Results tagged “OSFISD digest” from The Other Glass

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 24 March 2017
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The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, mySociety, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
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For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Prospective trade deals recycle Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement clauses
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EFF reports that some of the proposals it and other civil society organizations opposed in the now-defunct Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement are being recycled into other international trade deals. EFF flags in particular the renegotiation of the North Atlantic Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the Asian Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP). EFF advocates opening the negotiation process to meaningful consultation with users and civil society.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2niqD6k

Pakistan: Government demands social media block "blasphemous" content
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Dawn reports that Facebook is sending a delegation to Pakistan to attempt to reach a mutual understanding following hearings in a related case at the Islamabad High Court (IHC) that claims the dissemination of blasphemous content via social media is "hurting the religious sentiments of Muslims". The IHC has ordered the government to investigate online blasphemy. Dawn also reports that Minister of the Interior Chaudhry Nisar has threatened to block all social media websites containing blasphemous content. Past government bans have included Facebook (for two weeks in 2010) and YouTube (2012-2016).
Dawn (delegation): http://bit.ly/2mxAQwN
Dawn (threat): http://bit.ly/2mxKKi3

US: "Smart" vibrator manufacturer settles privacy case
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The Guardian reports that We-Vibe, the maker of a line of Bluetooth-enabled vibrators that can be paired with a remote control app, has agreed a $3.75 million class action settlement after the company was accused of collecting data on when and how customers used its products. The lawsuit, which was filed in an Illinois federal court, alleged that the company collected detailed and personally identifiable information; about 300,000 people bought the vibrators and about a third of those paired them with the app. The security flaws were first revealed by researchers at Defcon 2016.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2ntkPaq

Advertiser pressure mounts on Google over extremist material
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The Guardian reports that numerous major companies such as Vodafone, Sky, several banks, and the Guardian itself are either pulling their ads from Google and its YouTube subsidiary site or considering doing so. The issue: the appearance of their ads in extremist videos on YouTube. Senior Google executives were summoned to the UK's Cabinet Office last week over similar concerns. The Guardian also reports that internet analysts estimate that extremists and hate preachers have netted at least £250,000 from such advertising with $149,000 accruing to Google in commissions. This is not a new problem; the Guardian first covered it in 2012. Separately, Multiplex reports that Google apparently authorized the placement of an ad for the new Disney movie Beauty and the Beast into the voice-powered Google Home device, which included the movie in its daily news summary, and compares the move to earlier advertising mistakes.
Guardian (advertisers): http://bit.ly/2nO5Usm
Guardian (money): http://bit.ly/2nikYgt
Guardian (2012): http://bit.ly/2mxxKZO
Multiplex: http://bit.ly/2mxJbjW

Kenya: Communications surveillance practices
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Privacy International reports that the Kenyan National Intelligence Service has direct access to communications networks across Kenya and is sharing the data it collects with the police forces essentially without oversight and outside the procedures required by Kenyan law. PI's newly-published investigation of the techniques, tools and culture of Kenyan police and intelligence agencies' communications surveillance practices finds that intercepted content and data are being used to facilitate gross human rights abuses. The consequences include eroded trust and marred anti-terrorism operations. PI calls for reform in this election year.
PI: http://bit.ly/2n02Nd1

Scotland: Government drops university identity register
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The Open Rights Group reports that the Scottish government has dropped plans to use the National Health Service central register as the basis for a national identity register. ORG goes on to call for Scotland to drop its poorly-documented identity system, which comprises a unique citizen reference number assigned to each citizen at birth and a national entitlement card, which is run by the private Improvement Service and which gives citizens access to government services such as bus passes, student service cards, and libraries.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2nO37iM

Paywalls damage public health
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At Medium, Lauren Maggio, Juan Pablo Alperin, Laura Moorhead, and John Willinsky report their finding that over 60% of the journal articles discussed in news stories published in 2016 were locked behind paywalls with no free PDF available on the authors' site. The typical fees of $30 to $50 an article, they argue, present too much of a barrier for the general public and the 12-month embargo allowed by the National Institutes of Health is too long. Much of this research is taxpayer-financed, and public health is being damaged by this lack of access to the evidence base.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nOcAH6


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Three challenges for the web
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In this posting, Tim Berners-Lee highlights three problems that he finds critical for the web: 1) our loss of control over our personal data; 2) the ease of spreading misinformation; and 3) the need for transparency about political online advertising. Working on these forms part of the World Wide Web Foundation's new five-year strategy; Berners-Lee calls for help in building "the web we want".
Web Foundation: http://bit.ly/2mZIJHL

Cataloguing the world's politicians
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In this blog posting, mySociety describes progress made by its EveryPolitician project, which by now has collected data on over 72,000 politicians from 233 countries. They go on to explain the decisions they've made in collecting the data and discuss some early projects making use of the data. The Represent.me project, for example, has built a platform for gathering opinions and votes that can be shared with politicians and constituency MPs.
mySociety: http://bit.ly/2nd1VCv

Interview with SocArXiv founder Philip Cohen
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In this blog posting, Richard Poynder interviews Philip Cohen, the founder of the SocArXiv social sciences pre-print server. Since its soft launch last summer, the server has amassed over 800 papers; it will hold its first conference in October. In the near term, Cohen intends for SocArXiv to allow new research to reach readers in a timely fashion while preserving the ability to publish in regular journals. Longer-term, he hopes to participate in the movement to build a new and better form of scholarly communications system.
Poynder: http://bit.ly/2nisnfE

Interview with Brazilian TRIPS negotiator Celso Amorim
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In this interview at Intellectual Property Watch, William New asks Brazilian minister Celso Amorim to recount his part in negotiating to secure flexibilities for developing countries in the 1994 WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). He also negotiated the landmark 2001 Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health. During that time, the climate changed dramatically, first because of the advent of HIV/AIDS and then due to 9/11. Amorim worries that the new US administration will pursue unilateral sanctions, fragmenting the genuinely worldwide agreements of the past.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2mxRGeY

The Rise of the Weaponized Propaganda Machine
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In this piece at Medium, Berit Anderson and Brett Hovath discuss automated propaganda in global politics. Beginning with an outline of Cambridge Analytica's role in the 2016 US presidential election and its influence on Trump's ongoing policy decisions, the authors go on to examine how the various technical pieces work: data, engagement scripts, networking, and bots. Future elections, Anderson and Horvath argue, will be battles of automated behavior change. Buzzfeed offers a skeptical take on some of the claims regarding the use of behavioral targeting during the US elections. Scientific American asks whether democracy can survive these technologies. The price of personalized information, the authors write, is collective and local decision-making. Calling top-down, centralized control a solution of the past, they suggest ten principles for avoiding totalitarianism.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2nJroGt
Buzzfeed: http://bzfd.it/2nPXuB1
Scientific American: http://bit.ly/2mxMgkf

The technology industry at South by Southwest
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In this Wired article, Issie Lapowsky finds the technology industry rethinking itself at the annual Austin, Texas South by Southwest (SXSW) festival. The BBC interviews Bishop Paul Tighe, who this year became the first representative sent to SXSW by the Vatican to learn more about the digital world and to promote human values. At The Verge, Nick Statt complains that SXSW is failing to tackle hard questions. Statt also summarizes the SXSW talk by roboticist Matt Rendall, who argued that the US's failure to invest in industrial robotics may cause the country to lose out on the next industrial revolution.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2ntB47j
BBC: http://bbc.in/2ntsEgl
Verge (SXSW): http://bit.ly/2ncXlnY
Vere (investment): http://bit.ly/2nJkDo0

Palantir, Peter Thiel, Big Data, and the DHS
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In this blog posting, Edward Hasbrouck discusses recent protests at Palantir, which have seen technology industry employees object to the use of technical tools to assist the Department of Homeland Security to implement the exclusionary policies of the Trump administration. Hasbrouck explains what is known about the tools Palantir is building and their consequences when put to use.
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2ntyRc0


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
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February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
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March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

Rightscon 2017
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March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
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March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

ILIDE 2017
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April 3-5, 2017
Jasna, Slovakia
This year's Innovative Library in the Digital Era conference will discuss repositories and research data archiving, open science, digital humanities and digital scholarship.
http://bit.ly/2luJppU

OpenAIRE Workshop
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April 4, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
As an adjunct to the RDA plenary, the Research and Data Alliance will hold a workshop on legal issues in open research data.
http://bit.ly/2moqe1r

OER 17
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April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Research Data Alliance Plenary
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April 5-7, 2017
Barcelona, Spain
The main theme for the 9th Research Data Alliance plenary meeting, organised by the Barcelona Supercomputing Center-Centro Nacional de Supercomputación and supported by RDA Europe, will be Data Infrastructures for Open Science.
http://bit.ly/2lGBp6U

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
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April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
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April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
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April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
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April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
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April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 program theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
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May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantee a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
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May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
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May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
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May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
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May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
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June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Personal Democracy Forum CEE 2017
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June 8-9, 2017
New York, NY
The theme is PDF17 is "What We Do Now". Attendees will get connected, get inspired, learn with today's new and veteran organizers alike, and discover how what we do now can make all the difference.
http://bit.ly/2oaSCT5

Next Library Festival 2017
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June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
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June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
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June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
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July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

Citizen Lab Summer Institute
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July 12-14
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This year's conference is organized around five research streams: Network Interference and Freedom of Expression Online, Surveillance and Counter Surveillance, Security and Privacy of Apps, Corporate Transparency and Public Accountability, and a special session on Information Controls and Armed Conflict.
http://bit.ly/2oaGQrQ

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
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August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
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October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

Mozfest 2017
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October 27-29, 2017
London, UK
https://ti.to/Mozilla/mozfest-2017/en
The world's leading festival for the open internet movement will feature influential thinkers from around the world to build, debate, and explore the future of a healthy internet.
http://bit.ly/2oaIXvK

***

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 24 February 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net.

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU passes Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA)
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The BBC reports that despite protests the European Parliament has passed the Canada-EU trade agreement CETA by 408 votes to 254. Some parts of the deal, such as tariff reduction, will now come into force; others, such as the court system for settling investor-state disputes, will require ratification by EU member states. Before the vote, La Quadrature du Net called on MEPs to dump the agreement because "it endangers our freedoms and fundamental rights".BBC: http://bbc.in/2lcJjRy
LQDN: http://bit.ly/2moVLxA

US: Immigration proposes to search social media profiles
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At Access Now, Drew Mitnick reports that US Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly has told members of the US Congress that the Trump administration is considering requiring visa applicants from the seven countries included in President Donald Trump's travel ban - Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen - to disclose passwords for their social media accounts and personal devices as part of enhanced screening. Mitnick notes that the move would not only violate the human rights of the travelers, but also those of any friends and relatives in their social graph, and warns of potential security hazards such as continued monitoring via malware. EFF supplies additional background to the proposal and is collecting stories of experiences at the border. At the Freedom to Tinker blog, Dan Wallach suggests technical counter-measures.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2lOSFq1
EFF: http://bit.ly/2luQZAX
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2l3ANTX

Facebook's AI searches images by their contents
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At TechCrunch, John Mannes reports that Facebook's Lumos computer vision platform can search photographs using terms related to the objects appearing in them rather than via metadata tags users apply to the images when they're uploaded. The system is based on a deep neural network classifier that has been trained on tens of millions of the billions of images stored on the service. Mannes expects Facebook to expand Lumos to its growing store of videos, and to use it to improve its ad targeting and fight spam.
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2mbGvYG

Germany: Telecommunications watchdog order My Friend Cayla dolls destroyed
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The New York Times reports that the German Federal Network Agency, the country's telecommunications watchdog, has classified the "smart doll" My Friend Cayla as an "illegal espionage apparatus" and is encouraging parents to destroy or deactivate it. The concern is that it violates the law against manufacturing, selling, or possessing surveillance devices disguised as another object, and that hackers could exploit insecure Bluetooth connections to record private conversations. Mattel's competing Hello Barbie is not sold in Germany. The dolls are also controversial in the US, where EPIC has filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission and sparked a Congressional investigation, and in Norway, where last year the Norwegian Consumer Council found that the doll failed to safeguard basic consumer rights, security, and privacy.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2mbHUih
EPIC (PDF): http://bit.ly/2lzrQUg
NCC: http://bit.ly/2lOKJVI


Kenya, Mexico: Citizens suspect state manipulation on Twitter
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Global Voices reports that both the Kenyan and Mexican governments are suspected of emulating China and Venezuela in using Twitter to try to change national opinion. In Kenya, public support for a nationwide strike by doctors protesting the government's failure to honor the collective bargaining agreement has been accompanied by social media messages using hashtags such as #greedydoctors. Local bloggers have found a strong correlation between the accounts posting these messages and those posting other professional-government messages. In Mexico, data scientists at the Jesuit University of Guadajara linked disruptions of public protests to accounts previously identified as bots or trolls that harassed journalists and social activists. For example, Twitter streams using the hashtag #gasolinazo to protest higher gasoline prices have been disrupted with others bearing the hashtag #SaqueaUnWalmart ("loot a Walmart") and false images of people rioting. Put together with other analyses by Citizen Lab, Global Voices believes these developments suggest an increasingly threatening environment for citizen advocates in Mexico.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2lzpyUZ


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Minority languages and social media
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In this posting at Global Voices, Derek Lackaff examines the difficulty of adapting computer systems for local and minority languages, focusing in particularly on Irish Gaelic but also touching on Icelandic, Frisian, and Lakota. The shift to mobile has made typing these languages more difficult due to changes in technology (predictive text, software keyboards), and the multicultural nature of social media audiences generally favors the use of majority languages. Lackaff argues that the pressures of globalization and assimilation are endangering linguistic and cultural diversity.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2lzCIS8

Canada: Privacy in the age of Trump
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In this video clip at TVO, University of Ottawa law professor Michael Geist discusses the consequences for Canadian privacy of recent US moves such as the executive order issued by President Donald Trump that rolled back protection for non-US citizens under the Privacy Act. Geist suggests that the country's long-standing commitment to human rights and the country's privacy laws may require the Canadian intelligence agencies to cease sharing data with their US counterparts. While noting the difficulties inherent in annoying the country's closest neighbor and largest trading partner, he urges the Canadian Privacy Commissioner to review the situation.
TVP: http://bit.ly/2lzq0Tg

Theft: A History of Music
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In this graphical book published by Duke University and available for free download as a PDF under a Creative Commons license, James Boyle, Jennifer Jenkins, and Keith Aoki tell an alternative history of the last 2,000 years of music by focusing on recurring attempts to restrict borrowing and cultural exchange. The authors identify a variety of reasons behind these restrictions as the technology of music changes.
Duke: http://bit.ly/2moV1sq

Big data, elections, and Cambridge Analytica
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In this Bloomberg column, mathematician Cathy O'Neil dissects claims that UK firm Cambridge Analytica's big data-fueled psychological analytics gave the winning side the edge in both the election of US President Donald Trump and the UK's vote to leave the EU - see, for example, Berit Anderson's discussion of the company's "automated propaganda" at Medium. Although O'Neil doubts that big data made the difference in Trump's case - not least because it's likely the Clinton campaign had more data - she notes the dangers inherent in the asymmetry of information represented by the new, highly-tailored generation of political ads. This has been a long-running theme for the Center for Digital Democracy, as in a recent blog posting, where CDD's Yewande Ogunkoya details the inner workings of the "commercial surveillance system". At Medium, Paul-Olivier Dehaye provides a quick guide to requesting your data from Cambridge Analytica.
Bloomberg: http://bloom.bg/2mgzcvM
Medium (Anderson): http://bit.ly/2mbIqwJ
CDD: http://bit.ly/2luOn6j
Medium (Dehaye): http://bit.ly/2kQFuVY

Scoping the algorithmic age
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In this blog posting, primary researchers Lee Rainie and Janna Anderson summarize Pew Research Center's new report on algorithmic transparency "Code-Dependent: Pros and Cons of the Algorithm Age". The researchers conducted a survey of 1,302 technology experts, scholars, corporate practitioners, and government leaders, many of whom are quoted in the report. Seven consistent themes emerged: algorithms will continue to spread; there will be many benefits; the loss of human input is creating a flawed, logic-driven society; algorithm-driven systems are biased; algorithmic categorizations deepen divides; unemployment will rise; there is a growing need for algorithmic literacy, transparency, and oversight.
Pew: http://pewrsr.ch/2ld4S4a

Estimating OER savings
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In this blog posting, Open Oregon Educational Resources explains the thinking behind the commonly-used estimated savings from OER adoption of $100 per student. The article compares several approaches and studies, taking into account variations in textbook cost in different fields, differing levels of enrollment, and local bookstore prices.
Open Oregon: http://bit.ly/2mgicpk

Biopolitical art
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In this posting at e-flux conversations, the artist Heather Dewey-Hagborg discusses her series of projects on mass biological surveillance. Stranger Visions explored what can be learned about individuals from the artifacts we shed; DNA Spoofing considers how to be anonymous in an era of genetic surveillance; Radical Love is about forced invisibility. Dewey-Hagborg concludes by arguing for "biopolitical art" that exposes and questions power structures.
e-flux: http://bit.ly/2mp2kA3

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artifacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

3D/DC
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March 2, 2017
Washington, DC, USA
The sixth 3D printing policy event will feature a series of panels on 3D printing and the human body; extreme applications of 3D printing; women in the 3D printing industry; 3D printing and the future of education; and the maker movement in the new administration.
http://bit.ly/2mpgtNE

Internet Freedom Festival
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March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Open Education Global 2017
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March 8-10, 2017
Cape Town, South Africa
This year marks several important milestones in Open Education, including the 15-year anniversary of the term "Open Educational Resources" and the five-year anniversary of the Paris OER Declaration. For those who remember the start of the movement, this conference will provide the opportunity to celebrate and reflect on these and other achievements, reconnect with colleagues and friends, and learn about new ideas and initiatives.
http://bit.ly/2jUcqJp

Human Rights Watch Film Festival
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March 6-June 18
London, UK; Chicago Illinois; Toronto, Canada; New York, NY
The 16 human rights documentaries included in this peripatetic festival highlight individuals and groups exhibiting courageous resilience in challenging times. Among the human rights topics represented are the integrity of the press; the experience of refugees seeking safety; and factory workers protesting chemical harms from their work in the Chinese electronics industry. Nicholas de Pencier's BLACK CODE, based on Ronald Deibert's book of the same name, follows members of Toronto-based Citizen Lab as they document civil society activism in Tibet, Syria, Brazil, and Pakistan.
http://bit.ly/2mbHEiW

17th TACD Multi-Stakeholder Forum
----------------------------------------
March 21, 2017
Washington, DC
This year's TACD Multi-stakeholder Forum, titled "A consumer agenda for transatlantic markets: safeguarding protections and making progress in times of political change", will bring together participants representing civil society, academics, researchers, as well government, legislators , regulatory authorities and business on both sides of the Atlantic to discuss a pro-consumer agenda for transatlantic markets.
http://bit.ly/2lmVX42

B13
----------------------------------------
March 21-22, 2017
Berlin, Germany
The 13th Berlin Open Access conference will provide a networking and reviewing opportunity in the context of the OA2020 initiative, a proposal for a large-scale transition to open access. Berlin 13 will aim to strengthen the international network and share experience of various stakeholder groups.
http://bit.ly/2lJxFk8

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

ILIDE 2017
----------------------------------------
April 3-5, 2017
Jasna, Slovakia
This year's Innovative Library in the Digital Era conference will discuss repositories and research data archiving, open science, digital humanities and digital scholarship.
http://bit.ly/2luJppU

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Personal Democracy Forum 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantees a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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================================
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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 10 February 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EFF, Europe v. Facebook, IFLA .

PROGRAM NEWS
===========
The Networked Economics program of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) has issued a call to established research organizations for a pilot program of four two-year pilot projects to strengthen cyber policy centers in eligible low, middle, or upper-middle income countries in the following regions: North of Sahara, South of Sahara, Middle East, South Asia, South East Asia, Latin America.
http://bit.ly/2k6xOta


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Trump executive order causes debate on Privacy Shield
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy Law Blog reports that US President Donald Trump's Executive Order 13768, "Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States", has caused some discussion within the privacy community about its effect on the EU-US Privacy Shield agreement, which allows the transfer of personal data about EU citizens to the US, which lacks a comparable data protection regime. The conclusion: Privacy Shield stands because the agreement rests on redress promised by the Judicial Redress Act (2015), and executive orders cannot overturn legislation passed by Congress. At the net.wars blog, Wendy M. Grossman summarizes the discussion on the same topic at the Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection conference, where experts largely agreed, with some reservations. At Papers Please, travel data privacy expert Edward Hasbrouck argues, however, that the Executive Order does up-end rights promised to EU citizens under the EU-US PNR Agreement, which allows sharing of passenger name records.
PrivacyLawBlog: http://bit.ly/2k6zQcP
net.wars: http://bit.ly/2lqYupV
Papers Please: http://bit.ly/2lmZG1o

US: Court orders Google to turn over data stored outside the US
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Washington Post reports that a federal magistrate judge has ordered Google to comply with a search warrant requiring the company to turn over emails stored outside the United States. The ruling is in direct contradiction to the recent Microsoft Ireland case, in which the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled that US law enforcement could not compel the production of emails stored on a foreign (Irish) server. In this case, Google has argued that since it breaks up the emails the company stores across its network, it cannot be sure where in the world the data resides. The judge's view is that the actions required will take place inside the US, no matter where the data is stored.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2kKssG5

EU: Vote nears for Marrakesh Treaty
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that a European Parliament vote on the Marrakesh Treaty, which creates copyright exceptions to give visually impaired people access to copyrighted works, is expected to take place in March. The treaty was adopted in 2013, but the EU has yet to ratify it despite being a signatory. In 2016 the Advocate General of the European Court of Justice signalled that the European Commission has the competency to ratify the treaty on behalf of all member states. Rapporteur Max Andersson expects compromise on the 100 amendments that have been put forward. However, both the European Blind Union and the World Blind Union oppose proposals to compensate publishers for accessible copies produced by NGOs and libraries, and the EBU is concerned about the suggestion of limiting the exceptions to works that are not commercially available. Finally, Germany wants the European Parliament to incorporate compensation for secondary rights holders. IFLA has called for the European Parliament to ratify the treaty without these impediments.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2k5RqCQ
IFLA: http://bit.ly/2ltQ0iH

Wikipedia community debates undisclosed paid promotional editing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Motherboard reports that controversy has developed within the Wikipedia community over undisclosed paid promotional editing (UPPE) in violation of community standards that require paid editors to disclose their conflicts of interest on their user pages. However, not all do so, and it's difficult to draw lines between UPPE, other types of undisclosed paid editing, and self-interested unpaid editing, and between fair investigation and persecuting suspected offenders. Finding the right balance remains a challenge.
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/2k61dbU

US: Ohio police use pacemaker data in criminal investigation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
SC Magazine reports that police in Middletown, Ohio used data from a suspect's artificial heart implant to charge a man with setting fire to his own house. A cardiologist who reviewed the data, obtained via a search warrant, concluded that the data was inconsistent with the suspect's story. EFF staff attorney Stephanie Lacambra argues that people should not have to make a choice between health and privacy.
SC: http://bit.ly/2kpkPUC

Cameroon: Government clampdown widens to include international journalists
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Deutsche Welle reports that the Cameroonian government, having already cut off the country's English-speaking regions from the internet, is now threatening international journalists with sanctions if they report on the conflict. Both French and English are official languages in Cameroon. The media regulator has threatened to revoke the licenses of media outlets that report favorably on demands from the English-speaking minority.
DW: http://bit.ly/2lr4cYM

US: One hundred-plus technology companies join legal fight against travel ban
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNN reports that more than 100 technology companies have signed on to support a lawsuit opposing US President Donald Trump's Executive Order , "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States", which imposes a 90-day ban on admitting travellers from seven countries: Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Yemen, and Syria (indefinitely). The action was filed with the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals by the attorneys general of the states of Washington and Minnesota. The list includes Apple, Google, Intel, Microsoft, Netflix, Facebook, Airbnb, Uber, Paypal, and Tesla. CNN notes some major names are missing: IBM, Palantir, Oracle, and Cisco. According to Engadget, Amazon has expressed its support but hasn't signed the brief as it's a witness in the original case. Policy analyst Marcy Wheeler traces the background of how the seven countries were selected by the Trump administration' for the travel ban. At the Lawfare blog, former FBI analyst Nora Ellingsen studies two years of FBI arrests and finds that nothing in the large body of data we have about real terrorist plots in the United States supports either a focus on barring refugees or a focus on these particular seven countries.
CNN (ban): http://cnnmon.ie/2ltMGUG
CNN (tech companies): http://cnnmon.ie/2lqR3z5
Engadget: http://engt.co/2kVTaNY
Wheeler: http://bit.ly/2lqVqdn
Lawfare: http://bit.ly/2k5PUQW


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

The fake news bogeyman
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece for Deutsche Welle, Ethan Zuckerman argues that "fake news" is a bogeyman because it means that people who disagree with us have simply been given the wrong facts. In preliminary analysis from the Media Cloud team at Harvard and MIT, the most influential fake news site ranked only 163rd in their list of most-shared sources. What gives fake news its greatest visibility is mainstream media reports about it. Propaganda and disinformation, he notes, are as old as humanity. More important is finding common ground with people we disagree with. The IFLA blog argues that libraries have a long history of verifying information, and highlights two papers published by IFLA in conjunction with The Wikipedia Library that showcase successful collaborations between the two organizations. In the Guardian, Wikipedia co-founder Jimmy Wales argues that transparency and a free and open internet is essential to combating the spread of disinformation.
DW: http://bit.ly/2k6z3Zm
IFLA: http://bit.ly/2k6pud5
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2kKGd7V

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At this YouTube channel, CPDP has posted videos of the sessions from this year's conference. Of particular note are the closing Caspar Bowden panel on surveillance; the panel on the effect of big data on the insurance industry; and the panel on populist politics and the prospects for privacy.
YouTube (CPDP channel): http://bit.ly/2kRaUuA
YouTube (Bowden): http://bit.ly/2kuCz3u
YouTube (insurance): http://bit.ly/2lqR31W
YouTube (populist): http://bit.ly/2ln0iUK

