs? 
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2
 
Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all. 
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P
 
MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices. 
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp
 
4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E
 
IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field. 
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj
 
Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection 
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. 
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN
 
Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W
 
Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp
 
IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals". 
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa
 
Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields. 
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo
 
***
 
Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.
 
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
 
Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
 
 
 
Update (1/4/2017): corrected Mor Rubinstein's spelling and gender.

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 December 2016
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, Tactical Tech.

PROGRAM NEWS

Life in a Quantified Society
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Society Foundation has published a basic guide to its work on the Quantified Society, explaining the underpinning technologies and their impact on individuals' everyday lives. Topics include pervasive data collection, algorithmic decision-making, and the problems these pose for accountability and open access to information.
https://osf.to/2hTp3Ub


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

UK: European Court of Justice rules UK bulk data collection illegal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled that it is illegal for governments to indiscriminately collect emails and electronic communications in bulk. The ruling may trigger legal challenges to Britain's newly-passed Investigatory Powers Act. Other key points of the judgment: no blanket data retention; notification of the persons affected after the investigation has concluded; limitation to serious crime; independent authorisation. The case, which was backed by ORG, Privacy International, Liberty, and the Law Society, was originally brought by the MPs Tom Watson and David Davis against the 2014 Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act. Davis was forced to drop out when he joined the present government as Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2ifnU8j
Judgement: http://bit.ly/2ha0TpD

Uber launches self-driving cars in San Francisco
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The San Francisco Examiner reports that shortly after Uber sent its self-driving cars out on the streets of San Francisco for the first time, one of the cars was caught on video apparently running a red light, one of two near-accidents that have been reported involving these cars. Uber calls the incidents "driver error", and, the New York Times reports, continues to refuse to apply for permits for the cars, despite orders to do so from the California Department of Motor Vehicles. Uber argues that because the cars have human drivers present, permits are not required. Reveal News reports that in a deposition filed in a lawsuit he has brought, the company's former forensic investigator, Ward Spangenberg, says that company employees can and do spy on customers. Spangenberg claims he was fired for objecting to Uber's illegal and reckless practices.
SF Examiner: http://bit.ly/2h1IVSR
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2hcrbsS
Reveal News: http://bit.ly/2h9V7Ei

OpenStreetView project seeks to rival Google
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Register reports that Telenav, a supporter of the OpenStreetMap project, has launched OpenStreetView, a project intended to create an open source version of Google's Street View. Contributors use the OpenStreetView software to upload images from GoPro cameras or Android phones fitted with OBD2 dongles that fit into the port supplied on newer cars. So far, contributors have uploaded 40,000 kilometres' worth of images. The Register notes that the effort is at an early stage, and other such projects have been tried before only to fizzle.
Register: http://bit.ly/2hcsJDj

US: President-elect Donald Trump meets tech leaders
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ReCode's Kara Swisher reports on the meeting US President-elect Donald Trump called with tech company leaders including Jeff Bezos (Amazon), Satya Nadella (Microsoft), Tim Cook (Apple), Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook), Larry Page (Google), Elon Musk (Tesla), and Peter Thiel. Twitter was notably not invited. In a piece written when the meeting was announced, Swisher argued that these leaders should stand up for the social and democratic values they have often claimed to represent. Afterwards, she reported on the subjects the group actually raised: the need for more H1B visas to enable foreign workers to come to the US; STEM education; maternity leave; China; infrastructure spending; and the tax treatment of repatriated assets. EFF suggests that if Trump really wants to help these companies he should adopt policies that protect users and innovation from policies that threaten privacy, civil liberties, and a free internet. At Medium, Ben Rattray, CEO and founder of Change.org, discusses the changes technology platforms need to make to satisfy the public's genuine civic needs.
ReCode (before): http://on.recode.net/2h1GeAG
ReCode (after): http://on.recode.net/2i0ESaX
EFF: http://bit.ly/2h9Snqo
Medium: http://bit.ly/2hTuy4U

Germany: Universities sever Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that more than 60 German universities are preparing to lose access on January 1 to hundreds of journals published by Elsevier after failing to reach agreement on pricing and licensing. British scientists have filed a complaint over market abuse. Overall, 16,000 scientists have signed a pledge to cease providing articles or conducting peer review for Elsevier, following a call by mathematician Tim Gowers in 2012, though Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics estimates that as many as 38% may have continued to publish. Kiwi reports that Finland, where the FinELib consortium of libraries and universities continues to negotiate, may wind up in the same situation as Germany.
IPW: http://bit.ly/2hHLpKe
FIRMA: http://bit.ly/2hV2DEh
Kiwi: http://bit.ly/2ifjoXs