Data vigilantes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Stephen Buranyi reports on the controversy surrounding Statcheck, a computer program, written by Michèle Nuijten at Tilbert University's Meta-Research Center, that reads scientific papers and checks the mathematics behind every statistical result it encounters. An early target of Statcheck's work was the field of psychology, where researchers found that about half of the papers published in psychology journals contained a statistical error. The controversy began when Hartgerink's colleague, Chris Hartgerink, who modified the program so that it would catalogue the errors and post them online. Scientific fraud is typically estimated at around 2%; the researchers believe that the true rate is far higher.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2lqZoCR

Egypt: Civil society under phishing attack
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, the result of research it conducted with the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, Citizen Lab studies recent coordinated phishing attacks on Egyptian NGOs, intended to trick them into giving up their email and other passwords. As Citizen Lab notes, such attacks are common and relatively low-tech, but often effective. The investigators have found strong circumstantial - but not conclusive - evidence to suggest that the attack was mounted by the Egyptian government, which has been cracking down on civil society.
CitizenLab: http://bit.ly/2ltC6Nr

AI comes of age: in cars, healthcare, and journalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report from the Aspen Institute, "Artificial Intelligence Comes of Age", David Bollier summarizes its round table on artificial intelligence in connected cars, healthcare, and journalism. While the workshop did not reach any firm conclusions, it did identify key questions to ask. How should markets evolve? What are the proper forms of government regulation? What internal governance structures and safeguards should AI adopt? How can social trust in AI technologies be earned? Participants included Joi Ito (MIT Media Lab), Stuart Frankel (Narrative Science), Cynthia Breazeal (MIT Media lab), Mustafa Suleyman (Google DeepMind), David Kenny (IBM Watson), Marc Rotenberg (EPIC), and Fr E. Salobir (OPTIC, Order of Preachers).
Aspen (PDF): http://bit.ly/2k5W4kd

Irish High Court hearings on transatlantic data flows
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page and on Twitter (@maxschrems), Max Schrems is posting updates on the Irish High Court hearings in "Data Protection Commissioner v. Facebook ireland Ltd and Maximilian Schrems", which began on February 7 and are expected to last three weeks. The case concerns Facebook's use of standard contractual clauses to allow the company to transfer EU citizens' personal data to the US after the Safe Harbor agreement was voided in an earlier case brought by Schrems. The Irish data protection commissioner argues that the contracts include no provision for allowing it to suspend data flows; Facebook argues that surveillance in the US is no worse than in the EU and so its data transfers should be acceptable. Among those submitting amicus curiae briefs are the US government, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, DigitalEurope, and the British Software Alliance.
Europe v. Facebook: http://bit.ly/2lqQVPU

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Robots Exhibition
----------------------------------------
February 8 - September 13
London, UK
The Science Museum's 2017 robots exhibition includes robotic artefacts over five centuries, from a 16th century mechanized monk to the latest research developments. Focusing on why they exist rather than on how they work, the exhibition explores the ways robots mirror humanity and the insights they offer into our ambitions, desires and position in a rapidly changing world.
http://bit.ly/2kpgPn2

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Open Education Global 2017
----------------------------------------
March 8-10, 2017
Cape Town, South Africa
This year marks several important milestones in Open Education, including the 15-year anniversary of the term "Open Educational Resources" and the five-year anniversary of the Paris OER Declaration. For those who remember the start of the movement, this conference will provide the opportunity to celebrate and reflect on these and other achievements, reconnect with colleagues and friends, and learn about new ideas and initiatives.
http://bit.ly/2jUcqJp

17th TACD Multi-Stakeholder Forum
----------------------------------------
March 21, 2017
Washington, DC
This year's TACD Multi-stakeholder Forum, titled "A consumer agenda for transatlantic markets: safeguarding protections and making progress in times of political change", will bring together participants representing civil society, academics, researchers, as well government, legislators , regulatory authorities and business on both sides of the Atlantic to discuss a pro-consumer agenda for transatlantic markets.
http://bit.ly/2lmVX42

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

OER 17
----------------------------------------
April 5-6, 2017
London, UK
This year's OER will present an opportunity for open practitioners, activists, educators, and policy makers to come together to reflect on 'The Politics of Open'. Up for discussion are questions such as: What are our current key challenges and strengths - locally, nationally, and internationally? What are our priorities - in terms of political governance, organisational and personal politics? What are the changes that we want to effect together? The conference will be chaired by social and educational technologist and Wikimedia UK Trustee Josie Fraser, and Alek Tarkowski, Director of Centrum Cyfrowe, co-founder and coordinator of Creative Commons Poland.
http://bit.ly/2k5V7bC

Personal Democracy Forum 2017
----------------------------------------
April 6-7
Gdansk, Poland
The 5th edition of Personal Democracy Forum will serve as a platform for exchanging ideas and experiences for people using new technologies to work for civic participation and transparency in public life in Central and Eastern Europe.
http://bit.ly/2j7q7HT

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IFLA MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 5, 2017
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

OpenTech
----------------------------------------
May 13, 2017
London, UK
OpenTech 2017 is an informal, low cost, one-day conference on slightly different approaches to technology, experience and democracy. Talks by people who work on things that matter guarantees a day of thoughtful talks leading to conversations with friends.
http://bit.ly/2lmW53w

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

Citizen Science Conference 2017
----------------------------------------
May 17-20, 2017
St Paul, Minnesota
The biennial citizen science conference brings together a diverse group of researchers, practitioners, community organizations, and participants.
http://bit.ly/2jspOWl

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Privacy Law Scholars
----------------------------------------
June 1-2
Berkeley, California
The tenth annual Privacy Law Scholars workshop will assemble a wide array of privacy law scholars and practitioners from around the world to discuss papers in progress. Scholars from many disciplines, including psychology, economics, sociology, philosophy, political science, computer science, and mathematics also participate.
http://bit.ly/2ln2Rq3

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication
----------------------------------------
June 21-23, 2017
Geneva, Switzerland
The organizers of the biennial CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication - OAI10 - include representatives from the Open Society Foundations, SPARC, PloS, CERN, UCL, and other academic institutions..
http://bit.ly/2jzXj6X

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

Summer courses on privacy and international copyright laws
----------------------------------------
July 3-7, 2017
Amsterdam, Netherlands
These courses, run by the Institute for Information Law, are intensive post-graduate courses aimed to help professionals stay abreast of changing rules. The first, on privacy law and policy, focuses on recent developments in EU and US privacy law relating to the internet and online media. The second, on international copyright law, comprises nine seminars, each focused on one specific copyright issue.
http://bit.ly/2lmPgim

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/




News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 13 January 2017
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.
 
Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, OKFN, R3D.
 
PROGRAMME NEWS
 
Correction
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The report on an OKFN blog posting on the Open Government Partnership in the NEWS DIGEST for the week ending December 23 2016 misspelled Mor Rubinstein's last name and misreported her gender. We apologize for the error.
OKFN: http://bit.ly/2iavapN
 
Life in a Quantified Society
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Society Foundation has published a basic guide to its work on the Quantified Society, explaining the underpinning technologies and their impact on individuals' everyday lives. Topics include pervasive data collection, algorithmic decision-making, and the problems these pose for accountability and open access to information.
https://osf.to/2hTp3Ub
 
 
NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/
 
US formally accuses Russians of hacking the November elections
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Writing for the NYU Law School Just Security blog, Ronald Deibert calls the joint FBI-Department of Homeland Security report on Russian cyber interference in the 2016 US election "badly constructed". Deibert complains that the White House fails to present the evidence linking the cyber espionage operations to Russia and that much of the critical evidence vital to the public interest is being kept secret, either by the National Security Agency or by private cyber security firms. At Esquire, Kings College professor Thomas Rid outlines the background of 20 years of Russian hacks of the US and discusses the role Wikileaks played in publishing the results. The New York Times calls the situation the realisation of "Julian Assange's years-old vision". Bruce Schneier discusses the problem of attribution in cyberspace. 
JustSecurity: http://bit.ly/2iP7G6u
Esquire: http://bit.ly/2jqZ0nl
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2j7u0Jr
Schneier: http://bit.ly/2iP9qwt
 
EU: European Commission launches e-privacy directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that the European Commission has released its proposals for the e-privacy directive, which EDRi argues needs substantial improvement. It consists of three elements: a legislative proposal for replacing regulation 2001/45; a communication on the "data economy", and a communication on exchanging and protecting international data flows in a globalized world. The EC's press conference to discuss the announcement will be live-streamed on January 17.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2iOYLBR
EC (press release): http://bit.ly/2irF0Tj
EC (regulation): http://bit.ly/2j7vKCI
EC (data economy): http://bit.ly/2jf5hoE
EC (data flows): http://bit.ly/2iP4PdX
 
US: Police subpoena Amazon Echo data in murder case
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Center for Democracy and Technology reports that police investigating a murder in Bentonville, Arkansas ended 2016 by issuing a warrant to Amazon to demand that the company turn over audio recordings from an Echo home automation device. Amazon has refused to comply, and it is not clear which aspects - wiretap, stored communications, or trap and trace - of the Electronic Communications Privacy Act apply to the snippets of voice recording retained by the company. The Register reports that when a TV reporter, discussing the story of a child who accidentally ordered her family's Alexa device to order her a dollhouse, repeated on-air the command, "Alexa, order me a dollhouse", Echo devices around the country began attempting to fulfill the order. Online purchasing is turned on by default on these devices. 
CDT: http://bit.ly/2ik9PLa
Register: http://bit.ly/2iP59JA
 
Australia: Commission recommends adoption of fair use
----------------------------------------------------------------------
InfoJustice summarizes the report issued at the end of December 2016 by the Australian Government Productivity Commission has recommended the introduction of fair use into copyright law, along with other changes on patents, copyright, and enforcement. The Commission has warned that copyright is too restrictive, in both scope and length of term, and proposes introducing a system of user rights. TechDirt lists the main points and reposts the entire 766-page report, which was released under a CC-BY license.
InfoJustice: http://bit.ly/2irDiBe
TechDirt: http://bit.ly/2jE2FO0
 
New York proposes mandating passenger GPS coordinates
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Freedom to Tinker reports that New York City's Taxi and Limousine Commission has proposed a new rule that would require car service platform companies such as Lyft and Uber to add GPS coordinates of customers' drop-off and pick-up points to existing requirements. New York's Freedom of Information law would make the bulk data subject to full public release. The stated justification is to combat "driver fatigue" and improve safety; however, the rule does not match the purpose and raises serious threats to passenger privacy. 
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2irFHvI
 
Germany, Peru, Taiwan: Scientists lose access to Elsevier journals
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Nature reports on the alternatives being pursued by scientists in Germany, Peru, and Taiwan now that their access to Elsevier journals has ended. Peru's government has terminated funding to pay for a license. Contract negotiations in Germany and Taiwan broke down in December; because negotiations resumed in Taiwan in early January, Elsevier has granted a one-month extension to the Taiwanese universities that had canceled their subscriptions.
Nature: http://go.nature.com/2jeF7Tq
 
Iran: Pornography filter breaks browsers across the world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Verge reports that 256 websites, many of them pornographic, were blocked for users from Russia to Hong Kong when Iran activated a censorship filter using a technique called BGP hijacking that directs computers to phony routes. Iran's national telecom company is pivotal to the transit of data through the region. The situation began to resolve after approximately 28 hours. At its blog, Dyn has more detail and background on BGP hacking in general and Iranian censorship in particular.
Verge: http://bit.ly/2jeNezz
Dyn: http://bit.ly/2inpZi1
 
AI research fund founded to promote research into the public interest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
TechCrunch reports that LinkedIn founder Reid Hoffman and eBay founder Pierre Omidyar have each put $10 million into seeding the $27 million Ethics and Governance of Artificial intelligence Fund to promote research into artificial intelligence in the public interest. As algorithms make an increasing range of key decisions with ramifications throughout society, the Fund's founders believe it's crucial that AI research should include input from many disciplines, including social science, law, ethics, and religion. The founding academic institutions will be the MIT Media Lab and Harvard's Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society. 
TechCrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2jeGAJo
 
FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/
 
Chaos Computer Congress 33
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian piece, Alex Hern lists five key technologies talks at the 2016 Chaos Computer Congress identified as broken: intercoms, boarding cards, smart meters, elections, and random number generators. At his blog, Edward Hasbrouck discusses the boarding card issues - which he highlighted more than 15 years ago - in greater detail. CCC-TV makes available video of the conference talks; EDRi's page highlights those given by its members and observers on topics such as German state surveillance, the state of internet politics in Austria, and the issues surrounding law enforcement hacking. Among notable talks is Aylin Caliskin's discussion of prejudice in word embeddings - language models that translate words into numeric vectors for uses such as web search, sentiment analysis, and machine learning. 
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2irLcdV
Hasbrouck: http://bit.ly/2jLU8Ne
C3: http://bit.ly/2iP3ZO8
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2ikipcT
C3 (Caliskin): http://bit.ly/2ikbyQK
 
Building the LibreRouter
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this interview at Global Voice, published in Spanish and English, Gui Iribarren, vice-president of AlterMundi, discusses the LibreRouter project, which aims to make it easier to get online without relying on a corporate hardware manufacturer and build community networks. AlterMundi expects to delivery the first version of this router to community networks in Argentina and South Africa.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2jr3tGL
 
(Dis)Information mercenaries
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, University of Zurich mathematician and PersonalData.io founder Paul-Olivier Dehaye studies the methodology of Cambridge Analytica, which has been widely reported to have helped the Trump campaign micro-target messages based on the thousands of data points it claims to have on every American. Dehaye reports that the same vendor and its affiliates have built "PSYOPS" dashboards to manipulate populations in Libya, Afghanistan, and countless other countries. In a YouTube talk, Cambridge Analytica founder Alexander Nix discusses the power of big data.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2j7IhGa
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2ikeFbe
 
The real name fallacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Coral Project blog posting, J.Nathan Matias dissects the fallacy that requiring real names will end bad online behavior. Among his points: most online attackers are already known to their targets in real life; identity protection is important for vulnerable people; and many hate groups seek legitimacy by operating openly. Design alone is not a solution, and the outcomes of such efforts should be systematically tested.
Coral Project: http://bit.ly/2jDUf9s
 
The new world
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series of radio programs the BBC explores aspects of "The New World" such as globalisation, changing demographics, the rise of anti-elitist populism, the balance of power, and the "post-truth" world. Each piece traces its topic back to the roots of the change, seeking to answer the main question, "When did this happen?"
BBC: http://bbc.in/2ik4gfL
 
Cyberwar for sale
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this piece from the New York Times magazine, Mattathias Schwartz explores the activities of the privately-owned Milan-based surveillance software maker Hacking Team as revealed by documents made public after the company was itself hacked. The Mexican civil liberties group R3D, for example, was able to use the leaked documents to unveil surveillance in the state of Puebla; Mexico is Hacking Team's largest export market. Hacking Team has fewer than 50 employees, but its global roster of companies include the FBI, the Drug Enforcement Administration, Egypt, Honduras, Uzbekistan, Turkey, and Sudan. Once surreptitiously installed on a target's computer or phone, Hacking Team's Remote Control System software can secretly eavesdrop on location data, text messages, email, phone, and Skype calls, grabbing the data before it can be encrypted. The article also explores the spread of the belief that "privacy is secrecy and secrecy is terrorism".
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2ik90SC
 
 
***
 
DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.
 
Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9
 
Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6
 
Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1
 
Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. 
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ
 
We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI
 
TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ
 
2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs? 
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2
 
Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all. 
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P
 
MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices. 
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp
 
4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E
 
IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field. 
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj
 
Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection 
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers. 
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN
 
Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W
 
Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp
 
IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals". 
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa
 
Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields. 
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo
 
***
 
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Update (1/4/2017): corrected Mor Rubinstein's spelling and gender.

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 23 December 2016
====================================================
The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, Tactical Tech.

PROGRAM NEWS

Life in a Quantified Society
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Society Foundation has published a basic guide to its work on the Quantified Society, explaining the underpinning technologies and their impact on individuals' everyday lives. Topics include pervasive data collection, algorithmic decision-making, and the problems these pose for accountability and open access to information.
https://osf.to/2hTp3Ub


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

UK: European Court of Justice rules UK bulk data collection illegal
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Open Rights Group reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled that it is illegal for governments to indiscriminately collect emails and electronic communications in bulk. The ruling may trigger legal challenges to Britain's newly-passed Investigatory Powers Act. Other key points of the judgment: no blanket data retention; notification of the persons affected after the investigation has concluded; limitation to serious crime; independent authorisation. The case, which was backed by ORG, Privacy International, Liberty, and the Law Society, was originally brought by the MPs Tom Watson and David Davis against the 2014 Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Act. Davis was forced to drop out when he joined the present government as Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.
ORG: http://bit.ly/2ifnU8j
Judgement: http://bit.ly/2ha0TpD

Uber launches self-driving cars in San Francisco
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The San Francisco Examiner reports that shortly after Uber sent its self-driving cars out on the streets of San Francisco for the first time, one of the cars was caught on video apparently running a red light, one of two near-accidents that have been reported involving these cars. Uber calls the incidents "driver error", and, the New York Times reports, continues to refuse to apply for permits for the cars, despite orders to do so from the California Department of Motor Vehicles. Uber argues that because the cars have human drivers present, permits are not required. Reveal News reports that in a deposition filed in a lawsuit he has brought, the company's former forensic investigator, Ward Spangenberg, says that company employees can and do spy on customers. Spangenberg claims he was fired for objecting to Uber's illegal and reckless practices.
SF Examiner: http://bit.ly/2h1IVSR
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2hcrbsS
Reveal News: http://bit.ly/2h9V7Ei

OpenStreetView project seeks to rival Google
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Register reports that Telenav, a supporter of the OpenStreetMap project, has launched OpenStreetView, a project intended to create an open source version of Google's Street View. Contributors use the OpenStreetView software to upload images from GoPro cameras or Android phones fitted with OBD2 dongles that fit into the port supplied on newer cars. So far, contributors have uploaded 40,000 kilometres' worth of images. The Register notes that the effort is at an early stage, and other such projects have been tried before only to fizzle.
Register: http://bit.ly/2hcsJDj

US: President-elect Donald Trump meets tech leaders
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ReCode's Kara Swisher reports on the meeting US President-elect Donald Trump called with tech company leaders including Jeff Bezos (Amazon), Satya Nadella (Microsoft), Tim Cook (Apple), Sheryl Sandberg (Facebook), Larry Page (Google), Elon Musk (Tesla), and Peter Thiel. Twitter was notably not invited. In a piece written when the meeting was announced, Swisher argued that these leaders should stand up for the social and democratic values they have often claimed to represent. Afterwards, she reported on the subjects the group actually raised: the need for more H1B visas to enable foreign workers to come to the US; STEM education; maternity leave; China; infrastructure spending; and the tax treatment of repatriated assets. EFF suggests that if Trump really wants to help these companies he should adopt policies that protect users and innovation from policies that threaten privacy, civil liberties, and a free internet. At Medium, Ben Rattray, CEO and founder of Change.org, discusses the changes technology platforms need to make to satisfy the public's genuine civic needs.
ReCode (before): http://on.recode.net/2h1GeAG
ReCode (after): http://on.recode.net/2i0ESaX
EFF: http://bit.ly/2h9Snqo
Medium: http://bit.ly/2hTuy4U

Germany: Universities sever Elsevier subscriptions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that more than 60 German universities are preparing to lose access on January 1 to hundreds of journals published by Elsevier after failing to reach agreement on pricing and licensing. British scientists have filed a complaint over market abuse. Overall, 16,000 scientists have signed a pledge to cease providing articles or conducting peer review for Elsevier, following a call by mathematician Tim Gowers in 2012, though Frontiers in Research Metrics and Analytics estimates that as many as 38% may have continued to publish. Kiwi reports that Finland, where the FinELib consortium of libraries and universities continues to negotiate, may wind up in the same situation as Germany.
IPW: http://bit.ly/2hHLpKe
FIRMA: http://bit.ly/2hV2DEh
Kiwi: http://bit.ly/2ifjoXs


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Fighting back against the "war on cash"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at The Long and Short, Brett Scott argues that it's essential to fight back against "the war on cash", as the cashless society will see all transactions intermediated, and says that we should be concerned for those who will be excluded and left behind by such a system. Venezuela and India provide cases in point, as both have abruptly "demonetised" some of their higher-value notes. Mashable reports on the resulting currency crunch in India, and also finds that deaths have resulted when hospitals, ambulances, and pharmacies have refused to accept the old money. The Economic Times reports on the more chaotic situation in Venezuela, where the much less popular government discontinued the highest-value bank note on three days' notice before replacements were ready.
Long and Short: http://bit.ly/2d1pa11
Mashable: http://on.mash.to/2h1IKqI
Economic Times: http://bit.ly/2hrelmu

Fake news and how to stop it
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this podcast at Radio Berkman, Zeynep Tufecki and Jonathan Zittrain discuss the mechanics of fake news dissemination and express concern about some of the strategies proposed to combat it. At his blog, science fiction writer Charlie Stross kicks off a wide-ranging, multi-faceted discussion with eleven tweets that explain why Twitter and fake news were made for each other. In an interview with National Public Radio, Buzzfeed editor Craig Silverman discloses the results of his site's investigation: the vast majority are funded via Google's AdSense. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr finds out how to bump the neo-Nazi, white supremacist group Stormfront off the top of Google's search results for "Did the Holocaust happen?": buy an ad. In her recent documentary, The Brainwashing of My Dad, filmmaker Jen Senko studies the development of the right-wing media machine built in the US over the last several decades, basing its success on emotion over facts.
Radio Berkman: http://bit.ly/2hrdF0x
Stross: http://bit.ly/2h9P4zH
NPR: http://n.pr/2ialY4X
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2iaxUUn
Senko: http://bit.ly/2ifqevS

Open Government Partnership Summit in review
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at OKFN, Mor Rubinstein reviews this year's Open Government Partnership Summit. Rubinstein praises better gender diversity but is concerned at the absence of government ministers and the relative silence of UK civil society. The latter leads her to point to a recent posting at CivicHall by mySociety co-founder Tom Steinberg, who argues that open data efforts to date have been too polite and constructively collaborative; transparency, Steinberg writes, is only ever beaten out of governments with a stick.
OKFN: http://bit.ly/2iavapN
CivicHall: http://bit.ly/2hrffPU

Google, the EU, and antitrust
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Harvard Business Review, Bala Iyer and U. Srinivasa Rangan discuss Google's defence against the European Commission's charges that the company unfairly advantages its own shopping service over those of competitors; uses its AdSense service to improperly restrict third-party websites from displaying ads served up by competitors; and exploits the dominant position of its Android operating system. The authors believe Google has mounted an effective rebuttal to the first two charges but believe to prevail on the third Google will need to argue that competition in the mobile space is qualitatively different. Specifically, they suggest that antitrust law needs to change to accept that a company isn't dominant in the classical sense simply because it is dominant in one ecosystem; winners can change at any time when newer innovation appears.
Harvard: http://bit.ly/2hcBxZU

AI snake oil, fake tech, good stories, and uncritical media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the first of a series, Dan Simon discusses how to tell if the claims someone is making for artificial intelligence software are true. The questions he suggests asking include: where the training data will come from and whether an evaluation procedure is built in. At ReCode, Phil Baker discusses "fake tech" using the recent failures of Magic Leap and Theranos as examples. Magic Leap, an augmented reality company, hired a New Zealand special effects company to create video simulations it claimed were genuine product demonstrations, netting it $1.9 billion in funding. Theranos claimed to be able to conduct dozens of tests from the tiny amounts of blood collected from a finger stick; its value topped $9 billion before its claims were discredited earlier this year. Vanity Fair's Nick Bilton tells the Theranos story in detail, starting with the scepticism of Wall Street Journal reporter John Carreyrou when confronted with the company's refusal to disclose to either investors or scientists how its medical technology worked. Both Baker and Bilton argue that what's needed is a more critical, better-trained technology press.
Dan Simon: http://bit.ly/2hcELwi
ReCode: http://on.recode.net/2iateOd
Vanity Fair (Theranos): http://bit.ly/2hTubrj
Vanity Fair (press): http://bit.ly/2hcviVX

The Glass Room
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On these web pages, Tactical Tech wraps up its Glass Room exhibition, which sought to demonstrate to visitors the data collection present in everyday life. The site provides photographs, interviews with visitors, and a "data detox kit" to help individuals identify and limit the many sources of data collection in their lives.
Tactical Tech: http://bit.ly/2hTvwOZ

China: Building the world's first digital totalitarian state
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, The Economist outlines the "digital totalitarian state" that China is building via its "social credit" system. Although a 2014 pilot scheme in Suining county, north of Shanghai, was a failure, about 30 governments are collecting data to support the system. By 2020, the Chinese government intends the system to "allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step". The Economist foresees two big hurdles for a surveillance system at such a scale: first, the quality of data; second, the ability to analyse it. Nonetheless, it concludes, many of the pieces are ready.
Economist: http://econ.st/2hUWdVC

Facebook content reviews
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Süddeutsche Zeitung Magazin, Till Krause and Hannes Grassegger talk to members of the 600-person Berlin-based team, employed by Bertelsmann subsidiary Arvato, that reviews content at Facebook. Many report struggling with psychological issues due to their exposure to images of torture, murder, and child abuse coupled with their lack of training or support. They also discuss the unclear and inconsistent rules of deletion they must follow and other stresses of their jobs
SDZ Magazin: http://bit.ly/2hHEb8U

The 3D printing revolution that wasn't
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Medium's Backchannel, Andrew Zaleski analyses the failure of MakerBot, which bet unsuccessfully that 3D printers would become as ubiquitous as microwave ovens. What began as an open source company, he writes, over-extended when it acquired venture capital funding and became closed-source after its acquisition in 2013 by Stratasys. The market for home desktop 3D printers has never reached the levels MakerBot founder Bre Prettis thought they would, and the difficulties of design mean it possibly never will. Last year, 270,000 desktop 3D printers were sold, but nearly all went to schools and businesses.
Backchannel: http://bit.ly/2i0zTqO


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Next Library Festival 2017
----------------------------------------
June 11-14, 2017
Aarhus, Denmark
Next Library 2017 will offer a "patchwork" of co-learning, co-creative, participatory, engaging, pluralistic and interactive meetings, and lots of parallel sessions, keynote speakers, wildcard sessions, demos/exhibitions, gaming, Networking Dinner Party, Get2Gether, Social un-conferences, alternative events and surprises.
http://bit.ly/2hHNt4W

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

Privacy + Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 4-6, 2017
Washington, DC
The conference breaks down the silos of security and privacy by bringing together leaders from both fields.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 12 December 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Iceland: The Pirate Party asked to form government
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Register reports that a new proclamation has asked Iceland's The Pirate Party (TPP) leader Birgitta Jonsdottir to lead negotiations with other parties to form a government. Two parties won more votes than TPP in the last election, but both have failed to secure a working majority.
Register: http://bit.ly/2h4avTi

Italy: Court rules embedding isn't copyright infringement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the appeal court of Rome has overturned one of the 152 website blocks imposed a month ago and ruled that embedding - incorporating a link that displays third-party content - does not constitute a copyright infringement. The court based its ruling on that of the European Court of Justice in the recent BestWater case, where the court held that embedding is not an infringement if the material is already accessible to the general public. The battle over linking continues in Brussels, where new copyright rules are under negotiation.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2gIt8ZY

Fake news leads armed man to "self-investigate" DC pizzeria
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Washington Post reports that local police have arrested a man armed with an assault rifle who visited a pizzeria to "self-investigate" a false conspiracy theory involving Hillary Clinton that spread online during her presidential campaign. At the Guardian, Carole Cadwalladr raises the question of platform responsibility when she uses Google's search autocomplete feature to uncover a growing, parallel universe of right-wing fake news. This universe, hidden in plain sight, is increasingly penetrating the rest of the web and is being used to track, monitor, and influence anyone who comes across its content. The resulting micro-targeting is opaque enough to evade election laws about fair campaigning. The BBC profiles a small town in Macedonia where teenagers are earning quick money from writing fake news that Americans will click on.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2h4hbAQ
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnsDj
BBC: http://bbc.in/2gjDWkV

The Gambia: President shuts down internet for election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that the government of The Gambia turned off internet access and international phone calls the night before the election. The sitting president, Yahya Jammeh, was seeking his sixth term using what writer Deji Olukotun describes as "Trump rhetoric" in a country where votes are cast by using marbles. Following the unexpected election of Adama Barro, the government turned internet access and international phone calls back on.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2gjE1VL

EU threatens social media with regulating hate speech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that the European Commission has said that companies like Microsoft, Yahoo, Twitter, Google, and Google's YouTube will have to act faster to tackle hate speech or face regulation. The Commission is not satisfied with moves the companies have made under the code of conduct agreed six months ago, which requires action on reports within 24 hours. A recent report shows that today only 40% of reports are acted in within that time.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2hdVJqW

Attacks create million-router botnet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Dan Goodin reports that some 900,000 routers issued by Deutsche Telekom to customers were attacked during the last weekend of November, along with similar routers used by non-DT customers. Attackers exploited a flaw that left the routers open for remote management. Shortly afterwards, The Register reported similar attacks aimed at UK routers issued by TalkTalk and the Post Office. The San Francisco Chronicle reports that the local MUNI public transport system was attacked by ransomware that demanded a payment of 100 bitcoin (about $73,000). Rather than pay the ransom, MUNI officials turned off the system and allowed travellers to ride for free. The Chronicle estimates the cost at about $50,000; the attack was traced to an employee who clicked on a link in a phishing email.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2hauPj9
Register: http://bit.ly/2hsh7aZ
SF Chronicle: http://bit.ly/2gjFvzw

Trump seeks internet shutdown capabilities
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNN reports that President-elect Donald Trump has called for shutting down the internet in some areas to stop the spread of terror and explains why he'll find it difficult. At The Intercept, Sam Biddle reports that of nine technology companies asked if they would sell their services to help Trump construct the Muslim registry he has repeatedly said he favours, only one - Twitter - issued an unequivocal "no".
CNN: http://cnnmon.ie/2h4kZ59
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2h4mssa


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Colombia: Where is my data?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF summarises "¿Dónde están mis datos?", a report recently published by leading Colombian digital rights organisation Fundacion Karisma. While Colombian telecommunications companies have not yet adopted best practices for privacy and transparency reporting, two key companies, ETB and Telefónica-Movistar, have significantly improved. The country's privacy law has not kept pace with other parts of the world, making telecommunications companies crucial players in protecting user privacy.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2hdPUtF

Elections and data-driven psychometrics
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy article (in German) at PersonalData.io, Mikael Krogerus and Hannes Grassegger explore the connections between the election of Donald Trump and Michal Kosinski and his work on data-driven psychometrics. Kosinski's work refining his use of Facebook "Likes" to create precise personality profiles provided the underpinnings for Cambridge Analytica's approach to data-driven communications, which the company claims helped win the EU Leave campaign in Britain and elect Donald Trump. By way of comparison, in 2012 Technology Reviiew outlined the data practices that got Barack Obama elected to a second term.
PersonalData: http://bit.ly/2haD5j8
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2hmA1UE
Technology Review: http://bit.ly/2grEHH9

The privacy risks of data in the cloud
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Privacy Surgeon, Privacy International founder and former executive director Simon Davies discusses privacy protection for data held in the cloud. Davies analyses two current cases. First, Microsoft continues to fight a court order that would force it to reveal user emails held on its Irish servers. Second, the US Congress is considering legislation that would grant law enforcement access to such data "based on mutual recognition of 'human rights standards'". In the UK, Davies says, similar plans lack transparency. In a blog posting, The Engine Room, traces the explicit links between data collection and human rights abuses.
Privacy Surgon: http://bit.ly/2gjJZpL
Engine Room: http://bit.ly/2gjOeSa

The anxieties of artificial intelligence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Guardian article, Intel anthropologist Genevieve Bell discusses humans, AI, and why a technology company needs an anthropologist. Humans, she says, fear being made irrelevant. The question is not whether AIs will rise up and kill us but whether we will give them the tools to do so. Meanwhile, the Internet of Things will make some things visible that are not now; Bell's example is the discovery that cows that can milk themselves prefer to do so five or six times a day rather than once or twice. Ben Evans considers the implications of combining floods of photography with AI.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2hsnWtc
Ben Evans: http://bit.ly/2gIuoMJjt

Contracts and the Internet of Things
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Jotwell posting, Nancy Kim summarises a lengthy legal journal article by Stacy-Ann Elvy analysing whether (US) contract law is ready for the Internet of Things. The short answer: no. Elvy discusses issues such as consent, how Internet of Things devices should be regarded under the law, and information asymmetry. She makes recommendations for how courts should consider such issues, and urges the Uniform Law Commission and American Law Institute to change doctrinal rules to take the new commercial environment into account.
Jotwell: http://bit.ly/2haAcPv

Fifty-two surprising lessons for 2016
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium posting, Fluxx consultant Tom Whitwell lists 52 surprising things he learned in 2016. Number one is the existence of a service called Call Me Baby, which supplies human voices to scams that need them in a variety of languages.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2gIy80l


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

2017 IFLA International News Media Conference
----------------------------------------
April 27-28, 2017
Reykjavik, Iceland
This conference will examine issues and challenges in collecting and preserving the news and making it available to users. Do access and preservation have different prerequisites? In addition, the conference will explore how news media is used and transformed by researchers and the public. Can we recognize variable user needs? Do we offer the most suitable APIs?
http://bit.ly/2gjYmu2

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

MetLib 2017
----------------------------------------
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
The 2017 programme theme is "Partnerships: Creating a new vision for libraries". Among the subthemes will be discussions of how and why to use, form, and manage partnerships, management tools, and best practices.
http://bit.ly/2ghPOPp

4th Africa Library Summit and 2nd AfLIA conference
----------------------------------------
May 14-20, 2017
Yaounde, Cameroon
Moved from Ethiopia to the site of the second bidder due to safety concerns, this conference co-locates the fourth Africa Library Sumit and the second African Library and Information Associations and Institutions conference.
http://bit.ly/2hsw64E

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://bit.ly/2hsqUhj

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 25 November 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Open Rights Group.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US confirms end of Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the White House has confirmed the end of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement as Congressional leaders have indicated they will not pass the trade deal before President Obama leaves office; president-elect Donald Trump repeatedly attacked the deal during the election campaign. EFF assesses the damage in other countries: New Zealand has now passed the implementing legislation required to ratify TPP, including an extension to copyright to author's life plus 70 years. In Japan, the ratifying bill has passed the lower house. Finally, the remaining countries, led by Mexico and Japan, may decide to conclude the agreement without the US.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fIVfHV
EFF: http://bit.ly/2gjLVtV

UK: Parliament passes the Investigatory Powers bill
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ZDNet reports that the Investigatory Powers bill - also knows as the "Snooper's Charter" - has passed both houses of Parliament and now merely awaits Royal Assent to become law. The law will require internet service providers to store every customer's real-time top-level web history for up to a year; force companies to decrypt data on demand; and allow intelligence agencies to hack into all computer hardware ("bulk equipment interference"). Open Rights Group executive director Jim Killock has called the bill "the most extreme surveillance law ever passed in a democracy". At its blog, ORG cites chapter five of its 2015 report to remind readers that Donald Trump's incoming US administration is likely to have access to all this data, given the close relationship between the NSA and GCHQ. However, the Guardian reports that Germany fears Britain's EU departure plans may cause it to pull out of an EU intelligence-sharing program intended to combat terrorism and promote security. Computer Weekly notes that opposing organizations include the National Union of Journalists and that the legal challenge mounted by the MPs Tom Watson and David Davis (now withdrawn) against the bill's predecessor, the Data Protection and Investigatory Powers Act, is still pending in the European Court of Justice.
ZDNet: http://zd.net/2fse15p
ORG: http://bit.ly/2fVyByW
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2g7TpAU
CW: http://bit.ly/2fIYQp9

Cameroon: Government launches campaign against social media
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that the government of Cameroon has launched a campaign against social media; the government-controlled Cameroon Tribune has called social media "a threat to peace and a secret instrument of manipulation". After a recent train derailment, pictures and videos of the accident were being posted on Facebook, Twitter, and other platforms while the government was still denying the accident had taken place.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2fVpTRf

Russian hackers target US political NGOs and think tanks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Security journalist Brian Krebs reports that according to a report from the DC-based cyber incident response firm Volexity, shortly after Donald Trump became the presumptive US president-elect, the Russian "The Dukes" hacker gang launched a series of targeted phishing campaigns against American political think tanks and NGOs. The Dukes is best known for hacking into computer networks at the US Democratic National Committee. Volexity provides the details of the five waves of attacks so far but notes they are ongoing; the firm believes the hackers are working to gain long-term access to the networks of the groups they're targeting.
Krebs: http://bit.ly/2gEbLgj
Volexity: http://bit.ly/2fVBBLC

Facebook gears up to fight fake news
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that a week after denying that fake news could influence voters - and a few days after the German Justice Minister indicates that he believes Facebook should be regulated like a media company - Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced initiatives to tackle the dissemination of misinformation on his company's platform. A Buzzfeed analysis found that fake election news stories outperformed real news on Facebook. Buzzfeed also reports that teens in the Balkans are duping Trump supporters with fake news. At Medium, ethnographer Christine Xu compares the state of fake news and propaganda in the US and China, where the media are so distrusted that misinformation is easily spread via family and friends. Monday Note editor Frederic Filloux analyses the way the mainstream media's changed business model helped drive Donald Trump to the presidency. The New York Times reports that meanwhile Facebook has been developing software to enable a third party to suppress posts in individuals' news feeds in specific geographic areas; the initiative is believed to be intended to give the company access to the Chinese market. The Verge reports that Facebook has acquired Crowdtangle, a software company whose products were being used by journalists to track the spread of fake news, and also that a list of "fake news sites" compiled by Massachusetts journalism professor Melissa Zimdar, rapidly publicized by major news organizations, included many satire and parody websites, as well as Private Eye's own site and, reports IB Times, Breitbart.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fsmxkO
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2gpWOLM
Buzzfeed (outperformance): http://bzfd.it/2fbrBi4
Buzzfeed (Macedonia): http://bzfd.it/2gjUPaI
Monday Note: http://bit.ly/2fJcyIH
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2fsp5zb
Verge: http://bit.ly/2gjRrwv
IBTimes: http://bit.ly/2fVCaoV

Regulating smart cars
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the Center for Democracy and Technology, Joseph Jerome discusses how smart cars should be regulated. The US National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is charged with regulating motor vehicle safety, but privacy and cyber security lie outside its realm of experience and expertise, and it has sent mixed signals about whether it reviews these as safety issues. Also potentially involved are the Federal Trade Commission, whose consumer protection mandate includes privacy, and the Federal Communications Commission, which has the power to regulate technologies, such as broadband, that it designates as telecommunications services. Jerome hopes the three will collaborate effectively.
CDT: http://bit.ly/2gpSXi9

FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Code programmers are ashamed of writing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium, Bill Sourour discusses code he remains ashamed of having written and urges other programmers to think about the effects of their code before they write it. The post has set off myriad confessions from programmers about the unethical and illegal things they've been asked to do, which Business Insider summarizes. Many argue that ethics should be included in computer science and programming courses. Sourour was originally inspired to write his post by the video of Bob Martin's talk "The Future of Programming".
Medium: http://bit.ly/2gpW89a
BusinessInsider: http://read.bi/2fbqKOp
YouTube (Martin): http://bit.ly/2fVHI2L

Internet freedom under pressure
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report, Freedom House studies the state of app and social media crackdowns worldwide. In the interests of blocking access, 15 governments worldwide have shut down the entire internet or mobile network. Among the key findings for 2016: for the sixth consecutive year internet freedom has declined; 67% of internet users live in countries which censor criticism of the government, military, or ruling family; 38 countries (27%) have made arrests based on social media postings; secure, speedy apps like WhatsApp are increasingly the target of government action. The worst-scoring countries for internet freedom are China, Iran, Syria, and Ethiopia. Online Censorship's report covering April to November 2016 finds increasing numbers of complaints about politically-motivated censorship, much of it pertaining to the US election.
Freedom House: http://bit.ly/2fvarKW
Online Censorship (PDF): http://bit.ly/2fVDSXl

Liberia: Lessons from the attack that may not have happened
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now discusses the recent reports that the entire country of Liberia was taken offline by a botnet attack. Security researchers, officials, and Access Now's local partners all have reported no effective decline in connectivity. However, given that connectivity to Liberia and many other countries on the West coast of Africa is primarily supplied by a single submarine cable, Access Now argues that much greater attention needs to be paid to resilience and that we need to make it harder to shut down the internet. Steve Song discusses the costs of data connections in Africa, noting that it costs more to get data from Africa's interior countries to the coast than it does the rest of the way to Europe.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2fVDtUx
Song: http://bit.ly/2gl4iCt

Ethics all the way down
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this TED talk video, Zeynep Tufecki argues that machine intelligence can fail in ways that humans won't predict and that therefore we can't outsource our decisions to machines: "It's ethics all the way down." In a podcast discussion at O'Reilly Radar, data scientist Hilary Mason makes similar points while discussing current research projects at her company Fast Forward Labs and the barriers to adopting AI.
TED: http://bit.ly/2fvaZjP
O'Reilly: http://oreil.ly/2fbBlJc

Children's rights and data protection
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE Media Policy Project, Ghent professor Eva Lievens discusses the impact of the new General Data Protection Regulation on children's rights. Among her concerns are the provisions requiring parental consent for children under 16; treating children over that age as adults with respect to data processing; and the omission of age-related concerns from the many other articles in the regulation. Ghent will begin a four-year research project to evaluate this law critically and monitor its implementation on children, and Lievens urges other researchers to help provide an in-depth, evidence-based understanding of how children's right to privacy and data protection should be protected.
LSE: http://bit.ly/2gEhGSt


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Digital Democracy workshop
November 27, 2016
London, England
The Digital Democracy afternoon workshop, a collaboration of Cybersalon and the Digital Liberties Register, will explore digital deliberation and how to design online participatory processes that work for and empower everyone.
http://bit.ly/2gl7z4w

Latin America in a Glimpse
----------------------------------------
December 5, 2016
Guadalajara, Mexico
Derechos Digitales, IFEX-ALC, and Coding Rights (Brazil) will present a summary of the most important trends of the past year in digital rights in Latin America. The roundtable discussions are intended to help the international community to connect and better understand the reality of human rights on the internet in Latin America. Main topics will be digital surveillance and the right to be forgotten.
http://bit.ly/2g83opK

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

We Robot
----------------------------------------
March 31-April 1, 2017
New Haven, Connecticut
The sixth annual We Robot will be held at Yale Law School and will focus on the coming legal and policy conflicts as robots and AI become part of daily life.
http://bit.ly/2fVF2SI

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
The 38th annual meeting will present developments in computer security and electronic privacy, and for bringing together researchers and practitioners in the field.
http://www.ieee-security.org/TC/SP2017/index.html

Workshop on Technology and Consumer Protection
----------------------------------------
May 22-24, 2017
San Jose, California
Co-hosted with the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy, ConPro will explore computer science topics with an impact on consumers. This workshop has a strong security and privacy slant, with an overall focus on ways in which computer science can prevent, detect, or address the potential for technology to deceive or unfairly harm consumers.
http://bit.ly/2fJ6ShN

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

IFLA World Libraries and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 19-25, 2017
Wroclaw, Poland
The theme of the 83rd annual IFLA congress will be "Achieving a healthy future together: diverse and emerging roles for health information professionals".
http://bit.ly/2gErkVa

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 11 November 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Privacy International.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US elects Donald Trump as 45th president
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In the wake of Donald Trump's election as US president, the Guardian reports that Facebook is being accused of spreading misinformation and "fake news". Two weeks ago, the New York Times critiqued the methods used by the USC/LA Times poll to explain why two unusual weightings made it the only outlier that consistently predicted Trump's victory. CS Monitor summarises what's known about the president-elect's likely cyber security policies. EFF blogs that Trump's victory ends all chance of passing the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement, but warns that other countries are still passing the necessary supporting legislation, and therefore the impact of the copyright provisions will remain. At The Intercept, Glenn Greenwald writes angrily about the failure of Western institutions and elites to take seriously the suffering of those left out of their comfort zone.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2fH8XhL
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2eJdb3V
CS Monitor: http://bit.ly/2fHFHUb
EFF: http://bit.ly/2fHIP40
Intercept: http://bit.ly/2eYyxuZ

Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg under investigation in Germany
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that Munich prosecutors are investigating Mark Zuckerberg and other Facebook executives over a complaint that Facebook has failed to remove 438 hate speech and seditious postings that are contrary to German law. Similar charges have already been dismissed by the Hamburg court, but Bavaria may take a different view.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2fCMkbG

UAE surveillance contractor recruits hackers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
BoingBoing reports that the UAE-based company DarkMatter, which describes itself as a major state security contractor, has been bombarding sophisticated security experts with recruitment emails. Near-hires say the job is weaponising zero-day vulnerabilities so the UAE can carry out fine-grained surveillance against its citizens. DarkMatter, which has poached staff from companies like Google, Qualcomm, McAfee, and encrypted messaging service Wickr, denies the claims. BoingBoing notes that DarkMatter is believed to have hired the team that carried out the Stealth Falcon attack on journalists.
BoingBoing: http://bit.ly/2fWBZLt

UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal challenged in European Court of Justice
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Rights Watch reports that it and six individuals have taken a challenge to the European Court of Justice to demand that the UK Investigatory Powers Tribunal confirm whether or not the individuals were subject to surveillance by GCHQ, as well as whether the surveillance was lawful. The case is based on claims filed with the tribunal in 2015; in that case, the tribunal dismissed the claims of individuals not resident in the UK and issued a "no determination" ruling for the rest. Meanwhile, The Register reports that the Investigatory Powers Bill has completed its passage through Parliament but Royal Assent is being delayed for a week. At issue is an amendment that would force press to join the government-approved regulator created after the phone hacking scandals.
HRW: http://bit.ly/2fH9Fvb
Register: http://bit.ly/2fH3DLk

Iceland: Pirate Party wins ten parliamentary seats
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that Iceland's Pirate Party came in second in the country's October 30 general election, giving it ten parliamentary seats out of 63. The Register adds that the Pirate Party has, however, rejected the offer of a seat in the coalition government the conservative Independent Party will now form, saying it is "looking to make a change, not to gain power".
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2eYCS16
Register: http://bit.ly/2fq2lRD

CJEU rules that IP addresses can be personal data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the European Court of Justice has ruled that dynamic IP addresses - that is, Internet Protocol addresses assigned temporarily, for example by a mobile network operator - can be personal data. German Pirate Party politician Patrick Breyer had brought an action asking the courts to issue an injunction preventing websites from collecting and storing his dynamic IP address so that German authorities could not build up a picture of his interests. CJEU ruled that such IP addresses could be personal data if the website in question had additional information that allowed it to identify individuals. In its blog, the Bird & Bird legal firm discusses the judgment in detail, and says the ruling may have substantial impact on analytics and other standard industry practices.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2ePdwFv


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Brazil: The battle for encryption
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, Privacy International discusses the situation regarding encryption in Brazil, where WhatsApp has been asked to disable its encryption to aid criminal investigations even though no law limits the use of encryption. The core of the investigations is being kept secret; however, draft bills legalising blocking applications such as frequent target WhatsApp are under debate in the National Congress.
PI: http://bit.ly/2g2p226

The internet is loosening our grip on the truth
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this New York Times article, Farhad Manjoo argues that the internet is loosening our grip on the truth, using the just-concluded "fact-free" US presidential election as Exhibit A. Manjoo weighs studies of the internet's echo chamber effect, and finds that even documentary proof is losing its power to persuade, while lies have become institutionalised despite the rise of a mass of fact-checking sites. Manjoo does not consider the wider influence of partisan mass media.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2fpX5xv

Principles for countering violent extremism online
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Access Now introduces a policy guide for proposals to prevent or counter violent extremism online. Such proposals are "a minefield for human rights", and risk blocking satire, political protest, journalism, and community activism; they also risk undermining existing law protecting freedom of expression and privacy. The guide offers principles and recommendations.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/2eJbIun

The future of open education
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the E-Learn blog, Willem van Valkenburg discusses the future of open education, comparing and contrasting US and European strategies. The US has converged on Open Textbooks, while Europe has diverged in the direction of open science, which van Valkenburg describes as a much broader process of opening up universities. He suggests that the US strategy will have the bigger short-term impact but that over the longer term Open Science will have a much broader impact on society.
E-Learn: http://bit.ly/2fWzOHX

How open data won the Leave campaign
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this BBC news report, Laura Kuenssberg looks back at Britain's Leave campaign and discovers that Vote Leave hired physicists, data experts, and digital specialists to build its own tools in order to mine publicly available data in new and sophisticated ways. The resulting Voter Information Collection System was able to pinpoint exactly which doors to knock on, tightly focussing the online Leave campaign and "win the data war" that most in Westminster had no idea was underway.
BBC: http://bbc.in/2fH3OpY

How the web became unreadable
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting at Medium, MicroFormats co-founder Kevin Marks analyses the rise across the web of skinny, grey, low-contrast type that is unreadable to most people. Marks explains contrast ratios and traces the fad to the Typography Handbook and other design advice which promote the view that too much contrast induces eyestrain. In a new large-scale usability study, Nielsen-Norman Group finds that the usability errors they first identified in 1996 continue in 2016 to frustrate users.
Medium: http://bit.ly/2eJdVpo
NNGroup: http://bit.ly/2fWCsgM


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights
----------------------------------------
November 14-16, 2016
Geneva, Switzerland
Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.
http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9

Data Transparency Lab
----------------------------------------
November 16-19, 2016
New York, NY
This conference incorporates three colocated events. DTL will explore topics such as transparency, the ad blocking arms race, and privacy metrics. Fairness and Accountability in Machine Learning will bring together a growing community of researchers and practitioners. Finally, The Workshop on Data and Algorithmic Transparency will convene an emerging interdisciplinary community that seeks transparency and oversight of data-driven algorithmic systems through empirical research.
http://bit.ly/2eGJMb2

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Privacy Camp
----------------------------------------
January 24, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.
http://bit.ly/2evfpa9

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/


News digest | Open Society
Information Program | Week ending 28 October 2016


====================================================



The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.


Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Bits of Freedom, Digitale Gesellschaft, EDRi, Open Rights Group.

NEWS

=====

For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/


Canada-EU Trade Agreement negotiations break down

----------------------------------------------------------------------

On October 27, following weeks of dispute, the Belgian region of Wallonia accepted amendments and withdrew its opposition to the Canada-EU Trade Agreement. The previous week, the Guardian had reported that the Canadian international trade minister, Chrystia Freeland, had walked out of talks intended to salvage the agreement, which Wallonia opposed fearing the impact on its agricultural sector. Freeland told CBC that the EU is incapable now of concluding an international treaty, while Canadian copyright scholar Michael Geist has been predicting the collapse of CETA for some months. Paul Magnette, Wallonia's minister-president, was also concerned about Investor-State Dispute Settlement, and has won the concession that Belgium will be able to go to the European Court of Justice to determine whether ISDS is compatible with EU law. Maclean's offers more background on Wallonia's opposition to the treaty.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/27/belgium-reaches-deal-with-wallonia-over-eu-canada-trade-agreement

CBC: http://bit.ly/2e8tNq6

Geist: http://bit.ly/2fKZqGL

Maclean's: http://bit.ly/2e8rzXJ


Internet of Things botnet cripples the internet

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Security journalist Brian Krebs, whose own site was attacked just weeks ago by a botnet running the Mirai malware on devices such as DVRs, cameras, and baby monitors, reports that a massive and sustained internet attack on the domain name system service provider Dyn resulted in widespread outages and network congestion, disabling access to sites such as Twitter, Amazon, Tumblr, Reddit, Spotify, and Netflix. Krebs also reports that the Chinese manufacturer of many of the devices used in the attack is issuing both a recall and a libel suit. Techcrunch reports that the security company Flashpoint, which has analysed the attacks, believes the attack was carried out by copycat "script kiddies" rather than sophisticated state-sponsored actors.