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Fighting back against the "war on cash"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at The Long and Short, Brett Scott argues that it's essential to fight back against "the war on cash", as the cashless society will see all transactions intermediated, and says that we should be concerned for those who will be excluded and left behind by such a system. Venezuela and India provide cases in point, as both have abruptly "demonetised" some of their higher-value notes. Mashable reports on the resulting currency crunch in India, and also finds that deaths have resulted when hospitals, ambulances, and pharmacies have refused to accept the old money. The Economic Times reports on the more chaotic situation in Venezuela, where the much less popular government discontinued the highest-value bank note on three days' notice before replacements were ready.
Long and Short: http://bit.ly/2d1pa11
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2h1IKqI
Economic Times: http://bit.ly/2hrelmu

Fake news and how to stop it
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast at Radio Berkman, Zeynep Tufecki and Jonathan Zittrain discuss the mechanics of fake news dissemination and express concern about some of the strategies proposed to combat it. At his blog, science fiction writer Charlie Stross kicks off a wide-ranging, multi-faceted discussion with eleven tweets that explain why Twitter and fake news were made for each other. In an interview with National Public Radio, Buzzfeed editor Craig Silverman discloses the results of his site's investigation: the vast majority are funded via Google's AdSense. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr finds out how to bump the neo-Nazi, white supremacist group Stormfront off the top of Google's search results for "Did the Holocaust happen?": buy an ad. In her recent documentary, The Brainwashing of My Dad, filmmaker Jen Senko studies the development of the right-wing media machine built in the US over the last several decades, basing its success on emotion over facts.
Radio Berkman: http://bit.ly/2hrdF0x
Stross: http://bit.ly/2h9P4zH
NPR: http://n.pr/2ialY4X
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2iaxUUn
Senko: http://bit.ly/2ifqevS

Open Government Partnership Summit in review
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at OKFN, Mor Rubinstein reviews this year's Open Government Partnership Summit. Rubinstein praises better gender diversity but is concerned at the absence of government ministers and the relative silence of UK civil society. The latter leads her to point to a recent posting at CivicHall by mySociety co-founder Tom Steinberg, who argues that open data efforts to date have been too polite and constructively collaborative; transparency, Steinberg writes, is only ever beaten out of governments with a stick.
OKFN: http://bit.ly/2iavapN
CivicHall: http://bit.ly/2hrffPU

Google, the EU, and antitrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Harvard Business Review, Bala Iyer and U. Srinivasa Rangan discuss Google's defence against the European Commission's charges that the company unfairly advantages its own shopping service over those of competitors; uses its AdSense service to improperly restrict third-party websites from displaying ads served up by competitors; and exploits the dominant position of its Android operating system. The authors believe Google has mounted an effective rebuttal to the first two charges but believe to prevail on the third Google will need to argue that competition in the mobile space is qualitatively different. Specifically, they suggest that antitrust law needs to change to accept that a company isn't dominant in the classical sense simply because it is dominant in one ecosystem; winners can change at any time when newer innovation appears.
Harvard: http://bit.ly/2hcBxZU

AI snake oil, fake tech, good stories, and uncritical media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the first of a series, Dan Simon discusses how to tell if the claims someone is making for artificial intelligence software are true. The questions he suggests asking include: where the training data will come from and whether an evaluation procedure is built in. At ReCode, Phil Baker discusses "fake tech" using the recent failures of Magic Leap and Theranos as examples. Magic Leap, an augmented reality company, hired a New Zealand special effects company to create video simulations it claimed were genuine product demonstrations, netting it $1.9 billion in funding. Theranos claimed to be able to conduct dozens of tests from the tiny amounts of blood collected from a finger stick; its value topped $9 billion before its claims were discredited earlier this year. Vanity Fair's Nick Bilton tells the Theranos story in detail, starting with the scepticism of Wall Street Journal reporter John Carreyrou when confronted with the company's refusal to disclose to either investors or scientists how its medical technology worked. Both Baker and Bilton argue that what's needed is a more critical, better-trained technology press.
Dan Simon: http://bit.ly/2hcELwi
ReCode: http://on.recode.net/2iateOd
Vanity Fair (Theranos): http://bit.ly/2hTubrj
Vanity Fair (press): http://bit.ly/2hcviVX