Krebs (attack): http://bit.ly/2eGFbWA

Krebs (recall): http://bit.ly/2eGIQUe

Techcrunch: http://tcrn.ch/2fCci2I


UK: Digital Economy bill endangers privacy, freedom of speech

----------------------------------------------------------------------

The Open Rights Group reports three main areas of concern with the Digital Economy bill, currently at the committee stage in the House of Commons: the bill proposes to introduce ten-year prison sentences for file-sharers; it will require age verification for all commercial websites offering pornography to UK internet users; and it increases data sharing between government departments without sufficient safeguards or transparency. In addition, Computing reports that a group of MPs are seeking to amend the bill to add the power to issue regulations compelling search engines to delist sites linked to piracy and remove other content.

ORG: http://bit.ly/2ev7pWD

Computing: http://bit.ly/2eGHnNM


Digital Rights Ireland challenges EU-US Privacy Shield

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Reuters reports that Digital Rights has filed a legal challenge asking the General Court to annull the EU-US Privacy Shield data transfer agreement. To date, more than 500 companies have signed up to Privacy Shield, including Google, Facebook, and Microsoft. The court, which is the lower court of the European Court of Justice, is expected to take at least a year to rule on the case (Case T-670/16).

Reuters: http://reut.rs/2f1ofwQ


Google drops ban on personally identifiable web tracking

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Pro Publica's Julia Angwin reports that Google has quietly dropped the ban on personally identifiable web tracking it adopted in 2007 when it acquired the advertising network DoubleClick. Users may opt out via their privacy settings, but by default Google now uses what it knows about them from Gmail and other services to customise the DoubleClick ads that follow them around the web. In this move, Google follows similar moves by other companies such as Facebook, erasing the industry's longstanding claim that web tracking is mostly anonymous. In a blog posting, Doc Searls issues a call to action to blow up the surveillance economy.

Pro Publica: http://bit.ly/2fCgZcX

Searls: http://bit.ly/2eGHfxC


Facebook caught allowing advertisers to discriminate by race

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Pro Publica's Julia Angwin and Terry Parris Jr report that a shopping exercise showed that Facebook's system allows advertisers to exclude black, Hispanic and other "ethnic affinities" from seeing their ads, a practice that is prohibited by federal US law in the areas of housing and employment. Facebook explained that "ethnic affinity" is not the same as race; it is assigned to members based on the pages and posts they have engaged with or liked.

Pro Publica: http://bit.ly/2fm8Xl4



FEATURES AND ANALYSIS

====================

For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:

http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/


Privacy for kids

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this booklet, which may be freely re-distributed, EDRi offers kids advice on protecting their privacy online. Written by an international group of NGOs that included Bits of Freedom, Open Rights Group, Digitale Gesellschaft, ApTI Romania, Mediamocracy, and many others, the booklet includes tips on safer messaging, smart phone and social media use, passwords, photo and video sharing, a list of privacy apps, and a brief guide to using the encrypted messaging service Signal. The booklet is written in English but the group is coordinating an effort to translate it into as many languages as possible.

EDRi: http://bit.ly/2eGKFR3


The costs to nations of internet shutdowns

----------------------------------------------------------------------

This report commissioned by the Global Network Initiative, prepared by Deloitte, and sponsored by Facebook, estimates the economic cost of government-mandated internet shutdowns at .4% to 1.9% of the country's GDP for each day on which all internet services are shut down depending on how connected the country is. The Brookings Institute has documented 81 such shutdowns in the year between July 2015 and June 2016. GNI estimates that the ongoing shutdown in Ethiopia is costing the country a little under US$500,000 a day in lost GDP.

GNI: http://bit.ly/2foEMrT


Nepal: The state of open access

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this interview posted at the Open Knowledge Foundation, three leading advocates of open access in Nepal discuss their work. Jagadish Aryal outlines his work with libraries; Kshitiz Khanal talks about open science and research; and Roshan Kumar Karn explains the situation with respect to open access, open education, open data, and open repositories. Khanal notes that much of the potential of Nepalese students and academics is wasted because so few conduct research and publish papers.

OKFN: http://bit.ly/2fjhaWP


US: Privacy protection for foreigners still limited

----------------------------------------------------------------------

EFF examines Presidential Policy Directive 28, a document US President Barack Obama has used to claim that new rules extend to foreigners privacy protections previously reserved solely for American citizens. EFF concludes that the safeguards provided are inadequate, and that the directive has made no significant change to the actual surveillance the US conducts. The reality, EFF concludes, is that, "the US government's surveillance powers against foreigners is nearly absolute."

EFF: http://bit.ly/2fjzykx


Using open data to change existing power dynamics

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this blog posting reviewing the recent International Open Data Conference, The Engine Room acting executive director Julia Keseru asks whether the community is doing its best to change existing power dynamics. To overcome the current disillusionment with the power of open data, she suggests that the focus needs to shift from opening data as an end in itself to open data as a tool for change. Projects need clear problem statements, accountability, and context.

Engine Room: http://bit.ly/2fCg4cl


Understanding lone-actor terrorism

----------------------------------------------------------------------

In this video of the third of the lunchtime briefings presented by the VOX-Pol project, "Understanding Lone-Actor Terrorism", UCL lecturer Paul Gill explores online radicalisation and its causes. Terrorist attacks are not always purely ideological in motivation and may take years to plan, which gives intelligence time to prevent them. Gill's extensive research finds underlying individual and organisational motivations that must be taken into account in devising policy. Extremist organisations have long advised lone actors that they will be most successful with small-scale attacks as these are more difficult to detect but individuals have been hard to motivate. This situation has changed with ISIS because the direct feed from social media to TV provides that missing motivation.

VOX-Pol: http://bit.ly/2ev9ZM5



***


DIARY

==============

To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:

https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.


ODI Summit

----------------------------------------

November 1, 2016

London, UK

The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.

http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf


ICANN 57

----------------------------------------

November 3-9, 2016

Hyderabad, India

ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.

http://bit.ly/29CmNg9


Mozilla Festival

----------------------------------------

November 6-8, 2016

London, UK

MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.

http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0


OpenCon

----------------------------------------

November 12-14, 2016

Washington, DC

At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.

http://bit.ly/1OocSMD


WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights

----------------------------------------

November 14-16, 2016

Geneva, Switzerland

Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.

http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9


Data Transparency Lab

----------------------------------------

November 16-19, 2016

New York, NY

This conference incorporates three colocated events. DTL will explore topics such as transparency, the ad blocking arms race, and privacy metrics. Fairness and Accountability in Machine Learning will bring together a growing community of researchers and practitioners. Finally, The Workshop on Data and Algorithmic Transparency will convene an emerging interdisciplinary community that seeks transparency and oversight of data-driven algorithmic systems through empirical research.

http://bit.ly/2eGJMb2


Internet Governance Forum

----------------------------------------

December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)

Guadalajara, Mexico

With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.

http://bit.ly/28YwZPX


Open Government Partnership Summit

----------------------------------------

December 7-9, 2016

Paris, France

Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.

http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q


Privacy Camp

----------------------------------------

January 24, 2017

Brussels, Belgium

Co-organised by EDRi, Privacy Salon, USL-B, and VUB-LSTS, the fifth annual Privacy Camp brings together civil society, policy makers, and academia to discuss existing and looming problems for human rights in the digital environment.

http://bit.ly/2evfpa9


Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection

----------------------------------------

January 25-27, 2017

Brussels, Belgium

The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).

http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6


Internet Freedom Festival

----------------------------------------

March 6-10, 2017

Valencia, Spain

The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.

http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1


Rightscon 2017

----------------------------------------

March 29-31, 2017

Brussels, Belgium

RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.

http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ


TICTeC 2017

----------------------------------------

April 25-26, 2017

Florence, Italy

This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.

http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ


Creative Commons Global Summit

----------------------------------------

April 28-30, 2017

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.

http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P


Open Repositories 2017

----------------------------------------

June 26-30, 2017

Brisbane, Australia

The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.

http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp



***


Hear more from the Information Program!

================================

If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:

http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/


You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program


Hear less from the Information Program!

================================

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News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 14 October 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, Open Knowledge Foundation.

PROGRAM NEWS
==============
This posting describes how 23 NGOs, including OSF grantees AK Vorrat, EDRi, La Quadrature du Net, Bits of Freedom, and Digitale Gesellschaft, achieved the win for network neutrality in Europe.
https://osf.to/2dymljW


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU publishes copyright directive
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that the EU's proposals for copyright reform, published September 14, "could not conceivably be worse", highlighting that the directive threatens to bring in filtering for all internet uploads, create legal uncertainty for European hosting companies, and create a new 20-year "ancillary copyright" giving publishers the right to control links to their material. The Internet Archive calls it an "absolute disaster", noting that the proposal also fails to protect freedom of panorama. Wikimedia writes that the proposals fail to consider the needs and rights of users. Intellectual Property Watch provides a thorough analysis of the proposals.
EU Parliament: http://bit.ly/2ebnl24
Internet Archive: http://bit.ly/2e5HOll
Wikimedia: http://bit.ly/2dHPKKh
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2e5JlYJ

Internet governing body transitions to independence
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Register, Kieren McCarthy reports that despite a last-minute lawsuit led by US Senator Ted Cruz asking a Texas judge to issue a temporary restraining order, the US government allowed its contract with the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, which oversees global allocation of technical internet functions to expire at 12:01 AM Washington DC time on October 1. Stewardship has transferred to the private non-profit Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, which was set up in 1998 to manage the domain name system. ICANN will decide the internet's future development. McCarthy reviews the last 15 years of ICANN's efforts to achieve independence. Organisations such as the Internet Society published congratulations.
Register: http://bit.ly/2dTSEgu
NTIA: http://bit.ly/2dsLQmJ
Internet Society: http://bit.ly/2e2nqW4

Bangladesh issues "smart" national identity cards
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports that the Bangladeshi government has begun issuing Smart National ID cards as part of the Digital Bangladesh Initiative which should see the cards distributed to 100 million people. The biometric cards, which will be associated with individuals' mobile SIM cards, will include 32 types of citizen data and offer access to 23 services, including voting, banking, tax payments, share-trading, and applications for passport, driving licences, and trade licences. The government says the goal is to reduce forgery, which was common with the laminated cards previously used for voting, but Global Voices suggests the new system will create new technical glitches and security risks. Citizens' reactions have been mostly positive.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/2dhdG7C

First Internet of Things botnet attack detected
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The investigative security journalist Brian Krebs reported at the end of September that his website had been forced offline by a botnet attack of such unprecedented size that his hosting provider, Akamai, asked him to find a new provider. On October 1, Krebs reported that the source code for the Miral malware that powered the attack has been publicly released on Hackforums, opening the way for myriad copycat attacks by new botnets powered by insecure routers, IP cameras, digital video recorders, and other insecure, easily hackable devices. In a further posting, Krebs discusses which devices are being targeted by Miral, which he says are easily identified by examining the list of user names and passwords included in the source code. Finally, Krebs notes that the European Commission is drafting new cybersecurity requirements to improve security around Internet of Things devices. Bruce Schneier argues that government intervention in this area is essential because it is a market failure neither manufacturers nor consumers can fix.
Krebs (attack): http://bit.ly/2dhdOUL
Krebs (source code): http://bit.ly/2ebnSB3
Krebs (devices): http://bit.ly/2dY8Fzc
Krebs (Europe): http://bit.ly/2e2pNs6
Schneier: http://bit.ly/2dHQdff

Switzerland passes broad surveillance law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Ars Technica, Glyn Moody reports that in a referendum Swiss citizens have backed, by 65.5% to 34.5%, a new law that will allow the Swiss intelligence agency to break into computers, install malware, spy on phone and internet communications, and install microphones and video cameras in private locations. The Swiss government expects the new powers, intended to be used against terrorism, espionage, the dissemination of weapons of mass destruction, and attacks on important national infrastructure, to be invoked only about ten times a year. Previously, the Guardian reports, the Swiss had relied on other countries' intelligence agencies, as they were banned from tapping phones and surveilling email. Using the new powers will require approval from a federal court, the defence ministry, and the cabinet.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2dFSk4D
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2e2TSSU

Yahoo! accused of secretly scanning private email to aid FBI
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Reuters reports that Yahoo, already under fire for a recently-announced 2014 data breach that exposed the personal information of an estimated 500 million users, complied with a secret directive issued by the FBI to scan the private email of its users. EPIC links the system described in the report to the similar FBI program "Carnivore", while EFF discusses the legal and technical questions the report raises and reiterates its call, filed as a lawsuit against the Department of Justice in April 2016, on the Department of Justice to publicly release all decisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, including that pertaining to Yahoo. Anonymous former Yahoo employees have told Motherboard that when security staff discovered the scanning system and raised the alarm, they thought it was a "buggy rootkit"; they were told to leave it alone. In a follow-up report Reuters adds detail on the legal basis for the government's request and notes that Yahoo, which is being acquired by Verizon, has called the story "misleading" and said that "the mail scanning described in the article does not exist on our systems." Separately, the New York Times discusses recent legal challenges by Microsoft and the ACLU on behalf of Open Whisper Systems to the increasing US government use of gag orders covering requests for user information.
Reuters: http://reut.rs/2emY5oO
EPIC: http://bit.ly/2dRxTjD
EFF: http://bit.ly/2en0ik1
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/2eboHdl
Reuters (legal): http://reut.rs/2dsO45g
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2dMNx0z

Ethiopia: Government blocks internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Africa News, Abdur Rahman Alfa Shaban reports that following nationwide protests, on October 7 the Ethiopian government cut both mobile and fixed-line access to the internet, partially restoring fixed-line access later in the day. Cyber Ethiopia summarises a Brookings report that finds that similar cuts to internet access cost the country US$9 million in 2015. The same report estimates the global cost of internet shutdowns at US$2.4 billion.
Africa News: http://bit.ly/2dHUMGr
Cyber Ethiopia: http://bit.ly/2dsSNnG


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Driving copyright out of education
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting for the Open Knowledge Foundation's Open Education Working Group, Communia's Lisette Kalshoven examines the problems copyright poses for education. The 2001 EU copyright directive included an optional exception for education which many member states have not implemented; Finland, for example, has no provision for derivative works in education, which bars teachers from translating foreign-language news articles. The EU's proposed reform directive creates a mandatory exception but limits its application, leaving it unclear how the old and new exceptions will interact and leaving many uses not covered. Communia is launching a project to advocate for effective change. At Education in Crisis, Alek Tarkowski argues that we need to drive copyright out of the classroom by creating an exception that covers all educational uses, including home schoolers, libraries, and museums, which often must pay licence fees.
OKFN: http://bit.ly/2dRzg1K
Education in Crisis: http://bit.ly/2dTV0vX

The Gikii approach to future challenges
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series of presentations, participants in the 2016 Gikii conference draw on pop culture to discuss emerging technology, policy conundrums, and legal conflicts. Especially notable are Paul Bernal's slides showing the difficulty of deciding who is an online troll, Andres Guadamuz's proposals for regulating augmented reality such as the game Pokemon Go, Alison Harcourt's outline of the migration of copyright regulation from legislation to industry standards fora, and Philip Howard's proposals for regulating a civic Internet of Things, which include reporting the ultimate beneficiary of collected data.
Gikii: http://bit.ly/2dYaD2L

Lessons from ten years of open data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the Sunlight Foundation, Alex Howard offers ten take-aways from the 2016 International Open Data conference. While diversity is improving, Howard regrets the loss of focus on government transparency and accountability and the general absence from the conference of politicians and journalists, while suggesting that governments need to be more aggressive about opening data sets where it's already clear there is public demand.
Sunlight: http://bit.ly/2d9mbhG

How to steal an election
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Bloomberg Business Week, Michael Riley, Jordan Robertson, and David Kocieniewski investigate the state of US voting machines, purchased after the 2000 Bush-Gore election under the Help America Vote Act. The market for these machines, many of which depend on buggy, insecure, antiquated technology, is dominated by just a few manufacturers, which impose unexpected ongoing costs that the original federal funding to buy the machines does not cover. The Bloomberg story focuses in particular on a recent election in Memphis, Tennessee, where approximately 40% of votes in a crucial district went missing. In a separate story, Elizabeth Dexheimer reports that 21 states have contacted the US Department of Homeland Security requesting help after reports surfaced that state systems are being scanned by malicious cyber actors. Bob Sullivan asks long-time voting machine researcher Harri Hursti to comment on claims that Russia is behind attacks on US voting systems.
Bloomberg: http://bloom.bg/2dI81dU
Bloomberg (Dexheimer): http://bloom.bg/2dYdto2
Sullivan: http://bit.ly/2dFSbOn

Living safely with automation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this essay at the Guardian, Tim Harford suggests that reliance on automation is setting us up for disaster as, like airline pilots, we become more used to manipulating computer systems than directly running the systems they control. Harford applies lessons drawn from aviation, where this "mode confusion" causes plane crashes such as Air France flight 447, to council decisions and self-driving cars. Harford concludes by examining the work of Dutch traffic engineer Hans Monderman, who solved such conundrums by removing cues such as street signs and forcing drivers, pedestrians, and cyclists to engage with each other in navigating messy terrain, an approach that sounds risky but that in practice proved to be safer for all concerned.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2dRA8n8

Data ethics for philanthropists
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Upturn report, David Robinson and Miranda Bogen discuss the risks and opportunities for philanthropists seeking to invest in projects involving data at scale. Among the risks the authors list a lack of shared standards for human subject review, a lack of mathematical literacy within foundations, and the concentration of data and analytics in the private sector. The authors recommend eight questions foundations should answer in assessing such projects, and provide guidelines for managing them.
Upturn: http://bit.ly/2dhgSQT

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Transparency Camp 2016
----------------------------------------
October 14-15, 2016
Cleveland, OH
The Sunlight Foundation chose Cleveland for this year's unconference in order to tap into the local expertise of an area with strong grassroots organisers and clear problems the community is trying to solve. The event aims to bring together librarians, government officials, technologists, civic leaders, community organisers, and others to figure out strategies and solutions for making local and state governance better, faster, smarter and more transparent.
http://bit.ly/2aP6RaV

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
October 14-17, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
At Freedom not Fear, civil society members meet to plan for and engage in action against increasing surveillance and other attacks on civil rights. The meeting, intended for civil rights and freedom activists from across Europe, is organised by volutneers and coordinated by EDRi member Digitalcourage and via the akv-international mailing list.
http://bit.ly/2cmKWrM

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ODI Summit
----------------------------------------
November 1, 2016
London, UK
The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.
http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights
----------------------------------------
November 14-16, 2016
Geneva, Switzerland
Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.
http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
http://bit.ly/2dI8EV1

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

TICTeC 2017
----------------------------------------
April 25-26, 2017
Florence, Italy
This will be the third mySociety conference on the impacts of civic technology.
http://bit.ly/2e5NifJ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week of 23 September 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, La Quadrature du Net, SPARC Europe, .


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

EU: Advocate-General says EU is competent to ratify Marrakesh treaty
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that the standstill over the Marrakesh Treaty, which grants a copyright exception for visually impaired people, could soon be broken. The Advocate-General of the European Court of Justice has found in response to a challenge by EU members including France, Finland, the UK, and Hungary that the EU has exclusive competence to ratify the Treaty.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2d2S8wb

Kashmir: India suspends mobile internet access
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Slate, Hasit Shah reports that for more than two months India has blocked mobile internet access in Kashmir in response to protests in July following the death of a local militant commander. Newspapers in Kashmir, he writes, are calling the situation, which blocks access to organising via social media, an "e-curfew". The New Indian Express reports that postpaid mobile phone services, which along with broadband were suspended on September 12, have been restored. Greater Kashmir reports that journalists have staged a sit-in protest, calling the suspension an "indirect gag" on media.
Slate: http://slate.me/2cEg9rY
New Indian Express: http://bit.ly/2cO132v
Greater Kashmir: http://bit.ly/2cVP6K7

EU: Court of Justice rules that linking can infringe copyright
----------------------------------------------------------------------
La Quadrature du Net reports that the European Court of Jusice has set aside the recommendation the Advocate General issued in April and ruled that posting a link to illegally published content is itself a copyright violeation as long as the site is non-profit and is unaware of the copyright violation. Aside from the obvious implications for search engines, LQDN notes that it is difficult for any individual to be sure if a linked work is an infringement or not. LQDN also notes that this decision aligns with the proposal in the leaked draft copyright Directive to give publishers greater power over links. EFF calls the ruling "madness" and "a gift to copyright holders".
LQDN: http://bit.ly/2cjscrL
Advocate General (PDF): http://bit.ly/2dg5XrJ
Judgment: http://bit.ly/2d1lUmt
EFF: http://bit.ly/2ddiR72

Facebook struggles with automated content editing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Guardian, Sam Thielman reports that a couple of months after the world discovered that Facebook's trending topics were hand-picked by a team of editors, the company has replaced the human editors with an algorithm. The result: mayhem, as the algorithm for example chose to highlight a false story about Fox News host Megyn Kelly as well as a hoax article about 9/11. The Guardian also reports that Facebook deleted the famous "napalm girl" photograph from a posting about historical warfare photography by a Norwegian writer, and followed up by deleting a post by the Norwegian Prime Minister defending the posting and republishing the photograph. The story led journalists and others to suggest that Facebook needs to learn to use more wisely its power over the news people see. This is also the theme of the recent report Tech Giants and Civic Power, written by Martin Moore, director of the Centre for the Study of Media Communication and Power in the Policy Institute at King's College London.
Guardian (algorithm): http://bit.ly/2d4NRWl
Guardian (photograph): http://bit.ly/2ddjIVn
Moore (PDF): http://bit.ly/2dcowtp

EU: Plan for Gigabit Society threatens network neutrality
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that the European Commission's plan for a European Gigabit Society, which aims to promote high-quality networks and 5G, incorporates the first attack on the EU's new network neutrality rules. The plan specifically mentions developing high-speed networks to facilitate gaming and streaming audio and video; Access Now argues that high-quality networks should benefit the internet as a whole without creating "fast lanes". In a July 2016 manifesto that European Digital Rights called "terrible", a collection of telcos argued that the creation of 5G will require substantial state subsidies as well as a rollback on European privacy and network neutrality laws. Access Now was one of 30 NGOs that signed an open letter to policy makers arguing against these demands.
Access Now (plan): http://bit.ly/2d7NUFn
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2cEhv6g
Access Now (letter, PDF): http://bit.ly/2cVPVCS

Open access boosts citation rates
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Times Higher Education Supplement reports on a new study by the University of Michigan's Jim Ottaviani that finds that publishing journal articles under open access boosts citations by more than a fifth. The effect is even greater on better-cited papers, though the reason for this is unclear. SPARC Europe maintains a list of such studies as well.
THES: http://bit.ly/2cMNUrZ
SPARC: http://bit.ly/2ddjtK0

Facebook announces WhatsApp will share personal data
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that although Facebook promised it would not share personal data between the two services when it purchased WhatsApp, the company will begin doing just that, including personal phone numbers, in order to help advertisers target ads. EPIC has filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission, the UK's Information Commissioner has said the office will keep a close watch, and MEP Jan-Philipp Albrecht is working on developing EU policy to protect users' privacy in such cases. At the Guardian, John Naughton offers instructions on using WhatsApp's privacy settings to block the transfer.
Guardian (WhatsApp): http://bit.ly/2d1o9pB
EPIC: http://bit.ly/2cr4hdh
Guardian (UK ICO): http://bit.ly/2dg7wWw
Guardian (EU): http://bit.ly/2cVODYD
Guardian (Naughton): http://bit.ly/2clQ0An

India: Delhi University wins copyright case
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At SpicyIP, Shamnad Basheer reports that the Delhi high court has dismissed suits by three international publishers - Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, and Taylor & Francis - who had jointly objected to the sale of photocopied books, chapters, and pages at Delhi University. The ruling is expected to have a far-reaching impact on copyright law in India. Basheer, one of the group of academics who intervened in the case, argued that the photocopying was fair use given its educational purpose. In his 94-page ruling, Justice Rajiv Sahai Endlaw wrote that copyright is not a "divine" right.
SpicyIP: http://bit.ly/2cjuuaf


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

US: Department of Justice seeks mass hacking powers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this opinion piece for Wired, professors Matt Blaze (University of Pennsylvania) and Susan Landau (Worcester Polytechnic Institute) and Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) warn that under plans published as amendments to Rule 41 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, the FBI would be allowed to hack as many as a million computers based on a single warrant. Unless Congress acts to block the proposals, the rules will come into effect on December 1. To counter the plan, Wyden and fellow Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) have introduced the Stopping Mass Hacking Act. EFF is collecting signatures on a petition backing the bill.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2dg7wWJ
Wyden: http://bit.ly/2cr5r8B
EFF: http://bit.ly/2cr40XD

Spain: Exercising the right to know
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, mySociety highlights a collaboration among Access Info Europe, Civio Foundation, and the Transparency Council of Spain to celebrate September 28's International Right to Know Day by simplifying the complex process of submitting an FOI request in Spain. The Spanish government requires a difficult-to-obtain electronic certificate or digital identification; the authorities also refuse to accept requests by email. From now until September 28, however, requesters can use a Google form, a Twitter hashtag, or email to file requests, which the three organisations will forward using their certificates.
MySociety: http://bit.ly/2d1pb4V

Pardoning Edward Snowden
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this editorial, the Washington Post, one of the newspapers that originally published the details of leaked programmes such as PRISM, argues that Edward Snowden should not be pardoned despite a national campaign asking President Barack Obama to do so before leaving office. Meanwhile, the New York Times' A.O. Scott reviews Oliver Stone's new movie, "Snowden", calling it "an honorable and absorbing contribution", but ultimately prefers Laura Poitras's documentary, Citizenfour. At Techdirt, Mike Masnick pores over the recently released House Intelligence Committee's report on Snowden, and highlights myriad misleading or false statements that lead him to call the report a "smear campaign".
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2clR5Ik
Pardon Snowden: http://bit.ly/2cQablM
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2cjuU0r
TechDirt: http://bit.ly/2cMQLBf

The internet infrastructure under attack
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this essay, Bruce Schneier outlines attacks he's seeing that appear to have the purpose of probing the defences of companies that run critical pieces of the internet infrastructure, he believes with the intent of learning how to take them down. While the data is inconclusive, he says the perpetrator "feels like" a large nation-state.
Schneier: http://bit.ly/2cVQCvL

The war on cash
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Long and Short, Brett Scott discusses the human rights issues surrounding the cashless society that's being promoted by countries such as Sweden, vendors such as Visa and Penny for London, and "thought leaders" such as Chyp Hyperion's Dave Birch. Scott goes on to suggest ways for those seeking to protect the rights of already marginalised groups to reframe opposing the "Death of Cash" as a fight for retaining the choice to carry out financial transactions without the need for intermediaries.
Long and Short: http://bit.ly/2d1pa11


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

The Open Exchange for Social Change
----------------------------------------
October 4, 2016
Madrid, Spain
This pre-IOCD unconference aims to create a space where participants can exchange knowledge and understanding and build solidarity that will lead to better outcomes for IODC and beyond. It is an open space so that attendees can propose the most relevant and urgent topics for their work.
http://bit.ly/2aEpFg1

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
October 6-7
Madrid, Spain
At IODC16, governments, civil society, multilateral organisations, and private companies will gather around a roadmap. the International Open Data Charter, in order to keep improving the governability, citizen engagement, innovation, and international development of open data initiatives.
http://bit.ly/1HQuPNW

Transparency Camp 2016
----------------------------------------
October 14-15, 2016
Cleveland, OH
The Sunlight Foundation chose Cleveland for this year's unconference in order to tap into the local expertise of an area with strong grassroots organisers and clear problems the community is trying to solve. The event aims to bring together librarians, government officials, technologists, civic leaders, community organisers, and others to figure out strategies and solutions for making local and state governance better, faster, smarter and more transparent.
http://bit.ly/2aP6RaV

Freedom not Fear
----------------------------------------
October 14-17, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
At Freedom not Fear, civil society members meet to plan for and engage in action against increasing surveillance and other attacks on civil rights. The meeting, intended for civil rights and freedom activists from across Europe, is organised by volutneers and coordinated by EDRi member Digitalcourage and via the akv-international mailing list.
http://bit.ly/2cmKWrM

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ODI Summit
----------------------------------------
November 1, 2016
London, UK
The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.
http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights
----------------------------------------
November 14-16, 2016
Geneva, Switzerland
Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.
http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Internet Freedom Festival
----------------------------------------
March 6-10, 2017
Valencia, Spain
The Internet Freedom Festival gathers the community keeping the Internet open and uncensored for a week of free-form multidisciplinary collaboration intended to help groups achieve their goals. Attendance is free and open to the public.
internetfreedomfestival.org

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights. Session proposals are being accepted until November 25, 2016.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

Creative Commons Global Summit
----------------------------------------
April 28-30, 2017
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
This event will gather a global community of technologists, academics, activists, creatives, and legal experts to work together on the expansion and growth of the commons, open knowledge, and free culture for all.
http://bit.ly/2cO3x0P

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp


***

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Research Digest • Open Society Information Program • 10 September 2016 

=================================================

The Open Society Information Program Research Digest tracks new scholarly articles and books on the social and political aspects of information and technology issues. The Digest is compiled by Evgeny Morozov. A related Twitter feed is also available at https://twitter.com/#!/morozov_links.

The views expressed here do not necessarily reflect those of the Open Society Foundations or the Information Program.



NEW ARTICLES AND PAPERS
==========================

* "UnMarginalizing Workers: How Big Data Drives Lower Wages and How Reframing Labor Law Can Restore Information Equality in the Workplace" by Nathan Newman - working paper

This article details the ways big data is actively being deployed to lower wages through hiring practices, in how raises are now being offered, and in the ways that workplaces are organized (and disorganized) to lower employee bargaining power --- and how new interpretations of labor law are beginning to reshape the workplace to address these economic harms.

source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2819142 (free)

-------

* "The Rise of Behavioural Discrimination" by Ariel Ezrachi & Maurice E. Stucke - working paper

The author surveys the political and social effects of the increased personalization of our online environment, as firms track us, collect data about us, and target us with the right ad at the right time -- all to transform our web environment into a personal space. This new personalized environment can pave the way for behavioural discrimination -- the ability of sellers to induce us to buy things we otherwise wouldn't, at the highest price we are willing to pay.

source: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2830206 (free)

-------

* "Crowdsourced Surveillance And Networked Data" by Nick Lally - Securing Dialogue

Possibilities for crowdsourced surveillance have expanded in recent years as data uploaded to social networks can be mined, distributed, assembled, mapped, and analyzed by anyone with an uncensored internet connection. These data points, argues the author, are necessarily fragmented and partial, open to interpretation, and rely on algorithms for retrieval and sorting. Yet despite these limitations, they have been used to produce complex representations of space, subjects, and power relations as internet users attempt to reconstruct and investigate events while they are developing.

source: http://sdi.sagepub.com/content/early/2016/09/03/0967010616664459 ($)

-------

* "Algorithms and Their Others: Algorithmic Culture in Context" by Paul Dourish - Big Data & Society

Algorithms, once obscure objects of technical art, have lately been subject to considerable popular and scholarly scrutiny. What does it mean to adopt the algorithm as an object of analytic attention? What is in view, and out of view, when we focus on the algorithm? Using Niklaus Wirth's 1975 formulation that "algorithms + data structures = programs" as a launching-off point, this paper examines how an algorithmic lens shapes the way in which we might inquire into contemporary digital culture.

source: http://bds.sagepub.com/content/3/2/2053951716665128 ($)

-------

* "The Politics of Cryptocurrencies in Historical Perspective" by Stefan Eich - working paper

While cryptocurrencies are frequently framed as an escape from politics, this paper argues that this is misleading on several counts. Electronic currencies, argues the author, cannot leave the politics of money behind even where they aim to disavow it. Examining the international politics of money that emerged out the 1970s, the author discusses the emergence of a technocratic regime of depoliticized fiat currencies and domestic discipline complemented by cheap global credit money. Today, demands for depoliticization and politicization compete once more with one another.

source: https://www.academia.edu/27672693/The_Politics_of_Cryptocurrencies_in_Historical_Perspective ($)


NEW AND NOTEWORTHY BOOKS
==========================

* "Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy" by Cathy O'Neil (Crown)

This book exposes the black box models that shape our future, both as individuals and as a society. These "weapons of math destruction," as the authors dubs them, score teachers and students, sort résumés, grant (or deny) loans, evaluate workers, target voters, set parole, and monitor our health. The author calls on modellers to take more responsibility for their algorithms and on policy makers to regulate their use.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Weapons-Math-Destruction-Increases-Inequality/dp/0553418815/

-------

* "The Ethics of Invention: Technology and the Human Future" by Sheila Jasanoff (Norton)

In her new book, written for the general audience, Sheila Jasanoff argues that technology rules us as much as laws do. It shapes the legal, social, and ethical environments in which we act. The author dissects the ways in which we delegate power to technological systems and asks how we might regain control. Technology, she argues, can warp the meaning of democracy and citizenship unless we carefully consider how to direct its power rather than let ourselves be shaped by it.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Ethics-Invention-Technology-Human-Future/dp/039307899X

-------

* "Utopia Is Creepy: And Other Provocations" by Nicholas Carr (Norton)

In his latest collection of essays, Nicholas Carr dissects Silicon Valley's unsettlingly cheery vision of the technological future to ask a hard question: Have we been seduced by a lie? The book offers an alternative history of the digital age, chronicling its roller-coaster crazes and crashes, its blind triumphs, and its unintended consequences. Carr offers searching assessments of the future of work, the fate of reading, and the rise of artificial intelligence.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Utopia-Creepy-Provocations-Nicholas-Carr/dp/0393254542/

-------

* "Licensed Larceny: Infrastructure, Financial Extraction and the Global South" by Nicholas Hildyard (Manchester University Press)

The author contends that the provision of public services is one area which is increasingly being reconfigured to extract wealth upward to the 1%, notably through so-called Public Private Partnerships (PPPs). The push for PPPs, argues the author, is not about building infrastructure for the benefit of society but about constructing new subsidies that benefit the already wealthy. In other words, it is less about financing development than developing finance.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Licensed-larceny-Infrastructure-extraction-Manchester/dp/1784994278

-------

* "Algorithms to Live By: The Computer Science of Human Decisions" by Brian Christian & Tom Griffiths (Henry Holt)

This book offers an exploration of how computer algorithms can be applied to our everyday lives, helping to solve common decision-making problems and illuminate the workings of the human mind. The authors show how the simple, precise algorithms used by computers can also untangle very human questions. They explain how to have better hunches and when to leave things to chance, how to deal with overwhelming choices and how best to connect with others.

source: https://www.amazon.com/Algorithms-Live-Computer-Science-Decisions-ebook/dp/B015CKNWJI/




Hear more from the Information Program!

================================

If you want to be alerted to more scholarly research relevant to the Information Program, consider subscribing to the related Twitter feed:
https://twitter.com/#!/morozov_links

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/initiatives/information


Hear less from the Information Program!

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License (CC BY 4.0)
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week of 26 August 2016
====================================================

The Information Program News Digest, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EFF, EIFL.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US: Equation Group claims NSA hack
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At Wired, Andy Greenberg reports that a group calling itself the Shadow Brokers has claimed to have breached the data systems used by the Equation Group, a highly sophisticated team of "cyberspies" that Edward Snowden's revelations have linked to the NSA. Shadow Brokers posted the stolen data for auction on a since-removed Tumblr page. Citizen Lab''s Claudio Guanieri, assessing the data, says that the posted content is credible enough, but that there's not enough evidence to link the hack to Equation Group or any other NSA-linked organization. The New York Times considers who the hackers might have been. Policy analyst Marcy Wheeler says that the hack bears out the claim that the NSA exploits vulnerabilities in commercial products, and suggests questions the US Congress should be asking in order to fulfil its role of oversight. EFF has published proposals for reforming the way the US government acquires and exploits vulnerabilities.
Wired: http://bit.ly/2bfkDI5
Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2bgkhhM
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/2bi25Wr
Wheeler: http://bit.ly/2bw0uv8
EFF: http://bit.ly/2bVx6Qd

Pakistan passes Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EFF reports that despite 18 months of opposition from numerous civil society organisations and concerned politicians, Pakistan has passed the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, which EFF's Danny O'Brien calls "a tragedy for free expression and privacy". The crimes the new law creates of "cyber-terrorism" and online "glorification" are broad, as are the government's new powers to threaten and intimidate speech and collect and share data without warrant or oversight, including with foreign intelligence. The bill claims jurisdiction over all Pakistani citizens, whatever their location, plus anyone in the world whose online activity affects any Pakistani national. Ars Technica reports that day after the law's passage the opposition party Pakistan Awami Tehreek filed a constitutional challenge on the basis that multiple sections violate fundamental human rights.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2bi5j7C
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/2bOZWzG

US Government approves IANA transition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Intellectual Property Watch reports that the US National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) has confirmed that in October it will hand off technical oversight of the internet's domain name system to the Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers "barring any significant impediment". A few points remain to be completed before the current contract expires on October 1: ICANN must approve a new contract with VeriSign, which maintains the root zone, and three intellectual property issues. ICANN has published a call for comments on the latter.
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/2bETY4I
IANA: http://bit.ly/2bNqWxY

Uber, Ford hasten self-driving fleet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ComputerWorld reports that the Ford Motor Company has announced it will mass-produce fully autonomous vehicles designed for car-sharing services such as Uber and Lyft by 2021. Ford says the cars will have neither steering wheels nor pedals. Bloomberg reports that Uber will begin a test of 100 self-driving cars in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania later this month. These cars will be modified Volvo XC90 SUVs, and humans will be present in the driver's seats at all times; cars will be paired randomly with customers. The test will proceed despite the recent crash of an automated Tesla. In July, Uber bought Otto, a driverless truck start-up. Mina discusses the likely resulting loss of jobs for human drivers and self-destruction of the automotive industry.
Computer World: http://bit.ly/2bw1G1G
Bloomberg: http://bloom.bg/2bNALwy
MINA: http://bit.ly/2bw1LCw

Australia realigns latitude and longitude
----------------------------------------------------------------------
ABC reports that Australia will adjust longitudes and latitudes across the continent. According to Geoscience Australia, due to normal tectonic motion the continent moves northward at a rate of about 7cm per year, but the Geocentric Datum of Australia, which pins coordinates to geography, was last updated in 1994. As a result the coordinates are approximately 1 metre out of alignment with satellite navigation systems, a problem that affects myriad spatial information service and will worsen as GPS resolution continues to improve. Accurate data will be curcial for automated farm vehicles and cars as they come into use. The new Datum will be released on January 1, 2017 and will be based on projections to 2020.
ABC: http://ab.co/2bP0XaK

Thailand to track foreigners via SIM cards
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CNBC reports that beginning in January 2017 foreigners will be required to use special SIM cards in their phones that can be tracked by the authorities. Users will be unable to turn off the tracking function, which will be preset by mobile operators. The Thai telecom regulator, the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission, has approved the plan in principle as an anti-crime measure. The proposal is seen as an extension to measures intended to curb both crime and overstaying visas, though critics believe it will add little of value.
CNBC: http://cnb.cx/2bguzvj


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Can this election be hacked?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The run-up to the November US election, coupled with the recent hack of the Democratic National Committee, has sparked concerns about the possibility that the election could be hacked. In two blog postings at Freedom to Tinker, Andrew Appel outlines what aspects can and cannot be hacked, and discusses the best way to mount defences. The ability to audit the vote, he explains, is crucial. In a new report, EPIC expresses concerns about the risk to voter secrecy (a US requirement) if the push to adopt online voting in some states, primarily to aid overseas and military voters, is successful. EPIC makes recommendations for preserving privacy while adopting new technologies.
Freedom to Tinker (1): http://bit.ly/2bNABVS
Freedom to Tinker (2): http://bit.ly/2bzRdj7
EPIC: http://bit.ly/2bFS5FY

Predictive policing predicts police harassment
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at The Verge, Matt Stroud discusses a new RAND Corporation report, which has found that the algorithm-generated "heat list", the latest of Chicago's many efforts to reduce its homicide rate, has failed to save any lives. The heat list, generated by a $2 million algorithm funded by the National Institute of Justice, is intended to identify the people most likely to be involved in a shooting. RAND's analysis finds instead that at best it is less effective than traditional Most Wanted lists, and at worst the profiles it creates make their subjects targets for police harassment.
Verge: http://bit.ly/2bP0dCD
RAND report (Springer): http://bit.ly/2bBDHzS

How Facebook targets ads
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this analysis, the Washington Post discusses Facebook's latest bit of transparency, which lists 98 data points the site uses to target personalised ads, both on Facebook and around the web.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2bgulV7

Death and the digital estate
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Engine Room blog posting, Zara Rahman discusses the problem of "digital death" - both what happens to individuals' data and sites after their death and what happens to data and communities gathered by projects that are ending. Several scholarly legal analyses of digital estates have been published by Strathclyde PhD student Edina Harbinja and professor Lilien Edwards. These discuss the different types of digital estates, and ask whether we need legal standing for "post mortem privacy"; they also propose some solutions to the legal issues they raise.
Engine Room: http://bit.ly/2bBCPuW
Harbinja/Edwards (SSRN): http://bit.ly/2bFSA2J

Poland: Libraries and copyright changes
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this webinar (video and slides), EIFL copyright coordinator Barbara Szczepańska explains the provisions of Poland's new copyright law that affect libraries, schools, and archives. Changes include a broad new exception for preservation, implementation of the EU's Orphan Works Directive (for which Poland has mandated a long list of sources prospective users must diligently search), and provisions for the use of works that have fallen out of commercial availability.
YouTube: http://bit.ly/2bi6RhO


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

The Use And Generation Of Scientific Content - Roles For Libraries
---------------------#-------------------
September 12, 2016
Budapest, Hungary
This one-day seminar will focus on how scientific content is used and the advanced role of libraries in making the best of it. The seminar will try to cover aspects of how libraries can improve the use of their content and how libraries can generate content from their side; the role of libraries in producing further content (that is, Open Access University Presses); and libraries' contributions to the development of Open Access.
http://bit.ly/2aVUyvd

Outcomes and Return on Investment of Academic Libraries in a Changing Digital Landscape
---------------------#-------------------
September 15, 2016
Ljubljana, Slovenia
This one-day seminar will approach two critical topics: managing electronic resources during the transition to open access; and economic aspects of using information resources and publishing in new circumstances. This seminar will try to discover return on investment beyond quantifiable value in the form of complex possible outcomes that cannot be directly measured using quantitative indicators, but must be assessed via the long-term quality assessment of their influence on study and research work output.
http://bit.ly/2aP8jtM

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
---------------------#-------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://bit.ly/2a79a8p

8th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
September 21-22, 2016
Arlington, VA
COASP's eighth edition will feature a diverse range of panels, events, and collaborative opportunities to bring together the open access community. With open access now at the top of the agendas of global governments, universities, libraries, funders, and policy makers, and of critical importance to researchers at all stages of their careers, COASP offers a crucial space for those working in open access around the world to come together and discuss developments, innovations, and best practices, and to make and build upon collaborations old and new.
http://bit.ly/OhXCyu

Chinese Institutional Repository Conference
----------------------------------------
ChongQing City, China
September 21-22, 2016
Hosted by the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Library of ChongQing University, the fourth Chinese IR Conference will feature EIFL open access programme manager Iryna Kuchma, who will speak about global open access repository developments and trends.
http://bit.ly/2afoULf

State of the Map
----------------------------------------
September 23-26, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
Talks, discussions and workshops, code and documentation sprints, all to improve the collaborative OpenStreetMap project.
http://bit.ly/28Z6Hxl

The Open Exchange for Social Change
----------------------------------------
October 4, 2016
Madrid, Spain
This pre-IOCD unconference aims to create a space where participants can exchange knowledge and understanding and build solidarity that will lead to better outcomes for IODC and beyond. It is an open space so that attendees can propose the most relevant and urgent topics for their work.
http://bit.ly/2aEpFg1

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
October 6-7
Madrid, Spain
At IODC16, governments, civil society, multilateral organisations, and private companies will gather around a roadmap. the International Open Data Charter, in order to keep improving the governability, citizen engagement, innovation, and international development of open data initiatives.
http://bit.ly/1HQuPNW

Transparency Camp 2016

October 14-15, 2016
Cleveland, OH
The Sunlight Foundation chose Cleveland for this year's unconference in order to tap into the local expertise of an area with strong grassroots organisers and clear problems the community is trying to solve. The event aims to bring together librarians, government officials, technologists, civic leaders, community organisers, and others to figure out strategies and solutions for making local and state governance better, faster, smarter and more transparent.
http://bit.ly/2aP6RaV

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ODI Summit
----------------------------------------
November 1, 2016
London, UK
The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.
http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

WIPO Standing Committee on Copyright and Related Rights
----------------------------------------
November 14-16, 2016
Geneva, Switzerland
Topics at the 33rd meeting of SCCR will include the protection of broadcasting organisations, exceptions and limitations for libraries and archives, limitations and exceptions for educational and research institutions and for persons with disabilities, and proposals for analysing copyright with respect to the digital environment and to include the resale right in future work.
http://bit.ly/2bi2lF9

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week of 12 August 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: Citizen Lab, EDRi, EFF, Privacy International, La Quadrature du Net.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

The Wall Street Journal reports that Procter and Gamble is to scale back its targeted Facebook ads, believing that it has taken the narrow marketing approach too far. However, the company will maintain its level of spending on Facebook, cutting back instead on ads on smaller sites that don't have a similar reach. The largest brands benefit more from a broader approach.
WSJ: http://on.wsj.com/2aZGvln

Brazil: Supreme Court refuses algorithmic transparency
----------------------------------------------------------------------
While the Daily Dot warns that visitors to Rio have probably already been hacked via one of myriad spoofed wifi networks and other techniques, Jota reports that the Brazilian Supreme Court has denied a recent citizen's request for access to the source code for the algorithm that allocates cases to rapporteurs, who typically make autonomous decisions. Because randomness is a crucial element in assuring fairness, Jota argues that the Supreme Court should make the algorithm public to provide transparency into how it works so that citizens can be satisfied it's not being manipulated, either as a gesture of goodwill or to comply with the Access to Information Act.
Daily Dot: http://bit.ly/2aZGCxD
Jota (Portuguese): http://bit.ly/2aMJKvP
Google Translate: http://bit.ly/2bk8Jep

Malaysia: New law gives government sweeping powers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Human Rights Watch calls for the immediate repeal of Malaysia's new National Security Council Act, which came into force on August 1 and gives the government the power to declare any or all regions of the country as security areas where police may conduct arrests, searches, and seizures without warrants, limit freedom of movement, ban demonstrations, and impose comprehensive security requirements. Such declarations last six months, but are infinitely renewable.
HRW: http://bit.ly/2aP4k0G

Peru installs off-the-shelf national surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Associated Press reports that despite protests last year the Peruvian government went ahead with a $22 million purchase of off-the-shelf surveillance software made by an Israel-based subsidiary of Verint Systems Ltd that allows it to intercept voice calls, text messages and emails. Documents obtained by the AP show how easy it is for countries to use this unregulated market to violate basic rights using the same tools that are sold to Western police and spy agencies for "lawful interception". Privacy International's latest work, a report on the global surveillance industry and the accompanying searchable global surveillance industry index, maps modern surveillance technologies, their trade, the companies that manufacture and export them, and the regulation governing the trade. PI developed its information from investigative reporting, whistleblowers, and government transparency reports.
AP (Washington Post): http://wapo.st/2aZH3YD
PI (report): http://bit.ly/2b8vfDX
PI (index): http://bit.ly/2biKFXs

Open access provides citation advantage
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1Science reports that new research finds that open access papers have a 50% citation advantage over papers published in subscription-based journals. At her website, US presidential candidate Hillary Clinton has published a tech and innovation agenda that includes open licensing for publicly-funded research. Meanwhile, Inside Higher Ed reports calls for a boycott of SSRN, which was sold to Elsevier in May. SSRN is under fire because some papers were removed from the database, which Elsevier has explained was a mistake, not a change of policy.
1Science: http://bit.ly/2bkaDf9
Clinton: http://hrc.io/2bkfC0Q
Inside Higher Ed: http://bit.ly/2aJWdR0

American Association of Publishers objects to Sci-Hub research
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Inside Higher Ed reports that the American Association of Publishers has complained that in a presentation he posted, Gabriel J. Gardner, a librarian at California State University at Long Beach, praised Sci-Hub's ease of use. The presentation outlined his research studying the popularity among academics of sharing papers despite violating copyright. In defending Gardner, Roman Kochan, dean of library services at Cal State in return challenged publishers to do more to make journal subscriptions affordable. At the Chronicle of Higher Education, George Mason University cultural studies professor Hugh Gusterson suggests that academics should recognise that journal publishing has become commodified, changing the traditional ecosystem surrounding academic research, and therefore should cease working for free to enrich large, corporate publishers.
Inside Higher Ed: http://bit.ly/2bkfPBa
Chronicle: http://bit.ly/2b96n1s

How foreign governments spy using Power Point and Twitter
----------------------------------------------------------------
At the Washington Post, Citizen Lab director Ron Deibert reveals a cyberespionage campaign operating out of Iran which uses familiar tools like PowerPoint and Twitter to spy on and hack activists. In a newly published report, the Lab discusses this latest addition to a long history of previous digital attacks against civil society, including monitoring and infiltration of human rights groups and journalists using sophisticated spyware (Ethiopia and Sudan), a malware campaign targeted at journalists, activists, and political opposition groups (Latin America), and numerous others. Activists need to work together to make each other safe, and will need help from stakeholders such as funders.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/2b8x9Ex
Citizen Lab: http://bit.ly/2baVoGl

International Olympic Committee bans all unauthorised moving images
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the International Olympic Committee has banned news media from publishing any animated images relating to the Rio Games, including animated GIFs and Vines. Under its "Rule 40", the IOC also bans any commercial organisations that are not sponsors from using any of numerous terms on social media during the Games. The Financial Review explains the IOC sees this as "ambush marketing", and notes the list of terms includes: "summer", "gold", "games", "effort", "victory", "Rio" and "2016". The Drum reports that the IOC relaxed Rule 40 this year, eliminating the blackout period before and during the Games during which non-sponsors were not allowed to mention athletes' names. The Drum also notes that Twitter has suspended the fake @Official_Rule40 account, a bot which automatically chided anyone using the barred terms, most notably the Pope and Donald Trump. At New Republic Dev Saif Gangjee discusses in detail the dubious legal basis on which the IOC stakes its claims.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/2bke5aR
Financial Review: http://bit.ly/2blC6KK
The Drum: http://bit.ly/2b1HRhE
New Republic: http://bit.ly/2aOAH3s