The Glass Room
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On these web pages, Tactical Tech wraps up its Glass Room exhibition, which sought to demonstrate to visitors the data collection present in everyday life. The site provides photographs, interviews with visitors, and a "data detox kit" to help individuals identify and limit the many sources of data collection in their lives.
Tactical Tech: http://bit.ly/2hTvwOZ

China: Building the world's first digital totalitarian state
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist outlines the "digital totalitarian state" that China is building via its "social credit" system. Although a 2014 pilot scheme in Suining county, north of Shanghai, was a failure, about 30 governments are collecting data to support the system. By 2020, the Chinese government intends the system to "allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step". The Economist foresees two big hurdles for a surveillance system at such a scale: first, the quality of data; second, the ability to analyse it. Nonetheless, it concludes, many of the pieces are ready.
Economist: http://econ.st/2hUWdVC

Facebook content reviews
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin, Till Krause and Hannes Grassegger talk to members of the 600-person Berlin-based team, employed by Bertelsmann subsidiary Arvato, that reviews content at Facebook. Many report struggling with psychological issues due to their exposure to images of torture, murder, and child abuse coupled with their lack of training or support. They also discuss the unclear and inconsistent rules of deletion they must follow and other stresses of their jobs
SDZ Magazin: http://bit.ly/2hHEb8U

The 3D printing revolution that wasn't
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Medium's Backchannel, Andrew Zaleski analyses the failure of MakerBot, which bet unsuccessfully that 3D printers would become as ubiquitous as microwave ovens. What began as an open source company, he writes, over-extended when it acquired venture capital funding and became closed-source after its acquisition in 2013 by Stratasys. The market for home desktop 3D printers has never reached the levels MakerBot founder Bre Prettis thought they would, and the difficulties of design mean it possibly never will. Last year, 270,000 desktop 3D printers were sold, but nearly all went to schools and businesses.
Backchannel: http://bit.ly/2i0zTqO


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 December 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Iceland: The Pirate Party asked to form government
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Register reports that a new proclamation has asked Iceland's The Pirate Party (TPP) leader Birgitta Jonsdottir to lead negotiations with other parties to form a government. Two parties won more votes than TPP in the last election, but both have failed to secure a working majority.
Register: http://bit.ly/2h4avTi

Italy: Court rules embedding isn't copyright infringement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the appeal court of Rome has overturned one of the 152 website blocks imposed a month ago and ruled that embedding - incorporating a link that displays third-party content - does not constitute a copyright infringement. The court based its ruling on that of the European Court of Justice in the recent BestWater case, where the court held that embedding is not an infringement if the material is already accessible to the general public. The battle over linking continues in Brussels, where new copyright rules are under negotiation.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2gIt8ZY

Fake news leads armed man to "self-investigate" DC pizzeria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Washington Post reports that local police have arrested a man armed with an assault rifle who visited a pizzeria to "self-investigate" a false conspiracy theory involving Hillary Clinton that spread online during her presidential campaign. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr raises the question of platform responsibility when she uses Google's search autocomplete feature to uncover a growing, parallel universe of right-wing fake news. This universe, hidden in plain sight, is increasingly penetrating the rest of the web and is being used to track, monitor, and influence anyone who comes across its content. The resulting micro-targeting is opaque enough to evade election laws about fair campaigning. The BBC profiles a small town in Macedonia where teenagers are earning quick money from writing fake news that Americans will click on.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2h4hbAQ
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnsDj
BBC: http://bbc.in/2gjDWkV

The Gambia: President shuts down internet for election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that the government of The Gambia turned off internet access and international phone calls the night before the election. The sitting president, Yahya Jammeh, was seeking his sixth term using what writer Deji Olukotun describes as "Trump rhetoric" in a country where votes are cast by using marbles. Following the unexpected election of Adama Barro, the government turned internet access and international phone calls back on.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2gjE1VL

EU threatens social media with regulating hate speech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that the European Commission has said that companies like Microsoft, Yahoo, Twitter, Google, and Google's YouTube will have to act faster to tackle hate speech or face regulation. The Commission is not satisfied with moves the companies have made under the code of conduct agreed six months ago, which requires action on reports within 24 hours. A recent report shows that today only 40% of reports are acted in within that time.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2hdVJqW