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Truth in civic tech
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Civicist, based on a panel at the recent Personal Democracy Forum, digital strategist Jed Miller discusses the unreasonable expectations common to the technology world and the problem they pose for civic tech in particular. Simplistic expectations, he argues, distorts the incentives for both advocates and donors; it is better to be realistic and understand that learning may look like failure and yet be valuable. Among the panelists whose comments he discusses are OSF's Elizabeth Eagen, Nike Foundation's Shaifali Puri, and Product Team's Sam Dorman.
Civicist: http://bit.ly/2bkb1Ky

India, EU consider network neutrality
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this posting, EDRi discusses the more than 500,000 responses the EU's Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications (BEREC) has received to the network neutrality consultation. Telecom companies are pushing to delete paragraphs regarding free speech. BEREC must publish new rules by August 30. Also, in a blog posting at the Center for Democracy and Technology, CDT Open Internet Fellow Stan Adams discusses the pre-consultation on network neutrality recently launched by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) and its background. How India answers the important questions it's asking, Adams writes, matters to all of us because of its size and growing influence: with only 35% of its population connected, India's internet users make up 13.5% of the online population.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/2biMGmy
CDT: http://bit.ly/2b95uWM

UK and EU: Heading for data divorce?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Axel Arnbak, author of the recent book Securing Private Communications, discusses the widening gap between the UK and the rest of Europe around data privacy. Since 1990, he writes, the UK has repeatedly obstructed policies desired by the EU, such as requiring telecommunications providers to implement end-to-end encryption, and the General Data Protection Regulation and Directive, and the e-Privacy directive. Arnbak believes, therefore, that Britain's exit from the EU may smooth future efforts to legislate for privacy and freedom. An open question, however, is how and whether data transfers between the departed UK and the EU can be made legal. At the Amberhawk blog, Chris Pounder analyses the future of data protection law in a UK outside the EU with no obligation to implement GDPR and concludes that as long as the UK remains a member of the Council of Europe it will be forced to implement the GDPR and UK-based data controllers will have no choice but to comply.
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2aZJ9rx
Amberhawk: http://bit.ly/2b8xEhK

Drones and the future of aviation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video of the one-day workshop Drones and the Future of Aviation, held at the White House, a group of industry, government, and research experts on aviation assembled to discuss the near future of unmanned aircraft systems. The Federal Aviation Administration has announced it will approve the operation of drones over people before the end of the year. The workshop included keynotes by US Chief Technology Officer Megan Smith, FAA Administrator Michael Huerta, and Intel CEO Bryan Krzanich, as well as panels discussing issues such as safety, data collection, and privacy. In Hungary, Atlatszo.hu has been able to use drone footage to improve government transparency by uncovering politicians' hidden assets, capturing aerial footage of protests against the government's internet tax, and showing the true plight of refugees in transit, whom the government sought to characterise as dangerous enemies.
White House: http://bit.ly/2bkfFcI
OSF: https://osf.to/2aOAOMx

EFF at the eleventh HOPE
----------------------------------------------------------------------
On this page, EFF publishes links to video and slides from the talks EFFers gave at the 11th Hackers on the Planet Earth conference (HOPE), held in New York in July. Included are Cory Doctorow's keynote, in which he discusses "Turing-completeness denial", a refusal to understand that computers have limits that underlies many problems in digital rights, including digital rights management, the loss of data privacy, and restrictions on encryption. Like other forms of denial, this one inflicts consequential damages on millions of people who act in good faith. Also linked are a summary of the year in digital liberties, progress on the Let's Encrypt initiative and an outline of Privacy Badger and Panopticlick, tools EFF provides to help web browsers defeat trackers.
EFF: http://bit.ly/2blBKDV


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

The Use And Generation Of Scientific Content - Roles For Libraries
---------------------#-------------------
September 12, 2016
Budapest, Hungary
This one-day seminar will focus on how scientific content is used and the advanced role of libraries in making the best of it. The seminar will try to cover aspects of how libraries can improve the use of their content and how libraries can generate content from their side; the role of libraries in producing further content (that is, Open Access University Presses); and libraries' contributions to the development of Open Access.
http://bit.ly/2aVUyvd

Outcomes and Return on Investment of Academic Libraries in a Changing Digital Landscape
---------------------#-------------------
September 15, 2016
Ljubljana, Slovenia
This one-day seminar will approach two critical topics: managing electronic resources during the transition to open access; and economic aspects of using information resources and publishing in new circumstances. This seminar will try to discover return on investment beyond quantifiable value in the form of complex possible outcomes that cannot be directly measured using quantitative indicators, but must be assessed via the long-term quality assessment of their influence on study and research work output.
http://bit.ly/2aP8jtM

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
---------------------#-------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://bit.ly/2a79a8p

Chinese Institutional Repository Conference
----------------------------------------
ChongQing City, China
September 21-22, 2016
Hosted by the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Library of ChongQing University, the fourth Chinese IR Conference will feature EIFL open access programme manager Iryna Kuchma, who will speak about global open access repository developments and trends.
http://bit.ly/2afoULf

State of the Map
----------------------------------------
September 23-26, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
Talks, discussions and workshops, code and documentation sprints, all to improve the collaborative OpenStreetMap project.
http://bit.ly/28Z6Hxl

The Open Exchange for Social Change
----------------------------------------
October 4, 2016
Madrid, Spain
This pre-IOCD unconference aims to create a space where participants can exchange knowledge and understanding and build solidarity that will lead to better outcomes for IODC and beyond. It is an open space so that attendees can propose the most relevant and urgent topics for their work.
http://bit.ly/2aEpFg1

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
October 6-7
Madrid, Spain
At IODC16, governments, civil society, multilateral organisations, and private companies will gather around a roadmap. the International Open Data Charter, in order to keep improving the governability, citizen engagement, innovation, and international development of open data initiatives.
http://bit.ly/1HQuPNW

Transparency Camp 2016

October 14-15, 2016
Cleveland, OH
The Sunlight Foundation chose Cleveland for this year's unconference in order to tap into the local expertise of an area with strong grassroots organisers and clear problems the community is trying to solve. The event aims to bring together librarians, government officials, technologists, civic leaders, community organisers, and others to figure out strategies and solutions for making local and state governance better, faster, smarter and more transparent.
http://bit.ly/2aP6RaV

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ODI Summit
----------------------------------------
November 1, 2016
London, UK
The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.
http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Open Government Partnership Summit
----------------------------------------
December 7-9, 2016
Paris, France
Representatives from governments, academia, civil society and international organizations will gather to share their experiences and best practices and push forward the open government global agenda in light of the great challenges of the modern world. As a forum for sharing best practices, OGP provides a unique platform that brings together, stimulates and expands the community of state reformers worldwide.
http://bit.ly/2b1IY0Q

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ

Open Repositories 2017
----------------------------------------
June 26-30, 2017
Brisbane, Australia
The annual Open Repositories Conference brings together users and developers of open digital repository platforms from higher education, government, galleries, libraries, archives and museums. The Conference provides an interactive forum for delegates from around the world to come together and explore the global challenges and opportunities facing libraries and the broader scholarly information landscape.
http://bit.ly/2aOCiGp

8th Conference on Open Access Scholarly Publishing
----------------------------------------
September 21-22, 2017
Arlington, VA
COASP's eighth edition will feature a diverse range of panels, events, and collaborative opportunities to bring together the open access community. With open access now at the top of the agendas of global governments, universities, libraries, funders, and policy makers, and of critical importance to researchers at all stages of their careers, COASP offers a crucial space for those working in open access around the world to come together and discuss developments, innovations, and best practices, and to make and build upon collaborations old and new.
http://bit.ly/OhXCyu

***

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Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP
News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week of 29 July 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, La Quadrature du Net.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

US: Microsoft wins jurisdictional dispute
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Center for Democracy and Technology reports that the US Second Circuit Court has ruled that Microsoft does not have to turn over emails stored on its Irish servers to US law enforcement seeking to compel disclosure. The ruling, which the Department of Justice may appeal to the Supreme Court, is widely seen as setting an important jurisdictional precedent. It is also an important victory for Microsoft, which argues that the US government should use the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) to obtain the data and promotes the idea that storing data locally will ensure that data of Europeans are subject to Europe's more stringent privacy laws. However, UCL security researcher Steven Murdoch argues that the ruling will give false assurance to customers of US companies, because other circumstances might produce a different decision by US courts. Within days of the ruling, Gizmodo reported that President Barack Obama has proposed a plan to allow the US and UK to access data stored on servers in each other's countries as long as the searches were only for data relating to citizens of the country doing the searching. Both countries would need legislative approval.
CDT: http://bit.ly/2azvJXY
Murdoch: http://bit.ly/2axUD8C
ACLU: http://bit.ly/2axUEcN
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2akUEcH

France extends State of Emergency until January 2017
----------------------------------------------------------------------
La Quadrature du Net reports that in response to the Nice attacks the French government has extended the State of Emergency until January 2017 and amended the 2015 Intelligence Act to legalise domestic mass surveillance. The new provision extends real-time monitoring of communications data from individuals who had been "identified as a [terrorist] threat" - such as the 11,700 people with an "S-File" linked with radical Islamism - to anyone "likely related to a threat" or belonging to the entourage of someone so identified.
LQDN: http://bit.ly/2a2NWfq

Russia accused of interfering in US presidential elections
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As the Democratic national convention begins in Philadelphia, at Motherboard Thomas Rid, a Kings College London professor and author of Cyberwar Will Not Take Place, studies the evidence for attributing to state-sponsored Russian hackers the breach of the Democratic National Committee's server, which also exposed the organisation's opposition research on the Trump campaign. Rid sees the attack as setting a dangerous precedent for electronic interference by one country in the elections of another. Engadget confirms that the FBI is investigating the DNC email hack and is auditing the DNC's Republican counterpart, where no such hack has yet been reported. CNN reports that Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov has dismissed the claim, and reviews the history of the breach. The Guardian outlines Russian support for Donald Trump. On July 22, Wikileaks published the collection of 19,234 emails taken from DNC servers as the second in its "Hillary Leaks" series (the first was a collection of emails from Hillary Clinton's home server). On July 25, the Guardian reported that the emails' exposure of DNC leaders' active favouritism for Hillary Clinton over Bernie Sanders has forced the resignation of DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz.
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/2a2OMbR
Engadget: http://engt.co/2au3Sp8
CNN: http://cnn.it/2aBpE9U
Guardian (Trump): http://bit.ly/2aAqk29
Guardian (Schultz): http://bit.ly/2agJll0

Turkey, US: Critics accuse Wikileaks of publishing confidential personal information
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Gizmodo reports that the 19,234 emails from Democratic National Committee members posted online by Wikileaks include the credit card, Social Security, and passport numbers of many small individual donors - a treasure trove for identity fraudsters, a fact easily checked via Gizmodo's published search method. Meanwhile, at the Huffington Post, Zeynep Tufecki examines Wikileaks' previously published "AKP Email Archive", obtained a week before the attempted coup, published shortly afterwards, and almost immediately blocked by the Turkish internet authority, and finds nothing that serves the public interest. However, she reports that among related files to which Wikileaks linked are massive databases of highly sensitive personal information about millions of Turkish individuals. One such includes almost every adult woman in Turkey, giving real - and correct as far as Tufecki could check- home addresses, mobile phone numbers, and affiliation with AKP, the group that attempted to overthrow the government. "There is not a single good reason to put so many men and women in such danger of identity theft, harassment and worse," she concludes. On Twitter, Wikileaks responded: "The story is fabricated by an Erdogan apologist in Turkey. We have already lodged a complaint with Arianna Huffington." Soon afterwards, national security blogger Michael Best came forward to explain how the files were obtained and take responsibility for their release (he has deleted the bittorrent instance he created on the Internet Archive server to distribute them, the link Wikileaks promoted). "What happened was a perfect storm of events that I could have prevented, and wish I had," he writes.
Gizmodo: http://bit.ly/2ar17Xf
Huffington Post: http://huff.to/2akVpCw
Best: http://bit.ly/2agYWHl

US: EFF challenges Digital Millennium Copyright Act
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Based on 20 years of collected evidence, EFF has announced that it is mounting a new legal challenge to Section 1201 of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, which the EFF has opposed ever since its passage in 1998. The law, EFF argues, is unconstitutional because it impedes security research, blocks remixes, and inhibits the use of fair use rights. "Copyright law," EFF adds in a second posting, "shouldn't be casting a legal shadow over activities as basic as popping the hood of your own car, offering commentary on a shared piece of culture (and helping others do so), and testing security infrastructure."
EFF: http://bit.ly/2afobd1

Historical data leads to Kickass Torrents owner's arrest
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Torrentfreak reports that the alleged owner of Kickass Torrents (KAT), the world's largest torrent site, has been arrested in Poland on a request from US authorities, and is waiting to learn if he will be extradited. Several types of data led investigators to Artem Vaulin: historical Whois records for early KAT domains showing his name, and cross-referencing that showed the same IP address was used to log into KAT's Facebook account and to conduct transactions on iTunes. In the criminal complaint, Business Insider finds the reason behind KAT's near-immediate access to copies of movies, often within days of their original release: conversion using a telecine machine, which directly converts cinema reels to digital file - a method that implies insider access. Torrentfreak also reports that Gary Fung, the Canadian founder of the now-defunct torrent site Isohunt, has settled with the music industry for $66 million.
TorrentFreak (KAT): http://bit.ly/2agISz4
Business Insider: http://read.bi/2aNr9Bk
TorrentFreak (Fung): http://bit.ly/2ar1kcY


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Best case scenarios for copyright: education
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As part of Communia's effort to document best case scenarios for copyright, in this article Teresa Nobre and Alari Rammo discuss the educational exceptions in the Estonian Copyright Act, which were adopted in 1992. These include the free use of copyrighted works for scientific, educational, informational, and judicial purposes and allow public performances of protected works in front of limited school-related audiences. Estonia's approach, they write, has led to "a relatively abstract norm that allows for a broad spectrum of unauthorised uses" that is similar to open-ended defences like the US Fair Use doctrine. The authors suggest, however, that Estonia's law could be improved as two exceptions overlap, causing issues of interpretation.
Communia (PDF): http://bit.ly/2aj5kLa

Refugees and communication
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this three-minute video clip, best watched on a mobile phone, the BBC shows the importance of mobile phones to refugees, who struggle to identify their location, reunite with dispersed family and friends, and find safety. The idea was inspired by the stories the BBC collected in researching the communications needs of those fleeing their countries. Alongside the clip is a research report written from in-depth interviews with 79 refugees and 45 humanitarian actors studying refugees' communication behaviours and information needs during their journey, in Greek transit camps, and in Germany.
BBC: http://bbc.in/2aeuQ28

Legal analysis of Pokémon Go
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Freedom to Tinker, Tiffany Li offers a legal analysis of the issues surrounding the sudden popularity of Pokémon Go, which has spawned stories of absorbed users falling off cliffs and hitting a police car and privacy violations when private locations are misidentified on the map as gyms. Li examines Pokémon owner Niantic's liability for injuries, the privacy implications of the amount of information the Pokémon app requires, and intellectual property and trespass concerns. These issues, Li concludes are not specific to Pokémon Go; they will apply to any augmented reality game. Bitchmedia reports on a novel use of the game by the Clinton campaign: to lure unregistered voters to volunteers who help them register.
Freedom to Tinker: http://bit.ly/2adaozE
Bitchmedia: http://bit.ly/2ahI3t5

UK: The referendum and the future
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting for the Open Government Partnership, Birkbeck College lecturer in politics Ben Worthy discusses the likely future of open government for the post-EU UK. Brexit itself, he writes, will soon become a transparency issue as negotiators seek to balance the advantages of keeping their goals confidential with the need to reassure Leave voters that their goals have not been sold out. At the London Review of Books, John Lanchester mulls how an idea that was considered lunatic fringe in 1997 became a mainstream reality in 2016: today, he writes, geography matters more than class, the white working class has been abandoned, and the divisions between the two main parties do not reflect at all the economic divisions that dominate many people's thinking.
Open Government Partnership: http://bit.ly/2a7GwDc
London Review of Books: http://bit.ly/2a2PplJ

Burkina Faso: Reconstructing history
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at mySociety, Dave Whiteland writes about EveryPolitician's ambition to provide data about every politician in the world and Teg-Wende Idriss Tinto's efforts to reconstruct the history of Burkina Faso's Parliament, which was lost when insurgents set a fire in the National Assembly building in 2014, destroying 90% of the country's records. Tinto is appealing for assistance from anyone with information on the members of Burkina Faso's parliament from independence in 1960 until 1992.
https://www.mysociety.org/2016/07/15/everypolitician-and-historic-data/
https://groups.google.com/d/msg/pmo-network/NhNUqkl8UoY/MS754DJvAQAJ

If financial systems were hacked
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article, part of its "The World If" series, The Economist imagines what would happen if the global financial infrastructure were attacked, for example, via clearing houses or payments systems. To date, cyberattacks have focused on single banks. In this scenario, however, the attack might begin by tweaking numbers so that the clearing houses can't settle up at the end of each day. Ultimately, the system needs to plan for response-and-recovery instead of assuming that their security is sufficient to ensure that such attacks cannot happen. Other scenarios in the series include terrorist access to nuclear weapons, states trading territories, and universal drone ownership.
Economist (finance): http://bit.ly/2agJPaC
Economist (WorldIf): http://bit.ly/2azxaWi


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
---------------------#-------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://bit.ly/2a79a8p

Chinese Institutional Repository Conference
----------------------------------------
ChongQing City, China
September 21-22, 2016
Hosted by the National Science Library, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Library of ChongQing University, the fourth Chinese IR Conference will feature EIFL open access programme manager Iryna Kuchma, who will speak about global open access repository developments and trends.
http://bit.ly/2afoULf

State of the Map
----------------------------------------
September 23-26, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
Talks, discussions and workshops, code and documentation sprints, all to improve the collaborative OpenStreetMap project.
http://bit.ly/28Z6Hxl

International Open Data Conference
----------------------------------------
October 6-7
Madrid, Spain
At IODC16, governments, civil society, multilateral organisations, and private companies will gather around a roadmap. the International Open Data Charter, in order to keep improving the governability, citizen engagement, innovation, and international development of open data initiatives.
http://bit.ly/1HQuPNW

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ODI Summit
----------------------------------------
November 1, 2016
London, UK
The annual Open Data Institute Summit will feature inspiring stories from around the world on how people are innovating with the web of data, and presentations from diverse innovators, from current startup founders to experienced, high-profile speakers such as World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee, AI expert Nigel Shadbolt and Lastminute.com founder Martha Lane Fox.
http://bit.ly/2ar2aXf

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
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Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP



News Digest | Open Society Information Program | Week of 15 July 2016
====================================================

The Information Program News Digest, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EIFL, Open Rights Group, Privacy International, La Quadrature du Net.


PROGRAM NEWS
============

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

UK: Amid referendum fallout, surveillance and copyright bills proceed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As Theresa May assumes the premiership after two weeks of political uncertainty, the Open Rights Group reports that the government has introduced the Digital Economy bill as planned. Among its provisions are an increase in maximum prison terms for online copyright infringement from two years to ten; age verification for all commercial pornography websites; and increased data sharing across government. Separately, ORG analyses the impact of Britain's withdrawal from the EU on digital rights generally and the progress of the Investigatory Powers bill, which was debated in the House of Lords on July 11. Intellectual Property Watch reports that legal experts expect withdrawal to delay the introduction of the EU unitary patent and unified patent court and create uncertainty and added costs for trademark owners. Kenedict Innovation Analytics provides a network analysis and visualisation showing the likely impact on the UK's scientific research ecosystem.
ORG (DEB): http://bit.ly/29vQbmH
ORG (Brexit): http://bit.ly/29KWV3E
ORG (IP bill): http://bit.ly/29KWtCw
Parliament TV: http://bit.ly/29F2FfU
IP Watch: http://bit.ly/29CE4qW
Kenedict: http://bit.ly/29LDvvI

UN passes resolution condemning internet shutdowns
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that the United Nations Human Rights Council has passed a resolution condemning internet shutdowns and renewing its commitment to the principle that human rights apply online as much as they do offline. The resolution follows recent shutdowns in Turkey, Bahrain, and Algeria; the first half of 2016 has seen 20 such incidents, up from 15 for the year 2015. Ghana police have pulled back from a suggested social media shutdown for the November 2016 elections. IFEX reports that during recent protests in Zimbabwe, the country's main communications tool, WhatsApp, was disabled.
The #KeepItOn campaign includes civil society and human rights groups from around the world among its members.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/29LDvMk
IFEX: http://bit.ly/29zQ60R
#KeepItOn: http://bit.ly/29BXRUZ

Dallas police deploy 'killer robot'
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Intercept reports that a standoff between police and a suspect in the Dallas shooting spree ended when law enforcement used a bomb disposal robot to deliver and detonate explosives to the suspect's hideout. The incident is believed to be the first-ever case of its kind outside a war zone. The Dallas Police Department has declined to provide details about the robot that was used. At Wired, Kim Zetter concludes that the robot was the only option for Dallas police and that the circumstances were unusual enough that weaponised robots are not likely to become the norm, though the New York Times argues that instead we should be concerned the incident will inspire other police forces to adopt this type of technology. At Fusion, Elmo Keep has identified the manufacturer of the robot in question as Northrop Grumman. In an interview at the Verge, We Robot co-founder Ryan Calo explores the ethics of autonomous weapons and why the Dallas case doesn't require new legal thinking.
Intercept: http://bit.ly/29vyIeW
Wired: http://bit.ly/29VgWpK
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/29wsiex
Fusion: http://fus.in/29FFvGf
The Verge: http://bit.ly/29VhLi2

Copyright licensing ends British Library's international non-commercial document service
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EIFL reports that as of July 1 the British Library has discontinued its international non-commercial document service, four and a half years after the service became licence-based instead of supported by a copyright exception. Data obtained by EIFL via a FOI request shows that the switch resulted in an immediate 93% drop in the number of available journal titles. A small percentage remained available at vastly more expensive commercial rates. The result was a precipitous 98% drop in the number of satisfied requests as well as the number of countries served. EIFL finds that the healthcare sector was particularly affected. EIFL concludes that a copyright exception for international inter-library document delivery is essential.
EIFL: http://bit.ly/29zSbcY

EU: European Commission adopts Privacy Shield
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the the European Commission has adopted Privacy Shield to replace Safe Harbor as a framework under which personal data may be transferred from the EU to the US. It comes into force immediately. In an analysis of a leaked version shortly before the vote, Privacy International finds four major problems: 1) the agreement is opaque; 2) although the principles the Shield enshrines are improvements since Safe Harbor, they still fall short; 3) the safeguards are not sufficient legal protection; 4) the Ombudsperson created by the agreement is not fully independent and has very limited ability to provide redress.
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/29zQxIz
PI: http://bit.ly/29H921e

EU: Web content blocking incorporated into draft anti-terrorism law
----------------------------------------------------------------------
La Quadrature du Net reports that on July 5 the LIBE Committee adopted the draft Directive on Combating Terrorism, which it says incorporates the "worst anti-terrorism and surveillance laws from across the European Union" into a single directive. LQDN is particularly concerned about the "blank check" approach to extending web blocking measures across the EU, and believes that the directive profoundly undermines fundamental rights.
LQDN: http://bit.ly/29H91uf


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Belarus: The police officer in your pocket
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this report based on interviews with more than 50 human rights activists, journalists, lawyers, technology experts, and others, Amnesty International finds that Belarusian telecom companies, despite their foreign ownership, grant the government nearly unlimited access to their customers' communications and data and that activists say the result is a culture of fear in which it's safest to assume that everything they say will reach the KGB. "People's mobile phones are now like police officers in their pockets," Joshua Franco tells AI.
Amnesty: http://bit.ly/29Bzdce

The blockchain patent gold rush
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Fusion, Elmo Keep finds that patents are being filed on blockchain applications by dozens of claimants including some major corporations such as Bank of America. As Keep notes, the patents, if granted, could translate into very substantial profits, none of which will accrue to the original inventor, who released bitcoin without such protection.
Fusion: http://fus.in/29BzXxX

Internet governance in transition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this video clip, cyber rights lawyer Mike Godwin hosts a panel to debate US plans to let go its control of internet governance functions and the legislation introduced by US Senator Ted Cruz (R-Texas) and Representative Sean Duffy (R-Wisconsin) to delay transition. The panellists include experts from the R Street Institute, Mercatus Center, NTIA, TechFreedom, the Heritage Foundation, and the Internet Infrastructure Coalition. Delay might provide the time to answer some stubborn and unsolved questions such as jurisdiction but create increased international distrust in the process.
https://youtu.be/aD4ttZCQpEE

The future of copyright according to Julia Reda
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this speech (video and transcript) given at the CREATe Festival, MEP Julia Reda discusses the proposed copyright exception for text and data mining and argues that the evidence base CREATe has been developing suggests what's needed is a paradigm shift rather than continued patching of existing law. Change will require much international collaboration: "National sovereignty in a globalized world is an illusion." Other videos from the Festival include discussions of business models and the role of online intermediaries.
Reda: http://bit.ly/29Vi6RX
CREATe: http://bit.ly/29BzN9S

The proposed Code of Ethics for Human Augmentation
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at KurzweilAI.net, University of Toronto professor Steve Mann and a host of others propose a Code of Ethics for Human Augmentation. Presented at the VRTO Virtual and Augmented Reality World Conference 2016, the Code includes three "laws": humans have the right to know when and how they're being surveilled; humans should not be discouraged from monitoring the entities monitoring them; and humans have an affirmative right to audit information recorded about them - and "must not design machines of malice". Mann, the earliest pioneer in wearable computing, is asking for contributions to improve the next version of the code, which he intends to submit to IEEE on July 22, 2016. In a special report, The Economist considers the state of artificial intelligence with pieces on "automation anxiety" and progress in neural networking,
KurzweilAI: http://bit.ly/29H8SqZ
Economist: http://econ.st/29PdeLo

Can we design sociotechnical systems that don't suck?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Ethan Zuckerman discusses the common tendency to attempt to solve social problems by smothering them with technology. His specific target is an essay that argued that the problem of prison violence could be solved by isolating each prisoner in an individual cell and providing social interaction through Oculus Rift VR headsets. Zuckerman uses the essay - and the widespread "hate-linking" it's encountered - to ask: "how do we help smart, well-meaning people address social problems in ways that make the world better, not worse?"
Zuckerman: http://bit.ly/2a74oIp


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
---------------------#-------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://bit.ly/2a79a8p

State of the Map
----------------------------------------
September 23-26, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
Talks, discussions and workshops, code and documentation sprints, all to improve the collaborative OpenStreetMap project.
http://bit.ly/28Z6Hxl

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

ICANN 57
----------------------------------------
November 3-9, 2016
Hyderabad, India
ICANN meetings provide a venue for progressing policy work, conducting outreach, exchanging best practices, conducting business deals, interacting among members of the ICANN Community, including board and staff, and learning about ICANN.
http://bit.ly/29CmNg9

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Internet Governance Forum
----------------------------------------
December 6-9, 2016 (TBC)
Guadalajara, Mexico
With the UN's renewal in December 2015, the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) consolidates itself as a platform to bring people together from various stakeholder groups as equals, in discussions on public policy issues relating to the Internet. While there is no negotiated outcome, the IGF informs and inspires those with policy-making power in both the public and private sectors. At their annual meeting delegates discuss, exchange information and share good practices with each other.
http://bit.ly/28YwZPX

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

Rightscon 2017
----------------------------------------
March 29-31, 2017
Brussels, Belgium
RightsCon will tackle the most pressing issues at the intersection of technology and human rights.
http://bit.ly/I2ZAUZ


***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP


News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 10 June 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, Privacy International, Quadrature du Net, SPARC Europe.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

UK: Investigatory Powers bill passes House of Commons
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Bloomberg reports that on June 8 the UK's House of Commons voted 444 to 69 to adopt the Investigatory Powers bill. The version that passed will require companies to remove encryption only if they themselves have installed it and if doing so is technically feasible and not unduly expensive. Liberty's former Executive Director Shami Chakrabarti called the changes since the draft bill was first published "minor botox". In a press statement, Privacy International expressed disappointment that the only concession won by the opposition Labour party was an independent review of the operational case for the bulk powers the bill provides. The bill now passes to the House of Lords for consideration and be submitted for review by a panel of legal experts chaired by David Anderson, QC, the UK's independent reviewer of terrorism legislation.
Bloomberg: http://bloom.bg/218z7Ym
PI: http://bit.ly/1PhVvIG

EU: In the run-up to copyright reform, visually impaired still left out
----------------------------------------------------------------------
European Digital Rights' "copyfail" series highlights nine copyright injustices as the EU prepares to review its copyright legislation. Number two on the list, EDRi particularly calls out the EU for failing to ratify the Marrakesh Treaty, intended to facilitate access for the visually impaired. The rest of the list includes a chaotic reuse regime, private enforcement, inadequate remuneration for authors, geoblocking, and restrictions on lending and borrowing. At Open Media, Ruth Coustick-Deal reports that laws under consideration could open the way to a "link tax".
EDRi (Treaty): http://bit.ly/1UBlbRH
EDRi (copyfails): http://bit.ly/22QRClH
Open Media: http://bit.ly/1Yf7TAv

Facial recognition will soon end anonymity in public
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the Singularity Hub, Tarun Wadhwa reports on a Russian app called FindFace that demonstrates the reality we will all soon face: that advances in facial recognition will soon mean that anonymity in public places has become obsolete. More accurate recognition algorithms, social media's massive databases of identified faces, and the processing capabilities of the devices everyone carries will mean that the images captured by the world's 250 million video surveillance cameras will be easily identifiable. FedBizOps notes that on July 12 the Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) will host a one-day conference on deep intermodal video analysis to scope out research questions and address questions from potential proposers.
Singularity Hub: http://bit.ly/1OdMmpx
FBO: http://1.usa.gov/1Ya7EWY

UK: Security agencies bend rules despite oversight
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ian Thompson reports at The Register that letters exchanged between GCHQ and its official overseer in 2004, obtained by Privacy International, show that the agency was willing to bend the rules. Oversight, assigned to Sir Swinton Thomas, then the Interception Commissioner, failed because Thomas neither knew nor followed the rules he was charged with enforcing. Years after the passage of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (2000), the services went on using the 1984 Telecommunications Act to command access to citizens' private data.
Register: http://bit.ly/1PhVSTp

EU: LIBE committee to vote on draft terrorism directive on June 15
----------------------------------------------------------------------
La Quadrature du Net reports that the European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties (LIBE) will vote on June 15 on the draft directive on terrorism, which contains many policies that Quadrature has been fighting against in France for the last two years: censorship of the web, attacks on encryption and the right to privacy, mass electronic surveillance, and lack of safeguards for civil liberties. Quadrature goes on to analyse the likely stance of LIBE committee members.
Quadrature: http://bit.ly/1TZWWCT

EU: Leaders call for open access to all scientific papers by 2020
----------------------------------------------------------------------
SPARC Europe reports that European ministers have united on making immediate access to scientific publications the default by 2020. Among the EU's goals: remove unnecessary legal, organisational, and financial barriers that prevent access to publicly funded results; cooperate with non-EU countries; and ensure that researchers and their employers retain copyright to their work.
SPARC Europe (PDF): http://bit.ly/25MH9wB


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Tech Giants and Civic Power
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at the LSE Media Project, Kings College London senior researcher Martin Moore announces his new study "Tech Giants and Civic Power", suggesting that today's technology giants are increasingly taking on civic roles, raising questions about their societal responsibilities - responsibilities beyond those to their customers or shareholders. At the New York Times, Farhad Manjoo discusses the rise of the "Frightful Five", i.e. Apple, Amazon, Facebook, Microsoft and Alphabet, Google's parent, which have created a set of inescapable tech platforms that govern much of the business world. The coming years will see many more countries joining "the coming global freak-out", which, Manjoo argues, will lead to fragmentation as nation-states fight back to preserve their hegemony.
LSE: http://bit.ly/1sws2Wu
New York Times: http://nyti.ms/1Zz3J4L

Helping funders find trustworthy technical advice
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Inside Philanthropy article, mySociety founder Tom Steinberg discusses how funders can identify trustworthy technical advice. Well-meaning incompetence is a bigger problem than fraud, a problem he illustrates with Hillary Clinton's email server. To solve this problem, he recommends seeking advice from NGOs that are widely known to be tech-savvy as well as staff at high-tech funders, and asking potential recipients about their experience creating technology products. Also, ask via social media who to trust, and pay experts to help write job ads and conduct interviews.
http://bit.ly/1WFsMVH

Reinventing the web
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At the New York Times, Quentin Hardy reports on the Decentralized Web Summit, where internet pioneers such as Tim Berners-Lee, Brewster Kahle, and Vint Cerf gathered to brainstorm reinventing the web to resist censorship, surveillance, and control through payment chokepoints. The project is in the early stages.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/1UggfpL

China: Internet censorship works
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Washington Post, Simon Denyer highlights the scariest part of China's efforts to censor the internet: they work. Even though technical experts and others argued the internet's design ensures that information will inevitably reach those who want it, in January China's internet czar, Lu Wei, said of censorship, "This path is the choice of history." Also contrary to technical predictions, China's e-commerce market does not seem to have suffered; Global Voices highlights public-private censorship partnerships. Denyer cites research from Freedom House showing that one-third of the world's population face heavy internet censorship. The Economist finds that curbs on free speech are growing worldwide via three primary methods: government repression; assassination; and the spreading idea that people have the right not to be offended.
Washington Post: http://wapo.st/1UEYkru
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/1Yf9Nkk
Economist: http://econ.st/24AK8lY

Google's science fiction misfires
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At STAT, Charles Piller discusses Google's most far-out projects and its many misses. The Tricorder project and the glucose-sensing contact lens are just two examples of projects that have so far failed to deliver on the hype surrounding them. Meanwhile, employees have been leaving Verily, the Google arm where these projects have been incubated. Piller asks, does Silicon Valley arrogance inevitably create "vapourware culture"?
STAT: http://bit.ly/1Ya8Iu2

The secret symbol neo-Nazis are using to target Jews online: parentheses
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at Tech.Mic, Cooper Fleishman and Anthony Smith report that various anti-Semitic groups have begun enclosing Jewish names in (((triple parentheses))) to highlight them as trollbait. Because search engines typically disregard punctuation, the resulting harassment is difficult to track to its source. Engadget reports that Google has pulled from its store the Coincidence Detector browser extension, intended to automatically apply such highlights to pages displayed in Chrome. In the Sunday Review, New York Times reporter Jonathan Weisman recounts his personal experience as a target.
Mic: http://bit.ly/22QUJKk

Historical computing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At this YouTube channel, the Computer History Archives Project posts promotional and educational videos from decades past. IBM is heavily represented, but also available are videos covering the early PLATO computer-based education systems, UNIVAC, ENIAC, and Remington Rand. The videos suggest that computers have changed far less than the society around them.
YouTube: http://bit.ly/1Xb0TVC


***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 13-14, 2016
Berkeley, CA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/1RgmF6w

OR2016 Conference
----------------------------------------
June 13-16, 2016
Dublin, NL
The theme of OR2016 is "Illuminating the World." OR2016 will provide an opportunity to explore the impact of repositories and related infrastructure and processes.
http://bit.ly/1pcUNp4

Privatising the rule of law
----------------------------------------
June 16, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
This afternoon event, organised by MEP Marietje Schaake in conjunction with EDRi, will discuss private online law enforcement and liability in the areas of hate speech and copyright. Speakers are drawn from academic, government, civil society, and industry. Space is limited.
http://bit.ly/24AJQLV

BEUC Digiforum
----------------------------------------
June 20, 2016
Brussels, Belgium
"Consumers shaping the digital economy" is the topic of this Digiforum, which aims to identify what is needed for consumers to drive the digital market place.
http://bit.ly/1U7XSSw

SOUPS
----------------------------------------
June 22-24, 2016
Denver, Colorado
The 12th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers, workshops and tutorials, a poster session, panels and invited talks, and lightning talks.
http://bit.ly/1Tn7bwy

VOX-Pol Mid-Project conference
----------------------------------------
June 22-24, 2016
Dublin, Ireland
The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence is an EU-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of violent online political extremism and responses to it. The conference will feature sessions describing and discussing in-depth and cutting-edge research on violent political extremism and terrorism and the Internet.
http://bit.ly/1U9kfnn

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
June 24-26
Esino Lario, Italy
Wikimania is the annual conference celebrating Wikipedia and its sibling free knowledge projects with conferences, discussions, meetups, training, and a hackathon. Hundreds of volunteer editors come together to learn about and discuss projects, approaches and issues.
http://bit.ly/24m1rci

Jisc and CNI Conference 2016
----------------------------------------
July 6, 2016
Oxford, UK
This year's Joint Information Systems Committee and Coalition for Networked Information conference will bring together leading experts from the US, UK, and Europe to explore the current issues and innovations in digital scholarship and facilitate a rich international exchange on leading practice and policy.
http://bit.ly/238UBnS

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
---------------------#-------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://2016.ifla.org/

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP





News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 27 May 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq.


NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Google appeals French "right to be forgotten" ruling
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that Google has appealed to the Conseil d'Etat against a French court ruling requiring the company to remove results requested for delisting under the right to be forgotten from all its sites worldwide and for all users, not just from searches conducted from the EU. In an op-ed for France's Le Monde newspaper, Google global general counsel Kent Walker announced the company will appeal the ruling. Walker argues that French jurisdiction should not extend to requiring the removal of content from other national sites that is legal in those other countries. To do so, he says, would create the conditions for a "global race to the bottom, harming access to information that is perfectly lawful to view in one's own country."
Guardian: http://bit.ly/1WWPOIk
Google: http://bit.ly/1RtLA26

US: John Crane exposes the lives of Whistleblowers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
A Guardian excerpt from Mark Hertsgaard's new book Bravehearts: Whistle Blowing in the Age of Snowden, reports the story of John Crane, a former senior official in the US Department of Defense. For years, Crane fought his superiors to provide fair treatment for pre-Snowden whistleblowers such as Thomas Drake and William Binney. Despite the provisions of the Whistleblower Act, Crane was stopped from providing necessary documents in time for Drake's trial; instead, he now recounts, his superiors lied to the judge that the documents had been destroyed prior to the indictment. Forced out in 2013, Crane filed a complaint with the Government Accountability Project over the above and many other misdeeds; the Justice Department is investigating.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/1U9kqPL

Twitter blocks law enforcement access to data mining service
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The ACLU reports, based on a (paywalled) Wall Street Journal article, that Twitter is to stop allowing US federal intelligence to access its affiliated Dataminr service, which compiles and analyses the hundreds of millions of tweets users post daily. ACLU argues that Twitter should extend the ban to local law enforcement, which similarly is buying surveillance tools that exploit Twitter user data, and goes on to advocate greater transparency about the many other such services on the market, such as Media Sonar and Geofeedia.
ACLU: http://bit.ly/1TCtSvM

Mozambique: $140 million Chinese system enables government surveillance
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Global Voices reports on the independent media outlet @Verdade's investigation of surveillance in Mozambique, where the government has been secretly listening to phone calls, reading emails and other text messages, and monitoring social media and web activity using a system reportedly built by the Chinese company ZTE Corporation. Built during the latter years of Armando Guebuza's 2005-2015 presidency, the scheme costs the Mozambique government US$140 million in a deal mediated by Guebuza's son's company, Msumbiji Investment Limited. Interceptions are managed by the military command, and neither judicial authorisation nor telecommunications company cooperation is needed.
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/1WPHDNb

US: Oracle v. Google to determine the future of software
----------------------------------------------------------------------
As the six-year-old copyright dispute between Google and Oracle over 37 Java APIs (application programming interfaces; that is, technical specifications that allow third parties to write programs using others' services or software) winds to a close, Wired explains why the case is crucially important for the future of software and what Google's loss could mean to start-ups and established developers alike. In prior hearings, Google won a ruling that APIs were not subject to copyright, but it was overturned on appeal and the Supreme Court declined to hear the case. The District Court will now decide whether Google's usage constitutes "fair use". As Sarah Jeong recounts at Motherboard, one of the most difficult aspects of the case has been explaining what APIs are to the non-expert judge and jury. Oracle is asking for $9.3 billion in damages.
Wired: http://bit.ly/1Vk6xU7
Motherboard: http://bit.ly/1qLOIRd

Elsevier acquires SSRN
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Nature reports that Elsevier has acquired the highly popular Social Science Research Network, an open-access research preprint repository, for an undisclosed sum. Elsevier says it intends to keep SSRN's leadership and user policies unchanged. The oldest and largest preprint server, arXiv, is funded by a host of institutions and operated by Cornell University; co-founder Paul Ginsparg told Nature there are no plans for it to change ownership.
Nature: http://bit.ly/1Z38gfF

Norway: Consumer council exposes app terms and conditions
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In February, the Norwegian Consumer Council published the results of a survey of mobile apps, which detailed the ways that their terms and conditions are opaque and privacy-invasive. The NCC went on to file a complaint against FitnessKeeper after finding that its Runkeeper app was leaking location information to an unknown third-party advertising company. Ars Technica reports that in response Runkeeper has fixed the bug that caused this issue. On May 24, the NCC staged a live-streamed full reading of all the T&Cs that apply to an average smartphone to demonstrate the burden on consumers. Deutsche Welle reports that reading the full text, longer than Moby Dick, took nearly 32 hours.
NCC (study): http://bit.ly/25o2oVq
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/1qLP8H3
NCC (reading): http://www.forbrukerradet.no/terms-and-conditions-word-by-word
Deutsche Welle: http://bit.ly/1WWRj9l

UK: Pressure mounts for a "digital bill of rights"
----------------------------------------------------------------------
CDT reports that the UK think tank Cybersalon has launched a cross-party campaign, backed by a range of civil liberties groups, for a "digital bill of rights". The launch follows a series of efforts by Cybersalon to raise issues of technology and policy via live events. Further events and a process of collecting public opinions are planned before the bill is drafted. In response to Prime Minister David Cameron's call to leave the European Convention on Human Rights, the Guardian published a spoof video in which Patrick Stewart asks what the ECHR has ever done for the UK.
CDT: http://bit.ly/1Z38Jyc
Digital Liberties: http://bit.ly/1XzMGjY
Guardian: http://bit.ly/249ucHf


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

The magic of technology
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Medium article former magician and Google design ethicist Tristan Harris discusses the psychological and design tricks technology companies use to manipulate customers and keep them hooked on their apps and services.
Medium: http://bit.ly/20GPhrL

Sessions from RightsCon
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Among this selection of recorded videos from April's RightsCon are discussions of surveillance in Brazil, and the chilling effect of government programmes, largely targeting Muslims, aiming to counter extremism, particularly in schools (in one case, a child's comment on a school document led to her previously blameless physician father's investigation and arrest for insurance fraud). Particularly interesting is the discussion of surveillance, race, and movement building, which features an intelligent dissection of race, class, and power by Malkia Cyril, who notes that communities of colour have long been watched in everything they do for purposes of control (starting at about 4:00).
RightsCon: http://bit.ly/1TLGaFs

The rise of the mitigators
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting at Civicist, mySociety founder Tom Steinberg divides internet-related organisations into two camps, "promoters" (technology companies, including non-profits such as Wikipedia and Mozilla) and "mitigators" (primarily non-profits such as EFF, Data & Society, the Chaos Computer Club, and Open Rights Group). While both groups have bloomed over the last two decades, Steinberg believes we are entering a period where mitigators will grow substantially and promoters will stall. While Steinberg is unsure what to think - in part, his posting is a request for thoughts - he is sad about the fading of the excitement over "public-interest technologies of real scale".
Civicist: http://bit.ly/1sAPJNa

The false promise of DNA testing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this Atlantic article, Matthew Shaer explores the flaws in DNA evidence created by changes in how forensic science is used, particularly focusing on the Houston forenscis lab, which was implicated in a number of false convictions. The increasing sensitivity of DNA testing has raised the probability of contamination through traces that formerly were too small for testing. Some US states have created conflicts of interest by paying forensic labs for successful convictions. Probabilistic genetic typing software may help solve the first problem; changing incentives and firewalling forensic labs from state prosecutors may help the second.
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/1TYOVYI

The social licence of publishing
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this year's Charles Clark Memorial Lecture (transcribed), University of Sydney professor Michael Fraser warns publishers that they are losing their social licence with the public. Publishers, he says, should re-engineer their business models both to provide better access to their works and better protect authors and should embrace their role as "defenders of freedom".
PLS: http://bit.ly/1Vk6PKA

The benefits of VR
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, the science fiction writer Charles Stross discusses his recent experiments with the HTC Vive virtual reality headset, which he finds to be shockingly good. Given the many scare stories about VR that lurk just around the corner (Stross links to some samples), Stross decided to highlight three unexpected benefits he thinks high-quality VR will bring: improved physical fitness, improved eyesight, and better treatments for mental illness.
Stross: http://bit.ly/1TDArDm

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Transparency Camp Europe
----------------------------------------
June 1, 2016
Amsterdam, Netherlands
This unconference will focus on open data, new technologies, and policies that make the EU work for people, stimulate open government, and help grasp the workings of the various EU institutions. The event will include an online app competition.
http://bit.ly/1WuJ445

Health Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
June 6-7
Washington, DC
The 2016 Health Privacy Summit brings together top national and international experts for serious discussion about global health privacy issues and realistic solutions and to ask, Is Big Data effectively the beginning of the end for privacy in health care?
http://bit.ly/1Qw5AkN

20th International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 7-9, 2016
Göttingen, Germany
ELPUB 2016 will take a fresh look at the current ecosystem of scholarly publishing including the positioning of stakeholders and distribution of economic, technological and discursive power. ELPUB will also open the floor for emerging alternatives in how scholars and citizens interact with scholarly content and what role dissemination and publishing plays in these interactions. Questions to be raised include: What is the core of publishing today? How does agenda setting in emerging frameworks like Open Science function and what is the nature of power of the referring scholarly discourses? How does this relate to the European and world-wide Open Science and Open Innovation agenda of funders and institutions, and how does this look like in publishing practice?
http://bit.ly/1qXdIFo

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------
June 9-10
New York, NY
The 2016 Personal Democracy Forum will feature speakers such as Danah Boyd, Kate Crawford, Douglas Rushkoff, and Anil Dash.
http://bit.ly/1ExPHDH

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 13-14, 2016
Berkeley, CA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/1RgmF6w

OR2016 Conference
----------------------------------------
June 13-16, 2016
Dublin, NL
The theme of OR2016 is "Illuminating the World." OR2016 will provide an opportunity to explore the impact of repositories and related infrastructure and processes.
http://bit.ly/1pcUNp4

SOUPS
----------------------------------------
June 22-24
Denver, Colorado
The 12th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers, workshops and tutorials, a poster session, panels and invited talks, and lightning talks.
http://bit.ly/1Tn7bwy

VOX-Pol Mid-Project conference
----------------------------------------
June 22-24, 2016
Dublin, Ireland
The VOX-Pol Network of Excellence is an EU-funded academic research network focused on researching the prevalence, contours, functions, and impacts of violent online political extremism and responses to it. The conference will feature sessions describing and discussing in-depth and cutting-edge research on violent political extremism and terrorism and the Internet.
http://bit.ly/1U9kfnn

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
June 24-26
Esino Lario, Italy
Wikimania is the annual conference celebrating Wikipedia and its sibling free knowledge projects with conferences, discussions, meetups, training, and a hackathon. Hundreds of volunteer editors come together to learn about and discuss projects, approaches and issues.
http://bit.ly/24m1rci

Jisc and CNI Conference 2016
----------------------------------------
July 6, 2016
Oxford, UK
This year's Joint Information Systems Committee and Coalition for Networked Information conference will bring together leading experts from the US, UK, and Europe to explore the current issues and innovations in digital scholarship and facilitate a rich international exchange on leading practice and policy.
http://bit.ly/238UBnS

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://2016.ifla.org/

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas.
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
If you want to hear more from the Information Program team each week, consider subscribing to our shared bookmarks on delicious using this RSS feed:
http://feeds.pinboard.in/rss/secret:95194ab804ccccac713b/u:osi_info_program/

You can also read more about our work on the Open Society Foundations website: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/programs/information-program

Hear less from the Information Program!
================================
If you wish to unsubscribe from this weekly digest, please send an email with the subject line "Unsubscribe" to info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

This digest operates under the OSF privacy policy: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/about/policies/privacy

Additionally, it uses the bit.ly URL shortening service, which operates under the following privacy policy: http://bit.ly/pages/privacy/

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/

Open Society Foundation, part of the Open Society Foundations, is a company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (company number 4571628) and a registered charity (charity number 1105069). Its registered office address is 7th Floor, Millbank Tower, 21-24 Millbank, London SW1P 4QP

News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 13 May 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EFF, Privacy International.