Attacks create million-router botnet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Dan Goodin reports that some 900,000 routers issued by Deutsche Telekom to customers were attacked during the last weekend of November, along with similar routers used by non-DT customers. Attackers exploited a flaw that left the routers open for remote management. Shortly afterwards, The Register reported similar attacks aimed at UK routers issued by TalkTalk and the Post Office. The San Francisco Chronicle reports that the local MUNI public transport system was attacked by ransomware that demanded a payment of 100 bitcoin (about $73,000). Rather than pay the ransom, MUNI officials turned off the system and allowed travellers to ride for free. The Chronicle estimates the cost at about $50,000; the attack was traced to an employee who clicked on a link in a phishing email.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2hauPj9
Register: http://bit.ly/2hsh7aZ
SF Chronicle: http://bit.ly/2gjFvzw

Trump seeks internet shutdown capabilities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNN reports that President-elect Donald Trump has called for shutting down the internet in some areas to stop the spread of terror and explains why he'll find it difficult. At The Intercept, Sam Biddle reports that of nine technology companies asked if they would sell their services to help Trump construct the Muslim registry he has repeatedly said he favours, only one - Twitter - issued an unequivocal "no".
CNN: http://cnnmon.ie/2h4kZ59
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2h4mssa


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Colombia: Where is my data?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF summarises "¿Dónde están mis datos?", a report recently published by leading Colombian digital rights organisation Fundacion Karisma. While Colombian telecommunications companies have not yet adopted best practices for privacy and transparency reporting, two key companies, ETB and Telefónica-Movistar, have significantly improved. The country's privacy law has not kept pace with other parts of the world, making telecommunications companies crucial players in protecting user privacy.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2hdPUtF

Elections and data-driven psychometrics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article (in German) at PersonalData.io, Mikael Krogerus and Hannes Grassegger explore the connections between the election of Donald Trump and Michal Kosinski and his work on data-driven psychometrics. Kosinski's work refining his use of Facebook "Likes" to create precise personality profiles provided the underpinnings for Cambridge Analytica's approach to data-driven communications, which the company claims helped win the EU Leave campaign in Britain and elect Donald Trump. By way of comparison, in 2012 Technology Reviiew outlined the data practices that got Barack Obama elected to a second term.
PersonalData: http://bit.ly/2haD5j8
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2hmA1UE
Technology Review: http://bit.ly/2grEHH9

The privacy risks of data in the cloud
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Privacy Surgeon, Privacy International founder and former executive director Simon Davies discusses privacy protection for data held in the cloud. Davies analyses two current cases. First, Microsoft continues to fight a court order that would force it to reveal user emails held on its Irish servers. Second, the US Congress is considering legislation that would grant law enforcement access to such data "based on mutual recognition of 'human rights standards'". In the UK, Davies says, similar plans lack transparency. In a blog posting, The Engine Room, traces the explicit links between data collection and human rights abuses.
Privacy Surgon: http://bit.ly/2gjJZpL
Engine Room: http://bit.ly/2gjOeSa

The anxieties of artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Intel anthropologist Genevieve Bell discusses humans, AI, and why a technology company needs an anthropologist. Humans, she says, fear being made irrelevant. The question is not whether AIs will rise up and kill us but whether we will give them the tools to do so. Meanwhile, the Internet of Things will make some things visible that are not now; Bell's example is the discovery that cows that can milk themselves prefer to do so five or six times a day rather than once or twice. Ben Evans considers the implications of combining floods of photography with AI.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnWtc
Ben Evans: http://bit.ly/2gIuoMJjt

Contracts and the Internet of Things
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In this Jotwell posting, Nancy Kim summarises a lengthy legal journal article by Stacy-Ann Elvy analysing whether (US) contract law is ready for the Internet of Things. The short answer: no. Elvy discusses issues such as consent, how Internet of Things devices should be regarded under the law, and information asymmetry. She makes recommendations for how courts should consider such issues, and urges the Uniform Law Commission and American Law Institute to change doctrinal rules to take the new commercial environment into account.
Jotwell: http://bit.ly/2haAcPv

Fifty-two surprising lessons for 2016
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In this Medium posting, Fluxx consultant Tom Whitwell lists 52 surprising things he learned in 2016. Number one is the existence of a service called Call Me Baby, which supplies human voices to scams that need them in a variety of languages.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2gIy80l


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DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy Camp
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January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
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January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
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March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
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March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
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March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
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April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
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April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
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April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

MetLib 2017
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Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
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May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
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May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
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May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Open Repositories 2017
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June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
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August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

***

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