PROGRAM NEWS
============

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Brazil: State judge shuts down WhatsApp countrywide
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Intercept, Glenn Greenwald reports that on April 26 a Brazilian state judge ordered mobile phone operators to block WhatsApp for 72 hours. The app is the most popular messaging app in Brazil, used by 91% of Brazilian mobile users, or 100 million people. EFF adds that #CPICIBER report, which has now been approved by the Parliamentary Commission on Cybercrime, extends the site-blocking provision to foreign sites without representation in Brazil despite provisions in the Marco Civil that enshrine network neutrality and limiting ISPs' liability. 
Intercept: http://bit.ly/224J9e8
EFF: http://bit.ly/224JcGL

US: Supreme Court grants FBI greater hacking powers
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Guardian reports that the US Supreme Court has ruled that federal judges should be able to issue hacking warrants for any US jurisdiction if the suspect has tried to hide their location. The extension to "Rule 41" is due to go into effect on December 1. However, Senator Ron Wyden, the Intelligence Committee's most senior Democrat, has announced plans to introduce a bill to nullify the court's ruling. In its discussion, EFF notes that the rule change represents not only a vast and dangerous expansion of surveillance powers but also expands the ground covered by the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure from purely procedural matters to changing substantive rights. The power to hack computers in any jurisdiction also appears in the UK's draft Investigatory Powers Bill under the term "bulk equipment interference"; Cambridge professor Ross Anderson analysed the problems with this approach in a written brief he provided in support in support of a case brought last year by Privacy International.
Guardian: http://bit.ly/1NtdnVr
EFF: http://bit.ly/224JzRM
Anderson (PDF): http://bit.ly/224JBcq

China: Baidu under investigation after student's death
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The China Post reports that the Chinese regulator has ruled that leading Chinese search engine Baidu must change the way it displays search results after a student's death was blamed on an experimental cancer treatment he found via the search engine. Reuters, which reported on the investigation, notes that Baidu derives 84% of its revenues from search, and 20-30% of its search revenues from health care. Before he died, student Wei Zexi blamed both Baidu and the military-run hospital where he was treated, which is also under investigation. Baidu has come under fire for advertising clutter that makes it difficult to distinguish paid search results from organic ones. 
Reuters: http://reut.rs/1WuIdR2
China Post: http://bit.ly/24Wgj4S

Netherlands, Belgium: Canada-EU Trade agreement finding opposition
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EurActiv reports that the Dutch and Walloon Parliaments have refused to sign the Canada-EU Trade Agreement, which is due to reach its final negotiation meeting in June. The Foundation for a Free Information Infrastructure has published its analysis of the flaws in the EU-Canada trade agreement, CETA. In a series of postings, FFII argues that CETA will harm the privacy of EU citizens, enact Investor-State Dispute Resolution, and place itself above the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights.
EurActiv: http://bit.ly/1rK95z2
FFII: http://bit.ly/1TSPshx

UK: Land Registry privatisation poses economic risks
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In new research, the Open Data Institute finds that the UK government's plan to privatise the Land Registry threatens anti-corruption efforts and will ultimately cost the UK several billion pounds in foregone tax and VAT revenues. The ODI's research also finds that open data adds 0.5% to GDP when compared to restricted data, which would have amounted to £9 billion for the UK in 2014 - and £232 billion across the world. The ODI is continuing to collect information on how people use Land Registry data for its submission to the consultation on the proposed sale, which ends on May 26.
The ODI: http://bit.ly/1OrQnkO

Google Bans Payday Loan Advertisements 
-----------------------------------------------------------------
The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights, which numbers 200 civil society organisations among its members, has welcomed Google's announcement that the company will ban ads for payday lenders. The company is defining these as loans due for repayment within 60 days or, in the US, charging annual rates of over 36%. At SEObook, Aaron Wall provides a more nuanced look at the decision, pointing out a conflict of interest, in that Google Ventures has had a stake in the short-term lender LendUp since 2013, which he suggests will benefit from the reduced presence of its competitors.
Leadership Conference: http://bit.ly/1TC9o5I
SEObook: http://bit.ly/1rK9m58

Greenpeace leaks draft Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership agreement
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Greenpeace Netherlands has leaked the text of about half of the April 2016 draft of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership treaty. Thirteen of the released chapters show the US position for the first time. While chapters on digital policy issues such as e-commerce and intellectual property were not included in the leak, EDRi provides an analysis of the telecommunications chapter, noting "an ideological drive towards deregulation and law enforcement by private companies". Among the leaked papers, Internet policy expert Monica Horten finds one in which the EU warns the US that last-minute demands for changes to intellectual property provisions mirroring the provisions in the Transpacific Partnership agreement are unlikely to be accepted. She also finds that the telecoms proposals extend the corporate reach noted in other sectors, threatening network neutrality and citizens' rights.
Greenpeace: http://bit.ly/23NCEMa
EDRi: http://bit.ly/1Ntd4Ki
Horten (US demands): http://bit.ly/1Ntde4p
Horten (telecom): http://bit.ly/1Ntde4pt


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Surveillance capitalism
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this lengthy essay from Frankfurter Allgemeine, Shoshana Zuboff frames today's debates over privacy as the effects of "surveillance capitalism", calling Google "ground zero for a wholly new subspecies of capitalism" that "preys on dependent populations who are neither its consumers nor its employees and are largely ignorant of its procedures". Zuboff warns that the practices pioneered by today's large data-driven companies are "poised to transform commercial practice across the real world too".
Frankfurter Allgemeine: http://bit.ly/1X7p6e6

Dilbert's guide to electronic voting
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this comic strip, Dilbert creator Scott Adams concisely captures what's wrong with electronic voting.
Dilbert: http://bit.ly/1Xp8eQy

Sci-Hub appeals to (almost) everyone
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this analysis at Science of server log data supplied by Sci-Hub creator Alexandra Elbakyan, John Bohannon finds that over the six months leading up to March 2016 28 million researchers worldwide downloaded papers from the pirate website for scholarly literature. The publisher with the most requested articles by far is Elsevier. A quarter of downloads came from OECD member countries; 4.4 million came from China, 3.4 million from India. Bohannon also discusses the varying motives for using Sci-Hub: the quick and convenient interface design may count as much as cost. The titles appearing on the list of most-downloaded papers seem startlingly niche. On May 4, TorrentFreak reported that Elsevier, which used its preliminary injunction to request the seizure of the original sci-hub.org domain, has now succeeded in getting the Chinese registrar for .io to pull that Sci-Hub  domain name as well, though backup domains sci-hub.bz and sci-hub.cc are still active.
Science: http://bit.ly/1X7pppd
TorrentFreak: http://bit.ly/1Oocuh3

US: Government studies the interplay of big data and civil rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting the US government has launched its second report on big data, which looks at civil rights and the risks of re-encoding bias and discrimination into algorithmic systems. The report uses case studies drawn from credit and lending, employment, education, and criminal justice to highlight both the risks of embedded bias and the opportunity big data presents to expose it.
White House: http://1.usa.gov/1YqcVYM

The history of automata
----------------------------------------------------------------------
This Public Domain posting uses copious public domain drawings and illustrations to summarise much of the long pre-AI history of automata and show humans' enduring interest in mechanical marvels. The online catalogue from the ongoing exhibition of ancient Greek machinery includes even earlier examples from circa 300 BC, including the earliest known humanoid "robot", which uses gravity to pour and mix drinks.
Public Domain: http://bit.ly/1TSPLc6
Kotsanas: http://bit.ly/1UYXaZJ

Thailand, Hungary, Tanzania, Ireland: The state of human rights
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, Privacy International summarises the contents of four stakeholder reports it helped write for submission for the 25th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council's Universal Period Review Working Group, which took place in Geneva over the last two weeks. Among the countries due for review were Hungary, the United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand, and Ireland. Among PI's main points: Thailand's draft privacy and surveillance bill threatens to expand surveillance capabilities and increase monitoring of human rights defenders; Tanzania's communications surveillance fails to comply with international law and standards; Hungary's current legal framework for communications surveillance was judged in violation of Article 8 of the Convention by the European Court of Human Rights; and there is concern that Ireland may have been attempting to purchase surveillance malware. 
PI: http://bit.ly/1Ooc1LT

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

ICOA 2016
----------------------------------------
May 16-17
Montreal, Canada
The 18th International Conference on Open Access aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Open Access. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns, practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted in the field of Open Access.
http://bit.ly/1XCAD2a

International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government
----------------------------------------
May 18-20, 2016
Krems, Austria
The International Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age.
http://bit.ly/1MPGnmf

Privacy in the Digital Age of Encryption and Anonymity Online
----------------------------------------
May 19-20, 2016
The Hague, Netherlands
This conference on privacy in the digital age of encryption and anonymity online is jointly organised by EIPA and Europol. The main theme of the conference will be the difficulty of balancing privacy and security with a focus on the latest systems of encryption, anonymisation, and pseudonymisation.
http://bit.ly/1p3KDrc

Transparency Camp Europe
----------------------------------------
June 1, 2016
Amsterdam, Netherlands
This unconference will focus on open data, new technologies, and policies that make the EU work for people, stimulate open government, and help grasp the workings of the various EU institutions. The event will include an online app competition.
http://bit.ly/1WuJ445

Health Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
June 6-7
Washington, DC
The 2016 Health Privacy Summit brings together top national and international experts for serious discussion about global health privacy issues and realistic solutions and to ask, Is Big Data effectively the beginning of the end for privacy in health care?
http://bit.ly/1Qw5AkN

20th International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 7-9, 2016
Göttingen, Germany
ELPUB 2016 will take a fresh look at the current ecosystem of scholarly publishing including the positioning of stakeholders and distribution of economic, technological and discursive power. ELPUB will also open the floor for emerging alternatives in how scholars and citizens interact with scholarly content and what role dissemination and publishing plays in these interactions. Questions to be raised include: What is the core of publishing today? How does agenda setting in emerging frameworks like Open Science function and what is the nature of power of the referring scholarly discourses? How does this relate to the European and world-wide Open Science and Open Innovation agenda of funders and institutions, and how does this look like in publishing practice?
http://bit.ly/1qXdIFo

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------
June 9-10
New York, NY
The 2016 Personal Democracy Forum will feature speakers such as Danah Boyd, Kate Crawford, Douglas Rushkoff, and Anil Dash.
http://bit.ly/1ExPHDH

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 13-14, 2016
Berkeley, CA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/1RgmF6w

OR2016 Conference
----------------------------------------
June 13-16, 2016
Dublin, NL
The theme of OR2016 is "Illuminating the World." OR2016 will provide an opportunity to explore the impact of repositories and related infrastructure and processes. 
http://bit.ly/1pcUNp4

SOUPS
----------------------------------------
June 22-24
Denver, Colorado
The 12th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers, workshops and tutorials, a poster session, panels and invited talks, and lightning talks.
http://bit.ly/1Tn7bwy

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
June 24-26
Esino Lario, Italy
Wikimania is the annual conference celebrating Wikipedia and its sibling free knowledge projects with conferences, discussions, meetups, training, and a hackathon. Hundreds of volunteer editors come together to learn about and discuss projects, approaches and issues.
http://bit.ly/24m1rci

Jisc and CNI Conference 2016
----------------------------------------
July 6, 2016
Oxford, UK
This year's Joint Information Systems Committee and Coalition for Networked Information conference will bring together leading experts from the US, UK, and Europe to explore the current issues and innovations in digital scholarship and facilitate a rich international exchange on leading practice and policy.
http://bit.ly/238UBnS

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://2016.ifla.org/

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session. 
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

OpenCon
----------------------------------------
November 12-14, 2016
Washington, DC
At this event, the next generation can learn about Open Access, Open Education, and Open Data, develop critical skills, and catalyse action toward a more open system of research and education. OpenCon will convene students and early career academic professionals, both in person and through satellite events around the world and serve as a powerful catalyst for projects led by the next generation to advance OpenCon's three focus areas. 
http://bit.ly/1OocSMD

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://bit.ly/1OrQSv6

***

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License: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/





News digest | Open Society Information Program | Week ending 29 April 2016
====================================================

The Information Program NEWS DIGEST, published the second and fourth Thursdays of each month, aims to update colleagues in the Open Society Foundations and friends further afield about the news, opinions and events the Program team have been watching this fortnight. The views expressed in these stories do not necessarily reflect those of the Information Program or the OSF. Prepared by Wendy M. Grossman.

Our staff, advisers and major grantees tweet at http://bit.ly/13j5fjq. Current and former grantees featured in this issue: EDRi, EFF, Privacy International.


PROGRAM NEWS
============

NEWS
=====
For breaking news stories, visit: http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:news/

Brazil: Cybercrime proposals threaten free internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
At The Intercept, Andrew Fishman reports that seven proposals under consideration by the lower house of the Brazilian Congress could threaten the free and open internet in the name of fighting cybercrime. The proposals would allow judges to unilaterally order services blocked; require service providers to comply with warrantless law enforcement requests for users' IP addresses; and expand the scope and penalties of laws against hacking and unauthorised access. Forty-eight civil society groups have joined the Brazilian group Coding Rights to oppose the law. At the Web We Want, Tim Berners-Lee has posted an open letter to Brazilian lawmakers asking them to recommit to the principles of Marco Civil and find alternative ways to fight cybercrime. At the London Review of Books, Perry Anderson gives a detailed account of the political background to the economic troubles that are overshadowing the bill domestically.
Intercept: http://bit.ly/1WssTSV
Web We Want: http://bit.ly/1VE0vyt
LRB: http://bit.ly/21gLja7

US: Supreme Court clears Google Books
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Ars Technica reports that the decade-long Authors Guild challenge to Google Books has ended with the Supreme Court declining to review a lower-court decision in Google's favour. Google has argued that scanning and enabling search of books falls under "fair use". Ars Technica suggests that as a result others could be inspired to undertake other large-scale digitisation projects. In a discussion welcoming the ruling, EFF weighs "fair use creep" against "copyright creep".
Ars Technica: http://bit.ly/1VE0w5p
EFF: http://bit.ly/1pJkIEQ

EU: European Parliament gives and takes away data privacy
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Access Now reports that on April 14 the European Parliament passed the General Data Protection Regulation. The Hunton & Williams blog summarises the improvements to privacy law across the EU: widened scope, broader concept of personal data, and additional obligations for accountability, data breach notification, and consent. However, near-simultaneously, the European Parliament also gave in to mounting political pressure and passed the EU Passenger Name Record Directive. Access Now also notes that the PNR directive passed despite more than 100,000 emails of protest sent to Parliamentarians and the disapproval expressed earlier this year by the Article 29 Working Party. As travel data privacy expert Edward Hasbrouck explains at Papers Please, the PNR directive will require all member states to create a Passenger Information Unit to which all airlines operating flights to or from places outside the EU will have to transmit complete copies of Passenger Name Records. The goal, Hasbrouck writes, is to shift the government's role in air travel from stopping suspects to "pre-crime" predictive policing under which travel would become a privilege instead of a right. EDRi reports on the progress of the ongoing review by the European Court of Justice of a similar agreement between the EU and Canada and notes that a decision is expected in June.
Access Now: http://bit.ly/1QCu0IG
Papers Please: http://bit.ly/1TfMrEZ
EDRi: http://bit.ly/1SS93Bq

Microsoft sues US government over secrecy orders
----------------------------------------------------------------------
The New York Times reports that Microsoft is challenging the legal basis for US Department of Justice secrecy orders, claiming that the way the gag order statute in the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (1986) is being used is unconstitutional. Between September 2015 and March 2016, Microsoft received 5,264 demands for customer information or data in the United States. Nearly half of the requests - 2,576 - included secrecy orders, two-thirds of which had no fixed end date. In its complaint, Microsoft writes that the increase in such requests has "impaired Microsoft's right to be transparent with its customers". At Just Security, Jennifer Dasdal gives a pessimistic legal analysis of the likelihood that Microsoft will succeed in its claim.
NY Times: http://nyti.ms/245luPo
Just Security: http://bit.ly/1SC041E

Ecuador: ISPs and government collaborate to censor the internet
----------------------------------------------------------------------
APC reports that a leaked memo from the multinational ISP Telefónica, the Association of Internet Service Providers of Ecuador (AEPROV), which controls more than 95% of Ecuadorian internet traffic, collaborated with the Ecuadorian government to block users' access to websites. Under vague standards in the Article 8 of the Telecommunications Law, the president of the Republic is allowed to decree a State of Emergency and order content blocking without oversight by an independent and impartial court. Global Voices notes, based on the same leaked memo, that a temporary outage that prevented Ecuadorians' access to Google and YouTube, blamed at the time on a technical glitch was in fact Telefonica's response to a government order.
APC: http://bit.ly/26wHoK5
Global Voices: http://bit.ly/1TfMIIg

UK: Extent of government surveillance revealed
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Privacy International has published a trove of previously confidential documents, which the organisation received as part of disclosure in its legal case against the UK government on "Bulk Personal Datasets". The documents reveal that UK government surveillance, the extent of which has been kept secret from the public and Parliament until now, has seen GCHQ, MI5, and MI6 routinely requisition personal data from public and private sources including financial institutions, databases of people who have signed electronic petitions, and NHS health records. The true extent of surveillance was kept secret even from the Intelligence and Security Committee tasked with overseeing the work of the intelligence agencies. PI also reports that for 19 years the agencies have relied on section 94 of the Telecommunications Act (1984) as the legal basis for much of this surveillance, bypassing the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act (2001), even though the pre-internet legislation was never conceived with this usage in mind.
PI (release): http://bit.ly/1NCrwQa
PI (legal): http://bit.ly/1TydQVn

Sweden: Supreme Court rules against Freedom of Panorama
----------------------------------------------------------------------
EDRi reports that on April 4 the Swedish Supreme Court ruled against "Freedom of Panorama". The case, Wikimedia v. BUS, involved a claim by the Swedish Visual Arts Copyright Society (BUS) that Wikimedia had violated copyright law by allowing posters to the Offentligkonst.se site to upload pictures of public art. BUS claimed that an exception in Swedish law allowing the public to make derivative works, such as photographs and paintings, applied only to printed materials. Freedom of Panorama is limited in other Scandinavian countries: in Denmark, Finland, and Norway it applies only to architecture.
EDRi: http://bit.ly/1SuIhgr


FEATURES AND ANALYSIS
====================
For more features and analysis selected by the Program team, visit:
http://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:oped/

Is Open Access To Research Biden's Answer To Curing Cancer?
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article for Forbes, Lindsey Tepe outlines President Joe Biden's recent speech to the annual meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research, in which he promoted data sharing and open access publication as crucial elements in the "cancer moonshot" proposed by President Barack Obama in January.
Forbes: http://onforb.es/1VUkhpI

Privacy, Big Data, and regulating for use
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this webcast, of her recent lecture at Brown University, "Must Privacy Give Way to Use Regulation?", NYU professor Helen Nissenbaum rebuts those who claim that we should not attempt to regulate data collection but only data use, a view she calls "big data exceptionalism". She frames the problem as one of "domination", the power of the collector to interfere with the life of the person whose data is collected.
Brown: http://bit.ly/1QCuQ8s

How a cashless society could embolden Big Brother
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this article at the Atlantic, Sarah Jeong argues that the cashless society could facilitate increased surveillance and "financial censorship". As examples she cites Operation Choke Point, a programme under which the US Department of Justice sought to discourage or shut down exploitative payday lenders, as well as other efforts to shut down payment channels to firearms vendors, advertising sites for sex workers, and others such as Wikileaks. Bitcoin is a useful bypass channel, she argues, as long as it's not a federal priority.
Atlantic: http://theatln.tc/1T6Gaeq

The web we want: how to tackle online abuse
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this series, the Guardian tackles the problem of online abuse and considers what should be done about it. Most significantly, the newspaper discloses the results of a study of the 70 million comments posted since 2010 on its own system, 2% of which have been blocked by moderators. The study found that articles written by women consistently attracted more blocked comments than articles written by men, and that this was especially true of the male-dominated areas of the newspaper. A former Guardian moderator discusses his five years on the job and how to improve the civility of online discourse. At The Verge, Catherine Buni and Soraya Chemaly discuss the history of online moderation, beginning with YouTube in the mid-2000s, attempting to reveal details that, they write, until now have been treated by site owners as trade secrets.
Guardian (series): http://bit.ly/1SC0aXf
Guardian (comments history): http://bit.ly/1NCsKe6
Guardian (moderator): http://bit.ly/1XWSgLC
Verge: http://bit.ly/1VE0xXb

Asia: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership agreement echoes TPP
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog posting, EFF compares the intellectual property provisions of the secretive pan-Asian Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) trade agreement, recently leaked by Knowledge Ecology International, with the equivalent provisions of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Negotiating nations include India, China, Japan, and Korea, but not the US. EFF concludes that, absent the influence of Hollywood lobbyists, RCEP avoids some of the worst TPP provisions, such as the extension of copyright term, the prescriptive ISP liability regime, the most restrictive DRM provisions, and the expansion of trade secrets law. However, other provisions, most notably on enforcement, are largely unchanged from TPP. Like TPP, RCEP is being negotiated in secret. The Hindu notes that the RCEP draft proposes tough curbs on cheap medicines.
EFF: http://bit.ly/1SMmnnI
Hindu: http://bit.ly/1N2kt36

Automating EveryPolitician
----------------------------------------------------------------------
In this blog post, mySociety outlines its EveryPolitician project and introduces the EveryPolitician bot, which blogs (at Medium) the site's many data changes. EveryPolitician is mySociety's effort to make data available on every politician in the world. The site has so far collected and begun sharing 2.9 million pieces of data on over 68,652 people.
mySociety: http://bit.ly/1WUbq6y

***

DIARY
==============
To see more events recommended by the Information Program team, visit:
https://pinboard.in/u:osi_info_program/t:events/. If you would like your event listed in this mail, email info.digest@opensocietyfoundations.org.

Laura Poitras at the Whitney Museum
----------------------------------------
February 5-May 1, 2016
New York, NY
Oscar and Pulitzer Prize-winning Laura Poitras, best known for her documentary film about Edward Snowden, CITIZENFOUR, has turned her journal and FBI files into an exhibit at New York's Whitney Museum documenting her life under surveillance. LAURA POITRAS: ASTRO NOISE is an immersive installation of new work building on topics Poitras has investigated in previous film work, including mass surveillance, the war on terror, the U.S. drone program, Guantánamo Bay Prison, occupation, and torture.
http://bit.ly/1QbMuq2

Nervous Systems: Quantified Life and the Social Question
----------------------------------------
March 10-May 9, 2016
Berlin, Germany
Artists, media historians, and writers collaborate to produce a range of reflections on the quantified self for this exhibition at the Haus der Kulturen der Welt. The exhibition includes "The White Room", a live installation by Tactical Tech that includes consultations, demos, and discussions.
http://bit.ly/21fsO9Y

Second African Public Libraries Summit
----------------------------------------
April 30-May 1, 2016
eZulwini, Swaziland
The African Library and Information Association and Institutions (AfLIA)'s two-day summit will be held as a post-conference event of the SCECSAL Conference which will also be held in Swaziland. Co-sponsored by the Global Libraries Program of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the summit's theme will be "21st Century Public Libraries - innovation develops communities".
http://bit.ly/1rBE9Bj

ICOA 2016
----------------------------------------
May 16-17
Montreal, Canada
The 18th International Conference on Open Access aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Open Access. It also provides the premier interdisciplinary forum for researchers, practitioners and educators to present and discuss the most recent innovations, trends, and concerns, practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted in the field of Open Access.
http://bit.ly/1XCAD2a

International Conference for E-Democracy and Open Government
----------------------------------------
May 18-20, 2016
Krems, Austria
The International Conference for e-Democracy and Open Government brings together e-democracy, e-participation and open government specialists working in academia, politics, government and business to critically analyse the innovations, issues, ideas and challenges in the networked societies of the digital age.
http://bit.ly/1MPGnmf

Privacy in the Digital Age of Encryption and Anonymity Online
----------------------------------------
May 19-20, 2016
The Hague, Netherlands
This conference on privacy in the digital age of encryption and anonymity online is jointly organised by EIPA and Europol. The main theme of the conference will be the difficulty of balancing privacy and security with a focus on the latest systems of encryption, anonymisation, and pseudonymisation.
http://bit.ly/1p3KDrc

Health Privacy Summit
----------------------------------------
June 6-7
Washington, DC
The 2016 Health Privacy Summit brings together top national and international experts for serious discussion about global health privacy issues and realistic solutions and to ask, Is Big Data effectively the beginning of the end for privacy in health care?
http://bit.ly/1Qw5AkN

20th International Conference on Electronic Publishing
----------------------------------------
June 7-9, 2016
Göttingen, Germany
ELPUB 2016 will take a fresh look at the current ecosystem of scholarly publishing including the positioning of stakeholders and distribution of economic, technological and discursive power. ELPUB will also open the floor for emerging alternatives in how scholars and citizens interact with scholarly content and what role dissemination and publishing plays in these interactions. Questions to be raised include: What is the core of publishing today? How does agenda setting in emerging frameworks like Open Science function and what is the nature of power of the referring scholarly discourses? How does this relate to the European and world-wide Open Science and Open Innovation agenda of funders and institutions, and how does this look like in publishing practice?
http://bit.ly/1qXdIFo

Personal Democracy Forum
----------------------------------------
June 9-10
New York, NY
The 2016 Personal Democracy Forum will feature speakers such as Danah Boyd, Kate Crawford, Douglas Rushkoff, and Anil Dash.
http://bit.ly/1ExPHDH

Workshop on the Economics of Information Security
----------------------------------------
June 13-14, 2016
Berkeley, CA
The Workshop on the Economics of Information Security (WEIS) is the leading forum for interdisciplinary scholarship on information security and privacy, combining expertise from the fields of economics, social science, business, law, policy, and computer science.
http://bit.ly/1RgmF6w

OR2016 Conference
----------------------------------------
June 13-16, 2016
Dublin, NL
The theme of OR2016 is "Illuminating the World." OR2016 will provide an opportunity to explore the impact of repositories and related infrastructure and processes.
http://bit.ly/1pcUNp4

SOUPS
----------------------------------------
June 22-24
Denver, Colorado
The 12th Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security will bring together an interdisciplinary group of researchers and practitioners in human computer interaction, security, and privacy. The program will feature technical papers, workshops and tutorials, a poster session, panels and invited talks, and lightning talks.
http://bit.ly/1Tn7bwy

Wikimania
----------------------------------------
June 24-26
Esino Lario, Italy
Wikimania is the annual conference celebrating Wikipedia and its sibling free knowledge projects with conferences, discussions, meetups, training, and a hackathon. Hundreds of volunteer editors come together to learn about and discuss projects, approaches and issues.
http://bit.ly/24m1rci

Jisc and CNI Conference 2016
----------------------------------------
July 6, 2016
Oxford, UK
This year's Joint Information Systems Committee and Coalition for Networked Information conference will bring together leading experts from the US, UK, and Europe to explore the current issues and innovations in digital scholarship and facilitate a rich international exchange on leading practice and policy.
http://bit.ly/238UBnS

21st-Century Literacies for Public Libraries
----------------------------------------
August 10-11, 2016
Philadelphia, PA
At this two-day satellite meeting, presented by IFLA's Public Libraries Section, delegates will share and learn from each other's experiences in developing and delivering services that encompass today's expanded concept of literacy, which includes not only the traditional ability to read and write but proficiency in a range of other literacies such as civic, health, financial, digital, and information.
http://bit.ly/1PZhExo

IFLA World Library and Information Congress
----------------------------------------
August 13-19, 2016
Columbus, OH
The theme of the 82nd IFLA Congress is "Connections. Collaboration. Community." The Congress will feature programmes from myriad library sectors.
http://2016.ifla.org/

Privacy+Security Forum
----------------------------------------
October 24-26, 2016
Washington, DC
Monday, October 24, is devoted to pre-conference workshops and "intensive days" - advanced discussion focused narrowly on a particular topic or industry. Proposals are welcome until April 30, 2016 based on the following guiding principles: bridge the silos between privacy and security; cover issues with depth and rigour; employ interaction, scenario-based learning, and extensive engagement; deliver practical takeaways from each session.
http://bit.ly/1RIzYhV

Mozilla Festival
----------------------------------------
November 6-8, 2016
London, UK
MozFest is an annual celebration of the open Web. Participants are diverse, including engineers, artists, activists, and educators, but share the common belief that the Web can make lives better, unlocks opportunity, spurs creativity, teaches valuable skills, and connects far-flung people and ideas. The Festival seeks to improve the Web with new ideas and creations.
http://bit.ly/1WmxRQ0

Computers, Privacy, and Data Protection
----------------------------------------
January 25-27, 2017
Brussels
The tenth CPDP's main theme is artificial intelligence. The conference is accepting proposals for panels in April (from academic consortia, research projects, think tanks, and other research organisations) and May (from individuals wishing to present academic research papers).
http://cpdpconferences.org

***

Hear more from the Information Program!
================================
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